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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105781/a-qualitative-study-exploring-medication-management-in-people-with-dementia-living-in-the-community-and-the-potential-role-of-the-community-pharmacist
#1
Ian D Maidment, Lydia Aston, Tiago Moutela, Chris G Fox, Andrea Hilton
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of dementia is increasing rapidly. People with dementia may be prescribed complex medication regimens, which may be challenging for them and any carers involved to safely manage. OBJECTIVE: To describe and understand the key challenges, in relation to medication issues, experienced by people with dementia and their informal carers dwelling in the community and the potential role of community pharmacists. DESIGN: Qualitative semi-structured interviews...
January 19, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103948/the-cost-effectiveness-of-a-patient-tailored-intervention-programme-to-enhance-adherence-to-antihypertensive-medication-in-community-pharmacies-study-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Danielle M van der Laan, Petra J M Elders, Christel C L M Boons, Judith E Bosmans, Giel Nijpels, Jacqueline G Hugtenburg
BACKGROUND: Medication non-adherence is a complex health care problem. Due to non-adherence, substantial numbers of cardiovascular patients benefit from their medication to only a limited extent. In order to improve adherence, a variety of pharmacist-led interventions have been developed. However, even the most effective interventions achieved only a modest positive effect. To be effective, interventions should be targeted at underlying barriers to adherence, developed in a systematic manner and tailored to specific features of a target group and setting...
January 19, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100204/acceptance-and-attitudes-of-healthcare-staff-towards-the-introduction-of-clinical-pharmacy-service-a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study-from-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-sri-lanka
#3
Lelwala Guruge Thushani Shanika, Chandrani Nirmala Wijekoon, Shaluka Jayamanne, Judith Coombes, Ian Coombes, Nilani Mamunuwa, Andrew Hamilton Dawson, Hithanadura Asita De Silva
BACKGROUND: Multidisciplinary patient management including a clinical pharmacist shows an improvement in patient quality use of medicine. Implementation of a clinical pharmacy service represents a significant novel change in practice in Sri Lanka. Although attitudes of doctors and nurses are an important determinant of successful implementation, there is no Sri Lankan data about staff attitudes to such changes in clinical practice. This study determines the level of acceptance and attitudes of doctors and nurses towards the introduction of a ward-based clinical pharmacy service in Sri Lanka...
January 18, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097713/pharmacist-industry-relationships
#4
Keene Saavedra, Bonnie O'Connor, Adriane Fugh-Berman
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to document, in their own words, beliefs and attitudes that American pharmacists have towards the pharmaceutical industry and pharmacists' interactions with industry. METHODS: An ethnographic-style qualitative study was conducted utilizing open-ended interviews with four hospital pharmacists, two independent pharmacists, two retail pharmacists and one administrative pharmacist in the Washington, DC, metropolitan area to elicit descriptions of and attitudes towards pharmacists' relationships with industry...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097711/pharmacists-perceptions-of-pay-for-performance-versus-fee-for-service-remuneration-for-the-management-of-hypertension-through-pharmacist-prescribing
#5
Meagen M Rosenthal, Nimisha Desai, Sherilyn K D Houle
OBJECTIVES: As pharmacists expand their roles as patient care providers, remuneration must be offered for patient care activities apart from dispensing. Most jurisdictions paying for such services utilize the fee-for-service (FFS) model, while little is known about the role of pay for performance (P4P) within the pharmacy profession. This study aimed to elicit the experience of pharmacists practicing under both models within the Alberta Clinical Trial in Optimizing Hypertension (RxACTION) study in Alberta, Canada...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095068/impact-of-telepharmacy-services-as-a-way-to-increase-access-to-asthma-care
#6
Wendy Brown, David Scott, Daniel Friesner, Tara Schmitz
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate that real-time, telepharmacy-based asthma educational services are feasible and support the efforts of local primary care prescribers to improve patient outcomes. METHODS: The lead investigator [a pharmacist, physician assistant and certified asthma educator] identified an independent community pharmacy with telehealth capabilities in a rural area with a high prevalence of asthma. Working with the pharmacy, an asthma education program was developed based on the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program guidelines...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093442/rococo-study-a-real-world-evaluation-of-an-over-the-counter-medicine-in-acute-cough-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-study
#7
S S Birring, J Brew, A Kilbourn, V Edwards, R Wilson, A H Morice
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the efficacy and safety of CS1002, an over-the-counter cough treatment containing diphenhydramine, ammonium chloride and levomenthol in a cocoa-based demulcent. DESIGN: A multicentre, randomised, parallel group, controlled, single-blinded study in participants with acute upper respiratory tract infection-associated cough. SETTING: 4 general practitioner (GP) surgeries and 14 pharmacies in the UK. PARTICIPANTS: Participants aged ≥18 years who self-referred to a GP or pharmacist with acute cough of <7 days' duration...
