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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086848/using-intervention-mapping-to-develop-the-parents-as-agents-of-change-pac-%C3%A2-intervention-for-managing-pediatric-obesity
#1
Geoff D C Ball, Aislin R Mushquash, Rachel A Keaschuk, Kathryn A Ambler, Amanda S Newton
BACKGROUND: Pediatric obesity has become increasingly prevalent over recent decades. In view of the psychosocial and physical health risks, and the high likelihood that children with obesity will grow to become adults with obesity, there is a clear need to develop evidence-based interventions that can be delivered in the health care system to optimize the health and well-being of children with obesity and their families. The aim of this paper is to describe the development, implementation, and planned evaluation of a parent-based weight management intervention designed for parents of 8-12 year olds with obesity...
January 13, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069886/living-with-dementia-a-meta-synthesis-of-qualitative-research-on-the-lived-experience
#2
REVIEW
Sylwia Górska, Kirsty Forsyth, Donald Maciver
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To identify and examine the published qualitative research evidence relative to the experience of living with dementia. DESIGN AND METHODS: Metasynthesis was used as the methodological framework to guide data collection and analysis. RESULTS: Three themes were identified. The first theme considered the main condition-related changes experienced by people with dementia (PWD) and showed how these are interlinked and impact upon various areas of people's lives...
January 9, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053156/targeted-clinical-control-of-trauma-patient-coagulation-through-a-thrombin-dynamics-model
#3
Amor A Menezes, Ryan F Vilardi, Adam P Arkin, Mitchell J Cohen
We present a methodology for personalizing the clinical treatment of severely injured patients with acute traumatic coagulopathy (ATC), an endogenous biological response of impaired coagulation that occurs early after trauma and shock and that is associated with increased bleeding, morbidity, and mortality. Despite biological characterization of ATC, it is not easily or rapidly diagnosed, not always captured by slow laboratory testing, and not accurately represented by coagulation models. This lack of knowledge, combined with the inherent time pressures of trauma treatment, forces surgeons to treat ATC patients according to empirical resuscitation protocols...
January 4, 2017: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047744/we-a-201-01-memorial-introduction
#4
C Marshall
: Chris Marshall: Memorial Introduction Donald Edmonds Herbert Jr., or Don to his colleagues and friends, exemplified the "big tent" vision of medical physics, specializing in Applied Statistics and Dynamical Systems theory. He saw, more clearly than most, that "Making models is the difference between doing science and just fooling around [ref Woodworth, 2004]". Don developed an interest in chemistry at school by "reading a book" - a recurring theme in his story. He was awarded a Westinghouse Science scholarship and attended the Carnegie Institute of Technology (later Carnegie Mellon University) where his interest turned to physics and led to a BS in Physics after transfer to Northwestern University...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047091/we-a-201-02-modern-statistical-modeling
#5
A Niemierko
: Chris Marshall: Memorial Introduction Donald Edmonds Herbert Jr., or Don to his colleagues and friends, exemplified the "big tent" vision of medical physics, specializing in Applied Statistics and Dynamical Systems theory. He saw, more clearly than most, that "Making models is the difference between doing science and just fooling around [ref Woodworth, 2004]". Don developed an interest in chemistry at school by "reading a book" - a recurring theme in his story. He was awarded a Westinghouse Science scholarship and attended the Carnegie Institute of Technology (later Carnegie Mellon University) where his interest turned to physics and led to a BS in Physics after transfer to Northwestern University...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046561/we-a-201-00-anne-and-donald-herbert-distinguished-lectureship-on-modern-statistical-modeling
#6
Joseph Deasy
: Chris Marshall: Memorial Introduction Donald Edmonds Herbert Jr., or Don to his colleagues and friends, exemplified the "big tent" vision of medical physics, specializing in Applied Statistics and Dynamical Systems theory. He saw, more clearly than most, that "Making models is the difference between doing science and just fooling around [ref Woodworth, 2004]". Don developed an interest in chemistry at school by "reading a book" - a recurring theme in his story. He was awarded a Westinghouse Science scholarship and attended the Carnegie Institute of Technology (later Carnegie Mellon University) where his interest turned to physics and led to a BS in Physics after transfer to Northwestern University...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029169/the-past-is-present-representations-of-parents-friends-and-romantic-partners-predict-subsequent-romantic-representations
#7
Wyndol Furman, Charlene Collibee
This study examined how representations of parent-child relationships, friendships, and past romantic relationships are related to subsequent romantic representations. Two-hundred 10th graders (100 female; Mage  = 15.87 years) from diverse neighborhoods in a Western U.S. city were administered questionnaires and were interviewed to assess avoidant and anxious representations of their relationships with parents, friends, and romantic partners. Participants then completed similar questionnaires and interviews about their romantic representations six more times over the next 7...
