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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288742/the-research-of-the-possible-mechanism-and-the-treatment-for-capsaicin-induced-cough
#1
Li Zhang, Tieying Sun, Longteng Liu, Lifang Wang
Unexplained chronic cough (UCC) affects millions of patients worldwide. New therapeutic approaches to this condition are urgently needed, since current treatment options provide only symptomatic relief. Cough reflex hypersensitivity has been shown to play an important role in the pathogenesis of UCC. The transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) is present on peripheral terminals of airway sensory nerves and modulation of its activity represents a potential target for the pharmacological treatment of UCC...
December 27, 2017: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284900/impact-of-preoperative-anxiety-in-patients-on-hemodynamic-changes-and-a-dose-of-anesthetic-during-induction-of-anesthesia
#2
Jasmina Ahmetovic-Djug, Sefik Hasukic, Haris Djug, Begzada Hasukic, Alan Jahic
Objectives: Each surgical patient is preoperatively, intraoperatively and postoperatively exposed to stress. The aim of this study was to determine the existence of preoperative anxiety, and to determine its impact on hemodynamic parameters (blood pressure, heart rate) in patients and dose of anesthetics during induction of anesthesia. Methods: A prospective clinical study conducted at the Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation and Surgery Clinic of University Clinical Center Tuzla (UCC) in the period May 2012...
October 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284026/a-monte-carlo-simulation-approach-for-estimating-the-health-and-economic-impact-of-interventions-provided-at-a-student-run-clinic
#3
Daniel J Arenas, Lanair A Lett, Heather Klusaritz, Anne M Teitelman
BACKGROUND: Student Run Clinics (SRCs) are a common aspect of medical education, present at more than half of US medical schools, and noted for providing care to communities that might otherwise lack access, including the uninsured and underinsured. To date, few studies have rigorously quantified the health and economic benefits of SRCs, and the present study remedies that. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We used Monte Carlo simulations to estimate the health impact of common preventive health interventions applied to individuals in quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277821/iodine-content-analysis-using-dual-energy-computed-tomography-as-a-biomarker-of-transitional-cell-carcinoma-an-experience-with-separation-of-the-clotted-blood-and-tumorous-tissue
#4
Hynek Mirka, Jan Baxa, Milan Hora, Ondrej Hes, Ondrej Topolcan, Jiri Ferda
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the possibility to discriminate the blood clot from tumorous tissue in the assessment of transitional cell carcinoma (TCC), when CT data are used only from single-phase dual-energy CT (DECT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 18 patients were included into the retrospective analysis of the prospectively collected data (the average age was 67.3 years, range=62-79 years, 12 males, 6 females). DECT was performed in all patients after intravenous administration of the iodinated contrast material...
January 2018: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277583/wisp1-genetic-variants-as-predictors-of-tumor-development-with-urothelial-cell-carcinoma
#5
Hsiang-Lin Lee, Hui-Ling Chiou, Shian-Shiang Wang, Sheng-Chun Hung, Ming-Chih Chou, Shun-Fa Yang, Ming-Ju Hsieh, Ying-Erh Chou
OBJECTIVES: Urothelial cell carcinoma (UCC) of the urinary bladder is a major malignancy of the genitourinary tract. Etiological factors, such as the environment, ethnicity, genetics, and diet, contribute to UCC carcinogenesis. WNT1-inducible signaling pathway protein 1 (WISP1), also known as CCN4, a cysteine-rich protein belonging to the Cyr61, CTGF, Nov (CCN) family of matricellular proteins, has many developmental functions and might be involved in carcinogenesis. This study investigated WISP1 single-nucleotide polymorphisms to evaluate UCC susceptibility and clinicopathological characteristics...
