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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035982/comparison-of-the-effect-of-5-different-treatment-options-for-managing-patellar-tendinopathy-a-secondary-analysis
#1
Dafne van Rijn, Inge van den Akker-Scheek, Mirjam Steunebrink, Ron L Diercks, Johannes Zwerver, Henk van der Worp
OBJECTIVE: Currently, no treatments exist for patellar tendinopathy (PT) that guarantee quick and full recovery. Our objective was to assess which treatment option provides the best chance of clinical improvement and to assess the influence of patient and injury characteristics on the clinical effect of these treatments. DESIGN: A secondary analysis was performed on the combined databases of 3 previously performed double-blind randomized controlled trials. PATIENTS: In total, 138 patients with PT were included in the analysis...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035607/accuracy-of-w-recovery-kinetics-in-high-performance-cyclists-modelling-intermittent-work-capacity
#2
Jason C Bartram, Dominic Thewlis, David T Martin, Kevin I Norton
PURPOSE: With knowledge of an individual's critical power (CP) and W' the SKIBA 2 model provides a framework with which to track W' balance during intermittent high intensity work bouts. There are fears the time constant controlling the recovery rate of W' (τW') may require refinement to enable effective use in an elite population. METHODS: Four elite endurance cyclists completed an array of intermittent exercise protocols to volitional exhaustion. Each protocol lasted approximately 3...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035591/effect-of-intensified-endurance-training-on-pacing-and-performance-in-4000m-cycling-time-trials
#3
Alice M Wallett, Amy L Woods, Nathan G Versey, Laura A Garvican-Lewis, Marijke Welvaert, Kevin G Thompson
Studies examining pacing strategies during 4000m cycling time-trials (TTs) typically ensure participants are not pre-fatigued, however competitive cyclists often undertake TTs when already pre-fatigued. This study aimed to determine how TT pacing strategies and sprint characteristics of cyclists change during an intensified training period (mesocycle). Thirteen cyclists, regularly competing in A and B grade cycling races and consistently training (>10 h·wk-1 for 4±1 years), completed a six-week training mesocycle...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035586/hemoconcentration-during-maximum-exercise-in-miners-with-chronic-intermittent-exposure-to-hypobaric-hypoxia-3800%C3%A2-m
#4
Fernando A Moraga, Jorge Osorio, Rodrigo Calderón-Jofré, Andrés Pedreros
Moraga, Fernando A., Jorge Osorio, Rodrigo Calderón-Jofré, and Andrés Pedreros. Hemoconcentration during maximum exercise in miners with chronic intermittent exposure to hypobaric hypoxia (3800 m). High Alt Med Biol. 16:000-000, 2017. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of maximum exercise on hemoconcentration in miners with chronic intermittent hypobaric hypoxia (CIHH) at 3800 m. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixteen miners with CIHH at high altitude (3800 m) were subjected to maximum exercise levels on a cycle ergometer, increasing exercise load by 50 W every 3 minutes at sea level and high altitude (3800 m)...
