keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

MRC-5

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521385/-ziziphus-oxyphylla-ethnobotanical-ethnopharmacological-and-phytochemical-review
#1
REVIEW
Rizwan Ahmad, Niyaz Ahmad, Atta Abbas Naqvi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ziziphus oxyphylla (ZO) is distributed mainly in tropic and warm temperate regions in the world. Pakistan owns six (06) indigenous species of genus Ziziphus out of which ZO is widely used for traditional treatment of different ailments such as diabetes, jaundice and liver diseases. AIM OF THE STUDY: The present review aims to provide in-depth and comprehensive literature overview, regarding botanical, chemical and biological characteristics of the plant alongwith phytochemical isolation and mechanistic studies to support its folklore and traditional uses...
May 14, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521203/3d-full-field-quantification-of-cell-induced-large-deformations-in-fibrillar-biomaterials-by-combining-non-rigid-image-registration-with-label-free-second-harmonic-generation
#2
Alvaro Jorge-Peñas, Hannelore Bové, Kathleen Sanen, Marie-Mo Vaeyens, Christian Steuwe, Maarten Roeffaers, Marcel Ameloot, Hans Van Oosterwyck
To advance our current understanding of cell-matrix mechanics and its importance for biomaterials development, advanced three-dimensional (3D) measurement techniques are necessary. Cell-induced deformations of the surrounding matrix are commonly derived from the displacement of embedded fiducial markers, as part of traction force microscopy (TFM) procedures. However, these fluorescent markers may alter the mechanical properties of the matrix or can be taken up by the embedded cells, and therefore influence cellular behavior and fate...
May 10, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507520/in-vitro-and-in-silico-antidiabetic-and-antimicrobial-evaluation-of-constituents-from-kickxia-ramosissima-nanorrhinum-ramosissimum
#3
Adnan Amin, Emmy Tuenter, Kenn Foubert, Jamhsed Iqbal, Paul Cos, Louis Maes, Vassiliki Exarchou, Sandra Apers, Luc Pieters
Background and Aims:Kickxia ramosissima (Wall.) Janch (or Nanorrhinum ramosissimum (Wall.) Betsche is a well-known medicinal plant in Pakistan that is traditionally used in diabetic and inflammatory conditions. Because little information is available on its phytochemical composition, a range of constituents were isolated and evaluated in vitro in assays related to the traditional use. Methods: Dried whole plant material was extracted and chromatographically fractionated. Isolated constituents were evaluated in silico and in vitro in assays related to the traditional use against diabetes (inhibition of α-glucosidase activity; inhibition of advanced glycation endproducts) and in inflammatory conditions (inhibition of AAPH induced linoleic acid peroxidation, inhibition of 15-LOX, antimicrobial activity)...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504009/the-redox-couple-avarol-avarone-in-the-fight-with-malignant-gliomas-the-case-study-of-u-251-mg-cells
#4
Boris Pejin, Giuseppina Tommonaro, Miodrag Glumac, Dimitar Jakimov, Vesna Kojic
This study aimed to screen in vitro antitumour activity of the redox couple avarol/avarone against the human malignant glioma cell line U-251 MG for the first time. Compared both with avarol and positive controls used (temozolomide and doxorubicin), avarone was found to be the most active compound with IC50 value below 1 μM (IC50 0.68 ± 0.04 μM, 96 h). Considerable less DNA damage in the cells treated with avarol and avarone vs. doxorubicin (105 & 123% vs. 299%, respectively; untreated U-251 MG cells were used as a control, 100%), coupled with no sign of cytotoxicity against the normal human foetal lung fibroblast MRC-5 cells (IC50 > 100 μM), has actually pointed out the importance of this marine sesquiterpenoid quinone structure as a promising lead compound in development of novel brain chemotherapeutics...
May 15, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497137/identification-of-two-novel-antioxidant-peptides-from-edible-bird-s-nest-aerodramus-fuciphagus-protein-hydrolysates
#5
Masomeh Ghassem, Keizo Arihara, Salimeh Mohammadi, Norrakiah Abdullah Sani, Abdul Salam Babji
Edible bird's nest (EBN) is widely consumed as a delicacy and traditional medicine amongst the Chinese. In the present study, for the first time, the antioxidant properties of an EBN pepsin-trypsin hydrolysate of the swiftlet species Aerodramus fuciphagus and its ultrafiltration fractions were investigated. Thirteen peptides with molecular weights between 514.29 and 954.52 Da were identified in the EBN fraction with the use of mass spectrometry. Two novel pentapeptides Pro-Phe-His-Pro-Tyr and Leu-Leu-Gly-Asp-Pro, corresponding to f134-138 and f164-168 of cytochrome b of A...
