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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681440/community-pharmacist-directed-point-of-care-group-a-streptococcus-testing-evaluation-of-a-canadian-program
#1
John Papastergiou, Chantal Rene Trieu, Deborah Saltmarche, Artemis Diamantouros
OBJECTIVE: Streptococcus pyogenes is an aerobic, gram-positive bacterium responsible for a wide variety of infections including common pharyngitis. Novel rapid antigen detection tests allow for diagnosis of group A Streptococcus (GAS) at the point of care. The objective of the study is to evaluate the effects and feasibility of community pharmacist-directed GAS testing. SETTING: A retrospective analysis of aggregate billing data was conducted using descriptive statistics to evaluate the acceptance and feasibility of a community pharmacist-directed Streptococcus testing program at Shoppers Drug Mart pharmacies in the Canadian provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, and Nova Scotia...
April 19, 2018: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678148/knowledge-and-practice-of-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-in-lebanon-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Lamis R Karaoui, Mary E Deeb, Layal Nasser, Souheil Hallit
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge and practice of Lebanese patients living with diabetes mellitus in regards to their diabetes self- management. METHODS: A cross-sectional study, conducted between January and June 2015, enrolled 207 urban adult patients with diabetes mellitus from community pharmacies while purchasing their diabetes medications. Their knowledge and self-management practices were assessed using a structured anonymous interview survey questionnaire...
April 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676947/intravenous-chemotherapy-compounding-errors-in-a-follow-up-pan-canadian-observational-study
#3
Rachel E Gilbert, Melissa C Kozak, Roxanne B Dobish, Venetia C Bourrier, Paul M Koke, Vishal Kukreti, Heather A Logan, Anthony C Easty, Patricia L Trbovich
PURPOSE: Intravenous (IV) compounding safety has garnered recent attention as a result of high-profile incidents, awareness efforts from the safety community, and increasingly stringent practice standards. New research with more-sensitive error detection techniques continues to reinforce that error rates with manual IV compounding are unacceptably high. In 2014, our team published an observational study that described three types of previously unrecognized and potentially catastrophic latent chemotherapy preparation errors in Canadian oncology pharmacies that would otherwise be undetectable...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676608/exercise-is-medicine-student-pharmacists-perceptions-and-knowledge-of-exercise-prescription
#4
Amie J Dirks-Naylor, Carrie L Griffiths, Mark A Bush
With healthcare costs on the rise, a global initiative was launched in 2007, called Exercise is Medicine, to prescribe and counsel patients on exercise to aid in the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases. Since community pharmacists are one of the most accessible healthcare providers, this is an opportunity for pharmacists to also engage in this initiative. This study aimed to assess pharmacy student perceptions and knowledge on exercise to determine whether they are adequately prepared to counsel patients on exercise prescription...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675851/fall-prevention-in-central-coast-community-pharmacies
#5
G M Stuart, H L Kale
ISSUE ADDRESSED: Fall injuries among people aged 65 years and over (older people) cause substantial health decline and cost to the health system. In 2009 in New South Wales 25.6% of older people fell in the previous year, and 10.7% (32,000) were hospitalised. Pharmacists are trusted professionals, who interact extensively with older people and have potential to augment fall prevention in pharmacies. This brief report describes how professional development improved pharmacist's knowledge and confidence in fall prevention, encouraged implementation of fall prevention plans, and facilitated provision of brief fall prevention interventions for older clients, after identification of fall risk...
April 19, 2018: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673698/-which-information-is-given-during-the-purchase-of-an-hiv-self-test-in-a-caen-pharmacy-a-comprehensive-transversal-and-observational-study-using-surveys-without-modification-of-practice
#6
S Guitton, A Rabiaza
INTRODUCTION: HIV infection affects about 150,000 people in France. In total, 30,000 of them are unaware of their serostatus. In this context, HIV self-testing has arrived in France in September 2015. The aim of our study was to analyze the level of application of the recommendations during the purchase of an HIV self-test. Our primary hypothesis was that the delivered information is poor. METHODS: We realized a comprehensive transversal and observational study with surveys without modification of practice in all Caen pharmacies...
April 16, 2018: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671885/-i-expected-just-to-walk-in-get-my-tablets-and-then-walk-out-on-framing-new-community-pharmacy-services-in-the-english-healthcare-system
#7
Asam Latif, Justin Waring, Deborah Watmough, Matthew J Boyd, Rachel A Elliott
Reconfiguration of the healthcare division of labour is becoming increasingly attractive in the context of increased patient demand and resource constraints. One example is the introduction of extended roles for pharmacists to provide patients additional support to manage their medicines, while also reducing work pressures experienced by other health professionals. Understanding how such policies are framed by those delivering and receiving care has been under-theorised. Using Goffman's frame theory, we examine one newly introduced community pharmacy service (New Medicines Service (NMS)) to illustrate how a policy intended to support patient medicine-taking through the extended roles of pharmacists is framed and where this deviates from its proposed aims...
