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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888697/response-to-unfairness-across-the-suicide-risk-spectrum
#1
Jessica M Carbajal, Jorge L Gamboa, Jordan Moore, Favrin Smith, Lou Ann Eads, Jeffrey L Clothier, Ricardo Cáceda
Suicidal behavior is frequently triggered by social crises, such as familial, romantic, social or work-related conflict. A variety of cognitive and social functioning impairments has been associated with suicidal thoughts and acts. One of the precipitating and perpetuating factors of social conflict is the desire for retribution after a perceived offense, even at one's own detriment. We utilized the Ultimatum Game-a behavioral economic task which examines the behavioral response to perceived unfairness-in order to characterize the response to unfairness across the acute suicide risk spectrum...
August 26, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771741/heightened-male-aggression-toward-sexualized-women-following-romantic-rejection-the-mediating-role-of-sex-goal-activation
#2
Khandis R Blake, Brock Bastian, Thomas F Denson
Research from a variety of disciplines suggests a positive relationship between Western cultural sexualization and women's likelihood of suffering harm. In the current experiment, 157 young men were romantically rejected by a sexualized or non-sexualized woman then given the opportunity to blast the woman with loud bursts of white noise. We tested whether the activation of sexual goals in men would mediate the relationship between sexualization and aggressive behavior after romantic rejection. We also tested whether behaving aggressively toward a woman after romantic rejection would increase men's feelings of sexual dominance...
August 3, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620292/dynamic-responses-in-brain-networks-to-social-feedback-a-dual-eeg-acquisition-study-in-adolescent-couples
#3
Ching-Chang Kuo, Thao Ha, Ashley M Ebbert, Don M Tucker, Thomas J Dishion
Adolescence is a sensitive period for the development of romantic relationships. During this period the maturation of frontolimbic networks is particularly important for the capacity to regulate emotional experiences. In previous research, both functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and dense array electroencephalography (dEEG) measures have suggested that responses in limbic regions are enhanced in adolescents experiencing social rejection. In the present research, we examined social acceptance and rejection from romantic partners as they engaged in a Chatroom Interact Task...
2017: Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264983/frontal-brainstem-pathways-mediating-placebo-effects-on-social-rejection
#4
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Leonie Koban, Ethan Kross, Choong-Wan Woo, Luka Ruzic, Tor D Wager
Placebo treatments can strongly affect clinical outcomes, but research on how they shape other life experiences and emotional well-being is in its infancy. We used fMRI in humans to examine placebo effects on a particularly impactful life experience, social pain elicited by a recent romantic rejection. We compared these effects with placebo effects on physical (heat) pain, which are thought to depend on pathways connecting prefrontal cortex and periaqueductal gray (PAG). Placebo treatment, compared with control, reduced both social and physical pain, and increased activity in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) in both modalities...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004614/disrupting-intergenerational-continuity-in-harsh-parenting-self-control-and-a-supportive-partner
#5
Thomas J Schofield, Rand D Conger, Kathi J Conger
Harsh, abusive, and rejecting behavior by parents toward their children is associated with increased risk for many developmental problems for youth. Children raised by harsh parents are also more likely to treat their own children harshly. The present study addresses conditions that would break this intergenerational cycle of harsh parenting. Data come from a three-generation study of a cohort of 290 adolescents (Generation 2 [G2], 52% female) grown to adulthood and their parents (Generation 1 [G1]). During adolescence, observers rated G1 harsh parenting to G2...
December 22, 2016: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853426/a-reaction-time-experiment-on-adult-attachment-the-development-of-a-measure-for-neurophysiological-settings
#6
Theresia Wichmann, Anna Buchheim, Hans Menning, Ingmar Schenk, Carol George, Dan Pokorny
In the last few decades, there has been an increase of experimental research on automatic unconscious processes concerning the evaluation of the self and others. Previous research investigated implicit aspects of romantic attachment using self-report measures as explicit instruments for assessing attachment style. There is a lack of experimental procedures feasible for neurobiological settings. We developed a reaction time (RT) experiment using a narrative attachment measure with an implicit nature and were interested to capture automatic processes, when the individuals' attachment system is activated...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802773/costs-and-benefits-of-secrecy-the-dilemma-experienced-by-adolescents-seropositive-for-hiv
#7
Eliana Galano, Egberto Ribeiro Turato, Regina Célia Succi, Heloisa Helena de Souza Marques, Marinella Della Negra, Mariliza Henrique da Silva, Fabiana Bononi do Carmo, Aida de Fátima Barbosa Gouvea, Philippe Delmas, José Côté, Daisy Maria Machado
This study explored the experiences of the first generation of adolescents who acquired HIV through vertical transmission when disclosing their diagnosis to friends and romantic partners. The study sample was selected by convenience, with 20 patients (13-20 years old) participating in a qualitative investigation using individual interviews (language: Portuguese; duration: 45 minutes). The participants were followed in specialized clinics for the treatment of pediatric AIDS in São Paulo, Brazil. The results suggest that families who live with HIV tend to keep it a secret, and such behavior is learned and accepted unquestioningly as natural...
