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Leadership resuscitation

Tara Follett, Sara Calderon-Crossman, Denise Clarke, Marcia Ergezinger, Christene Evanochko, Krystal Johnson, Natalie Mercy, Barbara Taylor
BACKGROUND: A level 1 community hospital with a labor, delivery, recovery, and postpartum (LDRP) unit delivering over 2800 babies per year was operating without dedicated neonatal resuscitation and stabilization support. PURPOSE: With lack of funding and space to provide an onsite level 2 neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), a position was created to provide neonatal nurse practitioner (NNP) coverage to support the LDRP unit. METHOD: The article describes the innovative solution of having an NNP team rotate from a regional neonatal intensive care program to a busy community LDRP unit...
October 4, 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
Aussama Nassar, Angela Coates, Faiz Tuma, Forough Farrokhyar, Susan Reid
OBJECTIVES: To develop a novel assessment tool for trainees-led trauma resuscitation. Assess psychometric properties of the proposed tool. Evaluate feasibility and utility of the tool. INTRODUCTION: Trauma resuscitation is a structured and complex process involving unique sets of skills. There is currently no published structured formative evaluation tool for trauma trainees. Therefore, many trauma trainees rely upon limited, unstructured feedback on their performance...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Candice Wang, Chin-Chou Huang, Shing-Jong Lin, Jaw-Wen Chen
OBJECTIVES: The goal of our study was to shed light on educational methods to strengthen medical students' cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) leadership and team skills in order to optimise CPR understanding and success using didactic videos and high-fidelity simulations. DESIGN: An observational study. SETTING: A tertiary medical centre in Northern Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 104 5-7th year medical students, including 72 men and 32 women...
2016: BMJ Open
Kelsey Ford, Michael Menchine, Elizabeth Burner, Sanjay Arora, Kenji Inaba, Demetrios Demetriades, Bertrand Yersin
INTRODUCTION: Leadership skills are described by the American College of Surgeons' Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) course as necessary to provide care for patients during resuscitations. However, leadership is a complex concept, and the tools used to assess the quality of leadership are poorly described, inadequately validated, and infrequently used. Despite its importance, dedicated leadership education is rarely part of physician training programs. The goals of this investigation were the following: 1...
September 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Phoebe Yager, Corey Collins, Carlene Blais, Kathy O'Connor, Patricia Donovan, Maureen Martinez, Brian Cummings, Christopher Hartnick, Natan Noviski
OBJECTIVE: Given the rarity of in-hospital pediatric emergency events, identification of gaps and inefficiencies in the code response can be difficult. In-situ, simulation-based medical education programs can identify unrecognized systems-based challenges. We hypothesized that developing an in-situ, simulation-based pediatric emergency response program would identify latent inefficiencies in a complex, dual-hospital pediatric code response system and allow rapid intervention testing to improve performance before implementation at an institutional level...
September 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Shea C Gregg, Daithi S Heffernan, Michael D Connolly, Andrew H Stephen, Stephanie N Leuckel, David T Harrington, Jason T Machan, Charles A Adams, William G Cioffi
BACKGROUND: Limited data exist on how to develop resident leadership and communication skills during actual trauma resuscitations. METHODS: An evaluation tool was developed to grade senior resident performance as the team leader during full-trauma-team activations. Thirty actions that demonstrated the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education core competencies were graded on a Likert scale of 1 (poor) to 5 (exceptional). These actions were grouped by their respective core competencies on 5 × 7-inch index cards...
October 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Robyn P Cant, Joanne E Porter, Simon J Cooper, Kate Roberts, Ian Wilson, Christopher Gartside
OBJECTIVES: This prospective descriptive study aimed to test the validity and feasibility of the Team Emergency Assessment Measure (TEAM™) for assessing real-world medical emergency teams' non-technical skills. Second, the present study aimed to explore the instrument's contribution to practice regarding teamwork and learning outcomes. METHODS: Registered nurses (RNs) and medical staff (n = 104) in two hospital EDs in rural Victoria, Australia, participated...
