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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319479/brainstem-evoked-potential-indices-of-subcortical-auditory-processing-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#1
Kathy R Vander Werff, Brian Rieger
OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this study was to assess subcortical auditory processing in individuals with chronic symptoms after mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) by measuring auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) to standard click and complex speech stimuli. Consistent with reports in the literature of auditory problems after mTBI (despite normal-hearing thresholds), it was hypothesized that individuals with mTBI would have evidence of impaired neural encoding in the auditory brainstem compared to noninjured controls, as evidenced by delayed latencies and reduced amplitudes of ABR components...
March 17, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293782/baha-implant-as-a-hearing-solution-for-single-sided-deafness-after-retrosigmoid-approach-for-the-vestibular-schwannoma-surgical-results
#2
Jan Boucek, Jan Vokral, Libor Cerny, Martin Chovanec, Jiří Skrivan, Eduard Zverina, Jan Betka, Michal Zabrodsky
Skull base tumors and, in particular, vestibular schwannoma (VS) are among the etiological reasons for single-sided deafness (SSD). Patients with SSD have problems in understanding speech in a noisy environment and cannot localize the direction of sounds. Baha is one of the most frequently used systems for SSD compensation. Out of 38 patients with SSD after retrosigmoid removal of VS who underwent testing with Baha softband, 16 were satisfied and were indicated for Baha implantation. Two surgical approaches have been used-the Nijmegen linear incision technique with subdermal thinning (Group I, implant BI300) and fast surgery technique without subdermal thinning (Group II, implant BIA400)...
March 14, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288475/cochlear-implantation-in-children-with-congenital-single-sided-deafness
#3
Jan Peter Thomas, Katrin Neumann, Stefan Dazert, Christiane Voelter
OBJECTIVE: To determine audiological and clinical results of cochlear implantation in children with congenital single sided deafness (SSD), with an emphasis on children implanted before and after 6 years of age. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. SUBJECTS: Twenty one children with congenital SSD who were implanted aged 10 months to 11;3 years. INTERVENTION: Unilateral cochlear implantation...
April 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286367/structured-counseling-for-auditory-dynamic-range-expansion
#4
REVIEW
Susan L Gold, Craig Formby
A structured counseling protocol is described that, when combined with low-level broadband sound therapy from bilateral sound generators, offers audiologists a new tool for facilitating the expansion of the auditory dynamic range (DR) for loudness. The protocol and its content are specifically designed to address and treat problems that impact hearing-impaired persons who, due to their reduced DRs, may be limited in the use and benefit of amplified sound from hearing aids. The reduced DRs may result from elevated audiometric thresholds and/or reduced sound tolerance as documented by lower-than-normal loudness discomfort levels (LDLs)...
February 2017: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286364/considerations-in-the-development-of-a-sound-tolerance-interview-and-questionnaire-instrument
#5
REVIEW
LaGuinn P Sherlock, Craig Formby
Most clinicians approach the objective fitting of hearing aids with three goals in mind: audibility, comfort, and tolerance. When these three amplification goals have been met, the hearing aid user is more likely to adapt to and perceive benefit from hearing aid use. However, problems related to the loudness of sounds and reduced sound tolerance, which may or may not be reported by the aided user, can adversely impact adaptation to amplification and the individual's quality of life. Although there are several standardized questionnaires available to evaluate hearing aid benefit and satisfaction, there is no standardized questionnaire or interview tool for evaluating reduced sound tolerance and the related impact on hearing aid use...
February 2017: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286363/repeated-measurement-of-absolute-and-relative-judgments-of-loudness-clinical-relevance-for-prescriptive-fitting-of-aided-target-gains-for-soft-comfortable-and-loud-but-ok-sound-levels
#6
REVIEW
Craig Formby, JoAnne Payne, Xin Yang, Delphanie Wu, Jason M Parton
This study was undertaken with the purpose of streamlining clinical measures of loudness growth to facilitate and enhance prescriptive fitting of nonlinear hearing aids. Repeated measures of loudness at 500 and 3,000 Hz were obtained bilaterally at monthly intervals over a 6-month period from three groups of young adult listeners. All volunteers had normal audiometric hearing sensitivity and middle ear function, and all denied problems related to sound tolerance. Group 1 performed judgments of soft and loud, but OK for presentation of ascending sound levels...
February 2017: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285827/our-auditory-results-using-the-vibrant-soundbridge-on-the-long-process-of-the-incus-20-years-of-data
#7
Anaïs Grégoire, Jean-Philippe Van Damme, Chantal Gilain, Benoit Bihin, Pierre Garin
OBJECTIVE: After 20 years of experience with different types of middle ear implants, we analyzed our database about the Vibrant Soundbridge (VSB) to know the rate of complications, the effect on the residual hearing and the audiometric gain in our center. METHOD: The study was retrospective and included all VSB implants bound to the long process of the incus in our tertiary medical center between january 1999 and february 2015. We observed the effect of surgery on residual hearing by comparing bone and air conduction thresholds before and after implantation...
