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Hearing problem

So Young Kim, Yung Jin Jeon, Jun-Young Lee, Young Ho Kim
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The characteristics and underlying mechanisms of tinnitus remain more elusive in the pediatric population than in adults. We investigated the prevalence of tinnitus, its characteristics, and associated factors, with a focus on psychoemotional problems in adolescents. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study METHODS: In total, 962 adolescents were surveyed for tinnitus and possibly related otologic and socioeconomic factors. The participants completed a visual analog scale (VAS) pertaining to various aspects of tinnitus, as well as the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory, Children's Depression Inventory (CDI), State Anxiety Inventory for Children, Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children (TAIC), Internet Addiction Test, Conners' Abbreviated Parent Rating Scale, and a learning disability score...
October 24, 2016: Laryngoscope
Emily M Carrigan, Marie Coppola
Constructivist accounts of language acquisition maintain that the language learner aims to match a target provided by mature users. Communicative problem solving in the context of social interaction and matching a linguistic target or model are presented as primary mechanisms driving the language development process. However, research on the development of homesign gesture systems by deaf individuals who have no access to a linguistic model suggests that aspects of language can develop even when typical input is unavailable...
October 20, 2016: Cognition
M David Keller, John M Ziriax, William Barns, Benjamin Sheffield, Douglas Brungart, Tony Thomas, Bobby Jaeger, Kurt Yankaskas
Noise, hearing loss, and electronic signal distortion, which are common problems in military environments, can impair speech intelligibility and thereby jeopardize mission success. The current study investigated the impact that impaired communication has on operational performance in a command and control environment by parametrically degrading speech intelligibility in a simulated shipborne Combat Information Center. Experienced U.S. Navy personnel served as the study participants and were required to monitor information from multiple sources and respond appropriately to communications initiated by investigators playing the roles of other personnel involved in a realistic Naval scenario...
October 19, 2016: Hearing Research
Poornapriya Ramamurthy, Joshua B White, Joong Yull Park, Richard I Hume, Fumi Ebisu, Flor Mendez, Shuichi Takayama, Kate F Barald
BACKGROUND: To send meaningful information to the brain, an inner ear cochlear implant (CI) must become closely coupled to as large and healthy a population of remaining Spiral Ganglion Neurons (SGN) as possible. Inner ear gangliogenesis depends on macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), a directionally attractant neurotrophic cytokine made by both Schwann and supporting cells (Bank et al., 2012). MIF-induced mouse embryonic stem cell (mESC)-derived "neurons" could potentially substitute for lost or damaged SGN...
October 19, 2016: Developmental Dynamics: An Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists
C C Wu, Y H Chen, T H Yang, K N Lin, S Y Lee, T C Liu, C J Hsu
Congenital ossicular chain anomalies are rare, but are clinically important because hearing loss in most cases is correctable by appropriate surgical interventions. The great diversity in anatomic variations makes congenital ossicular chain anomalies a surgical challenge for otologists. Theoretically, endoscopic surgery might be suitable for management of congenital ossicular chain anomalies by improving visualization of lesions and preserving uninvolved anatomic structures as compared to conventional microscopic surgery...
October 19, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
Aaron R Baker, David G Fanelli, Sangam Kanekar, Huseyin Isildak
OBJECTIVE: Current bone-anchored hearing aid (BAHA) guidelines recommend placement of the titanium implant 5 to 7 cm posterior to the ear canal. Previous studies show that bone conducted hearing is maximized the closer the transducer is to the cochlea. We aim to investigate the position of the sigmoid sinus with respect to BAHA implants to determine whether they may be safely placed closer to the ear canal in patients with chronic ear disease, enhancing the amplification available to the patient...
October 12, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
Lotte Skøt, Tina Jeppesen, Angelina Isabella Mellentin, Ask Elklit
PURPOSE: This descriptive study sought to explore barriers faced by Deaf and hard-of-hearing (D/HH) individuals in Denmark when accessing medical and psychosocial services following large-scale disasters and individual traumatic experiences. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with nine D/HH individuals who had experienced at least one disaster or other traumatic event. RESULTS: Difficulties were encountered during interactions with first response and healthcare services, which centered on: (1) lack of Deaf awareness among professionals, (2) problems accessing interpreter services, (3) professionals relying on hearing relatives to disseminate information, and (4) professionals who were unwilling to adjust their speech or try different forms of communication...
