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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342776/effect-of-needle-size-in-ultrasound-guided-core-needle-breast-biopsy-comparison-of-14-16-and-18-gauge-needles
#1
Michela Giuliani, Pierluigi Rinaldi, Rossella Rella, Gina Fabrizi, Federica Petta, Giorgio Carlino, Alba Di Leone, Antonino Mulè, Enida Bufi, Maurizio Romani, Paolo Belli, Lorenzo Bonomo
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy (US-CNB) of breast lesions, comparing smaller needles (16- and 18-gauge) with the 14-gauge needle, and to analyze the lesion characteristics influencing US-CNB diagnostic performance. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All the patients provided informed consent before the biopsy procedure. The data from breast lesions that had undergone US-CNB in our institution from January 2011 to January 2015 were retrospectively reviewed...
March 6, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339847/telephone-delivered-exercise-advice-and-behavior-change-support-by-physical-therapists-for-people-with-knee-osteoarthritis-protocol-for-the-telecare-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Rana S Hinman, Belinda J Lawford, Penny K Campbell, Andrew M Briggs, Janette Gale, Caroline Bills, Simon D French, Jessica Kasza, Andrew Forbes, Anthony Harris, Stephen J Bunker, Clare M Delany, Kim L Bennell
Background.: Exercise and physical activity are a core component of knee osteoarthritis (OA) care, yet access to physical therapists is limited for many people. Telephone service delivery models may increase access. Objective.: Determine the effectiveness of incorporating exercise advice and behaviour change support by physical therapists into an existing Australian nurse-led musculoskeletal telephone service for adults with knee OA. Design.: Randomized controlled trial with nested qualitative studies...
March 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333982/understanding-health-policy-leaders-training-needs
#3
Carey Roth Bayer, L Lerissa Smith, Renée Volny Darko, Marissa McKool, Fengxia Yan, Harry Heiman
PURPOSE: We assessed the training needs of health policy leaders and practitioners across career stages; identified areas of core content for health policy training programs; and, identified training modalities for health policy leaders. METHODS: We convened a focus group of health policy leaders at varying career stages to inform the development of the Health Policy Leaders' Training Needs Assessment tool. We piloted and distributed the tool electronically. We used descriptive statistics and thematic coding for analysis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331251/is-focus-on-prevention-missing-in-national-health-programs-a-situation-analysis-of-iec-bcc-health-promotion-activities-in-a-district-setting-of-punjab-and-haryana
#4
Jarnail Singh Thakur, Nidhi Jaswal, Ashoo Grover
CONTEXT: Health promotion (HP) has been an integral part of all national programs although it has been a low priority in India, which has resulted in a failure to achieve the desired results. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Situation analysis of information education communication (IEC)/behavior change communication (BCC)/HP activities within the existing national health programs was undertaken in the district of Hoshiarpur in Punjab and the district of Ambala in Haryana during 2013-14...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328306/integration-and-evaluation-of-substance-abuse-research-education-training-saret-into-a-master-of-social-work-program
#5
Ellen Tuchman, Kathleen Hanley, Madeline Naegle, Frederick More, Sewit Bereket, Marc N Gourevitch
BACKGROUND: The Substance Abuse Research and Education Training (SARET) program is funded by the National Institutes of Drug Abuse in 2006 as a novel approach to spark interest in substance abuse research among medical, dental, nursing, and social work graduate students through a Web-based curriculum and research mentorships. This report presents the initial integration of the intervention in a Master of Social Work (MSW) program, the components of the program, and the mixed-methods evaluation of its effect on students' attitudes towards substance abuse research and treatment...
