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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321490/the-interaction-between-bsa-and-dotap-at-the-air-buffer-interface
#1
Guoqing Xu, Changchun Hao, Lei Zhang, Runguang Sun
In this article, the interaction between bovine serum albumin (BSA) and the cationic 1,2-dioleoyl-3-trimethylammonium-propane (DOTAP) at the air-buffer interface was investigated at different subphase's pH values (pH = 3, 5 and 10). Surface pressure measurements (π - A) and penetration kinetics process (π - t) were carried out to reveal the interaction mechanism and the dynamical behavior. The data showed that π - A isotherms moved towards larger mean molecular area when the concentration of BSA ([BSA]) increased, the amount of BSA adsorbed onto DOTAP monolayer reached a threshold value at a [BSA] of 5 × 10-8 M, and BSA desorbed from the lipid monolayer as time goes by...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317110/cationic-liposomes-formulated-with-a-novel-whole-leishmania-lysate-wll-as-a-vaccine-for-leishmaniasis-in-murine-model
#2
Iman Jafari, Vahid Heravi Shargh, Maryam Shahryari, Azam Abbasi, Mahmoud Reza Jaafari, Ali Khamesipour, Ali Badiee
Although there have been numerous attempts to develop a successful vaccine against leishmaniasis, based on the clinical trial in this field, no vaccine against Leishmania in routine way can be found for globally effective vaccination in human. Amongst, first generation vaccines consisting of parasite fractions or whole killed Leishmania showed more successful results in clinical trials. It seems that the main reason for the low efficacy of these vaccines is lack of a suitable adjuvant. In this study, a crude extract of detergent-solubilized L...
December 28, 2017: Immunobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305141/dequalinium-based-functional-nanosomes-show-increased-mitochondria-targeting-and-anticancer-effect
#3
Yoonhee Bae, Min Kyo Jung, Seulgi Lee, Su Jeong Song, Ji Young Mun, Eric S Green, Jin Han, Kyung Soo Ko, Joon Sig Choi
Mitochondria are targets with great potential for therapeutics for many human disorders. However, drug delivery systems for such therapeutics remain in need of more efficient mitochondrial-targeting carriers. In this study, we report that nanosomes composed of Dequalinium/DOTAP (1,2-dioleoyl-3-trimethylammonium-propane)/DOPE (1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine), called DQA80s, can act in the dual role of mitochondrial-targeting carrier and anticancer agent for therapeutic interventions against mitochondrial diseases...
January 2, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301300/the-impact-of-lipid-types-and-liposomal-formulations-on-osteoblast-adiposity-and-mineralization
#4
Shun-Fu Chang, Chih-Chang Yeh, Pin-Jyun Chen, Hsin-I Chang
Recent studies have demonstrated that fat accumulation in bone cells is detrimental to bone mass. Both adipocytes and osteoblasts are derived from common multipotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and hence the presence of fat may increase adipocyte proliferation, differentiation and fat accumulation while inhibiting osteoblast differentiation and bone formation. Lipids are common constituents in supramolecular vesicles (e.g., micelles or liposomes) that serve as drug delivery systems. Liposomal formulations such as Meriva® were proven to decrease joint pain and improve joint function in osteoarthritis (OA) patients...
January 2, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282854/thermo-triggered-release-of-crispr-cas9-system-by-lipid-encapsulated-gold-nanoparticles-for-tumor-therapy
#5
Peng Wang, Lingmin Zhang, Wenfu Zheng, Liman Cong, Zhaorong Guo, Yangzhouyun Xie, Le Wang, Rongbing Tang, Qiang Feng, Yoh Hamada, Kohsuke Gonda, Zhijian Hu, Xiaochun Wu, Xingyu Jiang
CRISPR/Cas9 system is a powerful toolbox for gene editing. However, the low delivery efficiency is still a big hurdle influencing its applications. Herein, we report a strategy to deliver Cas9-sgPlk-1 plasmids (CP) by a multifunctional vehicle for tumor therapy. We condensed CP on TAT peptide-modified Au nanoparticles (AuNPs/CP, ACP) via electrostatic interactions, and coated lipids (DOTAP, DOPE, Cholesterol, PEG2000-DSPE) on the ACP to form lipid-encapsulated, AuNPs-condensed CP (LACP). LACP can enter tumor cells and release the CP into the cytosol by laser-triggered thermo-effects of the AuNPs and the CP can enter nuclei by TAT guidance, enabling effective knock-outs of target gene (Plk-1) of tumor (melanoma) and inhibition of the tumor both in vitro and in vivo...
