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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847695/combined-ketamine-tramadol-subcutaneous-wound-infiltration-for-multimodal-postoperative-analgesia-a-double-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial-after-renal-surgery
#1
Mohammad Reza Khajavi, Marzieh Navardi, Reza Shariat Moharari, Pejman Pourfakhr, Narjes Khalili, Farhad Etezadi, Farsad Imani
BACKGROUND: Pain is an important consideration after renal surgery. A multimodal approach to postoperative pain management could enhance analgesia by risking fewer side effects after surgery. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of the subcutaneous infiltration of ketamine and tramadol at the incision site to reduce postoperative pain. METHODS: Sixty-four patients between 18 and 80 years old who were scheduled for elective renal surgery were enrolled in a double-blind randomized controlled study...
October 2016: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814242/neonatal-cord-blood-oxylipins-and-exposure-to-particulate-matter-in-the-early-life-environment-an-environage-birth-cohort-study
#2
Dries S Martens, Sandra Gouveia, Narjes Madhloum, Bram G Janssen, Michelle Plusquin, Charlotte Vanpoucke, Wouter Lefebvre, Bertil Forsberg, Malin Nording, Tim S Nawrot
BACKGROUND: As part of the lipidome, oxylipins are bioactive lipid compounds originating from oxidation of different fatty acids. Oxylipins could provide a new target in the developmental origins model or the ability of early life exposure to change biology. OBJECTIVES: We studied the association between in utero PM2.5 (particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter <2.5µm) exposure and oxylipin profiles in newborns. METHODS: Thirty-seven oxylipins reflecting the cyclooxygenase (COX), lipoxygenase (5-LOX and 12/15-LOX) and cytochrome P450 (CYP) pathways were assayed in 197 cord blood plasma samples from the ENVIRONAGE birth cohort...
November 4, 2016: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797271/histological-evaluation-of-follicular-delivery-of-arginine-via-nanostructured-lipid-carriers-a-novel-potential-approach-for-the-treatment-of-alopecia
#3
Seyedeh Narjes Yazdani-Arazi, Saeed Ghanbarzadeh, Khosro Adibkia, Maryam Kouhsoltani, Hamed Hamishehkar
The use of lipidic nanoparticles can overcome the limitations of skin penetration of hydrophilic charged materials. Oleic acid as an ion pairing agent was used to enhance the encapsulation of positively charged arginine into lipophilic nanostructured lipid carrier (NLC). Histological study on the male hamsters was performed to assess the efficiency of drug delivery on hair growth. The accumulation of NLCs in the hair follicles was verified and in vivo studies showed more new hair follicle growth by utilizing arginine-loaded NLCs than arginine aqueous solution...
October 31, 2016: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790351/predictors-of-prenatal-empowerment-among-iranian-pregnant-women
#4
Narjes Sadat Borghei, Ali Taghipour, Robab Latifnejad Roudsari, Afsaneh Keramat, Hadi Jabbari Noghabi
INTRODUCTION: Considering that empowering expectant mothers is an important issue to maintain a healthy pregnancy, this study was conducted to evaluate the predictors of empowerment among Iranian pregnant women. METHODS: This cross sectional study was conducted in Golestan, North of Iran in 2015. A total number of 161 pregnant women were selected through random cluster sampling from urban health centers, using PASS software. The socio-political, educational, and mental-financial predictors of empowerment were measured using a self-structured questionnaire during pregnancy and was analyzed by a linear regression model using SPSS version 16...
September 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771669/ultrasonographic-confirmation-of-endotracheal-tube-position-in-neonates
#5
Khadijehsadat Najib, Narjes Pishva, Hamid Amoozegar, Parisa Pishdad, Ebrahim Fallahzadeh
OBJECTIVE: To compare endotracheal tube tip-to-carina distance obtained by ultrasonography vs. that obtained by chest X-ray in neonates. METHODS: After endotracheal intubation of 40 neonates, chest X-ray and, within one hour, ultrasonography was obtained for each patient for measurement of endotracheal tube tip-to-carina distance. RESULTS: Means of endotracheal tube tip-to-carina distances were not significantly different by both modalities (mean difference 0...
