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Federica Vanoni, Silvia Federici, Jordi Antón, Karyl S Barron, Paul Brogan, Fabrizio De Benedetti, Fatma Dedeoglu, Erkan Demirkaya, Veronique Hentgen, Tilmann Kallinich, Ronald Laxer, Ricardo Russo, Natasa Toplak, Yosef Uziel, Alberto Martini, Nicolino Ruperto, Marco Gattorno, Michael Hofer
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of Periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and cervical adenitis (PFAPA) is currently based on a set of criteria proposed in 1999 modified from Marshall's criteria. Nevertheless no validated evidence based set of classification criteria for PFAPA has been established so far. The aim of this study was to identify candidate classification criteria PFAPA syndrome using international consensus formation through a Delphi questionnaire survey. METHODS: A first open-ended questionnaire was sent to adult and pediatric clinicians/researchers, asking to identify the variables thought most likely to be helpful and relevant for the diagnosis of PFAPA...
April 18, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
Silvia De Pauli, Sara Lega, Serena Pastore, Domenico Leonardo Grasso, Anna Monica Rosaria Bianco, Giovanni Maria Severini, Alberto Tommasini, Andrea Taddio
AIM: To describe the frequency and clinical characteristics of patients with undifferentiated periodic fever (UPF) and to investigate whether a clinical classification of UPF based on the PRINTO-Eurofever score can help predicting the response to treatment and the outcome at follow-up. METHODS: Clinical and therapeutic information of patients with recurrent fever who presented at a single pediatric rheumatology center from January 2006 through April 2016 were retrospectively collected...
February 8, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
Alfonso Reginelli, Marilina D'Amora, Lucia Del Vecchio, Luigi Monaco, Maria Rosaria Barillari, Natale Di Martino, Umberto Barillari, Gaetano Motta, Salvatore Cappabianca, Roberto Grassi
Presbyphagia represents the physiological aging evolution of the swallowing function. It is related to the natural changes of the anatomical structures involved in the swallowing process. These age-related modifications can be asymptomatic in the early stages of life, but in the late stages, they could lead to dysphagia, aspiration pneumonia, dehydration, or malnutrition, reducing the quality of life. Videofluoromanometry (VFM) is the combined study of videofluoroscopy (VFS) and oropharyngeal manometry that allows simultaneous identification of functional and morphological features of the presbyphagia, also in asymptomatic otherwise healthy elderly adults...
September 2016: International Journal of Surgery
Bernd Nilius, Giovanni Appendino
Spicy food does not only provide an important hedonic input in daily life, but has also been anedoctically associated to beneficial effects on our health. In this context, the discovery of chemesthetic trigeminal receptors and their spicy ligands has provided the mechanistic basis and the pharmacological means to investigate this enticing possibility. This review discusses in molecular terms the connection between the neurophysiology of pungent spices and the "systemic" effects associated to their trigeminality...
2013: Reviews of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology
G Farronato, E Storti, M L Cuzzocrea, A Lucchese, G Cossellu, F Assandri, R Biagi
The diagnosis, the therapy and the monitoring of the obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) are to be considered as critical factors in order to prevent severe systemic complications that can be caused by this pathological condition. This work presents three cases of adult patients affected by OSAS, undergoing therapy with oral appliances (OAs), meant to remove the pharyngeal obstruction caused by mandibular retrusion and tongue collapse in nocturnal supine position. The aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of the OAs both through the comparison of the polysomnographic analysis, in the presence and absence of the appliance in situ, and also through the volumetric measurements of the pharingeal airway thanks to the cone beam computed tomography...
April 2013: Minerva Stomatologica
Péter Bősze
The last 20 years is one of the most remarkable periods in the fight against cancer, with the realization that some human papillomaviruses are causally related to cancer and with the development of the vaccine against human papillomavirus infections. This is a historical event in medicine and the prophylactic human papillomavirus vaccines have provided powerful tools for primary prevention of cervical cancer and other human papillomavirus-associated diseases. This is very important as human papillomavirus infection is probably the most common sexually transmitted infection worldwide, and over one million women develop associated cancer yearly, which is about 5% of all female cancers, and half of them die of their disease...