December 28, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232147/-incorporation-of-mrna-in-lamellar-lipid-matrices-for-parenteral-administration
#6
Antje Ziller, Sara S Nogueira, Eva Huehn, Sergio S Funari, Gerald Brezesinski, Hermann Hartmann, Ugur Sahin, Heinrich Haas, Peter Langguth
Insertion of high molecular weight messenger RNA (mRNA) into lyotropic lipid phases as model systems for controlled release formulations for the mRNA was investigated. Low fractions of 1,2-dioleoyl-3-trimethylammonium-propane (DOTAP) were used as an anchor to load the mRNA into a lamellar lipid matrix. Dispersions of zwitterionic lipid in the aqueous phase in the presence of increasing fractions of mRNA and cationic lipid were prepared, and the molecular organization was investigated as a function of mRNA and cationic lipid fraction...
December 12, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156338/effect-of-laminaria-japonica-polysaccharides-on-lipids-monolayers-at-the-air-water-surface
#7
Juanjuan Yang, Changchun Hao, Runguang Sun
In this paper, we examined the effect of Laminaria japonica polysaccharides (LJP) on cationic 1,2-Dioleoyl-3-Trimethylammonium-Propane (DOTAP) and anionic 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-[phospho-rac-1-glycerol] (DPPG) monolayers at the air-water interface by the pressure-area isotherms (π-A), adsorption curves (π-t) and morphology measurements with atomic force microscopy (AFM) technique. The π-A curves revealed that the isotherms shifted to larger mean molecular area with progressive addition of LJP into subphase for both DOTAP and DPPG monolayers...
November 17, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128322/role-of-1-2-dioleoyl-3-trimethylammonium-propane-dotap-in-%C3%AE-lactoglobulin-aggregation
#8
Baoliang Ma, Xiaofei Wang, Yujie Liu, Zhihong Li, Yujie Liu, Fan Zhang
Protein aggregation is a prevalent phenomenon. It is important to study protein aggregation under different solution conditions. In this study, using 1-anilinonaphthalene-8-sulfonic acid (ANS) fluorescence spectra, we investigated the critical micelle concentration (CMC) of 1,2-dioleoyl-3-trimethylammonium-propane (DOTAP). We also studied the effects of DOTAP on amyloid aggregation of β-lactoglobulin using intrinsic fluorescence spectra, circular dichroism spectra, thioflavin T fluorescence, a Congo red binding assay and transmission electron microscopy...
November 8, 2017: Chemistry and Physics of Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122734/gene-editing-of-mps-i-human-fibroblasts-by-co-delivery-of-a-crispr-cas9-plasmid-and-a-donor-oligonucleotide-using-nanoemulsions-as-nonviral-carriers
#9
Roselena Silvestri Schuh, Talita Giacomet de Carvalho, Roberto Giugliani, Ursula Matte, Guilherme Baldo, Helder Ferreira Teixeira
Mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS I) is an inherited disease caused by the deficiency of alpha-L-iduronidase (IDUA). This study shows the use of nanoemulsions co-complexed with the plasmid of CRISPR/Cas9 system and a donor oligonucleotide aiming at MPS I gene editing in vitro. Nanoemulsions composed of MCT, DOPE, DOTAP, DSPE-PEG, and water were prepared by high-pressure homogenization. The DNA was complexed by adsorption or encapsulation of preformed DNA/DOTAP complexes with nanoemulsions at +4/ -1 charge ratio...
