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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447937/splenectomy-may-have-more-complications-than-currently-proven
#1
Somayeh Zakeri, Narjes Gorji, Marjan Akhtari, Reihaneh Moeini
The spleen has been one of the least understood major organs for centuries. Its significance is relatively well-known today but it seems that all aspects of its activities are not fully understood. Persian medicine (PM) has special views on the function of spleen; many side effects were reported in PM due to spleen dysfunction. On the other hand nowadays splenectomy as a treatment strategy is recommended for some disorders and increasing risk of infections is considered as the most important long term side effect of that...
March 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436792/wharton-s-jelly-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-isolation-and-characterization
#2
Hossein Ranjbaran, Saeid Abediankenari, Masoud Mohammadi, Narjes Jafari, Alireza Khalilian, Zahra Rahmani, Marzei Momeninezhad Amiri, Pirooz Ebrahimi
Wharton`s jelly-derived mesenchymal stem cells (WJ-MSCs), have a high proliferation valency and they do not produce teratogen or carcinogen after subsequent transplantation. They are known as regenerative medicine. Thus more research is needed on the isolation and characterization of mesenchymal stem cells. In this experimental study, we obtained Wharton's jelly tissues from mothers during normal vaginal delivery, after obtaining their informed consent. Mesenchymal stem cells were isolated from cultured Wharton`s jelly, cultured, and were then examined for their proliferation, immunophenotypes, and differentiation capacities...
January 2018: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435420/effect-of-curcumin-on-amyloid-like-aggregates-generated-from-methionine-oxidized-apolipoprotein-a-i
#3
Aparna Krishnamoorthy, Narjes Tavoosi, Gary K L Chan, Jianfang Liu, Gang Ren, Giorgio Cavigiolio, Robert O Ryan
Curcumin is a polyphenolic phytonutrient that has antineurodegenerative properties. In this study, we investigated the anti-amyloidogenic properties of curcumin. Following incubation with curcumin, intrinsic tryptophan fluorescence emission of apolipoprotein (apo) A-I was strongly quenched. At the same time, curcumin fluorescence emission was enhanced. The fluorescence emission spectra of curcumin in the presence of amyloid-like aggregates formed by methionine-oxidized (ox) apoA-I varied, depending on whether curcumin was added before, or after, aggregate formation...
February 2018: FEBS Open Bio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428668/immune-cells-involved-in-the-pathogenesis-of-ankylosing-spondylitis
#4
REVIEW
Alireza Rezaiemanesh, Mohsen Abdolmaleki, Kamal Abdolmohammadi, Hamideh Aghaei, Fatemeh Dadgar Pakdel, Yousef Fatahi, Narjes Soleimanifar, Mahdi Zavvar, Mohammad Hossein Nicknam
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is an inflammatory autoimmune disease. AS is a prototype form of spondyloarthropathies (SpA). The precise etiology of AS has not been fully understood. But Inflammation has a critical role in the pathogenesis of the disease. The immune system by various cells, secreted-mediators and markers manage and regulate the immune responses and inflammation. Every factor which disturbed this regulation and hemostasis can cause chronic inflammation. In this review, we discussed the role of several innate and adaptive immune cells involved in the triggering, initiation, development, and regulation of AS...
