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Ethics and professionalism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345214/deciding-to-adopt-revised-and-new-psychological-and-neuropsychological-tests-an-inter-organizational-position-paper
#1
Shane S Bush, Jerry J Sweet, Kevin J Bianchini, Doug Johnson-Greene, Pamela M Dean, Mike R Schoenberg
OBJECTIVE: Neuropsychological tests undergo periodic revision intended to improve psychometric properties, normative data, relevance of stimuli, and ease of administration. In addition, new tests are developed to evaluate psychological and neuropsychological constructs, often purporting to improve evaluation effectiveness. However, there is limited professional guidance to neuropsychologists concerning the decision to adopt a revised version of a test and/or replace an older test with a new test purporting to measure the same or overlapping constructs...
January 18, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344527/medical-students-experiences-and-perspective-on-unprofessional-behavior-in-clinical-practice
#2
Zeinab Jamalabadi, Sedigheh Ebrahimi
Introduction: Recognition of professional and unprofessional behaviors is the most important and fundamental factor which affects the relationships between the doctors and patients. Therefore, in order to progress in their professional life, doctors are supposed to understand and follow these behaviors. Methods: This is a cross-sectional, descriptive analytical study. All students in teaching hospital of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences were eligible to participate (374 individuals with census method)...
January 2018: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344453/introduction-of-medical-humanities-in-mbbs-1st-year
#3
Shaista M Saiyad, Swapnil J Paralikar, Anita P Verma
Context: Most vital areas of patient management such as empathy, professionalism, and ethics are lacking in fresh undergraduates. These areas are considered to be part of hidden curriculum, and as these are not formally taught, we lack competent medical graduates. Introduction of medical humanities (MH) early in the medical curriculum can help to inculcate required soft skills. Aims: This study aims to develop, administer, and evaluate MH module in 1st year MBBS students...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344397/a-cross-sectional-study-of-stress-and-its-sources-among-health-professional-students-at-makerere-university-uganda
#4
Sharon Bright Amanya, Joyce Nakitende, Tom Denis Ngabirano
Aim: To assess prevalence of stress and its sources among undergraduate health professional students at Makerere University. Design: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study using quantitative methods of data collection. Methods: The study was conducted among 258 undergraduate health professional students (Medical, Dental and, Nursing students) at Makerere University. From each programme, students were recruited proportionately, while being selected conveniently from each year of study...
January 2018: Nursing Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344394/patient-participation-a-prerequisite-for-care-a-grounded-theory-study-of-healthcare-professionals-perceptions-of-what-participation-means-in-a-paediatric-care-context
#5
Ing-Marie Carlsson, Jens M Nygren, Petra Svedberg
Aims: To explore healthcare professionals' perceptions of what patient participation means in a paediatric care context . Design: A qualitative explorative design with grounded theory. Methods: Fifteen healthcare professionals who worked in paediatric care settings were either interviewed or asked open-ended questions in a survey, during December 2015-May 2016. Grounded theory was used as a method. Results: The study results provide a theoretical conceptualization of what patient participation meant for healthcare professionals in paediatric care and how participation was enabled...
January 2018: Nursing Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341201/diversity-in-cancer-care-exploring-social-categories-in-encounters-between-healthcare-professionals-and-breast-cancer-patients
#6
Nanna Nyholm, Ida Halvorsen, Anna Mygind, Ulla Christensen, Maria Kristiansen
BACKGROUND: The burden of breast cancer is a key challenge for women's health globally. Rehabilitation needs and strategies for living with long-term consequences of breast cancer and its treatment cannot be isolated from the social contexts of patients, including relationships with relatives and healthcare professionals. AIM: This study explores how healthcare professionals' categorisations engage with breast cancer patients' social identities in encounters about rehabilitation before hospital discharge...
January 17, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334953/care-relationships-at-stake-home-healthcare-professionals-experiences-with-digital-medicine-dispensers-a-qualitative-study
#7
Sigrid Nakrem, Marit Solbjør, Ida Nilstad Pettersen, Hanne Hestvik Kleiven
BACKGROUND: Although digital technologies can mitigate the burdens of home healthcare services caused by an ageing population that lives at home longer with complex health problems, research on the impacts and consequences of digitalised remote communication between patients and caregivers is lacking. The present study explores how home healthcare professionals had experienced the introduction of digital medicine dispensers and their influence on patient-caregiver relationships. METHODS: The multi-case study comprised semi-structured interviews with 21 healthcare professionals whose home healthcare service involved using the digital medicine dispensers...