July 28, 2016: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
Philip S Robinson, Emma Shall, Roby Rakhit
BACKGROUND: Leadership skills directly correlate with the quality of technical performance of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and clinical outcomes. Despite an improved focus on non-technical skills in CPR training, the leadership of cardiac arrests is often variable. AIMS: To assess the perceptions of leadership and team working among members of a cardiac arrest team and to evaluate future training needs. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of 102 members of a cardiac arrest team at an Acute Hospital Trust in the UK with 892 inpatient beds...
June 8, 2016: Postgraduate Medical Journal
Tessy A Thomas, Satid Thammasitboon, Dorene F Balmer, Kevin Roy, Laurence B McCullough
OBJECTIVE: Our study objectives were to explore moral distress among pediatric team clinicians within the context of resuscitation experiences, and determine whether there were any distinctively ethical perspectives on moral distress that could be conceptualized as challenges to professional integrity, rather than to previously described psychological responses of clinicians. DESIGN: Descriptive, exploratory qualitative study. SETTING: A large tertiary pediatric academic hospital in Houston, TX...
July 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Line Zinckernagel, Carolina Malta Hansen, Morten Hulvej Rod, Fredrik Folke, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Tine Tjørnhøj-Thomsen
OBJECTIVE: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training in schools is recommended to increase bystander CPR and thereby survival of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, but despite mandating legislation, low rates of implementation have been observed in several countries, including Denmark. The purpose of the study was to explore barriers to implementation of CPR training in Danish secondary schools. DESIGN: A qualitative study based on individual interviews and focus groups with school leadership and teachers...
2016: BMJ Open
Susan Steinemann, Ajay Bhatt, Gregory Suares, Alexander Wei, Nina Ho, Gene Kurosawa, Eunjung Lim, Benjamin Berg
BACKGROUND: Briefing of the trauma team before patient arrival is unstructured in many centers. We surveyed trauma teams regarding agreement on patient care priorities and evaluated the impact of a structured, physician-led briefing on concordance during simulated resuscitations. METHODS: Trauma nurses at our Level II center were surveyed, and they participated in four resuscitation scenarios, randomized to "briefed" or "nonbriefed." For nonbriefed scenarios, nurses independently reviewed triage sheets with written information...
July 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Simon Cooper, Robyn Cant, Cliff Connell, Lyndall Sims, Joanne E Porter, Mark Symmons, Debra Nestel, Sok Ying Liaw
AIM: To test the resuscitation non-technical Team Emergency Assessment Measure (TEAM) for feasibility, validity and reliability, in two Australian Emergency Departments (ED). BACKGROUND: Non-technical (teamwork) skills have been identified as inadequate and as such have a significant impact on patient safety. Valid and reliable teamwork assessment tools are an important element of performance assessment and debriefing processes. METHODS: A quasi experimental design based on observational ratings of resuscitation non-technical skills in two metropolitan ED...
April 2016: Resuscitation
Lawrence M Gillman, Sandy Widder, Julien Clément, Paul T Engels, John Damian Paton-Gay, Peter G Brindley
The Standardized Trauma and Resuscitation Team Training (S.T.A.R.T.T.) course focuses on training multidisciplinary trauma teams: surgeons/physicians, registered nurses (RNs), respiratory therapists (RTs) and, most recently, prehospital personnel. The S.T.A.R.T.T. curriculum highlights crisis management (CRM) skills: communication, teamwork, leadership, situational awareness and resource utilization. This commentary outlines the modifications made to the course curriculum in order to satisfy the learning needs of a bilingual audience...
April 2016: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
Susan Steinemann, Gene Kurosawa, Alexander Wei, Nina Ho, Eunjung Lim, Gregory Suares, Ajay Bhatt, Benjamin Berg
BACKGROUND: Trauma care requires coordinating an interprofessional team, with formative feedback on teamwork skills. We hypothesized nurses and surgeons have different perceptions regarding roles during resuscitation; that nurses' teamwork self-assessment differs from experts', and that video debriefing might improve accuracy of self-assessment. METHODS: Trauma nurses and surgeons were surveyed regarding resuscitation responsibilities. Subsequently, nurses joined interprofessional teams in simulated trauma resuscitations...
