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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531896/gamma-knife-radiosurgery-for-vestibular-schwannomas-and-quality-of-life-evaluation
#1
Oren Berkowitz, Yueh-Ying Han, Evelyn O Talbott, Aditya K Iyer, Hideyuki Kano, Douglas Kondziolka, Mason A Brown, L Dade Lunsford
BACKGROUND: Further investigation is needed to look at the impact of vestibular schwannoma (VS) on the health-related quality of life (QOL) of participants who undergo Gamma Knife® radiosurgery (GKRS). OBJECTIVES: Investigators compared the QOL for VS participants to reported US population norms in order to evaluate disease burden and long-term QOL several years after GKRS. METHODS: This cross-sectional study surveyed participants to assess hearing status, tinnitus, imbalance, vertigo, as well as the Short-Form 36-item Health Questionnaire (SF-36)...
May 23, 2017: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528846/the-multi-level-impact-of-chronic-intermittent-hypoxia-on-central-auditory-processing
#2
Eddie Wong, Bin Yang, Lida Du, Wai Hong Ho, Condon Lau, Ya Ke, Ying Shing Chan, Wing Ho Yung, Ed X Wu
During hypoxia, the tissues do not obtain adequate oxygen. Chronic hypoxia can lead to many health problems. A relatively common cause of chronic hypoxia is sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is a sleep breathing disorder that affects 3 to 7% of the population. During sleep, the patient's breathing starts and stops. This can lead to hypertension, attention deficits, and hearing disorders. In this study, we apply an established chronic intermittent hypoxemia (CIH) model of sleep apnea to study its impact on auditory processing...
May 18, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526828/gender-differences-in-the-association-between-moderate-alcohol-consumption-and-hearing-threshold-shifts
#3
Yuan-Yung Lin, Hsin-Chien Chen, Wen-Sen Lai, Li-Wei Wu, Chih-Hung Wang, Jih-Chin Lee, Tung-Wei Kao, Wei-Liang Chen
Hearing loss is a global public health problem with a high prevalence, significantly impairing communication and leading to a decrease in the quality of life. The association between moderate alcohol consumption (MAC) and hearing impairment has been addressed in several studies with inconsistent results. The intent of our study is to clarify the correlation between MAC and the hearing threshold and further investigate the interplay between MAC and the hearing threshold categorized by gender. The study included 4,075 participants aged 20-69 years from the 1999-2004 data of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)...
May 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522892/enhancing-communication-in-adults-with-dementia-and-age-related-hearing-loss
#4
REVIEW
Sara K Mamo, Esther Oh, Frank R Lin
For many adults with dementia, age-related hearing loss is undiagnosed and/or untreated. Untreated hearing loss can exacerbate common dementia-related behavioral symptoms, such as depression, apathy, agitation. Despite the potential benefits to the individual and the family, pursuing and adopting hearing aids for persons with dementia presents with many challenges. As such, this group of vulnerable older adults is well suited for alternative approaches that adopt an interventional audiology framework. This article reviews alternative hearing care models that we have tested when working with older adults with cognitive impairments...
May 2017: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516959/adaptive-psychological-structure-in-childhood-hearing-impairment-audiological-correlations
#5
A Serra, G Spinato, S Cocuzza, L Licciardello, P Pavone, L Maiolino
The present research deals with the clinical and social problems present during linguistic and cognitive development of deaf children. Currently, the development of Theory of Mind represents an important research field in deafness studies. These international studies highlighted a significant alteration in the development of Theory of Mind in deaf children compared to normal hearing children, especially in cases of congenital or preverbal hearing loss. In particular, the research focuses on the skills of deaf children in recognising emotions and desires, through both perceptive and cognitive methods, by evaluation of psycho-cognitive skills of children with severe hearing loss using a set of questions to be administered to hearing loss patients...
June 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514356/-the-criteria-for-the-relationship-between-hearing-impairment-and-professional-occupation-and-the-criteria-for-professional-suitability-in-terms-of-hearing-among-the-aeronautical-personnel-engaged-in-civilian-aviation
#6
V B Pankova
This article describes the main clinical features associated with the development and manifestations of disturbed sound perception in the members of the aeronautical personnel engaged in the Russian civilian aviation. The main expert criteria for the relationship between the diseases of the organs of hearing (as exemplified by chronic sensorineural hearing impairment) and professional occupation have been developed based on the results of the clinical and diagnostic examination with the use of whispered and loud speech acumetry, tonal threshold audiometry, speech audiometry, impedancometry and evoked optoacoustic emission...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514024/historical-review-of-efforts-to-reduce-noise-induced-hearing-loss-in-the-united-states
#7
Madeleine J Kerr, Richard L Neitzel, OiSaeng Hong, Robert T Sataloff
BACKGROUND: Noise-induced hearing loss is a centuries-old problem that is still prevalent in the United States and worldwide. AIM: To describe highlights in the development of hearing loss prevention in the U.S. from World War II to the present. METHODS: Literature review. RESULTS: Approaches to occupational noise-induced hearing loss prevention in the United States over the past seven decades are described using a hierarchy of controls framework and an interdisciplinary perspective...
