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nurses' health study II

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102616/development-and-psychometric-testing-of-the-attitudes-subjective-norms-perceived-behavioural-control-and-intention-to-pursue-a-career-in-mental-health-nursing-scale
#1
Mark Wilbourn, Yenna Salamonson, Lucie Ramjan, Sungwon Chang
The aim of the present study was to develop and test the psychometric properties of the Attitudes, Subjective Norms, Perceived Behavioural Control, and Intention to Pursue a Career in Mental Health Nursing (ASPIRE) scale, an instrument to assess nursing students' intention to work in mental health nursing. Understanding the factors influencing undergraduate nursing students' career intentions might lead to improved recruitment strategies. However, there are no standardized tools to measure and assess students' intention to pursue a career in mental health nursing...
January 19, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097381/rotating-night-shift-work-sleep-and-colorectal-adenoma-in-women
#2
Elizabeth E Devore, Jennifer Massa, Kyriaki Papantoniou, Eva S Schernhammer, Kana Wu, Xuehong Zhang, Walter C Willett, Charles S Fuchs, Andrew T Chan, Shuji Ogino, Edward Giovannucci, Esther K Wei
PURPOSE: This study aims to investigate the associations of rotating night shift work history and sleep duration with risk of colorectal adenoma. METHODS: We evaluated 56,275 cancer-free participants of the Nurses' Health Study II, who had their first colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy between 1991 and 2011; rotating night shift work and sleep duration were reported by mailed questionnaire. Multivariable-adjusted logistic regression was used to estimate relative risks (RR) of colorectal adenoma, with 95% confidence intervals (CI), across categories of rotating night shift work history (none, 1-4, 5-9, and ≥10 years) and sleep duration (≤5, 6, 7, 8, and ≥9 h/day)...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081215/genome-wide-association-studies-of-multiple-keratinocyte-cancers
#3
Luba M Pardo, Wen-Qing Li, Shih-Jen Hwang, Joris A C Verkouteren, Albert Hofman, André G Uitterlinden, Peter Kraft, Constance Turman, Jiali Han, Eunyoung Cho, Joanne M Murabito, Daniel Levy, Abrar A Qureshi, Tamar Nijsten
There is strong evidence for a role of environmental risk factors involved in susceptibility to develop multiple keratinocyte cancers (mKCs), but whether genes are also involved in mKCs susceptibility has not been thoroughly investigated. We investigated whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are associated with susceptibility for mKCs. A genome-wide association study (GWAS) of 1,666 cases with mKCs and 1,950 cases with single KC (sKCs; controls) from Harvard cohorts (the Nurses' Health Study [NHS], NHS II, and the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study) and the Framingham Heart Study was carried-out using over 8 million SNPs (stage-1)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079511/circulating-carotenoids-and-subsequent-risk-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-women
#4
Yang Hu, Jing Cui, Jeffrey A Sparks, Susan Malspeis, Karen H Costenbader, Elizabeth W Karlson, Bing Lu
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to examine the associations between circulating carotenoids and future risk of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: We conducted a nested case-control study consisting of 227 incident RA cases and 671 matched controls with prospectively measured plasma carotenoids (α-carotene, β-carotene, β-cryptoxanthin, lycopene and lutein/zeaxanthin) levels in the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) and Nurses' Health Study II (NHS II). Each incident RA case was matched with 3 healthy controls...
January 4, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072503/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-and-cognitive-function-in-a-large-cohort-of-middle-aged-women
#5
Jennifer A Sumner, Kaitlin Hagan, Fran Grodstein, Andrea L Roberts, Brian Harel, Karestan C Koenen
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been linked to cognitive decline, but research in women is generally lacking. We examined whether trauma and elevated PTSD symptoms were associated with worse cognitive function in middle-aged civilian women. A secondary objective was to investigate the possible role of depression in the relation of PTSD symptoms to cognitive function. METHODS: The sample comprised 14,029 middle-aged women in the Nurses' Health Study II...
January 10, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071841/attending-to-power-differentials-how-np-led-group-medical-visits-can-influence-the-management-of-chronic-conditions
#6
Laura Housden, Annette J Browne, Sabrina T Wong, Martin Dawes
OBJECTIVE: In Canada, primary care reform has encouraged innovations, including nurse practitioners (NPs) and group medical visits (GMVs). NP-led GMVs provide an opportunity to examine barriers and enablers to implementing this innovation in primary care. DESIGN: An instrumental case study design (n=3): two cases where NPs were using GMVs and one case where NPs were not using GMVs, was completed. In-depth interviews with patients and providers (N=24) and 10 hours of direct observation were completed...