April 21, 2013: Orvosi Hetilap
F Ansaldi, D De Florentiis, V Parodi, E Rappazzo, M Coppelli, M Martini, C Alicino, P Durando, G Icardi
INTRODUCTION: During the 2010/11 influenza season an epidemiological prospective cohort active study was organized, to evaluate etiologic role due to the main bacteria and viruses causing Community Acquired Pneumonia (CAP) and Influenza like-illness (ILl) in elderly and to explore the role of the bacterial nose-pharingeal carriage in subjects with respiratory tract infections. METHODS: An integrated active surveillance of a cohort of adults aged > or = 60 y based on a double prospective and retrospective mechanisms of capture of ILl and CAP cases was organized...
June 2012: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
Eugenio Cecchetti, Daniela Scorzoni, Christian Cambria, Patrizia Scalia
Man, 60 years old, in two weekly haemodialysis from 2009. From 2007 in treatment with once-daily telmisartan 40 mg for hypertension. From 2008 showed recurrent pharingitys. In June 2011 bacterial cystitis showed at the same time. The telmisartan was discontinued and both problems solved.
March 2012: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
A Dumitra, A Sabău, D Maniu, F Grosu, G Smarandache, E Ursache, L Negrean, M Sava, D Sabău
INTRODUCTION: The esophageal neoplasm is currently the seventh cause of death through cancer worlwide. In the developing countries it is situated on the fifth place and has one of the worst prognostics for a neoplasm. Due to the specifical intratoracical topography, clinically inaccesible and without symptoms, the disease is rather incurable when the disphagia appears. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The esophageal prosthesis procedure through laparogastroscopical approach, used by us, is an original one, noninvasive, acknowledged both nationally and internationally...
May 2011: Chirurgia
Anna Bilska, Ewelina Wilińska, Monika Szturmowicz, Liliana Wawrzyńska, Anna Fijałkowska, Karina Oniszh, Andrzej Swiatowiec, Agnieszka Wsół, Adam Torbicki
Pericardial effusion is caused by various pathological agents. In differential diagnosis infectious as well as non-infectious factors have to be considered. Adult-onset Still disease (AOSD)--relatively uncommon systemic inflammatory disorder of unknown etiology--is among possible diagnosis. The disease typically affects patients in the age between 16-35 years and is characterized by spiking fever, arthralgia, evanescent salmon rash with other abnormalities including pharingitis, serositis (especially pleuritis and pericarditis) and leucocytosis as well as increased serum levels of inflammatory indicators...
2011: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska
Michael Vaiman, Oded Nahlieli, Eli Eliav
OBJECTIVES: Surface electromyographic (sEMG) studies were performed on 40 adult patients following extraction of lower third and second molars to research the approach and limitations of sEMG evaluation of their odynophagia complaints. METHODS: Parameters evaluated during swallowing and drinking include the timing, number of swallows per 100 cc of water, and range (amplitude) of EMG activity of m. masseter, infrahyoid and submental-submandibular group. The above mentioned variables (mean + standard deviation) were measured for the group of dental patients (n = 40) and control group of healthy adults (n = 40)...
2006: Head & Face Medicine
Miguel Xavier, Bernardo Correa, Marta Coromina, Nuno Canas, João Guimarães
BACKGROUND: Since 9% to 20% of all cases of acute psychosis presenting to an Emergency Department (ED) are due to a general medical condition, cautious medical workup should be mandatory in such patients. Differential diagnosis must consider conditions as diverse as renal failure or CNS infection. Acute Chlamydia pneumoniae infection usually causes a self-limited respiratory syndrome. Rarely, acute neurological complications occur, with acute meningoencephalitis most frequently reported...
September 15, 2005: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
Pedro Gutiérrez Castrellón, Jaime Ramírez Mayans, Gerardo López Pérez
OBJECTIVE: To compare astemizole with other first or second generation antihistaminics in the treatment of allergic rhinitis or urticaria. DESIGN: Systematic revision of clinical, controlled and randomized tests. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 36 controlled, randomized, clinical, double or simple blind tests were made in 6,446 patients; 4,513 of them were assigned to astemizole and 1,933 to other first or second generation antihistaminics. Analyzed outcomes: Rate of global success; global scoring improvement of rhinitis; ocular, nasal or pharingeal pruritus; watering; nasal obstruction; sneeze; urticaria; cutaneous response to histamine; time to get a satisfactory improvent; frequency of sedation and headache...
