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Care coordination high risk

Andrew S Hwang, Steven J Atlas, Johan Hong, Jeffrey M Ashburner, Adrian H Zai, Richard W Grant, Clemens S Hong
BACKGROUND: A better understanding of the attributes of patients who require more effort to manage may improve risk adjustment approaches and lead to more efficient resource allocation, improved patient care and health outcomes, and reduced burnout in primary care clinicians. OBJECTIVE: To identify and characterize high-effort patients from the physician's perspective. DESIGN: Cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-nine primary care physicians in an academic primary care network...
October 21, 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Alison S Witkin, Savanah Harshbarger, Christopher Kabrhel
Pulmonary embolism is a common and often life-threatening event. Treatment options include anticoagulation alone, catheter-directed therapies, and surgical thromboembolectomy. While guidelines exist, there is often controversy over which treatment is most appropriate, particularly for intermediate-risk patients. The traditional care model, in which the primary team is responsible for consulting the appropriate specialists, may be inadequate and inefficient for emergent situations, as ensuring coordination and communication between various consulting services can be a time consuming and confusing process...
October 21, 2016: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
Margaret Loyet, Amy McLean, Karen Graham, Cheryl Antoine, Kathy Fossick
BACKGROUND: Women carrying a fetus with a suspected or known fetal anomaly have complex needs such as emotional and informational support and help with the logistical aspects of arranging care and treatment from numerous specialists. IMPROVEMENT IN QUALITY OF CARE FOR WOMEN CARRYING A FETUS WITH A SUSPECTED OR KNOWN FETAL ANOMALY:: Our fetal care team was initiated in 2012 to meet the needs of this high-risk pregnant population. The fetal care team nurse coordinator supports the woman and her family through all aspects of care during the pregnancy and neonatal period including scheduling appointments with multiple specialists, being there with her as a support person, keeping her updated, making sure she has accurate information about the fetal diagnosis, and helping her to navigate the complex healthcare system...
November 2016: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
Derenda Lovelace, Diane Hancock, Sabrina S Hughes, Phyllis R Wyche, Claire Jenkins, Cindy Logan
BACKGROUND: In 2011, the Hunter Holmes McGuire Veterans Administration Medical Center (VAMC) in Richmond, VA, had a cumulative readmission rate and emergency department (ED) revisits for discharged Veterans of 1 in 5. In 2012, a transitional care program (TCP) was implemented to improve care coordination and outcomes among Veterans, with an emphasis on geriatric patients with chronic disease. This TCP was created with an interdisciplinary approach using intensive case management interventions, with a goal of reducing Veteran ED and hospital revisits by 30%...
November 2016: Professional Case Management
Ambrose Hon-Wai Wong, Joan Combellick, Beth Ann Wispelwey, Allison Squires, Maureen Gang
OBJECTIVES: The emergency department (ED) has been recognized as a high-risk environment for workplace violence. Acutely agitated patients who perpetrate violence against healthcare workers represent a complex care challenge in the ED. Recommendations to improve safety are often based on expert opinion rather than empirical data. In this study we aim to describe the lived experience of staff members caring for this population in order to provide a broad perspective of ED patient violence...
October 15, 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Chantal Herberholz, Wael Ahmed Fakihammed
BACKGROUND: Low enrolment and high drop-out rates are common problems in voluntary health insurance schemes. Yet, most studies in this research area focus on community-based health insurance and enrolment, rather than drop-out. OBJECTIVE: This study examines what causes informal sector families not to renew their voluntary National Health Insurance Fund (NHIF) health insurance membership in Eastern Sudan. METHODS: Primary data from about 600 informal sector households that dropped out or remained insured, collected through a household survey conducted in March 2014, were used...