December 28, 2016: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027461/tomographic-image-reconstruction-via-estimation-of-sparse-unidirectional-gradients
#8
Adam G Polak, Janusz Mroczka, Dariusz Wysoczański
Since computed tomography (CT) was developed over 35 years ago, new mathematical ideas and computational algorithms have been continuingly elaborated to improve the quality of reconstructed images. In recent years, a considerable effort can be noticed to apply the sparse solution of underdetermined system theory to the reconstruction of CT images from undersampled data. Its significance stems from the possibility of obtaining good quality CT images from low dose projections. Among diverse approaches, total variation (TV) minimizing 2D gradients of an image, seems to be the most popular method...
December 21, 2016: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018836/novel-therapeutics-for-addiction-behavioral-and-neuroeconomic-approaches
#9
Warren K Bickel, Alexandra M Mellis, Sarah E Snider, Lara Moody, Jeffrey S Stein, Amanda J Quisenberry
The maturing fields of behavioral- and neuro-economics provides conceptual understanding of the Competing Neurobehavioral Decision Systems theory (CNDS) and reinforcer pathology (i.e. high valuation of and excessive preference for drug reinforcers) allowing us to coherently categorize treatments into a theoretically comprehensive framework of addiction. In this chapter, we identify and clarify how existing and novel interventions can ameliorate reinforcer pathology in light of the CNDS and be leveraged to treat addiction...
September 2016: Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996339/efficacy-of-bowen-theory-on-marital-conflict-in-the-family-nursing-practice-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Shahrzad Yektatalab, Fatemeh Seddigh Oskouee, Mansour Sodani
Family plays an important role in health and illness, and preparing the nurses to assess and improve the family functioning and relationship based on a theoretical framework is of critical importance. This randomized controlled trial was performed to evaluate the effectiveness of Bowen system theory on marital conflict in the family nursing practice. A total of 42 couples referring to the family court of Shiraz, Iran were randomly assigned to either the intervention (receiving eight 90-minute sessions of Bowen systemic family therapy) or the control group (receiving no interventions)...
December 20, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938524/how-to-modify-psychopathological-states-hypotheses-based-on-complex-systems-theory
#11
Hermann Haken, Wolfgang Tschacher
In mathematical analysis based on the assumptions of complexity science, the emergence of a pattern is the result of a competition of modes, which each have a parameter value attached. In the context of visual pattern recognition, a specific connectionist system (the synergetic computer SC) was developed, which was derived from the assumptions of synergetics, a theory of complex systems. We adapted the processes of visual pattern recognition performed by the SC to a different context, psychopathology and therapeutic interventions, assuming these scenarios are analogous...
January 2017: Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925432/ceos-theory-a-comprehensive-approach-to-understanding-hard-to-maintain-behaviour-change
#12
Ron Borland
This paper provides a brief introduction to CEOS theory, a comprehensive theory for understanding hard to maintain behaviour change. The name CEOS is an acronym for Context, Executive, and Operational Systems theory. Behaviour is theorised to be the result of the moment by moment interaction between internal needs (operational processes) in relation to environmental conditions, and for humans this is augmented by goal-directed, executive action which can transcend immediate contingencies. All behaviour is generated by operational processes...
December 7, 2016: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923184/the-complexity-of-child-protection-recurrence-the-case-for-a-systems-approach
#13
Brian Q Jenkins, Clare Tilbury, Paul Mazerolle, Hennessey Hayes
OBJECTIVE: Research on child protection recurrence has found consistent child, family, and case characteristics associated with repeated involvement with the child protection system. Despite the considerable body of empirical research, knowledge about why recurrence occurs, and what can be done to reduce it, is limited. METHOD: This paper reviews the empirical literature and analyses the approaches of prior recurrence research. Four related conceptual challenges are identified: (1) a tendency to conflate child protection recurrence with repeated child maltreatment; (2) uncertainty about how best to operationalize and measure child protection recurrence in research; (3) inconsistency between prevailing explanations for the most frequently observed patterns of recurrence; and (4) difficulty in developing coherent strategies to address child protection recurrence based on research...