February 2016: American Journal of Surgery
Hazim Sadideen, Sharon-Marie Weldon, Munir Saadeddin, Mark Loon, Roger Kneebone
OBJECTIVE: Leadership is particularly important in complex highly interprofessional health care contexts involving a number of staff, some from the same specialty (intraprofessional), and others from different specialties (interprofessional). The authors recently published the concept of "The Burns Suite" (TBS) as a novel simulation tool to deliver interprofessional and teamwork training. It is unclear which leadership behaviors are the most important in an interprofessional burns resuscitation scenario, and whether they can be modeled on to current leadership theory...
January 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Margaret Murphy, Kate Curtis, Andrea McCloughen
BACKGROUND: In hospital emergencies require a structured team approach to facilitate simultaneous input into immediate resuscitation, stabilisation and prioritisation of care. Efforts to improve teamwork in the health care context include multidisciplinary simulation-based resuscitation team training, yet there is limited evidence demonstrating the value of these programmes.(1) We aimed to determine the current state of knowledge about the key components and impacts of multidisciplinary simulation-based resuscitation team training by conducting an integrative review of the literature...
February 2016: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
James W Price, Oliver Applegarth, Mark Vu, John R Price
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to identify factors that have a positive or negative influence on resuscitation team performance during emergencies in the operating room (OR) and post-operative recovery unit (PAR) at a major Canadian teaching hospital. This information was then used to implement a team training program for code blue emergencies. METHODS: In 2009/10, all OR and PAR nurses and 19 anesthesiologists at Vancouver General Hospital (VGH) were invited to complete an anonymous, 10 minute written questionnaire regarding their code blue experience...
2012: Canadian Medical Education Journal
Jeremiah M Kinsman, Bernard M Jaffe
BACKGROUND: Prehospital emergency care training programs are effective in reducing mortality and disability in low-income countries. Implementation of a specifically designed program in the mountainous regions of Nepal has the potential to benefit local populations, trekking and mountaineering guides, and adventure tourists. OBJECTIVE: Our aims were to survey Nepal Mountaineering Association (NMA) members' past experiences with emergencies and medical training, characterize a geographic-specific prehospital emergency care training program, and evaluate the effectiveness and outcome of the program...
December 2015: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Sarah G Moxon, Harriet Ruysen, Kate J Kerber, Agbessi Amouzou, Suzanne Fournier, John Grove, Allisyn C Moran, Lara M E Vaz, Hannah Blencowe, Niall Conroy, A Gülmezoglu, Joshua P Vogel, Barbara Rawlins, Rubayet Sayed, Kathleen Hill, Donna Vivio, Shamim A Qazi, Deborah Sitrin, Anna C Seale, Steve Wall, Troy Jacobs, Juan Ruiz Peláez, Tanya Guenther, Patricia S Coffey, Penny Dawson, Tanya Marchant, Peter Waiswa, Ashok Deorari, Christabel Enweronu-Laryea, Shams Arifeen, Anne C C Lee, Matthews Mathai, Joy E Lawn
BACKGROUND: The Every Newborn Action Plan (ENAP), launched in 2014, aims to end preventable newborn deaths and stillbirths, with national targets of ≤12 neonatal deaths per 1000 live births and ≤12 stillbirths per 1000 total births by 2030. This requires ambitious improvement of the data on care at birth and of small and sick newborns, particularly to track coverage, quality and equity. METHODS: In a multistage process, a matrix of 70 indicators were assessed by the Every Newborn steering group...
2015: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Amanda R Burden, Erin W Pukenas, Edward R Deal, Douglas B Coursin, Gregory M Dodson, Gregory W Staman, Irwin Gratz, Marc C Torjman
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary arrests are rare, high-stakes events that benefit from using crisis resource management (CRM). Simulation-based education with deliberate practice can promote skill acquisition. OBJECTIVE: We assessed whether using simulation-based education to teach CRM would lead to improved performance, compared to a lecture format. METHODS: We tested third-year internal medicine residents in simulated code scenarios. Participants were randomly assigned to simulation-based education with deliberate practice (SIM) group or lecture (LEC) group...
September 2014: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
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