December 22, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235658/baseline-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-older-adults-seeking-care-in-ambulatory-urgent-care-clinics
#6
Bernardo J Reyes, Javier M Lopez, Diana J Galindo, Maria Briceno, Joseph G Ouslander
OBJECTIVES: To determine the most common clinical conditions associated with older adults visiting Urgent care centers (UCCs) and the potential need for further resource use. DESIGN: Cross-sectional retrospective study. SETTING: Nonprofit academic medical center with campuses and multiple satellite offices in Ohio and Florida. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 55 and older who visited UCCs between August 2014 and March 2015 (N = 9,445; average age 63...
December 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223626/sleep-and-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-glycogen-storage-disease-on-standard-and-modified-uncooked-cornstarch
#7
Isabelle Rousseau-Nepton, Céline Huot, Diane Laforte, Elise Mok, Daphna Fenyves, Evelyn Constantin, John Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Glycemic control in hepatic glycogen storage diseases (GSDs) relies on specific nutritional recommendations, including strict avoidance of a fasting period. Uncooked cornstarch (UCCS) is an important therapeutic component. A new modified UCCS, Glycosade™, was created with the objective of prolonging euglycemia. We aimed to determine the length of euglycemia on Glycosade™ using a continuous glucose monitor (CGM) and to evaluate whether longer euglycemia and thus less nighttime interruptions would improve sleep and quality of life (QoL) after the introduction of the modified cornstarch...
September 11, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208663/haemodynamic-effects-of-umbilical-cord-milking-in-premature-sheep-during-the-neonatal-transition
#8
Douglas A Blank, Graeme R Polglase, Martin Kluckow, Andrew William Gill, Kelly J Crossley, Alison Moxham, Karyn Rodgers, Valerie Zahra, Ishmael Inocencio, Fiona Stenning, Domeic A LaRosa, Peter G Davis, Stuart B Hooper
OBJECTIVE: Umbilical cord milking (UCM) at birth may benefit preterm infants, but the physiological effects of UCM are unknown. We compared the physiological effects of two UCM strategies with immediate umbilical cord clamping (UCC) and physiological-based cord clamping (PBCC) in preterm lambs. METHODS: At 126 days' gestational age, fetal lambs were exteriorised, intubated and instrumented to measure umbilical, pulmonary and cerebral blood flows and arterial pressures...
December 5, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120212/evidence-based-practice-as-a-potential-solution-to-burnout-in-university-counseling-center-clinicians
#9
Charity B Wilkinson, Zachary P Infantolino, Annmarie Wacha-Montes
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of changes in perceptions about patient volume and severity of clinical presentations in university counseling centers (UCCS) on burnout. It was hypothesized that perceptions of increased workload and severity of conditions treated would be positively correlated with burnout. It was also hypothesized that self-reported use of evidence-based practice (EBP) would be negatively correlated with burnout. Counseling center clinicians (n = 80) completed the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory (CBI), the Evidence-Based Practice Attitudes Scale (EPBAS), and reported on factors that have been shown to impact burnout...
November 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104467/genetic-variations-of-melatonin-receptor-type-1a-are-associated-with-the-clinicopathologic-development-of-urothelial-cell-carcinoma
#10
Yung-Wei Lin, Shian-Shiang Wang, Yu-Ching Wen, Min-Che Tung, Liang-Ming Lee, Shun-Fa Yang, Ming-Hsien Chien
Melatonin counteracts tumor occurrence and tumor cell progression in several cancer types in vitro and in vivo. It acts predominantly through its melatonin receptor type 1A (MTNR1A), and genetic variations of MTNR1A affect the susceptibility several diseases and cancer. The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of MTNR1A gene polymorphisms on the susceptibility to and clinicopathological characteristics of urothelial cell carcinoma (UCC). We recruited 272 patients with UCC and 272 normal controls to analyze three common single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs2119882, rs13140012, and rs6553010) of MTNR1A related to cancer risk and clinicopathological relevance according to a TaqMan-based real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
2017: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096584/effectiveness-of-routine-psychotherapy-method-matters
#11
Andrew A McAleavey, Soo Jeong Youn, Henry Xiao, Louis G Castonguay, Jeffrey A Hayes, Benjamin D Locke
OBJECTIVE: Though many studies have shown that psychotherapy can be effective, psychotherapy available in routine practice may not be adequate. Several methods have been proposed to evaluate routine psychological treatments. The aim of this paper is to demonstrate the combined utility of complementary methods, change-based benchmarking, and end-state normative comparisons, across a range of self-reported psychological symptoms. METHOD: Benchmarks derived from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and normative comparisons were used to evaluate the effectiveness of psychotherapy in a large (N = 9895) sample of clients in university counseling centers (UCCs)...
