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Exercise recovery

Hiroshi Takasaki, Stephen May
BACKGROUND: In Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy (MDT), patients with low back pain (LBP) are classified into subgroups to guide a management strategy. A common subgroup where symptoms improve with lumbar extension is labeled posterior derangement syndrome. A less common subgroup where symptoms improve with lumbar flexion is labeled anterior derangement syndrome. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient was a 23-year-old woman with intermittent LBP and discomfort over the left lower extremity was initially diagnosis with posterior derangement syndrome...
June 22, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Kenichi Yanaka, Kazuhiko Nakayama, Toshiro Shinke, Yuto Shinkura, Yu Taniguchi, Hiroto Kinutani, Naoki Tamada, Hiroyuki Onishi, Yasunori Tsuboi, Seimi Satomi-Kobayashi, Hiromasa Otake, Hiroshi Tanaka, Yutaka Okita, Noriaki Emoto, Ken-Ichi Hirata
BACKGROUND: Residual symptoms after pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA) remain as the clinical issues to be solved. Additional balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA) after PEA showed its efficacy with symptoms in a case series, although long-term spontaneous recovery of exercise ability after PEA was also reported. However, no studies have validated the clinical efficacy of additional BPA by directly comparing PEA with and without BPA. The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the efficacy of additional BPA as a sequential hybrid therapy for chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension after PEA...
June 21, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
Molly Sharp, Anu Gulati, Chris Barker, Kirsten Barnicot
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests an unmet need for provision of psychological interventions in inpatient psychiatric settings. However, inpatient wards can present a challenging environment in which to implement interventions. The authors developed the Emotional Coping Skills workbook, a psychosocial intervention designed to overcome these challenges and provide inpatients with an opportunity for psychologically-informed therapeutic engagement. The workbook includes information and exercises to empower inpatients to understand their emotions and learn to cope with their distress...
June 22, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Lara DePadilla, Gabrielle F Miller, Sherry Everett Jones, Alexis B Peterson, Matthew J Breiding
Increased susceptibility to concussions and longer recovery times among high school athletes compared with older athletes (1) make concussions among youths playing a sport or being physically active an area of concern. Short-term and long-term sequelae of concussions can include cognitive, affective, and behavioral changes (1). Surveillance methods used to monitor concussions among youths likely underestimate the prevalence. Estimates assessed from emergency departments miss concussions treated outside hospitals, those generated using high school athletic trainer reports miss concussions sustained outside of school-based sports (2), and both sources miss medically untreated concussions...
June 22, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Håvard Hamarsland, Gøran Paulsen, Paul A Solberg, Ole Gunnar Slaathaug, Truls Raastad
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of an arduous one-week military course on measures of physical performance, body composition and blood biomarkers. METHODS: Participants were apprentices in an annual selection course for the Norwegian Special Forces. Fifteen soldiers (23±4 yrs., 1.81±0.06 m, 78±7 kg) completed a hell-week consisting of rigorous activity only interspersed by 2-3 hours of sleep per day. Testing was conducted before and 0, 1, 3, 7 and 14 days after the hell-week...
June 21, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Junichi Ozawa, Seiko Ohno, Yusuke Fujii, Takeru Makiyama, Hiroshi Suzuki, Akihiko Saitoh, Minoru Horie
BACKGROUND: Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) has been often misdiagnosed as long QT syndrome (LQTS) type 1 (LQT1), which phenotypically mimics CPVT but has a relatively better prognosis.Methods and Results:The derivation and validation cohorts consisted of 146 and 21 patients, respectively, all of whom had exercise- or emotional stress-induced cardiac events. In the derivation cohort, 42 and 104 patients were first clinically diagnosed with CPVT and LQTS, respectively...
June 21, 2018: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
Dangui Zhang, Jieling Chen, William Ba-Thein
BACKGROUND: In contrast to the guidelines of World Health Organization (WHO) and United States-Centers for Disease Control and prevention (US-CDC), the Chinese national guidelines recommend the use of steroids, intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), or traditional Chinese herbs (TCHs) in hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD) management. Their use and therapeutic efficacies are, however, unclear. We aimed to describe their use in and the clinical outcomes of hospitalized HFMD cases. METHODS: A retrospective review of hospital medical records for HFMD cases during 2008-2016 was conducted in a medical school-affiliated tertiary hospital in Shantou, Guangdong, China...
