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nurses' health study II

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532732/nurses-health-promoting-lifestyle-behaviors-in-a-community-hospital
#1
Emma Kurnat-Thoma, Majeda El-Banna, Monica Oakcrum, Jill Tyroler
PURPOSE: To examine nurses' health-promoting lifestyle behaviors, describe their self-reported engagement in employee wellness program benefit options, and explore relationships between nurse demographic factors, health characteristics and lifestyle behaviors. BACKGROUND: Nurses adopting unhealthy lifestyle behaviors are at significantly higher risk for developing a number of chronic diseases and are at increased susceptibility to exhaustion, job dissatisfaction and turnover...
June 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525627/geographic-patterns-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-among-children-of-nurses-health-study-ii-women
#2
Kate Hoffman, Marc G Weisskopf, Andrea L Roberts, Raanan Raz, Jaime E Hart, Kristen Lyall, Elin M Hoffman, Francine Laden, Verónica M Vieira
Data indicate that autism spectrum disorder (ASD) prevalence may be increasing and varies geographically. We investigated associations between residential location and ASD in the children of Nurses' Health Study II women in order to generate hypotheses about social and environmental factors related to etiology or diagnosis. Analyses included 13,507 children born from 1989-1999 (486 with ASD). We explored relationships between ASD and residential location at both birth and age 6 years (i.e. closer to average diagnosis age)...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520842/alcohol-consumption-and-breast-cancer-risk-by-family-history-of-breast-cancer-and-folate-intake-in-younger-women
#3
Hyun Ja Kim, Seungyoun Jung, A Heather Eliassen, Wendy Y Chen, Walter C Willett, Eunyoung Cho
To evaluate the association between alcohol consumption and breast cancer risk in younger women, and by family history of breast cancer and folate intake, we prospectively followed 93,835 U.S. women aged 27-44 years with alcohol consumption data in 1991 in the Nurses' Health Study II. Alcohol and folate intake was measured by food frequency questionnaire repeated every 4 years. We documented 2,866 incident invasive breast cancer cases between 1991 and 2011. Alcohol consumption was not associated with breast cancer risk overall (multivariate hazard ratio = 1...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506711/screening-for-sepsis-in-general-hospitalised-patients-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Laura Alberto, Andrea P Marshall, Rachel Walker, Leanne M Aitken
INTRODUCTION: Sepsis is a common condition observed outside critical care areas. The purpose of this review was to examine the application of sepsis screening tools for early recognition of sepsis in general hospitalised patients to: (i) identify the accuracy of these tools; (ii) determine the outcomes associated with their implementation and; (iii) describe the implementation process. METHOD: A systematic review method was used. PubMed, CINAHL, COCHRANE, SCOPUS, Web of Science and EMBASE databases were systematically searched for primary articles, published from January 1990 to June 2016, that investigated screening tools or alert mechanisms for early identification of sepsis in adult general hospitalized patients...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493403/suicide-prevention-in-mental-health-services-a-qualitative-analysis-of-coroners-reports
#5
Jenni Manuel, Marie Crowe, Maree Inder, Mark Henaghan
Suicide is a major concern for mental health nurses because of its clear correlation with mental illness. In New Zealand, coroners investigate all deaths that appear to be a result of suicide, and provide reports to mental health services (MHS). The aim of the present study was to investigate coronial recommendations to MHS in relation to suicide prevention and to examine clinical and family responses to these. The present study was a three-phase design: (i) analysis of coroners' recommendations related to suicide in MHS; (ii) interviews with clinicians for their response to the recommendations; and (iii) interviews with individuals working with families of consumers of MHS for their responses in relation to family-related recommendations...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490509/vitamin-d-and-calcium-intake-and-risk-of-early-menopause
#6
Alexandra C Purdue-Smithe, Brian W Whitcomb, Kathleen L Szegda, Maegan E Boutot, JoAnn E Manson, Susan E Hankinson, Bernard A Rosner, Lisa M Troy, Karin B Michels, Elizabeth R Bertone-Johnson
Background: Early menopause, defined as the cessation of ovarian function before the age of 45 y, affects ∼10% of women and is associated with higher risk of cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, and other conditions. Few modifiable risk factors for early menopause have been identified, but emerging data suggest that high vitamin D intake may reduce risk.Objective: We evaluated how intakes of vitamin D and calcium are associated with the incidence of early menopause in the prospective Nurses' Health Study II (NHS2)...
May 10, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486246/menopause-and-postmenopausal-hormone-therapy-and-risk-of-hearing-loss
#7
Sharon G Curhan, A Heather Eliassen, Roland D Eavey, Molin Wang, Brian M Lin, Gary C Curhan
OBJECTIVE: Menopause may be a risk factor for hearing loss, and postmenopausal hormone therapy (HT) has been proposed to slow hearing decline; however, there are no large prospective studies. We prospectively examined the independent relations between menopause and postmenopausal HT and risk of self-reported hearing loss. METHODS: Prospective cohort study among 80,972 women in the Nurses' Health Study II, baseline age 27 to 44 years, followed from 1991 to 2013. Baseline and updated information was obtained from detailed validated biennial questionnaires...
