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Rajneesh Srivastava, Gungor Budak, Soma Dash, Salil A Lachke, Sarath Chandra Janga
Lens development involves a complex and highly orchestrated regulatory program. Here, we investigate the transcriptomic alterations and splicing events during mouse lens formation using RNA-seq data from multiple developmental stages, and construct a molecular portrait of known and novel transcripts. We show that the extent of novelty of expressed transcripts decreases significantly in post-natal lens compared to embryonic stages. Characterization of novel transcripts into partially novel transcripts (PNTs) and completely novel transcripts (CNTs) (novelty score ≥ 70%) revealed that the PNTs are both highly conserved across vertebrates and highly expressed across multiple stages...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
Travis C Jackson, Shawn E Kotermanski, Patrick M Kochanek
RNA binding motif 5 (RBM5) is a nuclear protein that modulates gene transcription and mRNA splicing in cancer cells. The brain is among the highest RBM5-expressing organ in the body but its mRNA target(s) or functions in the CNS have not been elucidated. Here we knocked down (KO) RBM5 in primary rat cortical neurons and analyzed total RNA extracts by gene microarray vs. neurons transduced with lentivirus to deliver control (non-targeting) shRNA. The mRNA levels of Sec23A (involved in ER-Golgi transport) and the small GTPase Rab4a (involved in endocytosis/protein trafficking) were increased in RBM5 KO neurons relative to controls...
October 11, 2017: Neuroscience
Zhi-Gang Yang, Xu-Dong Ma, Zhao-Hui He, Ying-Xin Guo
OBJECTIVE: miR-483-5p has been identified as a miRNA oncogene in certain cancers. However, its role in prostate cancer has not been sufficiently investigated. In this study, we investigated the role of miR-483-5p in prostate cancer and examined RBM5 regulation by miR-483-5p. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Expression levels of miR-483-5p were determined by quantitative real-time PCR. The effect of miR-483-5p on proliferation was evaluated by MTT assay, cell invasion was evaluated by trans-well invasion assays, and target protein expression was determined by western blotting in LNCaP, DU-145, and PC-3 cells...
June 14, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
Julie J Loiselle, Justin G Roy, Leslie C Sutherland
Lung cancers are the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide, with small cell lung cancer (SCLC) being the most aggressive type. At the time of diagnosis, SCLC has usually already metastasized, and an astonishing 95% of patients eventually succumb to the disease. This highlights the need for more effective SCLC screening and treatment options. Interestingly, the earliest and most frequent genetic alteration associated with lung cancers involves a lesion in the region to which the RNA binding protein RBM5 maps...
2017: PloS One
Yue Sun, Yufang Bao, Wenjian Han, Fan Song, Xianfeng Shen, Jiawei Zhao, Ji Zuo, David Saffen, Wei Chen, Zefeng Wang, Xintian You, Yongbo Wang
Mutations in the spliceosomal RNA binding protein RBM10 cause TARP syndrome and are frequently observed in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). We have previously shown that RBM10 enhances exon skipping of its target genes, including its paralog RBM5. Here, we report that RBM10 negatively regulates its own mRNA and protein expression and that of RBM5 by promoting alternative splicing-coupled nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (AS-NMD). Through computational analysis and experimental validation, we identified RBM10-promoted skipping of exon 6 or 12 in RBM10 and exon 6 or 16 in RBM5 as the underlying AS-NMD events...
August 21, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
Yuanpei Jiang, Hongling Sheng, Lei Meng, Hongsheng Yue, Bo Li, Aijun Zhang, Yanan Dong, Yuguang Liu
BACKGROUND: Gliomas are one of the most common malignant brain tumors and bring a big threat to human life as traditional therapy is unsatisfactory. RBM5 was a RNA-binding motif protein and was reported as a tumor suppressor. But the role of RBM5 in gliomas was unknown. METHODS: The mRNA level of RBM5 was determined in gliomas tissues and cell lines by real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) assay while the association of RBM5 expression with prognosis was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier method and compared by log-rank test...
January 6, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
Julie J Loiselle, Justin G Roy, Leslie C Sutherland
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is the most aggressive type of lung cancer, with almost 95% of patients succumbing to the disease. Although RBM5, a tumor suppressor gene, is downregulated in the majority of lung cancers, its role in SCLC is unknown. Using the GLC20 SCLC cell line, which has a homozygous deletion encompassing the RBM5 gene locus, we established stable RBM5 expressing sublines and investigated the effects of RBM5 re-expression. Transcriptome and target identification studies determined that RBM5 directly regulates the cell cycle and apoptosis in SCLC cells, as well as significantly downregulates other important transformation-associated pathways such as angiogenesis and cell adhesion...
