keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

small molecule imaging

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737767/sensitive-and-non-invasive-method-for-the-in-vivo-analysis-of-membrane-permeability-in-small-animals
#1
Andrea Fernandez-Carrera, Eva Vigo, Carla Regueiro-Rodríguez, África González-Fernández, David Olivieri, Luiz S Aroeira
Tissue membranes are boundaries that isolate organs or cavities in the body. These semi-permeable membranes are responsible for passive protection that acts through the regulation of nutrient absorption, secretion and filtration of small molecules. These functions could be altered as a consequence of inflammation or trauma, which in turn could lead to changes in permeability, allowing the entrance of toxins, antigens, proteins or facilitating the spread of tumors. Membrane permeability therefore plays an important role in numerous diseases...
July 24, 2017: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737579/prostate-specific-membrane-antigen-targeted-imaging-with-18f-dcfpyl-in-high-grade-gliomas
#2
Roberto Andres Salas Fragomeni, Joshua R Menke, Matthias Holdhoff, Clare Ferrigno, John Joseph Laterra, Lilja B Solnes, Mehrbod S Javadi, Zsolt Szabo, Martin G Pomper, Steven P Rowe
High-grade gliomas (World Health Organization grade III-IV) are highly lethal primary brain tumors. Imaging modalities, including MRI and FDG PET, provide a limited ability to differentiate treatment effects (such as radiation necrosis) from recurrent or residual tumor. As the first step in validating the applicability of prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-targeted imaging in high-grade gliomas, we evaluated the ability of the PSMA-targeted small molecule [F]DCFPyL (2-(3-(1carboxy-5-(6-[F]fluoro-pyridine-3-carbonyl)-amino]-pentyl)-ureido)-pentanedioic acid) to image high-grade gliomas in a series of 3 prospectively recruited patients...
July 22, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730469/optogenetic-control-of-ras-erk-signaling-using-the-phy-pif-system
#3
Alexander G Goglia, Maxwell Z Wilson, Daniel B DiGiorno, Jared E Toettcher
The Ras/Erk signaling pathway plays a central role in diverse cellular processes ranging from development to immune cell activation to neural plasticity to cancer. In recent years, this pathway has been widely studied using live-cell fluorescent biosensors, revealing complex Erk dynamics that arise in many cellular contexts. Yet despite these high-resolution tools for measurement, the field has lacked analogous tools for control over Ras/Erk signaling in live cells. Here, we provide detailed methods for one such tool based on the optical control of Ras activity, which we call "Opto-SOS...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728963/structural-principles-of-fluorescent-rna-aptamers
#4
REVIEW
Robert J Trachman, Lynda Truong, Adrian R Ferré-D'Amaré
Several aptamer RNAs have been selected in vitro that bind to otherwise weakly fluorescent small molecules and enhance their fluorescence several thousand-fold. By genetically tagging cellular RNAs of interest with these aptamers and soaking cells in their cell-permeable cognate small-molecule fluorophores, it is possible to use them to study RNA localization and trafficking. These aptamers have also been fused to metabolite-binding RNAs to generate fluorescent biosensors. The 3D structures of three unrelated fluorogenic RNAs have been determined, and reveal a shared reliance on base quadruples (tetrads) to constrain the photo-excited chromophore...
July 17, 2017: Trends in Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727418/combining-tof-sims-imaging-mass-spectrometry-and-cars-microspectroscopy-reveals-lipid-patterns-reminiscent-of-gene-expression-patterns-in-the-wing-imaginal-disc-of-drosophila-melanogaster
#5
Florian Marty, Gianluca Rago, Donald F Smith, Xiaoli Gao, Gert B Eijkel, Luke MacAleese, Mischa Bonn, Erich Brunner, Konrad Basler, Ron M A Heeren
Using label-free ToF-SIMS imaging mass spectrometry, we generated a map of small molecules differentially expressed in the Drosophila wing imaginal disc. The distributions of these moieties were in line with gene expression patterns observed during wing imaginal disc development. Combining ToF-SIMS imaging and coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS) microspectroscopy allowed us to locally identify acylglycerols as the main constituents of the pattern differentiating the future body wall tissue from the wing blade tissue...
