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nurses' health study II

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194207/the-effects-of-motivational-interviewing-on-health-promoting-behaviors-of-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#1
Alireza Dashti, Hojatollah Yousefi, Jahangir Maghsoudi, Masoud Etemadifar
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic degenerative disease of the central nervous system (CNS) that can reduce health promoting behaviors in patients. One method of increasing health promoting behaviors is motivational interviewing that can explore and resolve client ambivalence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present clinical trial was carried out among 60 patients with MS. The participants were selected through convenience sampling, and then, allocated to two groups using Mini Pay software...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187945/impact-of-ambient-temperature-on-morbidity-and-mortality-an-overview-of-reviews
#2
Xuping Song, Shigong Wang, Yuling Hu, Man Yue, Tingting Zhang, Yu Liu, Jinhui Tian, Kezheng Shang
The objectives were (i) to conduct an overview of systematic reviews to summarize evidence from and evaluate the methodological quality of systematic reviews assessing the impact of ambient temperature on morbidity and mortality; and (ii) to reanalyse meta-analyses of cold-induced cardiovascular morbidity in different age groups. The registration number is PROSPERO-CRD42016047179. PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), and Global Health were systematically searched to identify systematic reviews...
February 7, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160378/job-satisfaction-and-resilience-in-psychiatric-nurses-a-study-at-the-institute-of-mental-health-singapore
#3
Zhimin Zheng, Poornima Gangaram, Huiting Xie, Stephanie Chua, Samantha Bee Cheng Ong, Sioh Eng Koh
Job satisfaction ranks highly as one of the main factors influencing turnover rates among nurses. Mental health nursing has been reported to be a particularly stressful specialty, yet little is known about the level of job satisfaction among psychiatric nurses in Singapore. Resilience is defined as a means of adapting to stress at the workplace, and could serve as a factor influencing job satisfaction. The present study aimed to explore the current level of job satisfaction among psychiatric nurses working in the only tertiary psychiatric institution in Singapore, the influencing factors, and the relationship between resilience and job satisfaction...
February 3, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157251/varicella-a-potential-threat-to-maternal-and-fetal-health
#4
Maria Biskupska, Ilona Małecka, Joanna Stryczyńska-Kazubska, Jacek Wysocki
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the following: i) number of midwives and nurses at risk for contracting varicella; ii) effectiveness of infectious disease prevention among healthcare personnel; iii) attitude of healthcare person-nel towards immunization. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 524 midwives and nurses from obstetric, neonatal, and pediatric wards were investigated. Quantitative data analysis was performed. RESULTS: Overall, 14...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156186/polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-and-the-risk-of-multiple-sclerosis
#5
Kjetil Bjørnevik, Tanuja Chitnis, Alberto Ascherio, Kassandra L Munger
BACKGROUND: Results from previous studies on polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) intake and multiple sclerosis (MS) risk are conflicting. OBJECTIVE: To prospectively investigate the association between dietary intake of PUFA and MS risk. METHODS: We followed 80,920 women from Nurses' Health Study (1984-2004) and 94,511 women from Nurses' Health Study II (1991-2009) who reported on diet using a validated food frequency questionnaire every 4 years and identified 479 incident MS cases during follow-up...
January 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153993/preterm-delivery-and-maternal-cardiovascular-disease-in-young-and-middle-aged-adult-women
#6
Lauren J Tanz, Jennifer J Stuart, Paige L Williams, Eric B Rimm, Stacey A Missmer, Kathryn M Rexrode, Kenneth J Mukamal, Janet W Rich-Edwards
BACKGROUND: Preterm delivery has been shown to be associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), but it is unknown whether this risk remains after adjustment for prepregnancy lifestyle and CVD risk factors. METHODS: We examined the association between history of having delivered an infant preterm (<37 weeks) and CVD in 70 182 parous women in the Nurses' Health Study II. Multivariable Cox proportional-hazards models were used to estimate hazards ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for CVD events (myocardial infarction and stroke, n=949); we also adjusted for intermediates to determine the proportion of the association between preterm and CVD accounted for by postpartum development of CVD risk factors...
February 7, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141603/prevention-and-management-of-postoperative-delirium-in-elderly-patients-following-elective-spinal-surgery
#7
Alireza K Nazemi, Anirudh K Gowd, Jonathan J Carmouche, Stephen L Kates, Todd J Albert, Caleb J Behrend
STUDY DESIGN: This study is a systematic review. OBJECTIVE: Propose an evidence-based algorithm for prevention, diagnosis, and management of postoperative delirium in geriatric patients undergoing elective spine surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Delirium is associated with longer stays after elective surgery, increased risk of readmission, and $6.9 billion annually in medical costs. Early diagnosis and treatment of delirium can reduce length of stay (LOS), in-hospital morbidity, and health care costs...