February 8, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410753/the-effects-of-fractional-co2-laser-nano-hydroxyapatite-and-mi-paste-on-mechanical-properties-of-bovine-enamel-after-bleaching
#5
Horieh Moosavi, Narjes Hakimi
Background: This study investigated the effect of post bleaching treatments to the change of enamel elastic modulus and microhardness after dental bleaching in- vitro. Material and Methods: Fifty bovine incisor slab were randomly assigned into five groups (n=10). The samples were bleached for three times; 20 minutes each time, by 40% hydrogen peroxide. Next it was applied fractional CO2 laser for two minutes, Nano- hydroxy apatite (N-HA) and MI-paste for 7 days and 2 minutes per day...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407906/theoretical-studies-of-the-second-step-of-the-nitric-oxide-synthase-reaction-electron-tunneling-prevents-uncoupling
#6
Igor Shamovsky, Graham Belfield, Richard Lewis, Frank Narjes, Lena Ripa, Christian Tyrchan, Lisa Öberg, Peter Sjö
Nitric oxide (NO·) is a messenger molecule with diverse physiological roles including host defense, neurotransmission and vascular function. The synthesis of NO· from l-arginine is catalyzed by NO-synthases and occurs in two steps through the intermediary Nω-hydroxy-l-arginine (NHA). In both steps the P450-like reaction cycle is coupled with the redox cycle of the cofactor tetrahydrobiopterin (H4B). The mechanism of the second step is studied by Density Functional Theory calculations to ascertain the canonical sequence of proton and electron transfer (PT and ET) events...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405996/familial-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-with-damaging-rare-germline-mutations-in-kcnj12-kcnj18-and-gprin2-genes
#7
Narjes Khalilipour, Ancha Baranova, Amir Jebelli, Alireza Heravi-Moussavi, Sergey Bruskin, Mohammad Reza Abbaszadegan
In Iran, esophageal cancer is the fourth common cancers in women and sixth common cancers in men. Here we evaluated the importance of familial risk factors and the role of genetic predisposition in Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma (ESCC) using Whole-Exome Sequencing (WES). Germline damaging mutations were identified in WES data from 9 probands of 9 unrelated ESCC pedigrees. Mutations were confirmed with Sanger sequencing and evaluated amplification-refractory mutation system-Polymerase Chain Reaction (ARMS-PCR) in 50 non-related ethnically matched samples and in complete genomics database...
February 2018: Cancer Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403587/ophthalmologic-findings-in-patients-with-neuro-metabolic-disorders
#8
Narjes Jafari, Karl Golnik, Mansoor Shahriari, Parvaneh Karimzadeh, Sayena Jabbehdari
Purpose: We aimed to present the ophthalmic manifestations of neuro-metabolic disorders. Methods: Patients who were diagnosed with neuro-metabolic disorders in the Neurology Department of Mofid Pediatric Hospital in Tehran, Iran, between 2004 and 2014 were included in this study. Disorders were confirmed using clinical findings, neuroimaging, laboratory data, and genomic analyses. All enrolled patients were assessed for ophthalmological abnormalities. Results: A total of 213 patients with 34 different neuro-metabolic disorders were included...
January 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399555/effect-of-daily-caper-fruit-pickle-consumption-on-disease-regression-in-patients-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-double-blinded-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Narjes Khavasi, Mohammad Hosein Somi, Ebrahim Khadem, Elnaz Faramarzi, Mohammad Hossein Ayati, Seyyed Muhammad Bagher Fazljou, Mohammadali Torbati
Purpose: Despite numerous studies on the effects of complementary medicine, to our knowledge, there is no study on the effects of Capparis spinosa on disease regression in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) patients. We compared the effects of caper fruit pickle consumption, as an Iranian traditional medicine product, on the anthropometric measures and biochemical parameters in different NAFLD patients. Methods: A 12-weeks randomized, controlled, double-blind trial was designed in 44 NAFLD patients randomly categorized for the control (n=22) or caper (n=22)...
December 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387312/digesters-in-traditional-persian-medicine
#10
REVIEW
Zeinab Mahmoudpour, Hoda Shirafkan, Morteza Mojahedi, Narjes Gorji, Seyyed Ali Mozaffarpur
Background: Functional gastrointestinal diseases are common in general populations and comprise more than 40% visits to gastroenterologists. Treatment options of gastrointestinal diseases have been limited. There are a few medications for functional gastrointestinal diseases and some of medications are not available in the market or in the place where the patient lives. Traditional Persian medicine (TPM) is a branch of alternative and traditional medicine based on individual viewpoint and humoral theory, focuses on lifestyle modification and uses natural products to manage the patients...