February 8, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327886/impact-on-the-psychotic-vulnerability-of-the-therapeutic-approachin-the-prison-psychiatric-hospital-in-seville-spain
#6
P Massé-García, F J Lamas-Bosque, A Massé-Palomo
OBJECTIVES: to analyze changes in psychotic vulnerability following the implementation of a program of prison psychiatric treatment, recidivism after the release and various descriptive variables of criminological interest. MATERIALS AND METHODS: review of a sample consisting of 50 patients diagnosed with schizophrenia admitted to the Prison Psychiatric Hospital of Seville. RESULTS: there was a statistically significant reduction of psychotic vulnerability according to an assessment using the Frankfurt psychopathological inventory (FBF-3), after conducting a complete psychiatric, psychological, social and rehabilitation approach in the prison environment...
June 2017: Revista Española de Sanidad Penitenciaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326651/current-activities-and-future-directions-of-comprehensive-hepatitis-control-measures-in-japan-a-supportive-role-of-hepatitis-information-center-in-building-a-solid-foundation
#7
Noriko Oza, Hiroshi Isoda, Toshiki Ono, Tatsuya Kanto
In Japan, hepatitis B or C virus infection has been a major health issue. For the prevention of liver-related deaths, multifaceted strategies have been taken against hepatitis virus. In Fiscal Year (FY) 2002, nationwide screening for hepatitis was started as a part of health examinations provided by municipal governments. From FY2007, the hepatitis treatment network has been strengthened by the nationwide establishment of regional government-based hepatitis treatment systems, comprising linked regional core centers, specialized institutions for hepatitis treatment, primary care physicians and regional governments...
March 21, 2017: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325091/nuts-and-bolts-of-running-a-pulmonary-embolism-response-team-results-from-an-organizational-survey-of-the-national-pert%C3%A2-consortium-members
#8
Geoffrey Barnes, Jay Giri, D Mark Courtney, Soophia Naydenov, Todd Wood, Rachel Rosovsky, Kenneth Rosenfield, Christopher Kabrhel
OBJECTIVES: Pulmonary embolism response teams (PERT) are developing rapidly to operationalize multi-disciplinary care for acute pulmonary embolism patients. Our objective is to describe the core components of PERT necessary for newly developing programs. METHODS: An online organizational survey of active National PERT™ Consortium members was performed between April and June 2016. Analysis, including descriptive statistics and Kruskal-Wallis tests, was performed on centers self-reporting a fully operational PERT program...
March 22, 2017: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325084/application-of-a-contextual-instructional-framework-in-a-continuing-professional-development-training-program-for-physiotherapists-in-rwanda
#9
Kim Dunleavy, Julia Chevan, Antoinette P Sander, Jean Damascene Gasherebuka, Monika Mann
BACKGROUND: Continuing professional development is an important component of capacity building in low resource countries. The purpose of this case study is to describe the use of a contextual instructional framework to guide the processes and instructional design choices for a series of continuing professional development courses for physiotherapists in Rwanda. METHODS: Four phases of the project are described: (1) program proposal, needs assessment and planning, (2) organization of the program and instructional design, (3) instructional delivery and (4) evaluation...
March 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323828/liquid-handling-lego-robots-and-experiments-for-stem-education-and-research
#10
Lukas C Gerber, Agnes Calasanz-Kaiser, Luke Hyman, Kateryna Voitiuk, Uday Patil, Ingmar H Riedel-Kruse
Liquid-handling robots have many applications for biotechnology and the life sciences, with increasing impact on everyday life. While playful robotics such as Lego Mindstorms significantly support education initiatives in mechatronics and programming, equivalent connections to the life sciences do not currently exist. To close this gap, we developed Lego-based pipetting robots that reliably handle liquid volumes from 1 ml down to the sub-μl range and that operate on standard laboratory plasticware, such as cuvettes and multiwell plates...
March 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322181/epithelial-mesenchymal-and-hybrid-epithelial-mesenchymal-phenotypes-and-their-clinical-relevance-in-cancer-metastasis
#11
Minal Garg
Cancer metastasis occurs through local invasion of circulating tumour cells (CTCs), intravasation, transportation to distant sites, and their extravasation followed by colonisation at secondary sites. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a normal developmental phenomenon, but its aberrant activation confers tumour cells with enhanced cell motility, metastatic properties, resistant to therapies and cancer stem cell (CSC) phenotype in epithelium-derived carcinoma. Experimental studies from various research papers have been reviewed to determine the factors, which interlink cancer stemness and cellular plasticity with EMT...
