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second stage of labor

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547269/effect-of-intermittent-versus-continuous-bladder-catheterization-on-duration-of-the-second-stage-of-labor-among-nulliparous-women-with-an-epidural-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Abeer Suleiman, Sobhiya Mruwat-Rabah, Gali Garmi, Dorit Dagilayske, Tair Zelichover, Raed Salim
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Catheterization type among women laboring with epidural analgesia who develop bladder retention has been reported to affect labor duration and mode of delivery. We aimed to compare the effect of continuous bladder catheterization (CC) with that of intermittent bladder catheterization (IC) on the duration of the second stage of labor. METHODS: In a randomized trial, term nulliparous women with singleton gestation who requested epidural analgesia and were unable to void spontaneously were eligible and randomized to either CC or IC...
May 25, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535320/effectiveness-of-a-labor-cervical-exam-model-in-family-medicine-and-ob-gyn-residents
#2
Joshua F Nitsche, Nora F Fino, Jose M Palomo, Abraham Portillo Perdomo, Brian C Brost
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Labor cervical exam accuracy is an essential skill for family medicine and OB-GYN residents to master. To determine the effectiveness of simulation on labor cervical exam training, family medicine and OB-GYN residents were trained using a self-constructed PVC pipe-based cervical exam model during a short and intensive simulation workshop or "boot camp." METHODS: A task trainer was constructed that allows for the blind examination of cervical dilation and effacement...
May 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532287/maternal-body-mass-index-and-oxytocin-exposure-in-nulliparous-women-is-there-an-interaction-associated-with-maternal-and-neonatal-morbidities
#3
Akila Subramaniam, John Owen, Sukhkamal B Campbell, Lorie M Harper, Joseph L Fitzwater, Rodney K Edwards
OBJECTIVE: Increasing body mass index (BMI) and administered doses of oxytocin are related to maternal and neonatal morbidities. We evaluated the effect of oxytocin dosage, BMI, and their interaction on select perinatal outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively studied nulliparas with singletons ≥36 weeks' gestation who received oxytocin and reached the second stage of labor. Oxytocin dosage was defined by the oxytocin product ([maximum oxytocin dose] X [duration of oxytocin infusion]/100 (milliunits))...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483643/oxytocin-administration-during-spontaneous-labor-guidelines-for-clinical-practice-chapter%C3%A2-1-definition-and-characteristics-of-normal-and-abnormal-labor
#4
R Béranger, A A Chantry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480677/what-do-obstetricians-really-think-about-ultrasound-in-the-delivery-room
#5
Yinon Gilboa, Sharon Perlman, Hila Karp, Ron Rabinovitch, Reuven Achiron
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the role of intrapartum sonography has expanded in childbirth management, in subjective clinical situations such as arrested deliveries, or prior to instrumental deliveries. OBJECTIVES: To assess the current use of intrapartum ultrasound by obstetricians in Israel. METHODS: An anonymous questionnaire was completed by 79 obstetricians in second- and third level- hospitals in Israel. The results were analyzed according to main subspecialty (sonography, delivery), experience and gender...
April 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476692/oxytocin-administration-during-spontaneous-labor-guidelines-for-clinical-practice-chapter-7-epidural-analgesia-and-use-of-oxytocin-during-spontaneous-labor
#6
Catherine Fischer
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between epidural analgesia and oxytocin use during spontaneous labor. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic review of the literature via the Medline and Cochrane databases. The key words used for this analysis included oxytocin and epidural. The articles selected related only to spontaneous labor. RESULTS: Based on data reflecting at least in part older practices of epidural analgesia that used high quantities of local anesthetic, studies of the effects of epidural analgesia suggest that those epidural methods had little effect on the first stage of labor but prolonged the second stage and increased the rate of instrumental but not cesarean delivery...
