keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Intrauterine growth restriction

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023467/dietary-lactoferrin-supplementation-to-gilts-during-gestation-and-lactation-improves-pig-production-and-immunity
#1
Marefa Jahan, Susie Kracht, Yen Ho, Ziaul Haque, Birendra N Bhattachatyya, Peter C Wynn, Bing Wang
Lactoferrin (LF), a sialylated iron-binding glycoprotein, performs multiple beneficial functions including modulating immunity and improves neurodevelopment, health and growth performance. Maternal LF intervention for gilts (first parity sows) on the performance of gilts and their offspring remains unknown. In the current study gilts were fed with a commercial pig feed supplemented with 1g LF /day (treatment group) or 1g milk casein/day (control group) from day 1 post mating throughout pregnancy and lactation for about 135 days...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020825/the-yield-of-the-prenatal-work-up-in-intrauterine-growth-restriction-and-the-spectrum-of-fetal-abnormalities-detected-postnatally
#2
Rivka Sukenik-Halevy, Adi Katz, Rivka Regev, Ofer Markovitch, Reuven Sharony, Yael Ganor Paz, Tal Biron-Shental
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the yield of work-up in intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) pregnancies and their outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective data regarding prenatal work-up (serology, genetic testing and imaging), and neonatal outcomes of 198 IUGR pregnancies (estimated fetal weight < 10th percentile) were analyzed. RESULTS: IUGR was isolated in 72. Work-up performed in 158 (80%) cases was positive in 4 (2.5%). No abnormalities were detected in prenatal genetic testing...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020672/early-environmental-enrichment-enhances-abnormal-brain-connectivity-in-a-rabbit-model-of-intrauterine-growth-restriction
#3
Miriam Illa, Verónica Brito, Laura Pla, Elisenda Eixarch, Ariadna Arbat-Plana, Dafnis Batallé, Emma Muñoz-Moreno, Fatima Crispi, Esther Udina, Francesc Figueras, Silvia Ginés, Eduard Gratacós
INTRODUCTION: The structural correspondence of neurodevelopmental impairments related to intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) that persists later in life remains elusive. Moreover, early postnatal stimulation strategies have been proposed to mitigate these effects. Long-term brain connectivity abnormalities in an IUGR rabbit model and the effects of early postnatal environmental enrichment (EE) were explored. MATERIALS AND METHODS: IUGR was surgically induced in one horn, whereas the contralateral one produced the controls...
October 12, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019748/doppler-us-in-the-evaluation-of-fetal-growth-and-perinatal-health
#4
Kristen R Uquillas, Brendan H Grubbs, Ashley E Prosper, Ramen H Chmait, Edward G Grant, Daphne K Walker
Fetal growth restriction is commonly defined as an estimated fetal weight (EFW) that is below the 10th percentile for gestational age. It is associated with an increased risk of intrauterine demise, neonatal morbidity, and neonatal death; therefore, antenatal detection and surveillance with the optimization of delivery timing are necessary to improve pregnancy outcomes. If the estimated due date has been verified and the EFW is below the 10th percentile for gestational age, the underlying cause should be investigated, since the clinical management, outcome, and counseling options are largely dependent on the cause of the growth restriction...
October 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017630/poor-perinatal-growth-impairs-baboon-aortic-windkessel-function
#5
A H Kuo, J Li, C Li, H F Huber, P W Nathanielsz, G D Clarke
The ability of the aorta to buffer blood flow and provide diastolic perfusion (Windkessel function) is a determinant of cardiovascular health. We have reported cardiac dysfunction indicating downstream vascular abnormalities in young adult baboons who were intrauterine growth restricted (IUGR) at birth as a result of moderate maternal nutrient reduction. Using 3 T MRI, we examined IUGR offspring (eight male, eight female; 5.7 years; human equivalent 25 years) and age-matched controls (eight male, eight female; 5...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016584/morbidities-and-outcome-of-a-neonatal-intensive-care-in-western-nepal
#6
Sudhir Adhikari, Kalipatanam Seshagiri Rao, Ganesh B K, Namraj Bahadur
BACKGROUND: Neonatal mortality rate of developing countries is declining over decades. In the recent years increasing number of preterm and high risk neonates have facilities for tertiary care treatment. The aim of the study was to assess the morbidities and outcome of neonatal intensive care admissions. METHODS: It was a retrospective observational study carried out in neonatal intensive care unit of the Manipal Teaching Hospital, Pokhara, Nepal from January 2014 to December 2015...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987718/fatty-acid-profile-of-maternal-and-fetal-erythrocytes-and-placental-expression-of-fatty-acid-transport-proteins-in-normal-and-intrauterine-growth-restriction-pregnancies
#7
Renata P Assumpção, Daniela B Mucci, Fernanda C P Fonseca, Henrique Marcondes, Fátima L C Sardinha, Marta Citelli, Maria G Tavares do Carmo
Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA), mainly docosahexaenoic (DHA) and arachidonic acids (AA), are critical for adequate fetal growth and development. We investigated mRNA expression of proteins involved in hydrolysis, uptake and/or transport of fatty acids in placenta of fifteen full term normal pregnancies and eleven pregnancies complicated by intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) with normal umbilical blood flows. The mRNA expression of LPL, FATPs (-1, -2 and -4) and FABPs (-1 and -3) was increased in IUGR placentas, however, tissue profile of LC-PUFA was not different between groups...
