keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

EMT metabolism

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416823/-identification-of-a-new-pro-invasion-factor-in-tumor-microenvironment-progress-in-function-and-mechanism-of-extracellular-atp
#1
W G Fang, X X Tian
Up to 90% of all cancer related morbidity and mortality can be attributed to metastasis. In recent years the study of tumor microenvironment, its cellular and molecular components, and how they can affect neoplastic progression toward metastasis, has become a hot focus in cancer research. Accumulated evidence shows that the formation of metastasis is a multi-step sequential process, in which, the tumor cells continuously interact with the host microenvironment. Host derived factors, i.e. growth factors/inhibitors, angiogenic factors, chemokines, etc...
April 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414315/the-emt-activator-zeb1-is-a-key-factor-for-cell-plasticity-and-promotes-metastasis-in-pancreatic-cancer
#2
Angela M Krebs, Julia Mitschke, María Lasierra Losada, Otto Schmalhofer, Melanie Boerries, Hauke Busch, Martin Boettcher, Dimitrios Mougiakakos, Wilfried Reichardt, Peter Bronsert, Valerie G Brunton, Christian Pilarsky, Thomas H Winkler, Simone Brabletz, Marc P Stemmler, Thomas Brabletz
Metastasis is the major cause of cancer-associated death. Partial activation of the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition program (partial EMT) was considered a major driver of tumour progression from initiation to metastasis. However, the role of EMT in promoting metastasis has recently been challenged, in particular concerning effects of the Snail and Twist EMT transcription factors (EMT-TFs) in pancreatic cancer. In contrast, we show here that in the same pancreatic cancer model, driven by Pdx1-cre-mediated activation of mutant Kras and p53 (KPC model), the EMT-TF Zeb1 is a key factor for the formation of precursor lesions, invasion and notably metastasis...
April 17, 2017: Nature Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413640/clinicopathological-examination-of-dipeptidase-1-expression-in-colorectal-cancer
#3
Kazunoshin Tachibana, Motonobu Saito, Jun-Ichi Imai, Emi Ito, Yuka Yanagisawa, Reiko Honma, Katsuharu Saito, Jin Ando, Tomoyuki Momma, Shinji Ohki, Tohru Ohtake, Shinya Watanabe, Satoshi Waguri, Seiichi Takenoshita
Dipeptidase 1 (DPEP1) is a zinc-dependent metalloproteinase that is fundamental in glutathione and leukotriene metabolism. DPEP1 was initially considered as a tumor suppressor gene in Wilms' tumor and breast cancer. However, it has been reported that DPEP1 is upregulated in colorectal cancers (CRCs) and high DPEP1 expression levels are associated with poorer patient survival. The role of DPEP1 genes in CRC, as well as their expression, requires investigation. Therefore, the present study investigated DPEP1 expression using reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction or immunohistochemistry on surgically resected samples from CRC cases, and further examined the biological significance of DPEP1 by comparing the expression of the epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers, including epithelial cadherin and Vimentin to clarify the function of DPEP1 in CRC, particularly in metastasis...
April 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406185/knockdown-of-stem-cell-regulator-oct4a-in-ovarian-cancer-reveals-cellular-reprogramming-associated-with-key-regulators-of-cytoskeleton-extracellular-matrix-remodelling
#4
Chantel Samardzija, David W Greening, Ruth Escalona, Maoshan Chen, Maree Bilandzic, Rodney Luwor, George Kannourakis, Jock K Findlay, Nuzhat Ahmed
Oct4A is a master regulator of self-renewal and pluripotency in embryonic stem cells. It is a well-established marker for cancer stem cell (CSC) in malignancies. Recently, using a loss of function studies, we have demonstrated key roles for Oct4A in tumor cell survival, metastasis and chemoresistance in in vitro and in vivo models of ovarian cancer. In an effort to understand the regulatory role of Oct4A in tumor biology, we employed the use of an ovarian cancer shRNA Oct4A knockdown cell line (HEY Oct4A KD) and a global mass spectrometry (MS)-based proteomic analysis to investigate novel biological targets of Oct4A in HEY samples (cell lysates, secretomes and mouse tumor xenografts)...
April 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393186/a-novel-5-fluorouracil-resistant-human-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-cell-line-eca-109-5-fu-with-significant-drug-resistance-related-characteristics
#5
Chi Zhang, Qunfeng Ma, Yinan Shi, Xue Li, Ming Wang, Junfeng Wang, Jianlin Ge, Zhinan Chen, Ziling Wang, Hong Jiang
5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is used for the clinical treatment of esophageal squamous cell carcinomas (ESCCs), yet it also induces chemoresistant cancer cells during treatment, which leads to the failure of the therapy. To further explore the resistance mechanism of 5-FU in ESCC, we established the 5-FU-resistant ESCC cell line Eca-109/5-FU, which was prepared by the stepwise exposure to increasing 5-FU concentrations. MTT assay and nude mouse xenograft models were used to test the drug resistance and proliferation of Eca-109 and Eca-109/5-FU cells in vitro and in vivo...