May 12, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494188/depletion-of-signal-recognition-particle-72kda-increases-radiosensitivity
#6
Remko Prevo, Gaganpreet S Tiwana, Timothy S Maughan, Francesca M Buffa, W Gillies McKenna, Geoff S Higgins
The identification of genetic determinants that underpin tumor radioresistance can help the development of targeted radiosensitizers or aid personalization of radiotherapy treatment. Here we identify signal recognition particle 72 kDa (SRP72) as a novel gene involved in radioresistance. Knockdown of SRP72 resulted in significant radiosensitization of HeLa (cervical), PSN-1 (pancreatic), and T24 (bladder), BT-549 (breast) and MCF7 (breast) tumor lines as measured by colony formation assays. SRP72 depletion also resulted in the radiosensitization of normal lung fibroblast cell lines (HFL1 and MRC-5), demonstrating that the effect is not restricted to tumor cells...
May 11, 2017: Cancer Biology & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476711/new-ellagic-acid-derivative-from-the-fruits-of-heat-tolerant-plant-conocarpus-lancifolius-engl-and-their-anti-inflammatory-cytotoxic-ppar-agonistic-activities
#7
Areej Mohammad Al-Taweel, Shagufta Perveen, Ghada Ahmed Fawzy, Rashad Mehmood, Afsar Khan, Shabana Iqrar Khan
Conocarpus lancifolius (Combretaceae), is distributed in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. It is a heat-tolerant Saudi medicinal plant, demonstrates prominent antidiabetic potential and the fruit extract fruits showed cytotoxicity against MRC-5 cancer cell line, as well as prominent antiprotozoal and antibacterial activities. The objective of this study is to isolate the compounds and evaluate the anti-inflammatory, cytotoxic, PPAR agonistic and antioxidant activities of extracts and pure constituents from C. lancifolius...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475279/nk-cells-generate-memory-type-responses-to-human-cytomegalovirus-infected-fibroblasts
#8
Nicholas Newhook, Neva Fudge, Michael Grant
Natural killer (NK) cells are cytotoxic lymphocytes that selectively respond against abnormal cells. Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection causes expansion of NKG2C(+) CD57(+) NK cells in vivo and NKG2C(+) NK cells proliferate when cultured with HCMV-infected cells. This raises the possibility of an NK-cell subset selectively responding against a specific pathogen and accruing memory. To test this possibility, we compared proliferation, natural cytotoxicity and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) production of NK cells from HCMV-seropositive and HCMV-seronegative individuals co-cultured with HCMV-infected or uninfected MRC-5 cells...
May 5, 2017: European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457274/cytotoxic-outcomes-of-orthodontic-bands-with-and-without-silver-solder-in-different-cell-lineages
#9
Letícia Spinelli Jacoby, Valnês da Silva Rodrigues Junior, Maria Martha Campos, Luciane Macedo de Menezes
INTRODUCTION: The safety of orthodontic materials is a matter of high interest. In this study, we aimed to assess the in-vitro cytotoxicity of orthodontic band extracts, with and without silver solder, by comparing the viability outcomes of the HaCat keratinocytes, the fibroblastic cell lineages HGF and MRC-5, and the kidney epithelial Vero cells. METHODS: Sterilized orthodontic bands with and without silver solder joints were added to culture media (6 cm(2)/mL) and incubated for 24 hours at 37°C under continuous agitation...