April 19, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670404/evaluation-of-vancomycin-therapy-in-the-adult-icus-of-a-teaching-hospital-in-southern-iran
#8
Afsaneh Vazin, Motahare Mahi Birjand, Masoud Darake
Background: Vancomycin resistance in intensive care units (ICUs) accounts for significant morbidity and excess costs. The objective of the present study was to determine the appropriateness of vancomycin use in the various ICUs of Nemazee Hospital, Shiraz, Iran. Methods: This prospective study was performed on 95 critically ill patients (48 males and 47 females) who were treated with vancomycin for at least 3 subsequent doses in 6 ICUs during 12 months. Required demographic, clinical, and paraclinical data were collected by a pharmacist...
2018: Drug, Healthcare and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667584/pharmacist-interventions-during-patient-rounds-in-two-intensive-care-units-clinical-and-financial-impact
#9
B E Bosma, P M L A van den Bemt, P H G J Melief, J van Bommel, S S Tan, N G M Hunfeld
INTRODUCTION: The risk of prescribing errors and related adverse drug events (ADE) on the intensive care unit (ICU) is high. Based on studies carried out in North America or the UK, a clinical pharmacy service can reduce ADEs and lower overall costs. This study looks into the clinical and financial impact of interventions made by pharmacists during patient rounds in two ICU settings in the Netherlands. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A quality improvement study was performed in a general teaching hospital (GTH) and a university hospital (UH) in the Netherlands...
April 2018: Netherlands Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665720/community-pharmacist-preferences-in-transition-of-care-communications
#10
Mackenzie A Dolan, Chelsea P Renfro, Stefanie P Ferreri, Betsy B Shilliday, Timothy J Ives, Jamie J Cavanaugh
OBJECTIVE: To determine community pharmacist preferences in transition of care (TOC) communications. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, data were gathered via electronic survey of community pharmacists regarding their preferences for TOC communications. The survey was distributed via email by the North Carolina Board of Pharmacy. Results were analyzed using descriptive statistics. RESULTS: Survey responses were received from 343 community pharmacists (response rate = 6...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651337/weaving-the-health-and-pharmaceutical-care-agenda-through-the-themes-of-the-commonwealth-heads-of-government-meeting-chogm-london-2018
#11
EDITORIAL
Victoria Rutter, Amy Hai Yan Chan, Chloe Tuck, Lina Bader, Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar, Ian Bates
The biennial Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) this year is based around four key themes: prosperity, fairness, sustainability and security. This is an opportune time to consider the role of pharmacists in healthcare delivery, and particularly their contribution to achieving the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). As a member of the Commonwealth Health Professions Alliance (CHPA), the Commonwealth Pharmacists Association (CPA) has been working to ensure that pharmacy-related aspects of health are represented in the advocacy papers submitted by Civil Society...
2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650884/-role-of-pharmacists-in-the-care-of-pediatric-patients-needing-home-visiting-intervention-for-pharmaceutical-management-and-their-life-depending-on-medical-care
#12
Michiyo Kawana, Minoru Hatsuta, Yoichi Ishikawa, Masayoshi Hirohara, Kazuki Kushida
Medical advances have made it possible to save lives of children with severe refractory diseases. As a result, the number of children who need continuous medical care at home has increased. However, currently, few medical personnel of both medical institutions and pharmacies are aware of home visiting intervention for pharmaceutical management. Home visiting intervention should be utilized more for severely impaired children who are highly dependent on medical care to effectively reduce the nursing care burden of the family and to secure pharmaceutical supply path...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650869/-introduction-of-pbpm-and-its-effects-for-a-home-care-support-clinic
#13
Hirofumi Imajo, Ryoko Ogawa, Toyoka Oka, Satoru Hasegawa, Eri Hirata, Masato Kishimoto, Keigo Yasukawa, Masayoshi Hirohara, Kazuki Kushida
Medical teams have been promoted in home care. It is possible for pharmacists who are part of a multidisciplinary team to maintain safety and improve the quality of medical care. Protocol-based pharmacotherapy management(PBPM)is recommended for cooperation between the pharmacist and the doctor in the management of pharmacotherapy. In order to introduce PBPM, it is necessary for the pharmacist and the doctor to cooperate and to extract the problems in community medicine. In this study, the clinic pharmacist examined the problem of unnecessary inquiries and proposed PBPM...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650868/-present-status-and-problems-of-management-and-guidance-for-visiting-pharmacy-service-to-in-home-patients-by-hospital-pharmacists
#14
Masumi Nakamura, Yoshie Kishita, Miyako Asada, Megumi Otsuka, Sachiko Takeshita, Norihisa Hama, Seigo Hayashi, Tomoki Ito, Masayuki Nishio, Masaki Nakamura
