keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

oral rehydration

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690961/shortened-preoperative-fasting-time-to-allow-oral-rehydration-solution-clear-liquid-up-to-two-hours-before-elective-major-surgery-in-adults
#1
Jay N Shah, Shantabir Maharjan, Rajan Gurung
OBJECTIVE: To generate evidence of feasibility to allow clear liquid 2 hours before elective surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Department of Surgery, Patan Hospital, Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Nepal, from October to December 2016. METHODOLOGY: One hundred consecutive adult elective major surgery patients of American Society of Anesthesiologist criteria 1 or 2 were enrolled...
May 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661284/pyruvate-in-reduced-osmolarity-oral-rehydration-salt-corrected-lactic-acidosis-in-sever-scald-rats
#2
Rui Liu, Shu-Ming Wang, Zong-Yu Li, Wen Yu, Hui-Ping Zhang, Fang-Qiang Zhou
BACKGROUND: A novel pyruvate-based oral rehydration salt (Pyr-ORS) was demonstrated of superiority over bicarbonate- or citrate-based one to preserve organ function and correct lactic acidosis in rehydration of lethal shock in animals. This study further compared these effects between low-osmolar Pyr-ORS and equimolar citrate-based counterpart. METHODS: Eighty rats, using a fatal burn shock model, were randomized into four groups (two subgroups per group: n = 10): the sham group (group SR), Pyr-ORS group (group PR), WHO-ORS III group (group CR), and no rehydration group...
June 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625176/high-doses-of-antisecretory-factor-stop-diarrhea-fast-without-recurrence-for-six-weeks-post-treatment
#3
Shakila Zaman, Khalida Aamir, Lars Å Hanson, Stefan Lange
BACKGROUND: Diarrheal illnesses in young children cause morbidity and preventable deaths in developing countries. We evaluated two high doses of Salovum® [Antisecretory Factor] to treat diarrhea in young children and followed for recurrence 6 weeks post treatment. METHODS: Forty children, 6-24 months old, admitted with acute diarrhea, to the Outpatient Department of Children's Hospital in Lahore, Pakistan were selected. The patients were randomly allocated to either Group A given 2 sachets, or to Group B, given 4 sachets...
April 3, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622321/evaluation-and-management-of-dehydration-in-children
#4
REVIEW
Genevieve Santillanes, Emily Rose
The article discusses the evaluation of dehydration in children and reviews the literature on physical findings of dehydration. Pediatric dehydration is a common problem in emergency departments and wide practice variation in treatment exists. Dehydration can be treated with oral, nasogastric, subcutaneous, or intravenous fluids. Although oral rehydration is underutilized in the United States, most children with dehydration can be successfully rehydrated via the oral route. Selection of oral rehydration solution and techniques for successful oral rehydration are presented...
May 2018: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602077/dual-alginate-lipid-nanocarriers-as-oral-delivery-systems-for-amphotericin-b
#5
Juliana Perdiz Senna, Thaís Nogueira Barradas, Stephani Cardoso, Talita Carvalho Castiglione, Michael J Serpe, Kattya Gyselle de Holanda E Silva, Claudia Regina Elias Mansur
Amphotericin B (AmB) is the first-choice drug to treat several fungal infections. However, due to its low solubility it can only be administrated intravenously. Nanostructured lipid carriers (NLC) have the ability to encapsulate hydrophobic drugs in an aqueous matrix, making them interesting for use in alternative drug delivery systems for AmB. Their combination with stimuli-sensitive polymers such as alginate can be used as a strategy to protect acid sensitive molecules from gastric acid. The proposal of this work was to develop a dual-strategy hydrogel/NLC delivery system for amphotericin B...
March 14, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588606/cost-utility-budget-impact-and-scenario-analysis-of-racecadotril-in-addition-to-oral-rehydration-for-acute-diarrhea-in-children-in-malaysia
#6
Tamlyn Anne Rautenberg, Ute Zerwes, Way Seah Lee
Objective: To perform cost utility (CU) and budget impact (BI) analyses augmented by scenario analyses of critical model structure components to evaluate racecadotril as adjuvant to oral rehydration solution (ORS) for children under 5 years with acute diarrhea in Malaysia. Methods: A CU model was adapted to evaluate racecadotril plus ORS vs ORS alone for acute diarrhea in children younger than 5 years from a Malaysian public payer's perspective. A bespoke BI analysis was undertaken in addition to detailed scenario analyses with respect to critical model structure components...
