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lecithin, memory

Wen-Bin Zhou, Jin-Song Gong, Hai-Juan Hou, Heng Li, Zhen-Ming Lu, Hong-Yu Xu, Zheng-Hong Xu, Jin-Song Shi
Phosphatidylserine (PS) is useful as the additive in industries for memory improvement, mood enhancement and drug delivery. Conventionally, PS was extracted from soybeans, vegetable oils, egg yolk, and biomass; however, their low availability and high extraction cost were limiting factors. Phospholipase D (PLD) is a promising tool for enzymatic synthesis of PS due to its transphosphatidylation activity. In this contribution, a new and uncharacterized PLD was first obtained from GenBank database via genome mining strategy...
January 1, 2018: Bioengineered
David J Gasper, Brandon Neldner, Erin H Plisch, Hani Rustom, Emily Carrow, Hirotaka Imai, Yoshihiro Kawaoka, M Suresh
CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) are critical for clearing many viral infections, and protective CTL memory can be induced by vaccination with attenuated viruses and vectors. Non-replicating vaccines are typically potentiated by the addition of adjuvants that enhance humoral responses, however few are capable of generating CTL responses. Adjuplex is a carbomer-lecithin-based adjuvant demonstrated to elicit robust humoral immunity to non-replicating antigens. We report that mice immunized with non-replicating Adjuplex-adjuvanted vaccines generated robust antigen-specific CTL responses...
December 2016: PLoS Pathogens
Lei Dai, Cuixia Sun, Di Wang, Yanxiang Gao
Lecithin, a naturally small molecular surfactant, which is widely used in the food industry, can delay aging, enhance memory, prevent and treat diabetes. The interaction between zein and soy lecithin with different mass ratios (20:1, 10:1, 5:1, 3:1, 2:1, 1:1 and 1:2) in ethanol-water solution and characterisation of zein and lecithin composite colloidal nanoparticles prepared by antisolvent co-precipitation method were investigated. The mean size of zein-lecithin composite colloidal nanoparticles was firstly increased with the rise of lecithin concentration and then siginificantly decreased...
2016: PloS One
Miao-Miao Zhou, Yong Xue, Shu-Hong Sun, Min Wen, Zhao-Jie Li, Jie Xu, Jing-Feng Wang, Teruyoshi Yanagita, Yu-Ming Wang, Chang-Hu Xue
BACKGROUND: Phosphatidylcholine (PC), the major source of dietary choline, has been demonstrated to improve the capability of learning and memory in rodent and the amelioration of long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) on anti-aging and anti-oxidation is widely known as well. In this study, three kinds of PC were chose to demonstrate the role of different fatty acids composition on glycerol backbone in improving the brain function of mice induced by scopolamine which was used to impair cholinergic system and cause oxidative stress...
August 24, 2016: Lipids in Health and Disease
Margret I Moré, Ulla Freitas, David Rutenberg
INTRODUCTION: We report previously unpublished, early pilot studies performed with a brain-health food supplement containing a proprietary blend of 100 mg phosphatidylserine (PS) and 80 mg phosphatidic acid (PA) produced from soy lecithin. METHODS: Serum analysis after single PS+PA ingestion was performed in healthy volunteers. A 3-month double-blind, placebo-controlled study assessed the influence of three PS+PA capsules/day, (300 mg PS + 240 mg PA/day) or placebo on memory and mood in functioning, non-depressive elderly people with memory problems, using the Wechsler Memory Scale and the List of Depressive Symptoms...
December 2014: Advances in Therapy
Bombi Lee, Bong-Jun Sur, Jeong-Jun Han, Insop Shim, Song Her, Yang-Seok Lee, Hye-Jung Lee, Dae-Hyun Hahm
Recently, lecithin-derived phosphatidylserine (PS), which originates from marine life, has received much attention as a viable alternative to bovine cerebral cortex PS. In this study, the use of squid phosphatidylcholine-transphosphatidylated PS (SQ-PS) was evaluated through examination of its ameliorating effects on age-associated learning and memory deficits in rats. Aged rats were orally administered SQ-PS (10, 20, or 50 mg/kg per day) once a day for seven days 30 min prior to behavioral assessment in a Morris water maze...
