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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624415/aging-rather-than-aneuploidy-affects-monoamine-neurotransmitters-in-brain-regions-of-down-syndrome-mouse-models
#1
Alain D Dekker, Yannick Vermeiren, Christelle Albac, Eva Lana-Elola, Sheona Watson-Scales, Dorota Gibbins, Tony Aerts, Debby Van Dam, Elizabeth M C Fisher, Victor L J Tybulewicz, Marie-Claude Potier, Peter P De Deyn
Altered concentrations of monoamine neurotransmitters and metabolites have been repeatedly found in people with Down syndrome (DS, trisomy 21). Because of the limited availability of human post-mortem tissue, DS mouse models are of great interest to study these changes and the underlying neurobiological mechanisms. Although previous studies have shown the potential of Ts65Dn mice - the most widely used mouse model of DS - to model noradrenergic changes, a comprehensive monoaminergic characterization in multiple brain regions has not been performed so far...
June 15, 2017: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601766/trace-level-determination-of-5-hydroxytryptamine-and-its-related-indoles-in-amniotic-fluid-by-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry
#2
Hongmei Shi, Bo Wang, Lingmei Niu, Mengsi Cao, Weijun Kang, Kaoqi Lian, Pingping Zhang
5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and its derivatives are endogenously active substances involved in multiple physiological and pathological processes. A novel method of detetermining 5-hydroxyindole ethanol (5-HTOL), 5-hydroxyindole acetic acid (5-HIAA), 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) and 5-HT in amniotic fluid by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was established based on a modified method of derivatization by silanization, in combination with solid-phase extraction pretreatment. Good linearity was achieved in the tested calibration range...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579486/no-effect-of-c1473g-polymorphism-in-the-tryptophan-hydroxylase-2-gene-on-the-response-of-the-brain-serotonin-system-to-chronic-fluoxetine-treatment-in-mice
#3
Ekaterina Y Bazhenova, Nadezhda A Sinyakova, Elizabeth A Kulikova, Irina A Kazarinova, Daria V Bazovkina, Raul R Gainetdinov, Alexander V Kulikov
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are antidepressants that block serotonin transporter (SERT) and increase serotonin (5-HT) level in the synaptic cleft. The interaction between SERT and the key enzyme of 5-HT synthesis in the brain, tryptophan hydroxylase 2 (TPH2), is essential to maintain the brain 5-HT level. The G allele of C1473G polymorphism in Tph2 gene decreases enzyme activity by half in mouse brain. Here we studied effect of C1473G polymorphism on the reaction of brain 5-HT system to chronic fluoxetine treatment (120mg/l in drinking water, for 3 weeks) in adult males of the congenic B6-1473C and B6-1473G mouse lines with high and low enzyme activity, respectively...
June 1, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539708/assessment-of-mexican-arnica-heterotheca-inuloides-cass-and-rosemary-rosmarinus-officinalis-extracts-on-dopamine-and-selected-biomarkers-of-oxidative-stress-in-stomach-and-brain-of-salmonella-typhimurium-infected-rats
#4
David Calderón Guzmàn, Maribel Ortiz Herrera, Norma Osnaya Brizuela, Gerardo Barragàn Mejía, Ernestina Hernàndez García, Hugo Juàrez Olguín, Armando Valenzuela Peraza, Norma Labra Ruíz, Daniel Santamaría Del Angel
BACKGROUND: The effects of some natural products on dopamine (DA) and 5-hydroxyindole acetic acid (5-HIAA) in brain of infected models are still unclear. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to measure the effect of Mexican arnica/rosemary (MAR) water extract and oseltamivir on both biogenic amines and some oxidative biomarkers in the brain and stomach of young rats under infection condition. METHODS: Female Wistar rats (weight 80 g) in the presence of MAR or absence (no-MAR) were treated as follows: group 1, buffer solution (controls); oseltamivir (100 mg/kg), group 2; culture of Salmonella typhimurium (S...