November 6, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070949/optimization-and-physicochemical-characterization-of-a-cationic-lipid-phosphatidylcholine-mixed-emulsion-formulated-as-a-highly-efficient-vehicle-that-facilitates-adenoviral-gene-transfer
#10
Soo-Yeon Kim, Sang-Jin Lee, Jin-Ki Kim, Han-Gon Choi, Soo-Jeong Lim
Cationic lipid-based nanoparticles enhance viral gene transfer by forming electrostatic complexes with adenoviral vectors. We recently demonstrated the superior complexation capabilities of 1,2-dioleoyl-3-trimethylammonium propane (DOTAP) emulsion compared with a liposomal counterpart but the cytotoxicity of DOTAP emulsions remained a challenge. The present study is aimed at formulating an emulsion capable of acting as a highly effective viral gene transfer vehicle with reduced cytotoxicity and to physicochemically characterize the structures of virus-emulsion complexes in comparison with virus-liposome complexes when the only difference between emulsions and liposomes was the presence or absence of inner oil core...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023126/lyotropic-liquid-crystalline-nanosystems-as-drug-delivery-agents-for-5-fluorouracil-structure-and-cytotoxicity
#11
Paola Astolfi, Elisabetta Giorgini, Valentina Gambini, Barbara Rossi, Lisa Vaccari, Francesco Vita, Oriano Francescangeli, Cristina Marchini, Michela Pisani
Lyotropic cubic liquid-crystalline systems have received increasing attention due to their unique microstructural and physicochemical properties as efficient nanocarriers for drug delivery. We report the preparation and characterization of bulk phases and cubosome dispersions of phytantriol loaded with the anticancer drug 5-fluorouracil, in neutral and anionic forms. In both cases, a Pn3m cubic phase was observed. The phytantriol phase behavior can be influenced by the addition of ionic agents, and, to this purpose, a positively charged lipid, such as N-[1-(2,3-dioleoyloxy)propyl]-N,N,N-trimethylammonium chloride salt (DOTAP), was included in the studied formulations...
October 23, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020107/diacetylenic-lipids-in-the-design-of-stable-lipopolymers-able-to-complex-and-protect-plasmid-dna
#12
C Facundo Temprana, M Jimena Prieto, Daniela E Igartúa, A Lis Femia, M Silvia Amor, Silvia Del Valle Alonso
Different viral and non-viral vectors have been designed to allow the delivery of nucleic acids in gene therapy. In general, non-viral vectors have been associated with increased safety for in vivo use; however, issues regarding their efficacy, toxicity and stability continue to drive further research. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the potential use of the polymerizable diacetylenic lipid 1,2-bis(10,12-tricosadiynoyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DC8,9PC) as a strategy to formulate stable cationic lipopolymers in the delivery and protection of plasmid DNA...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944654/ovarian-cancer-therapy-by-vsvmp-gene-mediated-by-a-paclitaxel-enhanced-nanoparticle
#13
Jianlin Long, Yuping Yang, Tianyi Kang, Wei Zhao, Hao Cheng, Yujiao Wu, Ting Du, Beibei Liu, Yang Li, Feng Luo, Maling Gou
Nanoparticles have great promise for gene delivery. However, the transfection efficiency of nanoparticle-based gene delivery systems is always unsatisfied to meet the requirement of effective gene therapy. Herein, we used low-dosage paclitaxel to enhance a nanoscaled gene delivery system that was self-assembled from N-[1-(2,3-dioleoyloxy)propyl]-N,N,N-trimethylammoniummethyl sulfate and monomethoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(d,l-lactide) (DPP), creating a paclitaxel-encapsulated DPP (P-DPP) nanoparticle. The encapsulated low-dosage paclitaxel significantly improved the gene delivery efficiency of the DPP nanoparticles against multiple cancer cells, in some of which the transfection efficiency is as high as 92%...
November 3, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934610/chitosan-lipid-nanoparticles-cs-lnps-application-to-sirna-delivery
#14
Özgül Tezgel, Anna Szarpak-Jankowska, Amandine Arnould, Rachel Auzély-Velty, Isabelle Texier
To benefit from the biocompatibility of lipid nanoparticles associated with the transfection ability of chitosan, small chitosan lipid nanoparticles (CS-LNPs) dedicated to SiRNA delivery were formulated by an easy-to-implement one-step process. Formulations of CS-LNPs (lipid core stabilized by a shell comprising phospholipids/cationic lipids and hydrophobically modified chitosan) were optimized for their physico-chemical properties (size, zeta potential, colloidal stability) according to their shell composition...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921566/pegylation-of-cationic-liposomes-encapsulating-soluble-leishmania-antigens-reduces-the-adjuvant-efficacy-of-liposomes-in-murine-model
#15
H Naseri, F Eskandari, M R Jaafari, A Khamesipour, A Abbasi, A Badiee
Although there have been several attempts to develop a vaccine against leishmaniasis, no vaccine in human has been developed yet. Liposomes consisting of 1, 2-dioleoyl-3-trimethylammonium-propane (DOTAP) encapsulating soluble Leishmania antigens (SLA) enhance protective immunity of SLA against Leishmania major infection in mice. However, they immobilized at the injection site because of their positive charge. To overcome the problem, shielding the surface charge with polyethylene glycol (PEGylation) was chosen in this study...