January 2, 2015: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
Adam Ambroziak, Grazyna Cichosz
Almost the all milk fat is closed inside fat globules possessing envelope of phospholipids, glycosphingolipids, cholesterols and proteins. Phospholipids of milk are composed of phosphatidylcholine (lecithin), phosphatidylethanolamine (kefalin), sphingomyelin, also phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylserine and lizophosphatidylcholine (lizolecithin) and make 30% of the milk fat globule membrane. Phospholipids possess pro-health properties. They act neuroprotectively, regulate brain activity, improve memory and resistance to stress, reduce depression risk, Alzheimer and Parkinson diseases...
January 2013: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Yukiko Ueda, Ming-Fu Wang, Amalia Veronica Irei, Nobuko Sarukura, Tohru Sakai, Tzu-Fang Hsu
The senescence-accelerated mouse (SAMP8) is an animal model used in studies of aging. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of different types of dietary lipids on longevity and age-related deterioration in memory in SAMP8 mice. Eight-month-old mice were fed diets with 5% lard (Lard group), 5% soybean oil (Soy group), 2% lecithin +3% soybean oil (Lecithin+Soy group) or 2% fish oil+3% soybean oil (Fish+Soy group), and learning and memory were examined by passive avoidance test at 8 and 10 mo of age...
2011: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
Chao Wang, Maureen A Kane, Joseph L Napoli
All-trans-retinoic acid (atRA) stimulates neurogenesis, dendritic growth of hippocampal neurons, and higher cognitive functions, such as spatial learning and memory formation. Although astrocyte-derived atRA has been considered a key factor in neurogenesis, little direct evidence identifies hippocampus cell types and the enzymes that biosynthesize atRA. Here we show that primary rat astrocytes, but not neurons, biosynthesize atRA using multiple retinol dehydrogenases (Rdh) of the short chain dehydrogenase/reductase gene family and retinaldehyde dehydrogenases (Raldh)...
February 25, 2011: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Akito Kato-Kataoka, Masashi Sakai, Rika Ebina, Chiaki Nonaka, Tsuguyoshi Asano, Takashi Miyamori
Soybean-derived phosphatidylserine (Soy-PS) is a phosphatidylserine made from soybean lecithin by enzymatic reaction with L-serine. A double-blind, randomized controlled study was conducted to investigate the effects of Soy-PS on the cognitive functions of the elderly Japanese subjects with memory complaints. Seventy-eight elderly people with mild cognitive impairment (50-69 years old) were randomly allocated to take Soy-PS (100 mg, 300 mg/day) or placebo for 6 months. As a result, there was no difference in blood markers and vital signs during Soy-PS treatment and any side effect caused by Soy-PS treatment was not observed...
November 2010: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
Ting Zhang, Hengyan Qu, Xuling Li, Baoquan Zhao, Jianping Zhou, Qian Li, Manji Sun
For a long time, people have been looking forward to being able to clinically deliver bio-drugs systemically by a noninvasive method. Here, we show that a synthetic peptide, TD (ACSSSPSKHCG) was efficient in transferring human growth hormone (GH) across various kinds of membranes and the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in vivo via rectal administration, resulting in elevation of GH level in serum, acetylcholine and O-choline acetyltransferase activities and GH /IGF-1 contents in brain tissues, manifesting great therapeutic effects on chronic age-related dementia in mice and ameliorating neuronal damage in the brain...
December 2010: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Aron M Troen, Wei-Hsun Chao, Natalia A Crivello, Kristen E D'Anci, Barbara Shukitt-Hale, Don E Smith, Jacob Selhub, Irwin H Rosenberg
Poor folate status is associated with cognitive decline and dementia in older adults. Although impaired brain methylation activity and homocysteine toxicity are widely thought to account for this association, how folate deficiency impairs cognition is uncertain. To better define the role of folate deficiency in cognitive dysfunction, we fed rats folate-deficient diets (0 mg FA/kg diet) with or without supplemental L-methionine for 10 wk, followed by cognitive testing and tissue collection for hematological and biochemical analysis...
December 2008: Journal of Nutrition
F Amenta, S K Tayebati
Acetylcholine (ACh) is a neurotransmitter widely diffused in central, peripheral, autonomic and enteric nervous system. This paper has reviewed the main mechanisms of ACh synthesis, storage, and release. Presynaptic choline transport supports ACh production and release, and cholinergic terminals express a unique transporter critical for neurotransmitter release. Neurons cannot synthesize choline, which is ultimately derived from the diet and is delivered through the blood stream. ACh released from cholinergic synapses is hydrolyzed by acetylcholinesterase into choline and acetyl coenzyme A and almost 50% of choline derived from ACh hydrolysis is recovered by a high-affinity choline transporter...