October 8, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770667/altered-cortical-processing-of-motor-inhibition-in-schizophrenia
#6
Påvel G Lindberg, Maxime Térémetz, Sylvain Charron, Oussama Kebir, Agathe Saby, Narjes Bendjemaa, Stéphanie Lion, Benoît Crépon, Raphaël Gaillard, Catherine Oppenheim, Marie-Odile Krebs, Isabelle Amado
Inhibition is considered a key mechanism in schizophrenia. Short-latency intracortical inhibition (SICI) in the motor cortex is reduced in schizophrenia and is considered to reflect locally deficient γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-ergic modulation. However, it remains unclear how SICI is modulated during motor inhibition and how it relates to neural processing in other cortical areas. Here we studied motor inhibition Stop signal task (SST) in stabilized patients with schizophrenia (N = 28), healthy siblings (N = 21) and healthy controls (n = 31) matched in general cognitive status and educational level...
September 30, 2016: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713897/psychological-empowerment-model-in-iranian-pregnant-women
#7
Ali Taghipour, Narjes Sadat Borghei, Robab Latifnejad Roudsari, Afsaneh Keramat, Hadi Jabbari Nooghabi
BACKGROUND: Women's empowerment programs during pregnancy focus primarily on increasing women's health goals and psychological empowerment has been considered important in most issues related to pregnant mothers' mental health. Using path analysis, this study aims to examine the direct and indirect components of psychological empowerment of pregnant mothers. METHODS: This model-testing study was conducted in Gorgan, northwest of Iran during three months in spring of 2015...
October 2016: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683647/the-effect-of-educational-programs-based-on-the-theory-of-planned-behavior-on-parental-supervision-in-students-television-watching
#8
Mahdi Moshki, Ali Delshad Noghabi, Fatemeh Darabi, Hossein Safari Palangi, Narjes Bahri
BACKGROUND: Excessive and uncontrolled television watching by children predisposes them to some risks such as developmental, social and psychological disorders. Parents play an important role in nurturing their children and controlling the factors affecting their health. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of health education programs on parents' supervision skills to control their children's television watching habits based on the theory of planned behavior. METHODS: One hundred twenty parents of the students at the first and fifth grades of primary school were randomly divided into an intervention and a control group...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670235/conscious-and-unconscious-performance-monitoring-evidence-from-patients-with-schizophrenia
#9
Lucie Charles, Raphaël Gaillard, Isabelle Amado, Marie-Odile Krebs, Narjes Bendjemaa, Stanislas Dehaene
The ability to detect our own errors is an essential component of action monitoring. Using a masking paradigm in normal adults, we recently discovered that some error-detection processes can proceed without awareness, while other markers of performance monitoring such as the Error-Related Negativity (ERN) are tightly linked to conscious perception. Interestingly, research on cognitive deficit in schizophrenia has shown that the ERN is altered in these patients. In the present study, we therefore tested if the error detection impairment in schizophrenia is specific to conscious perception or is also found under non-conscious conditions, probing whether these performance monitoring processes are truly distinct...
September 23, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648178/population-attributable-fraction-of-modifiable-risk-factors-for-alzheimer-disease-a-systematic-review-of-systematic-reviews
#10
Narjes Hazar, Leila Seddigh, Zahra Rampisheh, Marzieh Nojomi
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common type of dementia. Demonstrating the modifiable risk factors of AD can help to plan for prevention of this disease. The aim of the current review was to characterize modifiable cardiovascular risk factors of AD using existing data and determine their contribution in AD development in Iran and the world. METHODS: The systematic search was done in Medline, Scopus, and Cochrane databases from inception to May 2014 to find systematic reviews or meta-analyses about association between AD and cardiovascular modifiable risk factors included diabetes, hypertension (HTN), physical inactivity, smoking, hypercholesterolemia, and overweight and obesity...