October 2017: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985312/maternal-renovascular-hypertensive-rats-treatment-with-hydrogen-sulfide-increased-the-methylation-of-at1b-gene-in-offspring
#8
Qi Guo, Xiaohong Feng, Hongmei Xue, Xu Teng, Sheng Jin, Xiaocui Duan, Lin Xiao, Yuming Wu
BACKGROUND: A large number of studies have shown hypertension of offspring in adulthood is related to parental health during pregnancy. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) could relax placental vasculature and improve intrauterine growth restriction. In the present study, we want to observe the effect of H2S on the fetal programming of renovascular hypertension, a rat model of secondary hypertension. METHODS: Renovascular hypertension was induced by 2-kidney-1-clip, their adult pups were used to evaluate basal blood pressure...
August 8, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985223/heavy-metals-exposure-levels-and-their-correlation-with-different-clinical-forms-of-fetal-growth-restriction
#9
Sally Sabra, Ebba Malmqvist, Alicia Saborit, Eduard Gratacós, Maria Dolores Gomez Roig
BACKGROUND: Prenatal heavy metals exposure has shown a negative impact on birth weight. However, their influence on different clinical forms of fetal smallness was never assessed. OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether there is a differential association between heavy metals exposure and fetal smallness subclassification into intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and small-for-gestational age (SGA). METHOD: In this prospective case-control study, we included 178 mother-infant pairs; 96 of appropriate for gestational age (AGA) and 82 of small fetuses diagnosed in third trimester...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985185/preeclampsia-and-intrauterine-growth-restriction-placental-disorders-still-not-fully-understood
#10
Karel Maršál
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984646/first-trimester-prediction-and-prevention-of-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-related-to-poor-placentation
#11
Arlene DʼSilva, Rina Fyfe, Jon Hyett
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize recent research findings related to first trimester prediction and prevention of adverse pregnancy outcomes associated with poor placentation. Recent publications related to prediction and prevention of preeclampsia, intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and stillbirth were reviewed. RECENT FINDINGS: Researchers continue to identify markers that will help predict pregnancies that go on to develop preeclampsia through screening at 11-13 weeks...
October 3, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976606/the-significance-of-placental-cord-insertion-site-in-twin-pregnancy
#12
Erkan Kalafat, Basky Thilaganathan, Aris Papageorghiou, Amar Bhide, Asma Khalil
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between abnormal cord insertion and the development of the twin-specific complications, including birthweight discordance, selective fetal growth restriction (sFGR) and twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS). METHODS: A single-center cohort study of twin pregnancies. Abnormal cord insertion was defined as either marginal (cord attachment site less than 2cm to the nearest margin of the placental disc) or velamentous (when the umbilical cord was attached to the membrane before reaching the placental disc with clear evidence of vessels traversing the membranes to connect with the placental disc), as described in placental pathology reports...
October 4, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975880/small-size-at-birth-predicts-decreased-cardiomyocyte-number-in-the-adult-ovine-heart
#13
S Vranas, G K Heinemann, H Liu, M J De Blasio, J A Owens, K L Gatford, M J Black
Low birth weight is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease in adulthood. Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) hearts have fewer CMs in early postnatal life, which may impair postnatal cardiovascular function and hence, explain increased disease risk, but whether the cardiomyocyte deficit persists to adult life is unknown. We therefore studied the effects of experimentally induced placental restriction (PR) on cardiac outcomes in young adult sheep. Heart size, cardiomyocyte number, nuclearity and size were measured in control (n=5) and PR (n=5) male sheep at 1 year of age...
October 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974131/assessment-of-human-placental-perfusion-by-intravoxel-incoherent-motion-mr-imaging
#14
Nathalie Siauve, Pierre Humbert Hayot, Benjamin Deloison, Gihad E Chalouhi, Marianne Alison, Daniel Balvay, Laurence Bussières, Olivier Clément, Laurent J Salomon
PURPOSE: To provide functional information on the human placenta, including perfusion, and diffusion, with no contrast agent injection, and to study correlations between intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) placental parameters and fetal growth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MRI was performed in women undergoing legal termination of pregnancy at 17-34 weeks, including a 4-b-value and 11-b-value DW sequences. The apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), the restricted diffusion coefficient (D), the pseudoperfusion coefficient (D*), and the perfusion fraction (f) were calculated...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973711/pregnancy-in-non-communicating-unicornuate-uterus-diagnosis-difficulty-and-outcomes-a-case-report
#15
Camila Silveira de Souza, Gabriela Gindri Dorneles, Giana Nunes Mendonça, Caroline Mombaque Dos Santos, Francisco Maximiliano Pancich Gallarreta, Cristine Kolling Konopka
Approximately 1 in every 76,000 pregnancies develops within a unicornuate uterus with a rudimentary horn. Müllerian uterus anomalies are often asymptomatic, thus, the diagnosis is a challenge, and it is usually made during the gestation or due to its complications, such as uterine rupture, pregnancy-induced hypertension, antepartum, postpartum bleeding and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). In order to avoid unnecessary cesarean sections and the risks they involve, the physicians should consider the several approaches and for how long it is feasible to perform labor induction in suspected cases of pregnancy in a unicornuate uterus with a rudimentary horn, despite the rarity of the anomaly...
