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pharmacy practice in contraception use

Maria I Rodriguez, K John McConnell, Jonas Swartz, Alison B Edelman
OBJECTIVES: Oregon has implemented legislation expanding the scope of pharmacists to directly prescribe short-acting hormonal contraception (pill and patch) without a medical prescription. Pharmacists are crucial to the success of the new law, but relatively little is known about their intentions to prescribe contraception, or the motivators or barriers in providing this service. METHODS: With the use of a cross-sectional survey of pharmacists practicing in Oregon before the legislative implementation, we analyzed responses to assess contraceptive knowledge, motivation to participate in direct provision, and perception of barriers to pharmacist prescription of contraception...
September 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Marilia P Tavares, Angel M Foster
INTRODUCTION: Dedicated progestin-only emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) have been available with a prescription in Brazil since 1999. However, utilization of emergency contraception has been limited. We conducted a mystery client study at retail pharmacies in three regions to assess current availability. METHODS: Using a predetermined client profile, we approached a random sample of chain and independent pharmacies in urban areas in the southeastern, northeastern and central-west regions...
August 2016: Contraception
N F Fayzrakhmanov
BACKGROUND: The trafficking of falsified and substandard medicinal products is a global socio-economic problem, which poses a serious threat to economy and health of populations of most countries, including the Russian Federation. OBJECTIVE: To identify the main achievements and challenges in the fight against trafficking of falsified and substandard medicinal products in the Russian Federation, to formulate possible solutions to these problems. METHODS: The study of criminal cases and statistical information about the level of crime in the Russian Federation; legal analysis of regulatory legal acts in the sphere of criminal law and turnover of medicinal products; review of scientific and practical publications...
2015: International Journal of Risk & Safety in Medicine
Irene D Bezemer, Katia M C Verhamme, Rosa Gini, Mees Mosseveld, Peter R Rijnbeek, Gianluca Trifirò, Miriam C J M Sturkenboom, Fernie J A Penning-van Beest, Ron M C Herings
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of oral contraceptive (OC) use, user characteristics and prescribing patterns by accessing health care databases of three European countries. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed from 2009 to 2010 in three general practice (GP) databases from the Netherlands, UK and Italy and in one database of linked pharmacy and hospitalisation data in the Netherlands. The presence of selected chronic conditions and diagnoses of diseases associated with OC use were assessed, as were switches, discontinuations and types of OC used during the study period...
2016: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
Mohamed E K Amin, Betty Chewning
BACKGROUND: Providing correct and complete counseling on the use of oral contraceptives (OCs) is central to securing the autonomy of women in child-bearing age and is a powerful, proven tool of social change. Pharmacists in many developing countries such as Egypt are involved in dispensing and at times prescribing pharmaceuticals, including oral contraceptives that are readily available without a prescription. OBJECTIVES: To predict Egyptian community pharmacists' counseling on oral contraceptives while utilizing a theoretical framework guided by the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB)...
September 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Iolanda Elena Blidaru, Gheorghe Furau, Demetra Socolov
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to investigate the knowledge, perceptions and attitudes of female Romanian university students, as possible future opinion leaders, about contraception and motherhood, by assessing their level of contraceptive use, opinions and knowledge with regard to combined oral contraceptives (COCs). METHODS: A knowledge, attitudes and practice questionnaire was conducted among 1105 female university students aged 19 to 30 years. The participants were recruited from six faculties at universities in Iasi and Arad, Romania...
2016: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
Wendy V Norman, Judith A Soon, Dimitra Panagiotoglou, Arianne Albert, Peter J Zed
BACKGROUND: Access to prescription contraception is often limited by the availability of physicians, particularly in rural areas. Pharmacists are available but are not authorized in Canada to prescribe contraceptives, an innovation proved successful in the United States. It is unknown whether Canadian pharmacists, particularly those in rural areas, are willing to adopt this innovation and what barriers and facilitators they predict. We explored the acceptability and feasibility for independent provision of contraception at pharmacies throughout British Columbia (BC)...