July 6, 2016: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639418/saccadic-eye-movements-as-markers-of-schizophrenia-spectrum-exploration-in-at-risk-mental-states
#11
Simona Caldani, Maria Pia Bucci, Jean-Charles Lamy, Magali Seassau, Narjes Bendjemaa, Rémi Gadel, Raphael Gaillard, Marie-Odile Krebs, Isabelle Amado
Schizophrenia is a neurodevelopmental disease with cognitive and motor impairments. Motor dysfunctions, such as eye movements or Neurological Soft Signs (NSS), are proposed as endophenotypic markers. Antisaccade (AS) and memory-guided saccades (MGS), two markers of inhibitory control mechanism, are altered in both patients with schizophrenia and their relatives, although these tools may have different sensitivities. Recently, emphasis has been put on identifying markers predictive of psychosis transition in subjects with ultra-high-risk psychosis in order to develop targeted prevention...
September 14, 2016: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628006/anticoagulation-therapy-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#12
Fatemeh Saheb Sharif-Askari, Syed Azhar Syed Sulaiman, Narjes Saheb Sharif-Askari
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at increased risk for both thrombotic events and bleeding. The early stages of CKD are mainly associated with prothrombotic tendency, whereas in its more advanced stages, beside the prothrombotic state, platelets can become dysfunctional due to uremic-related toxin exposure leading to an increased bleeding tendency. Patients with CKD usually require anticoagulation therapy for treatment or prevention of thromboembolic diseases. However, this benefit could easily be offset by the risk of anticoagulant-induced bleeding...
September 15, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626135/-adopting-self-sacrifice-how-iranian-women-cope-with-the-sexual-problems-during-the-menopausal-transition-an-exploratory-qualitative-study
#13
Narjes Bahri, Robab Latifnejad Roudsari, Mozhgan Azimi Hashemi
OBJECTIVE: In the menopausal transition sexual problems are an important issue and one of the most frequently presented health concerns of women attending menopause clinics. This study aimed to explore the ways of managing sexual dysfunctions during the menopausal transition among Iranian women. METHODS: This exploratory qualitative study was conducted in Iran, from May 2013 to April 2015. Twenty-one women in three stages of menopausal transition, aged 42-55 years old, were purposively selected from urban health centers in Mashhad and Gonabad, Iran...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623605/fetal-thyroid-function-birth-weight-and-in-utero-exposure-to-fine-particle-air-pollution-a-birth-cohort-study
#14
Bram G Janssen, Nelly D Saenen, Harry A Roels, Narjes Madhloum, Wilfried Gyselaers, Wouter Lefebvre, Joris Penders, Charlotte Vanpoucke, Karen Vrijens, Tim S Nawrot
BACKGROUND: Thyroid hormones are critical for fetal development and growth. Whether prenatal exposure to fine particle air pollution (PM2.5) affects fetal thyroid function and what the impact is on birth weight in normal healthy pregnancies is not studied yet. OBJECTIVES: To study the impact of third trimester PM2.5 exposure on fetal and maternal thyroid hormones and their mediating role on birth weight. METHODS: We measured the levels of free thyroid hormones (FT3, FT4) and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) in cord blood (n = 499) and maternal blood (n = 431) collected after delivery from mother-child pairs enrolled between February 2010 and June 2014 in the ENVIRONAGE birth cohort with catchment area in the province of Limburg, Belgium...
September 13, 2016: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610173/negative-correlation-between-serum-s100b-and-leptin-levels-in-schizophrenic-patients-during-treatment-with-clozapine-and-risperidone-preliminary-evidence
#15
Narjes Hendouei, Seyed Hamzeh Hosseini, Amin Panahi, Zahra Khazaeipour, Fatemeh Barari, Adeleh Sahebnasagh, Shahram Ala
Recently, extensive efforts have been made to understand the rate of energy expenditure and the weight gain associated with atypical antipsychotic treatment, including identification of markers of obesity risk. In recent years, leptin, an adipocyte hormone, has gained significant interest in psychiatric disorders. S100B has been considered as a surrogate marker for astrocyte-specific damage in neurologic disorders. Also, S100B has been detected in adipose with concentration as high as nervous tissue as a second release source...
