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Chronic cerebral hypoperfusion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106731/hypoxia-inducible-factor-1%C3%AE-promotes-endogenous-adaptive-response-in-rat-model-of-chronic-cerebral-hypoperfusion
#1
Ying Yang, Jieyang Ju, Min Deng, Jing Wang, Hui Liu, Li Xiong, Junjian Zhang
Hypoxia inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α), a pivotal regulator of gene expression in response to hypoxia and ischemia, is now considered to regulate both pro-survival and pro-death responses depending on the duration and severity of the stress. We previously showed that chronic global cerebral hypoperfusion (CCH) triggered long-lasting accumulation of HIF-1α protein in the hippocampus of rats. However, the role of the stabilized HIF-1α in CCH is obscure. Here, we knock down endogenous HIF-1α to determine whether and how HIF-1α affects the disease processes and phenotypes of CCH...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070001/neuroimaging-biomarkers-predict-brain-structural-connectivity-change-in-a-mouse-model-of-vascular-cognitive-impairment
#2
Philipp Boehm-Sturm, Martina Füchtemeier, Marco Foddis, Susanne Mueller, Rebecca C Trueman, Marietta Zille, Jan Leo Rinnenthal, Theodore Kypraios, Laurence Shaw, Ulrich Dirnagl, Tracy D Farr
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Chronic hypoperfusion in the mouse brain has been suggested to mimic aspects of vascular cognitive impairment, such as white matter damage. Although this model has attracted attention, our group has struggled to generate a reliable cognitive and pathological phenotype. This study aimed to identify neuroimaging biomarkers of brain pathology in aged, more severely hypoperfused mice. METHODS: We used magnetic resonance imaging to characterize brain degeneration in mice hypoperfused by refining the surgical procedure to use the smallest reported diameter microcoils (160 μm)...
January 9, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058581/the-role-of-autophagy-in-the-correlation-between-neuron-damage-and-cognitive-impairment-in-rat-chronic-cerebral-hypoperfusion
#3
Wenying Zou, Yufei Song, Yumei Li, Yu Du, Xiaojie Zhang, Jiangliang Fu
Pathological changes and cognitive impairment caused by chronic cerebral hypoperfusion (CCH) have been previously reported. However, how these changes progress remains unclear. Additionally, there are few studies regarding the mechanism underlying the involvement of autophagy in these processes. Two-step bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (BCCAO) was performed to replicate CCH in Sprague Dawley rats. The animals were divided into seven groups, including a sham group and 2-, 4-, 8-, 12-, 16-, and 20-week BCCAO groups (n = 7 per group)...
January 5, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042028/urb597-improves-cognitive-impairment-induced-by-chronic-cerebral-hypoperfusion-by-inhibiting-mtor-dependent-autophagy
#4
Dapeng Wang, Qi Lin, Shaohua Su, Kejia Liu, Yifang Wu, Jian Hai
Chronic cerebral hypoperfusion (CCH) is associated with various ischemic cerebrovascular diseases that are characterized by cognitive impairment. The role of autophagy in cognitive dysfunction under conditions of CCH is poorly understood. To address this issue, the present study investigated the effect of the fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) inhibitor URB597 on autophagy and cognition in a CCH model as well as the underlying mechanisms. Cognitive function was evaluated with the Morris water maze and by assessing long-term potentiation (LTP)...
