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Breast cancer in young women

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432855/a-systematic-review-of-psychotherapeutic-interventions-for-women-with-metastatic-breast-cancer-context-matters
#1
REVIEW
Lisa Beatty, Emma Kemp, Phyllis Butow, Afaf Girgis, Penelope Schofield, Jane Turner, Nicholas J Hulbert-Williams, Janelle V Levesque, Bogda Koczwara
OBJECTIVES: To summarise the evidence-base of psychological interventions for women with metastatic breast cancer (MBC), by mode of delivery (group, individual, or low-intensity interventions). To synthesise data regarding core intervention-elements (e.g., intervention duration) and context factors (trial setting, uptake and adherence, demographic characteristics). METHODS: Four databases were searched (inception - May 2016): MEDLINE (OvidSP), PsycINFO (OvidSP), CINAHL (EBSCO), and SCOPUS; reference lists were examined for additional publications...
April 22, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427528/mechanisms-of-chemotherapy-induced-ovarian-damage-in-breast-cancer-patients
#2
REVIEW
Giovanni Codacci-Pisanelli, Lino Del Pup, Maria Del Grande, Fedro A Peccatori
Fertility preservation in breast cancer patients is an increasingly relevant topic. In the present paper we review available data on the mechanism of ovarian damage caused by anticancer agents currently used for the treatment of breast cancer. We also describe current methods to preserve fertility including oocytes or ovarian tissue freezing and administration of LH-RHa during chemotherapy. The aim of the paper is to provide clinical oncologists with an adequate knowledge of the subject to enable them to give a correct counselling to young women that must receive chemotherapy and want to increase their possibilities of maintaining fertility...
May 2017: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419166/comparison-of-standardized-uptake-value-of-18f-fdg-pet-ct-with-21-gene-recurrence-score-in-estrogen-receptor-positive-her2-negative-breast-cancer
#3
Sung Gwe Ahn, Jae-Hoon Lee, Hak Woo Lee, Tae Joo Jeon, Young Hoon Ryu, Kun Min Kim, Joohyuk Sohn, Mijin Yun, Seung Ah Lee, Joon Jeong, Seung Il Kim
BACKGROUND: We investigated the relationship between 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography (18F-FDG-PET-CT) standardized uptake value (SUV) and 21-gene recurrence score (RS) in estrogen receptor (ER)-positive/HER2-negative breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred sixty-seven patients were identified among those who underwent preoperative 18F-FDG-PET-CT and had RS. Maximum SUV was obtained from 18F-FDG-PET-CT; the cut-off point was 4...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417238/bilateral-mastectomy-as-overtreatment-for-breast-cancer-in-women-age-forty-years-and-younger-with-unilateral-operable-invasive-breast-cancer
#4
Cory A Donovan, Jean Bao, Alexandra Gangi, Farin Amersi, Xiao Zhang, Armando E Giuliano, Alice P Chung
BACKGROUND: Young women with breast cancer (BC) have an increased risk of contralateral breast cancer (CBC) compared with older women. This may contribute to the rising rates of bilateral mastectomy (BM), but it is unclear if BM leads to improved outcomes. METHODS: A prospectively maintained database was reviewed. Patient and tumor characteristics, survival, and rate of CBC were compared in women age ≤40 years treated for unilateral Stage 1-3 BC from January 2000 through December 2013...
April 17, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415749/hmagea2-promotes-progression-of-breast-cancer-by-regulating-akt-and-erk1-2-pathways
#5
Song Park, Yonghun Sung, Jain Jeong, Minjee Choi, Jinhee Lee, Wookbong Kwon, Soyoung Jang, Si Jun Park, Hyeng-Soo Kim, Mee-Hyun Lee, Dong Joon Kim, Kangdong Liu, Sung-Hyun Kim, Zigang Dong, Zae Young Ryoo, Myoung Ok Kim
Breast cancer is the most abundant cancer worldwide and a severe problem for women. Notably, breast cancer has a high mortality rate, mainly because of tumor progression and metastasis. Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is highly progressive and lacks the expression of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2). Therefore, there are no established therapeutic targets against TNBC. In this study, we investigated whether the expression of human melanoma-associated antigen A2 (MAGEA2) is associated with TNBC...