October 16, 2017: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033851/effects-of-alpha-lactalbumin-or-whey-protein-isolate-on-muscle-damage-muscle-pain-and-mood-states-following-prolonged-strenuous-endurance-exercise
#5
Lu Qin, Stephen H S Wong, Feng-Hua Sun, Yu Huang, Sinead Sheridan, Cindy H P Sit
This study compared the effect of alpha-lactalbumin and whey protein on muscle damage, muscle pain, and mood states during short term recovery following strenuous prolonged exercise. In a two-stage crossover counterbalanced design, 12 endurance male runners were recruited (age: 30.4 ± 2.8 year, height: 172.7 ± 5.6 cm, body mass: 66.7 ± 6.5 kg, VO2max: 58.0 ± 6.9 ml/kg(-)/min), ran for 90 min at 70% VO2max, and followed by a 4-h recovery. Two treatments (carbohydrate+alpha-lactalbumin, CA; carbohydrate+whey protein isolate, CW) were applied during the main trials...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033512/heart-rate-recovery-as-a-novel-test-for-predicting-cardiac-involvement-in-beta-thalassemia-major
#6
Selcuk Kucukseymen, Isa Oner Yuksel, Goksel Cagirci, Erkan Koklu, Volkan Karakus, Serkan Cay, Gorkem Kus, Erdal Kurtoglu, Sakir Arslan
BACKGROUND: Abnormal heart rate recovery (HRR) is predictive of cardiac mortality. Autonomic abnormalities in beta-thalassemia major (TM) patients have been reported in previous studies. However, the importance of low HRR in exercise stress test in TM patients has not yet been ascertained. Therefore, this study will be the first of its kind in the literature. METHODS: Exercise stress test was performed on 56 TM patients who were being treated at the Thalassemia Center of our hospital, along with 46 non-TM iron deficiency anemia (IDA) patients as a control group...
July 2017: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032393/acute-effects-of-repeated-cycling-sprints-in-hypoxia-induced-by-voluntary-hypoventilation
#7
Xavier Woorons, Patrick Mucci, Julien Aucouturier, Agathe Anthierens, Grégoire P Millet
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the acute responses to repeated-sprint exercise (RSE) in hypoxia induced by voluntary hypoventilation at low lung volume (VHL). METHODS: Nine well-trained subjects performed two sets of eight 6-s sprints on a cycle ergometer followed by 24 s of inactive recovery. RSE was randomly carried out either with normal breathing (RSN) or with VHL (RSH-VHL). Peak (PPO) and mean power output (MPO) of each sprint were measured. Arterial oxygen saturation, heart rate (HR), gas exchange and muscle concentrations of oxy-([O2Hb]) and deoxyhaemoglobin/myoglobin ([HHb]) were continuously recorded throughout exercise...
October 14, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031538/everyday-stress-response-targets-in-the-science-of-behavior-change
#8
Joshua M Smyth, Martin J Sliwinski, Matthew J Zawadzki, Stacey B Scott, David E Conroy, Stephanie T Lanza, David Marcusson-Clavertz, Jinhyuk Kim, Robert S Stawski, Catherine M Stoney, Orfeu M Buxton, Christopher N Sciamanna, Paige M Green, David M Almeida
Stress is an established risk factor for negative health outcomes, and responses to everyday stress can interfere with health behaviors such as exercise and sleep. In accordance with the Science of Behavior Change (SOBC) program, we apply an experimental medicine approach to identifying stress response targets, developing stress response assays, intervening upon these targets, and testing intervention effectiveness. We evaluate an ecologically valid, within-person approach to measuring the deleterious effects of everyday stress on physical activity and sleep patterns, examining multiple stress response components (i...
September 28, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030095/postoperative-rehabilitation-following-thumb-base-surgery-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#9
REVIEW
Robbert M Wouters, Jonathan Tsehaie, Steven E R Hovius, Burcu Dilek, Ruud W Selles
OBJECTIVE: To provide an overview of rehabilitation for patients who underwent CMC-1 arthroplasty, with emphasis on early active mobilization. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SELECTION: PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL and Cochrane were searched for articles written in English that described postoperative regime (including immobilization period/method and/or description of exercises/physical therapy, follow-up ≥six weeks) on CMC-1 arthroplasty. DATA EXTRACTION: The PRISMA statement was used as guidance in this review and methodological quality was assessed using the Effective Public Health Practice Project quality assessment tool...
October 10, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028365/exploring-self-care-and-preferred-supports-for-adult-parents-in-recovery-from-substance-use-disorders-qualitative-findings-from-a-feasibility-study
#10
Phyllis A Raynor, Charlene Pope, Janet York, Gigi Smith, Martina Mueller
Very little is known about the self-care behaviors (SCB) that adult parents employ and the preferred supports they utilize to maintain their recovery from substance use disorders (SUD) while also parenting their children. This study used a qualitative descriptive approach to explore perceptions of self-care and parenting to inform future self-care interventions for parents in early recovery. Nineteen mothers and fathers of at least one child between the ages of 6-18 were interviewed by telephone about parental self-care practices while in recovery from SUD, recovery management, and preferred supports in the community...