December 30, 2016: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009234/combined-gene-therapy-with-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-plus-apelin-in-a-chronic-cerebral-hypoperfusion-model-in-rats
#5
Masafumi Hiramatsu, Tomohito Hishikawa, Koji Tokunaga, Hiroyasu Kidoya, Shingo Nishihiro, Jun Haruma, Tomohisa Shimizu, Yuji Takasugi, Yukei Shinji, Kenji Sugiu, Nobuyuki Takakura, Isao Date
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate whether combined gene therapy with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plus apelin during indirect vasoreconstructive surgery enhances brain angiogenesis in a chronic cerebral hypoperfusion model in rats. METHODS A chronic cerebral hypoperfusion model induced by the permanent ligation of bilateral common carotid arteries (CCAs; a procedure herein referred to as "CCA occlusion" [CCAO]) in rats was employed in this study. Seven days after the CCAO procedure, the authors performed encephalo-myo-synangiosis (EMS) and injected plasmid(s) into each rat's temporal muscle...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990002/cinepazide-maleate-improves-cognitive-function-and-protects-hippocampal-neurons-in-diabetic-rats-with-chronic-cerebral-hypoperfusion
#6
Yumei Li, Ting Zhang, Xiaojie Zhang, Wenying Zou, Xian Gong, Jianliang Fu
To determine the combined effect of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and chronic cerebral hypoperfusion (CCH) on learning and spatial memory, we developed a rat model of CCH by permanent occlusion of bilateral common carotid arteries (2VO) in high-fat diet (HFD)-fed rats injected with low-dose streptozotocin (STZ). Furthermore, we examined the effect of cinepazide maleate (CM) on cognitive deficits and brain damage in this rat model. Rats were maintained on HFD for 6 weeks and then injected with 35 mg/kg STZ to induce T2D...
December 17, 2016: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984208/oral-administration-of-grape-seed-polyphenol-extract-restores-memory-deficits-in-chronic-cerebral-hypoperfusion-rats
#7
Chen Chen, Yake Zheng, Tianwen Wu, Chuanjie Wu, Xuan Cheng
Chronic cerebral hypoperfusion (CCH) has been recognized as an important cause of both vascular dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD), the two most prominent neurodegenerative diseases causing memory impairment in the elderly. However, an effective therapy for CCH-induced memory impairment has not yet been established. Grape seed polyphenol extract (GSPE) has powerful antioxidant properties and protects neurons and glia during ischemic injury, but its potential use in the prevention of CCH-induced memory impairment has not yet been investigated...
December 14, 2016: Behavioural Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956237/the-ameliorative-effects-of-exercise-on-cognitive-impairment-and-white-matter-injury-from-blood-brain-barrier-disruption-induced-by-chronic-cerebral-hypoperfusion-in-adolescent-rats
#8
Jae-Min Lee, Jong-Min Park, Min Kyung Song, Yoo Joung Oh, Chang-Ju Kim, Youn-Jung Kim
Vascular dementia is the progressive change in blood vessels that leads to neuronal injuries in vulnerable areas induced by chronic cerebral hypoperfusion (CCH). CCH induces disruption of blood-brain barrier (BBB), and this BBB disruption can initiate the cognitive impairment and white matter injury. In the present study, we evaluated the effect of treadmill exercise on the cognitive impairment, white matter injury, and BBB disruption induced by CCH. Vascular dementia was induced by permanent bilateral common carotid arteries occlusion (BCCAO) in rats...
December 9, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933582/microrna-181c-ameliorates-cognitive-impairment-induced-by-chronic-cerebral-hypoperfusion-in-rats
#9
Chen Fang, Qian Li, Guowen Min, Min Liu, Jing Cui, Jing Sun, Liang Li
Chronic cerebral hypoperfusion (CCH) characterized by global cerebral ischemia is an important risk factor contributing to the development of dementia. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in the cellular adaptation to long-term ischemia/hypoxia by turning off or on the expression of target genes. MiR-181c is widely expressed in the nervous system, and tripartite motif 2 (TRIM2) is one of its target genes. In this work, we had identified that progressive spatial memory deficiency was induced in the bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (2-VO) rat models...
December 8, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923636/the-impact-of-early-aerobic-exercise-on-brain-microvascular-alterations-induced-by-cerebral-hypoperfusion
#10
Marina Leardini-Tristão, Juliana Pereira Borges, Felipe Freitas, Raquel Rangel, Anissa Daliry, Eduardo Tibiriçá, Vanessa Estato
The therapeutic potential of early exercise training following cerebral hypoperfusion was investigated on brain perfusion and inflammation in rats with permanent bilateral occlusion of the common carotid arteries (2VO). Wistar rats were subjected to 2VO or sham surgery and each group was then subdivided randomly into sedentary orexercisegroups. Early exercise training was initiated after three days of 2VO or sham surgery and consisted of seven days of treadmill training (30 min/day at ∼60% of maximal exercise test), composing four groups: 1) Sham sedentary (Sham-Sed), 2) Sham exercised (Sham-Ex), 3) 2VO sedentary (2VO-Sed) and 4) 2VO exercised (2VO-Ex)...
