keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Common-sense concepts

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229854/-how-to-manage-with-rigour-but-flexibility-an-orthodontic-practice
#1
Edmond Binhas, Corinne Binhas
INTRODUCTION: An orthodontic office owner must understand the context and then combine logic, emotion, intuition and common sense. The productivity approach is no longer acceptable. It is necessary to combine rigour, flexibility and pragmatism. DISCUSSION: The obsessive perfectionism is ineffective. In fact, there are four ways to demonstrate a flexible determination: persevere when appropriate, win the support of your entourage, back on some decisions, appeal to the collective will...
March 2017: L' Orthodontie Française
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194453/a-paper-based-platform-for-detection-of-viral-rna
#2
Daohong Zhang, David Broyles, Eric A Hunt, Emre Dikici, Sylvia Daunert, Sapna K Deo
Viral detection presents a host of challenges for even the most sensitive analytical techniques, and the complexity of common detection platforms typically preclude portability. With these considerations in mind, we designed a paper microzone plate-based virus detection system for the detection of viral genetic material that can be performed with simple instruments. The sensing system can detect viral cDNA reverse-transcribed from total RNA extraction by utilizing a biotinylated capture probe and an Alexa Fluor® 647-labeled reporter probe...
February 14, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157992/generalized-high-spectral-resolution-lidar-technique-with-a-multimode-laser-for-aerosol-remote-sensing
#3
Zhongtao Cheng, Dong Liu, Yupeng Zhang, Chong Liu, Jian Bai, Dan Wang, Nanchao Wang, Yudi Zhou, Jing Luo, Yongying Yang, Yibing Shen, Lin Su, Liming Yang
High-spectral-resolution lidar (HSRL) is a powerful tool for atmospheric aerosol remote sensing. The current HSRL technique often requires a single longitudinal mode laser as the transmitter to accomplish the spectral discrimination of the aerosol and molecular scattering conveniently. However, single-mode laser is cumbersome and has very strict requirements for ambient stability, making the HSRL instrument not so robust in many cases. In this paper, a new HSRL concept, called generalized HSRL technique with a multimode laser (MML-gHSRL), is proposed, which can work using a multimode laser...
January 23, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099601/psoriasis-comorbidities-complications-and-benefits-of-immunobiological-treatment
#4
André Vicente Esteves de Carvalho, Ricardo Romiti, Cacilda da Silva Souza, Renato Soriani Paschoal, Laura de Mattos Milman, Luana Pizarro Meneghello
During the last decade, different studies have converged to evidence the high prevalence of comorbidities in subjects with psoriasis. Although a causal relation has not been fully elucidated, genetic relation, inflammatory pathways and/or common environmental factors appear to be underlying the development of psoriasis and the metabolic comorbidities. The concept of psoriasis as a systemic disease directed the attention of the scientific community in order to investigate the extent to which therapeutic interventions influence the onset and evolution of the most prevalent comorbidities in patients with psoriasis...
November 2016: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072590/incorporating-the-patient-s-perspective-in-outcomes-research
#5
Betty Hsiao, Liana Fraenkel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Incorporation of the patients' perspective in clinical research is critical to ensure that outcomes measured reflect those, which matter most to patients. This review summarizes recent efforts to include the patients' perspective in the development of outcome measures and the importance of encouraging patient participation in decision-making and self-management. RECENT FINDINGS: Since the inclusion of fatigue as a patient-endorsed core outcome measure in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) trials, OMERACT has been instrumental in advocating for patient involvement in the development of core domains and instruments; current endeavors include cultivating an understanding of remission through the eyes of patients and gaining a sense of how to measure features of pain and 'stiffness' deemed as important to patients...
March 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072449/a-survival-guide-to-landsat-preprocessing
#6
Nicholas E Young, Ryan S Anderson, Stephen M Chignell, Anthony G Vorster, Rick Lawrence, Paul H Evangelista
Landsat data are increasingly used for ecological monitoring and research. These data often require preprocessing prior to analysis to account for sensor, solar, atmospheric, and topographic effects. However, ecologists using these data are faced with a literature containing inconsistent terminology, outdated methods, and a vast number of approaches with contradictory recommendations. These issues can, at best, make determining the correct preprocessing workflow a difficult and time-consuming task and, at worst, lead to erroneous results...
