keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Stroke risk factors

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535167/invited-commentary-heterogeneity-of-cardiovascular-diseases-among-populations-recognition-and-seminal-explanations
#1
Aaron R Folsom
Kuller and Reisler's 1971 publication (Am J Epidemiol. 1971;93(1):1-9) was an important contribution to the understanding of the epidemiology of cardiovascular diseases, particularly stroke. The authors synthesized pathological and risk-factor evidence to theorize why rates of various subtypes of arterial disease might vary across populations. Specifically, they suggested that different population levels of blood pressure, lipids, and glucose led to population differences in the location and extent of arterial disease...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534890/hypertension-in-hiv-management-and-treatment
#2
Claudio Ucciferri, Katia Falasca, Jacopo Vecchiet
Hypertension is among the leading risk factors for cardiovascular disease and accounts for 6% of adult deaths worldwide. It is estimated that in 2013, hypertension was responsible for at least 45% of deaths due to heart disease and 51% of deaths due to stroke. Accordingly, management of hypertension and its long-term complications in HIV-infected subjects is a significant component of routine care. The choice of an effective anti-hypertensive therapy in HIV-infected patients is important and must be made carefully in order to prevent cardiovascular mortality and morbidity in these patients...
May 23, 2017: AIDS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534705/risk-factors-and-mechanisms-of-stroke-in-young-adults-the-future-study
#3
Mayte E van Alebeek, Renate M Arntz, Merel S Ekker, Nathalie E Synhaeve, Noortje Amm Maaijwee, Hennie Schoonderwaldt, Maureen J van der Vlugt, Ewoud J van Dijk, Loes Ca Rutten-Jacobs, Frank-Erik de Leeuw
Incidence of ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack in young adults is rising. However, etiology remains unknown in 30-40% of these patients when current classification systems designed for the elderly are used. Our aim was to identify risk factors according to a pediatric approach, which might lead to both better identification of risk factors and provide a stepping stone for the understanding of disease mechanism, particularly in patients currently classified as "unknown etiology". Risk factors of 656 young stroke patients (aged 18-50) of the FUTURE study were categorized according to the "International Pediatric Stroke Study" (IPSS), with stratification on gender, age and stroke of "unknown etiology"...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532776/effect-of-addition-of-a-statin-to-warfarin-on-thromboembolic-events-in-japanese-patients-with-nonvalvular-atrial-fibrillation-and-diabetes-mellitus
#4
Naoko Kumagai, John A Nusser, Hiroshi Inoue, Ken Okumura, Takeshi Yamashita, Toru Kubo, Hiroaki Kitaoka, Hideki Origasa, Hirotsugu Atarashi
Statins have been shown to decrease stroke risk in patients with cardiovascular risk factors but not to prevent recurrence of ischemic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). The present subanalysis aimed to clarify the efficacy of combined use of warfarin and statins in patients with nonvalvular AF (NVAF) with coronary artery disease, diabetes mellitus (DM), or hypertension. The effects of adding statins to warfarin were compared with those of warfarin alone in patients with NVAF with the data set of J-RHYTHM Registry, a prospective, observational study with a 2-year follow-up...