2018: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362626/comparative-study-on-adding-pioglitazone-or-sitagliptin-to-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-insufficiently-controlled-with-metformin
#11
Maryam Jameshorani, Saba Sayari, Narjes Kiahashemi, Nima Motamed
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is a progressive disorder that often requires combination therapy. AIM: This study aimed to compare and study of add-on sitagliptin versus pioglitazone in patients with type 2 diabetes inadequately controlled with metformin. METHODS: This 12-week, randomised, open-label and single centre study compared sitagliptin (100 mg daily, n = 80) and pioglitazone (30 mg daily, n = 80) in type 2 diabetic patients whose disease was not adequately controlled with metformin...
December 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334205/overexpression-of-endometrial-estrogen-receptor-alpha-in-the-window-of-implantation-in-women-with-unexplained-infertility
#12
Mehran Dorostghoal, Hamid-O-Allah Ghaffari, Farideh Marmazi, Narjes Keikhah
Background: Failure in the endometrial receptivity may account for a significant number of infertility cases including unexplained infertility in women. Reduction in the endometrial estrogen receptor-alpha (ER-α) expression during implantation may be a critical event that coincides with the expression of specific genes and the formation of a receptive endometrium. The aim of the present study was to assess the expression of ER-α in the mid-secretory phase in the endometrium of women with unexplained infertility...
April 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329042/assessment-of-the-efficacy-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-on-metabolic-and-inflammatory-parameters-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-taking-clozapine-and-sodium-valproate
#13
Fatemeh Behdani, Seyede Narjes Roudbaraki, Maryam Saberi-Karimian, Maryam Tayefi, Paria Hebrani, Amir Akhavanrezayat, Sadegh Vahabi Amlashi, Gordon A Ferns, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan
Omega-3 fatty acid (FA) supplementation has been reported to improve several cardio-metabolic risk factors. We aimed to assess the efficacy of omega-3 fatty acids on metabolic and inflammatory indices in patients with schizophrenia who were taking clozapine and sodium valproate. All patients were on a stable dose of 300-400mg of clozapine for 3 months. Subjects were randomized to treatment with either omega-3 fatty acid (4gr/day) or a placebo for 8 weeks. Height, weight, abdominal circumference, serum lipid profile, fasting blood glucose (FBG), and serum high sensitivity-C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) were determined at baseline and after 8 weeks of treatment...
December 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316938/placental-hypoxia-regulating-network-in-relation-to-birth-weight-and-ponderal-index-the-environage-birth-cohort-study
#14
Karen Vrijens, Maria Tsamou, Narjes Madhloum, Wilfried Gyselaers, Tim S Nawrot
BACKGROUND: HIF1α, miR-210 and its downstream targets ISCU, COX-10, RAD52 and PTEN are all part of the placental hypoxia-responsive network. Tight regulation of this network is required to prevent development of maternal-fetal complications such as fetal growth restriction. HIF1α expression is increased in preeclamptic placentae, but little is known about its association with birth weight in normal pregnancies. METHODS: We measured placental levels of HIF1α, miR-20a, miR-210, ISCU, COX-10, RAD52 and PTEN in 206 mother-newborn pairs of the ENVIRONAGE birth cohort...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280751/different-genotypes-of-adhesion-operon-genes-in-staphylococcus-epidermidis-isolates-from-various-ocular-infections
#15
Mehrnoush Sharifinejad, Narjes Shokatpour, Farshad Farnaghi, Zohreh Abedinyfar, Fahimeh Asadi Amoli, Farahnoosh Doustdar
BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus epidermidis is one of the common causes of bacterial keratitis and post-operation infections. One of the most important virulence factors of S. epidermidis is biofilm formation. Poly-N-acetylglucosamine (PNAG) production is critical for biofilm formation in S. epidermidis. The intercellular adhesion (ica) operon is formed by icaA, icaD, icaB, and icaC genes, which participate in the biosynthesis of PNAG. Strains of S. epidermidis from different infections show different genotypes in relation to adhesion operon genes...