December 3, 2016: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923588/autophagy-and-akt-creb-signalling-play-an-important-role-in-the-neuroprotective-effect-of-nimodipine-in-a-rat-model-of-vascular-dementia
#11
Ming Hu, Zhijuan Liu, Peiyuan Lv, Hebo Wang, Yifei Zhu, Qianqian Qi, Jing Xu
The Akt/CREB signalling pathway is involved in neuronal survival and protection. Autophagy is also likely to be involved in survival mechanisms. Nimodipine is an L-type calcium channel antagonist that reduces excessive calcium influx during pathological conditions (contributing to its neuroprotective properties). However, the potential role of nimodipine in autophagic and Akt/CREB signalling is not well understood. In addition, little is known about the relationship between autophagic and Akt/CREB signalling...
December 3, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909230/the-protective-role-of-sex-hormones-in-females-and-exercise-prehabilitation-in-males-on-sternotomy-induced-cranial-hypoperfusion-in-aortic-banded-mini-swine
#12
T Dylan Olver, Jessica A Hiemstra, Jenna C Edwards, Brian S Ferguson, Harold Laughlin, Craig A Emter
During cardiac surgery, specifically sternotomy, cranial hypoperfusion is linked to cerebral ischemia, increased risk of perioperative watershed stroke and other neurocognitive complications. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively examine the effect of sex hormones in females and exercise prehabilitation in males on median sternotomy-induced changes in cranial perfusion in a large animal model of heart failure. Cranial blood flow (CBF) before, 10- and 60 min post-sternotomy was analyzed in eight groups of Yucatan mini-swine: female-control, aortic-banded, ovariectomized, and ovariectomized+aortic-banded; male-control, aortic-banded, aortic-banded+continuous exercise trained, and aortic-banded+interval exercise trained...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889749/contribution-of-p38-mapk-to-the-ameliorating-effect-of-enriched-environment-on-the-cognitive-deficits-induced-by-chronic-cerebral-hypoperfusion
#13
Yu-Wang Li, Qing-Yun Li, Jin-Hua Wang, Xiao-Lin Xu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: An enriched environment (EE) ameliorates learning and memory impairments induced by chronic cerebral hypoperfusion, and the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) signaling pathway exerts both beneficial and deleterious effects on the nervous system during the progression of ischemia. METHODS: The present study investigated whether p38 MAPK participates in the process by which EE exposure ameliorates the cognitive deficits induced by chronic cerebral hypoperfusion...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864848/age-related-small-vessel-disease-a-potential-contributor-to-neurodegeneration-in-multiple-sclerosis
#14
REVIEW
Ruth Geraldes, Margaret M Esiri, Gabriele C DeLuca, Jacqueline Palace
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory demyelinating disorder of the central nervous system wherein, after an initial phase of transient neurological defects, slow neurological deterioration due to progressive neuronal loss ensues. Age is a major determinant of MS progression onset and disability. Over the past years, several mechanisms have been proposed to explain the key drivers of neurodegeneration and disability accumulation in MS. However, the effect of commonly encountered age-related cerebral vessel disease, namely small vessel disease (SVD), has been largely neglected and constitutes the aim of this review...
November 19, 2016: Brain Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864280/edaravone-injection-reverses-learning-and-memory-deficits-in-a-rat-model-of-vascular-dementia
#15
Xu Li, Fen Lu, Wei Li, Lingzhi Qin, Yong Yao, Xuerong Ge, Qingkai Yu, Xinliang Liang, Dongmei Zhao, Xiaohong Li, Jiewen Zhang
Edaravone is a novel free radical scavenger that exerts neuroprotective effects by inhibiting endothelial injury and by ameliorating neuronal damage in brain ischemia. Recently, it was reported that edaravone could alleviate the pathology and cognitive deficits of Alzheimer's disease patients. However, its relevance to vascular dementia (VaD) is not clear. In this study, we partially occluded the bilateral carotid arteries of rats surgically to induce chronic cerebral hypoperfusion (CCH), a well-known rat model of VaD...