June 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508713/investigation-of-the-reasons-for-not-using-helmet-among-motorcyclists-in-kerman-iran
#8
Aliasghar Maghsoudi, Dariush Boostani, Manoochehr Rafeiee
This study was carried out to investigate reasoning and interpretation of motorcyclists for not using helmet utilizing qualitative methodology of 'grounded theory'. The field of the study was Kerman, a cultural-historical city at the south-east of Iran. Participants were 21 young male motorcyclists. Two sampling strategies were used: maximum variation and snowball sampling. To collect data, in-depth, open-ended interviews were conducted. Data analysis yielded seven categories: fatalism; a barrier to social relationships; peer group pressure and negative labelling; messing up the appearance; disturbance in hearing and vision; barrier to normal breathing; and heaviness and superfluity of helmet...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503652/experiences-of-caregivers-with-spouses-receiving-chemotherapy-for-colorectal-cancer-and-their-expectations-from-nursing-services
#9
Ayse Cal, Ilknur Aydin Avci, Figen Cavusoglu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to reveal experiences of caregivers whose spouses were receiving chemotherapy for colorectal cancer and their expectations from nursing services. METHODS: This is a qualitative study. The caregivers were interviewed at their home. Sampling criteria were volunteering to participate in the study, being able to understand Turkish, not having speech or hearing problems and offering care to spouses with primary colorectal cancer...
April 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492927/prevalence-of-auditory-problems-in-children-with-feeding-and-swallowing-disorders
#10
Vishakha Waman Rawool
Purpose: Although an interdisciplinary approach is recommended for assessment and management of feeding or swallowing difficulties, audiologists are not always included in the interdisciplinary team. The purpose of this study is to report the prevalence of middle ear and hearing problems in children with feeding and swallowing disorders and to compare this prevalence with that in typical children. Method: A total of 103 children were included in the study: 44 children with feeding and swallowing disorders and 59 children without any such disorders...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489444/noise-induced-hearing-loss-a-modern-epidemic
#11
Lema Imam, S Alam Hannan
Hearing loss is an increasingly common problem in the UK, and noise-induced hearing loss is the second most common acquired cause. There is a greater burden on the younger population, as recreational noise exposure is an important contributor. New damaging hearing behaviours have emerged including loud music exposure at concerts, nightclubs and via personal music players. The mechanism of damage is thought to involve many diverse pathways, which include oxidative damage, mechanical shearing forces and glutamate excitotoxicity...
May 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485038/a-cross-sectional-evaluation-of-the-validity-of-a-smartphone-otoscopy-device-in-screening-for-ear-disease-in-nepal
#12
R Mandavia, T Lapa, M Smith, M F Bhutta
OBJECTIVES: Hearing loss is a neglected international health problem. The greatest burden of ear disease is in low-income countries where there is also a lack of resources. In this context, screening for otological disease may be worthwhile. Cupris© has developed an otoscopy device that offers the possibility of low-cost mass screening in remote communities. We evaluated the validity of this device in diagnosing ear disease, and in determining whether referral to an ENT centre is warranted...
May 9, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471753/improving-the-quality-and-accuracy-of-non-invasive-blood-pressure-measurement-by-visual-inspection-and-automated-signal-processing-of-the-korotkoff-sounds
#13
Branko G Celler, Phu Le, Jim Basilakis, Eliathamby Ambikairajah
OBJECTIVE: In this study we investigate inter-operator differences in determining systolic and diastolic pressure from auscultatory sound recordings of Korotkoff sounds. We introduce a new method to record and convert Korotkoff sounds to a high fidelity sound file which can be replayed under optimal conditions by multiple operators, for the independent determination of systolic and diastolic pressure points. APPROACH: We have developed a digitised data base of 643 NIBP records from 216 subjects...
May 4, 2017: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464618/syllable-constituent-perception-by-hearing-aid-users-common-factors-in-quiet-and-noise
#14
James D Miller, Charles S Watson, Marjorie R Leek, Judy R Dubno, David J Wark, Pamela E Souza, Sandra Gordon-Salant, Jayne B Ahlstrom
The abilities of 59 adult hearing-aid users to hear phonetic details were assessed by measuring their abilities to identify syllable constituents in quiet and in differing levels of noise (12-talker babble) while wearing their aids. The set of sounds consisted of 109 frequently occurring syllable constituents (45 onsets, 28 nuclei, and 36 codas) spoken in varied phonetic contexts by eight talkers. In nominal quiet, a speech-to-noise ratio (SNR) of 40 dB, scores of individual listeners ranged from about 23% to 85% correct...