October 13, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025696/usability-test-of-exercise-games-designed-for-rehabilitation-of-elderly-patients-after-hip-replacement-surgery-pilot-study
#11
Yun Ling, Louis P Ter Meer, Zerrin Yumak, Remco C Veltkamp
BACKGROUND: Patients who receive rehabilitation after hip replacement surgery are shown to have increased muscle strength and better functional performance. However, traditional physiotherapy is often tedious and leads to poor adherence. Exercise games, provide ways for increasing the engagement of elderly patients and increase the uptake of rehabilitation exercises. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate Fietsgame (Dutch for cycling game), which translates existing rehabilitation exercises into fun exercise games...
October 12, 2017: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023563/influence-of-platinum-harmonized-textile-on-neuromuscular-systemic-and-subjective-recovery
#12
Fridolin Zinke, Patrick Bakenecker, Daniel Hahn
The clothing manufacturer Venex Life-Science tracks the strategy to enhance recovery process through implementing platinum harmonized technology (PHT) into their Venex® Regeneration Wear. The proposed mechanisms of the regeneration wear are an increase of parasympathetic activity and an increase of the temperature due far-infrared radiation. The purpose of this study was to investigate potential effects of Venex regeneration wear on the recovery of neuromuscular, systemic and subjective parameters following exercise...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023199/responses-of-low-and-high-compression-during-recovery-after-repeated-sprint-training-in-well-trained-handball-players
#13
Christoph Zinner, Maximilian Pelka, Alexander Ferrauti, Tim Meyer, Mark Pfeiffer, Billy Sperlich
The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of wearing various levels of compression following repeated and exhausting sprint exercise on variables related to recovery. Twelve well-trained handball players performed three sessions of repeated and exhausting sprint exercise (30 × 30m). Directly after each session the participants wore tights extending from below the hip to the foot with either 0, 10, or 25 mm Hg of compression onto the thigh and calf muscles. 48 h after the training session all participants performed 5 × 30m sprints and counter movement jumps...
October 12, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023174/subjective-responses-to-sprint-interval-exercise-in-adults-with-and-without-exercise-induced-bronchoconstriction
#14
Joshua Good, Shilpa Dogra
OBJECTIVE: Little is known of the subjective response to exercise that involves short "all out" bursts of effort, separated by recovery periods (sprint interval exercise (SPRINT)) among adults with exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIBC). The purpose of this study was to compare subjective responses to SPRINT and moderate intensity continuous exercise (MOD) among adults with EIBC, and to compare these responses between adults with EIBC and those without EIBC. METHODS: Eight adults (22...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018822/expression-of-neurotrophin-3-and-trkc-following-focal-cerebral-ischemia-in-adult-rat-brain-with-treadmill-exercise
#15
Jin-Young Chung, Min-Wook Kim, Wooseok Im, In Koo Hwang, Moon-Suk Bang, Manho Kim
Neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) is a neurotrophic factor that mainly binds to the tyrosine kinase C (trkC) receptor. NT-3 has been shown to have neuroprotective effects in focal cerebral ischemia. Exercise also has ability to induce functional recovery in focal cerebral ischemia. However, the relationship between NT-3, its receptor trkC, and exercise has not been revealed. In this study, we assessed the expressions of NT-3 and trkC in focal cerebral ischemia. We also assessed the expression of NT-3 and trkC with treadmill exercise in focal cerebral ischemia...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017969/vigorous-exercise-mobilizes-cd34-hematopoietic-stem-cells-to-peripheral-blood-via-the-%C3%AE-2-adrenergic-receptor
#16
Nadia H Agha, Forrest L Baker, Hawley E Kunz, Rachel Graff, Rod Azadan, Chad Dolan, Mitzi S Laughlin, Chitra Hosing, Melissa M Markofski, Richard A Bond, Catherine M Bollard, Richard J Simpson
Acute dynamic exercise mobilizes CD34+ hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) to the bloodstream, potentially serving as an economical adjuvant to boost the collection of HSCs from stem cell transplant donors. The mechanisms responsible for HSC mobilization with exercise are unknown but are likely due to hemodynamic perturbations, endogenous granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF), and/or β2-adrenergic receptor (β2-AR) signaling. We characterized the temporal response of HSC mobilization and plasma G-CSF following exercise, and determined the impact of in vivo β-AR blockade on the exercise-induced mobilization of HSCs...
