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nurses' health study II

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938101/exposure-to-particulate-matter-air-pollution-and-risk-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-two-large-cohorts-of-us-nurses
#1
N Palacios, K L Munger, K C Fitzgerald, J E Hart, T Chitnis, A Ascherio, F Laden
BACKGROUND: Air pollution is thought to raise the risk of neurological disease by promoting neuroinflammation, oxidative stress, glial activation and cerebrovascular damage. Multiple Sclerosis is a common auto-immune disorder, primarily affecting young women. We conducted, to a large prospective study of particulate matter (PM) exposure and multiple sclerosis (MS) risk in two prospective cohorts of women: the Nurses Health Study (NHS) and the Nurses Health Study II (NHS II). METHODS: Cumulative average exposure to different size fractions of PM up to the onset of MS was estimated using spatio-temporal models...
September 19, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934404/organizational-and-managerial-factors-associated-with-clinical-practice-guideline-adherence-a-simulation-based-study-in-36-french-hospital-wards
#2
Florence Saillour-Glénisson, Marion Kret, Sandrine Domecq, Matthieu Sibé, Valentin Daucourt, Virginie Migeot, David Veillard, Philippe Michel
Objectives: To identify managerial and organizational characteristics of multi-specialty medicine wards and individual characteristics of health professionals that are most strongly associated with clinical practice guidelines (CPG) adherence. Design: Cross-sectional stratified cluster sample design. Setting: Data were gathered from 36 randomly selected multi-specialty medicine wards. Participants: The study population included all health professionals involved in patient care working in the participating wards...
August 1, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929554/optimizing-patient-and-public-involvement-ppi-identifying-its-essential-and-desirable-principles-using-a-systematic-review-and-modified-delphi-methodology
#3
Rebecca L Baines, Sam Regan de Bere
BACKGROUND: There is international interest in the active involvement of patients and the public. However, consensus on how best to optimize its application is currently unavailable. OBJECTIVE: To identify and assess the underlying principles of patient and public involvement (PPI) in health and social care services, research, education and regulation across medicine, dentistry and nursing. DESIGN: A four-phase methodology: (i) an extensive systematic review of published and grey literature; (ii) inductive thematic analysis of review findings; (iii) development of best practice principles; and (iv) consensus testing of identified principles using a modified Delphi methodology...
September 19, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929486/migraine-and-invasive-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-risk-in-the-nurses-health-study-ii-and-the-women-s-health-study
#4
Megan S Rice, Pamela M Rist, Anke C Winter, Tobias Kurth, Shelley S Tworoger
Migraine is a common primary headache disorder, which predominantly impacts women. Recently, migraine has been hypothesized to be associated with hormonally related cancers; however the potential association between migraine and ovarian cancer has not been studied. Therefore, we evaluated the association between migraine and invasive epithelial ovarian cancer risk in two prospective cohorts, the Nurses' Health Study II (NHSII) and the Women's Health Study (WHS). Our prospective analysis included 113,124 NHSII participants aged 25-42 at study baseline as well as 33,490 participants in the WHS who were 45 years or older at study entry...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926151/hospital-in-the-home-nurses-recognition-and-response-to-clinical-deterioration
#5
Erika Gray, Judy Currey, Julie Considine
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To obtain an understanding of how HITH (Hospital in the Home) nurses recognise and respond to clinical deterioration in patients receiving care at home or in their usual place of residence. BACKGROUND: Recognising and responding to clinical deterioration is an international safety priority and a key nursing responsibility. Despite an increase in care delivery in home environments, how HITH nurses recognise and respond to clinical deterioration is not yet fully understood...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919614/use-of-acute-physiology-and-chronic-health-evaluation-apache-ii-and-red-cell-distribution-width-rdw-for-assessment-of-mortality-of-patients-with-sepsis-in-icu
#6
A Q Huda, M R Karim, M A Mahmud, M S Islam, M F Haque, M R Islam, M A Hossain
Critically ill patients of Intensive Care Unit (ICU) need highest level of monitoring, intense nursing care and integrated management which are very expensive and consume significant part of hospital resources. Prediction of outcome from disease has become an essential component of health science. So, various scoring systems have been developed to predict outcome of critically ill patients in ICU. There is no perfect model of severity score to predict ICU mortality. Search for new system is still remaining as continuous efforts to find the best model to get accurate information about the prognosis and outcome of critically ill patients...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913937/healthcare-professionals-perceptions-of-neglect-of-older-people-in-mexico-a-qualitative-secondary-analysis
#7
Billy A Caceres, Linda Bub, Maria Isabel Negrete, Liliana Giraldo Rodríguez, Allison P Squires
