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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899801/mama-mach-and-papa-mach-parental-machiavellianism-in-relation-to-dyadic-coparenting-and-adolescents-perception-of-parental-behaviour
#1
András Láng
Parental personality is a main contributor to parenting outcomes. However, research on parental personality and parenting or coparenting behaviour is scarce. These few studies showed that disagreeableness and neuroticism are consequently related to negative parenting outcomes. Machiavellianism is an antagonistic and socially aversive personality trait. Machiavellianism has been linked to unfavourable outcomes in several different types of relationships (e.g., romantic relationships, workplace relationships)...
March 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745698/borderline-personality-disorder-symptoms-and-affective-responding-to-perceptions-of-rejection-and-acceptance-from-romantic-versus-nonromantic-partners
#2
Sophie A Lazarus, Lori N Scott, Joseph E Beeney, Aidan G C Wright, Stephanie D Stepp, Paul A Pilkonis
We examined event-contingent recording of daily interpersonal interactions in a diagnostically diverse sample of 101 psychiatric outpatients who were involved in a romantic relationship. We tested whether the unique effect of borderline personality disorder (BPD) symptoms on affective responses (i.e., hostility, sadness, guilt, fear, and positive affect) to perceptions of rejection or acceptance differed with one's romantic partner compared with nonromantic partners. BPD symptoms were associated with more frequent perceptions of rejection and less frequent perceptions of acceptance across the study...
May 2018: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745685/development-and-initial-validation-of-a-measure-of-attachment-security-in-late-adulthood
#3
Frederick G Lopez, Katherine Ramos, Mijin Kim
Attachment theory-guided studies of older adults have generally relied on self-report measures that were validated on young adult samples and that focus on fears of rejection by romantic partners and on experiences of chronic discomfort with romantic intimacy as the key indicators of adult attachment security. These assessment characteristics raise important questions as to whether these measures are appropriate for use with older adults. Unlike their younger adult counterparts, older adults may face distinctive life stage-related threats to their attachment security such as declining health and autonomy, spousal loss, and increased dependence on younger family members for instrumental and emotional support...
May 10, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673305/borderline-personality-features-anger-and-intimate-partner-violence-an-experimental-manipulation-of-rejection
#4
Nicholas A Armenti, Julia C Babcock
Individuals with borderline personality features may be susceptible to react to situational stressors with negative and interpersonally maladaptive emotionality (e.g., anger) and aggression. The current study attempted to test two moderated mediation models to investigate dispositional risk factors associated with borderline personality features and intimate partner violence (IPV). Results from an experimental rejection induction paradigm were examined using moderated regression to observe contextual reactions to imagined romantic rejection from a current romantic partner among individuals with borderline personality features...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547816/abnormal-emotional-and-neural-responses-to-romantic-rejection-and-acceptance-in-depressed-women
#5
Ashley A Yttredahl, Erin McRobert, Benjamin Sheler, Brian J Mickey, Tiffany M Love, Scott A Langenecker, Jon-Kar Zubieta, David T Hsu
INTRODUCTION: Responding adaptively to one's social environment is a key factor predicting the course of major depressive disorder (MDD). Socially rejecting events can exacerbate, whereas socially accepting events can ameliorate depressive symptoms. The neural responses to rejection and acceptance in MDD are relatively unexplored. METHODS: We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to measure neural responses to romantic rejection and acceptance in women diagnosed with current MDD (n = 19) and a matched group of healthy controls (HCs) (n = 19)...
July 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334658/contextual-determinants-of-psychopathology-the-singularity-of-attachment-as-a-predictor-of-mental-dysfunction
#6
Yolanda Alonso, Javier Fernández, Yolanda Fontanil, Esteban Ezama, Alberto Gimeno
The general aim of this research is to evaluate the singular weight of attachment relationships in psychopathology, to determine the point to which these relationships cannot be subsumed by other variables that are famously related to attachment, such as experience of stressful life events, social support, and coping styles. 172 people treated in mental health centers provided data related to these four aspects and about manifestations of psychopathology. Multiple linear regression analyses determined that 51% of the variance in the level of symptomatology is explained with six variables: two related to adult attachment (fear of rejection and abandonment in romantic relationships, and the degree of similarity to the fearful prototype), one related to social support (family appreciation), one to life events (overall perceived stress), and two to coping style (cognitive restructuring and social withdrawal)...
March 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287220/changes-in-rejection-sensitivity-across-adolescence-and-emerging-adulthood-associations-with-relationship-involvement-quality-and-coping
#7
Jerika C Norona, Valerya Tregubenko, Shira Bezalel Boiangiu, Gil Levy, Miri Scharf, Deborah P Welsh, Shmuel Shulman
Using a sample of 110 Israeli youth (72% female), the present study investigates associations between initial levels of rejection sensitivity as well as changes in rejection sensitivity from age 16 to age 23 and relationship involvement, quality, and (growth following) coping with relationship stress. Results showed that rejection sensitivity generally decreased over time into the transition to adulthood. Furthermore, levels of rejection sensitivity at age 16 predicted whether young people were romantically involved by age 23, as well as the quality of their relationships...
