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nurses' health study II

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902657/the-assessment-of-the-risk-of-unplanned-extubation-in-an-adult-intensive-care-unit
#1
Semine Aydoğan, Nurten Kaya
BACKGROUND: In order to plan and implement nursing intervention to reduce the incidence rate of unplanned extubation problem in the intensive care unit (ICU), it is necessary to determine the risk factors of unplanned extubation and the patients under risk. AIMS: This study was undertaken with the aim of evaluating the risk of unplanned extubation of endotracheal tube in adult ICU. DESIGN: This was a case-control study. METHODS: The population constituted patients hospitalized in the adult ICU during 1-year period in a university hospital...
January 2017: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901330/critically-ill-octogenarians-and-nonagenarians-evaluation-of-long-term-outcomes-post-hospital-trajectories-and-quality-of-life-one-year-and-seven-years-after-icu-discharge
#2
Sandra Oeyen, Joris Vermassen, Ruth Piers, Dominique Benoit, Lieven Annemans, Johan Decruyenaere
BACKGROUND: To investigate long-term outcomes, post-hospital trajectories, and quality of life (QOL) in patients ≥ 80 years admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of a tertiary care hospital. METHODS: A 1-year prospective observational cohort analysis was performed. All consecutive patients ≥ 80 years admitted to the ICU were screened for inclusion. Demographics, comorbidity, organ failures, and outcomes were analyzed. QOL before admission, 3 months, 1 year, and 7 years after ICU discharge was assessed using EuroQoL-5D (EQ-5D) and Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) questionnaires...
November 30, 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889581/handling-of-hazardous-drugs-effect-of-an-innovative-teaching-session-for-nursing-students
#3
Janine Zimmer, Stefanie Hartl, Katrin Standfuß, Till Möhn, Astrid Bertsche, Roberto Frontini, Martina P Neininger, Thilo Bertsche
BACKGROUND: Imparting knowledge and practical skills in hazardous drug handling in nursing students' education is essential to prevent hazardous exposure and to preserve nurses' health. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at comparing routine nursing education with an additional innovative teaching session. DESIGN: A prospective controlled study in nursing students was conducted in two study periods: (i) a status-quo period (routine education on handling hazardous drugs) followed by (ii) an intervention period (additional innovative teaching session on handling hazardous drugs)...
November 13, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889314/dietary-patterns-during-adulthood-among-lesbian-bisexual-and-heterosexual-women-in-the-nurses-health-study-ii
#4
Nicole A VanKim, S Bryn Austin, Hee-Jin Jun, Frank B Hu, Heather L Corliss
BACKGROUND: Lesbian and bisexual women are at greater risk of being obese than heterosexual women; however, there is little research on dietary intake among lesbian and bisexual women. OBJECTIVE: This study estimated differences in dietary quality and intake during adulthood comparing heterosexual women to lesbian and bisexual women. DESIGN: Biennial mailed questionnaires were used to collect data from a cohort between 1991 and 2011. Heterosexual-identified women were the reference group...
November 23, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873233/four-score-predicts-early-outcome-in-patients-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#5
Tee-Tau Eric Nyam, Kam-Hou Ao, Shu-Yu Hung, Mei-Li Shen, Tzu-Chieh Yu, Jinn-Rung Kuo
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to determine whether the Full Outline of UnResponsiveness (FOUR) score, which includes eyes opening (E), motor function (M), brainstem reflex (B), and respiratory pattern (R), can be used as an alternate method to the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) in predicting intensive care unit (ICU) mortality in traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients. METHODS: From January 2015 to June 2015, patients with isolated TBI admitted to the ICU were enrolled...