2016: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604491/cytotoxic-and-apoptotic-effects-of-three-types-of-silver-iron-oxide-binary-hybrid-nanoparticles
#16
Narjes Ebrahimi, Sara Rasoul-Amini, Ali Niazi, Nasrollah Erfani, Ali Moghadam, Alireza Ebrahiminezhad, Younes Ghasemi
BACKGROUND: Multifunctional nanostructures have received great deal of attention in biomedical area due to their capabilities in the development of new therapeutic and diagnostic agents. Silver and iron oxide nanoparticles, owing to their specific characteristics, are considered to develop bifunctional hybrid nanoparticles for magnetic delivery of silver nanoparticles as cytotoxic agent toward cancer cells. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to explore the in-vitro cytotoxic and apoptotic activities of three different silver-iron oxide binary hybrid nanoparticles on human liver hepatocellular carcinoma cell line...
September 7, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601048/placental-nitrosative-stress-and-exposure-to-ambient-air-pollution-during-gestation-a-population-study
#17
Nelly D Saenen, Karen Vrijens, Bram G Janssen, Narjes Madhloum, Martien Peusens, Wilfried Gyselaers, Charlotte Vanpoucke, Wouter Lefebvre, Harry A Roels, Tim S Nawrot
The placenta plays a crucial role in fetal growth and development through adaptive responses to perturbations of the maternal environment. We investigated the association between placental 3-nitrotyrosine (3-NTp), a biomarker of oxidative stress, and exposure to air pollutants during various time windows of pregnancy. We measured the placental 3-NTp levels of 330 mother-newborn pairs enrolled in the Environmental Influence on Ageing in Early Life (ENVIRONAGE) Study, a Belgian birth cohort study (2010-2013)...
September 15, 2016: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563414/effects-of-dimethyl-sulfoxide-on-neuronal-response-characteristics-in-deep-layers-of-rat-barrel-cortex
#18
Narjes Soltani, Elham Mohammadi, Mohammad Allahtavakoli, Ali Shamsizadeh, Ali Roohbakhsh, Abbas Haghparast
INTRODUCTION: Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is a chemical often used as a solvent for water-insoluble drugs. In this study, we evaluated the effect of intracerebroventricular (ICV) administration of DMSO on neural response characteristics (in 1200-1500 μm depth) of the rat barrel cortex. METHODS: DMSO solution was prepared in 10% v/v concentration and injected into the lateral ventricle of rats. Neuronal spontaneous activity and neuronal responses to deflection of the principal whisker (PW) and adjacent whisker (AW) were recorded in barrel cortex...
July 2016: Basic and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516699/persian-medicine-in-the-world-of-research-review-of-articles-on-iranian-traditional-medicine
#19
Reihaneh Moeini, Narjes Gorji
BACKGROUND: Due to negligence, Persian (Iranian) traditional medicine has had a weak presence in the world of research for a long time. However, in recent years, a variety of activates by research and faculty centers have created awareness and a platform to introduce and promote Persian medicine to the world. The aim of this study is to present and analyze scientific achievements of Persian medicine in the world of research. METHODS: Articles were collected from PubMed database using keywords such as "Persian medicine", "Persian traditional medicine", "Iranian medicine", and "Iranian traditional medicine"...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516686/range-of-motion-improvement-in-ankylosing-spondylitis-patient-with-persian-traditional-medicine-case-report
#20
Narjes Gorji, Reihaneh Moeini
BACKGROUND: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the skeletal system without definitive treatment. Nowadays, the aim of therapeutic interventions is preventing disease progression, but eventually many patients have different degrees of decreased range of motion, especially in the spine accompanied by pain and fatigue. METHODS: A 44-year-old man with AS from 22 years ago was treated with NSAIDs and sulfasalazine. He visited for developed pain and stiffness in spine from 7 years ago...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
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