keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Iodine deficiency

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660100/assessment-of-iodine-nutritional-status-of-school-age-children-in-kolkata-district-of-west-bengal-state-in-post-iodation-scenario
#1
Udayan Bhattacharya, Amar K Chandra
To evaluate the state of iodine nutrition in post-iodation scenario, 3500 children were examined clinically for endemic goitre. Iodine and thiocyanate were measured in 240 urine samples; iodine content in 210 salt samples was measured. Total goitre prevalence was 6.1%. Median urinary iodine level was 21.80 µg/dl, and mean (±SD) urinary thiocyanate was 0.89 ± 0.49 mg/dl. Iodine content of only 11.9% salt samples was below recommended level of 15 ppm, 25.2% was between 15 and 30 ppm and 62.9% was >30 ppm...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659964/universal-salt-iodization-provides-sufficient-dietary-iodine-to-achieve-adequate-iodine-nutrition-during-the-first-1000-days-a-cross-sectional-multicenter-study
#2
Susanne Dold, Michael B Zimmermann, Tomislav Jukic, Zvonko Kusic, Qingzhen Jia, Zhongna Sang, Antonio Quirino, Teofilo O L San Luis, Ralph Fingerhut, Roland Kupka, Arnold Timmer, Greg S Garrett, Maria Andersson
Background: Dietary iodine requirements are high during pregnancy, lactation, and infancy, making women and infants vulnerable to iodine deficiency. Universal salt iodization (USI) has been remarkably successful for preventing iodine deficiency in the general population, but it is uncertain if USI provides adequate iodine intakes during the first 1000 d. Objective: We set out to assess if USI provides sufficient dietary iodine to meet the iodine requirements and achieve adequate iodine nutrition in all vulnerable population groups...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650436/iodine-nutrition-status-and-prevalence-of-abnormal-tsh-levels-in-schoolchildren-aged-6-7-years-in-the-autonomous-community-of-the-basque-country
#3
Juan José Arrizabalaga, Mercedes Jalón, Mercedes Espada, Mercedes Cañas, José María Arena, Lluís Vila
INTRODUCTION: An epidemiological study conducted between 1988 and 1992 showed iodine deficiency and endemic goiter in the schoolchildren of the autonomous community of the Basque Country. OBJECTIVES: 1) To ascertain the iodine nutrition status of schoolchildren aged 6-7 years, and 2) to estimate the prevalence of abnormal TSH levels in capillary blood. POPULATION AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 497 schoolchildren selected by random sampling...
April 10, 2018: Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643159/role-of-iodine-containing-multivitamins-during-pregnancy-for-children-s-brain-function-protocol-of-an-ongoing-randomised-controlled-trial-the-swiddich-study
#4
Sofia Manousou, Birgitta Johansson, Anna Chmielewska, Janna Eriksson, Kerstin Gutefeldt, Carl-Johan Tornhage, Robert Eggertsen, Helge Malmgren, Lena Hulthen, Magnus Domellöf, Helena Nystrom Filipsson
INTRODUCTION: Iodine is essential for normal brain development. Moderate and severe fetal iodine deficiency results in substantial to serious developmental delay in children. Mild iodine deficiency in pregnancy is associated with neurodevelopmental deficits in the offspring, but evidence from randomised trials is lacking. The aim of the Swedish Iodine in Pregnancy and Development in Children study is to determine the effect of daily supplementation with 150 µg iodine during pregnancy on the offspring's neuropsychological development up to 14 years of age...
April 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604104/serum-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-levels-and-smoking-status-data-from-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-vi
#5
Suyeon Park, Won Gu Kim, Min Ji Jeon, Mijin Kim, Hye-Seon Oh, Minkyu Han, Tae Yong Kim, Young Kee Shong, Won Bae Kim
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate differences in serum TSH levels according to smoking status and urine iodine concentration (UIC) in a healthy Korean population using data from the Sixth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES VI). STUDYDESIGN: KNHANES VI (2013-2015) is a nationwide, cross-sectional survey of the Korean population. PATIENTS: Research subjects were selected by two-stage stratified cluster sampling of the population and housing census data...
