keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Warts

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647616/photodynamic-therapy-in-dermatology-beyond-non-melanoma-cancer-an-update
#1
REVIEW
Xiang Wen, Yong Li, Michael R Hamblin
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) employs a photosensitizer (PS) and visible light in the presence of oxygen, leading to production of cytotoxic reactive oxygen species, which can damage the cellular organelles and cause cell death. In dermatology PDT has usually taken the form of topical application of a precursor in the heme biosynthesis pathway, called 5-aminolevulinic acid (or its methyl ester), so that an active PS, protoporphyrin IX accumulates in the skin. As PDT enhances dermal remodeling and resolves chronic inflamation, it has been used to treat cutaneous disorders include actinic keratoses, acne, viral warts, skin rejuvenation, psoriasis, localized scleroderma, some non-melanoma skin cancers and port-wine stains...
June 21, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646613/novel-tmc8-splice-site-mutation-in-epidermodysplasia-verruciformis-and-review-of-hpv-infections-in-patients-with-the-disease
#2
E Imahorn, Z Yüksel, I Spoerri, G Gürel, C Imhof, Z N Saraçoğlu, A E Koku Aksu, P L Rady, S K Tyring, W Kempf, P H Itin, B Burger
BACKGROUND: Epidermodysplasia verruciformis (EV) is a genodermatosis leading to infections with cutaneous HPV, persistent plane warts and a high rate of non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC). Biallelic loss-of-function mutations in TMC6 and TMC8 are known to be causative. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report EV-causing mutations in four patients with EV and to give an overview of all described EV patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We investigated four patients with classical features of EV from two families...
June 24, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646591/morphological-characteristics-and-hpv-genotype-predict-the-treatment-response-in-cutaneous-warts
#3
G K Hogendoorn, S C Bruggink, M N C de Koning, J A H Eekhof, K E Hermans, R Rissmann, J Burggraaf, R Wolterbeek, K D Quint, S T P Kouwenhoven, J N B Bavinck
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous warts have a cure rate after therapy of no more than approximately 50%. Recently, we developed and validated a standard assessment tool for warts (CWARTS) based on phenotypical characteristics. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether patient and morphological wart characteristics predict the HPV type in the specific wart and whether these characteristics as well as the HPV type predict a favourable treatment response. METHODS: Photographs were used to score 9 morphological wart characteristics using the newly developed CWARTS tool...
June 24, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644711/screening-for-squamous-cell-anal-cancer-in-hiv-positive-patients-a-five-year-experience
#4
Chiara Santorelli, Cosimo Alex Leo, Jonathan D Hodgkinson, Franco Baldelli, Francesco Cantarella, Emanuel Cavazzoni
AIM: Potential screening modalities for early diagnosis of squamous cell anal cancer (SCC) in HIV patients include digital anorectal examination (DARE), anal Papanicolaou testing (Pap test), human papilloma virus (HPV) co-testing, and high-resolution anoscopy. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the results of a five-year screening program for SCC in HIV patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study on 204 HIV patients who underwent a screening program for SCC from October 2010 to January 2015...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644158/radiology-case-of-the-month-idiopathic-cd4-lymphocytopenia
#5
Chris Malone, Neel D Gupta, Amit Kothari, Enrique Palacios, Harold Neitzschman
A 39 year-old male with a history of diabetes, retinitis pigmentosa, and genital warts presented with intractable occipital headaches accompanied with nausea and vomiting. The patient had markedly depressed CD4 counts. Furthermore the patient tested negative for HIV and HTLV 1/2 and had normal immunoglobulin levels. During hospital course the patient underwent a lumbar puncture and multiple imaging exams, including both CT and MR. Except for occasional nausea and vomiting controlled by therapeutic lumbar punctures, phenergan, and dilaudid the patient's hospital course was uncomplicated...
May 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644153/louisiana-physicians-are-increasing-hpv-vaccination-rates
#6
Donna L Williams, Courtney S Wheeler, Michelle Lawrence, Stacy S Hall, Michael Hagensee
Human papilloma virus (HPV) is a common virus that can cause genital warts and certain cancers. The HPV vaccine is effective in preventing many HPV-associated diseases, however, vaccination rates suggest many remain unprotected. This study examined successful strategies used by physicians to improve HPV vaccination rates. Providers with above average vaccination rates were identified. A representative from each provider participated in an interview to identify strategies used to boost HPV vaccination. Key strategies in ensuring vaccine completion were reminders, education, standing orders, and scheduling future vaccine appointments at time of first dose...
May 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641366/human-papillomavirus-vaccine-dose-effectiveness-against-incident-genital-warts-in-a-cohort-of-insured-us-females
#7
Susan Hariri, Megan S Schuler, Allison L Naleway, Matthew F Daley, Sheila Weinmann, Bradley Crane, Sophia R Newcomer, Dennis Tolsma, Lauri E Markowitz
We examined effectiveness of HPV vaccination by dose number and interval against incident genital warts in a cohort of 64,517 females in the United States during 8/2006-9/2012. Eligible females were classified into 0, 1-dose, 2-dose < 6 months apart, 2-dose ≥6 months apart, and 3-dose groups and followed until genital wart diagnosis, loss to follow-up, or end of study. Propensity score weights were used to balance baseline differences across groups. To account for latent genital warts before vaccination, 6-month and 12-month buffer periods from last and first vaccine dose, respectively, were applied...