March 21, 2017: Expert Reviews in Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322035/multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-program-after-breast-cancer-benefits-on-physical-function-anthropometry-and-quality-of-life
#12
Anne-France Leclerc, Marguerite Foidart-Dessalle, Marco Tomasella, Philippe Coucke, Martine Devos, Olivier Bruyère, Thierry Bury, Dorian Deflandre, Guy Jerusalem, Eric Lifrange, Jean-François Kaux, Jean-Michel Crielaard, Didier Maquet
BACKGROUND: Different clinical trials show beneficial effects of physical training offered during and / or after breast cancer treatment. However, given the variety of side effects that may be encountered, physical training could be combined with psychological, relational and social guidance. This kind of multidisciplinary program has been little studied so far. AIM: To determine the benefits of a three-month multidisciplinary rehabilitation program among women after breast cancer treatment...
March 20, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319197/the-hiv-care-cascade-japanese-perspectives
#13
Aikichi Iwamoto, Rikizo Taira, Yoshiyuki Yokomaku, Tomohiko Koibuchi, Mahbubur Rahman, Yoko Izumi, Kenji Tadokoro
Japan has been known as a low HIV-prevalence country with a concentrated epidemic among high-risk groups. However, it has not been determined whether Japan meets the 90-90-90 goals set by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)/World Health Organization (WHO). Moreover, to date, the HIV care cascade has not been examined. We estimated the total number of diagnosed people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) (n = 22,840) based on legal reports to the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare by subtracting the number of foreigners who left Japan (n = 2,273) and deaths (n = 2,321) from the cumulative diagnosis report (n = 27,434)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317507/effects-of-a-hybrid-online-and-in-person-training-program-designed-to-reduce-alcohol-sales-to-obviously-intoxicated-patrons
#14
Traci L Toomey, Kathleen M Lenk, Darin J Erickson, Keith J Horvath, Alexandra M Ecklund, Dawn M Nederhoff, Shanda L Hunt, Toben F Nelson
OBJECTIVE: Overservice of alcohol (i.e., selling alcohol to intoxicated patrons) continues to be a problem at bars and restaurants, contributing to serious consequences such as traffic crashes and violence. We developed a training program for managers of bars and restaurants, eARM™, focusing on preventing overservice of alcohol. The program included online and face-to-face components to help create and implement establishment-specific policies. METHOD: We conducted a large, randomized controlled trial in bars and restaurants in one metropolitan area in the midwestern United States to evaluate effects of the eARM program on the likelihood of selling alcohol to obviously intoxicated patrons...
March 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317049/programming-and-runtime-support-to-blaze-fpga-accelerator-deployment-at-datacenter-scale
#15
Muhuan Huang, Di Wu, Cody Hao Yu, Zhenman Fang, Matteo Interlandi, Tyson Condie, Jason Cong
With the end of CPU core scaling due to dark silicon limitations, customized accelerators on FPGAs have gained increased attention in modern datacenters due to their lower power, high performance and energy efficiency. Evidenced by Microsoft's FPGA deployment in its Bing search engine and Intel's 16.7 billion acquisition of Altera, integrating FPGAs into datacenters is considered one of the most promising approaches to sustain future datacenter growth. However, it is quite challenging for existing big data computing systems-like Apache Spark and Hadoop-to access the performance and energy benefits of FPGA accelerators...