October 17, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Onyinye Ukaegbe, Basil Ezeanolue, Foster Orji
Introduction Tinnitus is a worldwide problem. Objective The objective of this study is to evaluate the audiometric hearing thresholds of adult patients with ongoing tinnitus as their only otological symptom. Methods We evaluated the hearing thresholds of 43 adult patients with ongoing tinnitus and no history of hearing loss from the otolaryngology department of a tertiary health institution at speech and high frequencies. A total of 56 tinnitus ears were compared against 30 contralateral normal ears as well as with the 100 ears of 50 healthy volunteers...
October 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Idalina Luz, Angela Ribas, Lorena Kozlowski, Mariluci Willig, Ana Paula Berberian
Introduction Law 12.303/10 requires hearing screening in newborns before hospital discharge to detect possible hearing problems within the first three months after birth. If the newborn fails the test or presents signs of risk for hearing loss, it must undergo a retest and monitoring during the first year of life. In practice, this often does not happen. Objective To identify, in a group of mothers of children with risk factors for hearing loss, the determining reasons for non-compliance with the auditory retest...
October 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Stephanie Kletke, Vaishnavi Batmanabane, Tianyang Dai, Ajoy Vincent, Shuning Li, Karen A Gordon, Blake C Papsin, Sharon L Cushing, Elise Héon
The co-occurrence of hearing impairment and visual dysfunction is devastating. Most deaf-blind etiologies are genetically determined, the commonest being Usher syndrome (USH). While studies of the congenitally deaf population reveal a variable degree of visual problems, there are no effective ophthalmic screening guidelines. We hypothesized that children with congenital sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) and vestibular impairment were at an increased risk of having Usher syndrome. A retrospective chart review of 33 cochlear implants recipients for severe to profound SNHL and measured vestibular dysfunction was done to determine the ocular phenotype...
October 15, 2016: Clinical Genetics
Farzad Faraji-Khiavi, Rezvan Dashti, Seyyed-Jalal Sameni, Arash Bayat
INTRODUCTION: Hearing loss is one of the most disabling impairments. Using a hearing aid as an attempt to improve the hearing problem can positively affect the quality of life for these people. This research was aimed to assess satisfaction of hearing impaired patients with their hearing aids regarding the employed technology and style. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive-analytic cross-sectional research was conducted on 187 subjects with hearing loss who were using a hearing aid...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Maria Jenelyn M Alviar, Tom Hale, Monalisa Dungca
BACKGROUND: This is an updated version of the original Cochrane review published in Issue 12, 2011. Phantom limb pain (PLP) is pain that arises in the missing limb after amputation and can be severe, intractable, and disabling. Various medications have been studied in the treatment of phantom pain. There is currently uncertainty in the optimal pharmacologic management of PLP. OBJECTIVES: This review aimed to summarise the evidence of effectiveness of pharmacologic interventions in treating PLP...
October 14, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Masashi Asai, Aimi Kinjo, Shoko Kimura, Ryotaro Mori, Takashi Kawakubo, Keiro Shirotani, Sosuke Yagishita, Kei Maruyama, Nobuhisa Iwata
Down syndrome (DS), the most common genetic disorder, is caused by trisomy 21. DS is accompanied by heart defects, hearing and vision problems, obesity, leukemia, and other conditions, including Alzheimer's disease (AD). In comparison, most cancers are rare in people with DS. Overexpression of dual specificity tyrosine-phosphorylation-regulated kinase 1A and a regulator of calcineurin 1 located on chromosome 21 leads to excessive suppression of the calcineurin-nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) signaling pathway, resulting in reduced expression of a critical angiogenic factor...