October 1, 2016: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
Timothy C Borden, Laura L Bellaire, Nicholas D Fletcher
The complex nature of the surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) requires a wide variety of health care providers. A well-coordinated, multidisciplinary team approach to the care of these patients is essential for providing high-quality care. This review offers an up-to-date overview of the numerous interventions and safety measures for improving outcomes after AIS surgery throughout the perioperative phases of care. Reducing the risk of potentially devastating and costly complications after AIS surgery is the responsibility of every single member of the health care team...
2016: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
Eleanor Bard, Marian Knight, Emma Plugge
BACKGROUND: Women are an increasing minority of prisoners worldwide, and most are of childbearing age. Prisons offer unique opportunities for improving the pregnancy outcomes of these high-risk women, and no systematic review to date has looked at their care. This systematic review identified studies describing models of perinatal health care for imprisoned women which report maternal and child health and care outcomes. METHODS: We systematically searched for literature published between 1980 and April 2014...
September 29, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Robert P Feehan, Lisa M Shantz
Nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is the most common cancer worldwide and the incidence continues to rise, in part due to increasing numbers in high-risk groups such as organ transplant recipients and those taking photosensitizing medications. The most significant risk factor for NMSC is ultraviolet radiation (UVR) from sunlight, specifically UVB, which is the leading cause of DNA damage, photoaging, and malignant transformation in the skin. Activation of apoptosis following UVR exposure allows the elimination of irreversibly damaged cells that may harbor oncogenic mutations...
October 1, 2016: Biochemical Journal
Padraig Dixon, Sandra Hollinghurst, Roberta Ara, Louisa Edwards, Alexis Foster, Chris Salisbury
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the long-term cost-effectiveness (measured as the ratio of incremental NHS cost to incremental quality-adjusted life years) of a telehealth intervention for patients with raised cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. DESIGN: A cohort simulation model developed as part of the economic evaluation conducted alongside the Healthlines randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Patients recruited through primary care, and intervention delivered via telehealth service...
2016: BMJ Open
Cynda Hylton Rushton
Undisputedly, the United States' health care system is in the midst of unprecedented complexity and transformation. In 2014 alone there were well over thirty-five million admissions to hospitals in the nation, indicating that there was an extraordinary number of very sick and frail people requiring highly skilled clinicians to manage and coordinate their complex care across multiple care settings. Medical advances give us the ability to send patients home more efficiently than ever before and simultaneously create ethical questions about the balance of benefits and burdens associated with these advances...
September 2016: Hastings Center Report
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is one of the most common causes of neonatal deaths globally. Most sepsis-related deaths occur in low-income and middle-income countries, where the epidemiology of neonatal sepsis remains poorly understood. Most of these countries lack proper surveillance networks, hampering accurate assessment of the burden of sepsis, implementation of preventive measures, and investment in research. We report results of neonates born in hospital from a multicentre collaboration on neonatal sepsis...
October 2016: Lancet Global Health
Darrin Majors, Patrick Ellis
BACKGROUND: Currently there are no universally accepted approaches for the prevention of recurrent Clostridium difficile infections (CDI) following the initial infection. Several studies have identified common risk factors for the emergence of recurrent CDI. Identifying patients at high risk for recurrent CDI through the assessment of risk factors at initial diagnosis could enable health care providers to optimize available treatment options. A vancomycin hydrochloride-tapered regimen may be an effective treatment option for the prevention of recurrent CDI following the initial infection...
November 2015: Hospital Pharmacy
Kali Zhou, Thomas Fitzpatrick, Nick Walsh, Ji Young Kim, Roger Chou, Mellanye Lackey, Julia Scott, Ying-Ru Lo, Joseph D Tucker
BACKGROUND: Advances in therapy for hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) have ushered in a new era in chronic hepatitis treatment. To maximise the effectiveness of these medicines, individuals must be engaged and retained in care. We analysed operational interventions to enhance chronic viral hepatitis testing, linkage to care, treatment uptake, adherence, and viral suppression or cure. METHODS: We did a systematic review of operational interventions, and did meta-analyses for sufficiently comparable data...