November 21, 2016: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865255/recommendations-for-symptom-management-in-women-with-vulvar-neoplasms-after-surgical-treatment-an-evidence-based-guideline
#6
Andrea Kobleder, Silvia Raphaelis, Agnes Glaus, Monica Fliedner, Michael D Mueller, Dinah Gafner, Larissa Gehrig, Beate Senn
PURPOSE: To develop an evidence-based guideline for nurses and other health care professionals involved in pre- and postsurgical care of women with vulvar cancer (VC) or vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN). METHODS: This evidence-based guideline was developed according to six domains of the methodological framework AGREE II. Literature research with focus on cancer care, symptom management and self-management/counselling was conducted from April to August 2013 in the databases CINAHL, Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, PubMed as well as in 14 international guideline databases...
December 2016: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865055/relationship-between-healthy-lifestyle-behaviors-and-health-locus-of-control-and-health-specific-self-efficacy-in-university-students
#7
Serap Açıkgöz Çepni, Yeter Kitiş
AIM: To investigate the relationship between the healthy lifestyle behaviors and the health locus of control and health-specific self-efficacy in university students. METHODS: The study included 572 undergraduate students of a university in the central Anatolia region of Turkey. The data were collected with the General Characteristics Form, the Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II, the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale, and the Perceived Health Competence Scale and investigated with the structural equation model...
November 11, 2016: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862985/theory-analysis-of-the-dental-hygiene-human-needs-conceptual-model
#8
L MacDonald, D M Bowen
PURPOSE: Theories provide a structural knowing about concept relationships, practice intricacies, and intuitions and thus shape the distinct body of the profession. Capturing ways of knowing and being is essential to any professions' practice, education and research. This process defines the phenomenon of the profession - its existence or experience. Theory evaluation is a systematic criterion-based assessment of a specific theory. This study presents a theory analysis of the Dental Hygiene Human Needs Conceptual Model (DH HNCM)...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858141/diet-dependent-acid-load-and-type-2-diabetes-pooled-results-from-three-prospective-cohort-studies
#9
Jessica C Kiefte-de Jong, Yanping Li, Mu Chen, Gary C Curhan, Josiemer Mattei, Vasanti S Malik, John P Forman, Oscar H Franco, Frank B Hu
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Studies suggest a potential link between low-grade metabolic acidosis and type 2 diabetes. A western dietary pattern increases daily acid load but the association between diet-dependent acid load and type 2 diabetes is still unclear. This study aimed to assess whether diet-dependent acid load is associated with the risk of type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We examined the association between energy-adjusted net endogenous acid production (NEAP), potential renal acid load (PRAL) and animal protein-to-potassium ratio (A:P) on incident type 2 diabetes in 67,433 women from the Nurses' Health Study, 84,310 women from the Nurses' Health Study II and 35,743 men from the Health Professionals' Follow-up Study who were free from type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer at baseline...
November 17, 2016: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821886/microcephaly-in-north-east-brazil-a-retrospective-study-on-neonates-born-between-2012-and-2015
#10
Juliana Sousa Soares de Araújo, Cláudio Teixeira Regis, Renata Grigório Silva Gomes, Thiago Ribeiro Tavares, Cícera Rocha Dos Santos, Patrícia Melo Assunção, Renata Valéria Nóbrega, Diana de Fátima Alves Pinto, Bruno Vinícius Dantas Bezerra, Sandra da Silva Mattos
OBJECTIVE: To assess the number of children born with microcephaly in the State of Paraíba, north-east Brazil. METHODS: We contacted 21 maternity centres belonging to a paediatric cardiology network, with access to information regarding more than 100 000 neonates born between 1 January 2012 and 31 December 2015. For 10% of these neonates, nurses were requested to retrieve head circumference measurements data from delivery-room books. We used three separate criteria to classify whether a neonate had microcephaly: (i) the Brazilian Ministry of Health proposed criterion: term neonates (gestational age ≥ 37 weeks) with a head circumference of less than 32 cm; (ii) Fenton curves: neonates with a head circumference of less than -3 standard deviation for age and gender; or (iii) the proportionality criterion: neonates with a head circumference of less than ((height/2))+10) ± 2...