April 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535482/multiple-metal-exposures-and-their-correlation-with-monoamine-neurotransmitter-metabolism-in-chinese-electroplating-workers
#5
Lin-Lin Wu, Wei Gong, Si-Peng Shen, Zhong-He Wang, Jia-Xi Yao, Jun Wang, Jing Yu, Rong Gao, Gang Wu
Excessive metal exposure has been recognized as one of the detrimental factors for brain damage. However, the potential adverse effects induced by heavy metals on monoamine neurotransmitter pathways remains poorly understood. Our study aimed to investigate the possible association between metal exposure and neurotransmitter metabolism. By a cross-sectional investigation, 224 electroplating workers and 213 non-electroplating exposure workers were recruited in the exposure and control groups. Metal exposure levels were analyzed using inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry and monoamine neurotransmitter pathway metabolites were measured by ultra-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry in human urine samples...
April 26, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507564/management-of-the-hormonal-syndrome-of-neuroendocrine-tumors
#6
Paweł Gut, Joanna Waligórska-Stachura, Agata Czarnywojtek, Nadia Sawicka-Gutaj, Maciej Bączyk, Katarzyna Ziemnicka, Jakub Fischbach, Kosma Woliński, Jarosław Kaznowski, Elżbieta Wrotkowska, Marek Ruchała
Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP/NET) are unusual and rare neoplasms that present many clinical challenges. They characteristically synthesize store and secrete a variety of peptides and neuroamines which can lead to the development of distinct clinical syndrome, however many are clinically silent until late presentation with mass effects. Management strategies include surgery cure and cytoreduction with the use of somatostatin analogues. Somatostatin have a broad range of biological actions that include inhibition of exocrine and endocrine secretions, gut motility, cell proliferation, cell survival and angiogenesis...
April 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505018/the-variation-of-the-5-hydroxytryptamine-system-between-chronic-unpredictable-mild-stress-rats-and-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-rats-induced-by-forced-treadmill-running
#7
Yin Cao, Qinglin Li
The aim of this study was to observe the variation in the 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) system between a chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) model and a chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) model. The total distance, the crossing pieces, and rearing times in the open-field test of the CUMS group and the CFS group were all less than those of the control group to different degrees. The concentrations of tryptophan, 5-HT, and 5-HIAA of the CUMS group were obviously lower than those of the control group. In the CFS model, the concentrations of tryptophan, 5-HT, and 5-HIAA were obviously higher than those of the control group...
May 12, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464233/incidence-and-prognostic-value-of-serotonin-secretion-in-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumours
#8
Wouter T Zandee, Roxanne C S van Adrichem, Kimberly Kamp, Richard A Feelders, Marie-Louise F van Velthuysen, Wouter W de Herder
BACKGROUND: Serotonin secretion occurs in approximately 1-4% of patients with a pancreatic neuroendocrine tumour (PNET), but the incidence is not well defined. The aim of this study is to determine the incidence of serotonin secretion with and without carcinoid syndrome, and the prognostic value for overall survival (OS). METHODS: Data were collected from 255 patients with a PNET if 24-hour urinary 5-hydroxyindoleacitic acid excretion (5-HIAA) was assessed. Patients were diagnosed with serotonin secretion if 24-hour urinary 5-HIAA excretion was more than 3x the upper limit of normal (ULN) of 50 μmol/24 hours during follow-up...
May 2, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460516/neuroendocrine-dysregulation-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-patients-a-pilot-study
#9
Cristina Stasi, Massimo Bellini, Dario Gambaccini, Emiliano Duranti, Nicola de Bortoli, Bernardo Fani, Eleonora Albano, Salvatore Russo, Isabella Sudano, Giacomo Laffi, Stefano Taddei, Santino Marchi, Rosa Maria Bruno
Background/Aims: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a multifactorial disorder, involving dysregulation of brain-gut axis. Our aim was to evaluate the neuroendocrine activity in IBS. Methods: Thirty IBS and 30 healthy subjects were enrolled. Psychological symptoms were evaluated by questionnaires. Urinary 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), plasma serotonin, endothelin, neuropeptide Y (NPY), plasma, and urinary cortisol levels were evaluated. Fourteen IBS subjects underwent microneurography to obtain multiunit recordings of efferent postganglionic muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA)...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454575/ziziphi-spinosae-lily-powder-suspension-in-the-treatment-of-depression-like-behaviors-in-rats
#10
Yifang Wang, Mei Huang, Xinyi Lu, Runze Wei, Jinyong Xu
BACKGROUND: Depression is a chronic, recurring and potentially life-threatening illness. Current treatments for depression are characterized by a low success rate and associated with a wide variety of side effects. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the behavioral anti-depressant effect of a novel herbal compounds named ziziphi spinosae lily powder suspension, as well as to investigate its potential mechanisms. METHODS: Except for body weight, depressive-like behaviors were also evaluated using forced swimming test, sucrose consumption test and open field test...