March 31, 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602855/how-will-south-africa-s-mandatory-salt-reduction-policy-affect-its-salt-iodisation-programme-a-cross-sectional-analysis-from-the-who-sage-wave-2-salt-tobacco-study
#6
Karen Charlton, Lisa Jayne Ware, Jeannine Baumgartner, Marike Cockeran, Aletta E Schutte, Nirmala Naidoo, Paul Kowal
OBJECTIVE: The WHO's global targets for non-communicable disease reduction recommend consumption of<5 g salt/day. In 2016, South Africa was the first country to legislate maximum salt levels in processed foods. South Africa's salt iodisation fortification programme has successfully addressed iodine deficiency but information is dated. Simultaneous monitoring of sodium reduction and iodine status is required to ensure compatibility of the two public health interventions. DESIGN/SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: A nested cohort design within WHO's 2015 Study on global AGEing and adult health (n=2887) including individuals from households across South Africa...
March 30, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599102/assessment-of-dietary-intake-in-spanish-university-students-of-health-sciences
#7
María Correa-Rodríguez, Gabriela Pocovi, Jacqueline Schmidt-RioValle, Emilio González-Jiménez, Blanca Rueda-Medina
INTRODUCTION: Nutritional intake during early ages has been associated to disease onset later in life. This study aimed to assess dietary intake in Spanish university students of health sciences as compared to national recommended dietary intakes (DRIs). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted including 585 university students of health sciences aged 18-25 years. Dietary intake was assessed using a 72-h diet recall. A control group was selected from Spanish National Dietary Intake Survey (ENIDE) data...
March 26, 2018: Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587370/stakeholders-perceptions-of-agronomic-iodine-biofortification-a-swot-ahp-analysis-in-northern-uganda
#8
Solomon Olum, Xavier Gellynck, Collins Okello, Dominic Webale, Walter Odongo, Duncan Ongeng, Hans De Steur
Agronomic biofortification (i.e., the application of fertilizer to elevate micronutrient concentrations in staple crops) is a recent strategy recommended for controlling Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDDs). However, its success inevitably depends on stakeholders' appreciation and acceptance of it. By taking Northern Uganda as a case, this study aimed to capture and compare the perceptions of seven key stakeholder groups with respect to agronomic iodine biofortification. Therefore, we employed a SWOT (Strength, Weaknesses, Opportunities &amp; Threats) analysis in combination with an Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP)...
March 24, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569622/global-epidemiology-of-hyperthyroidism-and-hypothyroidism
#9
REVIEW
Peter N Taylor, Diana Albrecht, Anna Scholz, Gala Gutierrez-Buey, John H Lazarus, Colin M Dayan, Onyebuchi E Okosieme
Thyroid hormones are essential for growth, neuronal development, reproduction and regulation of energy metabolism. Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism are common conditions with potentially devastating health consequences that affect all populations worldwide. Iodine nutrition is a key determinant of thyroid disease risk; however, other factors, such as ageing, smoking status, genetic susceptibility, ethnicity, endocrine disruptors and the advent of novel therapeutics, including immune checkpoint inhibitors, also influence thyroid disease epidemiology...
March 23, 2018: Nature Reviews. Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556053/experimental-and-computational-evidence-of-halogen-bonds-involving-astatine
#10
Ning Guo, Rémi Maurice, David Teze, Jérôme Graton, Julie Champion, Gilles Montavon, Nicolas Galland
The importance of halogen bonds-highly directional interactions between an electron-deficient σ-hole moiety in a halogenated compound and an acceptor such as a Lewis base-is being increasingly recognized in a wide variety of fields from biomedicinal chemistry to materials science. The heaviest halogens are known to form stronger halogen bonds, implying that if this trend continues down the periodic table, astatine should exhibit the highest halogen-bond donating ability. This may be mitigated, however, by the relativistic effects undergone by heavy elements, as illustrated by the metallic character of astatine...
