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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345973/patient-satisfaction-with-clinicians-in-colorectal-2-week-wait-clinics
#1
Karen Cock, Bridie Kent
AIM: To determine if patient satisfaction is affected by the clinician (nurse or doctor), conducting the colorectal 2-week wait (2ww) clinics. METHODS: A prospective non-randomised comparative cohort study of 339 consecutive patients (divided by blind allocation into nurse-led (n=216) and doctor-led (n=123) cohorts) conducted over a 3-month period. Patient satisfaction in both cohorts was assessed by an adapted version of the Grogan et al validated patient satisfaction questionnaire...
March 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345677/relationships-of-work-related-psychosocial-risks-stress-individual-factors-and-burnout-questionnaire-survey-among-emergency-physicians-and-nurses
#2
Ivana M Ilić, Mirjana Ž Arandjelović, Jovica M Jovanović, Milkica M Nešić
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial risks represent a great challenge for safety and health protection at work in Europe. The purpose of this study has been to determine the relationships of psychosocial risks arising from work, stress, personal characteristics and burnout among physicians and nurses in the Emergency Medical Service (EMS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study based on a questionnaire survey which contained the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ) and Copenhagen Burnout Inventory (CBI)...
March 24, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345527/prevalence-and-factors-promoting-the-occurrence-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-in-the-elderly
#3
Magdalena Wyskida, Katarzyna Wieczorowska-Tobis, Jerzy Chudek
Vitamin D deficiency affects a large part of the population of elderly people, especially women, who live in moderate climate countries due to a reduced amount of vitamin D in the diet (small sea fish consumption) and reduced content of 7-dehydrocholesterol, which causes decreased skin synthesis. The lowest seasonal concentration of 25(OH)D3 is usually observed during winter and spring. Sun exposure influences 25(OH)D3 concentration more strongly in men than in women. Sociodemographic factors that increase the risk of vitamin D deficiency in the elderly include poor environmental conditions, low economic status, lower educational level, drug exposure (smoking), reduced physical activity, overall poor health and obesity, which causes reduced skin exposure to sunlight...
March 13, 2017: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344513/a-final-year-nursing-student-survey-rural-attitudes-perceived-competencies-and-intention-to-work-across-five-asian-countries
#4
Nareerut Pudpong, Rapeepong Suphanchaimat, Bipin Batra, Jianlin Hou, Lan T H Vu, Paul Dipika
BACKGROUND: Shortages and maldistribution of nurses remain significant problems in many countries. Having appropriate intervention strategies to retain nurses in underserved areas, where they are most needed, are crucial for health system strengthening. This study aimed to quantify attitudes to working in rural areas, perceived competencies, and intention to work among final-year nursing students, and to analyze the associations between those factors and their background characteristics across five countries in the Asia-Pacific Network for Health Professional Education Reforms (ANHER), namely Bangladesh, China, India, Thailand, and Vietnam...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342711/epidemiological-profile-and-vaccination-coverage-in-splenectomy-patients-in-a-health-area-of-murcia-1993-2012
#5
Yolanda Molina-Salas, Francisco José Romera-Guirado, Jaime Jesús Pérez-Martín, María Nieves Peregrín-González, David Góngora-Soria
OBJECTIVE: Splenectomy patients have a high risk of suffering severe infections, many of them preventable by vaccination. The aim of the study was to analyse the clinical epidemiological characteristics and vaccine coverage of these patients in Health Area III of the Region of Murcia. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted on a population of patients that were splenectomised during the period 1993-2012, according to the Register of the Basic Minimum Data Set...
March 22, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342694/nursing-led-home-visits-post-hospitalization-for-children-with-medical-complexity
#6
Sarah Wells, Margaret O'Neill, Jayne Rogers, Kevin Blaine, Amy Hoffman, Sarah McBride, Meghan M Tschudy, Igor Shumskiy, Sangeeta Mauskar, Jay G Berry
PURPOSE: Hospital discharge for children with medical complexity (CMC) can be challenging for families. Home visits could potentially benefit CMC and their families after leaving the hospital. We assessed the utility of post-discharge home visits to identify and address health problems for recently hospitalized CMC. DESIGN AND METHODS: A prospective study of 36 CMC admitted to a children's hospital from 4/15/2015 to 4/14/2016 identified with a possible high risk of hospital readmission and offered a post-discharge home visit within 72h of discharge...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341882/lifetime-allergic-rhinitis-prevalence-among-us-primary-farm-operators-findings-from-the-2011-farm-and-ranch-safety-survey
#7
Jacek M Mazurek, Paul K Henneberger
PURPOSE: Allergic rhinitis is associated with decreased quality of life, and reduced workplace performance and productivity. This study investigated the prevalence of lifetime allergic rhinitis and factors associated with allergic rhinitis among US primary farm operators. METHODS: The 2011 Farm and Ranch Safety Survey data collected from 11,210 active farm operators were analyzed. Survey respondents were determined to have lifetime allergic rhinitis based on a "yes" response to the question: "Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that you had hay fever, seasonal allergies, or allergic rhinitis?" Data were weighted to produce nationally representative estimates...
