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Ethics and professionalism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077910/the-first-mediterranean-seminar-on-science-writing-editing-and-publishing-sarajevo-december-2-3-2016
#1
REVIEW
Izet Masic, Doncho Donev, Osman Sinanovic, Miro Jakovljevic, Enver Zerem, Dejan B Milosevic, Srecko Gajovic, Armen Yuri Gasparyan, Sekib Sokolovic, Nermin Salkic, Selma Uzunovic, Silva Dobric, Floreta Kurti, Edin Begic, Admir Kurtcehajic
The First Mediterranean Seminar on Science Writing, Editing & Publishing (SWEP 2016) was held in Sarajevo, Bosnia & Herzegovina from 2nd to 3rd December 2016. It was organized by Academy of Medical Sciences of Bosnia and Herzegovina, running concurrent sessions as part of its Annual Meeting titled " "Days of AMNuBiH - Theory and Practice in Science Communication and Scientometrics". Hotel Bosnia in the city centre was the chosen venue. On the first day, nineteen presentations on various issues of science writing and publication ethics were delivered by speakers from Croatia, Serbia, Macedonia, Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina and the UK (Asim Kurjak, Milivoj Boranić, Doncho Donev, Osman Sinanović, Miro Jakovljević, Enver Zerem, Dejan Milošević, Silva Dobrić, Srećko Gajović, Izet Mašić, Armen Yuri Gasparyan, Šekib Sokolović, Nermin Salkić, Selma Uzunović, Admir Kurtčehajić, Edin Begić and Floreta Kurti)...
December 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077830/-path-analysis-of-the-influence-of-hospital-ethical-climate-perceived-by-nurses-on-supervisor-trust-and-organizational-effectiveness
#2
Yoon Goo Noh, Myun Sook Jung
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the paths of influence that a hospital's ethical climate exerts on nurses' organizational commitment and organizational citizenship behavior, with supervisor trust as the mediating factor, and verify compatibility of the models in hospital nurses. METHODS: The sample consisted of 374 nurses recruited from four hospitals in 3 cities in Korea. The measurements included the Ethical Climate Questionnaire, Supervisor Trust Questionnaire, Organizational Commitment Questionnaire and Organizational Citizenship Behavior Questionnaire...
December 2016: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076489/robotic-surgery-bioethical-aspects
#3
Rodrigo Siqueira-Batista, Camila Ribeiro Souza, Polyana Mendes Maia, Sávio Lana Siqueira
Introduction: The use of robots in surgery has been increasingly common today, allowing the emergence of numerous bioethical issues in this area. Objective: To present review of the ethical aspects of robot use in surgery. Method: Search in Pubmed, SciELO and Lilacs crossing the headings "bioethics", "surgery", "ethics", "laparoscopy" and "robotic". Results: Of the citations obtained, were selected 17 articles, which were used for the preparation of the article...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074754/legal-and-ethical-imperatives-for-using-certified-sign-language-interpreters-in-health-care-settings-how-to-do-no-harm-when-it-s-all-greek-sign-language-to-you
#4
Angela M Nonaka
Communication obstacles in health care settings adversely impact patient-practitioner interactions by impeding service efficiency, reducing mutual trust and satisfaction, or even endangering health outcomes. When interlocutors are separated by language, interpreters are required. The efficacy of interpreting, however, is constrained not just by interpreters' competence but also by health care providers' facility working with interpreters. Deaf individuals whose preferred form of communication is a signed language often encounter communicative barriers in health care settings...
September 1, 2016: Care Management Journals: Journal of Case Management ; the Journal of Long Term Home Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074587/after-the-dnr-surrogates-who-persist-in-requesting-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#5
Ellen M Robinson, Wendy Cadge, Angelika A Zollfrank, M Cornelia Cremens, Andrew M Courtwright
Some health care organizations allow physicians to withhold cardiopulmonary resuscitation from a patient, despite patient or surrogate requests that it be provided, when they believe it will be more harmful than beneficial. Such cases usually involve patients with terminal diagnoses whose medical teams argue that aggressive treatments are medically inappropriate or likely to be harmful. Although there is state-to-state variability and a considerable judicial gray area about the conditions and mechanisms for refusals to perform CPR, medical teams typically follow a set of clearly defined procedures for these decisions...
