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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092598/evaluation-of-venous-blood-gas-levels-blood-chemistry-and-haemocytometric-parameters-in-milk-fed-veal-calves-at-different-periods-of-livestock-cycle
#1
S Giambelluca, E Fiore, A Sadocco, M Gianesella, I Vazzana, T Orefice, M Morgante
An evaluation of blood chemistry profile in relation to specific stages of livestock cycle can help better understand variations in physiological conditions in order to adjust management systems to animal needs. In addition to basal hematological investigation, the acid-base balance and blood gases are essential tools in evaluating metabolism in calves. The relationship between blood gas parameters, diet and growth should be further investigated. The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in acid-base status, blood gases, serum chemistry and hematological parameters in veal calves at different periods of livestock cycle...
December 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087478/renal-involvement-in-lysinuric-protein-intolerance-contribution-of-pathology-to-assessment-of-heterogeneity-of-renal-lesions
#2
Emmanuel Estève, Pauline Krug, Aurélie Hummel, Jean-Baptiste Arnoux, Olivia Boyer, Anais Brassier, Pascale de Lonlay, Vincent Vuiblet, Stéphanie Gobin, Rémi Salomon, Christine Piètrement, Jean-Paul Bonnefont, Aude Servais, Louise Galmiche
Lysinuric protein intolerance (LPI) is a rare autosomal recessive disease caused by mutations in the SLC7A7 gene encoding the light subunit of a cationic amino acid transporter. Symptoms mimic primary urea cycle defects but dysimmune symptoms are also described. Renal involvement in LPI was first described in the 1980's. In 2007, it appeared that it could concern as much as 75% of LPI patients and could lead to end stage renal disease. The most common feature is proximal tubular dysfunction and nephrocalcinosis but glomerular lesions are also reported...
January 10, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069102/the-effect-of-cp-concentration-in-the-diet-on-urea-kinetics-and-microbial-usage-of-recycled-urea-in-cattle-a-meta-analysis
#3
E D Batista, E Detmann, S C Valadares Filho, E C Titgemeyer, R F D Valadares
In ruminants, urea recycling is considered an evolutionary advantage. The amount of urea recycled mainly depends of the nitrogen (N) intake and the amount of organic matter (OM) digested in the rumen. Because recycled N contributes to meeting microbial N requirements, accurate estimates of urea recycling can improve the understanding of efficiency of N utilization and N losses to the environment. The objective of this study was to evaluate urea kinetics and microbial usage of recycled urea N in ruminants using a meta-analytical approach...
January 10, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062886/milder-form-of-urea-cycle-defect-revisited-report-and-review-of-hyperornithinaemia-hyperammonaemia-homocitrullinuria-hhh-syndrome-diagnosed-in-a-teenage-girl-presenting-with-recurrent-encephalopathy
#4
Syeda Kashfi Qadri, Teck Wah Ting, James Sc Lim, Saumya Shekhar Jamuar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057010/update-on-lysinuric-protein-intolerance-a-multi-faceted-disease-retrospective-cohort-analysis-from-birth-to-adulthood
#5
Wladimir Mauhin, Florence Habarou, Stéphanie Gobin, Aude Servais, Anaïs Brassier, Coraline Grisel, Célina Roda, Graziella Pinto, Despina Moshous, Fahd Ghalim, Pauline Krug, Nelly Deltour, Clément Pontoizeau, Sandrine Dubois, Murielle Assoun, Louise Galmiche, Jean-Paul Bonnefont, Chris Ottolenghi, Jacques de Blic, Jean-Baptiste Arnoux, Pascale de Lonlay
BACKGROUND: Lysinuric protein intolerance (LPI) is a rare metabolic disease resulting from recessive-inherited mutations in the SLC7A7 gene encoding the cationic amino-acids transporter subunit y(+)LAT1. The disease is characterised by protein-rich food intolerance with secondary urea cycle disorder, but symptoms are heterogeneous ranging from infiltrative lung disease, kidney failure to auto-immune complications. This retrospective study of all cases treated at Necker Hospital (Paris, France) since 1977 describes LPI in both children and adults in order to improve therapeutic management...