January 10, 2017: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047960/tu-b-206-02-on-the-algorithmic-approach-to-ethical-conduct
#7
G Sherouse
PURPOSE: To reacquaint the participant with foundational aspects of educational, healthcare and research ethics as they relate to the Medical Physicist day to day role. METHODS: Presenting recognized best practice guidelines and tenants applied to hypothetical scenarios and medical physics related occupations. RESULTS: The application of recognized standards of ethical behavior result in beneficial outcomes for all involved CONCLUSION: Ethics is multi-faceted in its manifestation application; most facets are applicable to any avenue a medical physicist may pursue in their career...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047495/su-f-e-15-initial-experience-implementing-a-case-method-teaching-approach-to-radiation-oncology-physics-residents-graduate-students-and-doctorate-of-medical-physics-students
#8
A Gutierrez
PURPOSE: Case Method Teaching approach is a teaching tool used commonly in business school to challenge students with real-world situations-i.e. CASES: The students are placed in the role of the decision maker and have to provide a solution based on the multitude of information provided. Specifically, students must develop an ability to quickly make sense of a complex problem, provide a solution incorporating all of the objectives (at time conflicting) and constraints, and communicate that solution in a succinct, professional and effective manner...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047387/tu-b-206-00-do-the-right-thing
#9
Jeffrey Limmer
PURPOSE: To reacquaint the participant with foundational aspects of educational, healthcare and research ethics as they relate to the Medical Physicist day to day role. METHODS: Presenting recognized best practice guidelines and tenants applied to hypothetical scenarios and medical physics related occupations. RESULTS: The application of recognized standards of ethical behavior result in beneficial outcomes for all involved CONCLUSION: Ethics is multi-faceted in its manifestation application; most facets are applicable to any avenue a medical physicist may pursue in their career...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046722/tu-b-206-01-navigating-the-black-white-and-gray
#10
J Limmer
PURPOSE: To reacquaint the participant with foundational aspects of educational, healthcare and research ethics as they relate to the Medical Physicist day to day role. METHODS: Presenting recognized best practice guidelines and tenants applied to hypothetical scenarios and medical physics related occupations. RESULTS: The application of recognized standards of ethical behavior result in beneficial outcomes for all involved CONCLUSION: Ethics is multi-faceted in its manifestation application; most facets are applicable to any avenue a medical physicist may pursue in their career...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044385/current-concepts-in-maternal-fetal-immunology-recognition-and-response-to-microbial-pathogens-by-decidual-stromal-cells
#11
REVIEW
Anjali P Anders, Jennifer A Gaddy, Ryan S Doster, David M Aronoff
Chorioamnionitis is an acute inflammation of the gestational (extraplacental) membranes, most commonly caused by ascending microbial infection. It is associated with adverse neonatal outcomes including preterm birth, neonatal sepsis, and cerebral palsy. The decidua is the outermost layer of the gestational membranes and is likely an important initial site of contact with microbes during ascending infection. However, little is known about how decidual stromal cells (DSCs) respond to microbial threat. Defining the contributions of individual cell types to the complex medley of inflammatory signals during chorioamnionitis could lead to improved interventions aimed at halting this disease...
March 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025814/phenomenology-structure-and-dynamic-of-psychedelic-states
#12
Katrin H Preller, Franz X Vollenweider
Classic serotonergic hallucinogens or psychedelics produce an Altered States of Consciousness (ASC) that is characterized by profound alterations in sensory perception, mood, thought including the perception of reality, and the sense of self. Over the past years, there has been considerable progress in the search for invariant and common features of psychedelic states. In the first part of this review, we outline contemporary approaches to characterize the structure of ASCs by means of three primary etiology-independent dimensions including Oceanic Boundlessness, Anxious Ego Dissolution, and Visionary Restructuralization as well as by 11 lower order factors, all of which can be reliably measured by the Altered State of Consciousness questionnaire (APZ-OAV)...
December 27, 2016: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024884/consumers-perceptions-of-food-risks-a-snapshot-of-the-italian-triveneto-area
#13
Barbara Tiozzo, Silvia Mari, Mirko Ruzza, Stefania Crovato, Licia Ravarotto
This study investigated the food risk perceptions of people living in the Triveneto area (Northeast Italy), a territory characterized by a particular interest in the production of quality foodstuffs, to determine what aspects people associate with food risk and to understand what beliefs underlie these perceptions. Four focus groups were conducted in the major towns of the target area (N = 45). A semi-structured interview was used that focused on beliefs about food risks, the use of information and media sources in relation to food risk, and the behaviours adopted when eating outside the home...