July 20, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723416/unravelling-the-pharmacologic-opportunities-and-future-directions-for-targeted-therapies-in-gastro-intestinal-cancers-part-2-neuroendocrine-tumours-hepatocellular-carcinoma-and-gastro-intestinal-stromal-tumours
#6
REVIEW
Cindy Neuzillet, Louis de Mestier, Benoît Rousseau, Olivier Mir, Mohamed Hebbar, Hemant M Kocher, Philippe Ruszniewski, Christophe Tournigand
Until the 1990s, cytotoxic chemotherapy has been the cornerstone of medical therapy for gastrointestinal (GI) cancers. Better understanding of the cancer cell molecular biology has led to the therapeutic revolution of targeted therapies, i.e. monoclonal antibodies or small molecule inhibitors directed against proteins that are specifically overexpressed or mutated in cancer cells. These agents, being more specific to cancer cells, were expected to be less toxic than conventional cytotoxic agents. However, their effects have sometimes been disappointing, due to intrinsic or acquired resistance mechanisms, or to an activity restricted to some tumour settings, illustrating the importance of patient selection and early identification of predictive biomarkers of response to these therapies...
July 16, 2017: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722437/surface-plasmon-resonance-clinical-biosensors-for-medical-diagnostics
#7
Jean-Francois Masson
The design and application of sensors for monitoring biomolecules in clinical samples is a common goal of the sensing research community. Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) and other plasmonic techniques such as localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) and imaging SPR are reaching a maturity level sufficient for their application in monitoring biomolecules in clinical samples. In recent years, the first examples for monitoring antibodies, proteins, enzymes, drugs, small molecules, peptides, and nucleic acids in biofluids collected from patients afflicted with a series of medical conditions (Alzheimer's, hepatitis, diabetes, leukemia, and cancers such as prostate and breast cancers, among others) demonstrate the progress of SPR sensing in clinical chemistry...
January 27, 2017: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718799/zebrafish-as-a-model-organism-for-the-development-of-drugs-for-skin-cancer
#8
REVIEW
Fatemeh Bootorabi, Hamed Manouchehri, Reza Changizi, Harlan Barker, Elisabetta Palazzo, Annalisa Saltari, Mataleena Parikka, Carlo Pincelli, Ashok Aspatwar
Skin cancer, which includes melanoma and squamous cell carcinoma, represents the most common type of cutaneous malignancy worldwide, and its incidence is expected to rise in the near future. This condition derives from acquired genetic dysregulation of signaling pathways involved in the proliferation and apoptosis of skin cells. The development of animal models has allowed a better understanding of these pathomechanisms, with the possibility of carrying out toxicological screening and drug development. In particular, the zebrafish (Danio rerio) has been established as one of the most important model organisms for cancer research...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716936/bacterial-infection-imaging-with-18-f-fluoropropyl-trimethoprim
#9
Mark A Sellmyer, Iljung Lee, Catherine Hou, Chi-Chang Weng, Shihong Li, Brian P Lieberman, Chenbo Zeng, David A Mankoff, Robert H Mach
There is often overlap in the diagnostic features of common pathologic processes such as infection, sterile inflammation, and cancer both clinically and using conventional imaging techniques. Here, we report the development of a positron emission tomography probe for live bacterial infection based on the small-molecule antibiotic trimethoprim (TMP). [(18)F]fluoropropyl-trimethoprim, or [(18)F]FPTMP, shows a greater than 100-fold increased uptake in vitro in live bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) relative to controls...
July 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716170/sinonasal-t2r-mediated-nitric-oxide-production-in-response-to-bacillus-cereus
#10
Ryan M Carey, Alan D Workman, Carol H Yan, Bei Chen, Nithin D Adappa, James N Palmer, David W Kennedy, Robert J Lee, Noam A Cohen
BACKGROUND: Upper airway epithelial cells produce bactericidal nitric oxide (NO) in response to both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. Our previous work demonstrated that T2R38, a bitter taste receptor (T2R) expressed in airway epithelium, produces NO in response to quorum-sensing molecules secreted by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. We also demonstrated that Staphylococci products elicit an NO response when using a T2R-independent pathway. When screening additional human pathogens for epithelial T2R activation, we found that the gram-positive aerobe Bacillus cereus secretes a T2R agonist that yields NO production...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714245/drug-loaded-multifunctional-nanoparticles-targeted-to-the-endocardial-layer-of-the-injured-heart-modulate-hypertrophic-signaling
#11
Mónica P A Ferreira, Sanjeev Ranjan, Sini Kinnunen, Alexandra Correia, Virpi Talman, Ermei Mäkilä, Brianda Barrios-Lopez, Marianna Kemell, Vimalkumar Balasubramanian, Jarno Salonen, Jouni Hirvonen, Heikki Ruskoaho, Anu J Airaksinen, Hélder A Santos
Ischemic heart disease is the leading cause of death globally. Severe myocardial ischemia results in a massive loss of myocytes and acute myocardial infarction, the endocardium being the most vulnerable region. At present, current therapeutic lines only ameliorate modestly the quality of life of these patients. Here, an engineered nanocarrier is reported for targeted drug delivery into the endocardial layer of the left ventricle for cardiac repair. Biodegradable porous silicon (PSi) nanoparticles are functionalized with atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), which is known to be expressed predominantly in the endocardium of the failing heart...