May 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433833/in-vitro-antitumor-activity-metal-uptake-and-reactivity-with-ascorbic-acid-and-bsa-of-some-gold-iii-complexes-with-n-n-ethylenediamine-bidentate-ester-ligands
#10
Nebojša Pantelić, Bojana B Zmejkovski, Branka Kolundžija, Marija Đorđić Crnogorac, Jelena M Vujić, Biljana Dojčinović, Srećko R Trifunović, Tatjana P Stanojković, Tibor J Sabo, Goran N Kaluđerović
Four novel gold(III) complexes of general formulae [AuCl2{(S,S)-R2eddl}]PF6 (R2eddl=O,O'-dialkyl-(S,S)-ethylenediamine-N,N'-di-2-(4-methyl)pentanoate, R=n-Pr, n-Bu, n-Pe, i-Bu; 1-4, respectively), were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, UV/Vis, IR, and NMR spectroscopy, as well as high resolution mass spectrometry. Density functional theory calculations pointed out that (R,R)-N,N'-configuration diastereoisomers were energetically the most favorable. Duo to high cytotoxic activity complex 3 was chosen for stability study in DMSO, no decomposition occurs within 24h, and for the reaction with ascorbic acid in which was reduced immediately...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408225/synthesis-of-isoflavene-thiosemicarbazone-hybrids-and-evaluation-of-their-anti-tumor-activity
#11
Eugene M H Yee, Miriam B Brandl, David StC Black, Orazio Vittorio, Naresh Kumar
Phenoxodiol is an isoflavene with potent anti-tumor activity. In this study, a series of novel mono- and di-substituted phenoxodiol-thiosemicarbazone hybrids were synthesized via the condensation reaction between phenoxodiol with thiosemicarbazides. The in vitro anti-proliferative activities of the hybrids were evaluated against the neuroblastoma SKN-BE(2)C, the triple negative breast cancer MDA-MB-231, and the glioblastoma U87 cancer cell lines. The mono-substituted hybrids exhibited potent anti-proliferative activity against all three cancer cell lines, while the di-substituted hybrids were less active...
April 3, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405259/a549-and-mrc-5-cell-aggregation-in-a-microfluidic-lab-on-a-chip-system
#12
A Zuchowska, E Jastrzebska, K Zukowski, M Chudy, A Dybko, Z Brzozka
In this paper, we present a culture of A549 and MRC-5 spheroids in a microfluidic system. The aim of our work was to develop a good lung cancer model for the evaluation of drug cytotoxicity. Our research was focused on determining the progress of cell aggregation depending on such factors as the depth of culture microwells in the microdevices, a different flow rate of the introduced cell suspensions, and the addition of collagen to cell suspensions. We showed that these factors had a significant influence on spheroid formation...
March 2017: Biomicrofluidics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403652/a-contribution-to-pharmaceutical-biology-of-freshwater-sponges
#13
Aleksandra Talevska, Boris Pejin, Vesna Kojic, Tanja Beric, Slavisa Stankovic
In vitro anti-tumour and anti-radical activities of the acetone extract of the freshwater sponge Ochridaspongia rotunda were the subject of this study. The extract was found to be highly cytotoxic to human lung tumour cell line A-549 reaching IC50 value of 5.01 ± 0.21 μg/mL. Indeed, it displayed only 2-fold less anti-tumour activity than doxorubicin (IC50 value 2.42 ± 0.13 μg/mL) used as a positive control. The same extract was also found to be almost 37-fold more selective against A-549 vs. MRC-5 (normal) lung cells, in difference to weak selectivity of doxorubicin (less than 3-fold)...
April 13, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393250/inhibition-of-varicella%C3%A2-zoster-virus-replication-by-an-ethanol-extract-of-lysimachia-mauritiana
#14
Sohee Bae, Yoon-Jae Song
Varicella‑zoster virus (VZV), a ubiquitous human α‑herpesvirus, is the causative agent of chickenpox and shingles. In the present study, we investigated the antiviral activity of a 70% ethanol extract of Lysimachia mauritiana (LME) against VZV. LME strongly interfered with the replication of both laboratory and clinical strains of VZV without affecting the viability of MRC‑5 cells. Moreover, LME treatment suppressed the expression of an essential viral transactivator, immediate‑early 62 protein (IE62), in addition to other lytic genes in the later phases of viral replication...
June 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370894/antrodia-camphorata-attenuates-cigarette-smoke-induced-ros-production-dna-damage-apoptosis-and-inflammation-in-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells-and-atherosclerosis-in-apoe-deficient-mice
#15
Hsin-Ling Yang, Mallikarjuna Korivi, Cheng-Hsien Chen, Wei-Jung Peng, Chee-Shan Chen, Mei-Ling Li, Li-Sung Hsu, Jiunn-Wang Liao, You-Cheng Hseu
Cigarette smoke exposure activates several cellular mechanisms predisposing to atherosclerosis, including oxidative stress, dyslipidemia, and vascular inflammation. Antrodia camphorata, a renowned medicinal mushroom in Taiwan, has been investigated for its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antiatherosclerotic properties in cigarette smoke extracts (CSE)-treated vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs), and ApoE-deficient mice. Fermented culture broth of Antrodia camphorata (AC, 200-800 µg/mL) possesses effective antioxidant activity against CSE-induced ROS production...