May 8, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483270/the-impact-of-written-information-and-counseling-woman-pro-ii-program-on-symptom-outcomes-in-women-with-vulvar-neoplasia-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-phase-ii-study
#8
Silvia Raphaelis, Hanna Mayer, Stefan Ott, Michael D Mueller, Enikö Steiner, Elmar Joura, Beate Senn
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether written information and/or counseling based on the WOMAN-PRO II Program decreases symptom prevalence in women with vulvar neoplasia by a clinically relevant degree, and to explore the differences between the 2 interventions in symptom prevalence, symptom distress prevalence, and symptom experience. METHODS: A multicenter randomized controlled parallel-group phase II trial with 2 interventions provided to patients after the initial diagnosis was performed in Austria and Switzerland...
May 5, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475791/prevention-and-control-of-multidrug-resistant-gram-negative-bacteria-in-adult-intensive-care-units-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#9
Nattawat Teerawattanapong, Kirati Kengkla, Piyameth Dilokthornsakul, Surasak Saokaew, Anucha Apisarnthanarak, Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk
Background: This study evaluated the relative efficacy of strategies for the prevention of multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria (MDR-GNB) in adult intensive care units (ICUs). Methods: A systematic review and network meta-analysis was performed; searches of the Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, and CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature) included all randomized controlled trials and observational studies conducted in adult patients hospitalized in ICUs and evaluating standard care (STD), antimicrobial stewardship program (ASP), environmental cleaning (ENV), decolonization methods (DCL), or source control (SCT), simultaneously...
May 15, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472444/factors-related-to-medical-students-and-doctors-attitudes-towards-older-patients-a-systematic-review
#10
Rajvinder Samra, Tom Cox, Adam Lee Gordon, Simon Paul Conroy, Mathijs F G Lucassen, Amanda Griffiths
Background: studies have sought to identify the possible determinants of medical students' and doctors' attitudes towards older patients by examining relationships with a variety of factors: demographic, educational/training, exposure to older people, personality/cognitive and job/career factors. This review collates and synthesises these findings. Methods: an electronic search of 10 databases was performed (ABI/Inform, ASSIA, British Nursing Index, CINAHL, Informa Health, Medline, PsycINFO, Science Direct, Scopus, and Web of Science) through to 7 February 2017...
May 2, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472217/cigarette-smoking-and-risk-of-incident-rosacea-in-women
#11
Suyun Li, Eunyoung Cho, Aaron M Drucker, Abrar A Qureshi, Wen-Qing Li
The relationship between smoking and rosacea is poorly understood; we aimed to conduct the first cohort study to determine the association between smoking and risk of incident rosacea. We included 95,809 women from Nurses' Health Study II (1991-2005). Information on smoking was collected biennially during follow-up. Information on history of clinician-diagnosed rosacea and year of diagnosis was collected in 2005. We used Cox proportional hazard models to estimate age and multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the association between different measures of smoking and risk of rosacea...
May 3, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437836/nurses-attitudes-toward-the-single-checking-of-medications
#12
Rachel Cross, Paul N Bennett, Cherene Ockerby, Wei Chun Wang, Judy Currey
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The policy of single over double checking of medications has been adopted by many health services; however, nurses' attitudes toward single-checking medications remains unclear. The aim of this study was to explore the attitudes of nurses who single check and administer medications in a setting where single checking has been in place for over a decade. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey design using the validated Single Checking Administration Medication Scale-II to registered nurses (n = 299) working in one metropolitan teaching hospital in Victoria, Australia...
April 24, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434611/alcohol-intake-and-risk-of-rosacea-in-us-women
#13
Suyun Li, Eunyoung Cho, Aaron M Drucker, Abrar A Qureshi, Wen-Qing Li
BACKGROUND: The epidemiologic association between alcohol and rosacea is unclear and inconsistent based on the previous cross-sectional or case-control studies. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a cohort study to determine the association between alcohol intake and the risk of rosacea in women. METHODS: A total of 82,737 women were included from the Nurses' Health Study II (1991-2005). Information on alcohol intake was collected every 4 years during follow-up...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406869/concept-communication-and-interpretation-of-illness-a-holistic-model-of-understanding-in-nursing-practice
#14
Halvor Nordby
To ensure patient communication in nursing, certain conditions must be met that enable successful exchange of beliefs, thoughts, and other mental states. The conditions that have received most attention in the nursing literature are derived from general communication theories, psychology, and ethical frameworks of interpretation. This article focuses on a condition more directly related to an influential coherence model of concept possession from recent philosophy of mind and language. The basic ideas in this model are (i) that the primary source of understanding of illness experiences is communicative acts that express concepts of illness, and (ii) that the key to understanding patients' concepts of illness is to understand how they depend on patients' lifeworlds...