April 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449943/hearing-loss-education-for-older-adults-in-primary-care-clinics-benefits-of-a-concise-educational-brochure
#15
Margaret I Wallhagen, William J Strawbridge
Hearing loss, common in older adults, is associated with negative health outcomes but screening rates in primary care clinics are low and individuals screened or referred often do not follow-through. To address these problems, we worked with 2 primary care clinics to design a simple screening and education protocol for integration into a standard office visit. To assess the effectiveness on the education brochure that was developed, we assessed its impact on individuals age 60 or older who screened positive for possible hearing loss...
April 24, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445580/the-influence-of-social-support-and-coping-on-quality-of-life-among-elderly-with-age-related-hearing-loss
#16
Sarah Moser, Wolfgang Luxenberger, Wolfgang Freidl
Purpose: The consequences of hearing loss hinder the everyday life of older adults and are associated with reduced well-being. The research aim was to explore the influence of hearing problems, various coping strategies, and perceived social support on quality of life. Method: Sixty-five older adults with age-related hearing loss (≥55 years) in Austria participated and completed a paper-pencil survey with standardized questionnaires: Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly (Ventry and Weinstein, 1982), Assessment for Coping and Stress (Laireiter, 1997), short form of the Social Support Questionnaire (Fydrich, Sommer, Tydecks, & Brähler, 2009), and World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale-Brief Version (World Health Organization, 1996)...
April 26, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420278/audiometric-features-in-young-adults-with-turner-syndrome
#17
Åsa Bonnard, Christina Hederstierna, Rusana Bark, Malou Hultcrantz
OBJECTIVE: Hearing loss (HL) is a known problem in adults with Turner syndrome (TS). The aim of this study was to investigate audiometric features in young adults with TS and the extent of hearing aid provision. DESIGN: Patients were recruited from the Turner centre at Karolinska University Hospital. Analysis of audiograms was made in relation to hearing aid use, a Swedish normal hearing cohort and the need for hearing rehabilitation. STUDY SAMPLE: Sixty-four women with TS aged 25-38 years at the time of their audiological testing...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420270/stages-of-change-in-audiology-comparison-of-three-self-assessment-measures
#18
Elisabeth Ingo, K Jonas Brännström, Gerhard Andersson, Thomas Lunner, Ariane Laplante-Lévesque
OBJECTIVE: In a clinical setting, theories of health behaviour change could help audiologists and other hearing health care professionals understand the barriers that prevent people with hearing problems to seek audiological help. The transtheoretical (stages of change) model of health behaviour change is one of these theories. It describes a person's journey towards health behaviour change (e.g. seeking help or taking up rehabilitation) in separate stages: precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, and, finally, maintenance...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417111/speech-intelligibility-in-persian-hearing-impaired-children-with-cochlear-implants-and-hearing-aids
#19
Mohammad Rezaei, Maryam Emadi, Peyman Zamani, Farhad Farahani, Gohar Lotfi
The aim of present study is to evaluate and compare speech intelligibility in hearing impaired children with cochlear implants (CI) and hearing aid (HA) users and children with normal hearing (NH). The sample consisted of 45 Persian-speaking children aged 3 to 5-years-old. They were divided into three groups, and each group had 15, children, children with CI and children using hearing aids in Hamadan. Participants was evaluated by the test of speech intelligibility level. Results of ANOVA on speech intelligibility test showed that NH children had significantly better reading performance than hearing impaired children with CI and HA...
April 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406248/sensory-defects-and-developmental-delay-among-children-with-congenital-rubella-syndrome
#20
Michiko Toizumi, Giang Thi Huong Nguyen, Hideki Motomura, Thanh Huu Nguyen, Enga Pham, Ken-Ichi Kaneko, Masafumi Uematsu, Hien Anh Thi Nguyen, Duc Anh Dang, Masahiro Hashizume, Lay-Myint Yoshida, Hiroyuki Moriuchi
This study investigated the features of developmental difficulties combined with sensory defects in children with congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). Following a large rubella outbreak in Khanh Hoa Province, Vietnam, in 2011, we enrolled 41 children with CRS from September 2011 through May 2013. Fourteen participants died and six became untraceable by October 2013; the remaining 21 children were followed up from 2013 to 2015. Thirteen and seven participants had hearing and functional ophthalmological impairment, respectively...
April 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
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