November 2, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095905/the-complete-chloroplast-genome-sequence-of-the-cam-epiphyte-spanish-moss-tillandsia-usneoides-bromeliaceae-and-its-comparative-analysis
#12
Péter Poczai, Jaakko Hyvönen
Spanish moss (Tillandsia usneoides) is an epiphytic bromeliad widely distributed throughout tropical and warm temperate America. This plant is highly adapted to extreme environmental conditions. Striking features of this species include specialized trichomes (scales) covering the surface of its shoots aiding the absorption of water and nutrients directly from the atmosphere and a specific photosynthesis using crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM). Here we report the plastid genome of Spanish moss and present the comparison of genome organization and sequence evolution within Poales...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081023/combined-treatment-with-pemetrexed-and-vinflunine-in-patients-with-metastatic-urothelial-cell-carcinoma-after-prior-platinum-containing-chemotherapy-results-of-an-exploratory-phase-i-study
#13
H Pappot, H von der Maase, A Ullén, M Agerbæk
Vinflunine is to date the only registered agent for second-line treatment of metastatic urothelial cell carcinoma (UCC) in Europe. However, the effect is modest. Pemetrexed has demonstrated some single-agent activity in this disease entity. In order to improve treatment possibilities for UCC patients, a phase I trial (VINTREX) was undertaken to assess the safety of vinflunine and pemetrexed in metastatic UCC patients. A dose escalation design was planned to determine the dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) and maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of a vinflunine/pemetrexed combination...
October 28, 2017: Investigational New Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044713/investigation-of-umbilical-venous-vessels-anatomy-and-diameters-as-a-guideline-for-catheter-placement-in-newborns
#14
F Eifinger, Z Fuchs, F Koerber, T Persigehl, M Scaal
Umbilical cord catheters (UCC) are important for the primary care of critically ill newborns. To analyze anatomical variations of the umbilical vein (UV) and its further course, we performed abdominal spiral-CT examinations on stillborns. The aim of the study was to explore the high incidence of mal-positioned UCCs and to improve their positioning. Eighteen stillborns were investigated (29.2 weeks ± 6.7 weeks (IQR)). CTs were performed using either air or contrast medium injection into the UV. We measured the diameter at the narrowest points of (i) the umbilical vein, (ii) the segmental portal vein, (iii) the left portal vein, (iv) the umbilical recess, and (v) the ductus venosus...
October 17, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037253/asxl-gain-of-function-truncation-mutants-defective-and-dysregulated-forms-of-a-natural-ribosomal-frameshifting-product
#15
Adam M Dinan, John F Atkins, Andrew E Firth
BACKGROUND: Programmed ribosomal frameshifting (PRF) is a gene expression mechanism which enables the translation of two N-terminally coincident, C-terminally distinct protein products from a single mRNA. Many viruses utilize PRF to control or regulate gene expression, but very few phylogenetically conserved examples are known in vertebrate genes. Additional sex combs-like (ASXL) genes 1 and 2 encode important epigenetic and transcriptional regulatory proteins that control the expression of homeotic genes during key developmental stages...