January 30, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137914/long-term-dietary-quality-and-risk-of-developing-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-women
#8
Yang Hu, Jeffrey A Sparks, Susan Malspeis, Karen H Costenbader, Frank B Hu, Elizabeth W Karlson, Bing Lu
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between long-term dietary quality, measured by the 2010 Alternative Healthy Eating Index, and risk of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in women. METHODS: We prospectively followed 76 597 women in the Nurses' Health Study aged 30-55 years and 93 392 women in the Nurses' Health Study II aged 25-42 years at baseline and free from RA or other connective tissue diseases. The lifestyle, environmental exposure and anthropometric information were collected at baseline and updated biennially...
January 30, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129510/factors-influencing-the-provision-of-oral-hygiene-care-following-stroke-an-application-of-the-theory-of-planned-behaviour
#9
Normaliza Ab Malik, Saari Mohamad Yatim, Otto L T Lam, Lijian Jin, Colman McGrath
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine "intention to" and "performance of" oral hygiene care to stroke patients using the Theory of Planned Behavior. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A large scale survey of 13 centers in Malaysia was conducted involving 806 nurses in relation to oral hygiene care intentions and practices. In addition, information on personal and environmental factors was collected. RESULTS: The response rate was 95.6% (778/806). The domains of the Theory of Planned Behavior were significantly associated with general intention to perform oral hygiene care: attitudes (β = 0...
January 27, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103272/prevalence-and-determinants-of-oral-human-papillomavirus-infection-in-500-young-adults-from-italy
#10
Valentina Lupato, Dana Holzinger, Daniela Höfler, Anna Menegaldo, Paolo Giorgi Rossi, Annarosa Del Mistro, Maria Cristina Da Mosto, Michael Pawlita, Paolo Boscolo-Rizzo
Although the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) is increasing in developed countries and becoming a relevant health issue, the natural history of oral HPV infection is still unclear. Estimating the infection's prevalence in specific populations and identifying risk factors can widen our understanding of its natural history and help to delineate appropriate prevention strategies. This study sought to (i) determine oral HPV prevalence and genotype distribution in a large series of young Italian adults, (ii) validate an oral rinse sampling/storage protocol, and (iii) pinpoint factors associated with oral HPV infection...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102616/development-and-psychometric-testing-of-the-attitudes-subjective-norms-perceived-behavioural-control-and-intention-to-pursue-a-career-in-mental-health-nursing-scale
#11
Mark Wilbourn, Yenna Salamonson, Lucie Ramjan, Sungwon Chang
The aim of the present study was to develop and test the psychometric properties of the Attitudes, Subjective Norms, Perceived Behavioural Control, and Intention to Pursue a Career in Mental Health Nursing (ASPIRE) scale, an instrument to assess nursing students' intention to work in mental health nursing. Understanding the factors influencing undergraduate nursing students' career intentions might lead to improved recruitment strategies. However, there are no standardized tools to measure and assess students' intention to pursue a career in mental health nursing...
January 19, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097381/rotating-night-shift-work-sleep-and-colorectal-adenoma-in-women
#12
Elizabeth E Devore, Jennifer Massa, Kyriaki Papantoniou, Eva S Schernhammer, Kana Wu, Xuehong Zhang, Walter C Willett, Charles S Fuchs, Andrew T Chan, Shuji Ogino, Edward Giovannucci, Esther K Wei
PURPOSE: This study aims to investigate the associations of rotating night shift work history and sleep duration with risk of colorectal adenoma. METHODS: We evaluated 56,275 cancer-free participants of the Nurses' Health Study II, who had their first colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy between 1991 and 2011; rotating night shift work and sleep duration were reported by mailed questionnaire. Multivariable-adjusted logistic regression was used to estimate relative risks (RR) of colorectal adenoma, with 95% confidence intervals (CI), across categories of rotating night shift work history (none, 1-4, 5-9, and ≥10 years) and sleep duration (≤5, 6, 7, 8, and ≥9 h/day)...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081215/genome-wide-association-studies-of-multiple-keratinocyte-cancers
#13
Luba M Pardo, Wen-Qing Li, Shih-Jen Hwang, Joris A C Verkouteren, Albert Hofman, André G Uitterlinden, Peter Kraft, Constance Turman, Jiali Han, Eunyoung Cho, Joanne M Murabito, Daniel Levy, Abrar A Qureshi, Tamar Nijsten
There is strong evidence for a role of environmental risk factors involved in susceptibility to develop multiple keratinocyte cancers (mKCs), but whether genes are also involved in mKCs susceptibility has not been thoroughly investigated. We investigated whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are associated with susceptibility for mKCs. A genome-wide association study (GWAS) of 1,666 cases with mKCs and 1,950 cases with single KC (sKCs; controls) from Harvard cohorts (the Nurses' Health Study [NHS], NHS II, and the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study) and the Framingham Heart Study was carried-out using over 8 million SNPs (stage-1)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079511/circulating-carotenoids-and-subsequent-risk-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-women
#14
Yang Hu, Jing Cui, Jeffrey A Sparks, Susan Malspeis, Karen H Costenbader, Elizabeth W Karlson, Bing Lu
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to examine the associations between circulating carotenoids and future risk of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: We conducted a nested case-control study consisting of 227 incident RA cases and 671 matched controls with prospectively measured plasma carotenoids (α-carotene, β-carotene, β-cryptoxanthin, lycopene and lutein/zeaxanthin) levels in the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) and Nurses' Health Study II (NHS II). Each incident RA case was matched with 3 healthy controls...
