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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094647/using-drawings-as-a-reflective-tool-to-enhance-communication-in-dementia-care
#1
Phil McEvoy, Sue Bellass
Communication skills training can be a valuable means of supporting professional and family carers of people with dementia. Most communication skills training programmes for those caring for people with dementia focus on dementia awareness and the technical aspects of communication, such as the pace and volume of the carer's speech. However, it is also important to examine what is conveyed about a carer's internal experience in their non-verbal interactions with people living with dementia. This article explores how drawings can be used to help carers to reflect on what is communicated and question any hidden assumptions...
January 4, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078095/what-factors-influence-ward-nurses-recognition-of-and-response-to-patient-deterioration-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#2
REVIEW
Debbie Massey, Wendy Chaboyer, Vinah Anderson
AIM: In this integrative review, we aimed to: first, identify and summarize published studies relating to ward nurses' recognition of and response to patient deterioration; second, to critically evaluate studies that described or appraised the practice of ward nurses in recognizing and responding to patient deterioration; and third, identify gaps in the literature for further research. DESIGN: An integrative review. METHODS: The Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) Ovid Medline, Informit and Google Scholar databases were accessed for the years 1990-2014...
January 2017: Nursing Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068146/a-natural-language-based-presentation-of-cognitive-stimulation-to-people-with-dementia-in-assistive-technology-a-pilot-study
#3
Nina Dethlefs, Maarten Milders, Heriberto Cuayáhuitl, Turkey Al-Salkini, Lorraine Douglas
Currently, an estimated 36 million people worldwide are affected by Alzheimer's disease or related dementias. In the absence of a cure, non-pharmacological interventions, such as cognitive stimulation, which slow down the rate of deterioration can benefit people with dementia and their caregivers. Such interventions have shown to improve well-being and slow down the rate of cognitive decline. It has further been shown that cognitive stimulation in interaction with a computer is as effective as with a human...
January 9, 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044334/monitoring-the-anaesthetist-in-the-operating-theatre-professional-competence-and-patient-safety
#4
REVIEW
J Larsson
This article about competence and patient safety in anaesthesia was inspired by a statement in the 2015 AAGBI guidelines on monitoring during anaesthesia: 'the presence of an appropriately trained and experienced anaesthetist is important for patient safety during anaesthesia'. The review starts with a structured description of competence, presenting five dimensions of it; the first two dimensions are identical with the two classical attributes of competence, practical skills and theoretical knowledge. Concerning skills, the value of aiming for a high level of proficiency early in a traning programme is pointed out, and deliberate practice is given as an example of a pedagogical model where aiming for excellence is a core idea...
January 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017423/operating-room-performance-improves-after-proficiency-based-virtual-reality-cataract-surgery-training
#5
Ann Sofia Skou Thomsen, Daniella Bach-Holm, Hadi Kjærbo, Klavs Højgaard-Olsen, Yousif Subhi, George M Saleh, Yoon Soo Park, Morten la Cour, Lars Konge
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of virtual reality proficiency-based training on actual cataract surgery performance. The secondary purpose of the study was to define which surgeons benefit from virtual reality training. DESIGN: Multicenter masked clinical trial. PARTICIPANTS: Eighteen cataract surgeons with different levels of experience. METHODS: Cataract surgical training on a virtual reality simulator (EyeSi) until a proficiency-based test was passed...