March 19, 2018: Nature Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551406/heart-failure-micronutrient-profile-and-its-connection-with-thyroid-dysfunction-and-nutritional-status
#11
Livia Fernandes de Lima, Fernando Barbosa, Marcus Vinícius Simões, Anderson Marliere Navarro
INTRODUCTION: Heart failure (HF) is a growing public health issue; its risk factors include inappropriate dietary intake of microelements such as iodine, selenium, zinc and iron, which may lead to thyroid dysfunction. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the correlation among the functional class stages of patients with HF, iodine, selenium, iron and zinc levels with the presence of thyroid dysfunction. METHODOLOGY: One hundred nine patients from the HF outpatient clinic of the Clinics Hospital of Ribeirão Preto whose blood and urine were collected for micronutrient analysis and laboratory tests were selected...
March 3, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549532/high-urinary-iodine-concentration-among-breastfed-infants-and-the-factors-associated-with-iodine-content-in-breast-milk
#12
Oraporn Dumrongwongsiri, Suthida Chatvutinun, Phanphen Phoonlabdacha, Areeporn Sangcakul, La-Or Chailurkit, Atitaya Siripinyanond, Umaporn Suthutvoravut, Nalinee Chongviriyaphan
Iodine deficiency in infants leads to delayed growth and development. Some studies have reported iodine deficiency among infants and lactating women. We assessed iodine status in infants and lactating women, as well as the iodine content in breast milk. A cross-sectional study enrolled mother-infant pairs (infants aged 4-6 months), who visited Well Child Clinic at Ramathibodi Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand. Infants were classified by feeding type as breastfed (BF), mixed breastfed and formula-fed (MF), and formula-fed (FF)...
March 16, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548512/thyroid-disease-around-the-world
#13
REVIEW
Anastasios Maniakas, Louise Davies, Mark E Zafereo
Thyroid disease is one of the most common pathologies in the world, with two of the most clinically important subgroups being iodine deficiency and thyroid goiter, and thyroid cancer. This review looks at the current state of thyroid disease in the world and evaluates the future direction in terms of thyroid disease treatment and prevention. Several of the most impactful epidemiologic studies are presented and analyzed, as well as a brief overview of the current socioeconomic burden of disease.
March 13, 2018: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546298/cow-milk-consumption-increases-iodine-status-in-women-of-childbearing-age-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
S Maria O'Kane, L Kirsty Pourshahidi, Maria S Mulhern, J J Strain, Emer M Mackle, Duygu Koca, Lutz Schomburg, Sarah Hill, Jennifer O'Reilly, Diana Kmiotek, Christian Deitrich, Sarah C Bath, Alison J Yeates
Background: Recent evidence has highlighted the prevalence of mild-to-moderate iodine deficiency in women of childbearing age and pregnant women, with important public health ramifications due to the role of iodine, which is required for thyroid hormone production, in neurodevelopment. Cow milk contributes the greatest amount to iodine intakes in several countries. Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of increased cow milk consumption on iodine status, thyroid hormone concentrations, and selenium status...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529424/iodine-deficiency-in-pregnancy-still-a-health-issue-for-the-women-of-cassino-city-italy
#15
Chiara Tuccilli, Enke Baldini, Elia Truppa, Bruno D'Auria, Domenico De Quattro, Giovanni Cacciola, Tommaso Aceti, Giovanni Cirillo, Antonio Faiola, Patrizia Indigeno, Lorella D'Aliesio, Fiorella Gazzellone, Marco Bononi, Eleonora D'Armiento, Giovanni Carbotta, Daniele Pironi, Antonio Catania, Salvatore Sorrenti, Salvatore Ulisse
OBJECTIVE: The World Health Organization, the United Nations Children's Fund, and the International Council for the Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorders recommend a median urinary iodine concentration (UIC) in pregnant women between 150 µg/L and 249 µg/L. In the present study, we evaluated whether in the urban area of Cassino (central Italy), after a national salt iodination program (30 mg/kg) was introduced in 2005, the increased demand of iodine during pregnancy was satisfied...
