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CARDIA study

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766515/results-of-pneumatic-dilation-in-treating-achalasia-predictive-factors
#1
REVIEW
Valter Nilton Felix
Forced pneumatic dilatation (PD) of the cardia is one of the most consecrated therapeutic measures for esophageal achalasia. The procedure only achieved better standardization with the appearance of the Rigiflex balloon. Results and predictive factors of success and failure of PD are reviewed, right after the description of the main technical aspects of the procedure. The success rates, providing control of dysphagia for about 1 year from the procedure using the Rigiflex balloon, are quite satisfactory, with success in more than 75% of patients...
May 16, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765447/microrna-141-inhibits-proliferation-of-gastric-cardia-adenocarcinoma-by-targeting-macc1
#2
Shubin Li, Jixian Zhu, Junjie Li, Shubo Li, Bin Li
Introduction: Abnormal expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) contributes to cancer development through regulating proliferation, apoptosis and drug resistance in cancer cells. The present study was designed to explore the effect and mechanism of miR-141 on gastric cardia adenocarcinoma (GCA). Material and methods: Forty-one paired GCA tissues and adjacent normal tissues were obtained from GCA patients never treated by chemotherapy or radiotherapy. QRT-PCR was used to detect the expression level of miR-141 in GCA...
April 2018: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743918/effect-of-lavender-lavandula-angustifolia-essential-oil-on-acute-inflammatory-response
#3
Gabriel Fernando Esteves Cardia, Saulo Euclides Silva-Filho, Expedito Leite Silva, Nancy Sayuri Uchida, Heitor Augusto Otaviano Cavalcante, Larissa Laila Cassarotti, Valter Eduardo Cocco Salvadego, Ricardo Alexandre Spironello, Ciomar Aparecida Bersani-Amado, Roberto Kenji Nakamura Cuman
Lavandula angustifolia is a plant of Lamiaceae family, with many therapeutic properties and biological activities, such as anticonvulsant, anxiolytic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial activities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of Lavandula angustifolia Mill. essential oil (LEO) on acute inflammatory response. LEO was analyzed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) methods and showed predominance of 1,8-cineole (39...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743108/-18-fdg-pet-ct-identifies-histopathological-non-responders-after-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-in-locally-advanced-gastric-and-cardia-cancer-cohort-study
#4
Paul M Schneider, Dilmurodjon Eshmuminov, Tamara Rordorf, Diana Vetter, Patrick Veit-Haibach, Achim Weber, Peter Bauerfeind, Panagiotis Samaras, Kuno Lehmann
BACKGROUND: Pathologic response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (neoCTX) is a prognostic factor in many cancer types, and early prediction would help to modify treatment. In patients with gastric and esophagogastric junction (AEG) cancer, the accuracy of FDG PET-CT to predict early pathologic response after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (neoCTX) is currently not known. METHODS: From a consecutive cohort of 72 patients, 44 patients with resectable, locally-advanced gastric cancer or AEG Siewert type II and III received neoCTX after primary staging with endoscopic ultrasound, PET-CT and laparoscopy...
May 9, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735485/longitudinal-associations-of-smoke-free-policies-and-incident-cardiovascular-disease-cardia-study
#5
Stephanie L Mayne, Rachel Widome, Allison J Carroll, Pamela J Schreiner, Penny Gordon-Larsen, David R Jacobs, Kiarri N Kershaw
Background -Smoke-free legislation has been associated with lower rates of cardiovascular disease hospital admissions in ecological studies. However, prior studies lacked detailed information on individual-level factors (eg, sociodemographic and clinical characteristics) that could potentially confound associations. Our objective was to estimate associations of smoke-free policies with incident cardiovascular disease in a longitudinal cohort after controlling for sociodemographics, cardiovascular disease risk factors, and policy covariates...
