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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726443/contextualizing-risk-and-protection-perceptions-of-bedouin-mothers-from-unrecognized-villages-in-the-naqab
#1
Ibtisam Marey-Sarwan, Dorit Roer-Strier, Hiltrud Otto
This qualitative study utilizes ecological theory, a context-informed perspective, and an interactive model to study minority children, while considering structural factors, oppression, segregation, power dynamics, and awareness of the political context. It examines perceptions of risk and protection using "snowball" sampling of 33 Bedouin mothers, citizens of Israel, from the unrecognized villages (UVs) in the Naqab in Southern Israel. Data were collected via in-depth, semistructured interviews during 2011 to 2013...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724155/a-family-systems-curriculum-back-to-the-future
#2
Rebekah Schiefer, Alexandra Verdieck Devlaeminck, Holly Hofkamp, Sheldon Levy, Demetrio Sanchez, John Muench
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although both residents and teaching faculty endorse its value, a recent review of family medicine residency programs confirms minimal formal family systems theory training. We consider the historical context of family systems training in family medicine and other competing priorities in practice and residency curricula. METHODS: We developed a longitudinal family systems curriculum, delivered in the third year of a 4-year residency program, and evaluated 2 years of the program using scales to assess self-reported confidence, knowledge and skills...
July 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713872/systems-medicine-complexity-within-simplicity-without
#3
EDITORIAL
Richard Berlin, Russell Gruen, James Best
This paper presents a brief history of Systems Theory, progresses to Systems Biology, and its relation to the more traditional investigative method of reductionism. The emergence of Systems Medicine represents the application of Systems Biology to disease and clinical issues. The challenges faced by this transition from Systems Biology to Systems Medicine are explained; the requirements of physicians at the bedside, caring for patients, as well as the place of human-human interaction and the needs of the patients are addressed...
2017: J Healthc Inform Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712371/visual-systemizing-preference-in-children-with-autism-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-intranasal-oxytocin
#4
Lane Strathearn, Sohye Kim, D Anthony Bastian, Jennifer Jung, Udita Iyengar, Sheila Martinez, Robin P Goin-Kochel, Peter Fonagy
Several studies have suggested that the neuropeptide oxytocin may enhance aspects of social communication in autism. Little is known, however, about its effects on nonsocial manifestations, such as restricted interests and repetitive behaviors. In the empathizing-systemizing theory of autism, social deficits are described along the continuum of empathizing ability, whereas nonsocial aspects are characterized in terms of an increased preference for patterned or rule-based systems, called systemizing. We therefore developed an automated eye-tracking task to test whether children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) compared to matched controls display a visual preference for more highly organized and structured (systemized) real-life images...
July 17, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708004/psychological-trait-resilience-within-ecological-systems-theory-the-resilient-systems-scales
#5
John Maltby, Liz Day, Heather D Flowe, Panos Vostanis, Sally Chivers
This project describes the development of the Resilient Systems Scales, created to address conceptual and methodological ambiguities in assessing the ecological systems model of resilience. Across a number of samples (total N = 986), our findings suggest that the Resilient Systems Scales show equivalence to a previously reported assessment (Maltby, Day, & Hall, 2015 ) in demonstrating the same factor structure, adequate intercorrelation between the 2 measures of resilience, and equivalent associations with personality and well-being...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706465/disability-and-the-family-in-south-wales-coalfield-society-c-1920-1939
#6
Ben Curtis, Steven Thompson
This article utilises the south Wales coalfield in the interwar period as a case study to illustrate the applicability of two sociological theories - family systems theory and the social ecology of the family - to impairment in the past. It demonstrates that a theoretically-informed approach can help to situate impairment in its particular contexts, most especially the family and the community, and give a better sense of the lived experience of disability. It also demonstrates the complexity of the experience of disability as the family and economic circumstances of each impaired individual varied and led to different forms of care-giving or the utilisation of different sources of support...
January 2, 2017: Family & Community History: Journal of the Family and Community Historical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687051/from-experiments-to-ecosystems-reviewing-public-participation-scientific-governance-and-the-systemic-turn
#7
Kathrin Braun, Sabine Könninger
The article discusses a recent systemic turn in public participation in science studies. It reviews the main lines of criticism brought forward in science, technology and society towards public participation in science discourse and argues that much of it refers to the field's preoccupation with isolated, stage-managed minipublics. It then discusses a series of efforts in science, technology and society, and other fields to study public participation in a more systemic or holistic perspective. The article advances the argument that there are different ways of conceptualizing such a perspective, not all of which are well equipped to account for contestation, conflict and power...