November 27, 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510554/iodine-status-among-somali-immigrants-in-norway
#16
Ahmed A Madar, Helle M Meltzer, Espen Heen, Haakon E Meyer
We lack knowledge about iodine status in the Norwegian population in general, and particularly among immigrants. We aimed to estimate the iodine status and potentially associated factors in a Somali population in Norway. Somali men and women aged 20-73, who were living in one district in Oslo, were recruited between December 2015 and October 2016. Twenty-four-hour urine was collected from 169 participants (91 females and 78 males). Iodine was analysed using the Sandell-Kolthoff reaction on microplates and colorimetric measurement...
March 5, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502541/is-there-any-difference-between-the-iodine-statuses-of-breast-fed-and-formula-fed-infants-and-their-mothers-in-an-area-with-iodine-sufficiency
#17
Pantea Nazeri, Hosein Dalili, Yadollah Mehrabi, Mehdi Hedayati, Parvin Mirmiran, Fereidoun Azizi
Despite substantial progress in the global elimination of iodine deficiency, lactating mothers and their infants remain susceptible to insufficient iodine intake. This cross-sectional study was conducted to compare iodine statuses of breast-fed and formula-fed infants and their mothers at four randomly selected health care centres in Tehran. Healthy infants <3 months old and their mothers were randomly selected for inclusion in this study. Iodine was measured in urine and breast milk samples from each infant and mother as well as commercially available infant formula...
March 5, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500801/experimental-simulation-of-the-effects-of-essential-and-toxic-trace-elements-on-thyroid-function
#18
E S Barysheva
The effects of essential (I, Se, and Zn) and toxic (Pb and Cd) trace elements on the thyroid function were studied experimentally. The protective effects of iodine, zinc, and selenium on thyroid tissue and antithyroid effects of toxic trace elements promoting a decrease in the levels of thyroid hormones (T3 , T4 ) and imbalance of pituitary hormones (TSH) were detected. Addition of toxic trace elements to the ration of experimental rats led to their accumulation in the thyroid (0.051 μg/g Pb and 0.190 μg/g Cd)...
March 2, 2018: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496904/hypothyroidism-and-iodine-deficiency-in-children-on-chronic-parenteral-nutrition
#19
Chijioke Ikomi, Conrad R Cole, Emily Vale, Marjorie Golekoh, Jane C Khoury, Nana-Hawa Yayah Jones
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Iodine is an essential trace element for maintenance of normal thyroid function. Normal thyroid function is a prerequisite for neurocognitive development and growth in children. In the United States, iodine is not routinely added as a trace element in parenteral nutrition (PN). Our objective was to determine the prevalence of iodine deficiency and hypothyroidism in children on chronic PN. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of children <17 years of age and using PN for >6 months at a tertiary children's hospital...
April 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495606/suboptimal-iodine-status-among-pregnant-women-in-the-oslo-area-norway
#20
Sigrun Henjum, Inger Aakre, Anne Marie Lilleengen, Lisa Garnweidner-Holme, Sandra Borthne, Zada Pajalic, Ellen Blix, Elin Lovise Folven Gjengedal, Anne Lise Brantsæter
Norway has been considered iodine replete for decades; however, recent studies indicate reemergence of inadequate iodine status in different population groups. We assessed iodine status in pregnant women based on urinary iodine concentration (UIC), urinary iodine excretion (UIE), and iodine intake from food and supplements. In 804 pregnant women, 24-h iodine intakes from iodine-rich foods and iodine-containing supplements were calculated. In 777 women, iodine concentration was measured in spot urine samples by inductively coupled plasma/mass spectrometry (ICP-MS)...
February 28, 2018: Nutrients
keyword
keyword
84934
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"