March 14, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408113/surgical-outcomes-in-women-%C3%A2-70-years-undergoing-mastectomy-with-and-without-reconstruction-for-breast-cancer
#6
Simone Mays, Hanan Alabdulkareem, Paul Christos, Rache Simmons, Tracy-Ann Moo
BACKGROUND: Approximately 4% of women age 70 will develop breast cancer during the next ten years. Reconstruction has become a standard option for young women undergoing mastectomy for breast cancer, however may not be offered to older women due to the presence of co-morbidities. There is limited data on the outcomes of mastectomy with reconstruction in patient's ≥ 70. This study examines comorbidities and 30-day complication rates in patients ≥70 undergoing mastectomy for breast cancer...
April 5, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401542/quality-of-life-after-mastectomy-with-or-without-immediate-breast-reconstruction
#7
J Dauplat, F Kwiatkowski, P Rouanet, E Delay, K Clough, J L Verhaeghe, I Raoust, G Houvenaeghel, P Lemasurier, E Thivat, C Pomel
BACKGROUND: Mastectomy with immediate breast reconstruction (IBR) is a surgical strategy in breast cancer when breast-conserving surgery is not an option. There is a lack of evidence showing an advantage of mastectomy plus IBR over mastectomy alone on health-related quality of life (QoL). METHODS: A large prospective multicentre survey, STIC-RMI (support of innovative and expensive techniques - immediate breast reconstruction), was undertaken to study the changes in QoL in patients treated by mastectomy with or without IBR...
April 12, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388952/breast-cancer-in-iraq-is-associated-with-a-unimodally-distributed-predominance-of-luminal-type-b-over-luminal-type-a-surrogates-from-young-to-old-age
#8
Runnak A Majid, Hemin A Hassan, Dana N Muhealdeen, Hazha A Mohammed, Michael D Hughson
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer has recently increased in post-menopausal Iraqi women. In Western countries at high-risk for breast cancer, there is a bimodal increase in estrogen receptor (ER) positive tumors with a peak of low proliferation rate luminal A over higher proliferation rate luminal B tumors after 60 years of age. The aim of this study was to analyze in Iraqi women whether shifts are occurring in immunohistochemical (IHC) surrogates of molecular breast cancer subtypes toward a high-risk profile...
April 7, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382092/genetic-predisposition-of-polymorphisms-in-hmgb1-related-genes-to-breast-cancer-prognosis-in-korean-women
#9
Junsu Lee, Jaesung Choi, Seokang Chung, JooYong Park, Ji-Eun Kim, Hyuna Sung, Wonshik Han, Jong Won Lee, Sue K Park, Mi Kyung Kim, Sei-Hyun Ahn, Dong-Young Noh, Keun-Young Yoo, Daehee Kang, Ji-Yeob Choi
PURPOSE: The high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) protein has roles in apoptosis and immune responses by acting as a ligand for receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE), Toll-like receptors (TLRs), and triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 1. In particular, HMGB1/RAGE is involved in tumor metastasis by inducing matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) and MMP9 expression. We investigated the associations between genetic variations in HMGB1-related genes and disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) in Korean female breast cancer patients...
March 2017: Journal of Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382089/basic-facts-of-breast-cancer-in-korea-in-2014-the-10-year-overall-survival-progress
#10
REVIEW
Eun Hwa Park, Sun Young Min, Zisun Kim, Chan Seok Yoon, Kyu-Won Jung, Seok Jin Nam, Se Jeong Oh, Seeyoun Lee, Byeong-Woo Park, Woosung Lim, Min Hee Hur
We, the Korean Breast Cancer Society (KBCS), present the facts and the trends of breast cancer in Korea in 2014. Data on the total number of newly diagnosed patients was obtained from the Korea Central Cancer Registry database, other data were collected from the KBCS online registry database, and the overall survival data of patients were updated from Statistics Korea. A total of 21,484 female patients were newly diagnosed with breast cancer in 2014. The crude incidence rate and the age-standardized incidence rate (ASR) of breast cancer in female patients, including carcinoma in situ, were 83...