November 2016: Heliyon
André Mourão, Sophie Bonnal, Komal Soni, Lisa Warner, Rémy Bordonné, Juan Valcárcel, Michael Sattler
The multi-domain splicing factor RBM5 regulates the balance between antagonistic isoforms of the apoptosis-control genes FAS/CD95, Caspase-2 and AID. An OCRE (OCtamer REpeat of aromatic residues) domain found in RBM5 is important for alternative splicing regulation and mediates interactions with components of the U4/U6.U5 tri-snRNP. We show that the RBM5 OCRE domain adopts a unique β-sheet fold. NMR and biochemical experiments demonstrate that the OCRE domain directly binds to the proline-rich C-terminal tail of the essential snRNP core proteins SmN/B/B'...
November 29, 2016: ELife
Serena Di Cecilia, Fan Zhang, Ana Sancho, SiDe Li, Francesca Aguiló, Yifei Sun, Madhumitha Rengasamy, Weijia Zhang, Luigi Del Vecchio, Francesco Salvatore, Martin J Walsh
Cancer-initiating cells (CIC) undergo asymmetric growth patterns that increase phenotypic diversity and drive selection for chemotherapeutic resistance and tumor relapse. WNT signaling is a hallmark of colon CIC, often caused by APC mutations, which enable activation of β-catenin and MYC Accumulating evidence indicates that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNA) contribute to the stem-like character of colon cancer cells. In this study, we report enrichment of the lncRNA RBM5-AS1/LUST during sphere formation of colon CIC...
October 1, 2016: Cancer Research
C Yang, C Sun, X Liang, S Xie, J Huang, D Li
Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) represents the most common deadly disease. Emerging evidences suggest that abnormal epigenetic modulation via mRNAs and microRNAs (miRNAs) might be involved in the tumorigenesis. To explore novel therapeutic target of NSCLC, a more detailed mRNAs and miRNA expression profiling study is needed. High-quality total RNA including miRNA was isolated from NSCLC tissue and para-carcinoma tissue and used for RNA and small RNA sequencing. Results were analyzed bioinformatically and validated using quantitative real-time (qRT)-PCR...
April 2016: Cancer Gene Therapy
Zhenzhong Su, Ke Wang, Ranwei Li, Jinzhi Yin, Yuqiu Hao, Xuejiao Lv, Junyao Li, Lijing Zhao, Yanwei Du, Ping Li, Jie Zhang
BACKGROUND: Dysfunctions in autophagy and apoptosis are closely interacted and play an important role in cancer development. RNA binding motif 5 (RBM5) is a tumor suppressor gene, which inhibits tumor cells' growth and enhances chemosensitivity through inducing apoptosis in our previous studies. In this study, we investigated the relationship between RBM5 overexpression and autophagy in human lung adenocarcinoma cells. METHODS: Human lung adenocarcinoma cancer (A549) cells were cultured in vitro and were transiently transfected with a RBM5 expressing plasmid (GV287-RBM5) or plasmid with scrambled control sequence...
February 29, 2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
Bartholomew Ozuemba, Twinkle J Masilamani, Julie J Loiselle, Benjamin Koenderink, Kaitlin A Vanderbeck, Jose Knee, Céline Larivière, Leslie C Sutherland
BACKGROUND: Expression and function of the two RNA binding proteins and regulators of alternative splicing, RBM5 and RBM10, have largely been studied in human tissue and cell lines. The objective of the study described herein was to examine their expression in mouse tissue, in order to lay the framework for comprehensive functional studies using mouse models. METHODS: All RNA variants of Rbm5 and Rbm10 were examined in a range of normal primary mouse tissues. RNA and protein were examined in differentiating C2C12 myoblasts and in denervated and dystonin-deficient mouse skeletal muscle...
April 10, 2016: Gene
Xue-Jiao Lv, Yan-Wei Du, Yu-Qiu Hao, Zhen-Zhong Su, Lin Zhang, Li-Jing Zhao, Jie Zhang
Cigarette smoking has been shown to be the most significant risk factor for lung cancer. Recent studies have also indicated that RNA-binding motif protein 5 (RBM5) can modulate apoptosis and suppress tumor growth. The present study focused on the role of RBM5 in the regulation of cigarette smoke extract (CSE)-induced transformation of bronchial epithelial cells into the cancerous phenotype and its mechanism of action. Herein, we exposed normal BEAS-2B cells for 8 days to varying concentrations of CSE or dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO), followed by a recovery period of 2 weeks...