May 2, 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476691/oxytocin-administration-during-spontaneous-labor-guidelines-for-clinical-practice-guidelines-short-text
#7
C Dupont, M Carayol, C Le Ray, C Deneux-Tharaux, D Riethmuller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473290/oxytocin-administration-during-spontaneous-labor-guidelines-for-clinical-practice-chapter-3-interventions-associated-with-oxytocin-administration-during-spontaneous-labor
#8
C Barasinski, F Vendittelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473289/oxytocin-administration-during-spontaneous-labor-guidelines-for-clinical-practice-chapter-2-indications-of-oxytocin-according-the-first-and-second-stages-of-spontaneous-labor
#9
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470550/the-effect-of-type-and-volume-of-fluid-hydration-on-labor-duration-of-nulliparous-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Gali Garmi, Sivan Zuarez-Easton, Noah Zafran, Iris Ohel, Ilanit Berkovich, Raed Salim
PURPOSE: Type and volume of fluid administered for intrapartum maintenance had been reported to differently affect labor length, delivery mode, and cord artery pH and glucose level. We aimed to compare the effect of three different fluid regimens on labor duration. METHODS: In a randomized trial, healthy nulliparous in labor were randomized into one of three intravenous fluid regimens: group 1, the reference group, lactated Ringer's solution infused at a rate of 125 mL/h; group 2, lactated Ringer's solution infused at a rate of 250 mL/h; group 3, 0...
May 3, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455080/the-maternal-childbirth-experience-more-than-a-decade-after-delivery
#11
Carla M Bossano, Kelly M Townsend, Alexandra C Walton, Joan L Blomquist, Victoria L Handa
BACKGROUND: Maternal satisfaction with the birth experience is multidimensional and influenced by many factors, including mode of delivery. To date, few studies have investigated maternal satisfaction outside of the immediate postpartum period. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether differences in satisfaction based on mode of delivery are observed more than a decade after delivery. STUDY DESIGN: This was a planned, supplementary analysis of data collected for the Mothers' Outcomes after Delivery (MOAD) study, a longitudinal cohort study of pelvic floor disorders in parous women and their association with mode of delivery...
April 25, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438273/yoga-during-pregnancy-the-effects-on-labor-pain-and-delivery-outcomes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Fereshteh Jahdi, Fatemeh Sheikhan, Hamid Haghani, Bahare Sharifi, Azizeh Ghaseminejad, Mahshad Khodarahmian, Nicole Rouhana
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of an antenatal yoga program on perceived maternal labor pain and delivery outcomes. MATERIAL & METHODS: This randomized control trial was conducted with sixty primiparous women, aged 18-35 years old, who were randomly assigned to either an antenatal yoga program or control groups. Labor pain and discomfort level of the participants were measured using a Visual Analogue Scale at cervical dilatation of 3-4 c and at 2 and 4 h after the initial measurement...
May 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438209/selective-episiotomy-vs-implementation-of-a-non-episiotomy-protocol-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
M M Amorim, Isabela Cristina Coutinho, Inês Melo, Leila Katz
BACKGROUND: Despite all the evidence corroborating the selective use of episiotomy and although routine use of the procedure is contraindicated, there are no evidences corroborating if episiotomy is necessary in any circumstance. The present clinical randomized trial was performed to compare maternal and perinatal outcomes in women submitted to a non-episiotomy protocol versus one of selective episiotomy. METHODS: An open-labelled, randomized clinical trial was carried out in a tertiary teaching hospital in Recife, Northeastern Brazil...
April 24, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406564/neonatal-shoulder-width-suggests-a-semirotational-oblique-birth-mechanism-in-australopithecus-afarensis
#14
Jeremy M DeSilva, Natalie M Laudicina, Karen R Rosenberg, Wenda R Trevathan
Birth mechanics in early hominins are often reconstructed based on cephalopelvic proportions, with little attention paid to neonatal shoulders. Here, we find that neonatal biacromial breadth can be estimated from adult clavicular length (R(2) = 0.80) in primates. Using this relationship and clavicular length from adult Australopithecus afarensis, we estimate biacromial breadth in neonatal australopiths. Combined with neonatal head dimensions, we reconstruct birth in A. afarensis (A.L. 288-1 or Lucy) and find that the most likely mechanism of birth in this early hominin was a semi-rotational oblique birth in which the head engaged and passed through the inlet transversely, but then rotated so that the head and shoulders remained perpendicular and progressed through the midplane and outlet oblique to the main axis of the female pelvis...