December 22, 2016: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007529/application-of-a-paper-based-device-containing-a-new-culture-medium-to-detect-vibrio-cholerae-in-water-samples-collected-in-haiti
#6
REVIEW
Romain Briquaire, Rita R Colwell, Jacques Boncy, Emmanuel Rossignol, Aline Dardy, Isabelle Pandini, François Villeval, Jean-Louis Machuron, Anwar Huq, Shah Rashed, Thierry Vandevelde, Christine Rozand
Cholera is now considered to be endemic in Haiti, often with increased incidence during rainy seasons. The challenge of cholera surveillance is exacerbated by the cost of sample collection and laboratory analysis. A diagnostic tool is needed that is low cost, easy-to-use, and able to detect and quantify Vibrio cholerae accurately in water samples within 18-24h, and perform reliably in remote settings lacking laboratory infrastructure and skilled staff. The two main objectives of this study were to develop and evaluate a new culture medium embedded in a new diagnostic tool (PAD for paper based analytical device) for detecting Vibrio cholerae from water samples collected in Haiti...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Microbiological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002181/effects-of-caffeine-ingestion-on-skill-performance-during-an-international-female-rugby-sevens-competition
#7
Javier Portillo, Juan Del Coso, Javier Abián-Vicén
The aim of this study was to establish the effects of a caffeine-containing energy drink on skills and technical performance during a match in female elite rugby sevens players. On two non-consecutive days of a friendly tournament, sixteen women from the Spanish national rugby-sevens team (mean age = 23±2 yr) ingested 3 mg of caffeine per kg of body mass in the form of an energy drink or the same drink without caffeine (placebo drink). After sixty minutes for caffeine absorption, participants played three rugby sevens matches against another national team...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999720/changes-in-dynamic-balance-and-hip-strength-after-an-eight-week-conditioning-program-in-ncaa-division-i-female-soccer-football-athletes
#8
Brandon M Ness, Brett A Comstock, William E Schweinle
BACKGROUND: Lower extremity injury commonly affects female soccer athletes. Decreased dynamic balance and hip strength are identified risk factors for lower extremity injury. Little is known about how these factors adapt to a training stimulus in this population. PURPOSE: To retrospectively investigate changes in lower extremity dynamic balance and isometric hip strength in Division I collegiate female soccer athletes after participating in an eight-week strength and conditioning program...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993402/competencies-for-government-veterinary-services-of-the-future-summary-of-isvee-14-yucatan-2015-roundtable-discussion
#9
Katharina D C Stärk, Vitor S P Goncalves, Brian J McCluskey, Julio Pinto, Toshiyuki Tsutsui, Jane Gibbens
This short communication summarizes the strengths and weaknesses of current organisational structures in government veterinary services, as well as future technical, financial and societal challenges and related necessary competencies for government veterinary services of the future as discussed by an expert panel at ISVEE2015. First, participating representatives of veterinary services of diverse geographical backgrounds and statements from the audience confirmed that non-technical skills such as ability to work in teams, adaptability to new environments and situations, social and communication skills are increasingly seen as important...
December 14, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986970/optimising-clinical-performance-during-resuscitation-using-video-evaluation
#10
David J Lowe, Alistair Dewar, Adam Lloyd, Simon Edgar, Gareth R Clegg
Video evaluation of resuscitation is becoming increasingly integrated into practice in a number of clinical settings. The purpose of this review article is to examine how video may enhance clinical care during resuscitation. As healthcare and available therapeutic interventions evolve, re-evaluation of accepted paradigms requires data to describe current practice and support change. Analysis of video recordings affords creation of a framework to evaluate individual and team performance and develop unique and tailored strategies to optimise care delivery...
December 16, 2016: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982305/a-glance-at-the-non-technical-skills-of-nurses-simulation-contributions
#11
EDITORIAL
Emilia Campos de Carvalho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27970478/guidelines-for-translation-and-cross-cultural-adaptation-of-non-technical-skills-rating-instruments
#12
J P Repo, E Rosqvist
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931123/developments-in-multibreath-washout-testing-in-children-with-cystic-fibrosis
#13
Clare Saunders, Katie Bayfield, Samantha Irving, Christopher Short, Andrew Bush, Jane C Davies
Lung Clearance Index (LCI) is becoming recognized as an important addition in the monitoring of pediatric cystic fibrosis (CF). The non-invasive technique is easy to perform in all ages, reproducible and increasingly being used in clinical trials. There is interest to utilize it within the clinic setting but its current use is mostly as a research tool. The procedure is highly dependent on skilled operators and a relaxed testing environment is key to obtaining good quality measurements. Standardization of LCI is part of an ongoing collaborative, multicenter process...
December 9, 2016: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930962/aiming-for-excellence-a-simulation-based-study-on-adapting-and-testing-an-instrument-for-developing-non-technical-skills-in-norwegian-student-nurse-anaesthetists
#14
Fiona M Flynn, Kjersti Sandaker, Randi Ballangrud
There is increasing focus on building safety into anaesthesia practice, with excellence in anaesthesia as an aspirational goal. Non-technical skills are an important factor in excellence and improved patient safety, though there have been few systematic attempts at integrating them into anaesthesia nursing education. This study aimed to test the reliability of NANTS-no, a specially adapted behavioural marker system for nurse anaesthetists in Norway, and explore the development of non-technical skills in student nurse anaesthetists...