May 7, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732464/immunohistochemical-study-on-dystrophin-expression-in-cad-related-sudden-cardiac-death-a-marker-of-early-myocardial-ischaemia
#6
Cristina Mondello, Luigi Cardia, Giovanni Bartoloni, Alessio Asmundo, Elvira Ventura Spagnolo
The aims of this study were to assess if dystrophin can be a tool for the forensic evaluation of sudden cardiac death due to coronary atherosclerotic disease (CAD) and particularly if it can be a marker of early myocardial ischaemia. Then in this investigation, the dystrophin was compared to C5b-9 and fibronectin to analyze if there are some differences in the expression of these proteins. Two groups of CAD-related sudden cardiac death, respectively the group 1 with gross and/or histological evidence and the group 2 with no specific histological signs of myocardial ischaemia were used...
May 7, 2018: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712737/fgf23-fibroblast-growth-factor-23-and-incident-hypertension-in-young-and-middle-aged-adults-the-cardia-study-coronary-artery-risk-development-in-young-adults
#7
Ehimare Akhabue, Samantha Montag, Jared P Reis, Lindsay R Pool, Rupal Mehta, Clyde W Yancy, Lihui Zhao, Myles Wolf, Orlando M Gutierrez, Mercedes R Carnethon, Tamara Isakova
Blacks have the highest prevalence of hypertension in the United States. Higher levels of FGF23 (fibroblast growth factor-23) have been associated with worse cardiovascular outcomes. Whether FGF23 is associated with rising blood pressure (BP) and racial differences in incident hypertension is unclear. We studied 1758 adults (45.0±3.7 years; 57.8% female; 36.9% black) without hypertension or cardiovascular disease who participated in the year 20 (2005-2006) follow-up examination of the CARDIA study (Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults)...
April 30, 2018: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708994/profiles-of-patient-and-tumour-characteristics-in-relation-to-health-related-quality-of-life-after-oesophageal-cancer-surgery
#8
Poorna Anandavadivelan, Anna Wikman, Asif Johar, Pernilla Lagergren
Strong deterioration in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is a major concern in a sub-group of long-term oesophageal cancer survivors. This study aimed to identify potential clustering of patients and tumour variables that predicts such deterioration. Patient and tumour variables were collected in a prospective cohort of patients who underwent surgery for oesophageal cancer in Sweden 2001-2005. Latent cluster analysis identified statistically significant clustering of these variables. Multivariable logistic regression adjusted for age, BMI, tumour stage and marital status was used to determine odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) between patient profiles and HRQOL at 3 and 5 years from surgery...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707766/risk-of-gastric-cancer-among-patients-with-gastric-intestinal-metaplasia
#9
Liming Shao, Peiwei Li, Jun Ye, Jiamin Chen, Yuehua Han, Jianting Cai, Xinliang Lu
Plenty of studies have assessed the association between intestinal metaplasia (IM) and gastric cancer risk, while the results were inconsistent. We aimed to assess the risk of gastric cancer among patients with IM. Systematic literature searches were conducted in PubMed, Embase and Cochrane databases. Baseline characteristics and outcomes from the included studies were extracted independently by two investigators. Either a fixed-effects or a random-effects model was used to composite the pooled OR for gastric cancer risk...
April 29, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707312/establishment-of-animal-model-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-by-per-oral-endoscopic-tunneling-a-preliminary-study
#10
Hai-Qing Hu, Hui-Kai Li, Ying Xiong, Xiao-Bin Zhang, Jun-Li Zhi, Xiao-Xiao Wang, En-Qiang Linghu
Background: Although a variety of antireflux procedures and medications are used to treat gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), reliable large-animal models of GERD that can be used to objectively compare the efficacy of these treatments are lacking. We developed a method to establish large animal models of GERD by endoscopic sphincterotomy to develop an endoscopic treatment for GERD. Methods: In this study six flesh swine carcasses were used. A full thickness incision was made at the esophageal site 5 cm above the dentate line by per-oral endoscopic tunneling...
March 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696226/where-are-they-now-retention-strategies-over-25-years-in-the-coronary-artery-risk-development-in-young-adults-cardia-study
#11
Ellen Funkhouser, Jennifer Wammack, Cathy Roche, Jared Reis, Stephen Sidney, Pamela Schreiner
Purpose: In 1991, we described the recruitment and goals for a cohort of young adults. At the time, little was known about long-term retention of young, healthy and mobile adults or minorities. We present retention strategies and rates over 25 years, and predictors of participation at the year 25 follow-up examination of the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study, a longitudinal investigation of coronary artery disease risk factors in a biracial population initially ages 18-30 years recruited from four U...