July 1, 2017: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681444/a-call-to-incorporate-systems-theory-and-human-factors-into-the-existing-investigation-of-harm-in-clinical-research-involving-healthcare-products
#8
Bernard Bégaud, Esther Daemen, Ioannis Dokas, Brian Edwards, Jonathan M Fishbein, Howard E Greenberg, Alan Hochberg, Hervé Le Louet, Jytte Lyngvig, Nataliya Mogles, Kathryn Owen, Christine Prendergast, Martin Rejzek, Sofia Trantza, David Webb, Matthew Whalen, Simon Whiteley
This is a joint statement from individual pharmacology and pharmaceutical professionals acting in their own capacity including members of the Alliance for Clinical Research Excellence and Safety (ACRES) and the International Society of Pharmacovigilance (ISoP). By building on the extensive pharmacological and regulatory investigations that already take place, we are calling for a fuller and more robust systems-based approach to the independent investigation of clinical research when serious incidents of harm occur, starting with first-in-human clinical trials...
July 6, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680696/in-hospital-experiences-of-families-of-potential-organ-donors-a-systematic-review-and-qualitative-synthesis
#9
REVIEW
Sean Glenton Dicks, Kristen Ranse, Frank Mp van Haren, Douglas P Boer
Information and compassion assist families of potential organ donors to make informed decisions. However, psychological implications of the in-hospital process are not well described with past research focusing on decision-making. To enhance understanding and improve service delivery, a systematic review was conducted. Inductive analysis and synthesis utilised Grounded Theory Methodology within a systems theory framework and contributed to a model proposing that family and staff form a System of Systems with shared responsibility for process outcomes...
April 2017: Health Psychology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679221/revival-of-oscillations-from-deaths-in-diffusively-coupled-nonlinear-systems-theory-and-experiment
#10
Wei Zou, Michael Sebek, István Z Kiss, Jürgen Kurths
Amplitude death (AD) and oscillation death (OD) are two structurally different oscillation quenching phenomena in coupled nonlinear systems. As a reverse issue of AD and OD, revival of oscillations from deaths attracts an increasing attention recently. In this paper, we clearly disclose that a time delay in the self-feedback component of the coupling destabilizes not only AD but also OD, and even the AD to OD transition in paradigmatic models of coupled Stuart-Landau oscillators under diverse death configurations...
June 2017: Chaos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654644/net-profit-flow-per-country-from-1980-to-2009-the-long-term-effects-of-foreign-direct-investment
#11
Dirk H M Akkermans
AIM OF THE PAPER: The paper aims at describing and explaining net profit flows per country for the period 1980-2009. Net profit flows result from Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) stock and profit repatriation: inward stock creating a profit outflow and outward FDI stock a profit inflow. Profit flows, especially 'normal' ones are not commonly researched. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND: According to world-system theory, countries are part of a system characterised by a core, semi-periphery and periphery, as shown by network analyses of trade relations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649968/real-time-polymer-nanocomposites-based-physical-nanosensors-theory-and-modelling
#12
Stefano Bellucci, Yuri Shunin, Viktor Gopejenko, Tamara Lobanova-Shunina, Natalya Burlutskaya, Yuri Zhukovskii
Functionalized CNTs and GNRs nanostructures, serving as the basis for the creation of physical pressure and temperature nanosensors, are considered as tools for ecological monitoring and medical applications. Fragments of nanocarbon inclusions with different morphologies, presenting a disordered system, are regarded as models for nanocomposite materials based on carbon nanoсluster suspension in dielectric polymer environments (e.g., epoxy resins). We have formulated the approach of conductivity calculations for carbon-based polymer nanocomposites using the effective media cluster approach, disordered systems theory and conductivity mechanisms analysis, and obtained the calibration dependences...
June 26, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649120/must-we-embody-context
#13
Barbara Hahn
The essays in this forum brace this meditation on the historiography of technology. Understanding devices incorporates the context of any particular hardware, as John Staudenmaier showed by quantifying the contents of the first decades of Technology and Culture. As contextualist approaches have widened from systems theory through social construction and into the assemblages of actor-network theory, the discipline has kept artifacts at the analytical center: it is the history of technology that scholars seek to understand...