January 2017: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857746/protective-effects-of-carnosine-on-white-matter-damage-induced-by-chronic-cerebral-hypoperfusion
#16
Jing Ma, Shu-Hong Bo, Xiao-Tong Lu, A-Jing Xu, Jian Zhang
Carnosine is a dipeptide that scavenges free radicals, inhibits inflammation in the central nervous system, and protects against ischemic and hypoxic brain damage through its anti-oxidative and anti-apoptotic actions. Therefore, we hypothesized that carnosine would also protect against white matter damage caused by subcortical ischemic injury. White matter damage was induced by right unilateral common carotid artery occlusion in mice. The animals were treated with 200, 500 or 750 mg/kg carnosine by intraperitoneal injection 30 minutes before injury and every other day after injury...
September 2016: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834741/impaired-collateral-flow-compensation-during-chronic-cerebral-hypoperfusion-in-the-type-2-diabetic-mice
#17
Yasuo Nishijima, Yosuke Akamatsu, Shih Yen Yang, Chih Cheng Lee, Utku Baran, Shaozhen Song, Ruikang K Wang, Teiji Tominaga, Jialing Liu
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The presence of collaterals is associated with a reduced risk of stroke and transient ischemic attack in patients with steno-occlusive carotid artery disease. Although metabolic syndrome negatively impacts collateral status, it is unclear whether and to what extent type 2 diabetes mellitus affects cerebral collateral flow regulation during hypoperfusion. METHODS: We examined the spatial and temporal changes of the leptomeningeal collateral flow and the flow dynamics of the penetrating arterioles in the distal middle cerebral artery and anterior cerebral artery branches over 2 weeks after unilateral common carotid artery occlusion (CCAO) using optical coherent tomography in db/+ and db/db mice...
December 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823628/leonurine-ameliorates-cognitive-dysfunction-via-antagonizing-excitotoxic-glutamate-insults-and-inhibiting-autophagy
#18
Chunhua Liu, Hongqiang Yin, Jing Gao, Xiaxia Xu, Tao Zhang, Zhuo Yang
BACKGROUND: Chronic cerebral hypoperfusion is related with cognitive deficits in different types of dementia. PURPOSE: In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect and potential mechanisms of leonurine on chronic cerebral hypoperfusion both in vitro and in vivo. STUDY DESIGN: Chronic cerebral hypoperfusion was duplicated by oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) in vitro and by ligation of bilateral common carotid arteries (2-VO) in vivo. METHODS: In in vitro study, there were control group, OGD group, OGD+ 100µM leonurin group, and OGD+ 10µM donepezil group...
December 1, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815377/endovascular-recanalization-of-the-common-carotid-artery-in-a-patient-with-radio-induced-chronic-occlusion
#19
Lorena Nico, Giacomo Cester, Federica Viaro, Claudio Baracchini, Francesco Causin
Recanalization of chronic occlusion of the common carotid artery (CCA) in patients with a history of neck irradiation is challenging, both for vascular surgeons and interventional neuroradiologists. We describe a case of successful stenting of radio induced chronic occlusion of the right CCA in a 41-year-old patient with neurological deterioration and minor stroke due to cerebral hypoperfusion caused by concomitant bilateral arterial occlusions. Direct surgery and surgical bypass were considered contraindicated...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803080/endovascular-recanalization-of-the-common-carotid-artery-in-a-patient-with-radio-induced-chronic-occlusion
#20
Lorena Nico, Giacomo Cester, Federica Viaro, Claudio Baracchini, Francesco Causin
Recanalization of chronic occlusion of the common carotid artery (CCA) in patients with a history of neck irradiation is challenging, both for vascular surgeons and interventional neuroradiologists. We describe a case of successful stenting of radio induced chronic occlusion of the right CCA in a 41-year-old patient with neurological deterioration and minor stroke due to cerebral hypoperfusion caused by concomitant bilateral arterial occlusions. Direct surgery and surgical bypass were considered contraindicated...
November 1, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
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