November 29, 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918336/resident-physicians-improve-nontechnical-skills-when-on-operating-room-management-and-leadership-rotation
#15
Devon C Cole, Christopher R Giordano, Terrie Vasilopoulos, Brenda G Fahy
BACKGROUND: Anesthesiology residency primarily emphasizes the development of medical knowledge and technical skills. Yet, nontechnical skills (NTS) are also vital to successful clinical practice. Elements of NTS are communication, teamwork, situational awareness, and decision making. METHODS: The first 10 consecutive senior residents who chose to participate in this 2-week elective rotation of operating room (OR) management and leadership training were enrolled in this study, which spanned from March 2013 to March 2015...
January 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917376/evaluation-of-an-intervention-to-improve-essential-obstetric-and-newborn-care-access-and-quality-in-cotopaxi-ecuador
#16
Edward Broughton, Jorge Hermida, Kathleen Hill, Nancy Sloan, Mario Chavez, Daniel Gonzalez, Juana Maria Freire, Ximena Gudino
BACKGROUND: Despite improvements in health-care utilization, disadvantages persist among rural, less educated, and indigenous populations in Ecuador. The United States Agency for International Development-funded Cotopaxi Project created a provincial-level network of health services, including community agents to improve access, quality, and coordination of essential obstetric and newborn care. We evaluated changes in participating facilities compared to non-participating controls. METHODS: The 21 poorest parishes (third-level administrative unit) in Cotopaxi were targeted from 2010 to 2013 for a collaborative health system performance improvement...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863530/performances-of-low-level-hospital-health-caregivers-after-a-neonatal-resuscitation-course
#17
Giuseppe De Bernardo, Desirée Sordino, Francesco Cavallin, Veronica Mardegan, Nicoletta Doglioni, Maria Luisa Tataranno, Daniele Trevisanuto
BACKGROUND: High fidelity simulation has been executed to allow the evaluation of technical and non-technical skills of health caregivers. Our objective was to assess technical and non-technical performances of low level hospitals health caregivers who attended a Neonatal Resuscitation course using high fidelity simulation in a standard-setting scenario. METHODS: Twenty-three volunteers were asked to manage a simple scenario (infant with secondary apnea) after the course...
November 18, 2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862175/epistemology-culture-justice-and-power-non-bioscientific-knowledge-for-medical-training
#18
Ayelet Kuper, Paula Veinot, Jennifer Leavitt, Sarah Levitt, Amanda Li, Jeannette Goguen, Martin Schreiber, Lisa Richardson, Cynthia R Whitehead
CONTEXT: While medical curricula were traditionally almost entirely comprised of bioscientific knowledge, widely accepted competency frameworks now make clear that physicians must be competent in far more than biomedical knowledge and technical skills. For example, of the influential CanMEDS roles, six are conceptually based in the social sciences and humanities (SSH). Educators frequently express uncertainty about what to teach in this area. This study concretely identifies the knowledge beyond bioscience needed to support the training of physicians competent in the six non-Medical Expert CanMEDS roles...
November 15, 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860194/description-and-student-self-evaluation-of-a-pilot-small-group-learning-and-integrated-simulation-program-for-medical-students-in-the-first-clinical-year
#19
M R Levinson, D Kelly, K Zahariou, M Johnson, C Jackman, Sara Mackenzie
INTRODUCTION: Contemporary education for medical students should be student centered, integrated and contextualized. Small group learning promotes clinical reasoning and skills for lifelong learning. Simulation can provide experiential learning in a safe and controlled environment. We developed a weekly integrated problem based learning and simulation program (IPS) over two semesters in the first clinical year to augment clinical placement experience and contextualize theory into work relevant practice...
November 17, 2016: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849424/learning-by-viewing-versus-learning-by-doing-a-comparative-study-of-observer-and-participant-experiences-during-an-interprofessional-simulation-training
#20
Marit Hegg Reime, Tone Johnsgaard, Fred Ivan Kvam, Morten Aarflot, Janecke Merethe Engeberg, Marit Breivik, Guttorm Brattebø
Larger student groups and pressure on limited faculty time have raised the question of the learning value of merely observing simulation training in emergency medicine, instead of active team participation. The purpose of this study was to examine observers and hands-on participants' self-reported learning outcomes during simulation-based interprofessional team training regarding non-technical skills. In addition, we compared the learning outcomes for different professions and investigated team performance relative to the number of simulations in which they participated...
January 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
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