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Romantic rejection

Thomas J Schofield, Rand D Conger, Kathi J Conger
Harsh, abusive, and rejecting behavior by parents toward their children is associated with increased risk for many developmental problems for youth. Children raised by harsh parents are also more likely to treat their own children harshly. The present study addresses conditions that would break this intergenerational cycle of harsh parenting. Data come from a three-generation study of a cohort of 290 adolescents (Generation 2 [G2], 52% female) grown to adulthood and their parents (Generation 1 [G1]). During adolescence, observers rated G1 harsh parenting to G2...
December 22, 2016: Development and Psychopathology
Theresia Wichmann, Anna Buchheim, Hans Menning, Ingmar Schenk, Carol George, Dan Pokorny
In the last few decades, there has been an increase of experimental research on automatic unconscious processes concerning the evaluation of the self and others. Previous research investigated implicit aspects of romantic attachment using self-report measures as explicit instruments for assessing attachment style. There is a lack of experimental procedures feasible for neurobiological settings. We developed a reaction time (RT) experiment using a narrative attachment measure with an implicit nature and were interested to capture automatic processes, when the individuals' attachment system is activated...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Eliana Galano, Egberto Ribeiro Turato, Regina Célia Succi, Heloisa Helena de Souza Marques, Marinella Della Negra, Mariliza Henrique da Silva, Fabiana Bononi do Carmo, Aida de Fátima Barbosa Gouvea, Philippe Delmas, José Côté, Daisy Maria Machado
This study explored the experiences of the first generation of adolescents who acquired HIV through vertical transmission when disclosing their diagnosis to friends and romantic partners. The study sample was selected by convenience, with 20 patients (13-20 years old) participating in a qualitative investigation using individual interviews (language: Portuguese; duration: 45 minutes). The participants were followed in specialized clinics for the treatment of pediatric AIDS in São Paulo, Brazil. The results suggest that families who live with HIV tend to keep it a secret, and such behavior is learned and accepted unquestioningly as natural...
November 1, 2016: AIDS Care
Vicky Lehmann, Mariët Hagedoorn, Cynthia A Gerhardt, Madelaine C Keim, Lory Guthrie, Robbert Sanderman, Marrit A Tuinman
PURPOSE: Childhood cancer is stressful for the entire family. Preoccupation and anxiety surrounding the child's illness may result in parents of children with cancer being overprotective or less emotionally responsive toward their children. Such parenting in response to a negative life event like childhood cancer may cause survivors to be more insecurely attached than healthy peers, which could have downstream effects on survivors' romantic relationships later in life. Therefore, we examined survivors' perspectives on parent behaviors, adult attachment, and marital status among adult survivors of childhood cancer relative to controls...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Madeline L Pe, Ian H Gotlib, Wim Van den Noortgate, Peter Kuppens
Interpersonal theories of depression postulate that depressed individuals' experience of social isolation is attributable, in part, to their tendency to behave in ways that elicit rejection from others. Depression contagion has been implicated as a factor that may account for the rejection of depressed individuals. The current study revisits this hypothesis using a controlled, but realistically motivated setting: speed-dating. Approximately two weeks before the speed-dating event, participants' depression levels were assessed...
July 2016: Clinical Psychological Science
Jeremy G Stewart, Kate L Harkness
OBJECTIVE: This study tested whether core beliefs with themes of abandonment and rejection moderated the link between trait and behavioral excessive reassurance seeking (ERS) and interpersonal rejection. METHOD: Participants were 118 women with high (n = 43; mean [M]age = 18.58, standard deviation [SD]age = 1.24) and low (n = 75; Mage = 18.58, SDage = 1.24) levels of depression symptoms and their male romantic partners. Couples reported their depression, ERS, abandonment/rejection cognitions, and relationship quality...
July 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Mariel Kupfert Heller, Sara Gambino, Paige Church, Sally Lindsay, Miriam Kaufman, Amy C McPherson
PURPOSE: Research focusing on sexuality in those living with disabilities, such as spina bifida (SB), has not specifically addressed adolescents and has been largely quantitative in design. Our study qualitatively explored how young people with SB think about and discuss sexuality with their sexual and romantic partners in the context of their disability. METHODS: Participants aged 16-25 years were recruited using purposive sampling from a large urban pediatric rehabilitation center in Toronto, Canada, as well as through a large Spina Bifida and Hydrocephalus Association...
August 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Amy Muise, Sarah C E Stanton, James J Kim, Emily A Impett
Men's sexual overperception bias-where men tend to perceive greater sexual interest in women's behavior than actually exists-is a well-documented finding in previous research. All of the existing research, however, has tested this effect in the context of initial encounters or for fictitious or unknown targets. No research currently exists on how people perceive their romantic partner's sexual desire in the context of ongoing, intimate relationships. In 3 dyadic studies, we provide evidence that men in established romantic relationships err in the direction of the opposite bias and underperceive their romantic partner's sexual desire...
May 2016: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Kaitlyn M Goldsmith, E Sandra Byers
This study investigated the messages individuals receive from their partners about their bodies and their perceived impact on body image and sexual well-being. Young adult men (n=35) and women (n=57) completed open-ended questions identifying messages they had received from partners and the impact of these messages on their body image and sexual well-being. Content coding revealed three verbal (expressions of approval and pride, challenging negative beliefs, expressions of sexual attraction/arousal/desire) and two nonverbal (physical affection, physical expressions of sexual attraction/arousal/desire) positive messages as well as one verbal (disapproval/disgust) and two nonverbal (rejection, humiliation) negative messages...