March 24, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341689/designing-a-physical-activity-intervention-for-children-with-asthma-a-qualitative-study-of-the-views-of-healthcare-professionals-parents-and-children-with-asthma
#8
Russell Jago, Aidan Searle, A John Henderson, Katrina M Turner
OBJECTIVES: Qualitative methods were used to examine: (1) the attitudes of health professionals to promoting physical activity for children with asthma; (2) reasons why children with asthma are less active and (3) how a physical activity programme for children with asthma could be designed. DESIGN: Semistructured interviews were conducted with health professionals, children with asthma and their parents between October 2015 and March 2016. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and thematically analysed...
March 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341617/internet-delivered-health-interventions-that-work-systematic-review-of-meta-analyses-and-evaluation-of-website-availability
#9
Mary Am Rogers, Kelsey Lemmen, Rachel Kramer, Jason Mann, Vineet Chopra
BACKGROUND: Due to easy access and low cost, Internet-delivered therapies offer an attractive alternative to improving health. Although numerous websites contain health-related information, finding evidence-based programs (as demonstrated through randomized controlled trials, RCTs) can be challenging. We sought to bridge the divide between the knowledge gained from RCTs and communication of the results by conducting a global systematic review and analyzing the availability of evidence-based Internet health programs...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340553/promoting-independence-health-and-well-being-for-older-people-a-feasibility-study-of-computer-aided-health-and-social-risk-appraisal-system-in-primary-care
#10
Kate Walters, Kalpa Kharicha, Claire Goodman, Melanie Handley, Jill Manthorpe, Mima Cattan, Steve Morris, Caroline S Clarke, Jeff Round, Steve Iliffe
BACKGROUND: With population ageing, research is needed into new low-cost, scalable methods of effective promotion of health and wellbeing for older people. We aimed to assess feasibility, reach and costs of implementing a new tailored computer-aided health and social risk appraisal system in primary care. METHODS: Design: Feasibility study. SETTING: Five General Practices in London (Ealing) and Hertfordshire, United Kingdom (UK) Participants: Random sample of patients aged 65 + years...
March 24, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339684/embedding-nursing-interventions-into-the-world-health-organization-s-international-classification-of-health-interventions-ichi
#11
Nicola Fortune, Nicholas R Hardiker, Gillian Strudwick
Objective: : The International Classification of Health Interventions, currently being developed, seeks to span all sectors of the health system. Our objective was to test the draft classification's coverage of interventions commonly delivered by nurses, and propose changes to improve the utility and reliability of the classification for aggregating and analyzing data on nursing interventions. Materials and methods: : A 2-phase content mapping method was used: (1) three coders independently applied the classification to a dataset comprising 100 high-frequency nursing interventions; (2) the coders reached consensus for each intervention and identified reasons for initial discrepancies...
February 11, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339494/facility-type-and-primary-care-performance-in-sub-district-health-promotion-hospitals-in-northern-thailand
#12
Nithra Kitreerawutiwong, Sue Jordan, David Hughes
BACKGROUND: Poor and middle-income Thai people rely heavily on primary care health services. These are staffed by a range of professionals. However, it is unknown whether the performance of primary care varies according to the staffing and organization of local service delivery units. Tambon (sub-district) health promotion hospitals (THPHs) were introduced in 2009 to upgrade the services offered by the previous health centres, but were faced with continuing shortages of doctors and nurses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338311/validation-of-self-confidence-scale-for-clean-urinary-intermittent-self-catheterization-for-patients-and-health-caregivers
#13
Cintia Fernandes Baccarin Biaziolo, Alessandra Mazzo, José Carlos Amado Martins, Beatriz Maria Jorge, Rui Carlos Negrão Batista, Silvio Júnior Tucci
OBJECTIVE: To validate a measurement instrument for clean intermittent self-catheterization for patients and health-caregivers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Methodological study of instrument validation performed at a Rehabilitation Center in a University hospital for patients submitted to clean intermittent self-catheterization and their health-caregivers. Following ethical criteria, data were collected during interview with nurse staff using a Likert question form containing 16 items with 5 points each: "no confidence"=1, "little confidence"=2, "confident"=3, "very confident"=4 and "completely confident"=5...