December 23, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974134/setting-the-stage-for-health-salutogenesis-in-midwifery-professional-knowledge-in-three-european-countries
#14
Claudia Meier Magistretti, Soo Downe, Bengt Lindstrøm, Marie Berg, Katharina Tritten Schwarz
There is a lack of systematic evidence concerning health orientation in maternity practice in the current climate of risk avoidance. The midwifery professional project is orientated toward the preservation of normal physiological processes during the maternity episode. This study investigates accounts of midwives who were working in health-orientated birth settings, to examine if and how they frame a health orientation in professional practice. Twenty-seven narrative interviews were conducted with midwives working in pre-, peri-, and postnatal care in different maternity care settings in Switzerland, Austria, and Germany...
2016: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940288/binarized-cross-approximate-entropy-in-crowdsensing-environment
#15
Tamara Skoric, Omer Mohamoud, Branislav Milovanovic, Nina Japundzic-Zigon, Dragana Bajic
OBJECTIVES: Personalised monitoring in health applications has been recognised as part of the mobile crowdsensing concept, where subjects equipped with sensors extract information and share them for personal or common benefit. Limited transmission resources impose the use of local analyses methodology, but this approach is incompatible with analytical tools that require stationary and artefact-free data. This paper proposes a computationally efficient binarised cross-approximate entropy, referred to as (X)BinEn, for unsupervised cardiovascular signal processing in environments where energy and processor resources are limited...
December 1, 2016: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909918/review-in-vivo-optical-spectral-tissue-sensing-how-to-go-from-research-to-routine-clinical-application
#16
Lisanne L de Boer, Jarich W Spliethoff, Henricus J C M Sterenborg, Theo J M Ruers
Innovations in optical spectroscopy have helped the technology reach a point where performance previously seen only in laboratory settings can be translated and tested in real-world applications. In the field of oncology, spectral tissue sensing (STS) by means of optical spectroscopy is considered to have major potential for improving diagnostics and optimizing treatment outcome. The concept has been investigated for more than two decades and yet spectral tissue sensing is not commonly employed in routine medical practice...
December 2, 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899726/a-taxonomic-analysis-of-abstraction
#17
Stephen K Reed
An important characteristic of knowledge is that it exists at multiple levels of abstraction. This article illustrates how different levels of abstraction influence perception, comprehension, categorization, memory, and thought. Theories exist for how abstraction influences each of these cognitive processes, but there are few unifying principles for discussing these theories within a common conceptual framework. My proposed taxonomy examines three senses of abstraction: (a) an abstract entity is a concept that has no material referent, (b) abstraction focuses on only some attributes of multicomponent stimuli, and (c) an abstract idea applies to many particular instances of a category...
November 2016: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895645/inflamm-aging-of-hematopoiesis-hematopoietic-stem-cells-and-the-bone-marrow-microenvironment
#18
REVIEW
Larisa V Kovtonyuk, Kristin Fritsch, Xiaomin Feng, Markus G Manz, Hitoshi Takizawa
All hematopoietic and immune cells are continuously generated by hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) through highly organized process of stepwise lineage commitment. In the steady state, HSCs are mostly quiescent, while HPCs are actively proliferating and contributing to daily hematopoiesis. In response to hematopoietic challenges, e.g., life-threatening blood loss, infection, and inflammation, HSCs can be activated to proliferate and engage in blood formation. The HSC activation induced by hematopoietic demand is mediated by direct or indirect sensing mechanisms involving pattern recognition receptors or cytokine/chemokine receptors...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888259/the-disengaged-in-science-communication-how-not-to-count-audiences-and-publics
#19
Maureen Burns, Fabien Medvecky
In this article, we suggest that three concepts from cultural and media studies might be useful for analysing the ways audiences are constructed in science communication: that media are immanent to society, media are multiple and various, and audiences are active. This article uses those concepts, along with insights from Science and Technology Studies (STS), to examine the category of 'the disengaged' within science communication. This article deals with the contrast between 'common sense' and scholarly ideas of media and audiences in the field of cultural and media studies...
November 25, 2016: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885543/realism-and-impartiality-making-sustainability-effective-in-decision-making
#20
Miquel Bastons, Jaume Armengou
There is both individual and collective widespread concern in society about the impact of human activity and the effects of our decisions on the physical and social environment. This concern is included within the idea of sustainability. The meaning of the concept is still ambiguous and its practical effectiveness disputed. Like many other authors, this article uses as a starting point the definition proposed by the World Commission on Environment and Development (Our common future, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1987), considering it to be a proposal for changing the assessment of the effects of decisions, from at least two perspectives: (1) what effects we should consider and (2) how we should assess them...
November 24, 2016: Science and Engineering Ethics
keyword
keyword
84875
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"