Read by QxMD icon Read

nurses' health study II

Paul McGreevy, Jeannine Berger, Nic de Brauwere, Orla Doherty, Anna Harrison, Julie Fiedler, Claudia Jones, Sue McDonnell, Andrew McLean, Lindsay Nakonechny, Christine Nicol, Liane Preshaw, Peter Thomson, Vicky Tzioumis, John Webster, Sarah Wolfensohn, James Yeates, Bidda Jones
The aim of this study was to conduct a series of paper-based exercises in order to assess the negative (adverse) welfare impacts, if any, of common interventions on domestic horses across a broad range of different contexts of equine care and training. An international panel (with professional expertise in psychology, equitation science, veterinary science, education, welfare, equestrian coaching, advocacy, and community engagement; n = 16) met over a four-day period to define and assess these interventions, using an adaptation of the domain-based assessment model...
March 18, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
Nathali Gunawardena, Ghose Bishwajit, Sanni Yaya
Background: For exploring maternal death, supply and demand-side factors can be characterized by the three delays model developed by Thaddeus and Maine (1994). The model comprises delay in deciding to seek care (delay 1), delay in reaching the health facility (delay 2), and delay in receiving quality care once at the health facility (delay 3). Few studies have comprehensively dealt with the health systems delays that prevent the receipt of timely and appropriate obstetric care once a woman reaches a health facility (phase III delays)...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Gang Liu, Geng Zong, Kana Wu, Yang Hu, Yanping Li, Walter C Willett, David M Eisenberg, Frank B Hu, Qi Sun
OBJECTIVE: To examine open-flame and/or high-temperature cooking (grilling/barbecuing, broiling, or roasting) and doneness preferences (rare, medium, or well done) for red meat, chicken, and fish in relation to type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk among U.S. adults who consumed animal flesh regularly (≥2 servings/week). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The prospective studies included 52,752 women from the Nurses' Health Study (NHS, followed during 1996-2012), 60,809 women from NHS II (followed during 2001-2013), and 24,679 men from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (HPFS, followed during 1996-2012) who were free of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer at baseline...
March 12, 2018: Diabetes Care
Jihye Kim, Peter Kraft, Kaitlin A Hagan, Laura B Harrington, Sara Lindstroem, Christopher Kabrhel
INTRODUCTION: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is highly heritable. Physical activity, physical inactivity and body mass index (BMI) are also risk factors, but evidence of interaction between genetic and environmental risk factors is limited. METHODS: Data on 2,134 VTE cases and 3,890 matched controls were obtained from the Nurses' Health Study (NHS), Nurses' Health Study II (NHS II), and Health Professionals Follow-up Study (HPFS). We calculated a weighted genetic risk score (wGRS) using 16 single nucleotide polymorphisms associated with VTE risk in published genome-wide association studies (GWAS)...
March 8, 2018: Genetic Epidemiology
Mei Ling Lim, Bei Yi Paulynn Yong, Mei Qi Maggie Mar, Shin Yuh Ang, Mei Mei Chan, Madeleine Lam, Ngian Choo Janet Chong, Violeta Lopez
BACKGROUND: The number of patients on home enteral nutrition (HEN) is on the increase due to advancement in technology and shift in focus of providing care from acute to community care settings. AIM: This study aimed to explore the experiences of community nurses and home carers, in caring for patients on HEN. METHODS: A mixed-method approach was adopted. (i) A face-to-face survey design was used to elicit experience of carers of patients on HEN...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Wu-Qi Qiu, Ju-Fang Shi, Lan-Wei Guo, A-Yan Mao, Hui-Yao Huang, Guang-Yu Hu, Pei Dong, Fang-Zhou Bai, Xiao-Ling Yan, Xian-Zhen Liao, Guo-Xiang Liu, Ya-Na Bai, Jian-Song Ren, Xiao-Jie Sun, Xin-Yu Zhu, Jin-Yi Zhou, Ji-Yong Gong, Lin Zhu, Ling Mai, Ling-Bing Du, Qi Zhou, Xiao-Jing Xing, Bing-Bing Song, Yu-Qin Liu, Pei-An Lou, Xiao-Hua Sun, Shou-Ling Wu, Rong Cao, Xiao Qi, Li Lan, Ying Ren, Kai Zhang, Jie He, Chunfeng Qu, Min Dai
Objective: This study aims to understand the medical expenditure for liver cancer during 2002-2011 in urban areas of China. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective study. Based on a stratified cluster sampling method, a medical expenditure survey collected basic personal information from related medical records. Two-tailed independent sample t-test, variance analysis, and Student-Newman-Keuls Tests were used in cost analysis for the corresponding data types...