May 2017: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394078/job-satisfaction-among-swedish-mental-health-nursing-personnel-revisiting-the-two-factor-theory
#15
Christopher Holmberg, Jino Caro, Iwona Sobis
Swedish mental health-care services are experiencing a critical shortage of nursing personnel. Researchers suggest that this shortage is due to low levels of job satisfaction. Job satisfaction is frequently studied with the assistance of Herzberg's two-factor theory, and this theory has foremost been explored with studies using quantitative methods. The purpose of the present study was to provide a better understanding of Herzberg's theory in relation to job satisfaction among Swedish mental health nursing personnel within inpatient psychiatric care while using qualitative methodology...
April 10, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384755/weight-history-and-all-cause-and-cause-specific-mortality-in-three-prospective-cohort-studies
#16
Edward Yu, Sylvia H Ley, JoAnn E Manson, Walter Willett, Ambika Satija, Frank B Hu, Andrew Stokes
Background: The relationship between body mass index (BMI) and mortality is controversial. Objective: To investigate the relationship between maximum BMI over 16 years and subsequent mortality. Design: 3 prospective cohort studies. Setting: Nurses' Health Study I and II and Health Professionals Follow-Up Study. Participants: 225 072 men and women with 32 571 deaths observed over a mean of 12...
May 2, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380289/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-accelerated-aging-ptsd-and-leukocyte-telomere-length-in-a-sample-of-civilian-women
#17
Andrea L Roberts, Karestan C Koenen, Qixuan Chen, Paola Gilsanz, Susan M Mason, Jennifer Prescott, Andrew Ratanatharathorn, Eric B Rimm, Jennifer A Sumner, Ashley Winning, Immaculata De Vivo, Laura D Kubzansky
BACKGROUND: Studies in male combat veterans have suggested posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with shorter telomere length (TL). We examined the cross-sectional association of PTSD with TL in women exposed to traumas common in civilian life. METHODS: Data are from a substudy of the Nurses' Health Study II (N = 116). PTSD and subclinical PTSD were assessed in trauma-exposed women using diagnostic interviews. An array of health behaviors and conditions were assessed...
May 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365271/dietary-and-lifestyle-risk-factors-associated-with-incident-kidney-stones-in-men-and-women
#18
Pietro Manuel Ferraro, Eric N Taylor, Giovanni Gambaro, Gary C Curhan
PURPOSE: Several dietary and lifestyle factors are associated with a higher risk of developing kidney stones. We estimated the population attributable fraction (PAF) and number needed to prevent (NNTP) for modifiable risk factors including body mass index (BMI), fluid intake, DASH-style diet, dietary calcium intake and intake of sugar-sweetened beverages. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used data from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (HPFS) and the Nurses' Health Studies (NHS) I and II cohorts...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364566/identifying-gaps-in-hiv-service-delivery-across-the-diagnosis-to-treatment-cascade-findings-from-health-facility-surveys-in-six-sub-saharan-countries
#19
Kathryn Church, Kazuyo Machiyama, Jim Todd, Brian Njamwea, Mary Mwangome, Vicky Hosegood, Janet Michel, Samuel Oti, Constance Nyamukapa, Amelia Crampin, Nyaguara Amek, Gertrude Nakigozi, Denna Michael, F Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Jessica Nakiyingi-Miiro, Basia Zaba, Alison Wringe
INTRODUCTION: Despite the rollout of antiretroviral therapy (ART), challenges remain in ensuring timely access to care and treatment for people living with HIV. As part of a multi-country study to investigate HIV mortality, we conducted health facility surveys within 10 health and demographic surveillance system sites across six countries in Eastern and Southern Africa to investigate clinic-level factors influencing (i) use of HIV testing services, (ii) use of HIV care and treatment and (iii) patient retention on ART...
January 12, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359077/sleep-and-survival-among-women-with-breast-cancer-30-years-of-follow-up-within-the-nurses-health-study
#20
Claudia Trudel-Fitzgerald, Eric S Zhou, Elizabeth M Poole, Xuehong Zhang, Karin B Michels, A Heather Eliassen, Wendy Y Chen, Michelle D Holmes, Shelley S Tworoger, Eva S Schernhammer
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is a leading cause of cancer death in women. Sleep has been linked with mortality among cancer-free population; however, its association with survival among women with breast cancer is understudied. METHODS: Breast cancer patients (N=3682) reported their average sleep duration post diagnosis. Subsamples also provided their pre-diagnosis sleep duration (n=1949) and post-diagnosis sleep difficulties (n=1353). Multivariate Cox models estimated hazard ratios (HR) and confidence intervals (CI) of all-cause, breast cancer, and non-breast cancer mortality...
April 25, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
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