We conducted a survey of the background of 41 patients who received management and guidance from an in-home visiting pharmacy service and of the contents of support by the pharmacist, using patients' medical records from May 2016 to March 2017. Support comprised delivery of medicine to alleviate a burden to caregiver, suggesting medication, adjusting remaining medicines, and providing support during hospitalization. Out of 285 visits, there were 32 visits for which a medical fee could not be claimed. The main reasons for this were delivery of medicine on the day of visiting medical care, management of prescribed medicine at home, and delivery of temporal medicines...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650444/reviewing-state-mandated-training-requirements-for-naloxone-dispensing-pharmacists
#15
Andrew W Roberts, Delesha M Carpenter, Austin Smith, Kevin A Look
BACKGROUND: Expanding access to naloxone is crucial for mitigating the public health epidemic of opioid overdose deaths in America. Pharmacists now have greater independent authority to dispense naloxone to the public due to a wave of enhanced pharmacy naloxone access laws. It is unknown to what extent pharmacists are required to receive specialized training to serve in this capacity. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to review naloxone training mandates from states with enhanced pharmacy naloxone access laws...
April 5, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642733/warfarin-patients-with-anemia-show-trend-of-out-of-range-international-normalized-ratio-frequency-with-point-of-care-testing-in-an-anticoagulation-clinic
#16
Christina E DeRemer, Bliss McMichael, Henry N Young
INTRODUCTION: Many factors influence international normalized ratio (INR); however, few studies have examined the impact of anemia in warfarin patients. The primary objective of this study was to explore the relationship between in-clinic anemia and the control of INR within an anticoagulation clinic. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on a random sample of patients seen in an academic medical center pharmacy-managed anticoagulation clinic. Hemochron® Signature Elite machine was utilized to monitor point-of-care (POC) INR...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630024/an-evaluation-of-the-implementation-of-pharmacist-prescribed-hormonal-contraceptives-in-california
#17
Priya Batra, Sally Rafie, Zhiwei Zhang, Amay V Singh, Chloe E Bird, Aparna Sridhar, J Greer Sullivan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the implementation of pharmacist-prescribed hormonal contraceptives in California after a recent expansion of pharmacists' scope of practice. METHODS: A probability sample of 480 licensed California retail pharmacies (stratified by nonrural or rural location and independent or chain status) was included in a cross-sectional "secret shopper" telephone survey assessing the availability of pharmacist-prescribed hormonal contraceptives and service details...
April 6, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629623/meeting-abstracts-amcp-managed-care-specialty-pharmacy-annual-meeting-2018
#18
(no author information available yet)
The AMCP Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy Annual Meeting 2018 in Boston, Massachusetts, is expected to attract more than 3,800 managed care pharmacists and other health care professionals who manage and evaluate drug therapies, develop and manage networks, and work with medical managers and information specialists to improve the care of all individuals enrolled in managed care programs. The AMCP Abstracts program provides a forum through which authors can share their insights and outcomes of advanced managed care practice...
April 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628037/-the-community-pharmacy-in-the-early-detection-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-warning-signs
#19
María Teresa Climent, Ana Molinero
Cognitive dysfunction and dementia in the elderly population constitute a significant health problem due to their magnitude and seriousness. Patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are at increased risk of developing some form of dementia, including Alzheimer disease. Epidemiological studies support the existence of preventable risks for cognitive impairment: vascular factors and lifestyle-related factors. The aim is to detect possible cases of cognitive impairment in people aged over 55 years in the community pharmacy area...
June 2017: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627872/hospital-clinical-pharmacy-services-in-vietnam
#20
Hieu T Trinh, Huong T L Nguyen, Van T T Pham, Hai L Ba, Phuong T X Dong, Thao T B Cao, Hanh T H Nguyen, Jo-Anne Brien
Background Clinical pharmacy is key to the quality use of medicines. While there are different approaches in different countries, international perspectives may inform health service development. The Vietnamese Ministry of Health introduced a legal regulation of clinical pharmacy services in December 2012. Objective To describe the services, and to explore reported barriers and facilitators in implementing clinical pharmacy activities in Vietnamese hospitals after the introduction of Vietnamese Ministry of Health legal regulation...
April 7, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
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