November 2017: Parasite Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915590/combination-of-desi2-and-ip10-gene-therapy-significantly-improves-therapeutic-efficacy-against-murine-carcinoma
#16
Chao Lin, HuaYing Yan, Jun Yang, Lei Li, Mei Tang, Xinyu Zhao, Chunlai Nie, Na Luo, Yuquan Wei, Zhu Yuan
DESI2 (also known as PNAS-4) is a novel pro-apoptotic gene activated during the early response to DNA damage. We previously reported that overexpression of DESI2 induces S phase arrest and apoptosis by activating checkpoint kinases. The present study was designed to test whether combination of DESI2 and IP10 could improve the therapy efficacy in vitro and in vivo. The recombinant plasmid co-expressing DESI2 and IP10 was encapsulated with DOTAP/Cholesterol nanoparticle. Immunocompetent mice bearing CT26 colon carcinoma and LL2 lung cancer were treated with the complex...
August 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889081/distinct-solubility-and-cytotoxicity-regimes-of-paclitaxel-loaded-cationic-liposomes-at-low-and-high-drug-content-revealed-by-kinetic-phase-behavior-and-cancer-cell-viability-studies
#17
Victoria M Steffes, Meena M Murali, Yoonsang Park, Bretton J Fletcher, Kai K Ewert, Cyrus R Safinya
Lipid-based particles are used worldwide in clinical trials as carriers of hydrophobic paclitaxel (PTXL) for cancer chemotherapy, albeit with little improvement over the standard-of-care. Improving efficacy requires an understanding of intramembrane interactions between PTXL and lipids to enhance PTXL solubilization and suppress PTXL phase separation into crystals. We studied the solubility of PTXL in cationic liposomes (CLs) composed of positively charged 2,3-dioleyloxypropyltrimethylammonium chloride (DOTAP) and neutral 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidylcholine (DOPC) as a function of PTXL membrane content and its relation to efficacy...
November 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884630/fetal-and-placental-dna-stimulation-of-tlr9-a-mechanism-possibly-contributing-to-the-pro-inflammatory-events-during-parturition
#18
Ilona Telefus Goldfarb, Sharareh Adeli, Tucker Berk, Mark Phillippe
INTRODUCTION: While there is evidence for a relationship between cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA) and parturition, questions remain regarding whether cffDNA could trigger a pro-inflammatory response on the pathway to parturition. We hypothesized that placental and/or fetal DNA stimulates toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) leading to secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines by macrophage cells. METHODS: Four in vitro DNA stimulation studies were performed using RAW 264.7 mouse peritoneal macrophage cells incubated in media containing the following DNA particles: an oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN2395), intact genomic DNA (from mouse placentas, fetuses and adult liver), mouse DNA complexed with DOTAP (a cationic liposome forming compound), and telomere-depleted mouse DNA...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866132/combining-r-dotap-and-a-particulate-antigen-delivery-platform-to-trigger-dendritic-cell-activation-formulation-development-and-in-vitro-interaction-studies
#19
Markus Riehl, Meike Harms, Andrea Hanefeld, Renato B Baleeiro, Peter Walden, Karsten Mäder
The utilization of the cationic lipid R-DOTAP as immune cell stimulant (e.g. its stimulating effects on immature dendritic cells) and correspondingly as possible adjuvant for vaccination is well known. Likewise, it is described in literature that solid polymer particles loaded with antigens can be size-tailored in a manner to be suitable for phagocytosis by antigen presenting cells. The effects of DOTAP-microparticle combinations, however, are not well understood. This study aimed therefore to explore the potential of R-DOTAP stabilized microparticles (MP) to act as a carrier platform for antigens e...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762497/t-cell-dependent-antigen-adjuvanted-with-dotap-cpg-b-but-not-dotap-cpg-a-induces-robust-germinal-center-responses-and-high-affinity-antibodies-in-mice
#20
Munir Akkaya, Billur Akkaya, Patrick W Sheehan, Pietro Miozzo, Mirna Pena, Chen-Feng Qi, Javier Manzella-Lapeira, Silvia Bolland, Susan K Pierce
The development of vaccines for infectious diseases for which we currently have none, including HIV, will likely require the use of adjuvants that strongly promote germinal center responses and somatic hypermutation to produce broadly neutralizing antibodies. Here we compared the outcome of immunization with the T-cell dependent antigen, NP-conjugated to chicken gamma globulin (NP-CGG) adjuvanted with the toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) ligands, CpG-A or CpG-B, alone or conjugated with the cationic lipid carrier, DOTAP...
November 2017: European Journal of Immunology
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