Read by QxMD icon Read


Qi Cao, Zheng-Dao Mao, Yu-Jia Shi, Yi Chen, Yun Sun, Qian Zhang, Lei Song, Li-Ping Peng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of microRNA-7 (miR-7) on the proliferation, migration and invasion of non-small cell lung cancer NSCLC) cells by targeting FAK through ERK/MAPK signaling pathway. METHODS: NSCLC tissues and adjacent normal tissues were obtained from 160 NSCLC patients after operation. NSCLC cell lines (A549, H1299 and H1355) and a normal human fetal lung fibroblast cell line (MRC-5) were obtained. NSCLC cells were assigned into miR-7 inhibitors, miR-7 mimics, blank, miR-7 mimics control, miR-7 inhibitors control, FAK siRNA and miR-7 inhibitors + FAK siRNA groups...
October 15, 2016: Oncotarget
Bishnu Joshi, Sarah Hendrickx, Lila Bahadur Magar, Niranjan Parajuli, Pierre Dorny, Louis Maes
BACKGROUND: Nepal is very rich in biodiversity, and no extensive effort has yet been carried out to screen plants that are used by traditional healers against parasitic diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro antileishmanial and antimalarial activity of crude methanolic or ethanolic extracts of 29 plant species that are currently used by local people of Nepal for treating different ailments. METHODS: Crude extracts of leaves, twigs, aerial parts, and/or roots of the selected plants were evaluated for in vitro inhibitory activity against intracellular amastigotes of Leishmania infantum and against erythrocytic stages of Plasmodium falciparum...
September 2016: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
Jeannine Hess, Malay Patra, Abdul Jabbar, Vanessa Pierroz, Sandro Konatschnig, Bernhard Spingler, Stefano Ferrari, Robin B Gasser, Gilles Gasser
In this study, we present the design, synthesis, characterization and biological evaluation of structurally new ferrocenyl and ruthenocenyl derivatives of the organic anthelmintic monepantel (Zolvix(®)). All seven metallocenyl derivatives prepared (4a/b, 5a/b, 6a/b and 7) were isolated as racemates and characterized by (1)H, (13)C and (19)F NMR spectroscopies, mass spectrometry, IR spectroscopy and elemental microanalysis. The molecular structures of four compounds (4a/b, 6a and 7) were further confirmed by X-ray crystallography...
October 17, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Zhengxing Ge, Bo Li, Xun Zhou, Yi Yang, Jun Zhang
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is featured by aberrant extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition. Trigger of the β-catenin/RhoA pathway has been involved in aberrant ECM deposition in several diseases. We investigated WNT signaling activation in primary pulmonary fibroblasts of rats with and without COPD and the function of WNT signaling in pulmonary fibroblast. We evaluated the expression of WNT signaling and the role of β-catenin, using MRC-5 fibroblasts and primary lung fibroblasts of rats with and without COPD...
October 13, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Yueliang Zheng, Wenwei Cai, Shengang Zhou, Liming Xu, Chengxing Jiang
Our study aims to investigate the effects of bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) as well as the underlying mechanism. In our study, Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups: control group; ALI group; ALI+MSCs group and ALI+MSCs claudin-4 siRNA group. MRC-5 and BEAS-2B cell lines were used for in vitro assay. Flow cytometry, western blot, hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining, CCK-8 assay, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were involved to measure the pathological changes in lung tissues...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Rui Tostoes, John R Dodgson, Ben Weil, Spyridon Gerontas, Chris Mason, Farlan Veraitch
The cell therapy industry would greatly benefit from a simple point of care solution to remove dimethylsulphoxide (DMSO) from small-volume thawed cell suspensions before injection. A novel dead-end filtration device has been designed and validated, which takes advantage of the higher density of thawed cell suspensions to remove the DMSO and protein impurities from the cell suspension without fouling the filter membrane. The filter was designed to avoid fluid circuits and minimize the surface area that is contacted by the cell suspension, thus reducing cell losses by design...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
L Maes, J Beyers, A Mondelaers, M Van den Kerkhof, E Eberhardt, G Caljon, S Hendrickx
OBJECTIVES: Despite a continued search for novel antileishmanial drugs, treatment options remain restricted to a few standard drugs, e.g. antimonials, miltefosine, amphotericin B and paromomycin. Although these drugs have now been used for several decades, their mechanism of action still remains partly hypothetical and their dynamics of cidal action and time-to-kill are still poorly documented. METHODS: An in vitro time-to-kill assay on intracellular amastigotes of the laboratory reference strains Leishmania donovani (MHOM/ET/67/L82) and Leishmania infantum [MHOM/MA(BE)/67/ITMAP263] evaluated the cidal action dynamics of the listed reference drugs at three different concentrations: at IC50, 2 × IC50 and the near cytotoxic dose level (CC90: determined on MRC-5 cells)...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Xu Zhen, Wei Cheng Ng, Fendy, Yen Wah Tong, Yanjun Dai, Koon Gee Neoh, Chi-Hwa Wang