January 15, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334818/relationship-between-nurses-moral-sensitivity-and-the-quality-of-care
#8
Elham Amiri, Ebrahimi Hossein, Vahidi Maryam, Asghari Jafarabadi Mohamad, Namdar Areahtanab Hossein
BACKGROUND: To provide care with high quality, nurses face a number of moral issues requiring them to have moral abilities in professional performance. Moral sensitivity is the first step in moral performance. However, its relation to the quality of care patients receive is controversial. RESEARCH OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine the relationship between the moral sensitivity of nurses and the quality of care received by patients in the medical wards. RESEARCH DESIGN: A descriptive correlational study using validated tools, including Moral Sensitivity Questionnaire and the Quality Patient Quality Scale...
January 1, 2018: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331259/public-and-physician-s-expectations-and-ethical-concerns-about-electronic-health-record-benefits-outweigh-risks-except-for-information-security
#9
Eleni Entzeridou, Evgenia Markopoulou, Vasiliki Mollaki
INTRODUCTION: Electronic Health Record systems (EHRs) offer numerous benefits in health care but also pose certain risks. As we progress toward the implementation of EHRs, a more in-depth understanding of attitudes that influence overall levels of EHR support is required. OBJECTIVES: To record public and physicians' awareness, expectations for, and ethical concerns about the use of EHRs. METHODS: A convenience sample was surveyed for both the public and physicians...
February 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328802/case-study-laparoscopic-appendicectomy-requirements-and-human-factors-surrounding-emergency-care
#10
Julie Widdecombe, Mark Owen
The purpose of this case study is to inform practitioners of the requirements for non-scheduled surgery and the legal, professional and ethical issues surrounding emergencies. Areas for learning include the surgical requirements for appendectomy, evaluation of the differences between scheduled and unscheduled care, and consideration of the vital role that human factors play in emergency situations.
May 2017: Journal of Perioperative Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327405/from-non-encounters-to-autonomic-agency-conceptions-of-patients-with-low-back-pain-about-their-encounters-in-the-health-care-system
#11
Riikka Holopainen, Arja Piirainen, Ari Heinonen, Jaro Karppinen, Peter O'Sullivan
Low back pain is a considerable health problem which affects people around the world, causing major healthcare costs. The use of qualitative research methods enables us to describe and understand patients' experience of, and attitudes to, healthcare. The aim of the present phenomenographic study was to identify and describe the contextual nature of the conceptions of patients with low back pain of their encounters in the HCS. Seventeen patients with chronic or episodic low back pain classified as "high risk" were interviewed in open recall interviews, using videos of patients' initial physiotherapy sessions that had been recorded previously...
January 12, 2018: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327398/ways-of-knowing-on-the-internet-a-qualitative-review-of-cancer-websites-from-a-critical-nursing-perspective
#12
Kristen R Haase, Roanne T Thomas, Wendy Gifford, Lorraine F Holtslander
People diagnosed with cancer typically want information from their doctor or nurse. However, many individuals now turn to the Internet to tackle unmet information needs and to complement healthcare professional information. The purpose of this study was to qualitatively explore the content of commonly searched cancer websites from a critical nursing perspective, as this information is accessible, and allows patients to address their information needs in ways that healthcare professionals cannot. This qualitative examination of websites is informed by Carper's fundamental patterns of knowing and complemented with the critical view to technology espoused by the philosophy of technology...
January 12, 2018: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326197/parents-2-study-protocol-pilot-of-parents-active-role-and-engagement-in-the-review-of-their-stillbirth-perinatal-death
#13
Danya Bakhbakhi, Dimitrios Siassakos, Claire Storey, Alexander Heazell, Mary Lynch, Laura Timlin, Christy Burden
BACKGROUND: The perinatal mortality review meeting that takes place within the hospital following a stillbirth or neonatal death enables clinicians to learn vital lessons to improve care for women and their families for the future. Recent evidence suggests that parents are unaware that a formal review following the death of their baby takes place. Many would welcome the opportunity to feedback into the meeting itself. Parental involvement in the perinatal mortality review meeting has the potential to improve patient satisfaction, drive improvements in patient safety and promote an open culture within healthcare...