January 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074584/the-limits-of-surrogates-moral-authority-and-physician-professionalism-can-the-paradigm-of-palliative-sedation-be-instructive
#6
Jeffrey T Berger
With narrow exception, physicians' treatment of incapacitated patients requires the consent of health surrogates. Although the decision-making authority of surrogates is appropriately broad, their moral authority is not without limits. Discerning these bounds is particularly germane to ethically complex treatments and has important implications for the welfare of patients, for the professional integrity of clinicians, and, in fact, for the welfare of surrogates. Palliative sedation is one such complex treatment; as such, it provides a valuable model for analyzing the scope of surrogates' moral authority...
January 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071246/family-perspectives-on-organ-and-tissue-donation-for-transplantation-a-principlist-analysis
#7
Marcelo José Dos Santos, Lydia Feito
BACKGROUND: The family interview context is permeated by numerous ethical issues which may generate conflicts and impact on organ donation process. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to analyze the family interview process with a focus on principlist bioethics. METHOD: This exploratory, descriptive study uses a qualitative approach. The speeches were collected using the following prompt: "Talk about the family interview for the donation of organs and tissues for transplantation, from the preparation for the interview to the decision of the family to donate or not...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068875/online-counseling-an-exploratory-survey-of-italian-psychologists-attitudes-towards-new-ways-of-interaction
#8
Sabrina Cipolletta, Damiano Mocellin
OBJECTIVE: Online counseling may be defined as an interaction between users and mental health professionals that takes place through computer mediated communication technology. This study aimed to investigate the attitudes of Italian psychologists towards different aspects of online counseling provided via email, chat, forums, and videoconference. METHOD: An online questionnaire was administered to a sample of 289 licensed psychologists in the Veneto Region (Italy) in order to collect opinions, preferences, and intentions to use online modalities, along with prior knowledge and practice experiences...
January 9, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068679/-pneumothorax-following-dry-needling-treatment-legal-and-ethical-aspects
#9
Gianpaolo Ronconi, Fabio De Giorgio, Eleonora Ricci, Loredana Maggi, Antonio G Spagnolo, Paola Emilia Ferrara
Trigger point "dry needling" is a technique used to treat myofascial pain. It involves using filiform needles which are inserted into muscles to give local pain relief. Few cases of serious adverse events following this treatment have been reported in the literature. In this paper we describe the case of a professional swimmer who developed pneumothorax after dry needling treatment and discuss the medicolegal and ethical aspects related to competencies and responsibilities of medical doctors and physiotherapists performing the procedure...
September 2016: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065430/informed-consent-in-dental-care-and-research-for-the-older-adult-population-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Amrita Mukherjee, Alicia A Livinski, Joseph Millum, Steffany Chamut, Shahdokht Boroumand, Timothy J Iafolla, Margo R Adesanya, Bruce A Dye
BACKGROUND: Ethics in health care and research is based on the fundamental principle of informed consent. However, informed consent in geriatric dentistry is not well documented. Poor health, cognitive decline, and the passive nature of many geriatric patients complicate this issue. METHODS: The authors completed this systematic review according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. The authors searched the PubMed (MEDLINE), Web of Science, PsycINFO, and Cochrane Library databases...
January 5, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064252/philosophical-provocation-the-lifeblood-of-clinical-ethics
#11
Laurence B McCullough
The daily work of the clinical ethics teacher and clinical ethics consultant falls into the routine of classifying clinical cases by ethical type and proposing ethically justified alternatives for the professionally responsible management of a specific type of case. Settling too far into this routine creates the risk of philosophical inertia, which is not good either for the clinical ethicist or for the field of clinical ethics. The antidote to this philosophical inertia and resultant blinkered vision of clinical ethics is sustained, willing exposure to philosophical provocation...
February 2017: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063105/the-moral-of-the-tale-stories-trust-and-public-engagement-with-clinical-ethics-via-radio-and-theatre
#12
Deborah Bowman
Trust is frequently discussed with reference to the professional-patient relationship. However, trust is less explored in relation to the ways in which understanding of, and responses to, questions of ethics are discussed by both the "public" and "experts." Public engagement activity in healthcare ethics may invoke "trust" in analysing a moral question or problem but less frequently conceives of trust as integral to "public engagement" itself. This paper explores the relationship between trust and the ways in which questions of healthcare ethics are identified and negotiated by both "experts" and the public...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060981/-communication-of-medical-errors-to-patients-questions-and-tools
#13
María Luz Bascuñán, Ana María Arriagada
For several years and in many different ways, medical errors have been studied. As expected, the majority of efforts have been directed to prevent clinical errors during the different phases of health care. Nevertheless, less attention has been given to what happens when a negative effect has already occurred. The present work describes the doubts and difficulties that doctors deal with when facing an error and to describe the communicational tools that the literature offers to cope with them. The definition of medical error was the starting point that was used to later analyze the evidence about what, why and how to inform medical errors from an ethical and technical point of view...
