keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

second stage of labor

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715964/uterine-and-abdominal-muscle-electromyographic-activities-in-control-and-pcea-treated-nulliparous-women-during-the-second-stage-of-labor
#1
Xueya Qian, Pin Li, Shao-Qing Shi, Robert E Garfield, Huishu Liu
OBJECTIVE: Patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA), used to relieve pain during delivery, delays labor but the mechanism is unknown. The aim was to investigate the effects of PCEA on uterine and abdominal muscles electromyographic (EMG) activity during the second stage of labor. METHODS: This study included 45 nulliparous pregnant women without PCEA, 42 women with standard PCEA treatment given during the first stage of labor and stopped near the end of the first stage, and 22 women with standard PCEA treatment with continued use throughout the first and second stages of labor...
August 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706170/-multiple-factors-in-the-second-trimester-of-pregnancy-on-preterm-labor-symptoms-and-preterm-birth
#2
Jeung Im Kim, Mi Ock Cho, Gyu Yeon Choi
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the influence of various factors on preterm labor symptoms (PLS) and preterm birth (PB). METHODS: This prospective cohort study included 193 women in the second stage of pregnancy. Multiple characteristics including body mass index (BMI), smoking, and pregnancy complications were collected through a self-report questionnaire. Pregnancy stress and PLS were each measured with a related scale. Cervical length and birth outcome were evaluated from medical charts...
June 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699402/the-management-of-episiotomy-technique-and-its-effect-on-pelvic-floor-muscles-during-a-malposition-childbirth
#3
Dulce A Oliveira, Marco P L Parente, Begoña Calvo, Teresa Mascarenhas, Renato M Natal Jorge
Vaginal childbirth is the leading cause of pelvic floor muscles injury, which contributes to pelvic floor dysfunction, being enhanced by fetal malposition. Therefore, the aim of the present study is to verify the influence of mediolateral episiotomies in the mechanics of the pelvic floor with the fetus in occiput posterior position when compared to the occiput anterior position. Numerical simulations of vaginal deliveries, with and without episiotomy, are performed based on the Finite Element Method. The biomechanical model includes the pelvic floor muscles, a surface to delimit the anterior region of the birth canal and a fetus...
August 2017: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690864/surgical-site-infections-after-cesarean-delivery-epidemiology-prevention-and-treatment
#4
REVIEW
Tetsuya Kawakita, Helain J Landy
Cesarean delivery (CD) is one of the most common procedures performed in the United States, accounting for 32% of all deliveries. Postpartum surgical site infection (SSI), wound infection and endometritis is a major cause of prolonged hospital stay and poses a burden to the health care system. SSIs complicate a significant number of patients who undergo CD - 2-7% will experience sound infections and 2-16% will develop endometritis. Many risk factors for SSI have been described. These include maternal factors (such as tobacco use; limited prenatal care; obesity; corticosteroid use; nulliparity; twin gestations; and previous CD), intrapartum and operative factors (such as chorioamnionitis; premature rupture of membranes; prolonged rupture of membranes; prolonged labor, particularly prolonged second stage; large incision length; subcutaneous tissue thickness > 3 cm; subcutaneous hematoma; lack of antibiotic prophylaxis; emergency delivery; and excessive blood loss), and obstetrical care on the teaching service of an academic institution...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640477/is-a-prolonged-second-stage-of-labor-too-long
#5
EDITORIAL
Sarah M Cohen, Michal Lipschuetz, Simcha Yagel
Professional guidelines define the second stage of labor as 'prolonged' at three hours for primiparous women with an epidural and two hours without, and at two hours for parous women with an epidural and one hour without(1). NICE guidelines from the UK define second stage length similarly, but take into consideration passive time at full cervical dilation and the time in active pushing(2).