October 2016: Proc ACM Symp Cloud Comput
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306323/a-feasibility-assessment-of-behavioral-based-interviewing-to-improve-candidate-selection-for-a-pulmonary-and-critical-care-medicine-fellowship-program
#16
Geneva Tatem, Maria Kokas, Cathy L Smith, Bruno DiGiovine
Traditional interviews for residency and fellowship training programs are an important component in the selection process, but can be of variable value due to a non-standardized approach. We redesigned the candidate interview process for our large pulmonary and critical care medicine fellowship program in the United States using a behavioral-based interview structure. The primary goal of this approach was to standardize the assessment of candidates within non-cognitive domains with the goal of selecting those with the best fit for our institution's fellowship program...
March 17, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302555/development-of-bioinformatics-infrastructure-for-genomics-research-in-h3africa
#17
Nicola J Mulder, Ezekiel Adebiyi, Marion Adebiyi, Seun Adeyemi, Azza Ahmed, Rehab Ahmed, Bola Akanle, Mohamed Alibi, Don L Armstrong, Shaun Aron, Efejiro Ashano, Shakuntala Baichoo, Alia Benkahla, David K Brown, Emile R Chimusa, Faisal M Fadlelmola, Dare Falola, Segun Fatumo, Kais Ghedira, Amel Ghouila, Scott Hazelhurst, Iunu Isewon, Segun Jung, Samar Kamal Kassim, Jonathan K Kayondo, Mamana Mbiyavanga, Ayton Meintjes, Somia Mohammed, Abayomi Mosaku, Ahmed Moussa, Mustafa Muhammd, Zahra Mungloo-Dilmohamud, Oyekanmi Nashiru, Trust Odia, Adaobi Okafor, Olaleye Oladipo, Victor Osamor, Jellili Oyelade, Khalid Sadki, Samson Pandam Salifu, Jumoke Soyemi, Sumir Panji, Fouzia Radouani, Oussama Souiai, Özlem Tastan Bishop
BACKGROUND: Although pockets of bioinformatics excellence have developed in Africa, generally, large-scale genomic data analysis has been limited by the availability of expertise and infrastructure. H3ABioNet, a pan-African bioinformatics network, was established to build capacity specifically to enable H3Africa (Human Heredity and Health in Africa) researchers to analyze their data in Africa. Since the inception of the H3Africa initiative, H3ABioNet's role has evolved in response to changing needs from the consortium and the African bioinformatics community...
March 13, 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302329/the-high-performing-radiology-residency-a-case-study
#18
Lu Anne V Dinglasan, Mary H Scanlon
The primary goal of any radiology residency program is to train clinically competent radiologists. However, some radiology programs go above and beyond basic ACGME requirements and produce highly productive radiologists who contribute to the field in research, education and technology. At the core of such residencies are the people who comprise it, including self-motivated, personable residents and faculty who can facilitate excellence from their trainees. Indeed, radiology residencies which create unique programs in response to evolving resident interests can help foster resident-driven research, advocacy, technological innovation and early leadership...
January 14, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295170/implementing-universal-cervical-length-screening-in-asymptomatic-women-with-singleton-pregnancies-challenges-and-opportunities
#19
Michelle K Pedretti, Brenda M Kazemier, Jan E Dickinson, Ben W J Mol
Cervical length (CL) screening has been successfully utilised to identify asymptomatic women, with a singleton pregnancy, at risk of preterm birth (PTB), thereby providing an opportunity to offer interventions that may reduce that risk. Cervical length screening with ultrasound is most effectively performed with a transvaginal approach. Universal cervical length screening, encompassing all singleton pregnancies rather than restricting screening to those considered at increased risk of PTB, is currently not widely used, despite a growing body of evidence in support of its utility for PTB prevention...
March 10, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290482/seda-a-software-package-for-the-statistical-earthquake-data-analysis
#20
A M Lombardi
In this paper, the first version of the software SEDA (SEDAv1.0), designed to help seismologists statistically analyze earthquake data, is presented. The package consists of a user-friendly Matlab-based interface, which allows the user to easily interact with the application, and a computational core of Fortran codes, to guarantee the maximum speed. The primary factor driving the development of SEDA is to guarantee the research reproducibility, which is a growing movement among scientists and highly recommended by the most important scientific journals...
March 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
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