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nurses' health study II

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772609/measuring-outcomes-of-digital-technology-assisted-nursing-postpartum-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Deborah E Mccarter, Eugene Demidenko, Mark T Hegel
AIM: To determine if delivering electronic messages from nurses during the first six months postpartum is feasible, acceptable and effective in improving mood and decreasing parenting stress. BACKGROUND: Competing demands during the postpartum hospitalization make focused time for nurses to provide education and support difficult. Unmet needs following discharge may increase the incidence of postpartum depression. Untreated depression negatively affects families, especially for vulnerable women with limited access to health care...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762891/assistants-in-nursing-working-with-mental-health-consumers-in-the-emergency-department
#2
Adam Gerace, Eimear Muir-Cochrane, Deb O'Kane, Leah Couzner, Christine Palmer, Karleen Thornton
Nursing students, regardless of setting, require skills in working with people with mental health issues. One way to provide students with learning opportunities within the context of limited undergraduate mental health content and lack of mental health placements is through employment as assistants in nursing (AIN). The purpose of the study was to investigate the use of AINs employed in an emergency department in South Australia to supervise (continuous observation) mental health consumers on inpatient treatment orders...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762636/association-of-maternal-exposure-to-childhood-abuse-with-elevated-risk-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-offspring
#3
Andrea L Roberts, Zeyan Liew, Kristen Lyall, Alberto Ascherio, Marc G Weisskopf
Children whose mothers experienced childhood abuse are more likely to suffer various neurodevelopmental deficits. Whether an association exists specifically for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is unknown. We examined the association of maternal experience of childhood abuse with ADHD in offspring, assessed by maternal report of diagnosis and validated with the ADHD Rating Scale-IV in a subsample, in the Nurses' Health Study II (n = 49,497 mothers, N offspring cases = 7,607, N offspring controls = 102,151)...
May 14, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758117/associations-among-nursing-work-environment-and-health-promoting-behaviors-of-nurses-and-nursing-performance-quality-a-multilevel-modeling-approach
#4
Hyeonmi Cho, Kihye Han
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the relationships among the unit-level nursing work environment and individual-level health-promoting behaviors of hospital nurses in South Korea and their perceived nursing performance quality. METHODS: This study used a cross-sectional design. Data were collected using self-reported questionnaires from 432 nurses in 57 units at five hospitals in South Korea. Nursing performance quality, nursing work environment, and health-promoting behaviors were measured using the Six Dimension Scale of Nursing Performance, Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index, and Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile-II, respectively...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757819/job-satisfaction-and-empowerment-of-self-employed-nurse-practitioners-a-mixed-methods-study
#5
Catherine Lyden, L Kathleen Sekula, Barbara Higgins, Rick Zoucha
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Self-employed nurse practitioners (NPs) have been part of the American health care landscape since the 1970s, owning practices throughout the United States. The purpose of this study was to explore and measure the 2 characteristics of job satisfaction and empowerment in self-employed NPs practicing within the 50 states and District of Columbia and to explore factors that influence these characteristics. METHODS: A convergent parallel design, mixed methods study, using a survey and semistructured interviews, was completed...
February 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757402/adherence-to-healthful-dietary-patterns-is-associated-with-lower-risk-of-hearing-loss-in-women
#6
Sharon G Curhan, Molin Wang, Roland D Eavey, Meir J Stampfer, Gary C Curhan
Background: Specific nutrients have been associated with hearing status, but associations between healthful dietary patterns and risk of hearing loss have not been prospectively evaluated. Objective: We sought to prospectively examine the relations between adherence to the Alternate Mediterranean diet (AMED), the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH), and the Alternative Healthy Eating Index-2010 (AHEI-2010), and risk of hearing loss. Methods: We conducted a longitudinal cohort study (1991-2013) of 81,818 women in the Nurses' Health Study II, aged 27-44 y at baseline...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756097/evaluation-of-stressors-in-intensive-care-units
#7
Yücel Gültekin, Zerrin Özçelik, Seda Banu Akıncı, Halil Kaya Yorgancı
Objective: Physical and psychological stressors adversely affect the treatment and length of stay of patients in intensive care units. In this study, we aimed to describe environmental and psychological stressors affecting intensive care unit patients and to determine their priorities. Material and Methods: In this study, the 40-item Intensive Care Unit Environmental Stressor Scale was administered to patients in the General Surgery Intensive Care Unit and the Anesthesiology and Reanimation Intensive Care Unit...
