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pharmacy practice in contraception use

Fidèle Mbadu Muanda, Ndongo Parfait Gahungu, Francine Wood, Jane T Bertrand
BACKGROUND: In the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), onset of sexual intercourse is initiated during adolescence, however only two in ten sexually active unmarried women are using modern contraception. Improving adolescents' and young peoples' knowledge and practices related to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) is necessary to improve health outcomes. However, little is known about the SRH attitudes and needs among young people in the DRC. The study aims to contribute to the available evidence by examining adolescents' and young people's insights on their cultural norms, practices and attitudes towards SRH services...
May 4, 2018: Reproductive Health
Sarah E Lynch, Brooke L Griffin, Kathleen M Vest
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The role of the pharmacist has been shifting rapidly. One example of change is the passage of legislation allowing pharmacists to independently initiate self-administered hormonal contraceptives in several states. There is no evidence of this specific topic being covered in pharmacy school curricula, and many states are requiring additional post-graduate training. This activity was designed to determine the utility of a contraceptive prescribing simulation activity for pharmacy students...
February 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
Priya Batra, Sally Rafie, Zhiwei Zhang, Amay V Singh, Chloe E Bird, Aparna Sridhar, J Greer Sullivan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the implementation of pharmacist-prescribed hormonal contraceptives in California after a recent expansion of pharmacists' scope of practice. METHODS: A probability sample of 480 licensed California retail pharmacies (stratified by nonrural or rural location and independent or chain status) was included in a cross-sectional "secret shopper" telephone survey assessing the availability of pharmacist-prescribed hormonal contraceptives and service details...
May 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Julia Maria Olsen, Tania Di Giacomo Lago, Suzana Kalckmann, Maria Cecilia Goi Porto Alves, Maria Mercedes Loureiro Escuder
The last decade has witnessed initiatives to expand access to contraceptives in Brazil. However, the last population-based study on contraception was undertaken in 2006. A household survey in 2015 investigated contraceptive practices in women 15 to 44 years of age living in the city of São Paulo. The current study selected data on young women 15 to 19 years of age. The objectives were to identify the prevalence of contraception, the contraceptives used, sources, and differences in contraceptive practices. The young women are part of a probabilistic study sample...
February 19, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Abdullah Albassam, Abdelmoneim Awad
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to identify the services provided by community pharmacists in Kuwait and their views regarding self-care in pregnancy and lactation. In addition, it determined the pharmacists' recommendations for treatment of pregnancy-related and breast feeding-related ailments. DESIGN: Cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey. SETTING: Community pharmacies in Kuwait. PARTICIPANTS: 207 pharmacies were randomly selected from the Ministry of Health database...
January 5, 2018: BMJ Open
Fauzia Akhter Huda, Hassan Rushekh Mahmood, Anadil Alam, Faisal Ahmmed, Farzana Karim, Bidhan Krishna Sarker, Nafis Al Haque, Anisuddin Ahmed
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to assess the provision of the combination of mifepristone-misoprostol for menstrual regulation (MR) in randomly selected urban pharmacies in Bangladesh. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional survey among 553 pharmacy workers followed by 548 mystery client visits to the same pharmacies in 3 municipal districts during July 2014-December 2015. RESULTS: The survey found that 99% of pharmacy workers visited had knowledge of MR procedures but only two-thirds (67%) could state the legal time limit correctly; they mentioned misoprostol (86%) over mifepristone-misoprostol combination (78%) as a procedure of MR with medication (MRM); 36% reported knowing the recommended dosage of mifepristone-misoprostol combination; 70% reported providing information on effectiveness of the medicines; 50% reported recommending at least one follow-up visit to them; 63% reported explaining possible complications of using the medications; and 47% reported offering any post-MR contraception to their clients...