April 28, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427516/prognostic-and-predictive-biomarkers-in-neuroendocrine-tumours
#11
REVIEW
David L Chan, Stephen J Clarke, Connie I Diakos, Paul J Roach, Dale L Bailey, Simron Singh, Nick Pavlakis
Neuroendocrine tumours are extremely heterogeneous malignancies. Despite marked heterogeneity in clinical course and prognosis, few biomarkers exist to help predict prognosis and guide treatment. Many tumour-based biomarkers (Ki-67, mitotic count, genetic/epigenetic changes and microRNAs) exist, but only Ki-67 and mitotic count have strong evidence to support their routine use. Blood-based markers are easily repeatable, but currently established biomarkers (chromogranin A and urinary 5-HIAA) are difficult to measure accurately in practice...
May 2017: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422824/pancreatic-carcinoids-serotonin-producing-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-neoplasms-report-of-5-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
REVIEW
Nikolaos Tsoukalas, Eleftherios Chatzellis, Dimitra Rontogianni, Krystallenia I Alexandraki, Georgios Boutzios, Anna Angelousi, Gregory Kaltsas
INTRODUCTION: Pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (pNENs) are relatively rare tumors representing 1% to 2% of all pancreatic neoplasms. These tumors can secrete a variety of biologically active substances giving rise to distinct clinical symptoms or can be clinically nonfunctioning. Apart from insulinomas and gastrinomas, which constitute the majority of functioning pNENs, some tumors may secrete serotonin presenting with the features of the carcinoid syndrome. These so-called pancreatic carcinoids are considered relatively rare tumors and are associated with increased urinary levels of 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA)...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412215/involvement-of-serotonergic-noradrenergic-and-dopaminergic-systems-in-the-antidepressant-like-effect-of-ginsenoside-rb1-a-major-active-ingredient-of-panax-ginseng-c-a-meyer
#13
Guo-Li Wang, Zhong-Mei He, Hong-Yan Zhu, Yu-Gang Gao, Yan Zhao, He Yang, Liangxue Zhang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY RELEVANCE: Ginsenoside Rb1, a 20 (S)-protopanaxadiol, is a major active ingredient of Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer, which as the King of Chinese herbs, has been wildly used for the treatment of central nervous system diseases. Previous studies have shown that 20 (S)-protopanaxadiol possesses a novel antidepressant-like effect in the treatment of depression, whereas ginsenoside Rb1 in depression has been rarely reported. AIM OF THE REVIEW: The present study was to investigate the antidepressant-like effect of ginsenoside Rb1 and its relevant mechanisms...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407315/drugs-with-antidepressant-properties-affect-tryptophan-metabolites-differently-in-rodent-models-with-depression-like-behavior
#14
Amanda Eskelund, Yan Li, David P Budac, Heidi K Müller, Maria Gulinello, Connie Sanchez, Gregers Wegener
The metabolism of tryptophan through kynurenine and serotonin pathways is linked to depression. Here, effects of different drugs with antidepressant properties (vortioxetine, fluoxetine, and ketamine) on various tryptophan metabolites in different brain regions and plasma were examined using tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), in Flinders Sensitive Line rats, a genetic rat model of depression, and its controls: Flinders Sensitive Line and Sprague-Dawley rats. Protein levels of kynurenine pathway enzymes were measured in the brains and livers of these rat strains...
July 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363472/surgical-management-and-surveillance-of-pediatric-appendiceal-carcinoid-tumor
#15
Inna N Lobeck, Neelum Jeste, James Geller, Joseph Pressey, Daniel von Allmen
PURPOSE: Appendiceal carcinoid tumors are rare neuroendocrine neoplasms. The aim of this study was to determine if postoperative oncologic follow-up was necessary for this tumor. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of patients with appendiceal carcinoid 2000-2015. RESULTS: 8382 patients underwent appendectomy 2000-2015. 30 (0.3%) had appendiceal carcinoid. 70% were female (n=21) with an average age of 13.5±2.8 years (range 8-18)...