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe healthcare professionals' perceptions of neglect of older people in Mexico. BACKGROUND: Mistreatment of older people, particularly neglect, has emerged as a significant public health concern worldwide. However, few studies have been conducted to examine neglect of older people in low- and middle-income countries. Most research has focused on estimating the prevalence of neglect in older populations with little emphasis on the perceptions of healthcare professionals and their role in addressing neglect of older people...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904540/assessing-emergency-nurses-clinical-competency-an-exploratory-factor-analysis-study
#8
Atefeh Ghanbari, Fateme Hasandoost, Ehsan Kazemnezhad Lyili, Rasoul Tabari Khomeiran, Maryam Momeni
BACKGROUND: Nursing as a clinical discipline is developing in the emergency wards. Health care systems should continuously assess and prioritize indicators of clinical competency in these wards. The lack of clear standards of clinical competency indicators challenges evaluation. The purpose of this study was to determine clinical competency indicators and its priority based on nurses' views in educational and therapeutic centers in Guilan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Q methodology was conducted in three phases, that is, phase I (determining the clinical competency indicators), phase II (classifying clinical competency indicators by an expert panel), and phase III (prioritizing clinical competency indicators)...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902699/experiences-of-and-support-for-nurses-as-second-victims-of-adverse-nursing-errors-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#9
C J Cabilan, Kathryn Kynoch
BACKGROUND: Second victims are clinicians who have made adverse errors and feel traumatized by the experience. The current published literature on second victims is mainly representative of doctors, hence nurses' experiences are not fully depicted. This systematic review was necessary to understand the second victim experience for nurses, explore the support provided, and recommend appropriate support systems for nurses. OBJECTIVES: To synthesize the best available evidence on nurses' experiences as second victims, and explore their experiences of the support they receive and the support they need...
September 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893080/core-competencies-of-radiographers-working-in-rural-hospitals-of-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#10
Bernard Mung'omba, Annali D H Botha
INTRODUCTION: Rural radiographers require, over and above traditional radiographic expertise, additional competencies which to a certain degree are unique however not limited to rural practice. Previous studies, however, have focused more attention primarily on other rural health professionals such as doctors and nurses leaving a research need in this field. This article focuses on the additional competencies that may be required for rural radiographers. AIM: To investigate and identify additional core competencies required by radiographers working in rural hospitals of KwaZulu-Natal in order to propose a continuous professional development strategy aimed at rural radiographers...
August 31, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886600/outdoor-light-at-night-and-breast-cancer-incidence-in-the-nurses-health-study-ii
#11
Peter James, Kimberly A Bertrand, Jaime E Hart, Eva S Schernhammer, Rulla M Tamimi, Francine Laden
BACKGROUND: Animal and epidemiologic studies suggest that exposure to light at night (LAN) may disrupt circadian patterns and decrease nocturnal secretion of melatonin, which may disturb estrogen regulation, leading to increased breast cancer risk. OBJECTIVES: We examined the association between residential outdoor LAN and breast cancer incidence using data from the nationwide U.S.-based Nurses' Health Study II cohort. METHODS: We followed 109,672 women from 1989 through 2013...
August 17, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882148/environmental-radon-exposure-and-breast-cancer-risk-in-the-nurses-health-study-ii
#12
Trang VoPham, Natalie DuPré, Rulla M Tamimi, Peter James, Kimberly A Bertrand, Veronica Vieira, Francine Laden, Jaime E Hart
BACKGROUND: Radon and its decay products, a source of ionizing radiation, are primarily inhaled and can deliver a radiation dose to breast tissue, where they may continue to decay and emit DNA damage-inducing particles. Few studies have examined the relationship between radon and breast cancer. METHODS: The Nurses' Health Study II (NHSII) includes U.S. female registered nurses who completed biennial questionnaires since 1989. Self-reported breast cancer was confirmed from medical records...
September 7, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881450/translation-and-field-testing-of-the-family-functioning-family-health-and-social-support-questionnaire-in-danish-outpatients-with-heart-failure
#13
Birte Østergaard, Karen Steenvinkel Pedersen, Jørgen Lauridsen, Birgitte Nørgaard, Bernard Jeune
BACKGROUND: Valid and reliable instruments to assess family functioning, health and social support in families with heart failure constitute a cornerstone in the detection of the families' needs, in improving their functioning and in evaluating the effects of nursing interventions. AIM: To translate the three scales of the Family Functioning, Family Health and Social Support (FAFHES) questionnaire from Finnish into Danish, to test validity and reliability of the Danish version among outpatients with heart failure and to add to previous studies by reconstructing scales using confirmatory factor analysis...