October 7, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016479/the-effects-of-foam-rolling-as-a-recovery-tool-in-professional-soccer-players
#17
Ezequiel Rey, Alexis Padrón-Cabo, Pablo B Costa, Roberto Barcala-Furelos
Foam rolling (FR) is a common strategy used after training and competition by players. However, no previous studies have assessed the effectiveness of FR as recovery tool in sports populations. The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of FR (20 minutes of foam rolling exercises on quadriceps, hamstrings, adductors, gluteals, and gastrocnemius) and passive recovery (20 minutes sit on a bench) interventions performed immediately after a training session on Total Quality Recovery (TQR), perceived muscle soreness, jump performance, agility, sprint, and flexibility 24 hours after the training...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016478/subjective-and-objective-responses-to-two-rugby-7-s-world-series-competitions
#18
Peter M Fowler, Andrew Murray, Abdulaziz Farooq, Nick Lumley, Lee Taylor
The purpose was to examine the utility of subjective and objective measures of player preparedness, interpreted at both a group and individual level, during two consecutive competitions of the World Rugby Sevens Series (WRSS). Subjective (sleep, energy and muscle soreness ratings) and objective [heart rate (HR) at rest (HRREST) and in response to submaximal exercise (HREX)] measures were obtained from 16 male Rugby-7s players from one team for three consecutive days (D1-3) at home (HOME) and upon arrival at four tournament (T1-4) locations (T1-New Zealand and T2-USA; T3-Hong Kong and T4-Tokyo) across two WRSS competitions (two tournaments per competition) separated by 1 month...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994889/heart-rate-beat-to-beat-slope-change-during-six-minute-walk-test-a-useful-clinical-tool-for-estimating-fitness-level
#19
Abdulrahman Mohammed Alhowikan, Abdullah Alfaifi, Badr Almutairi, Omar Alzamil, Muath Aleid
BACKGROUND: The six-minute walk test (6MWT) is one of the most common exercise tests and is used to estimate the level of physical fitness. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of the beat-to-beat heart rate 6MWT slope (6MWTS) and recovery slope for predicting and estimating the level of physical fitness during 6MWT, instead of depending on the distance covered during the test. METHODS: Seventy healthy adult male subjects aged 18 to 27 years were recruited randomly from the general Saudi population in Riyadh...
December 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993881/maximal-rate-of-heart-rate-increase-correlates-with-fatigue-recovery-status-in-female-cyclists
#20
Maximillian J Nelson, Clint R Bellenger, Rebecca L Thomson, Eileen Y Robertson, Kade Davison, Daniela Schäfer Olstad, Jonathan D Buckley
PURPOSE: Being able to identify how an athlete is responding to training would be useful to optimise adaptation and performance. The maximal rate of heart rate increase (rHRI), a marker of heart rate acceleration has been shown to correlate with performance changes in response to changes in training load in male athletes; however, it has not been established if it also correlates with performance changes in female athletes. METHODS: rHRI and cycling performance were assessed in six female cyclists following 7 days of light training (LT), 14 days of heavy training (HT) and a 10 day taper period...
October 9, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
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