January 10, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068999/intention-to-leave-profession-psychosocial-environment-and-self-rated-health-among-registered-nurses-from-large-hospitals-in-brazil-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Daiana Rangel de Oliveira, Rosane Härter Griep, Luciana Fernandes Portela, Lucia Rotenberg
BACKGROUND: Nurses' intention to leave their profession is a worldwide concern. Studies have shown that it can take the form of a chain reaction: many nurses first leave the unit, then the hospital, and finally the profession. Organisation and other labour factors, personal and conjunctural, have been associated with the intention to quit nursing. This study aimed to examine the factors associated with the intention to leave the profession among registered nurses (RNs) at large public hospitals in Brazil...
January 10, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052776/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-symptom-duration-and-remission-in-relation-to-cardiovascular-disease-risk-among-a-large-cohort-of-women
#8
P Gilsanz, A Winning, K C Koenen, A L Roberts, J A Sumner, Q Chen, M M Glymour, E B Rimm, L D Kubzansky
BACKGROUND: Prior studies suggest that post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with elevated cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, but effects of duration and remission of PTSD symptoms have rarely been evaluated. METHOD: We examined the association of time-updated PTSD symptom severity, remission and duration with incident CVD risk (552 confirmed myocardial infarctions or strokes) over 20 years in 49 859 women in the Nurses' Health Study II. Among women who reported trauma on the Brief Trauma Questionnaire, PTSD symptoms, assessed by a screener, were classified by symptom severity and chronicity: (a) no symptoms, (b) 1-3 ongoing, (c) 4-5 ongoing, (d) 6-7 ongoing, (e) 1-3 remitted, (f) 4-7 remitted symptoms...
January 5, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049663/reproducibility-of-urinary-biomarkers-in-multiple-24-h-urine-samples
#9
Qi Sun, Kimberly A Bertrand, Adrian A Franke, Bernard Rosner, Gary C Curhan, Walter C Willett
BACKGROUND: Limited knowledge regarding the reproducibility of biomarkers in 24-h urine samples has hindered the collection and use of the samples in epidemiologic studies. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the reproducibility of various markers in repeat 24-h urine samples. DESIGN: We calculated intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) of biomarkers measured in 24-h urine samples that were collected in 3168 participants in the NHS (Nurses' Health Study), NHSII (Nurses' Health Study II), and Health Professionals Follow-Up Study...
January 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043036/equity-in-healthcare-resource-allocation-decision-making-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Haylee Lane, Mitchell Sarkies, Jennifer Martin, Terry Haines
OBJECTIVE: To identify elements of endorsed definitions of equity in healthcare and classify domains of these definitions so that policy makers, managers, clinicians, and politicians can form an operational definition of equity that reflects the values and preferences of the society they serve. DESIGN: Systematic review where verbatim text describing explicit and implicit definitions of equity were extracted and subjected to a thematic analysis. DATA SOURCES: The full holdings of the AMED, CINAHL plus, OVID Medline, Scopus, PsychInfo and ProQuest (ProQuest Health & Medical Complete, ProQuest Nursing and Allied Health Source, ProQuest Social Science Journals) were individually searched in April 2015...
December 13, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031961/fetal-origins-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-the-non-associated-maternal-factors
#11
REVIEW
Hind N Moussa, Anand Srikrishnan, Sean C Blackwell, Pramod Dash, Baha M Sibai
AIM: Several population-based studies have been conducted to determine whether maternal exposures are involved in the pathophysiology of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We review these studies and describe the factors not associated with increased risk for ASD development. METHODS: We identified studies describing associations between maternal exposures and ASD development. These studies include the Childhood Autism Risks from Genetics and the Environment, Nurses' Health Study II, and the Swedish population registry...
June 2016: Future Science OA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025061/understanding-resident-performance-mindfulness-and-communication-in-critical-care-rotations
#12
Kevin Real, Katelyn Fields-Elswick, Andrew C Bernard
OBJECTIVE: Evidence from the medical literature suggests that surgical trainees can benefit from mindful practices. Surgical educators are challenged with the need to address resident core competencies, some of which may be facilitated by higher levels of mindfulness. This study explores whether mindful residents perform better than their peers as members of the health care team. DESIGN: This study employed a multiphase, multimethod design to assess resident mindfulness, communication, and clinical performance...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019715/experiences-of-mental-health-services-for-black-men-with-schizophrenia-and-a-history-of-disengagement-a-qualitative-study
#13
Christopher Wagstaff, Hermine Graham, Derek Farrell, Michael Larkin, Mary Nettle
Whilst mental disorders can be disabling they are also treatable, yet engagement with services is often poor and disengagement from treatment is a major concern for mental health nurses. Participants were service users typically perceived as the most disengaged from mental health services, yet they were willing to engage in the research interviews. The seven participants were all male with a diagnosis of schizophrenia, a history of disengagement from mental health services and described their ethnicity as 'black'...