April 27, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532651/suboptimal-anticoagulant-management-in-japanese-patients-with-nonvalvular-atrial-fibrillation-receiving-warfarin-for-stroke-prevention
#5
Teruyuki Hirano, Hirokazu Kaneko, Sari Mishina, Feng Wang, Satoshi Morita
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia, with increasing prevalence in Japan. Although prothrombin time-international normalized ratio (PT-INR) targets for monitoring warfarin therapy in patients with nonvalvular AF (NVAF) are well defined, real-world patient characteristics and PT-INR levels remain unknown among Japanese patients with NVAF who initiate and continue warfarin (warfarin maintainers) versus those who switch from warfarin to direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs; warfarin switchers)...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532575/readmission-rates-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-in-high-and-extreme-risk-patients-with-severe-aortic-stenosis
#6
Jessica Forcillo, Jose F Condado, Jose N Binongo, Yi Lasanajak, Hope Caughron, Vasilis Babaliaros, Chandan Devireddy, Bradley Leshnower, Robert A Guyton, Peter C Block, Amy Simone, Patricia Keegan, Paul Khairy, Vinod H Thourani
OBJECTIVE: In high- or extreme-risk patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement, readmissions have not been adequately studied and are the subject of increased scrutiny by healthcare systems. The objectives of this study were to determine the incidence of 30-day and 1-year cardiac and noncardiac readmissions, identify predictors of readmission, and assess the association between readmission and 1-year mortality. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on 714 patients who underwent transcatheter aortic valve replacement from September 2007 to January 2015 at Emory University...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531882/%C3%AE-thromboglobulin-and-incident-cardiovascular-disease-risk-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-study
#7
Yasuhiko Kubota, Alvaro Alonso, Aaron R Folsom
INTRODUCTION: Although it has been suggested that increased concentrations of activated platelet biomarkers are associated with increased risk of incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the general population, evidence for this association is still controversial. Thus, we tested the hypothesis that activated platelets, measured by higher concentrations of β-thromboglobulin, are associated with increased risk of incident CVD (coronary heart disease, heart failure ischemic stroke, and atrial fibrillation)...
May 17, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530142/a-targeted-self-management-approach-for-reducing-stroke-risk-factors-in-african-american-men-who-have-had-a-stroke-or-transient-ischemic-attack
#8
Martha Sajatovic, Curtis Tatsuoka, Elisabeth Welter, Kari Colon-Zimmermann, Carol Blixen, Adam T Perzynski, Shelly Amato, Jamie Cage, Johnny Sams, Shirley M Moore, Svetlana Pundik, Sophia Sundararajan, Charles Modlin, Cathy Sila
PURPOSE: This study compared a novel self-management (TargetEd MAnageMent Intervention [TEAM]) versus treatment as usual (TAU) to reduce stroke risk in African American (AA) men. DESIGN: Six-month prospective randomized controlled trial with outcomes evaluated at baseline, 3 months, and 6 months. SETTING: Academic health center. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-eight (age < 65) AA men who had a stroke or transient ischemic attack and a Barthel index score of >60 were randomly assigned to TEAM (n = 19) or TAU (n = 19)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530081/-evaluation-of-the-association-between-antihypertensive-treatment-and-development-of-stroke
#9
Margarita Fraimovitch, Yosef Tzvi, Reuven Zimlichman
INTRODUCTION: An ischemic stroke is an event that occurs due to cerebral vascular disease and is directly related to the degree of vascular damage. This process is associated with atherosclerosis progression and is influenced by the presence of cardiovascular risk factors. AIMS: One of the goals of our research was to examine whether specific medications used for treating hypertension are associated with the development of strokes. METHODS: In a retrospective study of patients who were hospitalized between the years 2003-2008 due to a cerebrovascular accident (CVA) or a transient ischemic attack (TIA), 916 cases of stroke patients were reviewed...
September 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529262/investigations-of-carotid-stenosis-to-identify-vulnerable-atherosclerotic-plaque-and-determine-individual-stroke-risk
#10
Madieke I Liem, Fiona Kennedy, Leo H Bonati, Aad van der Lugt, Bram F Coolen, Aart J Nederveen, Hans R Jager, Martin M Brown, Paul J Nederkoorn
Selection of patients with atherosclerotic carotid stenosis for revascularization is mainly based on the degree of luminal narrowing of the carotid artery. However, identification of other features of plaque apart from the degree of stenosis could enable better selection for intervention if they are also associated with the occurrence of stroke. Before these risk factors can possibly play a role in treatment decisions, their prognostic value needs to be proven. The purpose of this narrative review is to summarize current knowledge regarding the risk factors for stroke in patients with carotid stenosis, how they can be determined, and to what extent they predict stroke, based on recent literature...