November 1, 2016: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821188/development-and-validation-of-empirical-indices-to-assess-the-insulinaemic-potential-of-diet-and-lifestyle
#11
Fred K Tabung, Weike Wang, Teresa T Fung, Frank B Hu, Stephanie A Smith-Warner, Jorge E Chavarro, Charles S Fuchs, Walter C Willett, Edward L Giovannucci
The glycaemic and insulin indices assess postprandial glycaemic and insulin response to foods, respectively, which may not reflect the long-term effects of diet on insulin response. We developed and evaluated the validity of four empirical indices to assess the insulinaemic potential of usual diets and lifestyles, using dietary, lifestyle and biomarker data from the Nurses' Health Study (NHS, n 5812 for hyperinsulinaemia, n 3929 for insulin resistance). The four indices were as follows: the empirical dietary index for hyperinsulinaemia (EDIH) and the empirical lifestyle index for hyperinsulinaemia (ELIH); the empirical dietary index for insulin resistance (EDIR) and the empirical lifestyle index for insulin resistance (ELIR)...
November 8, 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815430/shift-work-job-strain-and-changes-in-the-body-mass-index-among-women-a-prospective-study
#12
Kaori Fujishiro, Eileen Lividoti Hibert, Eva Schernhammer, Janet W Rich-Edwards
OBJECTIVES: The effects of job strain and shift work on weight gain have not been studied jointly. Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies on shift work and weight gain have reported different results. This study examines potential effect modification by job strain on the link between shift work and weight gain, and concurrent and delayed effects of shift work on weight gain. METHODS: Data came from 52 622 women who participated in the Nurses' Health Study II, a prospective cohort study...
November 4, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806988/a-nested-case-control-study-of-the-association-between-melatonin-secretion-and-incident-myocardial-infarction
#13
Ciaran J McMullan, Eric B Rimm, Eva S Schernhammer, John P Forman
OBJECTIVES: Low nocturnal melatonin secretion is associated with cardiovascular risk factors, diabetes and hypertension, while individuals with prevalent cardiovascular disease have lower nocturnal melatonin levels. However, the prospective association of melatonin secretion with myocardial infarction (MI) has not been studied. We aimed to study the association between melatonin secretion and the risk of developing MI. METHODS: We performed a prospective nested case-control study of participants from the Nurses' Health Study cohorts I and II...
November 2, 2016: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802956/education-on-patient-ventilator-synchrony-clinicians-knowledge-level-and-duration-of-mechanical-ventilation
#14
Donna Lynch-Smith, Carol Lynn Thompson, Rexann G Pickering, Jim Y Wan
BACKGROUND: Improved recognition of patient-ventilator asynchrony may reduce duration of mechanical ventilation. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of education about patient-ventilator synchrony on clinicians' level of knowledge and patients' mean duration of mechanical ventilation. METHODS: A quasi-experimental 1-group pretest-posttest study was performed in a 16-bed intensive care unit. Analysis included 33 clinicians and 97 ventilator patients...
November 2016: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785894/qualitative-exploration-of-stakeholders-perspectives-of-involuntary-admission-under-the-mental-health-act-2001-in-ireland
#15
Siobhán Smyth, Dympna Casey, Adeline Cooney, Agnes Higgins, David McGuinness, Emma Bainbridge, Mary Keys, Irina Georgieva, Liz Brosnan, Claire Beecher, Brian Hallahan, Colm McDonald, Kathy Murphy
There is international interest in, and continued concern about, the potential long-term impact of involuntary admission to psychiatric institutions, and the effect this coercive action has on a person's well-being and human rights. Involuntary detention in hospital remains a controversial process that involves stakeholders with competing concerns and who often describe negative experiences of the process, which can have long-lasting effects on the therapeutic relationship with service users. The aim of the present study was to explore the perspectives of key stakeholders involved in the involuntary admission and detention of people under the Mental Health Act 2001 in Ireland...