January 4, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072503/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-and-cognitive-function-in-a-large-cohort-of-middle-aged-women
#15
Jennifer A Sumner, Kaitlin Hagan, Fran Grodstein, Andrea L Roberts, Brian Harel, Karestan C Koenen
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been linked to cognitive decline, but research in women is generally lacking. We examined whether trauma and elevated PTSD symptoms were associated with worse cognitive function in middle-aged civilian women. A secondary objective was to investigate the possible role of depression in the relation of PTSD symptoms to cognitive function. METHODS: The sample comprised 14,029 middle-aged women in the Nurses' Health Study II...
January 10, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071841/attending-to-power-differentials-how-np-led-group-medical-visits-can-influence-the-management-of-chronic-conditions
#16
Laura Housden, Annette J Browne, Sabrina T Wong, Martin Dawes
OBJECTIVE: In Canada, primary care reform has encouraged innovations, including nurse practitioners (NPs) and group medical visits (GMVs). NP-led GMVs provide an opportunity to examine barriers and enablers to implementing this innovation in primary care. DESIGN: An instrumental case study design (n=3): two cases where NPs were using GMVs and one case where NPs were not using GMVs, was completed. In-depth interviews with patients and providers (N=24) and 10 hours of direct observation were completed...
January 10, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068999/intention-to-leave-profession-psychosocial-environment-and-self-rated-health-among-registered-nurses-from-large-hospitals-in-brazil-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Daiana Rangel de Oliveira, Rosane Härter Griep, Luciana Fernandes Portela, Lucia Rotenberg
BACKGROUND: Nurses' intention to leave their profession is a worldwide concern. Studies have shown that it can take the form of a chain reaction: many nurses first leave the unit, then the hospital, and finally the profession. Organisation and other labour factors, personal and conjunctural, have been associated with the intention to quit nursing. This study aimed to examine the factors associated with the intention to leave the profession among registered nurses (RNs) at large public hospitals in Brazil...
January 10, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052776/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-symptom-duration-and-remission-in-relation-to-cardiovascular-disease-risk-among-a-large-cohort-of-women
#18
P Gilsanz, A Winning, K C Koenen, A L Roberts, J A Sumner, Q Chen, M M Glymour, E B Rimm, L D Kubzansky
BACKGROUND: Prior studies suggest that post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with elevated cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, but effects of duration and remission of PTSD symptoms have rarely been evaluated. METHOD: We examined the association of time-updated PTSD symptom severity, remission and duration with incident CVD risk (552 confirmed myocardial infarctions or strokes) over 20 years in 49 859 women in the Nurses' Health Study II. Among women who reported trauma on the Brief Trauma Questionnaire, PTSD symptoms, assessed by a screener, were classified by symptom severity and chronicity: (a) no symptoms, (b) 1-3 ongoing, (c) 4-5 ongoing, (d) 6-7 ongoing, (e) 1-3 remitted, (f) 4-7 remitted symptoms...
January 5, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049663/reproducibility-of-urinary-biomarkers-in-multiple-24-h-urine-samples
#19
Qi Sun, Kimberly A Bertrand, Adrian A Franke, Bernard Rosner, Gary C Curhan, Walter C Willett
BACKGROUND: Limited knowledge regarding the reproducibility of biomarkers in 24-h urine samples has hindered the collection and use of the samples in epidemiologic studies. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the reproducibility of various markers in repeat 24-h urine samples. DESIGN: We calculated intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) of biomarkers measured in 24-h urine samples that were collected in 3168 participants in the NHS (Nurses' Health Study), NHSII (Nurses' Health Study II), and Health Professionals Follow-Up Study...
January 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043036/equity-in-healthcare-resource-allocation-decision-making-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Haylee Lane, Mitchell Sarkies, Jennifer Martin, Terry Haines
OBJECTIVE: To identify elements of endorsed definitions of equity in healthcare and classify domains of these definitions so that policy makers, managers, clinicians, and politicians can form an operational definition of equity that reflects the values and preferences of the society they serve. DESIGN: Systematic review where verbatim text describing explicit and implicit definitions of equity were extracted and subjected to a thematic analysis. DATA SOURCES: The full holdings of the AMED, CINAHL plus, OVID Medline, Scopus, PsychInfo and ProQuest (ProQuest Health & Medical Complete, ProQuest Nursing and Allied Health Source, ProQuest Social Science Journals) were individually searched in April 2015...
December 13, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
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