October 16, 2017: Biology Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036902/dna-adducts-formed-by-aristolochic-acid-are-unique-biomarkers-of-exposure-and-explain-the-initiation-phase-of-upper-urothelial-cancer
#16
REVIEW
Marie Stiborová, Volker M Arlt, Heinz H Schmeiser
Aristolochic acid (AA) is a plant alkaloid that causes aristolochic acid nephropathy (AAN) and Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN), unique renal diseases frequently associated with upper urothelial cancer (UUC). This review summarizes the significance of AA-derived DNA adducts in the aetiology of UUC leading to specific A:T to T:A transversion mutations (mutational signature) in AAN/BEN-associated tumours, which are otherwise rare in individuals with UCC not exposed to AA. Therefore, such DNA damage produced by AA-DNA adducts is one rare example of the direct association of exposure and cancer development (UUC) in humans, confirming that the covalent binding of carcinogens to DNA is causally related to tumourigenesis...
October 14, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980209/la-sota-vaccination-may-not-protect-against-virus-shedding-and-the-lesions-of-velogenic-newcastle-disease-in-commercial-turkeys
#17
ObianujuNkiruka Okoroafor, Paul Chekwube Eze, Wilfred Sunday Ezema, Chika Nwosu, Christian Okorie-Kanu, P C Animoke, Boniface Anene, John Osita Arinze Okoye
The aim of this project is to study the clinical signs and lesion of velogenic Newcastle disease (vND) in commercial turkeys, and also to find out if La Sota vaccination offered protection against these signs and lesions. The cockerels were included as positive controls. One hundred and twenty turkey poults and cockerels were divided into eight groups as follows: unvaccinated unchallenged turkeys (UUT), unvaccinated challenged turkeys (UCT), vaccinated unchallenged turkeys (VUT), vaccinated challenged turkeys (VCT), and along the same lines, the cockerel groups were UUC, UCC, VUC and vaccinated challenged cockerels (VCC)...
October 5, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977460/gwips-viz-2018-update
#18
Audrey M Michel, Stephen J Kiniry, Patrick B F O'Connor, James P Mullan, Pavel V Baranov
The GWIPS-viz browser (http://gwips.ucc.ie/) is an on-line genome browser which is tailored for exploring ribosome profiling (Ribo-seq) data. Since its publication in 2014, GWIPS-viz provides Ribo-seq data for an additional 14 genomes bringing the current total to 23. The integration of new Ribo-seq data has been automated thereby increasing the number of available tracks to 1792, a 10-fold increase in the last three years. The increase is particularly substantial for data derived from human sources. Following user requests, we added the functionality to download these tracks in bigWig format...
September 5, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946546/the-relation-between-ring-box-1-protein-overexpression-and-tumor-grade-and-stage-in-bladder-urothelial-cell-carcinoma
#19
Zeliha Esin Celik, Mehmet Kaynar, Pinar Karabagli, Nursadan Gergerlioglu, Serdar Goktas
BACKGROUND: Ring Box Protein-1 (RBX-1), a component of SCF E3 ubiquitin ligases, has a crucial role in bladder urothelial cell carcinoma (UCC) carcinogenesis and progression. OBJECTIVES: In the present study, it is aimed to determine the expression of RBX-1 protein in bladder UCC and the association between tumor grade, stage and RBX-1 expression. METHODS: Ninety UCC samples and 20 samples containing foci of normal bladder urothelium were recruited and analyzed immunohistochemically in terms of RBX-1 expression...
September 15, 2017: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937484/diagnostic-accuracy-of-qualitative-and-quantitative-computed-tomography-analysis-for-diagnosis-of-pathological-grade-and-stage-in-upper-tract-urothelial-cell-carcinoma
#20
Suraj Mammen, Satheesh Krishna, Matthew Quon, Wael M Shabana, Shaheed W Hakim, Trevor A Flood, Nicola Schieda
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare grade and stage of upper tract urothelial cell carcinoma (UCC) using computed tomography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: With institutional review board approval, 48 patients with 49 UCC (44 high grade and 5 low grade, 26 ≤ T1 and 23 ≥ T2) underwent nephroureterectomy and preoperative computed tomography between 2013 and 2015. Two blinded radiologists assessed for tumor appearance (filling defect/mass or wall thickening/stricture), margin (smooth or spiculated/irregular), texture (homogeneous, heterogeneous), hydronephrosis, and calcification...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
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