March 9, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281033/a-treatable-cause-of-myelopathy-and-vision-loss-mimicking-neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disorder-late-onset-biotinidase-deficiency
#8
Sanem Yilmaz, Mine Serin, Ebru Canda, Cenk Eraslan, Hande Tekin, Sema Kalkan Ucar, Sarenur Gokben, Hasan Tekgul, Gul Serdaroglu
Biotinidase deficiency is characterized by severe neurological manifestations as hypotonia, lethargy, ataxia, hearing loss, seizures and developmental retardation in its classical form. Late-onset biotinidase deficiency presents distinctly from the classical form such as limb weakness and vision problems. A 14-year-old boy presented with progressive vision loss and upper limb weakness. The patient was initiated steroid therapy with a preliminary diagnosis of neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder due to the craniospinal imaging findings demonstrating optic nerve, brainstem and longitudinally extensive spinal cord involvement...
March 9, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275278/occupational-health-problems-among-dentists-in-croatia
#9
Marin Vodanović, Slavica Sović, Ivan Galić
AIM: To assess the health status among dentists in Croatia regarding the symptoms of musculoskeletal, dermatological, sight, hearing and neurological disorders. METHODS: The anonymous online survey was conducted among 506 Croatian dentists. RESULTS: It was found that over 78.18% of the surveyed dentists experienced work related pain in upper back, 76.97% of them in lower back. Work-related skin problems were reported by 29.29% of dentists...
December 2016: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274332/the-relationship-between-chronic-physical-conditions-multimorbidity-and-anxiety-in-the-general-population-a-global-perspective-across-42-countries
#10
Davy Vancampfort, Ai Koyanagi, Mats Hallgren, Michel Probst, Brendon Stubbs
OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional study assessed the association of chronic physical conditions and multimorbidity with anxiety among community-dwelling adults in 42 countries. METHOD: Data were analyzed from the World Health Survey including 181,845 adults aged ≥18years. Anxiety in the past 30days and nine chronic physical conditions (angina, arthritis, asthma, chronic back pain, diabetes, edentulism, hearing problem, tuberculosis, and visual impairment) were assessed...
March 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271168/-perception-of-hearing-problems-in-the-older-population
#11
S Moser, W Luxenberger, W Freidl
BACKGROUND: Age-related hearing loss is one of the most common chronic sensory impairments in the older population. This chronic condition is associated with bio-psychosocial consequences such as cognitive decline, depression, withdrawal, isolation, and reduced wellbeing. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the perception of hearing problems among older women and men (≥55 years) with age-related hearing loss. Furthermore, the association between functional hearing loss and perceived hearing problems was examined...
March 7, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270784/auditory-and-non-auditory-contributions-for-unaided-speech-recognition-in-noise-as-a-function-of-hearing-aid-use
#12
Anja Gieseler, Maike A S Tahden, Christiane M Thiel, Kirsten C Wagener, Markus Meis, Hans Colonius
Differences in understanding speech in noise among hearing-impaired individuals cannot be explained entirely by hearing thresholds alone, suggesting the contribution of other factors beyond standard auditory ones as derived from the audiogram. This paper reports two analyses addressing individual differences in the explanation of unaided speech-in-noise performance among n = 438 elderly hearing-impaired listeners (mean = 71.1 ± 5.8 years). The main analysis was designed to identify clinically relevant auditory and non-auditory measures for speech-in-noise prediction using auditory (audiogram, categorical loudness scaling) and cognitive tests (verbal-intelligence test, screening test of dementia), as well as questionnaires assessing various self-reported measures (health status, socio-economic status, and subjective hearing problems)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269101/detection-of-binaural-interaction-in-free-field-evoked-auditory-brainstem-responses-by-time-scale-representations
#13
Erik Schebsdat, Horst Hessel, Harald Seidler, Daniel J Strauss
The so called β-wave of the binaural interaction component (BIC) in auditory brainstem responses (ABR) has been shown to be an objective measure for binaural interaction (BI). This component is the arithmetical difference between the sum of the monaurally evoked ABRs and the binaurally evoked ABR. Unfortunately, these neural responses are known to be very fragile and as a result the calculated BIC. An additional issue is, that the findings of this measurement are predominantly needed in people with hearing loss who may use hearing devices like hearing aids (HA) or cochlear implants (CI), thus they are not able to use headphones (like in conventional ABR measurements) during the detection of possible BI...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268325/a-study-for-the-development-of-k-sound-based-automatic-blood-pressure-device-using-pvdf-film
#14
Xiong Li, Gayathri V Panicker, Jae J Im