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639061/oral-and-oropharyngeal-papillomas-are-not-associated-with-high-risk-human-papillomavirus-infection
#8
Miroslaw Snietura, Roman Lamch, Agnieszka Kopec, Dariusz Waniczek, Wirginia Likus, Dariusz Lange, Jaroslaw Markowski
The role of different types of human papillomavirus (HPV) in the development of oral and oropharyngeal papillomas remains unclear. High-risk HPV (HR-HPV) was shown to be involved in the pathogenesis of significant proportion of squamous cell carcinomas of the oropharynx. In this study, we hypothesized that in some oropharyngeal papillomas, low-risk HPV (LR-HPV) and HR-HPV infection could co-exist, similar to what is observed in genital warts, and thus contribute to the elevated risk of malignancy. To test this hypothesis, we used real-time PCR to assess the presence of HPV DNA of 16 types (2 LR-HPV and 14 HR-HPV), in 75 formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded histopathological samples of oral and oropharyngeal papillomas and in 57 squamous cell carcinomas from the same regions...
June 21, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637906/anogenital-warts-and-other-hpv-associated-anogenital-lesions-in-the-hiv-positive-patient-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-interventions-assessed-in-controlled-clinical-trials
#9
Ricardo Niklas Werner, Lukas Westfechtel, Corinna Dressler, Alexander Nast
OBJECTIVES: Anogenital warts (AGW, condylomata acuminata) and intraepithelial neoplasia (IEN) do not only impact health and social well-being, they are also associated with considerable costs for the healthcare systems. Immunocompromised and HIV-positive patients carry the highest epidemiological burden of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and comprise a population specifically susceptible to treatment failures and recurrences. This systematic review aimed at identifying and appraising the available evidence from controlled studies of interventions for the treatment of AGW and IEN in immunocompromised patients...
June 21, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636869/association-between-sexual-mixing-and-genital-warts-in-heterosexual-men-in-australia-the-herd-protection-from-the-female-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-program
#10
Eric P F Chow, Christopher K Fairley
Australian-born women aged ≤32 years were eligible for the free female human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination program introduced in 2007. A total of 1165 heterosexual couples attending the Melbourne Sexual Health Centre between 2011 and 2014 were included in this analysis. Findings showed the odds of having penile warts was 0.52-fold lower among men who had a female partner aged ≤32 years compared with men who had a female partners aged >32 years. This suggests men would have received herd protection from their female partners and hence they are at lower risk of acquiring genital warts...
October 2016: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634034/absence-of-%C3%AE-chain-in-keratinocytes-alters-chemokine-secretion-resulting-in-reduced-immune-cell-recruitment
#11
Karolin Nowak, Daniela Linzner, Adrian J Thrasher, Paul F Lambert, Wei Li Di, Siobhan O Burns
Loss of function mutations in the common gamma (γc) chain cytokine receptor subunit give rise to severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) characterised by lack of T and natural killer cells and infant death from infection. Haematopoietic stem cell transplantation or gene therapy offer cure but despite successful replacement of lymphoid immune lineages a long-term risk of severe cutaneous human papilloma virus (HPV) infections persists, possibly related to persistent γc-deficiency in other cell types. Here we demonstrate that keratinocytes, the only cell type directly infected by HPV, express functional γc and its co-receptors...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633751/use-of-a-punch-tool-for-paring-plantar-warts-in-an-awl-like-manner
#12
Brett Neill, Anand Rajpara, Deede Liu, Daniel Aires
Paring is useful for both diagnosis and treatment of plantar warts. Paring techniques generally involve scalpel blades, abrasive tools, or curettes. However, these tools do not permit the use of an "awl-like" carving technique of the wart afforded by using a punch biopsy tool. We have found this technique to be associated with greater precision and safety, as well as potentially increased efficacy compared to traditional methods.
June 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626743/phytochemical-screening-and-cytotoxic-evaluation-of-euphorbia-turcomanica-on-hela-and-ht-29-tumor-cell-lines
#13
Mehdi Aliomrani, Abbas Jafarian, Behzad Zolfaghari
BACKGROUND: Cancer is a term for a large group of different diseases, all involving uncontrolled cell growth. Many of Euphorbiaceae plants have been traditionally used for the treatment of ulcers, tumors, warts, and other diseases. In addition, in the last decade, there are studies showing cytotoxic effects of different species of Euphorbia on tumor cell lines. In this study, we attempted to determine if Euphorbia turcomanica possess any cytotoxic activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Solvents extracted the plant powder with various polarities by a maceration method, and qualitative phytochemical analyzes were carried out on them to identify the constituents...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625118/sexual-behaviors-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-male-veterans-and-nonveterans
#14
Mark W Evans, Sonya Borrero, Jonathan Yabes, Elian A Rosenfeld
Little is known about the sexual health of male veterans. This study used nationally representative data from the 2011 to 2013 National Survey of Family Growth to compare sexual behaviors and history of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) between male veterans and nonveterans. The sample included 3,860 men aged 18 to 44 years who reported ever having sex with a man or woman. The key independent variable was veteran status. Sexual behavior outcomes included ≥6 lifetime female partners, ≥10 lifetime partners of either sex, ≥2 past-year partners of either sex, having past-year partners of both sexes, and condom nonuse at last vaginal sex...
