keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

CARDIA study

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340927/achalasia-cardia-in-a-young-infant
#1
V Poornachand, K Kumarasamy, S P Karamath, V Seenivasan, Sumathi Bavanandam, Nirmala Dheivamani
Achalasia cardia is an esophageal motility disorder rarely reported in children and more so in young infants. Common clinical presentations include vomiting, dysphagia, regurgitation, recurrent pulmonary aspiration and failure to thrive. Diagnosis is made by barium swallow study and esophageal manometry, which is the gold standard test. Pharmocological management and endotherapy often fails and results in recurrence of symptoms. Laparoscopic Hellers myotomy, with or without anti-reflux procedure is the standard treatment of choice for children...
January 17, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340577/lactation-duration-and-progression-to-diabetes-in-women-across-the-childbearing-years-the-30-year-cardia-study
#2
Erica P Gunderson, Cora E Lewis, Ying Lin, Mike Sorel, Myron Gross, Stephen Sidney, David R Jacobs, James M Shikany, Charles P Quesenberry
Importance: Lactation duration has shown weak protective associations with incident diabetes (3%-15% lower incidence per year of lactation) in older women based solely on self-report of diabetes, studies initiated beyond the reproductive period are vulnerable to unmeasured confounding or reverse causation from antecedent biochemical risk status, perinatal outcomes, and behaviors across the childbearing years. Objective: To evaluate the association between lactation and progression to diabetes using biochemical testing both before and after pregnancy and accounting for prepregnancy cardiometabolic measures, gestational diabetes (GD), and lifestyle behaviors...
January 16, 2018: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325788/impact-of-the-gastrojejunal-anatomic-position-as-the-mechanism-of-delayed-gastric-emptying-after-pancreatoduodenectomy
#3
Motoi Nojiri, Yukihiro Yokoyama, Takashi Maeda, Tomoki Ebata, Tsuyoshi Igami, Gen Sugawara, Junpei Yamaguchi, Masato Nagino
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the impact of gastrojejunal anatomic position on the incidence of delayed gastric emptying after pancreatoduodenectomy. METHODS: A total of 160 patients were included in the retrospective analysis. The relative anatomic position of the gastrojejunostomy was evaluated using coronal and sagittal plane computed tomography images on postoperative day 7; the coronal cardia anastomotic angle and the sagittal fundus anastomotic angle were measured...
January 8, 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324756/associations-of-plasma-clusterin-and-alzheimer-s-disease-related-mri-markers-in-adults-at-mid-life-the-cardia-brain-mri-sub-study
#4
Thaddeus Haight, R Nick Bryan, Osorio Meirelles, Russell Tracy, Myriam Fornage, Melissa Richard, Ilya Nasrallah, Kristine Yaffe, David R Jacobs, Cora Lewis, Pamela Schreiner, Stephen Sidney, Christos Davatzikos, Lenore J Launer
BACKGROUND: Clinical and epidemiological studies of older persons have implicated clusterin in Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis. In the context of identifying early biomarkers of risk, we examined associations of plasma clusterin and characteristics of AD in middle-aged individuals from the community. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subjects were 639 cognitively normal individuals (mean age 50 ± 3.5) from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Brain MRI sub-study...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321517/genome-wide-association-study-of-homocysteine-in-african-americans-from-the-jackson-heart-study-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis-and-the-coronary-artery-risk-in-young-adults-study
#5
Laura M Raffield, Jaclyn Ellis, Nels C Olson, Qing Duan, Jin Li, Peter Durda, Nathan Pankratz, Brendan J Keating, Christina L Wassel, Mary Cushman, James G Wilson, Myron D Gross, Russell P Tracy, Stephen S Rich, Alex P Reiner, Yun Li, Monte S Willis, Ethan M Lange, Leslie A Lange
Homocysteine (Hcy) is a heritable biomarker for CVD, peripheral artery disease, stroke, and dementia. Little is known about genetic associations with Hcy in individuals of African ancestry. We performed a genome-wide association study for Hcy in 4927 AAs from the Jackson Heart Study (JHS), the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA), and the Coronary Artery Risk in Young Adults (CARDIA) study. Analyses were stratified by sex and results were meta-analyzed within and across sex. In the sex-combined meta-analysis, we observed genome-wide significant evidence (p < 5...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317451/duration-of-diabetes-and-prediabetes-during-adulthood-and-subclinical-atherosclerosis-and-cardiac-dysfunction-in-middle-age-the-cardia-study
#6
Jared P Reis, Norrina B Allen, Michael P Bancks, J Jeffrey Carr, Cora E Lewis, Joao A Lima, Jamal S Rana, Samuel S Gidding, Pamela J Schreiner
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the duration of diabetes and duration of prediabetes estimated during a 25-year period in early adulthood are each independently associated with coronary artery calcified plaque (CAC) and abnormalities in left ventricular structure and function later in life. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Participants were 3,628 white and black adults aged 18-30 years without diabetes or prediabetes at baseline (1985-1986) in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study...