June 20, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Ana Catarina Sousa, Ricardo J Fernandes, Joao Paulo Vilas Boas, Pedro Figueiredo
To provide information for high-intensity interval training (HIIT) load, we compared the temporal variables of VO2 response at, and after, a time sustained at the exercise intensity corresponding to VO2max (Tlim) in different exercise modes. Forty-five trained male swimmers (11), rowers (13), runners (10) and cyclists (11) completed an incremental protocol to determine the velocity (vVO2max ) or power (wVO2max ) at VO2max and a square wave exercise from rest to 100% of vVO2max /wVO2max . The temporal variables of VO2 response were examined using a breath-by-breath gas analyzer...
June 20, 2018: International Journal of Sports Medicine
Joshua Good, Eric Viana, Kirsten A Burgomaster, Shilpa Dogra
The purpose was to compare the airway response to sprint interval exercise (SIE) and continuous exercise (CE) in active adults with exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIBC), and to compare ventilatory and oxygen delivery responses between adults with and without EIBC. Adults with EIBC (n = 8, 22.3 ± 3.0 years) and adults without EIBC (n = 8, 22.3 ± 3.0 years) completed a SIE (4 × 30 s sprints separated by 4.5 min of active recovery) and CE (20 min at 65% peak power output) session. Lung function was assessed at baseline, during exercise, and up to 20 min post-exercise...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
Andrew David Govus, Erik Petrus Andersson, Oliver Michael Shannon, Holly Provis, Mathilda Karlsson, Kerry McGawley
This study investigated whether commercially available compression garments (COMP) exerting a moderate level of pressure and/or neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) accelerate recovery following a cross-country sprint skiing competition compared with a control group (CON) consisting of active recovery only. Twenty-one senior (12 males, 9 females) and 11 junior (6 males, 5 females) Swedish national team skiers performed an outdoor sprint skiing competition involving four sprints lasting ∼3-4 min. Before the competition, skiers were matched by sex and skiing level (senior versus junior) and randomly assigned to COMP (n = 11), NMES (n = 11) or CON (n = 10)...
June 20, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
Rugivan Sabaratnam, Andreas J T Pedersen, Jonas M Kristensen, Aase Handberg, Jørgen F P Wojtaszewski, Kurt Højlund
Regular exercise plays an important role in the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2D). The synthesis and secretion of myokines in response to contraction may contribute to the beneficial metabolic effects of exercise. However, some exercise-induced responses may be attenuated in T2D. Here, we investigated whether the effect of acute exercise on selected myokines are impaired in T2D. Skeletal muscle biopsies and blood samples were obtained from 13 men with T2D and 14 weight-matched, glucose-tolerant men before, immediately after and 3-h after acute exercise (60 min cycling) to examine muscle expression and plasma/serum levels of selected myokines...
June 2018: Physiological Reports
Romain Bouzigon, Gilles Ravier, Benoit Dugue, Frederic Grappe
Partial-body cryostimulation is used to improve recovery after exercise, especially during competitions or heavy training; however, a limited number of studies have been conducted with international-level athletes in situ during competitions. This study was undertaken to assess the thermal sensation ratings during 3 min of cold exposure (at -130°C) in 24 international-level athletes during the European Basketball Championship. The mean thermal sensation score, measured using a perceptive scale, increased significantly (p < 0...
June 2018: Journal of Human Kinetics
Mojgan Amiri, Reza Ghiasvand, Mojtaba Kaviani, Scott C Forbes, Amin Salehi-Abargouei
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Chocolate milk (CM) contains carbohydrates, proteins, and fat, as well as water and electrolytes, which may be ideal for post-exercise recovery. We systematically reviewed the evidence regarding the efficacy of CM compared to either water or other "sport drinks" on post-exercise recovery markers. SUBJECTS/METHODS: PubMed, Scopus, and Google scholar were explored up to April 2017 for controlled trials investigating the effect of CM on markers of recovery in trained athletes...
June 19, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Preet G S Makker, José Manuel Matamala, Susanna B Park, Justin G Lees, Matthew C Kiernan, David Burke, Gila Moalem-Taylor, James Howells
Non-invasive nerve excitability techniques have provided valuable insight into the understanding of neurological disorders. The widespread use of mice in translational research on peripheral nerve disorders and by pharmaceutical companies during drug development requires valid and reliable models that can be compared to humans. This study established a novel experimental protocol that enables comparative assessment of the excitability properties of motor and sensory axons at the same site in mouse caudal nerve, compared the mouse data to data for motor and sensory axons in human median nerve at the wrist, and constructed a mathematical model of the excitability of mouse axons...
