keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Preterm labour

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430901/synergistic-effect-between-ischaemic-heart-disease-and-common-mental-disorders-and-the-risk-of-premature-exit-from-the-labour-market-a-nationwide-register-based-study-from-sweden
#1
Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz, Torbjörn Ivert, Marjan Vaez, Thomas Ernst Dorner
Aims: Common mental disorders i.e. depressive and anxiety disorders (CMD) are frequent comorbid conditions in individuals with ischaemic heart disease (IHD). Still, their effect on preterm exit from the labour market [i.e. disability pension (DP)] in individuals with IHD has to date not been scrutinized. The aim of this study was to investigate the separate and joint effect of IHD and CMD on the risk of DP for women and men of working age. Material and methods: This population-based cohort study included all non-pensioned 4 823 069 individuals, registered as living in Sweden 31 December 2004 and then 16-64 years of age...
April 18, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429508/immunophenotyping-and-activation-status-of-maternal-peripheral-blood-leukocytes-during-pregnancy-and-labour-both-term-and-preterm
#2
Jianhong Zhang, Oksana Shynlova, Sally Sabra, Annie Bang, Laurent Briollais, Stephen J Lye
The onset of labour in rodents and in humans is associated with physiological inflammation which is manifested by infiltration of activated maternal peripheral leukocytes (mPLs) into uterine tissues. Here, we used flow cytometry to immunophenotype mPLs throughout gestation and labour, both term and preterm. Peripheral blood was collected from non-pregnant women and pregnant women in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd trimesters. Samples were also collected from women in active labour at term (TL) or preterm (PTL) and compared with women term not-in-labour (TNIL) and preterm not-in-labour (PTNIL)...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418339/fetal-nasal-bone-length-as-a-novel-marker-for-prediction-of-adverse-perinatal-outcomes-in-the-first-trimester-of-pregnancy
#3
Mehmet Tunç Canda, Namık Demir, Orçun Sezer
BACKGROUND: Adverse outcomes of pregnancy are a challenging health-care problem. Prediction of adverse pregnancy outcomes is important to prevent the morbidities of the foetus and the mother. AIMS: To study the clinical interest of fetal nasal bone length in predicting adverse pregnancy outcomes in the first trimester of pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: A population-based retrospective cohort study. METHODS: Data from 868 women with first-trimester fetal nasal bone length and birth records available were enrolled...
April 5, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377142/risk-factors-for-preterm-low-birthweight-and-small-for-gestational-age-births-among-aboriginal-women-from-remote-communities-in-northern-australia
#4
Sue V Kildea, Yu Gao, Margaret Rolfe, Jacqueline Boyle, Sally Tracy, Lesley M Barclay
OBJECTIVE: To identify the risk factors for preterm birth, low birthweight and small for gestational age babies among remote-dwelling Aboriginal women. METHODS: The study included 713 singleton births from two large remote Aboriginal communities in Northern Territory, Australia in 2004-2006 (retrospective cohort) and 2009-2011 (prospective cohort). Demographic, pregnancy characteristics, labour and birth outcomes were described. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was conducted and adjusted odds ratios were reported...
April 1, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351025/decidual-bleeding-as-a-cause-of-spontaneous-hemoperitoneum-in-pregnancy-and-risk-of-preterm-birth
#5
Marit C I Lier, Ivo A Brosens, Velja Mijatovic, Marwan Habiba, Giuseppe Benagiano
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous hemoperitoneum in pregnancy (SHiP) is a rare, life-threatening event, particularly relevant to women with endometriosis or deciduosis. METHODS: To determine the type of lesions leading to SHiP, a literature search was conducted among all published SHiP cases. From a total of 1,339 publications, information on pathological findings at the bleeding site with histological data was found in 24 case reports (16 pregnant, 8 postpartum). RESULTS: Among pregnant women (81% primigravida), 75% had a diagnosis of endometriosis and 25% of deciduosis...
March 29, 2017: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350838/function-and-failure-of-the-fetal-membrane-modelling-the-mechanics-of-the-chorion-and-amnion
#6
Stefaan W Verbruggen, Michelle L Oyen, Andrew T M Phillips, Niamh C Nowlan
The fetal membrane surrounds the fetus during pregnancy and is a thin tissue composed of two layers, the chorion and the amnion. While rupture of this membrane normally occurs at term, preterm rupture can result in increased risk of fetal mortality and morbidity, as well as danger of infection in the mother. Although structural changes have been observed in the membrane in such cases, the mechanical behaviour of the human fetal membrane in vivo remains poorly understood and is challenging to investigate experimentally...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349516/outcomes-and-predictive-tests-from-a-dedicated-specialist-clinic-for-women-at-high-risk-of-preterm-labour-a-ten-year-audit
#7
Kelly Hughes, Shirlene Sim, Alina Roman, Kasia Michalak, Stefan Kane, Penelope Sheehan
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth continues to be a major cause of infant morbidity and mortality worldwide, but advances have recently been made in its prediction and prevention. A short cervix (<25 mm) in the second trimester on transvaginal ultrasound scan and fetal fibronectin are important predictive tests. For over ten years, the Preterm Labour Clinic at the Royal Women's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia has provided care for women at high risk of preterm birth, including those with a previous preterm birth, previous cervical surgery, uterine malformation or incidental finding of short cervix at routine ultrasound...