January 9, 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303408/forensic-tools-for-the-diagnosis-of-electrocution-death-case-study-and-literature-review
#7
Cristina Mondello, Antonio Micali, Luigi Cardia, Antonina Argo, Stefania Zerbo, Elvira Ventura Spagnolo
Diagnosis of death by electrocution may be difficult when electric marking is not visible or unclear. Accordingly, the body of a man who appeared to have died from accidental electrocution was carefully forensically analysed. Macroscopic and microscopic analysis of the current mark was carried out using a variable-pressure scanning electron microscope equipped with energy dispersive X-ray microanalyser to highlight skin metallisation, indicating the presence of iron and zinc. The histological findings of electrocution myocardial damage were supported by the results of biochemical analysis which demonstrated the creatine kinase-MB and cardiac troponin I elevation...
January 1, 2018: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280853/longitudinal-associations-of-neighborhood-level-racial-residential-segregation-with-obesity-among-blacks
#8
Lindsay R Pool, Mercedes R Carnethon, David C Goff, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Whitney R Robinson, Kiarri N Kershaw
BACKGROUND: Despite nearly 50 years since the passage of the Fair Housing Act of 1968, the majority of black Americans continue to live in highly segregated communities. Differing exposure to obesogenic environments in segregated neighborhoods may contribute to racial disparities in obesity prevalence. METHODS: We used prospective data from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study to examine associations between levels of neighborhood-level racial residential segregation and incident obesity in black men and women...
December 26, 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280341/body-mass-index-and-subjective-social-status-the-coronary-artery-risk-development-in-young-adults-study
#9
Emily J Dhurandhar, Gregory Pavela, Kathryn A Kaiser, Gareth R Dutton, Kevin R Fontaine, Daniel Kim, James M Shikany, David B Allison, Cora E Lewis
OBJECTIVE: Subjective social status (SSS), or perceived social status, may explain, in part, the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and obesity. The objective of this study was to test whether SSS mediates the relationship between two indicators of SES (income and education) and body mass index (BMI). METHODS: A cross-sectional, structural equation path analysis was applied to the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study (n = 2,624)...
December 27, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279585/distribution-of-gastric-adenocarcinoma-subtypes-in-different-ethnicities-in-kuala-lumpur-malaysia
#10
A Sukri, A Hanafiah, N R Kosai, M M Taher, I Mohamed Rose
The multiracial population in Malaysia has lived together for almost a century, however, the risk of gastric cancer among them varies. This study aimed to determine the distribution of different gastric adenocarcinoma subtypes and Helicobacter pylori infection status among gastric adenocarcinoma patients. Patients with gastric adenocarcinoma were enrolled from November 2013 to June 2015. Blood samples were collected for detection of H. pylori using ELISA method. Gastric adenocarcinoma cases were more prevalent in the Chinese (52...
December 2017: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246962/subclinical-cardiac-dysfunction-and-brain-health-in-midlife-cardia-coronary-artery-risk-development-in-young-adults-brain-magnetic-resonance-imaging-substudy
#11
Pavla Cermakova, Majon Muller, Anderson C Armstrong, Dorota Religa, R Nick Bryan, João A C Lima, Lenore J Launer
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether cardiac parameters in young adulthood are associated with indicators of brain health in midlife. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study includes 648 participants from the CARDIA (Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults) study (52% women, 38% black). We studied associations of cardiac parameters assessed by echocardiography (left ventricular ejection fraction, left atrial volume, and left ventricular mass) in young adulthood (mean age: 30 years) with brain measures obtained by magnetic resonance imaging (total brain, gray and white matter volume, white matter integrity, abnormal white matter) in midlife (mean age: 50 years)...
December 15, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243195/indication-for-endoscopic-treatment-based-on-the-risk-of-lymph-node-metastasis-in-patients-with-siewert-type-ii-iii-early-gastric-cancer
#12
Jeung Hui Pyo, Hyuk Lee, Yang Won Min, Byung-Hoon Min, Jun Haeng Lee, Kyoung-Mee Kim, Heejin Yoo, Soohyun Ahn, Jae J Kim
BACKGROUND: Because of the poor prognosis of proximal gastric cancers, there is debate as to whether the conventional indications for endoscopic resection can be used. METHODS: Among subjects who underwent surgery for esophagogastric junction or gastric cardia cancer, 256 patients with T1 type II/III of the Siewert classification were included in this study. The association of lymph node metastasis (LNM) with each variable was analyzed using logistic regression models...
December 14, 2017: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228746/alcohol-drinking-and-gastric-cancer-risk-a-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#13
Peng-Liang Wang, Fang-Tao Xiao, Bao-Cheng Gong, Fu-Nan Liu
Background: Many studies investigated the association between alcohol drinking and gastric cancer risk, but the results were controversial. We performed a meta-analysis of observational studies to explore the association. Materials and Methods: We searched PubMed to identify the relevant studies that reported the association between alcohol drinking and gastric cancer risk up to December 31, 2016. We pooled relative risks (RRs) in random effects model and performed dose-response analysis to quantify the association...
