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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101472/the-effects-of-hypoxia-on-u937-cell-line-in-mesenchymal-stem-cells-co-culture-system
#1
Mostafa Ejtehadifar, Karim Shamsasenjan, Parvin Akbarzadehlaleh, Sarah Zahedi, Narjes Kazemi
Purpose: Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) are the most important members of Bone Marrow (BM) milieu. MSCs affect different kinds of cells, particularly malignant cells of hematologic malignancies, but the effects of MSCs are unclear exactly. Here we analyzed the effects of derived Umbilical Cord Blood-MSCs on proliferation, cell death and some surface markers of U937 cell line in a Co-culture system with MSCs. Methods: Here we designed Co-culture systems as a model of BM milieu. We cultured U937 cells on UCB-MSCs and MSCs Conditioned Medium (C...
December 2016: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089960/cohort-profile-the-environmental-influence-on-early-ageing-environage-a-birth-cohort-study
#2
Bram G Janssen, Narjes Madlhoum, Wilfried Gyselaers, Esmée Bijnens, Diana B Clemente, Bianca Cox, Janneke Hogervorst, Leen Luyten, Dries S Martens, Martien Peusens, Michelle Plusquin, Eline B Provost, Harry A Roels, Nelly D Saenen, Maria Tsamou, Annette Vriens, Ellen Winckelmans, Karen Vrijens, Tim S Nawrot
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089135/phenotypic-continuum-between-autism-and-schizophrenia-evidence-from-the-movie-for-the-assessment-of-social-cognition-masc
#3
Gilles Martinez, Charlotte Alexandre, Célia Mam-Lam-Fook, Narjes Bendjemaa, Raphaël Gaillard, Patricia Garel, Isabel Dziobek, Isabelle Amado, Marie-Odile Krebs
Schizophrenic (SCZ) and autism (ASD) spectrum disorders share several features including social cognition impairments. In SCZ, the link between symptomatic dimensions and social cognition deficits remains unclear. The Movie for the Assessment of Social Cognition (MASC) test, available in several languages including English, investigates mental state attribution capabilities in complex interpersonal situations. After its translation into French, we used MASC to direct compare social cognition in 36 young participants with SCZ to 19 with ASD and 20 healthy controls (HC) matched for gender, age (18-25y...
January 11, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070252/study-of-functional-vulnerability-status-of-tehran-hospitals-in-dealing-with-natural-disasters
#4
Batol Ahmadi, Abbas Rahimi Foroushani, Narjes Tanha, Amjad Mohamadi Bolban Abad, Heshmatollah Asadi
INTRODUCTION: At the time of disasters, hospitals are considered as one of the most important facilities which should provide emergency services continuously. The purpose of this study was to determine the functional vulnerability of Tehran hospitals in dealing with natural disasters. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in educational hospitals of Tehran University of Medical Science (TUMS), in 2013. Of all 26 hospitals, 12 hospitals were selected through single-stage cluster sampling, including six general (Shariati, Amiralam, Sina, Imam, Hazrat Rasoul, Baharlou) and six specialized (Bahrami, Hazrat-e Aliasghar, Shahid rajaie, Roozbeh, Moheb yas, Children Medical Center) hospitals...
November 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045677/vitamin-d-affects-glucocorticoid-action-in-target-cells
#5
EDITORIAL
Eva Kassi, Narjes Nasiri-Ansari, Athanasios G Papavassiliou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 16, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008384/circulating-cytokeratin-positive-cells-and-tumor-budding-in-colorectal-cancer
#6
Bruno Märkl, Narjes Wilhelms, Matthias Anthuber, Gerhard Schenkirsch, Günter Schlimok, Daniel Oruzio
AIM: To investigate whether circulating cytokeratin-positive (CK(+)) cells in the mesenteric blood of resected colorectal specimens are prognostic and correlate with tumor budding. METHODS: Fifty-six colorectal specimens were collected between 9/2007 and 7/2008. Blood from the mesenteric vein was drawn immediately after receiving the fresh and unfixed specimens in the pathology department. After separation of the mononuclear cells by Ficoll-Hypaque density-gradient centrifugation, cytological smears were immunocytochemically stained for CK18...
December 10, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994261/use-of-cardiopulmonary-bypass-for-management-of-massive-air-embolism-during-hysteroscopic-metroplasty
#7
Ahmad Ali Amirghofran, Narjes Nick, Mina Amiri, Rahim Hemmati
The patient was a 32-year-old woman who presented with infertility secondary to uterine didelphys. Hysteroscopic metroplasty was chosen as the corrective surgical procedure for this anatomical defect. During the surgical repair, the patient developed a massive air embolism (MAE) leading to hypotension, arrhythmia, and cardiogenic shock. Resuscitation was started by placing the patient in the right-side up position, and emplacement of central venous catheter, but it was unsuccessful. The decision was then made to bypass the patient's cardiopulmonary system to effectively treat the MAE...