March 31, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362858/3-bromopyruvate-and-buthionine-sulfoximine-effectively-kill-anoikis-resistant-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells
#6
Minjong Lee, Ara Jo, Seulki Lee, Jong Bin Kim, Young Chang, Joon Yeul Nam, Hyeki Cho, Young Youn Cho, Eun Ju Cho, Jeong-Hoon Lee, Su Jong Yu, Jung-Hwan Yoon, Yoon Jun Kim
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Acquisition of anoikis resistance is a prerequisite for metastasis in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, little is known about how energy metabolism and antioxidant systems are altered in anoikis-resistant (AR) HCC cells. We evaluated anti-tumor effects of a combination treatment of 3-bromopyruvate (3-BP) and buthionine sulfoximine (BSO) in AR HCC cells. METHODS: We compared glycolysis, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, and chemoresistance among Huh-BAT, HepG2 HCC cells, and the corresponding AR cells...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352611/targeting-the-metabolic-reprogramming-that-controls-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-in-aggressive-tumors
#7
REVIEW
Andrea Morandi, Maria Letizia Taddei, Paola Chiarugi, Elisa Giannoni
The epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process allows the trans-differentiation of a cell with epithelial features into a cell with mesenchymal characteristics. This process has been reported to be a key priming event for tumor development and therefore EMT activation is now considered an established trait of malignancy. The transcriptional and epigenetic reprogramming that governs EMT has been extensively characterized and reviewed in the last decade. However, increasing evidence demonstrates a correlation between metabolic reprogramming and EMT execution...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345629/wt1-expression-in-breast-cancer-disrupts-the-epithelial-mesenchymal-balance-of-tumour-cells-and-correlates-with-the-metabolic-response-to-docetaxel
#8
Mara Artibani, Andrew H Sims, Joan Slight, Stuart Aitken, Anna Thornburn, Morwenna Muir, Valerie G Brunton, Jorge Del-Pozo, Linda R Morrison, Elad Katz, Nicholas D Hastie, Peter Hohenstein
WT1 is a transcription factor which regulates the epithelial-mesenchymal balance during embryonic development and, if mutated, can lead to the formation of Wilms' tumour, the most common paediatric kidney cancer. Its expression has also been reported in several adult tumour types, including breast cancer, and usually correlates with poor outcome. However, published data is inconsistent and the role of WT1 in this malignancy remains unclear. Here we provide a complete study of WT1 expression across different breast cancer subtypes as well as isoform specific expression analysis...
March 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342867/gsk3%C3%AE-attenuates-tgf-%C3%AE-1-induced-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-and-metabolic-alterations-in-arpe-19-cells
#9
Li Huang, Cheng Zhang, Li Su, Zhengyu Song
While TGF-β1 is known to induce epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), a major factor in the pathogenesis of proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR), in ARPE-19 cells. The molecular pathways involved in EMT formation have not yet to be fully characterized. In this study, we have found that TGF-β1-mediated induction of EMT in ARPE-19 cells varied in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Specifically, TGF-β1 inhibited GSK-3β by accelerating phosphorylation at ser9. GSK-3β inhibitor or knockdown of GSK-3β resulted in enhanced TGF-β1-mediated EMT, migration and collagen contraction in ARPE-19 cells, which were then abrogated by GSK-3β overexpression and PI3K/AKT inhibitor...
