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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644548/repetitive-peripheral-magnetic-stimulation-for-activities-of-daily-living-and-functional-ability-in-people-after-stroke
#1
REVIEW
Ryo Momosaki, Naoki Yamada, Erika Ota, Masahiro Abo
BACKGROUND: Repetitive peripheral magnetic stimulation (rPMS) is a form of therapy that creates painless stimulation of deep muscle structures to improve motor function in people with physical impairment from brain or nerve disorders. Use of rPMS for people after stroke has been identified as a feasible approach to improve activities of daily living and functional ability. However, no systematic reviews have assessed the findings of available trials. The effect and safety of this intervention for people after stroke currently remain uncertain...
June 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642217/an-interactive-mobile-based-tool-for-personal-social-network-data-collection-and-visualization-among-a-geographically-isolated-and-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-population-early-stage-feasibility-study-with-qualitative-user-feedback
#2
Katherine S Eddens, Jesse M Fagan, Tom Collins
BACKGROUND: Personal social networks have a profound impact on our health, yet collecting personal network data for use in health communication, behavior change, or translation and dissemination interventions has proved challenging. Recent advances in social network data collection software have reduced the burden of network studies on researchers and respondents alike, yet little testing has occurred to discover whether these methods are: (1) acceptable to a variety of target populations, including those who may have limited experience with technology or limited literacy; and (2) practical in the field, specifically in areas that are geographically and technologically disconnected, such as rural Appalachian Kentucky...
June 22, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642125/safety-and-efficacy-of-dual-lead-thalamic-deep-brain-stimulation-for-patients-with-treatment-refractory-multiple-sclerosis-tremor-a-single-centre-randomised-single-blind-pilot-trial
#3
Seth F Oliveria, Ramon L Rodriguez, Dawn Bowers, Daniel Kantor, Justin D Hilliard, Erin H Monari, Bonnie M Scott, Michael S Okun, Kelly D Foote
BACKGROUND: Efficacy in previous studies of surgical treatments of refractory multiple sclerosis tremor using lesioning or deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been variable. The aim of this study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of dual-lead thalamic DBS (one targeting the ventralis intermedius-ventralis oralis posterior nucleus border [the VIM lead] and one targeting the ventralis oralis anterior-ventralis oralis posterior border [the VO lead]) for the treatment of multiple sclerosis tremor...
June 19, 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640179/engagement-in-pleasant-leisure-activities-and-blood-pressure-a-5-year-longitudinal-study-in-alzheimer-s-caregivers
#4
Brent T Mausbach, Rosa Romero-Moreno, Taylor Bos, Roland von Känel, Michael G Ziegler, Matthew A Allison, Paul J Mills, Joel E Dimsdale, Sonia Ancoli-Israel, Andrés Losada, María Márquez-González, Thomas L Patterson, Igor Grant
OBJECTIVE: Elevated blood pressure is a significant public health concern, particularly given its association with cardiovascular disease risk, including stroke. Caring for a loved one with Alzheimer's disease has been associated with physical health morbidity, including higher blood pressure. Engagement in adaptive coping strategies may help prevent blood pressure elevation in this population. This 5-year longitudinal study examined whether greater participation in pleasant leisure activities was associated with reduced blood pressure in caregivers...
May 31, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639335/a-systematic-review-on-identifying-risk-factors-associated-with-early-sexual-debut-and-coerced-sex-among-adolescents-and-young-people-in-communities
#5
REVIEW
Regina Lai Tong Lee, Alice Yuen Loke, Tsz Man Tommy Hung, Howard Sobel
AIM: To review literature on identifying the risk factors associated with early sexual coerced debut with the aim to facilitate the health care workers' planning of relevant health services to improve intervention strategies for delaying of early coerced sexual debut or forced sexual debut (CSD/FSD) in the communities. BACKGROUND: Identifying the risk factors associated with coercion at first sex is crucial for developing appropriate sexual and reproductive health information and health promotion in response...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638000/effectiveness-of-workplace-exercise-supervised-by-a-physical-therapist-among-nurses-conducting-shift-work-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Ryutaro Matsugaki, Satoshi Kuhara, Satoru Saeki, Ying Jiang, Ryoma Michishita, Masanori Ohta, Hiroshi Yamato
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of supervised exercise among nurses conducting shift work for health promotion. METHODS: A total of 30 healthy female nurses conducting shift work participated in this study and they were randomly assigned to one of the following 2 groups: The supervised exercise group (SG; participants exercised under the supervision of a physical therapist (PT)) and the voluntary exercise group (VG; participants exercised without supervision)...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637448/vitamin-d-levels-and-deficiency-with-different-occupations-a-systematic-review
#7
Daniel Sowah, Xiangning Fan, Liz Dennett, Reidar Hagtvedt, Sebastian Straube
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency is prevalent worldwide, but some groups are at greater risk. We aim to evaluate vitamin D levels in different occupations and identify groups vulnerable to vitamin D deficiency. METHODS: An electronic search conducted in Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and CINAHL Plus with Full Text generated 2505 hits; 71 peer-reviewed articles fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Occupations investigated included outdoor and indoor workers, shiftworkers, lead/smelter workers, coalminers, and healthcare professionals...