March 2017: Journal of Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376189/breast-cancer-survival-of-brca1-brca2-mutation-carriers-in-a-hospital-based-cohort-of-young-women
#11
Marjanka K Schmidt, Alexandra J van den Broek, Rob A E M Tollenaar, Vincent T H B M Smit, Pieter J Westenend, Mariël Brinkhuis, Wolter J W Oosterhuis, Jelle Wesseling, Maryska L Janssen-Heijnen, Jan J Jobsen, Agnes Jager, Adri C Voogd, Flora E van Leeuwen, Laura J van 't Veer
Background: The primary aim of the study was to investigate prognosis and long-term survival in young breast cancer patients with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 germline mutation compared with noncarriers. The secondary aim was to investigate whether differences in survival originate from associations with tumor characteristics, second cancers, and/or treatment response. Methods: We established a cohort of invasive breast cancer patients diagnosed younger than age 50 years in 10 Dutch hospitals between 1970 and 2003...
August 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374324/which-women-decide-to-take-tamoxifen
#12
Steven A Narod, Victoria Sopik, Ping Sun
PURPOSE: To identify factors which predict, among estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer patients, who chooses to take adjuvant tamoxifen. METHODS: We studied 1347 women with ER-positive breast cancer who were treated at Women's College Hospital between 1987 and 2000. For each patient, we obtained information on age at diagnosis, tumour size, lymph node status, ER status, treatments received and dates of local recurrence and of death. We compared women who did and who did not take tamoxifen for a range of factors...
April 3, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365953/risk-factors-and-histopathological-features-of-breast-cancer-among-women-with-different-menopausal-status-and-age-at-diagnosis
#13
Ozan Unlu, Dilara Kiyak, Canan Caka, Merve Yagmur, Huseyin G Yavas, Fadime Erdogan, Nazli Sener, Bahar Oguz, Taner Babacan, Kadri Altundag
PURPOSE: Although there are studies that investigate different risk factors and clinicopathological features of breast cancer in women at different age groups and menopausal status, there is a need for studies with larger study populations due to controversial findings. We conducted this study to identify demographic parameters in breast cancer patients and histopathological features of the tumors for different age groups and compare them to demonstrate significant differences, if any...
January 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362229/late-chronotypes-are-associated-with-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-in-women-with-breast-cancer
#14
Kwang-Min Lee, Doo-Young Jung, Heesung Hwang, Won-Hyoung Kim, Joo-Young Lee, Tae-Yong Kim, Seock-Ah Im, Kyung-Hun Lee, David Spiegel, Bong-Jin Hahm
Neoadjuvant chemotherapy, that is, the administration of chemotherapy before surgery, has been commonly used for locally advanced breast cancer to improve the surgical outcomes and increase the opportunity for breast-conserving therapy. Women with breast cancer often receive an anthracycline-based regimen as the neoadjuvant chemotherapy, which is associated with a high risk of emesis. Despite the development of novel antiemetics, chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) has been commonly reported as a major adverse effect, affecting the quality of life of the patients...
2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355431/state-variation-in-the-receipt-of-a-contralateral-prophylactic-mastectomy-among-women-who-received-a-diagnosis-of-invasive-unilateral-early-stage-breast-cancer-in-the-united-states-2004-2012
#15
Rebecca Nash, Michael Goodman, Chun Chieh Lin, Rachel A Freedman, Laura S Dominici, Kevin Ward, Ahmedin Jemal
Importance: The use of contralateral prophylactic mastectomies (CPMs) among patients with invasive unilateral breast cancer has increased substantially during the past decade in the United States despite the lack of evidence for survival benefit. However, whether this trend varies by state or whether it is correlated with changes in proportions of reconstructive surgery among these patients is unclear. Objective: To determine state variation in the temporal trend and in the proportion of CPMs among women with early-stage unilateral breast cancer treated with surgery...