2008: Current Medicinal Chemistry
Pascale Montpied, Nicole Domingo, Michèle Senft, Henri Portugal, Pierre Petit, Françoise Chanussot
Cyclosporine A (CsA), a common immunosuppressive agent, produces hyperlipidemia and apolipoprotein profile alterations in plasma as well as neurological and psychiatric complications. In rats, 10 mg CsA/kg/d treatments for 3 wk induce alterations of the electroencephalogram, and of the blood and brain lipids. Using this model, we evaluated whether triacylglycerol (TG)- and lecithin (PC)-enriched diets, reported to decrease epileptic episodes (TG) and to improve memory, could modify the effects of CsA treatment on brain lipids and possibly change apolipoprotein (apo) E and apoJ gene expression...
January 2005: Lipids
H P Volz, U Hehnke, W Hauke
Lecithin, a precursor of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, has a positive effect on brain and memory functions. In a prospective, randomized, double-blind study, the effect of buerlecithin fluid (BLF) was investigated in comparison with placebo in patients with mild cognitive disorders. A total of 96 ambulatory patients (> 55 years) were admitted to the study. Treatment duration was 84 days. In both treatment groups, a clear improvement in all the cognitive parameters tested was seen. The main target measure, the overall Sandoz Clinical Assessment Geriatric (SCAG) score improved by 18...
December 9, 2004: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
Samwoong Rho, Moonkyu Kang, Boeop Choi, Daesik Sim, Jinwoo Lee, Euna Lee, Chongwoon Cho, Jung-Wan Oh, Seongkyu Park, Seonggyu Ko, Minkyu Shin, Moochang Hong, Hyunsu Bae
The herbal extract Yukmijihwang-tang (YMJ) has been widely used for centuries as an anti-aging herbal medicine in Asian countries. Among the various modified prescriptions of YMJ, YMJ derivatives (YMJd) were formulated to enhance memory retention. This study has three goals: 1) to quantitatively evaluate the memory-enhancing effect of YMJd using behavior tasks; 2) to use cDNA micro-array tools to identify candidate genes responsible for enhancing memory; and 3) to statistically evaluate the specific gene expression patterns using Real-time PCR...
January 2005: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
David Benton, Rachael T Donohoe
It is accepted that acetylcholine-mediated neurones modulate memory. As lecithin, carnitine and glucose all influence acetylcholine metabolism, the possibility of synergistic interactions was considered. Four hundred young adult females randomly, and under a double-blind procedure, received capsules for 3 days that contained a placebo, lecithin (1.6 g/day), carnitine (500 mg/day) or carnitine plus lecithin. A battery of cognitive tests was administered prior to taking the capsules, after 3 days of taking the supplements, and for a third time after consuming either a glucose drink or a placebo...
August 2004: Psychopharmacology
J P T Higgins, L Flicker
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease sufferers have been found to have a lack of the enzyme responsible for converting choline into acetylcholine within the brain. Lecithin is a major dietary source of choline, so extra consumption may reduce the progression of dementia. OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of lecithin in the treatment of dementia or cognitive impairment. SEARCH STRATEGY: The Cochrane Dementia and Cognitive Improvement Group's Specialized Register was searched on 15 May 2002 using the terms lecithin and phosphaditylcholine...
2003: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Maria De Jesus Moreno Moreno
BACKGROUND: Parallel with the development of hypotheses regarding cholinergic involvement in geriatric memory dysfunction, the first attempts to treat patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) involved the cholinergic-precursor loading approach. Despite encouraging early results, well-controlled clinical trials did not confirm a clinical utility of cholinergic precursors such as choline and lecithin (phosphatidylcholine) in AD. OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the efficacy and tolerability of the cholinergic precursor choline alfoscerate (CA) in the treatment of cognitive impairment due to mild to moderate AD...
January 2003: Clinical Therapeutics
Allan L Bernstein, Ann Werlin
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of dementing syndrome resulting from ibuprofen use. CASE SUMMARY: A 76-year-old white man with normal mental status became confused, was lost in familiar places, and showed short-term memory loss after beginning a therapeutic regimen of ibuprofen 600 mg 3 times daily for osteoarthritis in anticipation of embarking on a foreign trip. Symptoms of dementia began within 1 week after taking ibuprofen and resolved completely within 1 week after the ibuprofen regimen was stopped...
January 2003: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
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