2018: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582730/safe-water-and-hygiene-integration-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-antenatal-services-leveraging-opportunities-for-public-health-interventions-and-improved-service-uptake
#7
Janell A Routh, Anagha Loharikar, Elly Chemey, Aulive Msoma, Maureen Ntambo, Richard Mvula, Tracy Ayers, Andrews Gunda, Elizabeth T Russo, Beth Tippett Barr, Siri Wood, Robert Quick
Integrating public health interventions with antenatal clinic (ANC) visits may motivate women to attend ANC, thereby improving maternal and neonatal health, particularly for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected persons. In 2009, in an integrated ANC/Preventing Mother-to-Child Transmission program, we provided free hygiene kits (safe storage containers, WaterGuard water treatment solution, soap, and oral rehydration salts) to women at their first ANC visit and refills at subsequent visits. To increase fathers' participation, we required partners' presence for women to receive hygiene kits...
March 26, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561701/facing-the-shortage-of-iv-fluids-a-hospital-based-oral-rehydration-strategy
#8
Andrés M Patiño, Regan H Marsh, Eric J Nilles, Christopher W Baugh, Shada A Rouhani, Stephanie Kayden
Puerto Rico produces 44% of the intravenous (IV) fluid bags used in the United States. On September 20, 2017, Hurricane Maria struck the island, causing a humanitarian crisis and widespread devastation that escalated a critical shortage of IV fluids throughout the United States. Initially,..
March 21, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556932/community-pharmacists-views-of-the-use-of-oral-rehydration-salt-in-nigeria
#9
Olubukola Oyetunde, Veronika Williams
Background Oral rehydration salt (ORS) is an affordable and effective intervention for the management of acute watery diarrhoea (AWD), especially in children under 5 years. A knowledge/practice gap exists among community pharmacists (CPs) in Lagos, Nigeria, and in many low to middle income countries. This gap results in underutilization of ORS for diarrhoea management. Objective The objective was to explore CPs' views of the barriers and facilitators to the use of ORS in practice. Setting Community pharmacy practices, Lagos, Nigeria...
March 20, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553435/oral-zinc-supplementation-for-children-with-acute-diarrhoea-a-quasi-experimental-study
#10
Rola Abu Dalfa, Khaled I Abu El Aish, Mohamed El Raai, Nermeen El Gazaly, Ahmed Shatat
BACKGROUND: Diarrhoea causes 15% of under-5 mortality in developing countries. Zinc (Zn) stores in the body are known to be depleted during acute diarrhoea. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Zn given with standard treatment to children with acute or moderate diarrhoea. METHODS: In this quasi-unmasked, parallel-group study, we enrolled children with diarrhoea at El-Dorra Paediatric Hospital, Gaza Strip, occupied Palestinian territory. Inclusion criteria were children with more than three unformed stools in the preceding 24 h, duration of diarrhoea up to 72 h, and ability to accept oral fluids or feeds...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548770/comparison-of-sports-drink-versus-oral-rehydration-solution-during-exercise-in-the-heat
#11
Michael W Schleh, Charles L Dumke
INTRODUCTION: This study compared 2 commercially available beverages, an oral rehydration solution (ORS; 60.9 mM Na+ ; 3.4% carbohydrate) and a sports drink (SDS; 18.4 mM Na+; 5.9% carbohydrate), on hydration and metabolism during submaximal exercise in the heat. METHODS: Ten male subjects completed two 90-min exercise trials (39ºC, 30%) of walking at 50% VO2max followed by a 30-min rest period in the heat while wearing wildland firefighter personal protective clothing...
March 13, 2018: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548295/aeromonas-caviae-mimicking-vibrio-cholerae-infectious-enteropathy-in-a-cholera-endemic-region-with-possible-public-health-consequences-two-case-reports
#12
Marco van Zwetselaar, Balthazar Nyombi, Tolbert Sonda, Happiness Kumburu, Nyasatu Chamba, Marieke C J Dekker, Kajiru G Kilonzo, Sarah J Urasa, Blandina T Mmbaga
BACKGROUND: Aeromonas species have been documented to yield false positive results in microbiological tests for Vibrio cholerae. They share many biochemical properties with Vibrio species, with which they were jointly classified in the family Vibrionaceae until genotypic information provided new insights. Aeromonas species are increasingly associated with gastrointestinal infections, albeit with great apparent variation in pathogenicity and virulence both between and within species of the genus...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527518/management-of-diarrhoeal-dehydration-in-childhood-a-review-for-clinicians-in-developing-countries
#13
REVIEW
Emmanuel Ademola Anigilaje
The survival of a child with severe volume depletion at the emergency department depends on the competency of the first responder to recognize and promptly treat hypovolemic shock. Although the basic principles on fluid and electrolytes therapy have been investigated for decades, the topic remains a challenge, as consensus on clinical management protocol is difficult to reach, and more adverse events are reported from fluid administration than for any other drug. While the old principles proposed by Holliday and Segar, and Finberg have stood the test of time, recent systematic reviews and meta-analyses have highlighted the risk of hyponatraemia, and hyponatraemic encephalopathy in some children treated with hypotonic fluids...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511533/antibiotic-treatment-of-acute-gastroenteritis-in-children