January 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090164/a-comparison-of-medication-histories-obtained-by-a-pharmacy-technician-versus-nurses-in-the-emergency-department
#8
Marija Markovic, A Scott Mathis, Hoytin Lee Ghin, Michelle Gardiner, Germin Fahim
PURPOSE: To compare the medication history error rate of the emergency department (ED) pharmacy technician with that of nursing staff and to describe the workflow environment. METHODS: Fifty medication histories performed by an ED nurse followed by the pharmacy technician were evaluated for discrepancies (RN-PT group). A separate 50 medication histories performed by the pharmacy technician and observed with necessary intervention by the ED pharmacist were evaluated for discrepancies (PT-RPh group)...
January 2017: P & T: a Peer-reviewed Journal for Formulary Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090109/substance-use-attitudes-behaviors-education-and-prevention-in-colleges-of-pharmacy-in-the-united-states
#9
REVIEW
Samah F Al-Shatnawi, Matthew Perri, Henry N Young, Merrill Norton
This review describes and summarizes student pharmacists' substance use behavior in the United States. Current literature indicates that there are problems with alcohol and other drug use among student pharmacists. Although researchers have found variations in the type and rate of reported substance use, significant proportions of student pharmacists were identified as being at high risk for substance use disorders (SUDs). Findings from this review suggest that pharmacy schools should encourage and stimulate more research in order to implement effective screening and early intervention programs in an effort to address this important student health issue...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090107/developing-a-framework-for-objective-structured-clinical-examinations-using-the-nominal-group-technique
#10
Safeera Y Hussainy, Matthew F Crum, Paul J White, Ian Larson, Daniel T Malone, David T Manallack, Joseph A Nicolazzo, Jennifer McDowell, Angelina S Lim, Carl M Kirkpatrick
Objective. To use the nominal group technique to develop a framework to improve existing and develop new objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs) within a four-year bachelor of pharmacy course. Design. Using the nominal group technique, a unique method of group interview that combines qualitative and quantitative data collection, focus groups were conducted with faculty members, practicing pharmacists, and undergraduate pharmacy students. Five draft OSCEs frameworks were suggested and participants were asked to generate new framework ideas...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090100/description-and-evaluation-of-an-mpharm-practice-based-experience-pilot-program
#11
Philip Winn, Christopher J Turner
Objective. To determine the level of support among pharmacists in central Scotland to serve as mentors and provide practice-based experience to students enrolled in a master of pharmacy degree program. Methods. A study was conducted during the 2011-2012 academic year in which first-year MPharm students in Scotland were paired with practicing pharmacists for 2 half-day visits per month. The students were integrated into the pharmacy workflow and engaged in activities ranging from date checking to counseling patients...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090099/first-year-pharmacy-students-views-on-their-chosen-professional-career
#12
Lezley-Anne Hanna, Fergal Askin, Maurice Hall
Objective. To investigate what factors influenced students to study pharmacy and determine in which sector they hoped to gain employment, both in the short and longer term. Methods. First-year pharmacy students (n=124) were invited to complete a paper-based, self-administered questionnaire consisting of 4 sections. Descriptive statistics and nonparametric tests were conducted. Results. One hundred (96.8% response rate) students completed the questionnaire (22.5% male; 77.5% female). Key influential factors for choosing pharmacy included: enjoyment of science at school, a desire to improve people's health and wellbeing, and to work in health care...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089522/the-impact-of-medication-synchronization-on-quality-care-criteria-in-an-independent-community-pharmacy
#13
Jessica L Hinson, Gretchen K Garofoli, Betsy M Elswick
OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of a comprehensive medication synchronization program in an independent community pharmacy by (1) evaluating changes in Electronic Quality Improvement Platform for Plans and Pharmacies (EQuIPP) scores and (2) examining the change in monthly prescription volume. SETTING: Independent community pharmacy in Morgantown, WV. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: Waterfront Family Pharmacy is a single-location independent community pharmacy located in Morgantown, WV...
January 11, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089415/antimicrobial-stewardship-in-the-federal-bureau-of-prisons-approaches-from-the-national-and-local-levels
#14
Michael J Long, Brian N LaPlant, Justin C McCormick
OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of national and local antimicrobial stewardship measures on overall antibiotic prescribing in the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP). SETTING: Care was delivered to more than 160,000 inmates in 122 BOP facilities in the United States and Puerto Rico. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: Medical centers and health services clinics staffed by in-house medical staff, consultants, and specialists. Staffs include a variety of disciplines, including physicians, pharmacists, dentists, nurses, infection control personnel, therapists, health services administrators, and institution executive staff...