February 2018: Contraception
Kevin Vu, Sally Rafie, Kate Grindlay, Hialy Gutierrez, Daniel Grossman
OBJECTIVE: Following a California law expanding pharmacists' scope of practice to include directly providing self-administered hormonal contraception to patients pursuant to a statewide protocol, this study aimed to assess California pharmacists' intentions to provide this new service prior to the protocol development and implementation. DESIGN: Descriptive, nonexperimental, cross-sectional study. SETTING: California between August and September 2014...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Sewunet Admasu Belachew, Dawit Kumilachew Yimenu, Begashaw Melaku Gebresillassie
BACKGROUND: Pharmacy professionals, as the most available members of medical team, have an important role in educating patients about the effective and appropriate use of contraceptives. The purpose of this study was to assess pharmacy professionals' dispensing practice, knowledge, and attitude towards emergency contraceptives use in Gondar town, northwestern Ethiopia. METHODS: An institution based cross-sectional study was employed from May 14 to June 14, 2016, on 60 pharmacy professionals, who have been working in 8 randomly selected pharmacies and 6 drug stores...
2017: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Karen Wong, Susan Hum, Lisa McCarthy, Sheila Dunn
OBJECTIVE: Pharmacists are often the front-line health care providers for women seeking emergency contraception (EC). This study explored Ontario pharmacists' EC counselling practices and their perceived barriers to recommending the most effective EC method, the copper IUD (Cu-IUD). METHODS: This qualitative study used one-on-one, semistructured interviews with 20 pharmacists working in pharmacies located within a 1-km radius of a large sexual health clinic that offered postcoital IUDs in downtown Toronto...
November 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Nazanin Foroutan, Fatemeh Dabaghzadeh
BACKGROUND: As oral contraceptive pills are available over the counter in pharmacies, pharmacists are professionally responsible for checking and informing patients about every aspect of taking these drugs. Simulated patient method is a new and robust way to evaluate professional performance of pharmacists. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the pharmacy practice of Iranian pharmacists regarding over-the-counter use of oral contraceptive pills using simulated patient method...
October 2016: Pharmacy Practice
Maria I Rodriguez, K John McConnell, Jonas Swartz, Alison B Edelman
OBJECTIVES: Oregon has implemented legislation expanding the scope of pharmacists to directly prescribe short-acting hormonal contraception (pill and patch) without a medical prescription. Pharmacists are crucial to the success of the new law, but relatively little is known about their intentions to prescribe contraception, or the motivators or barriers in providing this service. METHODS: With the use of a cross-sectional survey of pharmacists practicing in Oregon before the legislative implementation, we analyzed responses to assess contraceptive knowledge, motivation to participate in direct provision, and perception of barriers to pharmacist prescription of contraception...
September 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Marilia P Tavares, Angel M Foster
INTRODUCTION: Dedicated progestin-only emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) have been available with a prescription in Brazil since 1999. However, utilization of emergency contraception has been limited. We conducted a mystery client study at retail pharmacies in three regions to assess current availability. METHODS: Using a predetermined client profile, we approached a random sample of chain and independent pharmacies in urban areas in the southeastern, northeastern and central-west regions...
August 2016: Contraception
N F Fayzrakhmanov
BACKGROUND: The trafficking of falsified and substandard medicinal products is a global socio-economic problem, which poses a serious threat to economy and health of populations of most countries, including the Russian Federation. OBJECTIVE: To identify the main achievements and challenges in the fight against trafficking of falsified and substandard medicinal products in the Russian Federation, to formulate possible solutions to these problems. METHODS: The study of criminal cases and statistical information about the level of crime in the Russian Federation; legal analysis of regulatory legal acts in the sphere of criminal law and turnover of medicinal products; review of scientific and practical publications...