January 5, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040487/a-waterborne-chemical-cue-from-gulf-toadfish-opsanus-beta-prompts-pulsatile-urea-excretion-in-conspecifics
#6
Jeremy Fulton, Christophe M R LeMoine, Carol Bucking, Kevin V Brix, Patrick J Walsh, M Danielle McDonald
The Gulf toadfish (Opsanus beta) has a fully functional ornithine urea cycle (O-UC) that allows it to excrete nitrogenous waste in the form of urea. Interestingly, urea is excreted in a pulse across the gill that lasts 1-3h and occurs once or twice a day. Both the stress hormone, cortisol, and the neurotransmitter, serotonin (5-HT) are involved in the control of pulsatile urea excretion. This and other evidence suggests that urea pulsing may be linked to toadfish social behavior. The hypothesis of the present study was that toadfish urea pulses can be triggered by waterborne chemical cues from conspecifics...
December 28, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034986/influence-of-sexual-hormones-on-neural-orofacial-perception
#7
Bruna Alves, Flavia Ibuki, Alyne Simões Gonçalves, Manoel Jacobsen Teixeira, Silvia Regina Dowgan Tesseroli De Siqueira
OBJECTIVE  : To investigate the trigeminal somatosensory (thermal, pain, tactile, vibratory, and electric), gustative (salty, bitter, sweet, sour), and olfactory thresholds in healthy women during the menstrual cycle and investigate any association with estradiol and progesterone levels in saliva. METHODS : We examined/tested 39 women between age 19 and 47 years and with regular menstrual cycles and no comorbidities. All women were informed about the purposes of the study, and only those who signed the informed consent were included...
December 29, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034896/role-of-cps1-in-cell-growth-metabolism-and-prognosis-in-lkb1-inactivated-lung-adenocarcinoma
#8
Müge Çeliktaş, Ichidai Tanaka, Satyendra Chandra Tripathi, Johannes F Fahrmann, Clemente Aguilar-Bonavides, Pamela Villalobos, Oliver Delgado, Dilsher Dhillon, Jennifer B Dennison, Edwin J Ostrin, Hong Wang, Carmen Behrens, Kim-Anh Do, Adi F Gazdar, Samir M Hanash, Ayumu Taguchi
BACKGROUND: Liver kinase B1 (LKB1) is a tumor suppressor in lung adenocarcinoma (LADC). We investigated the proteomic profiles of 45 LADC cell lines with and without LKB1 inactivation. Carbamoyl phosphate synthetase 1 (CPS1), the first rate-limiting mitochondrial enzyme in the urea cycle, was distinctively overexpressed in LKB1-inactivated LADC cell lines. We therefore assessed the role of CPS1 and its clinical relevance in LKB1-inactivated LADC. METHODS: Mass spectrometric profiling of proteome and metabolome and function of CPS1 were analyzed in LADC cell lines...
March 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027971/host-conditioning-and-rejection-monitoring-in-hepatocyte-transplantation-in-humans
#9
Kyle A Soltys, Kentaro Setoyama, Edgar N Tafaleng, Alejandro Soto Gutiérrez, Jason Fong, Ken Fukumitsu, Taichiro Nishikawa, Masaki Nagaya, Rachel Sada, Kimberly Haberman, Roberto Gramignoli, Kenneth Dorko, Veysel Tahan, Alexandra Dreyzin, Kevin Baskin, John J Crowley, Mubina A Quader, Melvin Deutsch, Chethan Ashokkumar, Benjamin L Shneider, Robert H Squires, Sarangarajan Ranganathan, Miguel Reyes-Mugica, Steven F Dobrowolski, George Mazariegos, Rajavel Elango, Donna B Stolz, Stephen C Strom, Gerard Vockley, Jayanta Roy-Chowdhury, Marilia Cascalho, Chandan Guha, Rakesh Sindhi, Jeffrey L Platt, Ira J Fox
BACKGROUND: Hepatocyte transplantation partially corrects genetic disorders and has been associated anecdotally with reversal of acute liver failure. Monitoring for graft function and rejection has been difficult, and has contributed to limited graft survival. METHODS: Preparative hepatic irradiation was examined in non-human primates as a strategy to improve engraftment of donor hepatocytes, and was then applied in human subjects. T-cell immune monitoring was also examined in human subjects to assess adequacy of immunosuppression...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012632/hepatic-expression-of-aminoadipate-semialdehyde-synthase-is-unchanged-by-postruminal-lysine-supply-in-lactating-dairy-cows
#10
H A Tucker, M D Hanigan, J Escobar, P H Doane, S S Donkin