January 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325614/ethical-issues-in-neurogenetics
#14
Wendy R Uhlmann, J Scott Roberts
Many neurogenetic conditions are inherited and therefore diagnosis of a patient will have implications for the patient's relatives and can raise ethical issues. Predictive genetic testing offers asymptomatic relatives the opportunity to determine their risk status for a neurogenetic condition, and professional guidelines emphasize patients' autonomy and informed, voluntary decision making. Beneficence and nonmaleficence both need to be considered when making decisions about disclosure and nondisclosure of genetic information and test results...
2018: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325571/development-of-a-hospital-based-patient-reported-outcome-framework-for-lung-cancer-patients-a-study-protocol
#15
Natasha Moloczij, Karla Gough, Benjamin Solomon, David Ball, Linda Mileshkin, Mary Duffy, Mei Krishnasamy
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcome (PRO) data is central to the delivery of quality health care. Establishing sustainable, reliable and cost-efficient methods for routine collection and integration of PRO data into health information systems is challenging. This protocol paper describes the design and structure of a study to develop and pilot test a PRO framework to systematically and longitudinally collect PRO data from a cohort of lung cancer patients at a comprehensive cancer centre in Australia...
January 11, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324938/deontological-aspects-of-the-nursing-profession-understanding-the-code-of-ethics
#16
Terezinha Nunes da Silva, Maria Eliane Moreira Freire, Monica Ferreira de Vasconcelos, Sergio Vital da Silva Junior, Wilton José de Carvalho Silva, Patrícia da Silva Araújo, Allan Victor Assis Eloy
OBJECTIVE: to investigate nursing professionals' understanding concerning the Code of Ethics; to assess the relevance of the Code of Ethics of the nursing profession and its use in practice; to identify how problem-solving is performed when facing ethical dilemmas in professional practice. METHOD: exploratory descriptive study, conducted with 34 (thirty-four) nursing professionals from a teaching hospital in João Pessoa, PB - Brazil. RESULTS: four thematic categories emerged: conception of professional ethics in nursing practice; interpretations of ethics in the practice of care; use of the Code of Ethics in the professional practice; strategies for solving ethical issues in the professional practice...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321068/psychosocial-issues-discovered-through-reflective-group-dialogue-between-medical-students
#17
Shao-Yin Chu, Chi-Wei Lin, Meei-Ju Lin, Chin-Chen Wen
BACKGROUND: The biopsychosocial model is a comprehensive approach emphasizing holistic medical care. However, medical curricula that incorporate narrative reflective writing and group dynamic discussion of psychosocial issues among patients and their family members in reflective dialogue groups are currently underutilized. The aim of this study was to determine psychosocial issues among patients and their family members through medical students' reflective dialogue groups. METHODS: This study was completed as part of a pediatric clerkship...
January 10, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318730/mentorship-in-the-health-professions-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Annette Burgess, Christie van Diggele, Craig Mellis
BACKGROUND: The importance of mentorship within health care training is well recognised. It offers a means to further enhance workforce performance and engagement, promote learning opportunities and encourage multidisciplinary collaboration. There are both career and life benefits associated with mentorship, and it is increasingly recognised as a bidirectional process that benefits both mentors and mentees. Recently, mentoring has been considered an essential step in professional and personal development, particularly in the field of health care...
January 10, 2018: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317417/patients-and-therapists-experiences-with-a-new-treatment-programme-for-eating-disorders-that-combines-physical-exercise-and-dietary-therapy-the-ped-t-trial-a-qualitative-study-protocol
#19
Gunn Pettersen, Jan H Rosenvinge, Maria Bakland, Rolf Wynn, Therese Fostervold Mathisen, Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen
INTRODUCTION: Women with bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder often suffer for many years before they seek professional help. Evidence-based treatments like cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) might be poorly accessible, and about 50% of those who receive CBT respond to it. Such outcome may reflect the heterogeneous nature of eating disorders, and addressing this heterogeneity calls for expanding the portfolio of treatment options. In particular, it is important to explore such options' acceptability, tolerability and affordability expressed through experiences with the treatment...
January 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315916/ethical-responsibilities-of-pharmacists-when-selling-complementary-medicines-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Amber Salman Popattia, Sarah Winch, Adam La Caze
OBJECTIVE: The widespread sale of complementary medicines in community pharmacy raises important questions regarding the responsibilities of pharmacists when selling complementary medicines. This study reviews the academic literature that explores a pharmacist's responsibilities when selling complementary medicines. METHODS: International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, Embase, PubMed, Cinahl, PsycINFO and Philosopher's index databases were searched for articles written in English and published between 1995 and 2017...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
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