2018: Turkish Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745001/focus-group-discussions-of-registered-nurses-perceptions-of-challenges-in-the-medication-administration-process
#8
Marja Härkänen, Alwiena Blignaut, Katri Vehviläinen-Julkunen
Medication administration (MA) holds a great threat to patient safety, as MA errors remain a global problem. Nurses are key role players in the MA process and can give valuable information from the grassroots level. The aim of the present study was to describe registered nurses' perceptions related to challenges in the MA process. Focus group interviews with registered nurses (n = 20) in two central hospitals in Finland were conducted in 2015. Inductive content analysis was performed. Nurses described multiple challenges during MA, which made the process demanding...
May 10, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732600/how-patient-participation-is-constructed-in-mental-health-care-a-grounded-theory-study
#9
Kim Jørgensen, Jacob Dahl Rendtorff, Mari Holen
AIM: The aim of the study was to explore how patient participation is constructed in social interaction processes between nurses, other health professionals and service users, and which structures provide a framework for the participation of service users in a psychiatric context? METHODOLOGICAL DESIGN: Ten tape-recorded interviews of nurses and observations of interactions between nurses, other health professionals and service users reflected differing constructed views of patient participation...
May 6, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730204/menopause-and-risk-of-kidney-stones
#10
Megan Prochaska, Eric N Taylor, Gary Curhan
BACKGROUND: Metabolic changes due to menopause may alter urine composition and kidney stone risk but results from prior work on this association have been mixed. We examined menopause and risk of incident kidney stones and changes in 24-hour urine composition in the Nurses' Health Study II. METHODS: We conducted a prospective analysis of 108,639 Nurses' Health Study II participants who provided information on menopause and kidney stones. We used multivariate adjusted Cox proportional hazards models...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720541/risk-of-type-2-diabetes-among-lesbian-bisexual-and-heterosexual-women-findings-from-the-nurses-health-study-ii
#11
Heather L Corliss, Nicole A VanKim, Hee-Jin Jun, S Bryn Austin, Biling Hong, Molin Wang, Frank B Hu
OBJECTIVE: Lesbian and bisexual (LB) women are more likely than heterosexual women to exhibit risk factors for type 2 diabetes, but studies estimating the burden of type 2 diabetes among LB women are uncommon and limited to cross-sectional designs. This study investigated incidence of type 2 diabetes in LB women and heterosexual women in a large, longitudinal U.S. cohort. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Women participating in the Nurses' Health Study II ages 24-44 years in 1989 were prospectively followed through 2013...
May 2, 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716928/dairy-consumption-in-adolescence-and-early-adulthood-and-risk-of-breast-cancer
#12
Maryam S Farvid, A Heather Eliassen, Eunyoung Cho, Wendy Y Chen, Walter C Willett
Background: Carcinogenic exposure in early life may be critical for subsequent breast cancer risk. Dairy consumption was examined during adolescence and early adulthood in relation to incident breast cancer in the Nurses' Health Study II cohort. Methods: For the analyses of early adulthood dairy consumption, we included 90,503 premenopausal women ages 27 to 44 years in 1991 who reported dairy consumption using a validated food-frequency questionnaire. From 1991 to 2013, 3,191 invasive breast cancer cases were identified...
May 2018: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714028/the-prevalence-and-health-burden-of-malnutrition-in-belgian-older-people-in-the-community-or-residing-in-nursing-homes-results-of-the-nutriaction-ii-study
#13
Maurits F J Vandewoude, Janneke P van Wijngaarden, Lieven De Maesschalck, Yvette C Luiking, André Van Gossum
INTRODUCTION: In 2008, the NutriAction study showed that (risk of) malnutrition was highly prevalent (57%) among Belgian older people living in the community or in a nursing home. In 2013, this study was repeated to re-evaluate the occurrence of malnutrition, as well as mobility problems and dependence in activities of daily living (ADL). METHODS: Health care professionals (HCPs) associated with homecare organizations and nursing homes across Belgium were invited to screen their patients and complete an online questionnaire...
April 30, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695135/general-practitioners-perceptions-of-heat-health-impacts-on-the-elderly-in-the-face-of-climate-change-a-qualitative-study-in-baden-w%C3%A3-rttemberg-germany
#14
Alina Herrmann, Rainer Sauerborn
Heat health impacts (HHI) on the elderly are a growing concern in the face of climate change and aging populations. General practitioners (GPs) have an important role in health care for the elderly. To inform the development of effective prevention measures, it is important to investigate GPs’ perceptions of HHI. Twenty four qualitative expert interviews were conducted with GPs and analyzed using the framework approach. GPs were generally aware of heat health impacts, focusing on cardiovascular morbidity and volume imbalances...