February 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237298/passion-relational-mobility-and-proof-of-commitment-a-comparative-socio-ecological-analysis-of-an-adaptive-emotion-in-a-sexual-market
#8
Junko Yamada, Mie Kito, Masaki Yuki
Although monogamy, the exclusive bonding with a specific partner, is one characteristic of modern human mating, long-term romantic relationships inherently possess the commitment problem, which is the conflict between maintaining a relationship with a certain partner and seeking attractive alternatives. Frank has argued that love and passion help solve this problem because they make individuals commit voluntarily to the relationship, leading the other party to also be committed with less concern over being cheated on or rejected...
October 2017: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102221/-gender-meanings-of-the-risk-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-hiv-transmission-among-young-people
#9
Sílvia Saura, Víctor Jorquera, Dolors Rodríguez, Carina Mascort, Immaculada Castellà, Jordi García
AIM: To identify the links between social representations used by young people to construct their gender identity, sexuality, and the risk management for sexually transmitted infections. SETTING: Different settings of Primary Health Care in Girona. PARTICIPANTS: Young people aged between 16 and 21 years (32 participants) living in Girona. METHOD: A qualitative study with a social constructionist perspective. A theoretical sampling was carried out and the triangular group and individual interview techniques were used for data collection...
October 25, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051086/depression-subtyping-based-on-evolutionary-psychiatry-proximate-mechanisms-and-ultimate-functions
#10
REVIEW
Markus J Rantala, Severi Luoto, Indrikis Krams, Hasse Karlsson
Major depressive disorder constitutes one of the leading causes of disability worldwide. However, it is not a unitary disease-it is a heterogeneous syndrome, with patients differing remarkably in symptom profile, pathophysiology and treatment responsiveness. Previous attempts to subtype major depressive disorder have showed limited clinical applicability. We present a classification of major depressive disorder episodes based on the proximate mechanisms that led to the original mood change that caused the depressive episode...
March 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888697/response-to-unfairness-across-the-suicide-risk-spectrum
#11
Jessica M Carbajal, Jorge L Gamboa, Jordan Moore, Favrin Smith, Lou Ann Eads, Jeffrey L Clothier, Ricardo Cáceda
Suicidal behavior is frequently triggered by social crises, such as familial, romantic, social or work-related conflict. A variety of cognitive and social functioning impairments has been associated with suicidal thoughts and acts. One of the precipitating and perpetuating factors of social conflict is the desire for retribution after a perceived offense, even at one's own detriment. We utilized the Ultimatum Game-a behavioral economic task which examines the behavioral response to perceived unfairness-in order to characterize the response to unfairness across the acute suicide risk spectrum...
December 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771741/heightened-male-aggression-toward-sexualized-women-following-romantic-rejection-the-mediating-role-of-sex-goal-activation
#12
Khandis R Blake, Brock Bastian, Thomas F Denson
Research from a variety of disciplines suggests a positive relationship between Western cultural sexualization and women's likelihood of suffering harm. In the current experiment, 157 young men were romantically rejected by a sexualized or non-sexualized woman then given the opportunity to blast the woman with loud bursts of white noise. We tested whether the activation of sexual goals in men would mediate the relationship between sexualization and aggressive behavior after romantic rejection. We also tested whether behaving aggressively toward a woman after romantic rejection would increase men's feelings of sexual dominance...
August 3, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620292/dynamic-responses-in-brain-networks-to-social-feedback-a-dual-eeg-acquisition-study-in-adolescent-couples
#13
Ching-Chang Kuo, Thao Ha, Ashley M Ebbert, Don M Tucker, Thomas J Dishion
Adolescence is a sensitive period for the development of romantic relationships. During this period the maturation of frontolimbic networks is particularly important for the capacity to regulate emotional experiences. In previous research, both functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and dense array electroencephalography (dEEG) measures have suggested that responses in limbic regions are enhanced in adolescents experiencing social rejection. In the present research, we examined social acceptance and rejection from romantic partners as they engaged in a Chatroom Interact Task...