January 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901600/the-role-of-the-built-environment-how-decentralized-nurse-stations-shape-communication-patient-care-processes-and-patient-outcomes
#14
Kevin Real, Shoshana H Bardach, David R Bardach
Increasingly, health communication scholars are attending to how hospital built environments shape communication, patient care processes, and patient outcomes. This multimethod study was conducted on two floors of a newly designed urban hospital. Nine focus groups interviews were conducted with 35 health care professionals from 10 provider groups. Seven of the groups were homogeneous by profession or level: nursing (three groups), nurse managers (two groups), and one group each of nurse care technicians ("techs") and physicians...
November 30, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877117/general-habit-propensity-relates-to-the-sensation-seeking-subdomain-of-impulsivity-but-not-obesity
#15
Anja Dietrich, Sanne de Wit, Annette Horstmann
According to dual-system theory, instrumental learning and performance depend on the balance between goal-directed and habitual action control. Overreliance on habits has been argued to characterize clinical conditions such as drug addiction or obsessive-compulsive disorder as well as obesity and excessive impulsivity. A tendency toward habitual action control in obesity has already been indicated in the food domain. However, impairments might not be restricted to eating behavior. This has been suggested by domain-general obesity-associated disturbances in executive function as well as alterations in corticostriatal circuits underlying the goal-directed and habitual systems...
2016: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872368/complementary-learning-systems-within-the-hippocampus-a-neural-network-modelling-approach-to-reconciling-episodic-memory-with-statistical-learning
#16
Anna C Schapiro, Nicholas B Turk-Browne, Matthew M Botvinick, Kenneth A Norman
A growing literature suggests that the hippocampus is critical for the rapid extraction of regularities from the environment. Although this fits with the known role of the hippocampus in rapid learning, it seems at odds with the idea that the hippocampus specializes in memorizing individual episodes. In particular, the Complementary Learning Systems theory argues that there is a computational trade-off between learning the specifics of individual experiences and regularities that hold across those experiences...
January 5, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853440/logistic-mixed-models-to-investigate-implicit-and-explicit-belief-tracking
#17
Martin Lages, Anne Scheel
We investigated the proposition of a two-systems Theory of Mind in adults' belief tracking. A sample of N = 45 participants predicted the choice of one of two opponent players after observing several rounds in an animated card game. Three matches of this card game were played and initial gaze direction on target and subsequent choice predictions were recorded for each belief task and participant. We conducted logistic regressions with mixed effects on the binary data and developed Bayesian logistic mixed models to infer implicit and explicit mentalizing in true belief and false belief tasks...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830246/the-unintended-consequences-of-health-information-technology-revisited
#18
E Coiera, J Ash, M Berg
INTRODUCTION: The introduction of health information technology into clinical settings is associated with unintended negative consequences, some with the potential to lead to error and patient harm. As adoption rates soar, the impact of these hazards will increase. OBJECTIVE: Over the last decade, unintended consequences have received great attention in the medical informatics literature, and this paper seeks to identify the major themes that have emerged. RESULTS: Rich typologies of the causes of unintended consequences have been developed, along with a number of explanatory frameworks based on socio-technical systems theory...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820715/developing-and-implementing-a-simulated-electronic-medication-administration-record-for-undergraduate-nursing-education-using-sociotechnical-systems-theory-to-inform-practice-and-curricula
#19
Richard G Booth, Barbara Sinclair, Laura Brennan, Gillian Strudwick
Knowledge and skills related to medication administration are a fundamental element of nursing education. With the increased use of electronic medication administration technology in practice settings where nurses work, nursing educators need to consider how best to implement these forms of technology into clinical simulation. This article describes the development of a simulated electronic medication administration system, including the use of sociotechnical systems theory to inform elements of the design, implementation, and testing of the system...
November 4, 2016: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818257/reaction-networks-and-kinetics-of-biochemical-systems
#20
Carlene Perpetua P Arceo, Editha C Jose, Angelyn R Lao, Eduardo R Mendoza
This paper further develops the connection between Chemical Reaction Network Theory (CRNT) and Biochemical Systems Theory (BST) that we recently introduced [1]. We first use algebraic properties of kinetic sets to study the set of complex factorizable kinetics CFK(N) on a CRN, which shares many characteristics with its subset of mass action kinetics. In particular, we extend the Theorem of Feinberg-Horn [9] on the coincidence of the kinetic and stoichiometric subsets of a mass action system to CF kinetics, using the concept of span surjectivity...
January 2017: Mathematical Biosciences
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