March 29, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350255/diagnostic-performance-of-breast-ultrasonography-and-mri-in-the-prediction-of-lymph-node-status-after-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-for-breast-cancer
#16
Su Min Ha, Joo Hee Cha, Hak Hee Kim, Hee Jung Shin, Eun Young Chae, Woo Jung Choi
Background Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) is widely used to treat breast cancer. Sentinel lymph node biopsy has replaced axillary lymph node dissection in patients who convert to node-negative status after NAC. However, few studies have evaluated the diagnostic performance of ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in determining axillary lymph node status after NAC. Purpose To evaluate the diagnostic performance of breast ultrasonography and MRI in determining residual metastatic axillary lymph node status after NAC for breast cancer and to identify histopathological factors affecting radiological performance...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349273/background-parenchymal-enhancement-on-breast-mri-association-with-recurrence-free-survival-in-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-invasive-breast-cancer
#17
Yaeji Lim, Eun Sook Ko, Boo-Kyung Han, Eun Young Ko, Ji Soo Choi, Jeong Eon Lee, Se Kyung Lee
PURPOSE: To determine whether BPE in preoperative breast MRI influences patients' recurrence-free survival (RFS). METHODS: Between February 2010 and December 2011, 804 consecutive women with invasive breast cancer who had undergone preoperative breast MRI and curative cancer surgery were identified. BPE was visually graded by two reviewers. We determined the correlation between BPE grade and other clinicopathological variables, including age, adjuvant therapy, menopausal status, histologic grade, T stage, N stage, lymphovascular invasion, molecular subtype, surgical margin status, and mammographic density...
March 27, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334337/birth-outcomes-among-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors
#18
Chelsea Anderson, Stephanie M Engel, Jennifer E Mersereau, Kristin Z Black, William A Wood, Carey K Anders, Hazel B Nichols
Importance: Cancer diagnosis and treatment may adversely affect reproductive outcomes among female cancer survivors. Objective: To compare the birth outcomes of adolescent and young adult cancer survivors (AYA [diagnosed at ages 15-39 years]) with those of women without a cancer diagnosis. Design, Setting, and Participants: The North Carolina Central Cancer Registry (CCR) was used to identify female AYA cancer survivors diagnosed from January 2000 to December 2013; CCR records were linked to statewide birth certificate files from January 2000 to December 2014 to identify postdiagnosis live births to AYA survivors (n = 2598)...
March 23, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331762/the-determination-of-knowledge-applications-and-health-beliefs-of-third-and-fourth-grade-nursing-students-regarding-breast-self-exam
#19
Aygül Kıssal, Bahtışen Kartal, Öznur Çetin
OBJECTIVE: Breast Self-Exam (BSE) is a screening method for the early diagnosis of breast cancer in young women. However, the knowledge and applications of the students related to Breast Self-Exam (BSE) are insufficient. This study aims to investigate the knowledge, application and health beliefs of the students related to BSE. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive study's sample consisted of 127 third and fourth grade students in the Nursing Department. Socio-demographic Form, Breast Cancer Knowledge Form, Health Belief Model Scale and BSE Checklist were used in order to collect the data...
January 2017: Journal of Breast Health (2013)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327906/european-cancer-mortality-predictions-for-the-year-2017-with-focus-on-lung-cancer
#20
M Malvezzi, G Carioli, P Bertuccio, P Boffetta, F Levi, C La Vecchia, E Negri
Background: We predicted cancer mortality figures in the European Union (EU) for the year 2017 using most recent available data, with a focus on lung cancer. Materials and methods: We retrieved cancer death certification data and population figures from the World Health Organisation and Eurostat databases. Age-standardized (world standard population) rates were computed for France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Spain, the UK and the EU overall in 1970-2012. We obtained estimates for 2017 by implementing a joinpoint regression model...
February 21, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
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