July 2015: Contraception
Angela Akol, Dawn Chin-Quee, Patricia Wamala-Mucheri, Jane Harriet Namwebya, Sarah Jilani Mercer, John Stanback
BACKGROUND: Private-sector drug shops are often the first point of health care in sub-Saharan Africa. Training and supporting drug shop and pharmacy staff to provide a wide range of contraceptive methods and information is a promising high-impact practice for which more information is needed to fully document implementation experience and impact. METHODS: Between September 2010 and March 2011, we trained 139 drug shop operators (DSOs) in 4 districts of Uganda to safely administer intramuscular DMPA (depot medroxyprogesterone acetate) contraceptive injections...
December 2014: Global Health, Science and Practice
Rosalijn Both, Fantawork Samuel
BACKGROUND: The growing popularity of emergency contraceptives (ECs) among urban youth in Sub-Saharan Africa is accompanied by debates on morality and health. This study was situated in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and aimed to explore how these debates affect the way in which the product is promoted at a national level, how it is dispensed by service providers, and how young people access, purchase, and get informed about ECs. METHODS: Data were collected using qualitative methods: observations in pharmacies, administering semi-structured questionnaires to young people in pharmacies (N = 36), informal interviews with young people (N = 65), and in-depth interviews with service providers (N = 8) and key stakeholders (N = 3)...
2014: BMC Women's Health
Mohamed N Al-Arifi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to identify the community pharmacist perceptions and attitudes toward ethical issues at community pharmacy setting in Saudi Arabia. METHOD: A cross-sectional, descriptive, and qualitative survey of community pharmacists was conducted and the survey questions were pre-tested by a pharmacist with extensive experience in ethical issues. Based on the result of a pilot study the questionnaire was used with some modifications and the final questionnaire was sent to the participants by handing over in person, mail or Email...
September 2014: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
Emma Horsfield, Fiona Kelly, Janie Sheridan, Joanna Stewart, Terryann Clark
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the availability of youth-relevant community pharmacy services in New Zealand (NZ), and the opinions of pharmacy personnel on the appropriateness of these services for young people aged 12-24. METHODS: Pharmacist and pharmacy support staff (PSS) questionnaires were developed collaboratively with a Youth Advisory Group (YAG) and were mailed to 500 randomly selected community pharmacies in NZ. RESULTS: Response rates for questionnaires were 50...
October 2014: International Journal of Public Health
Sally Rafie, Jennifer McIntosh, Kayce M Shealy, Laura M Borgelt, Alicia Forinash, Sarah P Shrader, Erin R Koepf, Katie S McClendon, Brooke L Griffin, Cheryl Horlen, Lamis R Karaoui, Emily L Rowe, Nicole M Lodise, Patricia R Wigle
The U.S. population continues to experience an alarmingly high rate of unintended pregnancies that have an impact on individual families and society alike. Lack of effective contraception accounts for most unintended pregnancies, along with incorrect use of contraceptives. The most common reversible contraceptive method used in the United States is the oral contraceptive pill, which has significant failure and discontinuation rates. Use of long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) methods has been increasing in recent years after efforts to educate providers and patients...
September 2014: Pharmacotherapy
M Sattari, Z Mokhtari, H Jabari, S O Mashayekhi
Despite the success of the Iranian family planning programme, the number of unwanted pregnancies remains high. To investigate whether health workers in Tabriz are providing correct information and counselling about OCP use, the current study was planned to examine the level of knowledge, attitude and practice of OCP providers. A sample of 150 health-care workers in health houses and 150 community/hospital pharmacists answered a questionnaire about knowledge of correct use of OCP, side-effects, contraindications, danger signs/symptoms and non-contraceptive benefits, and whether they counselled patients about these subjects...
June 2013: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
Anna E DeNoble, Kelli S Hall, Xiao Xu, Melissa K Zochowski, Kenneth Piehl, Vanessa K Dalton
OBJECTIVE: To assess differences in receipt of prescription contraception among women with and without chronic medical conditions. METHODS: This observational study used 3 years of administrative claims records for insured women aged 21-45 years who were enrolled in a commercial insurance company in Michigan between 2004 and 2009. Women were considered to have a chronic medical condition if they had at least two claims for one of the following conditions, in order of prevalence in our study population: hypertension, asthma, hypothyroidism, diabetes, obesity, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, or systemic lupus erythematosus...