April 24, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694375/prevalence-of-burnout-in-paediatric-nurses-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Laura Pradas-Hernández, Tania Ariza, José Luis Gómez-Urquiza, Luis Albendín-García, Emilia I De la Fuente, Guillermo A Cañadas-De la Fuente
INTRODUCTION: Although burnout in paediatric nurses has been addressed in previous research, the heterogeneous nature of the results obtained and of the variables studied highlights the need for a detailed analysis of the literature. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyse the literature on burnout characteristics, reported prevalence, severity and risk factors, to achieve a better understanding of the risk of emotional exhaustion, depersonalisation and feelings of low personal accomplishment...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659835/anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-levels-and-incidence-of-early-natural-menopause-in-a-prospective-study
#16
Elizabeth R Bertone-Johnson, JoAnn E Manson, Alexandra C Purdue-Smithe, Anne Z Steiner, A Heather Eliassen, Susan E Hankinson, Bernard A Rosner, Brian W Whitcomb
STUDY QUESTION: Are anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) levels assessed in women aged 32-44 associated with risk of incident early natural menopause? SUMMARY ANSWER: We observed strong, significant associations between lower AMH levels and higher risk of early menopause. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The ability to predict risk early menopause, defined as menopause before age 45, prior to fertility decline would improve options for family planning and cardiovascular disease prevention...
April 5, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656714/epidemiology-of-sepsis-in-intensive-care-units-in-turkey-a-multicenter-point-prevalence-study
#17
Nur Baykara, Halis Akalın, Mustafa Kemal Arslantaş, Volkan Hancı, Çiğdem Çağlayan, Ferda Kahveci, Kubilay Demirağ, Canan Baydemir, Necmettin Ünal
BACKGROUND: The prevalence and mortality of sepsis are largely unknown in Turkey, a country with high antibiotic resistance. A national, multicenter, point-prevalence study was conducted to determine the prevalence, causative microorganisms, and outcome of sepsis in intensive care units (ICUs) in Turkey. METHODS: A total of 132 ICUs from 94 hospitals participated. All patients (aged > 18 years) present at the participating ICUs or admitted for any duration within a 24-h period (08:00 on January 27, 2016 to 08:00 on January 28, 2016) were included...
April 16, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650203/do-adolescent-cancer-survivors-need-health-care-and-psychosocial-services-an-indonesian-experience
#18
Fitri Annisa, Allenidekania, Siti Chodidjah
OBJECTIVE: Advances in childhood cancer treatment have contributed to an increased survival rate among childhood cancer patients. The increasing number of survivors means that more help is needed to support them in dealing with the physical and psychosocial problems following their cancer therapy. This study explored the needs of adolescent cancer survivors in terms of health care and psychosocial services. METHOD: This qualitative research used a phenomenological approach...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618112/critical-care-in-the-military-health-system-a-survey-based-summary-of-critical-care-services
#19
Jason J Nam, Christopher J Colombo, Cristin A Mount, Elizabeth A Mann-Salinas, Ferdinand Bacomo, Adam W Bostick, Konrad Davis, James K Aden, Kevin K Chung, Mary S McCarthy, Jeremy C Pamplin
Introduction: Critical care is an important component of in-patient and combat casualty care, and it is a major contributor to U.S. healthcare costs. Regular exposure to critically ill and injured patients may directly contribute to wartime skills retention for military caregivers. Data describing critical care services in the Military Health System (MHS), however, is lacking. This study was undertaken to describe MHS critical care services, their resource utilization, and differences in care practices amongst military treatment facilities (MTFs)...
March 29, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614105/evaluating-pre-pregnancy-dietary-diversity-vs-dietary-quality-scores-as-predictors-of-gestational-diabetes-and-hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy
#20
Selma Gicevic, Audrey J Gaskins, Teresa T Fung, Bernard Rosner, Deirdre K Tobias, Sheila Isanaka, Walter C Willett
BACKGROUND: Dietary diversity scores (DDS) are considered as metrics for monitoring the implementation of the UN's Sustainable Development Goals, but they need to be rigorously evaluated. OBJECTIVE: To examine two DDS, the Food Groups Index (FGI), and the Minimum Dietary Diversity-Women (MDD-W), alongside two dietary quality scores, the Alternate Healthy Eating Index (AHEI-2010) and the Prime Diet Quality Score (PDQS), with risks of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDPs)...
2018: PloS One
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