December 2016: Journal of Extra-corporeal Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929096/enhancing-steel-properties-through-in-situ-formation-of-ultrahard-ceramic-surface
#8
Farshid Pahlevani, Rahul Kumar, Narjes Gorjizadeh, Rumana Hossain, Sagar T Cholake, Karen Privat, Veena Sahajwalla
Abrasion and corrosion resistant steel has attracted considerable interest for industrial application as a means of minimising the costs associated with product/component failures and/or short replacement cycles. These classes of steels contain alloying elements that increase their resistance to abrasion and corrosion. Their benefits, however, currently come at a potentially prohibitive cost; such high performance steel products are both more technically challenging and more expensive to produce. Although these methods have proven effective in improving the performance of more expensive, high-grade steel components, they are not economically viable for relatively low cost steel products...
December 8, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924658/the-relationship-between-functional-ovarian-cysts-and-vitamin-a-vitamin-e-and-folate-intake
#9
Mahin Tafazoli, Elham Fazeli, Mohsen Nematy, Narjes Bahri, Salmeh Dadgar
This study aimed to clarify the relationship between functional ovarian cysts and vitamin A, vitamin E, and folate intake. This case-control study evaluated 265 women of reproductive age who presented at gynaecology clinics of three hospitals in Mashhad, Iran. While women in the ovarian cyst group [n = 132] had functional ovarian cysts, control group [n = 133] consisted of women without functional ovarian cysts. The participants' vitamin A, vitamin E, and folate intake was assessed using the Food Frequency Questionnaire...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847695/combined-ketamine-tramadol-subcutaneous-wound-infiltration-for-multimodal-postoperative-analgesia-a-double-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial-after-renal-surgery
#10
Mohammad Reza Khajavi, Marzieh Navardi, Reza Shariat Moharari, Pejman Pourfakhr, Narjes Khalili, Farhad Etezadi, Farsad Imani
BACKGROUND: Pain is an important consideration after renal surgery. A multimodal approach to postoperative pain management could enhance analgesia by risking fewer side effects after surgery. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of the subcutaneous infiltration of ketamine and tramadol at the incision site to reduce postoperative pain. METHODS: Sixty-four patients between 18 and 80 years old who were scheduled for elective renal surgery were enrolled in a double-blind randomized controlled study...
October 2016: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814242/neonatal-cord-blood-oxylipins-and-exposure-to-particulate-matter-in-the-early-life-environment-an-environage-birth-cohort-study
#11
Dries S Martens, Sandra Gouveia, Narjes Madhloum, Bram G Janssen, Michelle Plusquin, Charlotte Vanpoucke, Wouter Lefebvre, Bertil Forsberg, Malin Nording, Tim S Nawrot
BACKGROUND: As part of the lipidome, oxylipins are bioactive lipid compounds originating from oxidation of different fatty acids. Oxylipins could provide a new target in the developmental origins model or the ability of early life exposure to change biology. OBJECTIVES: We studied the association between in utero PM2.5 (particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter <2.5µm) exposure and oxylipin profiles in newborns. METHODS: Thirty-seven oxylipins reflecting the cyclooxygenase (COX), lipoxygenase (5-LOX and 12/15-LOX) and cytochrome P450 (CYP) pathways were assayed in 197 cord blood plasma samples from the ENVIRONAGE birth cohort...
November 4, 2016: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797271/histological-evaluation-of-follicular-delivery-of-arginine-via-nanostructured-lipid-carriers-a-novel-potential-approach-for-the-treatment-of-alopecia
#12
Seyedeh Narjes Yazdani-Arazi, Saeed Ghanbarzadeh, Khosro Adibkia, Maryam Kouhsoltani, Hamed Hamishehkar
The use of lipidic nanoparticles can overcome the limitations of skin penetration of hydrophilic charged materials. Oleic acid as an ion pairing agent was used to enhance the encapsulation of positively charged arginine into lipophilic nanostructured lipid carrier (NLC). Histological study on the male hamsters was performed to assess the efficiency of drug delivery on hair growth. The accumulation of NLCs in the hair follicles was verified and in vivo studies showed more new hair follicle growth by utilizing arginine-loaded NLCs than arginine aqueous solution...
October 31, 2016: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790351/predictors-of-prenatal-empowerment-among-iranian-pregnant-women
#13
Narjes Sadat Borghei, Ali Taghipour, Robab Latifnejad Roudsari, Afsaneh Keramat, Hadi Jabbari Noghabi
INTRODUCTION: Considering that empowering expectant mothers is an important issue to maintain a healthy pregnancy, this study was conducted to evaluate the predictors of empowerment among Iranian pregnant women. METHODS: This cross sectional study was conducted in Golestan, North of Iran in 2015. A total number of 161 pregnant women were selected through random cluster sampling from urban health centers, using PASS software. The socio-political, educational, and mental-financial predictors of empowerment were measured using a self-structured questionnaire during pregnancy and was analyzed by a linear regression model using SPSS version 16...