March 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768513/memories-of-parent-behaviors-and-adult-attachment-in-childhood-cancer-survivors
#8
Vicky Lehmann, Mariët Hagedoorn, Cynthia A Gerhardt, Madelaine C Keim, Lory Guthrie, Robbert Sanderman, Marrit A Tuinman
PURPOSE: Childhood cancer is stressful for the entire family. Preoccupation and anxiety surrounding the child's illness may result in parents of children with cancer being overprotective or less emotionally responsive toward their children. Such parenting in response to a negative life event like childhood cancer may cause survivors to be more insecurely attached than healthy peers, which could have downstream effects on survivors' romantic relationships later in life. Therefore, we examined survivors' perspectives on parent behaviors, adult attachment, and marital status among adult survivors of childhood cancer relative to controls...
March 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595052/revisiting-depression-contagion-as-a-mediator-of-the-relation-between-depression-and-rejection-a-speed-dating-study
#9
Madeline L Pe, Ian H Gotlib, Wim Van den Noortgate, Peter Kuppens
Interpersonal theories of depression postulate that depressed individuals' experience of social isolation is attributable, in part, to their tendency to behave in ways that elicit rejection from others. Depression contagion has been implicated as a factor that may account for the rejection of depressed individuals. The current study revisits this hypothesis using a controlled, but realistically motivated setting: speed-dating. Approximately two weeks before the speed-dating event, participants' depression levels were assessed...
July 2016: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378140/testing-a-revised-interpersonal-theory-of-depression-using-a-laboratory-measure-of-excessive-reassurance-seeking
#10
Jeremy G Stewart, Kate L Harkness
OBJECTIVE: This study tested whether core beliefs with themes of abandonment and rejection moderated the link between trait and behavioral excessive reassurance seeking (ERS) and interpersonal rejection. METHOD: Participants were 118 women with high (n = 43; mean [M]age = 18.58, standard deviation [SD]age = 1.24) and low (n = 75; Mage = 18.58, SDage = 1.24) levels of depression symptoms and their male romantic partners. Couples reported their depression, ERS, abandonment/rejection cognitions, and relationship quality...
July 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27222355/sexuality-and-relationships-in-young-people-with-spina-bifida-and-their-partners
#11
Mariel Kupfert Heller, Sara Gambino, Paige Church, Sally Lindsay, Miriam Kaufman, Amy C McPherson
PURPOSE: Research focusing on sexuality in those living with disabilities, such as spina bifida (SB), has not specifically addressed adolescents and has been largely quantitative in design. Our study qualitatively explored how young people with SB think about and discuss sexuality with their sexual and romantic partners in the context of their disability. METHODS: Participants aged 16-25 years were recruited using purposive sampling from a large urban pediatric rehabilitation center in Toronto, Canada, as well as through a large Spina Bifida and Hydrocephalus Association...
August 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27176775/not-in-the-mood-men-under-not-over-perceive-their-partner-s-sexual-desire-in-established-intimate-relationships
#12
Amy Muise, Sarah C E Stanton, James J Kim, Emily A Impett
Men's sexual overperception bias-where men tend to perceive greater sexual interest in women's behavior than actually exists-is a well-documented finding in previous research. All of the existing research, however, has tested this effect in the context of initial encounters or for fictitious or unknown targets. No research currently exists on how people perceive their romantic partner's sexual desire in the context of ongoing, intimate relationships. In 3 dyadic studies, we provide evidence that men in established romantic relationships err in the direction of the opposite bias and underperceive their romantic partner's sexual desire...
May 2016: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27085111/perceived-impact-of-body-feedback-from-romantic-partners-on-young-adults-body-image-and-sexual-well-being
#13
Kaitlyn M Goldsmith, E Sandra Byers
This study investigated the messages individuals receive from their partners about their bodies and their perceived impact on body image and sexual well-being. Young adult men (n=35) and women (n=57) completed open-ended questions identifying messages they had received from partners and the impact of these messages on their body image and sexual well-being. Content coding revealed three verbal (expressions of approval and pride, challenging negative beliefs, expressions of sexual attraction/arousal/desire) and two nonverbal (physical affection, physical expressions of sexual attraction/arousal/desire) positive messages as well as one verbal (disapproval/disgust) and two nonverbal (rejection, humiliation) negative messages...