January 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
Lauren C Houghton, Julia S Sisti, Susan E Hankinson, Jing Xie, Xia Xu, Robert N Hoover, A Heather Eliassen, Regina G Ziegler
BACKGROUND: Estrogen metabolism in premenopausal women may be related to early life body fatness. METHODS: Premenopausal women participating in the Nurses' Health Study II recalled their body fatness at ages 5, 10, and 20 years using a validated 9-level pictogram. Fifteen estrogens and estrogen metabolites (EM) were measured using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry in luteal phase urines from 603 women aged 32-54 years. Geometric means of individual EM, metabolic pathway groups, and pathway ratios were examined by body fatness categories using linear mixed models...
March 6, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
D Dante Yeh, Eva Fuentes, Sadeq A Quraishi, Jarone Lee, Haytham M A Kaafarani, Peter Fagenholz, Kathryn Butler, Marc DeMoya, Yuchiao Chang, George Velmahos
BACKGROUND: Failure to provide adequate nutrition in the intensive care unit (ICU) may be particularly harmful for patients with prolonged critical illness. We hypothesized that early nutrition inadequacy is more influential for those requiring a longer ICU stay versus those requiring a shorter stay. METHODS: We enrolled 280 adult patients with prolonged surgical ICU stay who were receiving enteral nutrition for >72 hours. Subjects were divided into 2 groups: shortICU (<14 days) and longICU (≥14 days)...
January 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Qi Sun, Geng Zong, Damaskini Valvi, Flemming Nielsen, Brent Coull, Philippe Grandjean
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence suggests that perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are endocrine disruptors and may contribute to the etiology of type 2 diabetes (T2D), but this hypothesis needs to be clarified in prospective human studies. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to examine the associations between PFAS exposures and subsequent incidence of T2D in the Nurses' Health Study II (NHSII). In addition, we aimed to evaluate potential demographic and lifestyle determinants of plasma PFAS concentrations...
March 1, 2018: Environmental Health Perspectives
Geng Zong, Damaskini Valvi, Brent Coull, Thomas Göen, Frank B Hu, Flemming Nielsen, Philippe Grandjean, Qi Sun
BACKGROUND: Exposure to persistent organic pollutants (POPs) may predispose to the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D), but prospective human evidence is scarce. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the association between plasma-POP concentrations in the late 1990s and incident T2D over 11 years of follow-up in the Nurses' Health Study II. DISCUSSION: Three organochlorine pesticides and 20 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were measured in banked plasma from 793 case-control pairs of T2D...
February 21, 2018: Environment International
Orianne Dumas, Raphäelle Varraso, Krislyn M Boggs, Alexis Descatha, Paul K Henneberger, Catherine Quinot, Frank E Speizer, Jan-Paul Zock, Nicole Le Moual, Carlos A Camargo
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between occupational exposure to disinfectants/antiseptics used for hand hygiene and asthma control in nurses. METHODS: In 2014, we invited female nurses with asthma drawn from the Nurses' Health Study II to complete two supplemental questionnaires on their occupation and asthma (cross-sectional study, response rate: 80%). Among 4055 nurses (mean age: 59 years) with physician-diagnosed asthma and asthma medication use in the past year, we examined asthma control, as defined by the Asthma Control Test (ACT)...
February 23, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
James McGann, Jaqueline Manohar, Harriet Hiscock, Denise O'Connor, Jan Hodgson, Franz Babl, Valerie Sung
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the barriers and enablers influencing the uptake of two recommendations from a tertiary paediatric hospital's clinical practice guidelines by maternal and child health nurses (MCHNs) and emergency department (ED) doctors: (i) explaining normal crying; and (ii) avoiding attributing crying to gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) and limiting anti-reflux medication use. METHODS: The study was designed as 1-h focus group discussions, guided by the Theoretical Domains Framework, and a short questionnaire, with a purposive sample of MCHNs and ED doctors in Victoria, Australia in (March to September) 2015...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Hakime Mustafaei Najaf-Abadi, Behrooz Rezaei
AIM: To assess the prevalence of health-promoting behaviours (HPBs) and their associations with some occupational factors among nurses. BACKGROUND: Health-promoting behaviours are significant indicators of health status. Nurses' HPBs may have a direct impact on patients' care and safety. METHODS: A descriptive, questionnaire design was conducted among nursing staff (n = 136) in a district hospital in Iran during 2015. Data was collected using a two-part questionnaire, which included the Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile II...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
Kaitlin A Hagan, Elisabeth Erekson, Andrea Austin, Vatche A Minassian, Mary K Townsend, Julie Pw Bynum, Francine Grodstein
BACKGROUND: Symptoms of urinary incontinence are commonly perceived to vary over time; yet, there is limited quantitative evidence regarding the natural history of urinary incontinence, especially over the long-term. OBJECTIVE: To delineate the course of urinary incontinence symptoms over time, using two large cohorts of middle-age and older women, with data collected over 10 years. STUDY DESIGN: We studied 9,376 women from the Nurses' Health Study, age 56-81 years at baseline, and 7,491 women from Nurses' Health Study II, age 39-56 years, with incident urinary incontinence in 2002-3...