June 2014: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Gwendolyn Morgan, Jill Keesbury, Ilene Speizer
Rates of emergency contraceptive (EC) use in sub-Saharan Africa are highest in Kenya and Nigeria, although little is known about user characteristics and use dynamics in these countries. To better meet women's emergency contraceptive needs and to contribute to the limited knowledge base regarding this method in Africa, this study examines data from a sample of EC users drawn from a large, representative household survey that included sexually experienced women in urban Kenya and Nigeria. Bivariate and multivariate analyses reveal greater knowledge of EC among these urban women than was reported in other nationally representative surveys...
March 2014: Studies in Family Planning
Adel A Alrwisan, Thamir M Alshammari, Khalid W Tahir, Faisal M Aleissa, Hisham S Aljadhey
OBJECTIVE: To explore the practice and knowledge of community pharmacists in Saudi Arabia regarding dispensing isotretinoin-containing products. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in 2012 that included community pharmacists from 3 cities in Saudi Arabia. A validated and piloted self-administered survey collected demographics and information on the pharmacist's knowledge regarding isotretinoin precautions, as well as his dispensing, and counseling practices...
January 2014: Saudi Medical Journal
Paulo Roque Obreli-Neto, Leonardo Régis Leira Pereira, Camilo Molino Guidoni, André de Oliveira Baldoni, Srecko Marusic, Divaldo Pereira de Lyra-Júnior, Kelsen Luis de Almeida, Ana Claudia Montolezi Pazete, Janaina Dutra do Nascimento, Mitja Kos, Edmarlon Girotto, Roberto Kenji Nakamura Cuman
BACKGROUND: Combined oral contraceptive (COC) use is the most commonly used reversible method of birth control. The incorrect use of COCs is frequent and one of the most common causes of unintended pregnancies. Community pharmacists (CPs) are in a strategic position to improve COC use because they are the last health professional to interact with patients before drug use. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the COC dispensing practices of CPs in a developing country. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted in community pharmacies of Assis and Ourinhos microregions, Brazil, between June 1, 2012, and October 30, 2012...
2013: PloS One
Julie A Womack, Matthew Scotch, Sylvia N Leung, Melissa Skanderson, Harini Bathulapalli, Sally G Haskell, Cynthia A Brandt
Contraceptive use among women Veterans may not be adequately captured using administrative and pharmacy codes. Clinical progress notes may provide a useful alternative. The objectives of this study were to validate the use of administrative and pharmacy codes to identify contraceptive use in Veterans Health Administration data, and to determine the feasibility and validity of identifying contraceptive use in clinical progress notes. The study included women Veterans who participated in the Women Veterans Cohort Study, enrolled in the Veterans Affairs Connecticut Health Care System, completed a baseline survey, and had clinical progress notes from one year prior to survey completion...
2013: Perspectives in Health Information Management
Shardae Young, Brooke Griffin, Kathleen Vest
OBJECTIVE: To increase pharmacy students' knowledge of and confidence in counseling patients regarding emergency contraception and to identify any barriers to counseling patients about emergency contraception. DESIGN: Approximately 200 third-year pharmacy students participated in the Women's Health Therapeutics workshop at Midwestern University Chicago College of Pharmacy. Students observed a 5-minute skit of a counseling session on emergency contraception and then were asked to pair up with a classmate and practice counseling each other regarding the use of emergency contraception following a checklist of key points...
June 12, 2013: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Noureen Aleem Nishtar, Neelofar Sami, Sabina Alim, Nousheen Pradhan, Farid Ul Hasnain
INTRODUCTION: In Pakistan, Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (CPR) among married female youth is 17.4% and even lower in rural and slum areas leading to rapid population growth on one hand and poor health consequences on the other. The study was conducted to explore family planning service providers' perceptions regarding use of different contraceptive methods and to identify factors that are influencing their use amongst currently married youth aged 18-24 years in slum areas of Karachi. METHOD: Qualitative exploratory study design was adopted and a total of ten in-depth interviews were conducted with family planning service providers of the area...
May 2013: Global Journal of Health Science
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