September 5, 2016: Lancet Infectious Diseases
Anne H Gross, Ryan K Leib, Anne Tonachel, Richard Tonachel, Danielle M Bowers, Rachel A Burnard, Catherine A Rhinehart, Rahila Valentim, Craig A Bunnell
This article describes how trust among team members and in the technology supporting them was eroded during implementation of an electronic health record (EHR) in an adult outpatient oncology practice at a comprehensive cancer center. Delays in care of a 38-year-old woman with high-risk breast cancer occurred because of ineffective team communication and are illustrated in a case study. The case explores how the patient's trust and mutual trust between team members were disrupted because of inaccurate assumptions about the functionality of the EHR's communication tool, resultant miscommunications between team members and the patient, and the eventual recognition that care was not being effectively coordinated, as it had been previously...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Oncology Practice
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: To observe the occurrence rate of elevated serum amylase and lipase in critically ill children, to explore the relationship between elevated pancreatic enzymes and pancreatic injury, and the effect of elevated pancreatic enzymes on state of illness and the prognosis. METHOD: The data of cases treated in pediatric intensive care unit(ICU) of 17 children's hospitals were collected prospectively from January 2012 to March 2014 according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria...
September 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Janice L Clarke, Scott Bourn, Alexis Skoufalos, Eric H Beck, Daniel J Castillo
Although the health care reform movement has brought about positive changes, lingering inefficiencies and communication gaps continue to hamper system-wide progress toward achieving the overarching goal-higher quality health care and improved population health outcomes at a lower cost. The multiple interrelated barriers to improvement are most evident in care for the population of patients with multiple chronic conditions. During transitions of care, the lack of integration among various silos and inadequate communication among providers cause delays in delivering appropriate health care services to these vulnerable patients and their caregivers, diminishing positive health outcomes and driving costs ever higher...
August 26, 2016: Population Health Management
Lloyd Einsiedel, Richard J Woodman, Maria Flynn, Kim Wilson, Olivier Cassar, Antoine Gessain
BACKGROUND: The Human T Lymphotropic Virus type 1 (HTLV-1) subtype C is endemic to central Australia where each of the major sequelae of HTLV-1 infection has been documented in the socially disadvantaged Indigenous population. Nevertheless, available epidemiological information relating to HTLV-1c infection is very limited, risk factors for transmission are unknown and no coordinated program has been implemented to reduce transmission among Indigenous Australians. Identifying risk factors for HTLV-1 infection is essential to direct strategies that could control HTLV-1 transmission...
2016: BMC Public Health
Kimberly A Koester, Shannon M Fuller, Andres Maiorana, Wayne T Steward, Sophia Zamudio-Haas, Jessica Xavier, Cara Safon, Shane P Collins, Stephen F Morin, Janet J Myers
In 2011, the Health Resources and Services Administration launched the Systems Linkage and Access to Care for Populations at High Risk of HIV Infection Initiative. Six state Departments of Health were funded to develop and implement HIV testing, linkage-to-care, and retention-in-care interventions over a four-year period. We conducted qualitative interviews with stakeholders (n = 68) involved in intervention development and/or implementation in order to characterize and compare the interventions; assess factors shaping the implementation of different interventions; and identify barriers to and facilitators of linkage and retention interventions...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Sheree M Schrager, Kimberly C Arthur, Justine Nelson, Anne R Edwards, J Michael Murphy, Rita Mangione-Smith, Alex Y Chen
OBJECTIVES: We sought to develop and validate a method to identify social complexity risk factors (eg, limited English proficiency) using Minnesota state administrative data. A secondary objective was to examine the relationship between social complexity and caregiver-reported need for care coordination. METHODS: A total of 460 caregivers of children with noncomplex chronic conditions enrolled in a Minnesota public health care program were surveyed and administrative data on these caregivers and children were obtained...
September 2016: Pediatrics
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