In Singapore, approximately 30t/day of carbon-based solid waste are produced from petrochemical processes. This carbon black waste has been shown to possess physical properties that are characteristic of a good adsorbent such as high external surface area. Therefore, there is a growing interest to reutilize and process this carbon black waste into secondary materials such as adsorbents. However, the carbon black waste obtained from petrochemical industries may contain heavy metals that are hazardous to human health and the environment, hence restricting its full potential for re-utilization...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
D Musuyu Muganza, B Fruth, J Lami Nzunzu, E Tuenter, K Foubert, P Cos, L Maes, R Cimanga Kanyanga, V Exarchou, S Apers, L Pieters
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The Nkundo people (Nkundo area of Bolongo, Mai-Ndombe district, Bandundu Province, DR Congo) use various plant parts of the tree Greenwayodendron suaveolens (Engl. & Diels) Verdc. (syn. Polyalthia suaveolens Engl. & Diels) (Annonaceae) against malaria, but its antiprotozoal constituents are not known. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The crude 80% ethanol extract from the fruits, leaves, root bark and stem bark and 16 fractions were assessed in vitro for their antiprotozoal activity against Trypanosoma brucei brucei, T...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Anne-Sophie Sikora, Charles Hellec, Mathieu Carpentier, Pierre Martinez, Maxime Delos, Agnès Denys, Fabrice Allain
Heparan sulfate (HS) 6-O-endosulfatases (Sulfs) have emerged recently as critical regulators of many physiological and pathological processes. By removing 6-O-sulfates from specific HS sequences, they modulate the activities of a variety of growth factors and morphogens, including fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-1. However, little is known about the functions of Sulfs in inflammation. Tumour-necrosis factor (TNF)-α plays an important role in regulating the behaviour of fibroblasts. In this study, we examined the effect of this inflammatory cytokine on the expression of Sulfs in human MRC-5 fibroblasts...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Mathias Schemmerer, Silke Apelt, Eva Trojnar, Rainer G Ulrich, Jürgen J Wenzel, Reimar Johne
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a human pathogen with increasing importance. The lack of efficient cell culture systems hampers systematic studies on its replication cycle, virus neutralization and inactivation. Here, several cell lines were inoculated with the HEV genotype 3c strain 47832c, previously isolated from a chronically infected transplant patient. At 14 days after inoculation the highest HEV genome copy numbers were found in A549 cells, followed by PLC/PRF/5 cells, whereas HepG2/C3A, Huh-7 Lunet BLR and MRC-5 cells only weakly supported virus replication...
2016: Viruses
Guillermo Schmeda-Hirschmann, Cristina Quispe, Gabriel Vargas Arana, Cristina Theoduloz, Félix A Urra, César Cárdenas
Little is known on the composition of Peruvian Amazon toad venoms. The large toad Rhinella marina is common in the cleared tropical forests of the Iquitos region and is regarded as poisonous. The venom from two different populations of R. marina was collected in the Departamento de Loreto, Perú. The samples were assessed for antiproliferative effect and composition. Some 29 compounds were identified or tentatively identified from the venom by spectroscopic and spectrometric means. The main free bufadienolide was marinobufagin 7 while marinobufotoxin 15 and bufalitoxin 9 were the main bufadienolide argininyl diacid derivatives...
October 2016: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
Ekaterini Velali, Eleni Papachristou, Anastasia Pantazaki, Theodora Choli-Papadopoulou, Nikoleta Argyrou, Theodora Tsourouktsoglou, Stergios Lialiaris, Alexandros Constantinidis, Dimitrios Lykidis, Thedore S Lialiaris, Athanasios Besis, Dimitra Voutsa, Constantini Samara
Three organic fractions of different polarity, including a non polar organic fraction (NPOF), a moderately polar organic fraction (MPOF), and a polar organic fraction (POF) were obtained from size-segregated (<0.49, 0.49-0.97, 0.97-3 and >3 μm) urban particulate matter (PM) samples, and tested for cytotoxicity and genotoxicity using a battery of in vitro assays. The cytotoxicity induced by the organic PM fractions was measured by the mitochondrial dehydrogenase (MTT) cell viability assay applied on MRC-5 human lung epithelial cells...
November 2016: Environmental Pollution
Ali Rashti, Hossein Yahyaei, Saman Firoozi, Sara Ramezani, Ali Rahiminejad, Roya Karimi, Khadijeh Farzaneh, Mohsen Mohseni, Hossein Ghanbari
Due to high biocompatibility, polyurethane has found many applications, particularly in development of biomedical devices. A new nanocomposite based on thermoset polyurethane and silica nanoparticles was synthesized using sol-gel method. Sol-gel process was fulfilled in two acidic and basic conditions by using tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) and trimethoxyisocyanatesilane as precursors. The hybrid films characterized for mechanical and surface properties using tensile strength, contact angle, ATR-FTIR and scanning electron microscopy...