July 17, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706325/axsis-exploring-the-frontiers-in-attosecond-x-ray-science-imaging-and-spectroscopy
#12
F X Kärtner, F Ahr, A-L Calendron, H Çankaya, S Carbajo, G Chang, G Cirmi, K Dörner, U Dorda, A Fallahi, A Hartin, M Hemmer, R Hobbs, Y Hua, W R Huang, R Letrun, N Matlis, V Mazalova, O D Mücke, E Nanni, W Putnam, K Ravi, F Reichert, I Sarrou, X Wu, A Yahaghi, H Ye, L Zapata, D Zhang, C Zhou, R J D Miller, K K Berggren, H Graafsma, A Meents, R W Assmann, H N Chapman, P Fromme
X-ray crystallography is one of the main methods to determine atomic-resolution 3D images of the whole spectrum of molecules ranging from small inorganic clusters to large protein complexes consisting of hundred-thousands of atoms that constitute the macromolecular machinery of life. Life is not static, and unravelling the structure and dynamics of the most important reactions in chemistry and biology is essential to uncover their mechanism. Many of these reactions, including photosynthesis which drives our biosphere, are light induced and occur on ultrafast timescales...
September 1, 2016: Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705917/curative-multi-cycle-radioimmunotherapy-monitored-by-quantitative-spect-ct-based-theranostics-using-bispecific-antibody-pretargeting-strategy-in-colorectal-cancer
#13
Sarah M Cheal, Edward K Fung, Miteshkumar V Patel, Blesida Punzalan, Hong Xu, Hong-Fen Guo, Pat B Zanzonico, Sebastien Monette, Karl Dane Wittrup, Nai-Kong Cheung, Steven M Larson
Radioimmunotherapy of solid tumors using antibody-targeted radionuclides has been limited by low therapeutic indices (TI). We recently reported a novel three-step pretargeted radioimmunotherapy (PRIT) strategy based on a glycoprotein A33 (GPA33)-targeting bispecific antibody (bsAb) and a small-molecule radioactive hapten, a complex of lutetium-177 ((177)Lu) and S-2-(4-aminobenzyl)-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane tetraacetic acid ((177)Lu-DOTA-Bn) that leads to high TIs for radiosensitive tissues such as blood (TI = 73) and kidney (TI = 12)...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700825/chemical-visualization-of-sweat-pores-in-fingerprints-using-go-enhanced-tof-sims
#14
Lesi Cai, Mengchan Xia, Zhaoying Wang, Ya-Bin Zhao, Zhanping Li, Sichun Zhang, Xinrong Zhang
Time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS) has been used in imaging of small molecules (< 500 Da) in fingerprints, such as gunshot residues and illicit drugs. However, identifying and mapping relatively high mass molecules are quite difficult owing to insufficient ion yield of their molecular ions. In this report, Graphene oxide(GO)-enhanced TOF-SIMS was used to detect and image relatively high mass molecules such as poison, alkaloids (> 600 Da) and controlled drugs, antibiotics (> 700 Da) in fingerprints...
July 12, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699705/organic-dye-adsorption-by-amphiphilic-tris-urea-supramolecular-hydrogel
#15
Juri Takeshita, Yuki Hasegawa, Kazushige Yanai, Ayumu Yamamoto, Ayumi Ishii, Miki Hasegawa, Masamichi Yamanaka
The development of an effective adsorbent for cleansing polluted water is required for environmental purification. In this respect, a supramolecular hydrogel constructed by the self-assembly of small molecules could be a strong candidate. Adsorption experiments of organic dyes were performed using supramolecular hydrogels of amphiphilic tris-urea 1. Cationic organic dyes were adsorbed efficiently; indeed, the adsorption of methylene blue was as high as 4.19 mol equivalents relative to 1. Two luminescence peaks were observed in the rhodamine 6G-adsorbed supramolecular hydrogels, and their ratios varied with the amount of dye adsorbed...