June 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319500/clinical-response-profile-of-metastatic-advanced-pulmonary-neuroendocrine-tumors-to-peptide-receptor-radionuclide-therapy-with-177lu-dotatate
#16
Rahul V Parghane, Sanjay Talole, Kumar Prabhash, Sandip Basu
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to perform multiparametric response assessment of metastatic/advanced pulmonary neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) to Lu-DOTATATE peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) (clinical, biochemical, molecular/structural imaging, and survival assessment) and to study the relationship between response, mortality, and overall survival with dual-tracer molecular imaging parameters. METHODS: Twenty-two patients (6 women, 16 men; median age, 44 years; range, 16-72 years) of histopathologically proven pulmonary NETs with metastatic/advanced disease were included and analyzed retrospectively...
June 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289088/association-between-neuroendocrine-tumors-biomarkers-and-primary-tumor-site-and-disease-type-based-on-total-68-ga-dotatate-avid-tumor-volume-measurements
#17
Amit Tirosh, Georgios Z Papadakis, Corina Millo, Samira M Sadowski, Peter Herscovitch, Karel Pacak, Stephen J Marx, Lily Yang, Pavel Nockel, Jasmine Shell, Patience Green, Xavier M Keutgen, Dhaval Patel, Naris Nilubol, Electron Kebebew
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between neuroendocrine tumor (NET) biomarker levels and the extent of disease as assessed by (68)Ga DOTATATE PET/CT imaging. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of a prospective database of patients with NETs. METHODS: Fasting plasma chromogranin A (CgA), neuron-specific enolase (NSE), gastrin, glucagon, vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and pancreatic polypeptide (PP), and 24-h urinary 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) levels were measured...
May 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270756/role-of-the-lateral-habenula-in-pain-associated-depression
#18
Yanhui Li, Yumeng Wang, Chengluan Xuan, Yang Li, Lianhua Piao, Jicheng Li, Hua Zhao
Patients with chronic pain have significantly higher incidences of depression and anxiety than the average person. However, the mechanism underlying this link has not been elucidated in terms of how chronic pain causes significant mood changes and further develops into severe anxiety or depression. The serotonergic system in the raphe nuclei is an important component in both pain processing and the pathogenesis of depression. Since the lateral habenular nucleus (LHb) controls the raphe nuclei, it may participate in the regulation of pain-associated depression...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267211/retrospective-review-of-serotonergic-medication-tolerability-in-patients-with-neuroendocrine-tumors-with-biochemically-proven-carcinoid-syndrome
#19
Diana D Shi, David P Yuppa, Trevor Dutton, Lauren K Brais, Sarah L Minden, Ilana M Braun, Matthew H Kulke, Jennifer A Chan, Fremonta L Meyer
BACKGROUND: Patients with carcinoid tumors frequently could benefit from the pharmacologic treatment of depression and anxiety. However, many prescribers avoid serotonergic medications due to the theoretical risk of exacerbating carcinoid syndrome. METHODS: The authors conducted a retrospective chart review of patients with carcinoid tumors and elevated serotonin levels (as measured by 24-hour urine 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid [5-HIAA]) at Dana-Farber/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center who initiated treatment with serotonergic antidepressants after a carcinoid diagnosis from 2003 to 2016...
March 7, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257895/serotonin-regulation-in-a-rat-model-of-exercise-induced-chronic-fatigue
#20
Zhandong Liu, Yanjue Wu, Tianhui Liu, Ren Li, Minhao Xie
This study investigated the mechanisms underlying regulation of the serotonin system in the rat brain during exercise-induced chronic fatigue. High-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) was performed to measure serum tryptophan of the fatigued rat. HPLC was conducted to measure 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) in the frontal cortex and hippocampus. In addition, 5-HT1A receptor and 5-HT transporter (5-HTT) mRNA expressions were measured at the same locations using real-time PCR...
February 28, 2017: Neuroscience
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