2015: International Journal of Risk & Safety in Medicine
Irene D Bezemer, Katia M C Verhamme, Rosa Gini, Mees Mosseveld, Peter R Rijnbeek, Gianluca Trifirò, Miriam C J M Sturkenboom, Fernie J A Penning-van Beest, Ron M C Herings
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of oral contraceptive (OC) use, user characteristics and prescribing patterns by accessing health care databases of three European countries. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed from 2009 to 2010 in three general practice (GP) databases from the Netherlands, UK and Italy and in one database of linked pharmacy and hospitalisation data in the Netherlands. The presence of selected chronic conditions and diagnoses of diseases associated with OC use were assessed, as were switches, discontinuations and types of OC used during the study period...
2016: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
Mohamed E K Amin, Betty Chewning
BACKGROUND: Providing correct and complete counseling on the use of oral contraceptives (OCs) is central to securing the autonomy of women in child-bearing age and is a powerful, proven tool of social change. Pharmacists in many developing countries such as Egypt are involved in dispensing and at times prescribing pharmaceuticals, including oral contraceptives that are readily available without a prescription. OBJECTIVES: To predict Egyptian community pharmacists' counseling on oral contraceptives while utilizing a theoretical framework guided by the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB)...
September 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Iolanda Elena Blidaru, Gheorghe Furau, Demetra Socolov
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to investigate the knowledge, perceptions and attitudes of female Romanian university students, as possible future opinion leaders, about contraception and motherhood, by assessing their level of contraceptive use, opinions and knowledge with regard to combined oral contraceptives (COCs). METHODS: A knowledge, attitudes and practice questionnaire was conducted among 1105 female university students aged 19 to 30 years. The participants were recruited from six faculties at universities in Iasi and Arad, Romania...
2016: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
Wendy V Norman, Judith A Soon, Dimitra Panagiotoglou, Arianne Albert, Peter J Zed
BACKGROUND: Access to prescription contraception is often limited by the availability of physicians, particularly in rural areas. Pharmacists are available but are not authorized in Canada to prescribe contraceptives, an innovation proved successful in the United States. It is unknown whether Canadian pharmacists, particularly those in rural areas, are willing to adopt this innovation and what barriers and facilitators they predict. We explored the acceptability and feasibility for independent provision of contraception at pharmacies throughout British Columbia (BC)...
July 2015: Contraception
Angela Akol, Dawn Chin-Quee, Patricia Wamala-Mucheri, Jane Harriet Namwebya, Sarah Jilani Mercer, John Stanback
BACKGROUND: Private-sector drug shops are often the first point of health care in sub-Saharan Africa. Training and supporting drug shop and pharmacy staff to provide a wide range of contraceptive methods and information is a promising high-impact practice for which more information is needed to fully document implementation experience and impact. METHODS: Between September 2010 and March 2011, we trained 139 drug shop operators (DSOs) in 4 districts of Uganda to safely administer intramuscular DMPA (depot medroxyprogesterone acetate) contraceptive injections...
December 2014: Global Health, Science and Practice
Rosalijn Both, Fantawork Samuel
BACKGROUND: The growing popularity of emergency contraceptives (ECs) among urban youth in Sub-Saharan Africa is accompanied by debates on morality and health. This study was situated in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and aimed to explore how these debates affect the way in which the product is promoted at a national level, how it is dispensed by service providers, and how young people access, purchase, and get informed about ECs. METHODS: Data were collected using qualitative methods: observations in pharmacies, administering semi-structured questionnaires to young people in pharmacies (N = 36), informal interviews with young people (N = 65), and in-depth interviews with service providers (N = 8) and key stakeholders (N = 3)...
2014: BMC Women's Health
Mohamed N Al-Arifi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to identify the community pharmacist perceptions and attitudes toward ethical issues at community pharmacy setting in Saudi Arabia. METHOD: A cross-sectional, descriptive, and qualitative survey of community pharmacists was conducted and the survey questions were pre-tested by a pharmacist with extensive experience in ethical issues. Based on the result of a pilot study the questionnaire was used with some modifications and the final questionnaire was sent to the participants by handing over in person, mail or Email...
September 2014: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
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