March 24, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333238/clustering-of-pcos-like-traits-in-naturally-hyperandrogenic-female-rhesus-monkeys
#14
D H Abbott, B H Rayome, D A Dumesic, K C Lewis, A K Edwards, K Wallen, M E Wilson, S E Appt, J E Levine
STUDY QUESTION: Do naturally occurring, hyperandrogenic (≥1 SD of population mean testosterone, T) female rhesus monkeys exhibit traits typical of women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Hyperandrogenic female monkeys exhibited significantly increased serum levels of androstenedione (A4), 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP), estradiol (E2), LH, antimullerian hormone (AMH), cortisol, 11-deoxycortisol and corticosterone, as well as increased uterine endometrial thickness and evidence of reduced fertility, all traits associated with PCOS...
March 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332012/-frequency-of-falls-among-clients-of-home-care-services-the-importance-of-care-related-and-social-risk-factors
#15
A Rommel, J Kottner, R Suhr, N Lahmann
BACKGROUND: Among the elderly falls frequently result in injuries, increase the need for long-term care and pose a challenge for the quality assurance in nursing care. We describe the frequency and risk factors of falls among care-dependent persons using home care services in Germany. METHODS: The participants of the study "Nursing-related health problems in home care" (n = 880) were recruited based on a list of the officially accredited nursing services. Data collection followed a standardized study protocol...
March 22, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330419/how-does-sex-affect-the-care-dependency-risk-one-year-after-stroke-a-study-based-on-claims-data-from-a-german-health-insurance-fund
#16
Susanne Schnitzer, Johannes Deutschbein, Christian H Nolte, Martin Kohler, Adelheid Kuhlmey, Liane Schenk
OBJECTIVES: The study explores the association between sex and care dependency risk one year after stroke. METHODS: The study uses claims data from a German statutory health insurance fund. Patients were included if they received a diagnosis of ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke between 1 January and 31 December 2007 and if they survived for one year after stroke and were not dependent on care before the event (n = 1851). Data were collected over a one-year period...
March 22, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328647/pressure-injury-in-a-community-population-a-descriptive-study
#17
Lisa Q Corbett, Marjorie Funk, Gilbert Fortunato, David M OʼSullivan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe present-on-admission pressure injuries (POA-PIs) in community-dwelling adults admitted to acute care. The specific aims of the study were to (1) measure the prevalence of POA-PIs during a 1-year period; (2) determine prehospital location of patients with POA-PIs; and (3) describe demographics, pressure injury (PI) characteristics, risk factors, and posthospital outcome of community-dwelling adults with PIs admitted to hospital. DESIGN: Retrospective descriptive study...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327120/where-s-the-evidence-a-systematic-review-of-economic-analyses-of-residential-aged-care-infrastructure
#18
Tiffany Easton, Rachel Milte, Maria Crotty, Julie Ratcliffe
BACKGROUND: Residential care infrastructure, in terms of the characteristics of the organisation (such as proprietary status, size, and location) and the physical environment, have been found to directly influence resident outcomes. This review aimed to summarise the existing literature of economic evaluations of residential care infrastructure. METHODS: A systematic review of English language articles using AgeLine, CINAHL, Econlit, Informit (databases in Health; Business and Law; Social Sciences), Medline, ProQuest, Scopus, and Web of Science with retrieval up to 14 December 2015...
March 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327086/design-of-the-lifestyle-interventions-for-severe-mentally-ill-outpatients-in-the-netherlands-lion-trial-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-study-of-a-multidimensional-web-tool-intervention-to-improve-cardiometabolic-health-in-patients-with-severe-mental-illness
#19
Anne Looijmans, Frederike Jörg, Richard Bruggeman, Robert Schoevers, Eva Corpeleijn
BACKGROUND: The cardiometabolic health of persons with a severe mental illness (SMI) is alarming with obesity rates of 45-55% and diabetes type 2 rates of 10-15%. Unhealthy lifestyle behaviours play a large role in this. Despite the multidisciplinary guideline for SMI patients recommending to monitor and address patients' lifestyle, most mental health care professionals have limited lifestyle-related knowledge and skills, and (lifestyle) treatment protocols are lacking. Evidence-based practical lifestyle tools may support both patients and staff in improving patients' lifestyle...
March 21, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325517/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-20-year-physical-activity-trends-among-women
#20
Ashley Winning, Paola Gilsanz, Karestan C Koenen, Andrea L Roberts, Qixuan Chen, Jennifer A Sumner, Eric B Rimm, M Maria Glymour, Laura D Kubzansky
INTRODUCTION: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may be associated with physical inactivity, a modifiable lifestyle factor that contributes to risk of cardiovascular and other chronic diseases; however, no study has evaluated the association between PTSD onset and subsequent physical activity (PA) changes. METHOD: Analyses were conducted between October 2014 and April 2016, using data from the ongoing Nurses' Health Study II (N=50,327). Trauma exposure and PTSD symptoms were assessed using two previously validated measures, the Brief Trauma Questionnaire and Short Screening Scale for DSM-IV PTSD...
March 18, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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