May 2005: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
G. Manno, M.L. Belli, M. Bassetti, E. Ugolotti, M.L. Fenu, S. Piana, D. Bassetti
H. influenzae, S. pneumoniae and M. catarrhalis are the most common bacterial pathogens causing respiratory infections in children. Resistance to antibiotics may vary according to the geographical area. It is therefore important that the resistance pattern of such pathogens is determined by surveillance studies carried out both on a national scale and by individual laboratories. In this study, we determined retrospectively the prevalence of H. influenzae, S. pneumoniae and M. catarrhalis in upper respiratory tract infections involving subjects of paediatric age, with reference to the type of clinical sample (pharingeal swab and nasal swab), symptomatology and age group...
2000: Le Infezioni in Medicina
J L Puerto Alonso, P García-Martos, J A Girón González
Arcanobacterium haemolyticum is a grampositive rod wich belonged, until a short time ago, to Corynebacterium genus, and recently classified in a new genus, with only one specie. Human is the main reservoir. It has been isolated from the skin and pharinx of healthy individuals, but also it is cause of infection, specially pharingitis, in children, and chronic cutaneous ulcus, in diabetic patients. Less frequently, it is cause of osteomyelitis, meningitis, pneumonia, abscess, endocarditis and sepsis. Diagnosis is difficult because its double quality: comensal and pathogen...
September 2002: Anales de Medicina Interna: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Medicina Interna
G K Zherlov, V V Alipov, N V Gibadulin
A method of forming a cervical are flux esophgeal-gastric anastomosis has been developed allowing to exclude or considerably decrease the effect of esophago-gastro-pharingeal reflux on the esophageal stump mucosa after subtotal resection of the esophagus and performing one-moment esophagogastroplasty. A muscular constrictor and a circular invagination valve formed in the area of the esophagogastroanastomosis represent a single mechanism having the functional properties approximating the natural esophagocardial passage which prevents the reflux of the stomach contents into the esophagus stump and is a guarantee of prophylactics of reflux-esophagitis and stenosis of the created anastomosis...
2001: Vestnik Khirurgii Imeni I. I. Grekova
L Pardo Mateu, F Giménez Vaillo, B Cano Cuenca, F Pérez Climent, R Monzó Gandía
The syndrome of hemifacial microsomia is formed by a constellation of congenital malformations of the originating face structures of the I and II branchial archs, in which the first pharingeal stock and the first soft palate take part to, along with the nucleus of the temporary bone. We present a new case of hemifacial microsomia, and reviewed its clinical characteristics and therapeutic possibilities.
October 2000: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
B V Shevrygin, B M Manuĭlov, E A Kaziakhmedov, E N Demina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2000: Antibiotiki i Khimioterapii︠a︡, Antibiotics and Chemoterapy [sic]
N Moins, A Cayre, S Chevillard, J Maublant, P Verrelle, F Finat-Duclos
BACKGROUND: As multidrug resistant (MDR) tumour cells generally exhibit a drug accumulation deficit, the effects of three prototype modulators and their combinations were investigated by studying the modulation of 3H-dounomycin cellular accumulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two cell lines derived from a rhino-pharingeal human carcinoma, either sensitive (KB-3-1) or selected as MDR (KB-A1) were used. Verapamil (10mumol.L-1), PSC 833 (lmumol.L-1) and S9788 (5mumol...
July 2000: Anticancer Research
E R Righini, R Alvisi, S Bortolazzi, E Marangoni, G Gritti
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of pharyngeal gas insufflation (PGI) in clinically stable patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). DESIGN: Prospective study in humans. SETTING: Department of Intensive Care Medicine at a University Hospital. PATIENTS: Seven clinically stable COPD patients. INTERVENTION: Pharyngeal dry fresh air insufflation (PGI) with a continuous flow rate of 4 L/min was given via a nasal catheter placed into the oropharynx...
September 1998: Minerva Anestesiologica
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