March 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692806/endoscopic-submucosal-tunnel-dissection-for-large-gastric-neoplastic-lesions-a-case-matched-controlled-study
#12
Xiuxue Feng, Enqiang Linghu, Ningli Chai, Zhongsheng Lu, Xiangdong Wang, Ping Tang, Jiangyun Meng, Hong Du, Hongbin Wang
Aim: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of endoscopic submucosal tunnel dissection (ESTD) for resection of large superficial gastric lesions (SGLs). Methods: The clinicopathological records of patients performed with ESTD or endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for SGLs between January 2012 and January 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. 7 cases undergoing ESTD were enrolled to form the ESTD group. The cases were individually matched at a 1 : 1 ratio to other patients performed with ESD according to lesion location, ulcer or scar findings, resected specimen area, operation time and operators, and the matched cases constituting the ESD group...
2018: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683186/morbidity-and-mortality-according-to-age-following-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer
#13
S D Nelen, K Bosscha, V E P P Lemmens, H H Hartgrink, R H A Verhoeven, J H W de Wilt
BACKGROUND: This study investigated age-related differences in surgically treated patients with gastric cancer, and aimed to identify factors associated with outcome. METHODS: Data from the Dutch Upper Gastrointestinal Cancer Audit were used. All patients with non-cardia gastric cancer registered between 2011 and 2015 who underwent surgery were selected. Patients were analysed by age group (less than 70 years versus 70 years or more). Multivariable logistic regression was used to assess the influence of clinicopathological factors on morbidity and mortality...
April 23, 2018: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671160/cardiac-metaplasia-follow-treat-or-ignore
#14
REVIEW
Stuart J Spechler
Over the past two decades, evidence has accumulated to challenge the traditional view that cardiac mucosa, which is comprised exclusively of mucus glands, is the normal lining of the most proximal portion of the stomach (the gastric cardia). There is now considerable evidence to suggest that cardiac mucosa develops as a GERD-induced, squamous-to-columnar esophageal metaplasia in some, if not all, cases. Although cardiac mucosa lacks the goblet cells commonly required for a histologic diagnosis of intestinal metaplasia, cardiac mucosa has many molecular features of an intestinal-type mucosa, and appears to be the precursor of intestinal metaplasia with goblet cells...
April 18, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628405/resting-metabolic-rate-and-weight-loss-after-bariatric-surgery
#15
Roberto de Cleva, Filippe Camarotto Mota, Alexandre Vieira Gadducci, Lilian Cardia, Julia Maria D'Andréa Greve, Marco Aurelio Santo
BACKGROUND: There is an increased interest in understanding how variation in body composition (BC) and energy expenditure is related to successful weight loss after surgery. It has been suggested that low resting metabolic rate (RMR) could be associated with poor weight loss. OBJECTIVES: To determine the relation among changes in BC, RMR, and weight loss after bariatric surgery. SETTING: University tertiary care hospital, Brazil. METHODS: A cohort of 45 patients submitted to bariatric surgery was prospectively studied...
March 1, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621300/characteristics-of-non-cardia-gastric-cancer-with-a-high-serum-anti-helicobacter-pylori-igg-titer-and-its-association-with-diffuse-type-histology
#16
Eun Jeong Gong, Ji Young Lee, Suh Eun Bae, Young Soo Park, Kee Don Choi, Ho June Song, Gin Hyug Lee, Hwoon-Yong Jung, Woo Jin Jeong, Gab Jin Cheon, Jeong Hwan Yook, Byung Sik Kim
BACKGROUND: Data on implications of a high positive titer of serum anti-Helicobacter pylori antibody on gastric cancer (GC) is limited. This study aimed to investigate the characteristics of GC with a high serum anti-H. pylori IgG (Hp-IgG) titer, and its association with diffuse-type GC. METHODS: We analyzed clinical and histological characteristics of 917 non-cardia GC patients who underwent gastrectomy. H. pylori infection was determined serologically by measuring Hp-IgG titer with immunoassay...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609569/the-alterations-of-cytokeratin-and-vimentin-protein-expressions-in-primary-esophageal-spindle-cell-carcinoma
#17
Xin Min Li, Xin Song, Xue Ke Zhao, Shou Jia Hu, Rang Cheng, Shuang Lv, Dan Feng Du, Xiang Yang Zhang, Jian Liang Lu, Jian Wei Ku, Dong Yun Zhang, Yao Zhang, Zong Min Fan, Li Dong Wang
BACKGROUND: The accumulated evidence has indicated the diagnostic role of cytokeratin (CK) and vimentin protein immunoassay in primary esophageal spindle cell carcinoma (PESC), which is a rare malignant tumor with epithelial and spindle components. However, it is largely unknown for the expression of CK and vimentin in pathological changes and prognosis of PESC. METHODS: Eighty-two PESC patients were identified from the esophageal and gastric cardia cancer database established by Henan Key Laboratory for Esophageal Cancer Research of Zhengzhou University...