October 3, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969512/placental-histopathology-differences-and-neonatal-outcome-in-dichorionic-diamniotic-as-compared-to-monochorionic-diamniotic-twin-pregnancies
#16
Eran Weiner, Elad Barber, Ohad Feldstein, Ann Dekalo, Letizia Schreiber, Jacob Bar, Michal Kovo
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare the differences in placental histopathology lesions and pregnancy outcome in dichorionic-diamniotic (DCDA) versus uncomplicated monochorionic-diamniotic (MCDA) twin gestations. STUDY DESIGN: Maternal characteristics, neonatal outcome, and placental histopathology reports of all twin deliveries between 24 and 41 weeks were reviewed. Excluded were pregnancies complicated by twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome, twin anemia-polycythemia sequence, selective intrauterine growth restriction, placenta previa, intrauterine fetal death, and malformation...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965437/midtrimester-isolated-oligohydramnios-in-monochorionic-diamniotic-multiple-gestations
#17
Andrew H Chon, Lisa M Korst, Ryan D Assaf, Arlyn Llanes, Joseph G Ouzounian, Ramen H Chmait
OBJECTIVE: To describe the natural history and perinatal outcomes of monochorionic diamniotic twins with midtrimester isolated oligohydramnios (iOligo). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of iOligo patients who were initially referred for the management of evolving twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) or selective intrauterine growth restriction (sIUGR). iOligo was defined as a maximum vertical pocket of amniotic fluid of ≤ 2 cm in the iOligo twin's sac and normal fluid level (> 2 and < 8 cm) in the co-twin's sac...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964834/combined-use-of-serum-gamma-glutamyl-transferase-level-and-ultrasonography-improves-prediction-of-perinatal-outcomes-associated-with-preeclamptic-pregnancy
#18
Juan Wu, Wei Zhou, Quanhua Li, Rui Yuan, Hezhou Li, Shihong Cui
INTRODUCTION: Serum gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT), produced and released mostly from the liver and bile duct, is an enzyme involved in response to oxidative stress, and has been used as a maker for prediction of cardiovascular events. Umbilical artery blood flow resistance index, e.g., the systolic/diastolic ratio (S/D ratio) as determined by ultrasound, has been used to assess the fetal intrauterine conditions. While changes of GGT and S/D ratio in preeclampsia are found to be associated with the risk for adverse perinatal outcome, the potential value of combined use of the two measurements for the prediction of adverse perinatal outcome has not been determined...
September 27, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962167/effect-of-l-arginine-supplementation-on-the-hepatic-phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase-signaling-pathway-and-gluconeogenic-enzymes-in-early-intrauterine-growth-restricted-rats
#19
Kaiju Luo, Pingyang Chen, Suping Li, Wen Li, Mingfeng He, Tao Wang, Juncao Chen
The present study aimed to investigate the response of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling pathway and gluconeogenic enzymes in intrauterine growth-restricted rats to dietary L-arginine (L-Arg) supplementation during the lactation period early in life. Pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into a control group (CON), an intrauterine growth restriction group (IUGR) and an L-Arg group (LA). The pregnant rats in the CON group were fed a 21% protein diet, and those in the IUGR and LA groups were fed a 10% low protein diet, and all rats were fed a 21% protein diet after delivery...
September 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956761/apobec3a-is-upregulated-by-human-cytomegalovirus-in-the-maternal-fetal-interface-acting-as-an-innate-anti-hcmv-effector
#20
Yiska Weisblum, Esther Oiknine-Djian, Zichria Zakay-Rones, Olesya Vorontsov, Ronit Haimov-Kochman, Yuval Nevo, David Stockheim, Simcha Yagel, Amos Panet, Dana G Wolf
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is the leading cause of congenital infection, associated with a wide range of neurodevelopmental disabilities and intrauterine growth restriction. Yet, our current understanding of the mechanisms modulating trans-placental HCMV transmission has remained poor. The placenta, given its critical function in protecting the fetus, has evolved effective yet largely uncharacterized innate immune barriers against invading pathogens. Here we show that the intrinsic cellular restriction factor APOBEC3A (A3A) is profoundly upregulated following ex vivo HCMV infection in human decidual tissues - constituting the maternal aspect of the placenta...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Virology
keyword
keyword
8494
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"