February 6, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Jacqueline Lammert, Jan Lubinski, Jacek Gronwald, Tomasz Huzarski, Susan Armel, Andrea Eisen, Wendy S Meschino, Henry T Lynch, Carrie Snyder, Charis Eng, Olufunmilayo I Olopade, Ophira Ginsburg, William D Foulkes, Christine Elser, Stephanie A Cohen, Marion Kiechle, Steven A Narod, Joanne Kotsopoulos
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is inversely associated with the risk of breast cancer among women in the general population. It is not clear whether or not physical activity is associated with the risk of BRCA-associated breast cancer. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study of 443 matched pairs of BRCA mutation carriers to evaluate the association between physical activity and breast cancer risk. Moderate and vigorous physical activities at ages 12-13, ages 14-17, ages 18-22, ages 23-29 and ages 30-34 were determined using the Nurses' Health Study II Physical Activity Questionnaire...
February 5, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Elizabeth H Skinner, Melanie Lloyd, Edward Janus, May Lea Ong, Amalia Karahalios, Terry P Haines, Anne-Maree Kelly, Melina Shackell, Harin Karunajeewa
BACKGROUND: Community-acquired pneumonia is a leading worldwide cause of hospital admissions and healthcare resource consumption. The largest proportion of hospitalisations now occurs in older patients, with high rates of multimorbidity and complex care needs. In Australia, this population is usually managed by hospital inpatient general internal medicine units. Adherence to consensus best-practice guidelines is poor. Ensuring evidence-based care and reducing length of stay may improve patient outcomes and reduce organisational costs...
February 5, 2018: Trials
H R Harris, A C Eke, J E Chavarro, S A Missmer
STUDY QUESTION: Is there an association between intake of fruits and vegetables and risk of laparoscopically confirmed endometriosis? SUMMARY ANSWER: Higher intake of fruits, particularly citrus fruits, is associated with a lower risk of endometriosis. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Two case-control studies have examined the associations between fruit and vegetable intake and endometriosis risk with contrasting results. Diets rich in fruits and vegetables include higher levels of pro-vitamin A nutrients (alpha-carotene, beta-carotene, beta-cryptoxanthin) and women with endometriosis have been reported to have lower intake of vitamin A than women without endometriosis...
February 1, 2018: Human Reproduction
Hugo Lopes, Céu Mateus, Cristina Hernández-Quevedo
The Portuguese National Network for Long-term Integrated Care (Rede Nacional de Cuidados Continuados, RNCCI) was created in 2006 as a partnership between the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Labour and Social Solidarity. The formal provision of care within the RNCCI is made up of non-profit and non-public institutions called Private Institutions of Social Solidarity, public institutions belonging to the National Health Service and for-profit-institutions. These institutions are organized by type of care in two main settings: (i) Home and Community-Based Services and (ii) four types of Nursing Homes to account for different care needs...
January 11, 2018: Health Policy
Pietro Manuel Ferraro, Giovanni Gambaro, Gary C Curhan, Eric N Taylor
PURPOSE: The association between intakes of trace metals and risk of incident stones has not been longitudinally investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a prospective analysis of 193,551 participants of the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (HPFS), Nurses' Health Study (NHS) I and II. During a follow-up of 3,316,580 person-years, there were 6,576 incident stones. We used multivariate regression models to identify associations between intakes of zinc, iron, copper and manganese and risk of stones...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Urology
Annica Bjorkman, Martin Salzmann-Erikson
The aim of the study was to describe the telephone nurses' experiences of encountering callers with mental illnesses. Telenursing services are solely staffed with telenurses, who with the support of a decision support system (CDSS) independently triage callers based on the severity of the main symptoms presented by the care seeker. The system focuses on somatic symptoms, while information regarding mental health and mental illnesses is limited. Information about telenurses' experiences of encountering care seekers with mental illnesses is scarce, despite the increase in mental illnesses in the population...
January 31, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"