April 2016: Oncology Reports
Bryan T Martin, Pedro Serrano, Michael Geralt, Kurt Wüthrich
The OCtamer REpeat (OCRE) has been annotated as a 42-residue sequence motif with 12 tyrosine residues in the spliceosome trans-regulatory elements RBM5 and RBM10 (RBM [RNA-binding motif]), which are known to regulate alternative splicing of Fas and Bcl-x pre-mRNA transcripts. Nuclear magnetic resonance structure determination showed that the RBM10 OCRE sequence motif is part of a 55-residue globular domain containing 16 aromatic amino acids, which consists of an anti-parallel arrangement of six β strands, with the first five strands containing complete or incomplete Tyr triplets...
January 5, 2016: Structure
Julie J Loiselle, Sarah J Tessier, Leslie C Sutherland
We previously examined the expression of Rbm5 during myoblast differentiation and found significantly more protein in the early stages of skeletal myoblast differentiation than during the later stages. We decided to determine if this elevated level was necessary for differentiation. Our hypothesis was that if high levels of Rbm5 protein expression were necessary for the initiation of skeletal myoblast differentiation, then inhibition of expression would prevent differentiation. Our long-term objective is to inhibit Rbm5 expression and examine the effect on H9c2 differentiation...
March 2016: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
Kyle S Smith, Vinod K Yadav, Brent S Pedersen, Rita Shaknovich, Mark W Geraci, Katherine S Pollard, Subhajyoti De
Cancer-associated somatic mutations outside protein-coding regions remain largely unexplored. Analyses of the TERT locus have indicated that non-coding regulatory mutations can be more frequent than previously suspected and play important roles in oncogenesis. Using a computational method called SASE-hunter, developed here, we identified a novel signature of accelerated somatic evolution (SASE) marked by a significant excess of somatic mutations localized in a genomic locus, and prioritized those loci that carried the signature in multiple cancer patients...
June 23, 2015: Nucleic Acids Research
Yu-Qiu Hao, Zhen-Zhong Su, Xue-Jiao Lv, Ping Li, Peng Gao, Chen Wang, Yue Bai, Jie Zhang
Cigarette smoking is closely associated with various respiratory diseases. Oxidants and carcinogens in cigarettes are reported to induce various airway epithelial injuries. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. The aims of the present study were to determine the involvement of RNA-binding motif protein 5 (RBM5) and Wnt/β-catenin signaling in cigarette smoke-induced alveolar epithelial injury, as well as the interaction between both. A549 cells were treated with cigarette smoke extract (CSE). The MTT assay was used to assess the effects of CSE on cell viability...
May 2015: Oncology Reports
Travis C Jackson, Lina Du, Keri Janesko-Feldman, Vincent A Vagni, Cameron Dezfulian, Samuel M Poloyac, Edwin K Jackson, Robert S B Clark, Patrick M Kochanek
Splicing factors (SFs) coordinate nuclear intron/exon splicing of RNA. Splicing factor disturbances can cause cell death. RNA binding motif 5 (RBM5) and 10 (RBM10) promote apoptosis in cancer cells by activating detrimental alternative splicing of key death/survival genes. The role(s) of RBM5/10 in neurons has not been established. Here, we report that RBM5 knockdown in human neuronal cells decreases caspase activation by staurosporine. In contrast, RBM10 knockdown augments caspase activation. To determine whether brain injury alters RBM signaling, we measured RBM5/10 protein in mouse cortical/hippocampus homogenates after controlled cortical impact (CCI) traumatic brain injury (TBI) plus hemorrhagic shock (CCI+HS)...
April 2015: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Jinlong Zhang, Zhiming Cui, Guijuan Feng, Guofeng Bao, Guanhua Xu, Yuyu Sun, Lingling Wang, Jiajia Chen, Huricha Jin, Jian Liu, Longfei Yang, Weidong Li
RBM5 (RNA-binding motif protein 5), a nuclear RNA binding protein, is known to trigger apoptosis and induce cell cycle arrest by regulating the activity of the tumor suppressor protein p53. However, its expression and function in spinal cord injury (SCI) are still unknown. To investigate whether RBM5 is involved in central nervous system injury and repair, we performed an acute SCI model in adult rats in this study. Our results showed RBM5 was unregulated significantly after SCI, which was accompanied with an increase in the levels of apoptotic proteins such as p53, Bax, and active caspase-3...
March 2015: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Zhenzhong Su, Jinzhi Yin, Lijing Zhao, Ranwei Li, Hong Liang, Jie Zhang, Ke Wang
BACKGROUND: RNA binding motif 5 (RBM5) is a tumor suppressor gene that modulates apoptosis through the regulation of alternative splicing of apoptosis-related genes. Our previous studies suggested that RBM5 expression was negatively correlated with the expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tissues. This study was aimed at determining whether RBM5 is able to regulate EGFR expression. METHODS: Both in vitro and in vivo studies were carried out to determine the effect of RBM5 on the expression of EGFR...
2014: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
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