March 22, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337746/thymidylate-synthase-is-functionally-associated-with-zeb1-and-contributes-to-the-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-of-cancer-cells
#10
Aarif Siddiqui, Maria Eleni Vazakidou, Annemarie Schwab, Francesca Napoli, Cristina Fernandez-Molina, Ida Rapa, Marc P Stemmler, Marco Volante, Thomas Brabletz, Paolo Ceppi
Thymidylate synthase (TS) is a fundamental enzyme of nucleotide metabolism and one of the oldest anti-cancer targets. Beginning from the analysis of gene array data from the NCI-60 panel of cancer cell lines, we identified a significant correlation at both gene and protein level between TS and the markers of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), a developmental process that allows cancer cells to acquire features of aggressiveness, like motility and chemoresistance. TS levels were found to be significantly augmented in mesenchymal-like compared to epithelial-like cancer cells, to be regulated by EMT induction, and to negatively correlate with micro-RNAs (miRNAs) usually expressed in epithelial-like cells and known to actively suppress EMT...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323032/metabolic-re-wiring-of-isogenic-breast-epithelial-cell-lines-following-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition
#11
Skarphedinn Halldorsson, Neha Rohatgi, Manuela Magnusdottir, Kumari Sonal Choudhary, Thorarinn Gudjonsson, Erik Knutsen, Anna Barkovskaya, Bylgja Hilmarsdottir, Maria Perander, Gunhild M Mælandsmo, Steinn Gudmundsson, Óttar Rolfsson
Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) has implications in tumor progression and metastasis. Metabolic alterations have been described in cancer development but studies focused on the metabolic re-wiring that takes place during EMT are still limited. We performed metabolomics profiling of a breast epithelial cell line and its EMT derived mesenchymal phenotype to create genome-scale metabolic models descriptive of both cell lines. Glycolysis and OXPHOS were higher in the epithelial phenotype while amino acid anaplerosis and fatty acid oxidation fueled the mesenchymal phenotype...
March 18, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219702/genetic-alterations-in-krebs-cycle-and-its-impact-on-cancer-pathogenesis
#12
REVIEW
Karishma Sajnani, Farhadul Islam, Robert Anthony Smith, Vinod Gopalan, Alfred King-Yin Lam
Cancer cells exhibit alterations in many cellular processes, including oxygen sensing and energy metabolism. Glycolysis in non-oxygen condition is the main energy production process in cancer rather than mitochondrial respiration as in benign cells. Genetic and epigenetic alterations of Krebs cycle enzymes favour the shift of cancer cells from oxidative phosphorylation to anaerobic glycolysis. Mutations in genes encoding aconitase, isocitrate dehydrogenase, succinate dehydrogenase, fumarate hydratase, and citrate synthase are noted in many cancers...
April 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202352/amino-acid-transporter-slc38a3-promotes-metastasis-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-cells-by-activating-pdk1
#13
Yanhui Wang, Li Fu, Minqing Cui, Yongbin Wang, Yan Xu, Molin Li, Jun Mi
BACKGROUND: Tumor metastasis is a finely-tuned pathological process coupled to metabolic reprogramming that includes both glutamine and glucose. The solute carrier SLC38A3, a member of amino acid/polyamine/organocation (APC) superfamily, is an l-glutamine transporter. It is not clear whether SLC38A3 involves the metastasis of NSCLC (non small cell lung cancer). METHODS: The scratch test and transwell assay were used to determine the ability of NSCLC to migrate. Cellular amino acids content was determined by mass spectrometry...
February 13, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195146/the-inhibition-of-lung-cancer-cell-migration-by-ahr-regulated-autophagy
#14
Chi-Hao Tsai, Ching-Hao Li, Yu-Wen Cheng, Chen-Chen Lee, Po-Lin Liao, Cheng-Hui Lin, Shih-Hsuan Huang, Jaw-Jou Kang
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor that is highly expressed in multiple organs and tissues. Whereas AhR mediates the metabolism of xenobiotic and endogenous compounds, its novel function in cancer epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) remains controversial. Autophagy also participates in tumour progression through its functions in cell homeostasis and facilitates adaptation to EMT progression. In the present study, we found that AhR-regulated autophagy positively modulates EMT in non-small cell lung cancer cells...
February 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176759/snail-reprograms-glucose-metabolism-by-repressing-phosphofructokinase-pfkp-allowing-cancer-cell-survival-under-metabolic-stress
#15
Nam Hee Kim, Yong Hoon Cha, Jueun Lee, Seon-Hyeong Lee, Ji Hye Yang, Jun Seop Yun, Eunae Sandra Cho, Xianglan Zhang, Miso Nam, Nami Kim, Young-Su Yuk, So Young Cha, Yoonmi Lee, Joo Kyung Ryu, Sunghyouk Park, Jae-Ho Cheong, Sang Won Kang, Soo-Youl Kim, Geum-Sook Hwang, Jong In Yook, Hyun Sil Kim
Dynamic regulation of glucose flux between aerobic glycolysis and the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) during epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is not well-understood. Here we show that Snail (SNAI1), a key transcriptional repressor of EMT, regulates glucose flux toward PPP, allowing cancer cell survival under metabolic stress. Mechanistically, Snail regulates glycolytic activity via repression of phosphofructokinase, platelet (PFKP), a major isoform of cancer-specific phosphofructokinase-1 (PFK-1), an enzyme involving the first rate-limiting step of glycolysis...