December 1, 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Pengwei Dong, Thawatchai Maneerung, Wei Cheng Ng, Xu Zhen, Yanjun Dai, Yen Wah Tong, Yen-Peng Ting, Shin Nuo Koh, Chi-Hwa Wang, Koon Gee Neoh
In this work, carbon black waste - a hazardous solid residue generated from gasification of crude oil bottom in refineries - was successfully used for making an absorbent material. However, since the carbon black waste also contains significant amounts of heavy metals (especially nickel and vanadium), chemical leaching was first used to remove these hazardous impurities from the carbon black waste. Acid leaching with nitric acid was found to be a very effective method for removal of both nickel and vanadium from the carbon black waste (i...
August 28, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
V Tsiatouras, C N Banti, A M Grześkiewicz, G Rossos, N Kourkoumelis, M Kubicki, S K Hadjikakou
Direct reaction of copper(I) halides with triphenylstibine (tpSb) and 2-mercapto-thiazolidine (tzdtH) in 1:1:1 molar ratio, results in the formation of the [CuX(μ2-S)-tzdtH)(tpSb)]2 (X=Cl (1), Br (2) and I (3)) complexes. The complexes have been characterized by melting point, FT-IR, UV-vis, (1)H NMR spectroscopic data and X-ray crystallography. Complexes 1-3 are di-nuclear and they are the first examples of mixed metals (CuSb), mixed ligand (thioamide, stibine and halogen) containing complexes. Two μ2-S (1-3) atoms bridge the two copper(I) ions with tetrahedral geometry...
October 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Kasturi Muthoosamy, Ibrahim Babangida Abubakar, Renu Geetha Bai, Hwei-San Loh, Sivakumar Manickam
Metastasis of lung carcinoma to breast and vice versa accounts for one of the vast majority of cancer deaths. Synergistic treatments are proven to be the effective method to inhibit malignant cell proliferation. It is highly advantageous to use the minimum amount of a potent toxic drug, such as paclitaxel (Ptx) in ng/ml together with a natural and safe anticancer drug, curcumin (Cur) to reduce the systemic toxicity. However, both Cur and Ptx suffer from poor bioavailability. Herein, a drug delivery cargo was engineered by functionalizing reduced graphene oxide (G) with an amphiphilic polymer, PF-127 (P) by hydrophobic assembly...
2016: Scientific Reports
Kirsten Schneider-Ohrum, Corinne Cayatte, Yi Liu, Zhaoti Wang, Alivelu Irrinki, Floro Cataniag, Nga Nguyen, Stacie Lambert, Hui Liu, Shahin Aslam, Greg Duke, Michael P McCarthy, Louise McCormick
: With the goal of developing a virus-like particle-based vaccine based on dense bodies (DB) produced by human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infections, we evaluated scalable culture, isolation, and inactivation methods, and applied technically advanced assays to determine relative purity, composition, and immunogenicity of DB particles. Our results increase our understanding on the benefits and disadvantages of methods to recover immunogenic DB and inactivate contaminating viral particles. Our results indicate: 1) HCMV strain Towne replicates in MRC-5 fibroblasts grown on microcarriers, 2) DB particles recovered from 2-bromo-5,6-dichloro-1-beta-d-ribofuranosyl benzimidazole riboside (BDCRB)-treated cultures and purified by tangential flow filtration (TFF-DB) or glycerol tartrate gradient sedimentation (GT-DB) constitute 92% or 98%, respectively, of all particles in the final product, 3) epithelial cell trophic DB particles are recovered from a single round of coinfection by AD169 and Towne strain viruses, consistent with complementation between UL130 and UL131A expressed by these strains and restoration of gH/gL/UL128-UL131A (gH-pentamer), 4) equivalent neutralizing antibody titers are induced in mice following immunization with epithelial cell tropic DB or gH-pentamer-deficient DB preparations, 5) UV-inactivation of residual virus in GT-DB or TFF-DB preparations retained immunogenicity and induction of neutralizing antibody preventing epithelial cell entry, 6) GT-DB and TFF-DB induced cellular immune responses to multiple HCMV peptides...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Virology
Farideh Namvar, Susan Azizi, Heshu Sulaiman Rahman, Rosfarizan Mohamad, Abdullah Rasedee, Mozhgan Soltani, Raha Abdul Rahim
The study describes an in situ green biosynthesis of zinc oxide nanocomposite using the seaweed Sargassum muticum water extract and hyaluronan biopolymer. The morphology and optical properties of the hyaluronan/zinc oxide (HA/ZnO) nanocomposite were determined by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and ultraviolet-vis analysis. Electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis showed that the zinc oxide nanoparticles were polydispersed with a mean size of 10...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
Zahra Nouri, Fatemeh Karami, Nadia Neyazi, Mohammad Hossein Modarressi, Roya Karimi, Mohammad Reza Khorramizadeh, Behrooz Taheri, Elahe Motevaseli
OBJECTIVE: Lactobacilli are a group of probiotics with beneficial effects on prevention of cancer. However, there is scant data in relation with the impacts of probiotics in late-stage cancer progration, especially metastasis. The present original work was aimed to evaluate the anti-metastatic and anti-proliferative activity of lactobacillus rhamnosus supernatant (LRS) and lactobacillus crispatus supernatant (LCS) on the human cervical and colon adenocarcinoma cell lines (HeLa and HT-29, respectively)...
July 2016: Cell Journal
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"