November 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215957/peroral-endoscopic-myotomy-with-endoflip-and-double-endoscope-novel-techniques-for-achalasia-in-pediatric-population
#14
Fanny Yeung, Ian Y H Wong, Patrick H Y Chung, Kenneth K Y Wong, Simon Y K Law, Paul K H Tam
BACKGROUND: Experience of peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) for treatment of achalasia in pediatric population is limited with varying techniques in different centers. The accurate extent of submucosal tunneling into the gastric cardia and the adequacy of myotomy are the important determining factors to success of POEM. A majority of studies in pediatric population have described using submucosal dye injection for assessing the adequacy of myotomy, however, this is a rather crude and inaccurate method...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215750/questionnaire-based-problematic-relationship-to-eating-and-food-is-associated-with-25-year-body-mass-index-trajectories-during-midlife-the-coronary-artery-risk-development-in-young-adults-cardia-study
#15
Cynthia Yoon, David R Jacobs, Daniel A Duprez, Gareth Dutton, Cora E Lewis, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer, Lyn M Steffen, Delia S West, Susan M Mason
OBJECTIVE: Problematic eating behaviors and attitudes are of public health concern. Questionnaire-based assessment of these behaviors is important for large-scale research on eating behaviors. The questionnaire on eating and weight patterns-revised (QEWP-R) measures potential problematic behaviors and attitudes toward food (including anxieties, compensatory actions, overeating and loss of control, dieting, and shape concerns) that in aggregate may indicate diagnosable eating disorders...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215507/robotic-gastrotomy-with-intracorporeal-suture-for-patients-with-gastric-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumors-located-at-cardia-and-subcardiac-region
#16
Jian Zhao, Gang Wang, Zhiwei Jiang, Chuanwei Jiang, Jiang Liu, Jiahui Zhou, Jieshou Li
PURPOSE: Few studies of robotic gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) resection have been conducted. This study was aimed to evaluate the robotic gastrotomy with intracorporeal suture for patients with GISTs located at cardia and subcardiac region. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2014 to August 2016, 11 patients with GISTs located at cardia and subcardiac region underwent robotic gastrotomy with intracorporeal suture. Data of these patients were collected...
December 6, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211302/adoption-of-evidence-based-novel-therapies-in-the-treatment-of-gastric-cancer-a-national-observational-study
#17
Ali A Mokdad, Amna Ali, Adam C Yopp, Patricio M Polanco, Ibrahim Nassour, John C Mansour, Michael A Choti, Rebecca M Minter, Sam C Wang, Matthew R Porembka
BACKGROUND: The adoption of novel and effective gastric cancer therapies into general clinical practice has crucial implications for patient outcomes. The current study explored trends in treatment use and overall survival in patients with gastric cancer in the United States. METHODS: Patients with adenocarcinoma of the gastric cardia and noncardia were identified in the National Cancer Data Base between 2006 and 2014. Tumor stages were divided into early (IA), locally advanced (IB-IIIC), and metastatic (IV) stage...
December 6, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209115/procedure-related-complications-in-gastric-variceal-obturation-with-tissue-glue
#18
Yun-Wei Guo, Hui-Biao Miao, Zhuo-Fu Wen, Jie-Ying Xuan, Hao-Xiong Zhou
AIM: To focus on procedure-related complications, evaluate their incidence, analyze the reasons and discuss the solutions. METHODS: Overall, 628 endoscopic gastric variceal obturation (EGVO) procedures (case-times) with NBC were performed in 519 patients in the Department of Endoscopy of the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University from January 2011 to December 2016. The clinical data of patients and procedure-related complications of EGVO were retrospectively analyzed...
November 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201795/pneumatic-balloon-dilatation-for-achalasia-cardia-outcome-complications-success-and-long-term-follow-up
#19
Sudhir J Gupta, Nitin R Gaikwad, Amol R Samarth, Sonal R Gattewar
Background: Achalasia is a chronic disease that can be managed with effective endoscopic modalities. Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness of single setting of pneumatic balloon dilatation for achalasia and assess the long-term success and outcomes. Materials and methods: This is a retrospective study of all achalasia patients who underwent pneumatic balloon dilatation at our institute. Patients who could be contacted were inquired regarding their symptoms and dysphagia-free interval after dilatation...
July 2017: Euroasian Journal of Hepato-Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201792/does-chicago-classification-address-symptom-correlation-with-high-resolution-esophageal-manometry
#20
Mayank Jain, Melpakkam Srinivas, Piyush Bawane, Jayanthi Venkataraman
Aim: To assess the correlation of symptoms with findings on esophageal high-resolution manometry (HRM) in Indian patients. Materials and methods: Prospective data collection of all patients undergoing esophageal manometry was done at two centers in India-Indore and Chennai-over a period of 18 months. Symptom profile of the study group was divided into four: Motor dysphagia, noncardiac chest pain (NCCP), gastroesophageal reflux (GER), and esophageal belchers. The symptoms were correlated with manometric findings...
July 2017: Euroasian Journal of Hepato-Gastroenterology
keyword
keyword
84832
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"