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Onur Ismi, Murat Unal, Yusuf Vayisoglu, Mesut Yesilova, Ilter Helvaci, Kemal Gorur, Cengiz Ozcan
Mechanical esophageal closure with stapler during total laryngectomy has been used by various authors to decrease the surgical time and pharyngocutaneous fistula (PCF) rates. In a few of the studies, surgical site infection (SSI) rates are mentioned and none of the studies emphasize the effect of decreased surgical time on postoperative cardiovascular and cerebrovascular complications. In this study, the authors compared the PCF rates, SSI rates, operation times between 30 mechanical stapler and 40 manual esophageal closure during total laryngectomy for laryngeal cancer patients...
January 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Mamatha Bhanu L S, S-I Nishimura, Aparna H S
The unique components of colostrum like free oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates are known to offer resistance to enzymatic digestion in the gastrointestinal tract and have the ability to inhibit the localized adherence of enteropathogens to the digestive tract of the neonates. In this context, we have evaluated the in vitro effect of buffalo colostrum immunoglobulin G on human pathogen Klebsiella pneumoniae, a predominant multidrug resistant pathogen associated with nasocomial infections. The investigation revealed growth inhibitory potential of immunoglobulin G in a dose dependent manner supported by scanning electron microscopic studies...
July 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Türkan Toka Özer
BACKGROUND: Staphylococci are one of the most common pathogens in nasocomial and community-acquired infections. Methicillin-resistant staphylococci are known to be resistant against all beta-lactam antibiotics. Therefore, non-beta-lactam antibiotics such as macrolide and lincosamides can be used. Resistance to those antibiotics may lead to therapeutic failure. The purpose of the present study was to determine the prevalence of macrolide-lincosamide-streptogramin B (MLSB ) resistance by using D-test in staphylococcal isolates from various clinical samples...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Yusuf Kenan Coban
In the last two decades, much progress has been made in the control of burn wound infection and nasocomial infections (NI) in severely burned patients. The continiually changing epidemiology is partially related to greater understanding of and improved techniques for burn patient management as well as effective hospital infection control measures. With the advent of antimicrobial chemotherapeutic agents, infection of the wound site is now not as common as, for example, urinary and blood stream infections. Universal application of early excision of burned tissues has made a substantial improvement in the control of wound-related infections in burns...
August 4, 2012: World Journal of Critical Care Medicine
A A Nafeev, N M Telegina, L A Besova
Two cases of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome are reported. Pulmonary symptoms were manifest in the form of atypical and nasocomial (bacterial) pneumonia.
2012: Klinicheskaia Meditsina
V P Sazhin, A L Avdovenko, N G Bodrova
Microflora of purulent surgical wounds of patients of purulent surgery unit was studied, multiresistant strains were analyzed particularly. Data of 1994 and 1999 were compared with ones of 2004 bearing in mind the administration of new antibiotics (cefalosporins and phthorquinolones) since 2000. Etiology and causes of nasocomial infections, principles of early diagnosis are analyzed in detail.
2007: Khirurgiia
F Paradisi, G Corti
Gram-positive cocci are becoming more and more common agents of nasocomial infections, primarily enterococci and staphylococci in the field of surgical site and bloodstream infection. At the same time, the frequency of multiresistant enterococci and methicillin-resistant staphylococci has increased, whereas glycopeptide-resistant enterococcal strains and, recently, staphylococci with reduced susceptibility to glycopeptides have appeared, so making the use of glycopeptides as the "last-chance drugs" ineffective...
March 2004: Le Infezioni in Medicina
Nese Karaaslan Biyikli, Harika Alpay, Eren Ozek, Ipek Akman, Hulya Bilgen
BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis and proper treatment, including long-term follow up, are very important for neonatal urinary tract infections (UTI). METHODS: The present study reports the analysis and long-term follow-up results of 71 newborns treated for UTI. RESULTS: Forty-one per cent of patients were preterm babies. Suspected sepsis and hyperbilirubinemia were the main presenting features. Community-acquired and nasocomial UTI accounted for 63% and 37% of cases, respectively...
February 2004: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Yoshihiro Kobashi, Toshiharu Matsushima
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical features, etiology, and prognosis of patients who required long-term mechanical ventilation (LMV) of over three months for respiratory failure following underlying disease, and observation of their clinical course until death. PATIENTS: Thirty-seven patients (27 males, 10 females) treated in the internal and medical intensive care unit at Kawasaki Medical School Kawasaki Hospital over the 16-year period from April 1985 to March 2001 were retrospectively studied...
January 2003: Internal Medicine
D W Hayes, V J Mandracchia, D E Buddecke, L J Rissman
Vancomycin is often administered empirically to patients with osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, septic throbophlebitis, infected burns, and cellulitis of the lower extremities when methicillin-resistant staphylococci are suspected, or when a staphylococcus organism is suspected in a penicillin-allergic patient. Physicians must be aware of the guidelines established regarding the use of Vancomycin to avoid bacterial resistance. Physicians also must be aware of the procedures that have been developed to help contain nasocomial outbreaks of Vancomycin-resistant Enterococci...
January 2000: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
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