May 20, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528882/mortality-and-atrial-fibrillation-in-the-fiaca-study-evidence-of-a-differential-effect-according-to-admission-diagnosis
#11
Francisco Guillermo Clavel-Ruipérez, Luciano Consuegra-Sánchez, Francisco Javier Félix Redondo, Luis Lozano Mera, Pedro Mellado-Delgado, Juan José Martínez-Díaz, José Ramón López Mínguez, Daniel Fernández-Bergés
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is an independent risk factor for mortality in several diseases. However, data published in acute decompensated heart failure (DHF) are contradictory. Our objective was to investigate the impact of AF on mortality in patients admitted to hospital for DHF compared with those admitted for other reasons. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included all patients admitted to hospital within a 10-year period due to DHF, acute myocardial infarction (AMI), or ischemic stroke (IS), with a median follow-up of 6...
May 18, 2017: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528288/cancer-atrial-fibrillation-and-stroke
#12
REVIEW
Tess Fitzpatrick, Marc Carrier, Grégoire Le Gal
Cancer patients appear to be at increased risk for atrial fibrillation. Although surgery and chemotherapy exacerbate this risk, this association is observed even in the absence of any cancer-specific treatment. The underlying mechanism of this is likely multifactorial, but systemic inflammation and autonomic dysregulation are hypothesized to play critical roles. Cancer and atrial fibrillation are both independent risk factors for ischemic stroke; however, it is not clear whether this translates to an increased risk of stroke in patients with both comorbidities...
May 9, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528281/risk-of-stroke-among-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-a-nationwide-longitudinal-study
#13
Mu-Hong Chen, Ju-Wei Hsu, Ya-Mei Bai, Tung-Ping Su, Cheng-Ta Li, Wei-Chen Lin, Shih-Jen Tsai, Wen-Han Chang, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Kai-Lin Huang
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggested that patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) had a higher prevalence of stroke-related risk factors, such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes mellitus. But, the association between BPD and subsequent stroke has been rarely investigated. METHODS: Using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, 5969 borderline patients aged 18 years and older and 23,876 age-and sex-matched controls were enrolled between 2002 and 2009, and followed up to the end of 2011 to identify the development of stroke...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528130/increased-body-mass-index-is-a-risk-factor-for-end-stage-renal-disease-in-the-chinese-singapore-population
#14
Quan-Lan Jasmine Lew, Tazeen Hasan Jafar, Mohammad Talaei, Aizhen Jin, Khuan Yew Chow, Jian-Min Yuan, Woon-Puay Koh
The relationship between body mass index (BMI) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is confounded by co-morbidities associated with both conditions. Furthermore, the association at low range BMI is controversial. We studied this association in the Singapore Chinese Health Study, a population-based prospective cohort that recruited Singaporean Chinese men and women 45-74 years of age from 1993 to 1998. Self-reported weight, height, lifestyle factors, usual diet, and medical history were collected via an interviewer-administered questionnaire...