February 8, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161638/6-phosphofructo-2-kinase-fructose-2-6-bisphosphatase-3-is-required-for-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-1-enhanced-invasion-of-panc1-cells-in%C3%A2-vitro
#16
Abdullah Yalcin, Tugba H Solakoglu, Selahattin C Ozcan, Saime Guzel, Sabire Peker, Serap Celikler, Basak D Balaban, Elif Sevinc, Yunus Gurpinar, Jason A Chesney
Transforming growth factor β1 (TGFβ1) is a well-established inducer of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) that is essential for the acquisition of malignant properties, such as invasion, in tumor cells. Although recent studies suggest that the EMT in tumor cells is associated with reprogramming of energy metabolism and TGFβ1 has been shown to stimulate glycolysis in multiple primary cell lines, little is known about TGFβ1's effect on glycolysis and glycolytic regulators in transformed cells. Given the known regulatory role of 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose 2,6-bisphosphatase-3 (PFKFB3) in glycolysis and association of glycolytic activity with malignant features such as invasion, we sought to investigate whether TGFβ1 regulates PFKFB3 expression and if PFKFB3 is involved in the TGFβ1-mediated increase in the invasive ability of the Panc1 cell cline-a well-established model of TGFβ1-initiated EMT...
March 11, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158294/deep-proteome-mapping-of-wm-266-4-human-metastatic-melanoma-cells-from-oncogenic-addiction-to-druggable-targets
#17
Eumorphia G Konstantakou, Athanassios D Velentzas, Athanasios K Anagnostopoulos, Zoi I Litou, Ourania A Konstandi, Aikaterini F Giannopoulou, Ema Anastasiadou, Gerassimos E Voutsinas, George Th Tsangaris, Dimitrios J Stravopodis
Cutaneous melanoma is a malignant tumor of skin melanocytes that are pigment-producing cells located in the basal layer (stratum basale) of epidermis. Accumulation of genetic mutations within their oncogenes or tumor-suppressor genes compels melanocytes to aberrant proliferation and spread to distant organs of the body, thereby resulting in severe and/or lethal malignancy. Metastatic melanoma's heavy mutational load, molecular heterogeneity and resistance to therapy necessitate the development of novel biomarkers and drug-based protocols that target key proteins involved in perpetuation of the disease...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137309/induction-of-metastasis-cancer-stem-cell-phenotype-and-oncogenic-metabolism-in-cancer-cells-by-ionizing-radiation
#18
REVIEW
Su Yeon Lee, Eui Kyong Jeong, Min Kyung Ju, Hyun Min Jeon, Min Young Kim, Cho Hee Kim, Hye Gyeong Park, Song Iy Han, Ho Sung Kang
Radiation therapy is one of the major tools of cancer treatment, and is widely used for a variety of malignant tumours. Radiotherapy causes DNA damage directly by ionization or indirectly via the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), thereby destroying cancer cells. However, ionizing radiation (IR) paradoxically promotes metastasis and invasion of cancer cells by inducing the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Metastasis is a major obstacle to successful cancer therapy, and is closely linked to the rates of morbidity and mortality of many cancers...
January 30, 2017: Molecular Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089831/monomethyltransferase-setd8-regulates-breast-cancer-metabolism-via-stabilizing-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1%C3%AE
#19
Run Huang, Yang Yu, Xiangyun Zong, Xiaolin Li, Lisi Ma, Qi Zheng
SETD8 is a methyltransferase that specifically catalyzes the monomethylation of lysine 20 on histone H4. Previous studies have demonstrated that SETD8 is associated with proper cell cycle progression, DNA damage response, and transcriptional regulation. A recent study revealed that SETD8 played an important role in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in association with TWIST and enhanced metastatic potential of breast cancer cells. However, the contribution of SETD8 to metabolism reprogramming, one hallmark of cancer, has never been reported...
April 1, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089517/hypoxia-induces-a-hif-1-dependent-transition-from-collective-to-amoeboid-dissemination-in-epithelial-cancer-cells
#20
Steffi Lehmann, Veronika Te Boekhorst, Julia Odenthal, Roberta Bianchi, Sjoerd van Helvert, Kristian Ikenberg, Olga Ilina, Szymon Stoma, Jael Xandry, Liying Jiang, Reidar Grenman, Markus Rudin, Peter Friedl
Cancer metastases arise from a multi-step process that requires metastasizing tumor cells to adapt to signaling input from varying tissue environments [1]. As an early metastatic event, cancer cell dissemination occurs through different migration programs, including multicellular, collective, and single-cell mesenchymal or amoeboid migration [2-4]. Migration modes can interconvert based on changes in cell adhesion, cytoskeletal mechanotransduction [5], and/or proteolysis [6], most likely under the control of transcriptional programs such as the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) [7, 8]...
February 6, 2017: Current Biology: CB
keyword
keyword
84849
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"