April 2, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607397/initial-experience-with-a-novel-resection-and-plication-rap-method-for-acid-reflux-a-pilot-study
#18
Petros C Benias, Lionel D'Souza, Gloria Lan, Craig Gluckman, Sumant Inamdar, Arvind J Trindade, Larry S Miller, David L Carr-Locke
Background and study aims:  Current endoscopic therapies for gastroesophageal reflux disorder (GERD) are limited by technical complexity, and/or cost. We sought to evaluate the success of a novel resection and plication (RAP) anti-reflux procedure. Patients and methods:  RAP was performed on 10 patients with GERD refractory to proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy. RAP consists of semi-circumferential mucosectomy along with full-thickness plication of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) and cardia...
April 2018: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600886/updated-incidence-trends-in-cardia-and-non-cardia-gastric-adenocarcinoma-in-sweden
#19
Fredrik Lagergren, Shao-Hua Xie, Fredrik Mattsson, Jesper Lagergren
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to provide an update of the recent incidence trends of cardia and non-cardia gastric adenocarcinoma in Sweden. METHODS: Temporal trends in the age-standardised incidence were assessed separately for cardia and non-cardia gastric adenocarcinoma in 1970-2014 among all people in Sweden aged ≥50 years. Data were retrieved from the Swedish Cancer Registry. The log-linear joinpoint regression method was used to identify change points in the incidence trends...
March 30, 2018: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595756/tobacco-smoking-and-gastric-cancer-meta-analyses-of-published-data-versus-pooled-analyses-of-individual-participant-data-stop-project
#20
Ana Ferro, Samantha Morais, Matteo Rota, Claudio Pelucchi, Paola Bertuccio, Rossella Bonzi, Carlotta Galeone, Zuo-Feng Zhang, Keitaro Matsuo, Hidemi Ito, Jinfu Hu, Kenneth C Johnson, Guo-Pei Yu, Domenico Palli, Monica Ferraroni, Joshua Muscat, Reza Malekzadeh, Weimin Ye, Huan Song, David Zaridze, Dmitry Maximovitch, Nuria Aragonés, Gemma Castaño-Vinyals, Jesus Vioque, Eva M Navarrete-Muñoz, Mohammadreza Pakseresht, Farhad Pourfarzi, Alicja Wolk, Nicola Orsini, Andrea Bellavia, Niclas Håkansson, Lina Mu, Roberta Pastorino, Robert C Kurtz, Mohammad H Derakhshan, Areti Lagiou, Pagona Lagiou, Paolo Boffetta, Stefania Boccia, Eva Negri, Carlo La Vecchia, Bárbara Peleteiro, Nuno Lunet
Tobacco smoking is one of the main risk factors for gastric cancer, but the magnitude of the association estimated by conventional systematic reviews and meta-analyses might be inaccurate, due to heterogeneous reporting of data and publication bias. We aimed to quantify the combined impact of publication-related biases, and heterogeneity in data analysis or presentation, in the summary estimates obtained from conventional meta-analyses. We compared results from individual participant data pooled-analyses, including the studies in the Stomach Cancer Pooling (StoP) Project, with conventional meta-analyses carried out using only data available in previously published reports from the same studies...
May 2018: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
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