Lysine supply is potentially limiting for milk production in dairy cows. The availability of Lys to the mammary gland and other tissues is a function of the quantity of metabolizable Lys supplied and Lys catabolism by the liver. Likewise, Lys catabolism may be influenced by Lys supply. This study evaluated the effect of increased postruminal Lys supply on the expression of aminoadipate semialdehyde synthase (AASS, a committing step in Lys catabolism in the liver) and ornithine transcarbamoylase and argininosuccinate synthase (key urea cycle enzymes that are responsive to protein supply)...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007335/precision-medicine-in-rare-disease-mechanisms-of-disparate-effects-of-n-carbamyl-l-glutamate-on-mutant-cps1-enzymes
#11
Dashuang Shi, Gengxiang Zhao, Nicholas Ah Mew, Mendel Tuchman
This study documents the disparate therapeutic effect of N-carbamyl-l-glutamate (NCG) in the activation of two different disease-causing mutants of carbamyl phosphate synthetase 1 (CPS1). We investigated the effects of NCG on purified recombinant wild-type (WT) mouse CPS1 and its human corresponding E1034G (increased ureagenesis on NCG) and M792I (decreased ureagenesis on NCG) mutants. NCG activates WT CPS1 sub-optimally compared to NAG. Similar to NAG, NCG, in combination with MgATP, stabilizes the enzyme, but competes with NAG binding to the enzyme...
December 8, 2016: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003141/identification-and-optimization-of-a-novel-series-of-indoleamine-2-3-dioxygenase-inhibitors
#12
Jay A Markwalder, Steven P Seitz, Yuval Blat, Lisa Elkin, John T Hunt, Jonathan G Pabalan, Maria N Jure-Kunkel, Gregory D Vite, Kelly Covello
The discovery of a series of structurally-novel biaryl urea IDO inhibitors is described. Optimization of a micromolar hit through iterative cycles of synthesis and screening in an assay measuring IDO-mediated intracellular conversion of tryptophan to kynurenine led to potent inhibitors with favorable selectivity and metabolic stability profiles.
December 7, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997078/hiding-in-plain-sight-a-case-of-ornithine-transcarbamylase-deficiency-unmasked-post-liver-transplantation
#13
Meera Ramanathan, Suresh Uppalapu, Nayan M Patel
Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency represents the most common inherited defect of the urea cycle. This enzyme, predominantly found in the liver, plays a crucial role in recycling free ammonia, with deficiencies often leading to fatal complications. Here, we present the case of a 63-year-old male with alcoholic cirrhosis who underwent orthotopic liver transplantation, gradual worsening of his mental status and progressive elevation of ammonia levels. Liver allograft function was deemed normal, raising concern for a donor derived metabolic disorder of the urea cycle...
December 20, 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987362/effect-of-multiple-freeze-thaw-cycles-on-selected-biochemical-serum-components
#14
Randi E Gislefoss, Marianne Lauritzen, Hilde Langseth, Lars Mørkrid
BACKGROUND: To maintain the best performance a frozen serum sample should be thawed once to prevent repeated freeze-thaw cycles. Archival biobanks often have one tube of a sample available, causing repeated freeze-thaw cycles when the sample is used in multiple research projects. In this study, we investigated potential effects of freeze-thaw cycles on several biochemical components in serum. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Serum from 40 fasting donors of both genders, aged 30-60 years, were frozen at -25 °C...
December 17, 2016: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982328/kidney-ischemia-and-reperfunsion-syndrome-effect-of-lidocaine-and-local-postconditioning
#15
Igor Nagai Yamaki, Ruy Victor Simões Pontes, Felipe Lobato DA Silva Costa, Vitor Nagai Yamaki, Renan Kleber Costa Teixeira, Edson Yuzur Yasojima, Marcus Vinicius Henriques Brito
Objective: to evaluate the effects of blocking the regulation of vascular tone on the ischemia and reperfusion syndrome in rats through the use of lidocaine in the postconditioning technique. Methods: we randomized 35 rats into seven groups of five animals: Group 1- Control; Group 2- Ischemia and Reperfusion; Group 3- Ischemia, Reperfusion and Saline; Group 4- Ischemic Postconditioning; Group 5- Ischemic Postconditioning and Saline; Group 6- Lidocaine; Group 7- Ischemic Postconditioning and Lidocaine...