January 12, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088050/pharmacists-knowledge-of-issues-in-pharmacotherapy-of-epilepsy-using-antiepileptic-drugs-a-cross-sectional-study-in-palestinian-pharmacy-practice
#15
Ramzi Shawahna, Ahlam Atrash, Aman Jebril, Areen Khalaf, Eman Shaheen, Hala Tahboosh
OBJECTIVE: Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are mainstay in controlling epileptic seizures. As experts in medications, pharmacists should be able to ensure accuracy of dosing regimens, explain adverse effects, and screen for and alert people with epilepsy (PWE) and their physicians to possible drug-drug interactions (DDIs). The aim of this study was to evaluate pharmacists' knowledge of issues in pharmacotherapy of epilepsy using AEDs. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional observational study conducted in the Palestinian pharmacy practice...
January 11, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087207/continuous-medication-monitoring-comm-a-foundational-model-to-support-the-clinical-work-of-community-pharmacists
#16
Amber M Goedken, Christine M Butler, Randal P McDonough, Michael J Deninger, William R Doucette
BACKGROUND: Under the Continuous Medication Monitoring (CoMM) approach, community pharmacists prevent, identify, resolve, and document drug therapy problems during the dispensing process. OBJECTIVE: To describe the patients receiving CoMM interventions and the pattern of delivery of CoMM interventions. METHODS: Pharmacy dispensing and clinical records were reviewed for patients filling at least one prescription and receiving at least one continuous medication monitoring intervention at a community pharmacy from April 2014 through March 2015...
January 2, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079746/sentinel-surveillance-for-expedited-partner-therapy-prescriptions-using-pharmacy-data-in-2-new-york-city-neighborhoods-2015
#17
Ebiere Okah, Vibhuti Arya, Meighan Rogers, Michelle Kim, Julia Ann Schillinger
BACKGROUND: Expedited partner therapy (EPT) for Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) is the practice of providing Ct-infected patients with medication, or prescription (prescription-EPT) to deliver to their sex partners without first examining those partners. New York City (NYC) providers commonly use prescription-EPT, yet NYC pharmacists report only occasional receipt of EPT prescriptions. This project assessed the frequency of EPT prescriptions filled in 2 NYC neighborhoods. METHODS: The 2 NYC facilities reporting the most frequent use of prescription-EPT were identified from Ct provider case reports and contacted to ascertain their EPT practices...
February 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078665/computerized-pharmacy-surveillance-and-alert-system-for-drug-related-problems
#18
O Ferrández, O Urbina, S Grau, J Mateu-de-Antonio, M Marin-Casino, J Portabella, S Mojal, M Riu, E Salas
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Because of the impact of drug-related problems (DRPs) on morbidity and mortality, there is a need for computerized strategies to increase drug safety. The detection and identification of the causes of potential DRPs can be facilitated by the incorporation of a pharmacy warning system (PWS) in the computerized prescriber order entry (CPOE) and its application in the routine validation of inpatient drug therapy. A limited number of studies have evaluated a clinical decision support system to monitor drug treatment...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077240/association-between-community-pharmacy-loyalty-and-persistence-and-implementation-of-antipsychotic-treatment-among-individuals-with-schizophrenia
#19
Frank E Zongo, Jocelyne Moisan, Jean-Pierre Grégoire, Alain Lesage, Anara Richi Dossa, Sophie Lauzier
BACKGROUND: Non-adherence is a major obstacle to optimal treatment of schizophrenia. Community pharmacists are in a key position to detect non-adherence and put in place interventions. Their role is likely to be more efficient when individuals are loyal to a single pharmacy. OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between the level of community pharmacy loyalty and persistence with and implementation of antipsychotic drug treatment among individuals with schizophrenia...
December 28, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076549/training-of-pharmacy-technicians-for-dispensing-drugs-in-primary-health-care
#20
Daniela Oliveira de Melo, Caroline Godoi Rezende da Costa Molino, Eliane Ribeiro, Nicolina Silvana Romano-Lieber
Few Brazilian articles discuss the importance of pharmacy technicians who offer direct assistance to patients. This paper describes an experience of the training of pharmacy technicians in drug dispensing. A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in the primary healthcare setting. The technicians were trained by the pharmacist to advise patients at the time of drug dispensing and to screen cases that needed pharmaceutical consultation. Problems were identified by verifying the prescription and return date for dispensing the medication as well as through direct questioning of the patients...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
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