June 22, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631876/incidence-of-episiotomy-in-slovenia-the-story-behind-the-numbers
#6
Anita Jug Došler, Ana Polona Mivšek, Ivan Verdenik, Teja Škodič Zakšek, Tina Levec, Petra Petročnik
Episiotomy is a surgical cut of the perineum performed in the second stage of labor in order to widen the vaginal opening and thus facilitate the birth of an infant. Despite current recommendations against the routine use of episiotomy, it is one of the most commonly performed surgical interventions during childbirth. This retrospective study explores the number of episiotomies performed in Slovenian maternity hospitals and the differences in episiotomy rates in relation to parity. Data were obtained from the Slovenian National Perinatal Information System and pooled for 2013...
June 20, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602033/a-cross-sectional-study-exploring-the-incidence-of-and-indications-for-second-stage-cesarean-delivery-over-three-decades
#7
Greg A Pearson, Ian Z Mackenzie
OBJECTIVE: To observe the incidence of, indications for, and complications associated with second-stage cesarean delivery in 10-year intervals over 30 years. METHODS: The present analysis of prospectively collected data compared cesarean deliveries during 1976, 1986, 1996, and 2006 at John Radcliffe Hospital in Oxford, UK (n=3222). Pregnancy, delivery, and neonatal details were reviewed. RESULTS: The proportion of deliveries by cesarean in the second stage of labor increased from 0...
June 11, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590104/time-remaining-in-labor-and-probability-of-vaginal-delivery-as-a-function-of-the-angle-of-progression-in-a-low-risk-population-with-a-normal-first-stage-of-labor-in-house-observational-study-and-comparison-with-the-data-in-the-literature
#8
Bianca Masturzo, Annalisa Piazzese, Sara Paracchini, Maria S Quezada, Tullia Todros, Antonio Farina
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate whether the angle of progression (AoP), as measured by transperineal ultrasound, was predictive of both the time remaining in labor and vaginal delivery. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective observational cohort study involving 270 low-risk women with singleton pregnancies at term. The AoP, measured at the end of the first stage of labor, was used as a predictive variable of time remaining in labor and mode of delivery...
June 7, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547269/effect-of-intermittent-versus-continuous-bladder-catheterization-on-duration-of-the-second-stage-of-labor-among-nulliparous-women-with-an-epidural-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Abeer Suleiman, Sobhiya Mruwat-Rabah, Gali Garmi, Dorit Dagilayske, Tair Zelichover, Raed Salim
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Catheterization type among women laboring with epidural analgesia who develop bladder retention has been reported to affect labor duration and mode of delivery. We aimed to compare the effect of continuous bladder catheterization (CC) with that of intermittent bladder catheterization (IC) on the duration of the second stage of labor. METHODS: In a randomized trial, term nulliparous women with singleton gestation who requested epidural analgesia and were unable to void spontaneously were eligible and randomized to either CC or IC...
May 25, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535320/effectiveness-of-a-labor-cervical-exam-model-in-family-medicine-and-ob-gyn-residents
#10
Joshua F Nitsche, Nora F Fino, Jose M Palomo, Abraham Portillo Perdomo, Brian C Brost
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Labor cervical exam accuracy is an essential skill for family medicine and OB-GYN residents to master. To determine the effectiveness of simulation on labor cervical exam training, family medicine and OB-GYN residents were trained using a self-constructed PVC pipe-based cervical exam model during a short and intensive simulation workshop or "boot camp." METHODS: A task trainer was constructed that allows for the blind examination of cervical dilation and effacement...