December 26, 2016: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000980/qualitative-study-of-peer-workers-within-the-partners-in-recovery-programme-in-regional-australia
#14
John Hurley, Andrew Cashin, Jem Mills, Marie Hutchinson, Desiree Kazlowski, Iain Graham
In Australia and internationally, Peer Workers are increasingly being incorporated into the mental health workforce. Underpinning this trend is the conviction that the inclusion of workers with lived experience in overcoming mental health challenges is central to transforming service delivery. Given there are few identified Australian studies into the experiences of Peer Workers, this paper reports findings from qualitative interviews conducted in a Partners In Recovery programme in one regional area in Australia...
December 21, 2016: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998915/adolescent-diet-quality-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-and-incident-cardiovascular-disease-in-middle-aged-women
#15
Christina C Dahm, Andrea K Chomistek, Marianne Uhre Jakobsen, Kenneth J Mukamal, A Heather Eliassen, Howard D Sesso, Kim Overvad, Walter C Willett, Eric B Rimm, Stephanie E Chiuve
BACKGROUND: Primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) focuses on treatment of risk factors, including hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. We investigated whether a healthy diet in adolescence prevents development of clinical risk factors or incidence of CVD in adulthood. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined the time to the first development of ≥1 clinical risk factor (hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, or type 2 diabetes mellitus) or CVD in relation to a high school Alternative Healthy Eating Index (HS-AHEI) within the Nurses' Health Study II...
December 20, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998156/reliability-and-validity-of-kurdish-language-version-of-health-promoting-lifestyle-profile-ii-among-kurdish-healthcare-providers-kurdish-version-of-hplp-ii
#16
Aram Salih Mohammed Amin Kamali, Roya Sadeghi, Azar Tol, Mahdi Yaseri
BACKGROUND: Unhealthy lifestyles pose significant threat to public health. This study aimed to assess the validity and reliability of a Kurdish version of the HPLP-II instrument among Kurdish healthcare providers, whose society and culture differ from that of North America and Spain, where the instrument was developed. METHODS: The instrument was translated into Kurdish, back translated, and pilot tested to ascertain cultural sensitivity. It was then evaluated using a convenience sample of 460 healthcare providers in the Kurdistan region, northern Iraq using a principal components factor analysis...
December 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982489/what-does-mental-health-nursing-contribute-to-improving-the-physical-health-of-service-users-with-severe-mental-illness-a-thematic-analysis
#17
Richard Gray, Eleanor Brown
Authors have generally reported that mental health nurses (MHNs) have positive attitudes to providing physical health care to service users with severe mental illness. In the present study, we aimed to explore if this positive attitude translates to enhanced clinical practice by interviewing MHNs and the service users they work with. Semistructured interviews were completed with 15 service users and 18 MHNs from acute, rehabilitation, and community services. These were then transcribed and analysed using thematic analysis...
December 16, 2016: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974312/dietary-patterns-and-cardiometabolic-and-endocrine-plasma-biomarkers-in-us-women
#18
Hala B AlEssa, Vasanti S Malik, Changzheng Yuan, Walter C Willett, Tianyi Huang, Frank B Hu, Deirdre K Tobias
BACKGROUND: Healthful dietary patterns have been associated with lower risks of type 2 diabetes and coronary artery disease, but their relations with intermediate markers of cardiometabolic and endocrine health are less established. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH), the alternate Mediterranean diet (aMED), and the Alternate Healthy Eating Index (aHEI) diet-quality scores with cardiometabolic and endocrine plasma biomarkers in US women...
December 14, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940521/incidence-risk-factors-and-associated-mortality-of-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infections-at-an-intensive-care-unit-in-northern-india
#19
S B Mishra, R Misra, A Azim, A K Baronia, K N Prasad, T N Dhole, M Gurjar, R K Singh, B Poddar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence, risk factors and associated mortality of central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) in an adult intensive care unit (ICU) in India. DESIGN: This prospective observational study was conducted over a period of 16 months at a tertiary care referral medical center. SETTING: We conducted this study over a period of 16 months at a tertiary care referral medical center. PARTICIPANTS: All patients with a central venous catheter (CVC) for >48 h admitted to the ICU were enrolled...
December 8, 2016: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929696/development-of-instructional-competencies-for-assessing-and-managing-suicide-risk-for-baccalaureate-nursing-education-a-modified-delphi-study
#20
Abigail Kotowski, Carol Roye
Suicide is a major health problem and a leading cause of death throughout the world. A primary goal for suicide prevention is reforming health professional education in order to increase the competence of health professionals in assessing and managing suicide risk. Nursing leadership is involved in this reform, yet nurses frequently lack the competence to care for patients in suicidal crisis. An identified gap in baccalaureate nursing education is instructional competencies for assessing and managing suicide risk...
December 8, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
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