June 2016: Body Image
Edward P Lemay, Suad Razzak
Romantic relationships unfold in the context of people's other interpersonal relationships, and processes that occur in those other relationships have been shown to affect the functioning of romantic relationships. In accordance with this perspective, two dyadic daily report studies demonstrated that people generalize experiences of interpersonal acceptance and rejection from other people onto their romantic partners. Participants felt more confident that they were valued by their romantic partners on days they experienced acceptance, relative to rejection, from outsiders...
May 2016: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
Sean P Mackinnon, Ivy-Lee L Kehayes, Kenneth E Leonard, Ronald Fraser, Sherry H Stewart
OBJECTIVE: Partner-specific perfectionistic concerns (PC) include concern over mistakes, self-criticism, and socially-prescribed perfectionism as it pertains to one's partner. The social disconnection model proposes that PC influences well-being indirectly through interpersonal problems. Thus, we hypothesized that social negativity (expressed anger, hostility, and rejection) would mediate the relationship between dyadic PC and subjective well-being. METHOD: Data from 203 romantic dyads (92...
January 25, 2016: Journal of Personality
Elona Toska, Lucie D Cluver, Rebecca Hodes, Khameer K Kidia
HIV-positive adolescents who engage in unsafe sex are at heightened risk for transmitting or re-acquiring HIV. Disclosure of HIV-status to sexual partners may impact on condom use, but no study has explored the effects of (i) adolescent knowledge of one's HIV-status, (ii) knowledge of partner status and (iii) disclosure to partners, on safer sex behaviour. This study aimed to identify whether knowledge of HIV-status by HIV-positive adolescents and partners was associated with safer sex. Eight fifty eight HIV-positive adolescents (10-19 years old, 52% female, 68...
2015: AIDS Care
Mark T Palermo, Stefan Bogaerts
Predictability of dangerousness in association with mental disorders remains elusive, outside of a few relatively well-established risk factors for the prognostication of violence, such as male sex, the presence of a psychotic disorder, and comorbid substance abuse. In clinical practice, inquiry into the presence of aggressive or violent ideation, in the form of ideas of homicide or suicide, is part of a standard mental status examination. Nonetheless, fantasy life, when it concerns harm toward others, may not be as reliable an indicator of imminent danger as it may be in the case of self-harm...
October 28, 2015: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Amori Yee Mikami, Megan M Schad, Bethany A Teachman, Joanna M Chango, Joseph P Allen
We investigated associations between implicit and explicit self-perceptions of rejection with interpersonal functioning in close relationships. Adolescents (N=124) reported their explicit rejection self-perceptions on a questionnaire and completed the Implicit Association Test to assess their implicit rejection self-perceptions. After controlling for implicit self-perceptions, adolescents' explicit rejection self-perceptions were associated with the adolescents self-reporting more negative relationship quality with close friends and self-reporting more negative behaviors with romantic partners...
November 1, 2015: Personality and Individual Differences
Jennifer Pierce, Antonia Abbey, Rhiana Wegner
Childhood emotional maltreatment has been linked to a wide range of deleterious physical and psychological adult health outcomes. The present study extends past research by examining the effects of childhood emotional maltreatment on young adult men's life satisfaction through its effects on hostility and perceptions of social relationships. Participants were 423 single men who completed two interviews 1 year apart. As hypothesized, the association between self-reported childhood emotional maltreatment and adult life satisfaction was mediated through general hostility, rejection sensitivity in romantic relationships, and perceptions of male friends' social support...
October 14, 2015: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Michelle E Ernst, David E Sandberg, Catherine Keegan, Elisabeth H Quint, Amy C Lossie, Beverly M Yashar
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine the process and emotional effect of disclosing a personal diagnosis of Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome (MRKH) to peers during adolescence and young adulthood. DESIGN AND SETTING: Qualitative study using semistructured telephone interviews. PARTICIPANTS: Nine women diagnosed with MRKH, aged 21-31 years, recruited via patient support groups. INTERVENTIONS AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Motivators and barriers to self-disclosure of a diagnosis of MRKH to peers and partners...
April 2016: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Thao Ha, Douglas A Granger, Danielle M Shore, Ellen Wanheung Yeung, Thomas J Dishion
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Thao Ha, Ellen Wanheung Yeung, Douglas A Granger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Matheus Melo Pithon, Camila Rangel Dos Santos, Nathalia de Lima Santos, Stefanni Olga Aguiar Sales Lima, Raildo da Silva Coqueiro, Rogério Lacerda Dos Santos
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the extent to which different types of malocclusion influence the development of affective/romantic relationships among young adults of both sexes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 360 men and women ranging in age from 18 years to 25 years. Criteria for exclusion from the sample were the following: participants could not be married, visually impaired, or students of a higher education course in the area of health...
July 2016: Angle Orthodontist
Kristina L McDonald, Steven R Asher
Residential college environments provide young people with distinctive relationship opportunities and challenges. A major purpose of the present study was to learn whether college students respond differently to conflict-of-interest vignettes in three different relationship contexts. Students were more likely to make negative interpretations about their romantic partner's behavior than they did about their friend's or roommate's behavior. They were also more likely to feel angry and hurt and to endorse hostile goals and strategies with romantic partners...
August 2013: Social Development
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