Traditional indirect standard measurement of blood pressure is based on hearing Korotkoff sounds to determine systolic and diastolic blood pressure. However, the problem exists among different types of automatic blood pressure monitoring devices because of no standard algorithm for estimating accurate blood pressure values. Aim of the study was to develop an automatic blood pressure measurement device based on Korotkoff sounds. PVDF(poliyvinylidene fluoride) film was used as a contact microphone to detect Korotkoff sounds on the brachial artery, and pressure sensor was used to obtain cuff pressure...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268288/difficulty-understanding-speech-in-noise-by-the-hearing-impaired-underlying-causes-and-technological-solutions
#15
Eric W Healy, Sarah E Yoho
A primary complaint of hearing-impaired individuals involves poor speech understanding when background noise is present. Hearing aids and cochlear implants often allow good speech understanding in quiet backgrounds. But hearing-impaired individuals are highly noise intolerant, and existing devices are not very effective at combating background noise. As a result, speech understanding in noise is often quite poor. In accord with the significance of the problem, considerable effort has been expended toward understanding and remedying this issue...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251422/immigrant-generational-status-and-developmental-problems-among-prematurely-born-children
#16
Phylicia T Bediako, Rhonda BeLue, Marianne M Hillemeier
Immigrants in the U.S. often have comparatively favorable health outcomes despite relative socioeconomic disadvantage- a phenomenon termed the Immigrant Paradox. This study examined the relationship between family immigrant status and developmental problems among children born preterm. The 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health data collected through a telephone based survey based on parental report of prematurity and other comorbidities were analyzed using multivariate logistic regression analysis to examine seven developmental outcomes...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240981/working-memory-sleep-and-hearing-problems-in-patients-with-tinnitus-and-hearing-loss-fitted-with-hearing-aids
#17
Reza Zarenoe, Mathias Hällgren, Gerhard Andersson, Torbjörn Ledin
BACKGROUND: Tinnitus is a common condition and there is a need to evaluate effects of tinnitus management in relation to moderating factors such as degree of hearing loss. As it is possible that tinnitus influences concentration, and thus is likely to disturb cognitive processing, the role of cognitive functioning also needs to be investigated. PURPOSE: To compare a group of patients with sensorineural hearing loss and tinnitus to a control group with only sensorineural hearing loss (and no tinnitus)...
February 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236512/timing-matters-a-randomized-control-trial-of-recovery-coaches-in-foster-care
#18
Joseph P Ryan, Brian E Perron, Andrew Moore, Bryan G Victor, Kune Park
Substance use disorders are a major problem for child welfare systems. The abuse of and dependence on alcohol and drugs by parents increases the risk of child maltreatment and interferes with efforts to locate a permanent home for children in foster care. The current study focuses on an intervention designed to increase the probability of reunification for foster children associated with substance using families. We focus specific attention on the timing of the intervention, in particular the timing of comprehensive screening and access to substance abuse services in relation to the temporary custody hearing...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227326/detection-of-binaural-interaction-in-free-field-evoked-auditory-brainstem-responses-by-time-scale-representations
#19
Erik Schebsdat, Horst Hessel, Harald Seidler, Daniel J Strauss, Erik Schebsdat, Horst Hessel, Harald Seidler, Daniel J Strauss, Horst Hessel, Erik Schebsdat, Harald Seidler, Daniel J Strauss
The so called β-wave of the binaural interaction component (BIC) in auditory brainstem responses (ABR) has been shown to be an objective measure for binaural interaction (BI). This component is the arithmetical difference between the sum of the monaurally evoked ABRs and the binaurally evoked ABR. Unfortunately, these neural responses are known to be very fragile and as a result the calculated BIC. An additional issue is, that the findings of this measurement are predominantly needed in people with hearing loss who may use hearing devices like hearing aids (HA) or cochlear implants (CI), thus they are not able to use headphones (like in conventional ABR measurements) during the detection of possible BI...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226486/a-study-for-the-development-of-k-sound-based-automatic-blood-pressure-device-using-pvdf-film
#20
Xiong Li, Gayathri V Panicker, Jae J Im, Xiong Li, Gayathri V Panicker, Jae J Im, Gayathri V Panicker, Xiong Li, Jae J Im
Traditional indirect standard measurement of blood pressure is based on hearing Korotkoff sounds to determine systolic and diastolic blood pressure. However, the problem exists among different types of automatic blood pressure monitoring devices because of no standard algorithm for estimating accurate blood pressure values. Aim of the study was to develop an automatic blood pressure measurement device based on Korotkoff sounds. PVDF(poliyvinylidene fluoride) film was used as a contact microphone to detect Korotkoff sounds on the brachial artery, and pressure sensor was used to obtain cuff pressure...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
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