July 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620555/a-discussion-of-high-risk-hpv-in-a-6-year-old-female-survivor-of-child-sexual-abuse
#15
Connie D Cao, Lena Merjanian, Joelle Pierre, Adrian Balica
BACKGROUND: Human papilloma viruses (HPVs) cause a variety of clinical manifestations in children including skin warts, laryngeal papillomas, and condyloma acuminatum. Whereas the mode of transmission is well understood and management of HPV infection is clearly defined by guidelines in adults, less is known about the mode of transmission, natural history of disease, and appropriate management of high-risk anogenital HPV infections in children. CASE: The patient is a previously healthy 6-year-old female who presented with multiple vaginal lesions causing pain and discomfort and was diagnosed with HPV 18 positive CIN I...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620086/a-genetic-screen-reveals-an-unexpected-role-for-yorkie-signaling-in-jak-stat-dependent-hematopoietic-malignancies-in-drosophila-melanogaster
#16
Abigail M Anderson, Alessandro A Bailetti, Elizabeth Rodkin, Atish De, Erika A Bach
A gain-of-function mutation in the tyrosine kinase JAK2 (JAK2(V617F) ) causes human myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs). These patients present with high numbers of myeloid lineage cells and have numerous complications. Since current MPN therapies are not curative, there is a need to find new regulators and targets of JAK/STAT signaling that may represent additional clinical interventions. Drosophila melanogaster offers a low complexity model to study MPNs as JAK/STAT signaling is simplified with only one JAK (Hopscotch (Hop)) and one STAT (Stat92E)...
June 15, 2017: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619577/ingenol-mebutate-for-the-management-of-genital-warts-in-sensitive-anatomic-locations
#17
Stephan Alexander Braun, Peter Arne Gerber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607602/cervical-cancers-manifest-a-high-rate-of-infection-by-a-high-risk-human-papilloma-virus-subtype-but-a-very-low-rate-of-infection-by-a-low-risk-subtype-in-the-guiyang-district-of-china
#18
Juan Peng, Yan Yuan, Feng Shen, Yan Wang, Lichan Chen, D Joshua Liao, Yujie Tan
The prevalence of infection by different genotypes of human papillomavirus (HPV) varies among different geographic areas. We studied the prevalence of infection by 21 HPV genotypes in cervical tissue specimens from 4213 women in the Guiyang district, that is located in the southwest of China and is dominated by minor ethnicities of Chinese, and 2074 cases in our cohort had pathological diagnosis available. The overall infection rate was 36.98%. Most (72.08%) infectors were positive for only one HPV subtype, with the remaining being cases infected by two or more subtypes...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604258/relationship-between-maternal-experiences-and-adolescent-hpv-vaccination
#19
Abbey B Berenson, V Gnaukita Brown, Erika L Fuchs, Jacqueline M Hirth, Mihyun Chang
The human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine has been available for over a decade but its uptake rate is still low. To explore the relationship between the HPV vaccination status of a child and their mother's beliefs, behaviors and knowledge, we surveyed 1497 women with at least one child aged 9-17 y between September 2011 and November 2015. Physician recommendation was the most important factor associated with reported child vaccination status. Mothers who reported receiving a provider recommendation for the HPV vaccine were 32 times more likely to have a child who had been vaccinated compared with mothers who did not report provider recommendation (aOR) = 32...
June 12, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602548/impact-of-quadrivalent-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-on-genital-warts-in-an-opportunistic-vaccination-structure
#20
Samuel Lurie, Yossi Mizrachi, Gabi Chodick, Rachel Katz, Eduardo Schejter
OBJECTIVE: Genital warts are the most common sexually transmitted disease and have a detrimental impact on quality of life. Genital warts could be prevented by prophylactic HPV vaccination. The objective was to study real-life benefit of opportunistic HPV vaccination on age and gender specific incidence of genital warts. METHODS: We performed a register-based population cohort study from publicly funded health-care provider in Israel. The incidence of genital warts was assessed during three time frame intervals: 2006-2008 (pre-vaccination effect period) 2009-2012 (early post-vaccination effect period) and 2013-2015 (late post-vaccination effect period), with an average annual number of members of 1,765,481, 1,906,774 and 2,042,678 in the years 2006-2008, 2009-2012 and 2013-2015, respectively...
June 8, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
keyword
keyword
8490
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"