September 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771669/ultrasonographic-confirmation-of-endotracheal-tube-position-in-neonates
#14
Khadijehsadat Najib, Narjes Pishva, Hamid Amoozegar, Parisa Pishdad, Ebrahim Fallahzadeh
OBJECTIVE: To compare endotracheal tube tip-to-carina distance obtained by ultrasonography vs. that obtained by chest X-ray in neonates. METHODS: After endotracheal intubation of 40 neonates, chest X-ray and, within one hour, ultrasonography was obtained for each patient for measurement of endotracheal tube tip-to-carina distance. RESULTS: Means of endotracheal tube tip-to-carina distances were not significantly different by both modalities (mean difference 0...
October 8, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770667/altered-cortical-processing-of-motor-inhibition-in-schizophrenia
#15
Påvel G Lindberg, Maxime Térémetz, Sylvain Charron, Oussama Kebir, Agathe Saby, Narjes Bendjemaa, Stéphanie Lion, Benoît Crépon, Raphaël Gaillard, Catherine Oppenheim, Marie-Odile Krebs, Isabelle Amado
Inhibition is considered a key mechanism in schizophrenia. Short-latency intracortical inhibition (SICI) in the motor cortex is reduced in schizophrenia and is considered to reflect locally deficient γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-ergic modulation. However, it remains unclear how SICI is modulated during motor inhibition and how it relates to neural processing in other cortical areas. Here we studied motor inhibition Stop signal task (SST) in stabilized patients with schizophrenia (N = 28), healthy siblings (N = 21) and healthy controls (n = 31) matched in general cognitive status and educational level...
September 30, 2016: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713897/psychological-empowerment-model-in-iranian-pregnant-women
#16
Ali Taghipour, Narjes Sadat Borghei, Robab Latifnejad Roudsari, Afsaneh Keramat, Hadi Jabbari Nooghabi
BACKGROUND: Women's empowerment programs during pregnancy focus primarily on increasing women's health goals and psychological empowerment has been considered important in most issues related to pregnant mothers' mental health. Using path analysis, this study aims to examine the direct and indirect components of psychological empowerment of pregnant mothers. METHODS: This model-testing study was conducted in Gorgan, northwest of Iran during three months in spring of 2015...
2016: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683647/the-effect-of-educational-programs-based-on-the-theory-of-planned-behavior-on-parental-supervision-in-students-television-watching
#17
Mahdi Moshki, Ali Delshad Noghabi, Fatemeh Darabi, Hossein Safari Palangi, Narjes Bahri
BACKGROUND: Excessive and uncontrolled television watching by children predisposes them to some risks such as developmental, social and psychological disorders. Parents play an important role in nurturing their children and controlling the factors affecting their health. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of health education programs on parents' supervision skills to control their children's television watching habits based on the theory of planned behavior. METHODS: One hundred twenty parents of the students at the first and fifth grades of primary school were randomly divided into an intervention and a control group...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670235/conscious-and-unconscious-performance-monitoring-evidence-from-patients-with-schizophrenia
#18
Lucie Charles, Raphaël Gaillard, Isabelle Amado, Marie-Odile Krebs, Narjes Bendjemaa, Stanislas Dehaene
The ability to detect our own errors is an essential component of action monitoring. Using a masking paradigm in normal adults, we recently discovered that some error-detection processes can proceed without awareness, while other markers of performance monitoring such as the Error-Related Negativity (ERN) are tightly linked to conscious perception. Interestingly, research on cognitive deficit in schizophrenia has shown that the ERN is altered in these patients. In the present study, we therefore tested if the error detection impairment in schizophrenia is specific to conscious perception or is also found under non-conscious conditions, probing whether these performance monitoring processes are truly distinct...
January 1, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648178/population-attributable-fraction-of-modifiable-risk-factors-for-alzheimer-disease-a-systematic-review-of-systematic-reviews
#19
Narjes Hazar, Leila Seddigh, Zahra Rampisheh, Marzieh Nojomi
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common type of dementia. Demonstrating the modifiable risk factors of AD can help to plan for prevention of this disease. The aim of the current review was to characterize modifiable cardiovascular risk factors of AD using existing data and determine their contribution in AD development in Iran and the world. METHODS: The systematic search was done in Medline, Scopus, and Cochrane databases from inception to May 2014 to find systematic reviews or meta-analyses about association between AD and cardiovascular modifiable risk factors included diabetes, hypertension (HTN), physical inactivity, smoking, hypercholesterolemia, and overweight and obesity...
July 6, 2016: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639418/saccadic-eye-movements-as-markers-of-schizophrenia-spectrum-exploration-in-at-risk-mental-states
#20
Simona Caldani, Maria Pia Bucci, Jean-Charles Lamy, Magali Seassau, Narjes Bendjemaa, Rémi Gadel, Raphael Gaillard, Marie-Odile Krebs, Isabelle Amado
Schizophrenia is a neurodevelopmental disease with cognitive and motor impairments. Motor dysfunctions, such as eye movements or Neurological Soft Signs (NSS), are proposed as endophenotypic markers. Antisaccade (AS) and memory-guided saccades (MGS), two markers of inhibitory control mechanism, are altered in both patients with schizophrenia and their relatives, although these tools may have different sensitivities. Recently, emphasis has been put on identifying markers predictive of psychosis transition in subjects with ultra-high-risk psychosis in order to develop targeted prevention...
September 14, 2016: Schizophrenia Research
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