June 22, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636204/aerobic-exercise-training-for-adults-with-fibromyalgia
#8
REVIEW
Julia Bidonde, Angela J Busch, Candice L Schachter, Tom J Overend, Soo Y Kim, Suelen M Góes, Catherine Boden, Heather Ja Foulds
BACKGROUND: Exercise training is commonly recommended for individuals with fibromyalgia. This review is one of a series of reviews about exercise training for people with fibromyalgia that will replace the "Exercise for treating fibromyalgia syndrome" review first published in 2002. OBJECTIVES: • To evaluate the benefits and harms of aerobic exercise training for adults with fibromyalgia• To assess the following specific comparisons ० Aerobic versus control conditions (eg, treatment as usual, wait list control, physical activity as usual) ० Aerobic versus aerobic interventions (eg, running vs brisk walking) ० Aerobic versus non-exercise interventions (eg, medications, education) We did not assess specific comparisons involving aerobic exercise versus other exercise interventions (eg, resistance exercise, aquatic exercise, flexibility exercise, mixed exercise)...
June 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635074/do-sleep-disturbances-mediate-the-association-between-work-family-conflict-and-depressive-symptoms-among-nurses-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Yuan Zhang, Jeanne F Duffy, Elizabeth Ronan de Castillero
INTRODUCTION: Depression has been identified as the leading cause of disability worldwide. Nurses report higher rates of depression than the general public. Work-family conflict is challenging for nurses and may lead to depression and poor health. However, the mechanisms for the effect of work-family conflict on depression haven't been well understood. AIM: The objective is to use a cross-sectional design to examine the role of sleep disturbances in the association between work-family conflict and depressive symptoms in nurses...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633627/effectiveness-of-a-motivational-intervention-on-overweight-obese-patients-in-the-primary-healthcare-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#10
Juan Jose Rodriguez-Cristobal, Carlos Alonso-Villaverde, Jose Ma Panisello, Pere Travé-Mercade, Francisca Rodriguez-Cortés, Josep Ramon Marsal, Esther Peña
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are common health problems which increase the risk of developing several serious health conditions. The main difficulty in the management of weight-loss lies in its maintenance, once it is achieved. The aim of this study was to investigate whether a motivational intervention, together with current clinical practice, was more efficient than a traditional intervention, in the treatment of overweight and obesity and whether this intervention reduces cardiovascular risk factors associated with overweight and obesity...
June 20, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632933/patient-characteristics-associated-with-a-successful-response-to-nurse-led-care-programs-targeting-the-oldest-old-a-comparison-of-two-rcts
#11
Nienke Bleijenberg, Lorenz Imhof, Romy Mahrer-Imhof, Margaret I Wallhagen, Niek J de Wit, Marieke J Schuurmans
BACKGROUND: To improve the effectiveness of community-based care programs, especially those targeting the oldest-old population (80+), data are needed that elucidate those factors associated with a successful response to the intervention. Two comparable nurse-led care programs have been evaluated in two large randomized controlled trials (RCTs), one in Switzerland and one in the Netherlands. AIMS: To identify common patient characteristics that are related to a successful response to proactive nurse-led care, we explored if and to what extent, identical factors were present in both study populations...
June 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632733/ponseti-method-in-the-management-of-clubfoot-under-2-years-of-age-a-systematic-review
#12
Balasankar Ganesan, Ameersing Luximon, Adel Al-Jumaily, Suchita Kothe Balasankar, Ganesh R Naik
BACKGROUND: Congenital talipes equinovarus (CTEV), also known as clubfoot, is common congenital orthopedic foot deformity in children characterized by four components of foot deformities: hindfoot equinus, hindfoot varus, midfoot cavus, and forefoot adduction. Although a number of conservative and surgical methods have been proposed to correct the clubfoot deformity, the relapses of the clubfoot are not uncommon. Several previous literatures discussed about the technical details of Ponseti method, adherence of Ponseti protocol among walking age or older children...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632251/effects-of-nurse-led-telephone-based-supportive-interventions-for-patients-with-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#13
Soon-Rim Suh, Myung Kyung Lee
PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION: To evaluate the effects of nurse-led telephone-based supportive interventions (NTSIs) for patients with cancer.
. LITERATURE SEARCH: Electronic databases, including EMBASE®, MEDLINE, Google Scholar, 
Cochrane Library CENTRAL, ProQuest Medical Library, and CINAHL®, were searched through February 2016.
. DATA EVALUATION: 239 studies were identified; 16 were suitable for meta-analysis. Cochrane's risk of bias tool and the Comprehensive Meta-Analysis software were used...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628522/patient-experiences-of-partnering-with-healthcare-professionals-for-hand-hygiene-compliance-a-systematic-review
#14
Samantha Butenko, Craig Lockwood, Alexa McArthur
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections pose a significant risk to patients in acute healthcare settings such as hospitals. Increasingly, patients are encouraged to be active participants and partner with healthcare professionals to positively influence their own safety and overall experience throughout their healthcare journey. Patient-focused safety initiatives include the empowerment of patients to be active partners with healthcare professionals in order to influence the hand hygiene behaviors and compliance of the healthcare professionals providing care to them...