June 2016: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27029573/perceived-acceptance-from-outsiders-shapes-security-in-romantic-relationships-the-overgeneralization-of-extradyadic-experiences
#14
Edward P Lemay, Suad Razzak
Romantic relationships unfold in the context of people's other interpersonal relationships, and processes that occur in those other relationships have been shown to affect the functioning of romantic relationships. In accordance with this perspective, two dyadic daily report studies demonstrated that people generalize experiences of interpersonal acceptance and rejection from other people onto their romantic partners. Participants felt more confident that they were valued by their romantic partners on days they experienced acceptance, relative to rejection, from outsiders...
May 2016: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26808053/perfectionistic-concerns-social-negativity-and-subjective-well-being-a-test-of-the-social-disconnection-model
#15
Sean P Mackinnon, Ivy-Lee L Kehayes, Kenneth E Leonard, Ronald Fraser, Sherry H Stewart
OBJECTIVE: Partner-specific perfectionistic concerns (PC) include concern over mistakes, self-criticism, and socially-prescribed perfectionism as it pertains to one's partner. The social disconnection model proposes that PC influences well-being indirectly through interpersonal problems. Thus, we hypothesized that social negativity (expressed anger, hostility, and rejection) would mediate the relationship between dyadic PC and subjective well-being. METHOD: Data from 203 romantic dyads (92...
January 25, 2016: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26616125/sex-and-secrecy-how-hiv-status-disclosure-affects-safe-sex-among-hiv-positive-adolescents
#16
Elona Toska, Lucie D Cluver, Rebecca Hodes, Khameer K Kidia
HIV-positive adolescents who engage in unsafe sex are at heightened risk for transmitting or re-acquiring HIV. Disclosure of HIV-status to sexual partners may impact on condom use, but no study has explored the effects of (i) adolescent knowledge of one's HIV-status, (ii) knowledge of partner status and (iii) disclosure to partners, on safer sex behaviour. This study aimed to identify whether knowledge of HIV-status by HIV-positive adolescents and partners was associated with safer sex. Eight fifty eight HIV-positive adolescents (10-19 years old, 52% female, 68...
2015: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26510628/violent-fantasies-in-young-men-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-dangerous-or-miserable-misfits-duty-to-protect-whom
#17
Mark T Palermo, Stefan Bogaerts
Predictability of dangerousness in association with mental disorders remains elusive, outside of a few relatively well-established risk factors for the prognostication of violence, such as male sex, the presence of a psychotic disorder, and comorbid substance abuse. In clinical practice, inquiry into the presence of aggressive or violent ideation, in the form of ideas of homicide or suicide, is part of a standard mental status examination. Nonetheless, fantasy life, when it concerns harm toward others, may not be as reliable an indicator of imminent danger as it may be in the case of self-harm...
October 28, 2015: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26478646/implicit-versus-explicit-rejection-self-perceptions-and-adolescents-interpersonal-functioning
#18
Amori Yee Mikami, Megan M Schad, Bethany A Teachman, Joanna M Chango, Joseph P Allen
We investigated associations between implicit and explicit self-perceptions of rejection with interpersonal functioning in close relationships. Adolescents (N=124) reported their explicit rejection self-perceptions on a questionnaire and completed the Implicit Association Test to assess their implicit rejection self-perceptions. After controlling for implicit self-perceptions, adolescents' explicit rejection self-perceptions were associated with the adolescents self-reporting more negative relationship quality with close friends and self-reporting more negative behaviors with romantic partners...
November 1, 2015: Personality and Individual Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26467933/mediators-of-the-association-between-childhood-emotional-maltreatment-and-young-adult-men-s-life-satisfaction
#19
Jennifer Pierce, Antonia Abbey, Rhiana Wegner
Childhood emotional maltreatment has been linked to a wide range of deleterious physical and psychological adult health outcomes. The present study extends past research by examining the effects of childhood emotional maltreatment on young adult men's life satisfaction through its effects on hostility and perceptions of social relationships. Participants were 423 single men who completed two interviews 1 year apart. As hypothesized, the association between self-reported childhood emotional maltreatment and adult life satisfaction was mediated through general hostility, rejection sensitivity in romantic relationships, and perceptions of male friends' social support...
October 14, 2015: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26453829/the-lived-experience-of-mrkh-sharing-health-information-with-peers
#20
Michelle E Ernst, David E Sandberg, Catherine Keegan, Elisabeth H Quint, Amy C Lossie, Beverly M Yashar
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine the process and emotional effect of disclosing a personal diagnosis of Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome (MRKH) to peers during adolescence and young adulthood. DESIGN AND SETTING: Qualitative study using semistructured telephone interviews. PARTICIPANTS: Nine women diagnosed with MRKH, aged 21-31 years, recruited via patient support groups. INTERVENTIONS AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Motivators and barriers to self-disclosure of a diagnosis of MRKH to peers and partners...
April 2016: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
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