March 28, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337828/tradd-traf2-rip1-and-tak1-are-required-for-tnf-%C3%AE-induced-pro-labour-mediators-in-human-primary-myometrial-cells
#8
Ratana Lim, Gillian Barker, Martha Lappas
PROBLEM: TNF-α plays a central role in the processes of human labour and delivery. This study sought to determine the role of the adaptor proteins TNFR1-associated death domain protein (TRADD), TNF receptor-associated factor 2 (TRAF2), receptor interacting protein 1 (RIP1) and transforming growth factor beta-activated kinase 1 (TAK1) in TNF-α-induced formation of pro-labour mediators. METHOD OF STUDY: Human primary myometrial cells were transfected with siRNA against TRADD (siTRADD), TRAF2 (siTRAF2), RIP1 (siRIP1) or TAK1 (siTAK1), treated with TNF-α, and assayed for pro-inflammatory mediators expression...
March 24, 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333279/inhibition-of-pim1-kinase-attenuates-inflammation-induced-pro-labour-mediators-in-human-fetal-membranes-in-vitro
#9
Ratana Lim, Gillian Barker, Martha Lappas
STUDY QUESTION: Does proviral integration site for Moloney murine leukemic virus (PIM)1 kinase play a role in regulating the inflammatory processes of human labour and delivery? SUMMARY ANSWER: PIM1 kinase plays a critical role in fetal membranes in regulating pro-inflammatory and pro-labour mediators. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Infection and inflammation have strong causal links to preterm delivery by stimulating pro-inflammatory cytokines and collagen degrading enzymes, which can lead to rupture of membranes...
March 9, 2017: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321847/antenatal-corticosteroids-for-accelerating-fetal-lung-maturation-for-women-at-risk-of-preterm-birth
#10
REVIEW
Devender Roberts, Julie Brown, Nancy Medley, Stuart R Dalziel
BACKGROUND: Respiratory morbidity including respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is a serious complication of preterm birth and the primary cause of early neonatal mortality and disability. While researching the effects of the steroid dexamethasone on premature parturition in fetal sheep in 1969, Liggins found that there was some inflation of the lungs of lambs born at gestations at which the lungs would be expected to be airless. Liggins and Howie published the first randomised controlled trial in humans in 1972 and many others followed...
March 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320236/prevention-of-early-onset-group-b-streptococcal-disease-by-universal-antenatal-culture-based-screening-in-all-public-hospitals-in-hong-kong
#11
Teresa W L Ma, Viola Chan, C H So, Annie S Y Hui, C N Lee, Amelia P W Hui, P L So, C W Kong, Barbara Fung, K Y Leung
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of maternal colonization with group B streptococcus (GBS), and early onset GBS disease (EOGBSD) after implementation of universal screening. METHODS: This was a three-year retrospective cohort study on universal antenatal rectovaginal culture-based screening and intrapartum antimicrobial prophylaxis (IAP) to colonized women in the public sector in Hong Kong. Routinely collected data including maternal colonization and EOGBSD were retrieved...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316639/feature-extraction-and-classification-of-ehg-between-pregnancy-and-labour-group-using-hilbert-huang-transform-and-extreme-learning-machine
#12
Lili Chen, Yaru Hao
Preterm birth (PTB) is the leading cause of perinatal mortality and long-term morbidity, which results in significant health and economic problems. The early detection of PTB has great significance for its prevention. The electrohysterogram (EHG) related to uterine contraction is a noninvasive, real-time, and automatic novel technology which can be used to detect, diagnose, or predict PTB. This paper presents a method for feature extraction and classification of EHG between pregnancy and labour group, based on Hilbert-Huang transform (HHT) and extreme learning machine (ELM)...
2017: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306562/chlamydia-trachomatis-and-chlamydia-like-bacteria-new-enemies-of-human-pregnancies
#13
Anne Ammerdorffer, Miloš Stojanov, Gilbert Greub, David Baud
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review provides an update on the roles of Chlamydia trachomatis and the related Waddlia chondrophila and Parachlamydia acanthamoebae in miscarriage, stillbirths and preterm labour in humans. A broad audience, including microbiologist, infectiologists, obstetricians and gynaecologists, should be aware of the potential threat of these Chlamydiales for human reproduction. RECENT FINDINGS: Despite increasing laboratory techniques and possibilities to perform diagnostic tests, the cause of miscarriage is only identified in 50% of the cases...