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627936/the-microorganisms-on-nurses-and-health-care-workers-uniforms-in-the-intensive-care-units
#15
Maha Abu Radwan, Muayyad Ahmad
The objective of this study was to identify the types of microorganisms present on uniforms of nurses, physicians, respiratory therapist, students, and housekeepers in intensive care units (ICUs). A convenience sampling was used to recruit the participants ( N = 115) who work at military hospital in Jordan. Environmental cultures ( N = 305) were taken from the participants who were nurses, physicians, students, respiratory therapists, and housekeepers. The number of participating nurses was 58 (50.43%). There were 24 types of microorganisms found on the participants' uniforms...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627110/patient-preferences-for-healthcare-delivery-through-community-pharmacy-settings-in-the-usa-a-discrete-choice-study
#16
M Feehan, M Walsh, J Godin, D Sundwall, M A Munger
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: In order to improve public health, it is necessary to facilitate patients' easy access to affordable high-quality primary health care, and one enhanced approach to do so may be to provide primary healthcare services in the community pharmacy setting. Discrete choice experiments to evaluate patient demand for services in pharmacy are relatively limited and have been hampered by a focus on only a few service alternatives, most focusing on changes in more traditional pharmacy services...
June 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625585/access-disparities-to-magnet-hospitals-for-ischemic-stroke-patients
#17
REVIEW
Kimon Bekelis, Symeon Missios, Todd A MacKenzie
Access disparities to centers of excellence can have detrimental consequences for population health. We investigated the presence of racial disparities in the access of stroke patients to hospitals recognized by the Magnet Recognition Program of the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC). We performed a cohort study of all ischemic stroke patients who were registered in the New York Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System (SPARCS) database from 2009 to 2013. We examined the association of African-American race with Magnet status hospitalization after ischemic stroke...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625430/sensorimotor-and-executive-function-slowing-in-anesthesiology-residents-after-overnight-shifts
#18
George W Williams, Bairavi Shankar, Eliana M Klier, Alice Z Chuang, Salma El Marjiya-Villarreal, Omonele O Nwokolo, Aanchal Sharma, Anne B Sereno
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Medical residents working overnight call shifts experience sleep deprivation and circadian clock disruption. This leads to deficits in sensorimotor function and increases in workplace accidents. Using quick tablet-based tasks, we investigate whether measureable executive function differences exist following a single overnight call versus routine shift, and whether factors like stress, rest and caffeine affect these measures. DESIGN: A prospective, observational, longitudinal, comparison study was conducted...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625273/development-of-a-core-outcome-set-for-disease-modification-trials-in-mild-to-moderate-dementia-a-systematic-review-patient-and-public-consultation-and-consensus-recommendations
#19
Lucy Webster, Derek Groskreutz, Anna Grinbergs-Saull, Rob Howard, John T O'Brien, Gail Mountain, Sube Banerjee, Bob Woods, Robert Perneczky, Louise Lafortune, Charlotte Roberts, Jenny McCleery, James Pickett, Frances Bunn, David Challis, Georgina Charlesworth, Katie Featherstone, Chris Fox, Claire Goodman, Roy Jones, Sallie Lamb, Esme Moniz-Cook, Justine Schneider, Sasha Shepperd, Claire Surr, Jo Thompson-Coon, Clive Ballard, Carol Brayne, Orlaith Burke, Alistair Burns, Linda Clare, Peter Garrard, Patrick Kehoe, Peter Passmore, Clive Holmes, Ian Maidment, Fliss Murtagh, Louise Robinson, Gill Livingston
BACKGROUND: There is currently no disease-modifying treatment available to halt or delay the progression of the disease pathology in dementia. An agreed core set of the best-available and most appropriate outcomes for disease modification would facilitate the design of trials and ensure consistency across disease modification trials, as well as making results comparable and meta-analysable in future trials. OBJECTIVES: To agree a set of core outcomes for disease modification trials for mild to moderate dementia with the UK dementia research community and patient and public involvement (PPI)...
May 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625021/antibiotic-prophylaxis-for-elective-hysterectomy
#20
REVIEW
Reuben Olugbenga Ayeleke, Selma Mourad, Jane Marjoribanks, Karim A Calis, Vanessa Jordan
BACKGROUND: Elective hysterectomy is commonly performed for benign gynaecological conditions. Hysterectomy can be performed abdominally, laparoscopically, or vaginally, with or without laparoscopic assistance. Antibiotic prophylaxis consists of administration of antibiotics to reduce the rate of postoperative infection, which otherwise affects 40%-50% of women after vaginal hysterectomy, and more than 20% after abdominal hysterectomy. No Cochrane review has systematically assessed evidence on this topic...
June 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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