June 19, 2018: Journal of the Peripheral Nervous System: JPNS
Monica Pusineri, Serena Monteleone, Elisabetta De Bernardi, Ambrogina Lanzi, Claudio Lisi, Elena Dalla Toffola, Ettore Carlisi
OBJECTIVES: Hand burn is not a common condition in the clinical practice and needs a long and laboured rehabilitative treatment to restore the lost function. METHODS: This case report illustrates the achievable improvements in mobility and function by using innovative inertial systems for occupational exercise in a Virtual Reality, in addition to a traditional rehabilitative treatment. RESULTS: Through these instruments, we could promote and concurrently assess the recovery of a functional grasp and the ability in the execution of Activities of Daily Living...
November 2017: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
Ricardo B Viana, Paulo Gentil, Vinício S Lorenço, Carlos A Vieira, Mário H Campos, Douglas A T Santos, Wellington F Silva, Marilia S Andrade, Rodrigo L Vancini, Claudio A B de Lira
Background: It is possible that physical education professionals, especially those who participate in aerobic activities, have predisposing factors, signs and symptoms of overreaching (OVR) and overtraining (OVT) due to a high load and volume of exercise followed by suboptimal recovery time. The present study aimed to identify the predisposing factors, signs and symptoms of OVR and OVT in physical education professionals. Methods: A questionnaire consisting of 42 questions (10 questions group) about predisposing factors and signs/symptoms was answered by 132 physical education professionals from both sexes (83 men and 49 women) who were allocated into a resistance training group (RG, n  = 74), aerobic training group (AG, n  = 20) and resistance and aerobic training group (RAG, n  = 38)...
2018: PeerJ
Dejan Kernc, Vojko Strojnik, Rok Vengust
BACKGROUND: To analyze the safety and effects of early initiation of rehabilitation including objective measurement outcomes after lumbar spine fusion based on principles of strength training. METHODS: The study recruited 27 patients, aged 45 to 70 years, who had undergone lumbar spine fusion. The method of concealed random allocation without blocking was used to form two groups. The strength training group started rehabilitation 3 weeks after surgery. Patients exercised twice weekly over 9 weeks focusing on muscle activation of lumbopelvic stabilization muscles...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Mark Christian Manio, Shigenobu Matsumura, Kazuo Inoue
BACKGROUND: Diets containing fats of different proportions and types have been demonstrated to influence metabolism. These fats differ in long chain fatty acids (LCFAs) or medium chain fatty acids (MCFAs) content. In our laboratory using swimming as the training modality, MCFAs increased endurance attributed to increased activities of oxidative enzymes. How it affects whole-body metabolism remains unexplored. The present study investigated the metabolic, biochemical and genetic adaptations with treadmill running as the training modality...
June 18, 2018: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
Alireza Rabbani, Mehdi Kargarfard, Craig Twist
Rabbani, A, Kargarfard, M, and Twist, C. Fitness monitoring in elite soccer players; group vs. individual analyses. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-The aims of this study were to (a) examine changes in group and individual HR measures during a submaximal warm-up test, and (b) investigate the relationship between accumulated internal training loads and HR changes during an in-season phase among elite soccer players (n = 14). Before and after an in-season phase (24 days), exercise HR (HRex) and HR recovery (HRR) expressed either as the number of beats recovered (HRR60s) or as the mean HR (HRpost1) during 1 minute of recovery were analyzed...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Mark R Noon, Rob S James, Neil D Clarke, Richard J Taylor, C Douglas Thake
The aim of this study was to determine the sensitivity of selected subjective and objective monitoring assessments in detecting changes in group and individual responses to low and high load bouts of high intensity intermittent exercise. In a counterbalanced crossover design, Thirteen Academy Rugby Union players (mean ± SD: age: 18 ± 1 years) performed a low load (15 min) and a high load (90 min) bout of high intensity intermittent exercise (Loughborough Intermittent Shuttle Test) one week apart. Monitoring assessments were performed immediately prior to and 20 h following each trial...
June 15, 2018: Sports
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