March 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285555/factors-affecting-the-rates-of-caesarean-sections-in-cases-with-premature-rupture-of-membranes-prom-at-term
#14
Muberra Namli Kalem, Aydın Köşüş, Zeynep Kamalak, Nermin Köşüş, Ziya Kalem
The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the factors affecting the rates of caesarean section in cases with premature rupture of membranes (PROM) in term pregnancies. Eighty-two term PROM patients who presented to Turgut Ozal University and Erzurum Nene Hatun Hospitals between 2012 and 2014 were included. The effects of demographics, nulliparity, active-latent phase durations, presence of meconium and chorioamnionitis, requirement of oxytocin and cervical dilation at the initial examination on C/S rates were assessed...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284877/midwifery-continuity-of-carer-in-an-area-of-high-socio-economic-disadvantage-in-london-a-retrospective-analysis-of-albany-midwifery-practice-outcomes-using-routine-data-1997-2009
#15
Caroline Se Homer, Nicky Leap, Nadine Edwards, Jane Sandall
OBJECTIVE: in 1997, The Albany Midwifery Practice was established within King's College Hospital NHS Trust in a South East London area of high social disadvantage. The Albany midwives provided continuity of care to around 216 women per year, including those with obstetric, medical or social risk factors. In 2009, the Albany Midwifery Practice was closed in response to concerns about safety, amidst much publicity and controversy. The aim of this evaluation was to examine trends and outcomes for all mothers and babies who received care from the practice from 1997-2009...
February 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277132/maternal-serum-cytokine-levels-in-pregnancies-complicated-with-threatened-preterm-labour
#16
Alejandra Herrera-Muñoz, Ana M Fernández-Alonso, Natalia Fischer-Suárez, Peter Chedraui, Faustino R Pérez-López
OBJECTIVE: To investigate serum inflammatory markers in singleton gestations complicated with threatened preterm labour (TPL). METHODS: Pregnant women complicated with TPL (n = 61) were recruited to measure maternal serum levels of a panel of cytokines and C-reactive protein and then compared to controls without TPL, matched for gestational age (n = 64) and term pregnancies in the prodromal phase of labour (PPL) (n = 31). In addition, baseline cytokine levels were compared among cases and controls according to the outcome...
February 21, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262917/bed-rest-with-and-without-hospitalisation-in-multiple-pregnancy-for-improving-perinatal-outcomes
#17
REVIEW
Katharina da Silva Lopes, Yo Takemoto, Erika Ota, Shinji Tanigaki, Rintaro Mori
BACKGROUND: Strict or partial bed rest in hospital or at home is commonly recommended for women with multiple pregnancy to improve pregnancy outcomes. In order to advise women to rest in bed for any length of time, a policy for clinical practice needs to be supported by reliable evidence and weighed against possible adverse effects resulting from prolonged activity restriction. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review is to assess the effectiveness of bed rest in hospital or at home to improve perinatal outcomes in women with a multiple pregnancy...
March 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257562/planned-early-birth-versus-expectant-management-for-women-with-preterm-prelabour-rupture-of-membranes-prior-to-37-weeks-gestation-for-improving-pregnancy-outcome
#18
REVIEW
Diana M Bond, Philippa Middleton, Kate M Levett, David P van der Ham, Caroline A Crowther, Sarah L Buchanan, Jonathan Morris
BACKGROUND: Current management of preterm prelabour rupture of the membranes (PPROM) involves either initiating birth soon after PPROM or, alternatively, adopting a 'wait and see' approach (expectant management). It is unclear which strategy is most beneficial for mothers and their babies. This is an update of a Cochrane review published in 2010 (Buchanan 2010). OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of planned early birth versus expectant management for women with preterm prelabour rupture of the membranes between 24 and 37 weeks' gestation for fetal, infant and maternal well being...
March 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238291/modelling-the-risk-factors-for-birth-weight-in-twin-gestations-a-quantile-regression-approach
#19
A John Michael, Belavendra Antonisamy, S Mahasampath Gowri, Ramasami Prakash
Birth weight is used as a proxy for the general health condition of newborns. Low birth weight leads to adverse events and its effects on child growth are both short- and long-term. Low birth weight babies are more common in twin gestations. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of maternal and socio-demographic risk factors at various quantiles of the birth weight distribution for twin gestations using quantile regression, a robust semi-parametric technique. Birth records of multiple pregnancies from between 1991 and 2005 were identified retrospectively from the birth registry of the Christian Medical College and hospitals in Vellore, India...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205207/home-uterine-monitoring-for-detecting-preterm-labour
#20
REVIEW
Christine Urquhart, Rosemary Currell, Francoise Harlow, Liz Callow
BACKGROUND: To reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with preterm birth, home uterine activity monitoring aims for early detection of increased contraction frequency, and early intervention with tocolytic drugs to inhibit labour and prolong pregnancy. However, the effectiveness of such monitoring is disputed. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether home uterine activity monitoring is effective in improving the outcomes for women and their infants considered to be at high risk of preterm birth, when compared with care that does not include home uterine activity monitoring...
February 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
keyword
keyword
8495
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"