2016: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Leman Birdane, Armağan İncesulu, Erkan Özüdoğru, Cemal Cingi, Hamdi Caklı, Melek Kezban Gürbüz, Baki Adapınar
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the vestibular system of children with unilateral sensorineural hearing loss (USNHL), investigate the etiological factors of USNHL and analyze whether a genetic predisposition exists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-three children aged less than 18 years with USNHL, who visited the ear, nose, and throat (ENT) department between January 2004 and December 2012, were included in this study. Cases with conductive hearing loss were excluded from the study...
August 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
Helen Costello, Gillian M Hayes, Elizabeth Highton-Williamson, Shirley Nurock, Dave Hanbury, Paul T Francis
OBJECTIVE: Test the feasibility of assessing cognition, psychiatric symptoms and daily living skills of potential brain donors by telephone and compare satisfaction and attitudes across telephone and face-to-face assessment. METHOD: Data were collected from 108 healthy participants from the Brains for Dementia Research cohort. Purposive sampling was used to assess feasibility and a randomised control trial design compared satisfaction and attitudes towards telephone and face-to-face assessment...
October 7, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Jeremie Richard, Icoquih Badillo-Amberg, Phyllis Zelkowitz
Past research has suggested that social support can reduce the negative psychological consequences associated with infertility. Online discussion boards (ODBs) appear to be a novel and valuable venue for men with fertility problems to acquire support from similar others. Research has not employed a social support framework to classify the types of support men are offered and receive. Using template, content, and thematic analysis, this study sought to identify what types of social support men seek and receive on online infertility discussion boards while exploring how men having fertility problems use appraisal support to assist other men...
October 4, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
Dimitrios Kloukos, Piotr Fudalej, Patrick Sequeira-Byron, Christos Katsaros
BACKGROUND: Cleft lip and palate is one of the most common birth defects and can cause difficulties with feeding, speech and hearing, as well as psychosocial problems. Treatment of orofacial clefts is prolonged; it typically commences after birth and lasts until the child reaches adulthood or even into adulthood. Residual deformities, functional disturbances, or both, are frequently seen in adults with a repaired cleft. Conventional orthognathic surgery, such as Le Fort I osteotomy, is often performed for the correction of maxillary hypoplasia...
September 30, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Hugo Carlos Pedroso, Cláudia Giglio de Oliveira Gonçalves
Objective: The article aims to analyze the perception and knowledge of health professionals working in primary health care networks in the Municipality of Curitiba - Paraná, regarding the compulsory notification of Induced Hearing Loss Noise (NIHL) in the National Notifiable Diseases Information System (SINAN). Methods: We performed a transversal cohort study in Curitiba, analyzing perception and knowledge of health professionals working in the primary health care networks in the Municipality of Curitiba, regarding the compulsory notification of NIHL in SINAN, from 2007 to 2014, featuring the reported cases and exploring the situational analysis of the NIHL notification, through a questionnaire and a structured news conference...
September 26, 2016: CoDAS
Elpida Frantzeskou, Olaf Chresten Jensen, Athena Linos
BACKGROUND: Fishing is an extremely dangerous occupational activity that predisposes to occupational diseases and accidents. Greece, with about 16,000 km of coastline and its unique morphological characteristics with small islands and peninsulas, represents a strong proof of its great tradition in the fisheries sector since ancient times. The aim of the study was to examine the health status and the health risk factors present in Greek fishery workers, by exploring their working environment, thus providing a current baseline for documentation of the needs for prevention and health promotion...
2016: International Maritime Health
Mark W Swanson, Katherine K Weise, Laura E Dreer, James Johnston, Richard D Davis, Drew Ferguson, Matthew Heath Hale, Sara J Gould, Jennifer B Christy, Claudio Busettini, Sarah D Lee, Erin Swanson
PURPOSE: Academic difficulty is reported in children with prolonged post-concussive symptoms. Despite growing evidence that vestibular-ocular and vision-specific dysfunction are common in children after concussion, vision is rarely mentioned in return-to-learn protocols. The purpose of this project was to evaluate a cohort of children with prolonged post-concussive symptoms to determine if vision symptoms are associated with those reporting academic difficulty. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Children's of Alabama Concussion Clinic REDCap dataset from the period January 2007 to October 2013...
September 23, 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
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