October 27, 2016: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769235/health-professions-students-have-an-alarming-prevalence-of-depressive-symptoms-exploration-of-the-associated-factors
#16
Eiad AlFaris, Farhana Irfan, Riaz Qureshi, Naghma Naeem, Abdulaziz Alshomrani, Gominda Ponnamperuma, Nada Al Yousufi, Nasr Al Maflehi, Mohammad Al Naami, Amr Jamal, Cees van der Vleuten
BACKGROUND: There is a need to better understand the depression phenomenon and to clarify why some students become depressed and others don't. The purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence of depressive symptoms among health professions' (HP) students, and to explore the association between socio-demographic factors (e.g. year of study, discipline, gender) and depressive symptoms. METHODS: In this descriptive-analytic, cross-sectional study, stratified proportionate sampling strategy was used to select the study sample during the academic year 2012-2013...
October 21, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741204/laparoscopically-confirmed-endometriosis-and-breast-cancer-in-the-nurses-health-study-ii
#17
Leslie V Farland, Rulla M Tamimi, A Heather Eliassen, Donna Spiegelman, Susan E Hankinson, Wendy Y Chen, Stacey A Missmer
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between laparoscopically confirmed endometriosis and the risk of breast cancer. Previous research on endometriosis and breast cancer has reported mixed results. METHODS: Our prospective cohort study included 116,430 women from the Nurses' Health Study II cohort followed from 1989 until 2013. Our primary analysis investigated the association between self-reported laparoscopically confirmed endometriosis and the risk of breast cancer...
November 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736213/changes-in-reported-sexual-orientation-following-us-states-recognition-of-same-sex-couples
#18
Brittany M Charlton, Heather L Corliss, Donna Spiegelman, Kerry Williams, S Bryn Austin
OBJECTIVES: To compare changes in self-reported sexual orientation of women living in states with any recognition of same-sex relationships (e.g., hospital visitation, domestic partnerships) with those of women living in states without such recognition. METHODS: We calculated the likelihood of women in the Nurses' Health Study II (n = 69 790) changing their reported sexual orientation between 1995 and 2009. RESULTS: We used data from the Nurses' Health Study II and found that living in a state with same-sex relationship recognition was associated with changing one's reported sexual orientation, particularly from heterosexual to sexual minority...
December 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733197/factors-associated-with-late-human-immunodeficiency-virus-hiv-diagnosis-among-peoples-living-with-it-northwest-ethiopia-hospital-based-unmatched-case-control-study
#19
Abebayehu Bitew Aniley, Tadesse Awoke Ayele, Ejigu Gebeye Zeleke, Assefa Andargie Kassa
BACKGROUND: Early HIV diagnosis and access to treatment is one of the most effective ways to prevent its further spread and to protect the health of those living with the virus. However, delay in diagnosis is the major risk factor for uptake of and response to antiretroviral therapy. METHODS: Institution-based unmatched case-control study design was used in the study. The study was conducted in Debre-Markos and Finote-Selam Hospitals, Northwest Ethiopia. Cases were people living with HIV who had CD4 count <350cells/mm(3) or WHO clinical stage III and IV regardless of the CD4 count at first presentation and controls were those who had CD4 count ≥350cells/mm(3) or WHO clinical stage I and II...
October 12, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733188/nurse-performed-screening-for-postextubation-dysphagia-a-retrospective-cohort-study-in-critically-ill-medical-patients
#20
Kay Choong See, Si Yu Peng, Jason Phua, Chew Lai Sum, Johncy Concepcion
BACKGROUND: Swallowing difficulties are common, and dysphagia occurs frequently in intensive care unit (ICU) patients after extubation. Yet, no guidelines on postextubation swallowing assessment exist. We aimed to investigate the safety and effectiveness of nurse-performed screening (NPS) for postextubation dysphagia in the medical ICU. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of mechanically ventilated patients who were extubated in a 20-bed medical ICU...
October 12, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
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