December 26, 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214340/management-and-outcomes-of-treating-pediatric-medulloblastoma-an-eight-years-experience-in-an-iranian-pediatric-center
#16
Azim Mehrvar, Maryam Tashvighi, Amir Abbas Hedayati Asl, Naghmeh Niktoreh-Mofrad, Narjes Mehrvar, Negar Afsar, Ali Naderi, Mardawig Allebouyeh, Ibrahim Qaddoumi, Mohammad Faranoush
PURPOSE: The clinical management of pediatric medulloblastoma requires a multidisciplinary approach, which can be challenging, especially in low- and middle-income countries. The aim of this study was to identify current challenges and describe the treatment and outcomes of Iranian pediatric patients with medulloblastoma who were referred to our center in Tehran, Iran. METHODS: Our retrospective review included 126 patient records from April 2007 to May 2015. The records were analyzed for epidemiologic features, treatment modalities, overall survival, and progression-free survival...
December 6, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208493/almond-hazelnut-and-walnut-three-nuts-for-neuroprotection-in-alzheimer-s-disease-a-neuropharmacological-review-of-their-bioactive-constituents
#17
REVIEW
Narjes Gorji, Reihaneh Moeini, Zahra Memariani
An increase in the prevalence of Alzheimer's disease (AD) as a multifactorial neurodegenerative disorder is an almost obvious issue in the world. Researches on natural products for finding effective drugs to prevent the disease are in progress. There is special attention to the three types of nuts including almond, hazelnut and walnut in manuscripts of traditional Persian medicine (PM) as the preventive agents against brainatrophy and memory loss. The purpose of this study is a pharmacological review of their bioactive constituents and introducing the value of these nuts as the effective supplements and natural medicinal foods in AD patients...
December 5, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190604/metabolic-response-to-mulberry-extract-supplementation-in-patients-with-diabetic-nephropathy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Mohsen Taghizadeh, Alireza Soleimani, Fereshteh Bahmani, Alireza Moravveji, Amir Asadi, Elahe Amirani, Narjes Farzin, Nasrin Sharifi, Afshin Naseri, Majid Dastorani, Zatollah Asemi
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of mulberry extract administration on markers of insulin metabolism, lipid concentrations, and biomarkers of inflammation and oxidative stress in patients with diabetic nephropathy (DN). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty patients were randomly allocated into 2 groups to receive either 300 mg/d of mulberry extract (n = 30) or placebo (n = 30), twice per day for 12 weeks. Fasting blood samples were taken at the onset of the study and 12 weeks after supplementation to examine markers of insulin metabolism, lipid concentrations, and biomarkers of inflammation and oxidative stress...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156426/theory-of-mind-and-schizophrenia-in-young-and-middle-aged-patients-influence-of-executive-functions
#19
Marta Croca, Aurèlie Lagodka, Remi Gadel, Marie Chantal Bourdel, Narjes Bendjemaa, Raphael Gaillard, Jean Pierre Olié, M Champagne-Lavau, Marie Odile Krebs, Isabelle Amado
Theory of Mind (ToM) is compromised in schizophrenia, and responsible for social disability. We aim to study the correlation between ToM deficits and Executive Functions (EF), using the Faux Pas Test (FPT) for ToM evaluation, Behavioral Assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome (BADS) and Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) for EF assessment. Two groups of patients with schizophrenia were included: 22 young (18-35 years-old) and 18 middle-aged (>50 years-old) Patients, compared to age-matched Controls. We found worst FPT performances in both groups of patients, but with a more generalized pattern of dysfunction in the middle-aged patient group...
November 17, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154410/predicting-success-of-methotrexate-treatment-by-pretreatment-hcg-level-and-24-hour-hcg-increment
#20
Gabriel Levin, Narjes A Saleh, Rani Haj-Yahya, Liat S Matan, Benshushan Avi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-HCG) level and its 24-hour increment as predictors of successful methotrexate treatment for ectopic pregnancy. METHODS: Data were retrospectively reviewed from women with ectopic pregnancy who were treated by single-dose methotrexate (50 mg/m 2 ) at a university hospital in Jerusalem, Israel, between January 1, 2000, and June 30, 2015. Serum β-HCG before treatment and its percentage increment in the 24 hours before treatment were compared between treatment success and failure groups...
November 20, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
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