April 3, 2017: Environmental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366842/promising-anticancer-activity-of-cyclotrichium-niveum-l-extracts-through-induction-of-both-apoptosis-and-necrosis
#16
Aysun Özdemir, Metin Yildiz, Fatma Sezer Senol, Yaprak Dilber Şimay, Burçin Ibişoglu, Alper Gokbulut, Ilkay Erdogan Orhan, Mustafa Ark
In this study, cytotoxic effects of the dichloromethane, ethyl acetate, ethanol, and aqueous extracts of the aerial parts of Cyclotrichium niveum (Boiss.) Manden. & Scheng (Lamiaceae) were evaluated. We tested HeLa, MCF-7 cancer cells, and MRC-5 and MCF-10A normal cells. The ethyl acetate and dichloromethane extracts induced cytotoxicity whereas the ethanol and aqueous extracts had no cytotoxic activity against both cancer cells. IC50 values of the dichloromethane extract were 353.0 ± 84.30 μg/ml, 114...
March 30, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359304/determination-of-the-cell-permissiveness-spectrum-mode-of-rna-replication-and-rna-protein-interaction-of-zika-virus
#17
Wangheng Hou, Najealicka Armstrong, Lilian Akello Obwolo, Michael Thomas, Xiaowu Pang, Kevin S Jones, Qiyi Tang
BACKGROUND: Two lineages of Zika virus (ZIKV) have been classified according to the phylogenetic analysis: African and Asian lineages. It is unclear whether differences exist between the two strains in host cell permissiveness, this information is important for understanding viral pathogenesis and designing anti-viral strategies. METHODS: In the present study, we comparatively studied the permissive spectrum of human cells for both the African (MR766) and Asian strains (PRVABC59) using an RNA in situ hybridization (RISH) to visualize RNA replication, an immunofluorescence technology, and a western blot assay to determine viral protein production, and a real-time RT-PCR to examine viral RNA multiplication level...
March 31, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346792/effects-of-ifn-%C3%AE-on-cell-growth-and-the-expression-of-adam33-gene-in-human-embryonic-lung-mrc-5-fibroblasts-in-vitro
#18
Wenjing Li, Rongrong Liang, Huarong Huang, Baojing Wu, Yingqiang Zhong
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of interferon-γ (IFN-γ) on the proliferation and viability of human embryonic lung Mrc-5 fibroblasts in vitro and the expression of the A Disintegrin and Metalloprotease 33 (ADAM33) gene and to explore the mechanism of airway remodeling. METHODS: Mrc-5 fibroblasts were sensitized with Dermatophagoides farinae 1 (Derf1) in vitro to mimic in vivo conditions observed in bronchial asthma. An inverted fluorescence microscope was used to observe changes in cell morphology before and after treatment...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340770/a-novel-polyaniline-polypyrrole-graphene-oxide-fiber-for-the-determination-of-volatile-organic-compounds-in-headspace-gas-of-lung-cell-lines
#19
JingHong Li, Hui Xu
Exploration of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) generated by lung cell lines is a powerful and non-invasive tool for the detection of potential volatile biomarkers of lung cancer. In this study, a simple and sensitive solid phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (SPME-GC-MS) method was developed for the determination of VOCs in the headspace gas of lung cell lines. For the purpose of preconcentration, a novel polyaniline/polypyrrole/graphene oxide (PANI/PPy/GO) coating was prepared on the surface of stainless steel fiber via in-situ electrochemical deposition for the first time...
May 15, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297588/oncostatin-m-preconditioned-mesenchymal-stem-cells-alleviate-bleomycin-induced-pulmonary-fibrosis-through-paracrine-effects-of-the-hepatocyte-growth-factor
#20
Ying-Wei Lan, Si-Min Theng, Tsung-Teng Huang, Kong-Bung Choo, Chuan-Mu Chen, Han-Pin Kuo, Kowit-Yu Chong
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are widely considered for treatment of pulmonary fibrosis based on the anti-inflammatory, antifibrotic, antiapoptotic, and regenerative properties of the cells. Recently, elevated levels of oncostatin M (OSM) have been reported in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of a pulmonary fibrosis animal model and in patients. In this work, we aimed to prolong engrafted MSC survival and to enhance the effectiveness of pulmonary fibrosis transplantation therapy by using OSM-preconditioned MSCs...
March 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
keyword
keyword
84862
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"