May 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405063/perineal-body-length-and-perineal-lacerations-during-delivery-in-primigravid-patients
#15
T Lance Lane, Christopher P Chung, Paul M Yandell, Thomas J Kuehl, Wilma I Larsen
This study assessed the relation between perineal body length and the risk of perineal laceration extending into the anal sphincter during vaginal delivery in primigravid patients at an institution with a low utilization of episiotomy. This was a prospective study of primigravid patients in active labor. Primigravid women with singleton pregnancies who were in the first stage of labor at 37 weeks gestation or greater were recruited, and the admitting physician measured the length of the perineal body. The degree of perineal laceration and other delivery characteristics were recorded...
April 2017: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389222/cesarean-delivery-in-the-second-stage-of-labor-and-the-risk-of-subsequent-premature-birth
#16
Stephen L Wood, Selphee Tang, Susan Crawford
BACKGROUND: Cesarean delivery is being increasingly used by obstetricians for indicated deliveries in the second stage of labor. Unplanned extension of the uterine incision involving the cervix often occurs with these surgeries. Therefore, we hypothesized that cesarean delivery in the second stage of labor may increase the rate of subsequent spontaneous premature birth. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine if cesarean delivery in the late first stage of labor or in the second stage of labor increases the risk of a subsequent spontaneous preterm birth...
April 4, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386483/mode-of-delivery-according-to-leisure-time-physical-activity-before-and-during-pregnancy-a-multicenter-cohort-study-of-low-risk-women
#17
Emilie Nor Nielsen, Per Kragh Andersen, Hanne Kristine Hegaard, Mette Juhl
Objectives. To examine the association between maternal leisure time physical activity and mode of delivery. Study Design. Population-based multicentre cohort. From the Danish Dystocia Study, we included 2,435 nulliparous women, who delivered a singleton infant in cephalic presentation at term after spontaneous onset of labor in 2004-2005. We analysed mode of delivery according to self-reported physical activity at four stages, that is, the year before pregnancy and during first, second, and third trimester, in logistic regression models...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382061/effect-of-breathing-technique-of-blowing-on-the-extent-of-damage-to-the-perineum-at-the-moment-of-delivery-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Zohre Ahmadi, Shahnaz Torkzahrani, Firouze Roosta, Nezhat Shakeri, Zohre Mhmoodi
INTRODUCTION: One of the important tasks in managing labor is the protection of perineum. An important variable affecting this outcome is maternal pushing during the second stage of labor. This study was done to investigate the effect of breathing technique on perineal damage extention in laboring Iranian women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was performed on 166 nulliparous pregnant women who had reached full-term pregnancy, had low risk pregnancy, and were candidates for vaginal delivery in two following groups: using breathing techniques (case group) and valsalva maneuver (control group)...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378179/non-progressive-labor-in-the-second-stage-leading-to-vacuum-extraction-is-a-risk-factor-for-recurrent-non-progressive-labor
#19
Avi Harlev, Sarah K Fatool, Ruslan Sergienko, Eyal Sheiner
OBJECTIVE: To address risk factors and perinatal outcomes after vacuum-assisted delivery (VAD) due to non-progressive labor (NPL) 2nd stage, and to assess its impact on the subsequent delivery. METHODS: A retrospective, population-based cohort study was conducted in a tertiary medical center. Maternal characteristics, and maternal and neonatal outcomes of singleton pregnancies that resulted in VAD due to NPL 2nd stage were compared to those that resulted in VAD due to other indications...
April 4, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376550/influence-of-patient-level-factors-on-mode-of-delivery-among-operative-vaginal-delivery-candidates-in-modern-practice
#20
Torri D Metz, Christina Gonzalez, Amanda A Allshouse, Erick Henry, Sean Esplin
Objective We aimed to evaluate which patient-level factors influence mode of delivery among candidates for operative vaginal delivery. Study Design Cross-sectional study of candidates for operative vaginal delivery from 18 hospitals over 8 years. Probabilities of mode of delivery were estimated using hierarchical logistic modeling adjusting for clustering within physician and hospital. Results Total 3,771 (64%) women delivered with forceps, 1,474 (25%) vacuums, and 665 (11%) cesareans. Odds of forceps versus vacuum were higher with induction (OR = 2...
April 4, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
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