September 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851765/history-of-breast-feeding-and-risk-of-incident-endometriosis-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Leslie V Farland, A Heather Eliassen, Rulla M Tamimi, Donna Spiegelman, Karin B Michels, Stacey A Missmer
Objective To investigate the association between lifetime breast feeding, exclusive breast feeding, postpartum amenorrhea, and incidence of endometriosis among parous women.Design Prospective cohort study.Setting Nurses' Health Study II, 1989-2011.Participants 72 394women who reported having one or more pregnancies that lasted at least six months, 3296 of whom had laparoscopically confirmed endometriosis. For each pregnancy, women reported duration of total breast feeding, exclusive breast feeding, and postpartum amenorrhea...
August 29, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842447/no-association-between-dietary-sodium-intake-and-the-risk-of-multiple-sclerosis
#15
Marianna Cortese, Changzheng Yuan, Tanuja Chitnis, Alberto Ascherio, Kassandra L Munger
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively investigate the association between dietary sodium intake and multiple sclerosis (MS) risk. METHODS: In this cohort study, we assessed dietary sodium intake by a validated food frequency questionnaire administered every 4 years to 80,920 nurses in the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) (1984-2002) and to 94,511 in the Nurses' Health Study II (NHSII) (1991-2007), and calibrated it using data from a validation study. There were 479 new MS cases during follow-up...
August 25, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833418/conflicting-rationales-leader-s-experienced-ethical-challenges-in-community-health-care-for-older-people
#16
Åshild Slettebø, Ragnhild Skaar, Kari Brodtkorb, Anne Skisland
BACKGROUND: Ethical challenges arise in all types of care, and leaders need to be aware of how to resolve these challenges. Healthcare systems tend to be organised around medical conditions, and the patient is often faced with a series of uncoordinated visits to multiple specialties. Ideally, care should be organised around the patient's needs. AIM: The purpose of this article was to highlight some ethical challenges perceived by leaders with responsibility for management and service distribution, finance and ensuring quality of community health services for older people...
August 22, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826840/effectiveness-of-dietetic-consultations-in-primary-health-care-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#17
Lana J Mitchell, Lauren E Ball, Lynda J Ross, Katelyn A Barnes, Lauren T Williams
BACKGROUND: A dietetic consultation is a structured process aimed at supporting individual patients to modify their dietary behaviors to improve health outcomes. The body of evidence on the effectiveness of nutrition care provided by dietitians in primary health care settings has not previously been synthesized. This information is important to inform the role of dietitians in primary health care service delivery. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the evidence of the effectiveness of individual consultations provided exclusively by dietitians in primary care to support adult patients to modify dietary intake and improve health outcomes...
August 19, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816590/physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviors-among-lesbian-bisexual-and-heterosexual-women-findings-from-the-nurses-health-study-ii
#18
Nicole A VanKim, S Bryn Austin, Hee-Jin Jun, Heather L Corliss
INTRODUCTION: Lesbian and bisexual (LB) women are at greater risk of obesity than heterosexuals. However, few studies have examined sexual orientation differences in physical activity (PA) and even fewer have examined differences in sedentary behaviors. This study assessed PA more comprehensively than previous research by including aerobic PA, strengthening PA, and sitting time, to explore sexual orientation differences among adult women. METHODS: Nearly 100,000 women from Nurses' Health Study II were included in multivariable-adjusted repeated measures analyses...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808183/indoor-tanning-bed-use-and-risk-of-food-addiction-based-on-the-modified-yale-food-addiction-scale
#19
Wen-Qing Li, John E McGeary, Eunyoung Cho, Alan Flint, Shaowei Wu, Alberto Ascherio, Eric Rimm, Alison Field, Abrar A Qureshi
The popularity of indoor tanning may be partly attributed to the addictive characteristics of tanning for some individuals. We aimed to determine the association between frequent indoor tanning, which we view as a surrogate for tanning addiction, and food addiction. A total of 67,910 women were included from the Nurses' Health Study II. In 2005, we collected information on indoor tanning during high school/college and age 25-35 years, and calculated the average use of indoor tanning during these periods. Food addiction was defined as ≥3 clinically significant symptoms plus clinically significant impairment or distress, assessed in 2009 using a modified version of the Yale Food Addiction Scale...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807634/-severity-assessment-strategies-based-on-administrative-data-using-stroke-as-an-example
#20
Ingrid Schubert, Antje Hammer, Ingrid Köster
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Information on disease severity is relevant for many studies with claims data in health service research, but only limited information is available in routine data. Stroke serves as an example, to analyse whether the combination of different information in claims data can provide insight into the severity of a disease. METHOD: As a first step, a literature search was conducted. Strategies to assess the severity of a disease by means of routine data were examined with regards and applicability to German sickness fund data...
August 11, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
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