2017: Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264983/frontal-brainstem-pathways-mediating-placebo-effects-on-social-rejection
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Leonie Koban, Ethan Kross, Choong-Wan Woo, Luka Ruzic, Tor D Wager
Placebo treatments can strongly affect clinical outcomes, but research on how they shape other life experiences and emotional well-being is in its infancy. We used fMRI in humans to examine placebo effects on a particularly impactful life experience, social pain elicited by a recent romantic rejection. We compared these effects with placebo effects on physical (heat) pain, which are thought to depend on pathways connecting prefrontal cortex and periaqueductal gray (PAG). Placebo treatment, compared with control, reduced both social and physical pain, and increased activity in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) in both modalities...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004614/disrupting-intergenerational-continuity-in-harsh-parenting-self-control-and-a-supportive-partner
#15
Thomas J Schofield, Rand D Conger, Kathi J Conger
Harsh, abusive, and rejecting behavior by parents toward their children is associated with increased risk for many developmental problems for youth. Children raised by harsh parents are also more likely to treat their own children harshly. The present study addresses conditions that would break this intergenerational cycle of harsh parenting. Data come from a three-generation study of a cohort of 290 adolescents (Generation 2 [G2], 52% female) grown to adulthood and their parents (Generation 1 [G1]). During adolescence, observers rated G1 harsh parenting to G2...
October 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853426/a-reaction-time-experiment-on-adult-attachment-the-development-of-a-measure-for-neurophysiological-settings
#16
Theresia Wichmann, Anna Buchheim, Hans Menning, Ingmar Schenk, Carol George, Dan Pokorny
In the last few decades, there has been an increase of experimental research on automatic unconscious processes concerning the evaluation of the self and others. Previous research investigated implicit aspects of romantic attachment using self-report measures as explicit instruments for assessing attachment style. There is a lack of experimental procedures feasible for neurobiological settings. We developed a reaction time (RT) experiment using a narrative attachment measure with an implicit nature and were interested to capture automatic processes, when the individuals' attachment system is activated...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802773/costs-and-benefits-of-secrecy-the-dilemma-experienced-by-adolescents-seropositive-for-hiv
#17
Eliana Galano, Egberto Ribeiro Turato, Regina Célia Succi, Heloisa Helena de Souza Marques, Marinella Della Negra, Mariliza Henrique da Silva, Fabiana Bononi do Carmo, Aida de Fátima Barbosa Gouvea, Philippe Delmas, José Côté, Daisy Maria Machado
This study explored the experiences of the first generation of adolescents who acquired HIV through vertical transmission when disclosing their diagnosis to friends and romantic partners. The study sample was selected by convenience, with 20 patients (13-20 years old) participating in a qualitative investigation using individual interviews (language: Portuguese; duration: 45 minutes). The participants were followed in specialized clinics for the treatment of pediatric AIDS in São Paulo, Brazil. The results suggest that families who live with HIV tend to keep it a secret, and such behavior is learned and accepted unquestioningly as natural...
March 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768513/memories-of-parent-behaviors-and-adult-attachment-in-childhood-cancer-survivors
#18
Vicky Lehmann, Mariët Hagedoorn, Cynthia A Gerhardt, Madelaine C Keim, Lory Guthrie, Robbert Sanderman, Marrit A Tuinman
PURPOSE: Childhood cancer is stressful for the entire family. Preoccupation and anxiety surrounding the child's illness may result in parents of children with cancer being overprotective or less emotionally responsive toward their children. Such parenting in response to a negative life event like childhood cancer may cause survivors to be more insecurely attached than healthy peers, which could have downstream effects on survivors' romantic relationships later in life. Therefore, we examined survivors' perspectives on parent behaviors, adult attachment, and marital status among adult survivors of childhood cancer relative to controls...
March 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595052/revisiting-depression-contagion-as-a-mediator-of-the-relation-between-depression-and-rejection-a-speed-dating-study
#19
Madeline L Pe, Ian H Gotlib, Wim Van den Noortgate, Peter Kuppens
Interpersonal theories of depression postulate that depressed individuals' experience of social isolation is attributable, in part, to their tendency to behave in ways that elicit rejection from others. Depression contagion has been implicated as a factor that may account for the rejection of depressed individuals. The current study revisits this hypothesis using a controlled, but realistically motivated setting: speed-dating. Approximately two weeks before the speed-dating event, participants' depression levels were assessed...
July 2016: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378140/testing-a-revised-interpersonal-theory-of-depression-using-a-laboratory-measure-of-excessive-reassurance-seeking
#20
Jeremy G Stewart, Kate L Harkness
OBJECTIVE: This study tested whether core beliefs with themes of abandonment and rejection moderated the link between trait and behavioral excessive reassurance seeking (ERS) and interpersonal rejection. METHOD: Participants were 118 women with high (n = 43; mean [M]age = 18.58, standard deviation [SD]age = 1.24) and low (n = 75; Mage = 18.58, SDage = 1.24) levels of depression symptoms and their male romantic partners. Couples reported their depression, ERS, abandonment/rejection cognitions, and relationship quality...
July 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
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