#14
REVIEW
Eugenia Bruzzese, Antonietta Giannattasio, Alfredo Guarino
Antibiotic therapy is not necessary for acute diarrhea in children, as rehydration is the key treatment and symptoms resolve generally without specific therapy. Searching for the etiology of gastroenteritis is not usually needed; however, it may be necessary if antimicrobial treatment is considered. The latter is left to the physician evaluation in the absence of clear indications. Antimicrobial treatment should be considered in severely sick children, in those who have chronic conditions or specific risk factors or in specific settings...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503734/oral-rehydration-solution-os-1-as-a-substitute-of-intravenous-hydration-after-cisplatin-administration-in-patients-with-lung-cancer-a-prospective-multicenter-trial
#15
Hidehito Horinouchi, Kaoru Kubota, Akihiko Miyanaga, Shinji Nakamichi, Masahiro Seike, Akihiko Gemma, Yuki Yamane, Futoshi Kurimoto, Hiroshi Sakai, Shintaro Kanda, Yutaka Fujiwara, Hiroshi Nokihara, Noboru Yamamoto, Tomohide Tamura, Yuichiro Ohe
Background: The aim of this trial was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of oral hydration as a substitute for intravenous hydration after cisplatin (CDDP) administration. Methods: The major eligibility criteria included patients with lung cancer, indications for a CDDP-based regimen at a dose of 60 mg/m2 or higher, an age of between 20 and 74 years and adequate renal function. Antiemetic prophylaxis consisted of an appropriate dose of palonosetron, aprepitant, dexamethasone and magnesium sulfate (8 mEq)...
2018: ESMO Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494611/association-between-health-service-use-and-diarrhoea-management-approach-among-caregivers-of-under-five-children-in-nepal
#16
Pramesh Raj Ghimire, Kingsley Emwinyore Agho, Andre M N Renzaho, Michael Dibley, Camille Raynes-Greenow
INTRODUCTION: Diarrhoea among children under-five is a serious public health problem in many developing countries, including Nepal. This study aimed to examine the association between health service utilization and diarrhoea management approaches among children under-five years in Nepal. METHODS: The combined 2001, 2006 and 2011 Nepal Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) data sets were examined and the sample included 2,655 children aged 0-59 months who had diarrhoea 2-weeks prior to the each survey...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486773/quality-of-care-in-integrated-community-case-management-services-in-bugoye-uganda-a-retrospective-observational-study
#17
James S Miller, Lacey English, Michael Matte, Rapheal Mbusa, Moses Ntaro, Shem Bwambale, Jessica Kenney, Mark J Siedner, Raquel Reyes, Patrick T Lee, Edgar Mulogo, Geren S Stone
BACKGROUND: Village health workers (VHWs) in five villages in Bugoye subcounty (Kasese District, Uganda) provide integrated community case management (iCCM) services, in which VHWs evaluate and treat malaria, pneumonia, and diarrhoea in children under 5 years of age. VHWs use a "Sick Child Job Aid" that guides them through the evaluation and treatment of these illnesses. A retrospective observational study was conducted to measure the quality of iCCM care provided by 23 VHWs in 5 villages in Bugoye subcounty over a 2-year period...
February 27, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479086/assessment-of-severity-of-acute-gastroenteritis-in-the-paediatric-pakistani-population-by-modified-vesikari-score
#18
Muhammad Ashraf Sultan, Zeeshan Hassan
OBJECTIVE: To assess the severity of acute gastroenteritis in paediatric population. METHODS: This observational cross-sectional study was conducted at 93 randomly selected outpatient centres with paediatric practice across Pakistan between July 2014 and January 2015, involving children between 3 to 48 months of age suffering from acute gastroenteritis. The severity of acute gastroenteritis was measured using Modified Vesikari Score. SPSS 18 was used for data analysis...
February 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431410/oral-rehydration-solutions-for-the-treatment-of-acute-watery-diarrhea
#19
Jennifer G Chang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415224/factors-associated-with-severe-dehydrating-diarrhoea-in-the-rural-western-cape-south-africa
#20
Frans P van der Westhuizen, Amy L Slogrove, H Marlize Kunneke, Mariana Kruger
Background: Acute diarrhoea (AD) remains a leading cause of childhood death. We evaluated whether delayed healthcare seeking was associated with severe dehydration in rural South Africa. Methods: In a prospective cohort study of children with AD admitted to a secondary-level hospital, data were collected through structured caregiver interviews and hospital record review. The primary outcome was severe dehydration/death, and the primary determinant was delay >12 h between AD symptom onset and healthcare facility presentation...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
keyword
keyword
84929
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"