July 12, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697466/a-ratiometric-two-photon-probe-for-ca-2-in-live-tissues-and-its-application-to-spinal-cord-injury-model
#16
Hyung Joong Kim, Chang Su Lim, Hyo Won Lee, Hye Sue Lee, Yun Ju Um, Hemant Kumar, Inbo Han, Hwan Myung Kim
Ratiometric imaging with a small-molecule probe is important for the in-situ quantitative analysis of chemical events. We developed a ratiometric two-photon fluorescent probe (SCa1-IREF) derived from dual dyes with different Stokes shifts. This probe has two identical windows: a Ca(2+)-sensing window and an internal reference window, with eliminated FRET interference. SCa1-IREF shows a marked change in the ratio upon response with Ca(2+), significant two-photon brightness, considerable selectivity for Ca(2+), and cell loading ability with low cytotoxicity...
July 6, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696694/discovery-of-potent-small-molecule-inhibitors-of-ubiquitin-conjugating-enzyme-ubch5c-from-%C3%AE-santonin-derivatives
#17
Hao Chen, Guozhen Wu, Shuang Gao, Ruihua Guo, Zeng Zhao, Hu Yuan, Shanxiang Liu, Jian Wu, Xiaolong Lu, Xing Yuan, Zongmin Yu, Xianpeng Zu, Ning Xie, Niao Yang, Zhenlin Hu, Qingyan Sun, Weidong Zhang
As a therapeutic target for anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α interventions, UbcH5c is one of the key ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes catalyzing ubiquitination during TNF-α-triggered nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) activation. In the present study, three series of analogs were designed and synthesized from α-santonin, and their UbcH5c inhibitory activities were screened by western blotting and NF-κB luciferase assay. Further BIAcore, in-gel fluorescence imaging and immunoprecipitation, assays demonstrated that compound 6d exhibited robust and specific inhibition of UbcH5c, exceeding that of the positive compound 1 (IJ-5)...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696241/ethambutol-partitioning-in-tuberculous-pulmonary-lesions-explains-its-clinical-efficacy
#18
Matthew Zimmerman, Jodi Lestner, Brendan Prideaux, Paul O'Brien, Isabela Freedman, Chao Chen, Jillian Dietzold, Isaac Daudelin, Firat Kaya, Landry Blanc, Pei-Yu Chen, Steven Park, Padmini Salgame, Jansy Sarathy, Véronique Dartois
Clinical trials and practice have shown that ethambutol is an important component of the first line tuberculosis (TB) regime. This contrasts the drug's rather modest potency and lack of activity against non-growing persister mycobacteria. The standard plasma-based pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic profile of ethambutol suggests that the drug may be of limited clinical value. Here we hypothesized that this apparent contradiction may be explained by favorable penetration of the drug into TB lesions. First we utilized novel in vitro lesion pharmacokinetic assays and predicted good penetration of the drug into lesions...
July 10, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695371/binding-of-%C3%AE-v%C3%AE-3-integrin-specific-radiotracers-is-modulated-by-both-integrin-expression-level-and-activation-status
#19
Alexandra Andriu, Julie Crockett, Sergio Dall'Angelo, Monica Piras, Matteo Zanda, Ian N Fleming
PURPOSE: Molecular imaging of αvβ3 integrin has exhibited real potential to guide the appropriate use of anti-angiogenic therapies. However, an incomplete understanding of the factors that influence binding of αvβ3 integrin-specific radiotracers currently limits their use for assessing response to therapy in cancer patients. This study identifies two fundamental factors that modulate uptake of these radiotracers. Procedures Experiments were performed in prostate cancer (PC3) and glioblastoma (U87MG) cells, which differentially express αvβ3 integrin...
July 10, 2017: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692799/highly-stable-organic-small-molecular-nanoparticles-as-an-advanced-and-biocompatible-phototheranostic-agent-of-tumor-in-living-mice
#20
Ji Qi, Yuan Fang, Ryan T K Kwok, Xiaoyan Zhang, Xianglong Hu, Jacky W Y Lam, Dan Ding, Ben Zhong Tang
Near-infrared (NIR)-absorbing organic small molecules hold great promise as the phototheranostic agents for clinical translation by virtue of their intrinsic advantages such as well-defined chemical structure, high purity, and good reproducibility. However, most of the currently available ones face the challenges in varying degrees in terms of photothermal instability, and photobleaching/reactive oxygen nitrogen species (RONS) inresistance, which indeed impair their practical applications in precise diagnosis and treatment of diseases...
July 12, 2017: ACS Nano
keyword
keyword
84912
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"