May 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532287/maternal-body-mass-index-and-oxytocin-exposure-in-nulliparous-women-is-there-an-interaction-associated-with-maternal-and-neonatal-morbidities
#11
Akila Subramaniam, John Owen, Sukhkamal B Campbell, Lorie M Harper, Joseph L Fitzwater, Rodney K Edwards
OBJECTIVE: Increasing body mass index (BMI) and administered doses of oxytocin are related to maternal and neonatal morbidities. We evaluated the effect of oxytocin dosage, BMI, and their interaction on select perinatal outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively studied nulliparas with singletons ≥36 weeks' gestation who received oxytocin and reached the second stage of labor. Oxytocin dosage was defined by the oxytocin product ([maximum oxytocin dose] × [duration of oxytocin infusion]/100 (milliunits))...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483643/oxytocin-administration-during-spontaneous-labor-guidelines-for-clinical-practice-chapter%C3%A2-1-definition-and-characteristics-of-normal-and-abnormal-labor
#12
R Béranger, A A Chantry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2017: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480677/what-do-obstetricians-really-think-about-ultrasound-in-the-delivery-room
#13
Yinon Gilboa, Sharon Perlman, Hila Karp, Ron Rabinovitch, Reuven Achiron
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the role of intrapartum sonography has expanded in childbirth management, in subjective clinical situations such as arrested deliveries, or prior to instrumental deliveries. OBJECTIVES: To assess the current use of intrapartum ultrasound by obstetricians in Israel. METHODS: An anonymous questionnaire was completed by 79 obstetricians in second- and third level- hospitals in Israel. The results were analyzed according to main subspecialty (sonography, delivery), experience and gender...
April 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476692/oxytocin-administration-during-spontaneous-labor-guidelines-for-clinical-practice-chapter-7-epidural-analgesia-and-use-of-oxytocin-during-spontaneous-labor
#14
C Fischer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2017: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476691/oxytocin-administration-during-spontaneous-labor-guidelines-for-clinical-practice-guidelines-short-text
#15
C Dupont, M Carayol, C Le Ray, C Deneux-Tharaux, D Riethmuller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2017: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473290/oxytocin-administration-during-spontaneous-labor-guidelines-for-clinical-practice-chapter-3-interventions-associated-with-oxytocin-administration-during-spontaneous-labor
#16
C Barasinski, F Vendittelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2017: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473289/oxytocin-administration-during-spontaneous-labor-guidelines-for-clinical-practice-chapter-2-indications-of-oxytocin-according-the-first-and-second-stages-of-spontaneous-labor
#17
L Gaucher, C Le Ray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470550/the-effect-of-type-and-volume-of-fluid-hydration-on-labor-duration-of-nulliparous-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Gali Garmi, Sivan Zuarez-Easton, Noah Zafran, Iris Ohel, Ilanit Berkovich, Raed Salim
PURPOSE: Type and volume of fluid administered for intrapartum maintenance had been reported to differently affect labor length, delivery mode, and cord artery pH and glucose level. We aimed to compare the effect of three different fluid regimens on labor duration. METHODS: In a randomized trial, healthy nulliparous in labor were randomized into one of three intravenous fluid regimens: group 1, the reference group, lactated Ringer's solution infused at a rate of 125 mL/h; group 2, lactated Ringer's solution infused at a rate of 250 mL/h; group 3, 0...
June 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455080/the-maternal-childbirth-experience-more-than-a-decade-after-delivery
#19
Carla M Bossano, Kelly M Townsend, Alexandra C Walton, Joan L Blomquist, Victoria L Handa
BACKGROUND: Maternal satisfaction with the birth experience is multidimensional and influenced by many factors, including mode of delivery. To date, few studies have investigated maternal satisfaction outside of the immediate postpartum period. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether differences in satisfaction based on mode of delivery are observed more than a decade after delivery. STUDY DESIGN: This was a planned, supplementary analysis of data collected for the Mothers' Outcomes after Delivery study, a longitudinal cohort study of pelvic floor disorders in parous women and their association with mode of delivery...
April 25, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438273/yoga-during-pregnancy-the-effects-on-labor-pain-and-delivery-outcomes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Fereshteh Jahdi, Fatemeh Sheikhan, Hamid Haghani, Bahare Sharifi, Azizeh Ghaseminejad, Mahshad Khodarahmian, Nicole Rouhana
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of an antenatal yoga program on perceived maternal labor pain and delivery outcomes. MATERIAL & METHODS: This randomized control trial was conducted with sixty primiparous women, aged 18-35 years old, who were randomly assigned to either an antenatal yoga program or control groups. Labor pain and discomfort level of the participants were measured using a Visual Analogue Scale at cervical dilatation of 3-4 c and at 2 and 4 h after the initial measurement...
May 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
keyword
keyword
84882
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"