September 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060077/ethical-issues-in-transnational-eye-banking
#14
Dominique E Martin, Richard Kelly, Gary L A Jones, Heather Machin, Graeme A Pollock
PURPOSE: To review ethical issues that may arise in the setting of transnational eye banking activities, such as when exporting or importing corneal tissue for transplantation. METHODS: A principle-based normative analysis of potential common dilemmas in transnational eye banking activities was performed. RESULTS: Transnational activities in eye banking, like those in other fields involving procurement and use of medical products of human origin, may present a number of ethical issues for policy makers and professionals...
February 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059696/can-i-help-you-information-sharing-in-online-discussion-forums-by-people-living-with-a-long-term-condition
#15
Carol S Bond, Osman Hassan Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Peer-to-peer health care is increasing, especially amongst people living with a long-term condition. How information is shared is, however, sometimes of concern to health care professionals. OBJECTIVE: This study explored what information is being shared on health-related discussion boards and identified the approaches people used to signpost their peers to information. METHODS: This study was conducted using a qualitative content analysis methodology to explore information shared on discussion boards for people living with diabetes...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058032/understanding-patient-perspectives-on-management-of-their-chronic-pain-online-survey-protocol
#16
Manasi Gaikwad, Simon Vanlint, G Lorimer Moseley, Murthy N Mittinty, Nigel Stocks
BACKGROUND: It is widely recognized that both doctors and patients report discontent regarding pain management provided and received. The impact of chronic pain on an individual's life resonates beyond physical and mental suffering; equal or at times even greater impact is observed on an individual's personal relationships, ability to work, and social interactions. The degree of these effects in each individual varies, mainly because of differences in biological factors, social environment, past experiences, support, and belief systems...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057958/reviewer-acknowledgments
#17
(no author information available yet)
We thank all the peer reviewers who completed manuscript reviews for Hospital Pharmacy in 2016. These professionals contributed their time and expertise to ensure that the articles published were clinically relevant and of high scientific quality and adhered to ethical standards. We honor their contributions to the field through this important, and often unrecognized, activity.
December 2016: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054525/questionnaire-survey-to-assess-the-pattern-and-characteristics-of-cell-phone-usage-among-indian-oncologists
#18
Anusheel Munshi, Debanarayan Dutta, Pramod Tike, Jai Prakash Agarwal
PURPOSE: Obtain baseline data of cell-phone usage in the medical (MO), surgical (SO) and radiation (RO) oncology community practicing in India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Indigenously prepared cell-phone usage related questionnaire was used in the present study after approval by the Institutional Ethics/Scientific Committees. The questionnaire had 41 items and was made to assess the cell-phone usage parameters, utility in clinical practice, awareness, and to compare parameters between oncology specialties...
July 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052721/the-practice-of-terminal-discharge
#19
Lalit Kumar Radha Krishna, Vengadasalam Murugam, Daniel Song Chiek Quah
'Terminal discharges' are carried out in Singapore for patients who wish to die at home. However, if due diligence is not exercised, parallels may be drawn with euthanasia. We present a theoretical discussion beginning with the definition of terminal discharges and the reasons why they are carried out in Singapore. By considering the intention behind terminal discharges and utilising a multidisciplinary team to deliberate on the clinical, social and ethical intricacies with a patient- and context-specific approach, euthanasia is avoided...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050911/caring-for-elder-patients
#20
Karin Nordström, Tenzin Wangmo
BACKGROUND: Neglect and abuse of elders in care institutions is a recurring issue in the media. Elders in care institutions are vulnerable due to their physical, cognitive, and verbal limitations. Such vulnerabilities may make them more susceptible to mistreatment by caregivers on whom they are heavily dependent. OBJECTIVES: The goal was to understand caregivers' concerns about ensuring correct and proper treatment, as well as their experiences with neglect and abuse of older patients...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
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