September 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979739/genetic-variants-in-sirt3-transcriptional-regulatory-region-affect-promoter-activity-and-fat-deposition-in-three-cattle-breeds
#16
Linsheng Gui, Jieyun Hong, Sayed Haidar Abbas Raza, Linsen Zan
Sirtuin 3 (SIRT3) is a mitochondrial nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD)-dependent deacetylase. It has crucial roles in regulating the respiratory chain, in adenosine triphosphate (ATP) production, and in both the citric acid and urea cycles. The aim of this study was to investigate whether SIRT3 could be used as a candidate gene in the breeding of cattle. Expression analysis by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reactions (qPCR) indicated that expression levels of SIRT3 were highest in the kidney, rumen, liver, omasum and muscle...
December 12, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Probes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978621/cheap-high-performance-and-wearable-mn-oxide-supercapacitors-with-urea-liclo4-based-gel-electrolytes
#17
Ming-Jay Deng, Kai-Wen Chen, Yo-Cheng Che, I-Ju Wang, Chih-Ming Lin, Jin-Ming Chen, Kueih-Tzu Lu, Yen-Fa Liao, Hirofumi Ishii
Here we report a simple, scalable, and low-cost method to enhance the electrochemical properties of Mn oxide electrodes for highly efficient and flexible symmetrical supercapacitors. The method involving printing on a printer, pencil-drawing, and electrodeposition is established to fabricate Mn oxide/Ni-nanotube/graphite/paper hybrid electrodes operating with a low-cost, novel urea-LiClO4/PVA as gel electrolyte for flexible solid-state supercapacitor (FSSC) devices. The Mn oxide nanofiber/Ni-nanotube/graphite/paper (MNNGP) electrodes in urea-LiClO4/PVA gel electrolyte show specific capacitance (Csp) 960 F/g in voltage region 0...
December 23, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978498/ornithine-and-its-role-in-metabolic-diseases-an-appraisal
#18
REVIEW
Muthukumaran Sivashanmugam, Jaidev J, Umashankar V, Sulochana K N
Ornithine is a non-essential amino acid produced as an intermediate molecule in urea cycle. It is a key substrate for the synthesis of proline, polyamines and citrulline. Ornithine also plays an important role in the regulation of several metabolic processes leading to diseases like hyperorithinemia, hyperammonemia, gyrate atrophy and cancer in humans. However, the mechanism of action behind the multi-faceted roles of ornithine is yet to be unraveled completely. Several types of cancers are also characterized by excessive polyamine synthesis from ornithine by different rate limiting enzymes...
December 12, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977298/the-chemical-chaperone-phenylbutyrate-rescues-mct8-mutations-associated-with-milder-phenotypes-in-patients-with-ahds
#19
Doreen Braun, Ulrich Schweizer
Mutations in the thyroid hormone transporter MCT8 prevent appropriate entry of thyroid hormones into brain cells during development and cause severe mental retardation in affected patients. Current treatment options are thyromimetic compounds that enter the brain independent of MCT8. Some MCT8 deficient patients (e.g. those carrying MCT8(delF501)) are not as severely affected than most others. We have shown that MCT8(delF501) protein has decreased protein stability, but significant residual function once it reaches the plasma membrane...
December 15, 2016: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973599/transcriptional-orchestration-of-the-global-cellular-response-of-a-model-pennate-diatom-to-diel-light-cycling-under-iron-limitation
#20
Sarah R Smith, Jeroen T F Gillard, Adam B Kustka, John P McCrow, Jonathan H Badger, Hong Zheng, Ashley M New, Chris L Dupont, Toshihiro Obata, Alisdair R Fernie, Andrew E Allen
Environmental fluctuations affect distribution, growth and abundance of diatoms in nature, with iron (Fe) availability playing a central role. Studies on the response of diatoms to low Fe have either utilized continuous (24 hr) illumination or sampled a single time of day, missing any temporal dynamics. We profiled the physiology, metabolite composition, and global transcripts of the pennate diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum during steady-state growth at low, intermediate, and high levels of dissolved Fe over light:dark cycles, to better understand fundamental aspects of genetic control of physiological acclimation to growth under Fe-limitation...
December 2016: PLoS Genetics
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