2017: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648239/great-british-medalists-a-commentary-based-on-a-developmental-systems-theory-perspective
#14
Martin I Jones, Mark R Wilson
In their target article, Hardy and colleagues outline some psychosocial factors that were proposed to underpin the development of serial sporting champions. In this commentary, we suggest that the psychodynamic compensatory mechanisms model described by Hardy et al. is limited by its failure to consider the role of the broader developmental systems in which an individual exists (including funding structure, community, culture, and historical niche). We suggest that any workable talent development model needs to consider the bidirectional relationships between individuals and their contexts, and as such, should be guided by a more dynamic, developmental systems theory approach...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640191/phenotypic-plasticity-and-cell-fate-decisions-in-cancer-insights-from-dynamical-systems-theory
#15
REVIEW
Dongya Jia, Mohit Kumar Jolly, Prakash Kulkarni, Herbert Levine
Waddington's epigenetic landscape, a famous metaphor in developmental biology, depicts how a stem cell progresses from an undifferentiated phenotype to a differentiated one. The concept of "landscape" in the context of dynamical systems theory represents a high-dimensional space, in which each cell phenotype is considered as an "attractor" that is determined by interactions between multiple molecular players, and is buffered against environmental fluctuations. In addition, biological noise is thought to play an important role during these cell-fate decisions and in fact controls transitions between different phenotypes...
June 22, 2017: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623778/are-there-signature-limits-in-early-theory-of-mind
#16
Ella Fizke, Stephen Butterfill, Lea van de Loo, Eva Reindl, Hannes Rakoczy
Current theory-of-mind research faces the challenge of reconciling two sets of seemingly incompatible findings: Whereas children come to solve explicit verbal false belief (FB) tasks from around 4years of age, recent studies with various less explicit measures such as looking time, anticipatory looking, and spontaneous behavior suggest that even infants can succeed on some FB tasks. In response to this tension, two-systems theories propose to distinguish between an early-developing system, tracking simple forms of mental states, and a later-developing system, based on fully developed concepts of belief and other propositional attitudes...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623593/boolean-dynamic-modeling-approaches-to-study-plant-gene-regulatory-networks-integration-validation-and-prediction
#17
José Dávila Velderraín, Juan Carlos Martínez-García, Elena R Álvarez-Buylla
Mathematical models based on dynamical systems theory are well-suited tools for the integration of available molecular experimental data into coherent frameworks in order to propose hypotheses about the cooperative regulatory mechanisms driving developmental processes. Computational analysis of the proposed models using well-established methods enables testing the hypotheses by contrasting predictions with observations. Within such framework, Boolean gene regulatory network dynamical models have been extensively used in modeling plant development...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618079/protected-areas-as-social-ecological-systems-perspectives-from-resilience-and-social-ecological-systems-theory
#18
Graeme S Cumming, Craig R Allen
Conservation biology and applied ecology increasingly recognise that natural resource management is both an outcome and a driver of social, economic, and ecological dynamics. Protected areas offer a fundamental approach to conserving ecosystems, but they are also social-ecological systems whose ecological management and sustainability are heavily influenced by people. This editorial, and the papers in the invited feature that it introduces, discuss three emerging themes in social-ecological systems approaches to understanding protected areas: (1) the resilience and sustainability of protected areas, including analyses of their internal dynamics, their effectiveness, and the resilience of the landscapes within which they occur; (2) the relevance of spatial context and scale for protected areas, including such factors as geographic connectivity, context, exchanges between protected areas and their surrounding landscapes, and scale dependency in the provision of ecosystem services; and (3) efforts to re-frame what protected areas are and how they both define and are defined by the relationships of people and nature...
June 15, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600136/an-all-encompassing-global-convergence-result-for-processive-multisite-phosphorylation-systems
#19
Mitchell Eithun, Anne Shiu
Phosphorylation, the enzyme-mediated addition of a phosphate group to a molecule, is a ubiquitous chemical mechanism in biology. Multisite phosphorylation, the addition of phosphate groups to multiple sites of a single molecule, may be distributive or processive. Distributive systems, which require an enzyme and substrate to bind several times in order to add multiple phosphate groups, can be bistable. Processive systems, in contrast, require only one binding to add all phosphate groups, and were recently shown to be globally stable...
June 29, 2017: Mathematical Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594600/psychosocial-and-environmental-factors-in-the-prognosis-of-individuals-with-chronic-pain-and-comorbid-mental-health
#20
Valerie Hruschak, Gerald Cochran
Chronic pain has considerable medical, social, and economic implications as its high prevalence rate and negative societal burden provides justification that it is a major health issue. The value of understanding psychological, social, and environmental factors in chronic pain has become widely recognized and accepted as a biopsychosocial phenomenon in which the social work perspective offers a valuable lens. Through the critical application of systems theory and ecological perspective, accompanied with the diathesis stress model, this article examines psychosocial and environmental influences as being contributory factors in the prognosis of individuals with chronic pain and comorbid mental health disorders...
June 8, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
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