May 18, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527586/gastrointestinal-bowel-obstruction-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-incidence-risk-factors-and-outcomes-in-a-u-s-nationwide-analysis-of-3-998-667-hospitalizations
#15
Kavelin Rumalla, Ashwath S Kumar, Manoj K Mittal
OBJECTIVE: The prognosis from acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is worsened by poststroke medical complications. The incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of gastrointestinal bowel obstruction (GIBO) in AIS are not known. METHODS: We queried the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (2002-2011) to identify all patients with a primary diagnosis of AIS and subsets with and without a secondary diagnosis of GIBO without hernia. Multivariable analysis was utilized to identify risk factors for GIBO in AIS patients and the association between GIBO, in-hospital complications, and outcomes...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527083/shared-mechanisms-of-epilepsy-migraine-and-affective-disorders
#16
Davide Zarcone, Simona Corbetta
Since the nineteenth century several clinical features have been observed in common between migraine and epilepsy (such as episodic attacks, triggering factors, presence of aura, frequent familiarity), but only in recent years researchers have really engaged in finding a common pathogenic mechanism. From studies of disease incidence, we understand how either migraine among patients with epilepsy or epilepsy among migraine patients are more frequent than in the general population. This association may result from a direct causality, by the same environmental risk factors and/or by a common genetic susceptibility...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527065/migraine-with-aura-white-matter-lesions-preliminary-data-on-clinical-aspects
#17
Alberto Galli, P Di Fiore, G D'Arrigo, C Uggetti, S Squarza, M Leone, D D'Amico, F Frediani
A few clinic-based magnetic resonance imaging studies report an increased risk of signal abnormalities in migraineurs brain's white matter, especially in migraine with aura subjects. A vascular genesis has been hypnotized and migraine with aura was considered an independent risk factor for stroke. Available data of magnetic resonance imaging alterations are often nonspecific and sometimes controversial. The aim of our study is to investigate migraine with aura patients with standardized brain magnetic resonance imaging to detect and to quantify the presence of white matter lesions and to analyze their relation with clinical data...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526935/diabetes-induced-abnormalities-of-mitochondrial-function-in-rat-brain-cortex-the-effect-of-n-3-fatty-acid-diet
#18
Maria Chomova, Maria Balazova, Jana Muchova
Diabetic encephalopathy, a proven complication of diabetes is associated with gradually developing end-organ damage in the CNS increasing the risk of stroke, cognitive dysfunction or Alzheimer's disease. This study investigated the response of rat cortical mitochondria to streptozotocin-induced diabetes and the potential for fish oil emulsion (FOE) to modulate mitochondrial function. Diabetes-induced deregulation of the respiratory chain function as a result of diminished complex I activity (CI) and cytochrome c oxidase hyperactivity was associated with attenuation of antioxidant defense of isolated cortical mitochondria, monitored by SOD activity, the thiol content, the dityrosine and protein-lipid peroxidation adduct formation...
May 19, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526767/migraine-and-cerebrovascular-atherosclerosis-in-patients-with-ischemic-stroke
#19
Hendrikus J A van Os, Inge A Mulder, Alexander Broersen, Ale Algra, Irene C van der Schaaf, L Jaap Kappelle, Birgitta K Velthuis, Gisela M Terwindt, Wouter J Schonewille, Marieke C Visser, Michel D Ferrari, Marianne A A van Walderveen, Marieke J H Wermer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Migraine is a well-established risk factor for ischemic stroke, but migraine is also related to other vascular diseases. This study aims to investigate the association between migraine and cerebrovascular atherosclerosis in patients with acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: We retrieved data on patients with ischemic stroke from the DUST (Dutch Acute Stroke Study). Migraine history was assessed with a migraine screener and confirmed by telephone interview based on the ICHD criteria (International Classification of Headache Disorders)...
May 19, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526765/factors-associated-with-ischemic-stroke-survival-and-recovery-in-older-adults
#20
Divya Thekkethala Winovich, William T Longstreth, Alice M Arnold, Ravi Varadhan, Adina Zeki Al Hazzouri, Mary Cushman, Anne B Newman, Michelle C Odden
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Little is known about factors that predispose older adults to poor recovery after a stroke. In this study, we sought to evaluate prestroke measures of frailty and related factors as markers of vulnerability to poor outcomes after ischemic stroke. METHODS: In participants aged 65 to 99 years with incident ischemic strokes from the Cardiovascular Health Study, we evaluated the association of several risk factors (frailty, frailty components, C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, and cystatin C) assessed before stroke with stroke outcomes of survival, cognitive decline (≥5 points on Modified Mini-Mental State Examination), and activities of daily living decline (increase in limitations)...
May 19, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
keyword
keyword
84859
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"