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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818008/occupational-therapy-student-experiences-of-a-university-mental-health-course-based-on-an-integrated-application-of-problem-based-and-team-based-learning
#1
Annika Lexén, Jenny Hultqvist, Gunilla Amnér
BACKGROUND: The goal of problem-based and team-based learning (PBL/TBL) is to maximize student engagement and encourage interactive learning. Combining these methods in course design is described as a win-win situation that optimizes student learning, professional development, and uses varied teaching approaches that fit well within health science. More research is needed in the effectiveness of such a hybrid approach. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore student experiences of a newly developed mental health course based on an integrated application of PBL and TBL in a university occupational therapy program in Sweden...
August 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817429/the-rising-challenge-of-training-physician-scientists-recommendations-from-a-canadian-national-consensus-conference
#2
Michael J Strong, Nick Busing, Danika L Goosney, Ken A Harris, Tanya Horsley, Alexandra Kuzyk, Lorelei Lingard, Wendy V Norman, Norman D Rosenblum, Tina Saryeddine, Xin Wang
Physician-scientists are individuals who actively participate in patient care, have undergone additional research training, and devote the majority of their time to research. Physician-scientists are traditionally the primary catalysts in bridging the translational gap-that is, the failure to link fundamental new knowledge in the pathobiology of disease with advances in health care and health policy in a timely manner. However, there has been a shift away from training physician-scientists, and financial support for the physician-scientist is diminishing globally, causing the translational gap to grow...
August 16, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815796/new-graduate-nurses-preparation-for-recognition-and-prevention-of-failure-to-rescue-a-qualitative-study
#3
Elizabeth K Herron
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: To explore new graduate nurses' experiences with recognition and prevention of failure to rescue. BACKGROUND: Failure to rescue is recognized as a quality of care indicator, a core measure of nursing care in hospitals, and a determinant for staffing in acute care facilities. Clinical reasoning is an essential component in preventing failure to rescue and should be emphasized in nursing education and new graduate orientation. Many nurses graduate without the ability to use clinical reasoning in providing patient care which can lead to adverse patient outcomes...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814328/building-capacity-for-dissemination-and-implementation-research-one-university-s-experience
#4
Ross C Brownson, Enola K Proctor, Douglas A Luke, Ana A Baumann, Mackenzie Staub, Matthew T Brown, Mallory Johnson
BACKGROUND: While dissemination and implementation (D&I) science has grown rapidly, there is an ongoing need to understand how to build and sustain capacity in individuals and institutions conducting research. There are three inter-related domains for capacity building: people, settings, and activities. Since 2008, Washington University in St. Louis has dedicated significant attention and resources toward building D&I research capacity. This paper describes our process, challenges, and lessons with the goal of informing others who may have similar aims at their own institution...
August 16, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811569/transcriptional-response-to-stress-is-pre-wired-by-promoter-and-enhancer-architecture
#5
Anniina Vihervaara, Dig Bijay Mahat, Michael J Guertin, Tinyi Chu, Charles G Danko, John T Lis, Lea Sistonen
Programs of gene expression are executed by a battery of transcription factors that coordinate divergent transcription from a pair of tightly linked core initiation regions of promoters and enhancers. Here, to investigate how divergent transcription is reprogrammed upon stress, we measured nascent RNA synthesis at nucleotide-resolution, and profiled histone H4 acetylation in human cells. Our results globally show that the release of promoter-proximal paused RNA polymerase into elongation functions as a critical switch at which a gene's response to stress is determined...
August 15, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809398/precision-medicine-for-suicidality-from-universality-to-subtypes-and-personalization
#6
A B Niculescu, H Le-Niculescu, D F Levey, P L Phalen, H L Dainton, K Roseberry, E M Niculescu, J O Niezer, A Williams, D L Graham, T J Jones, V Venugopal, A Ballew, M Yard, T Gelbart, S M Kurian, A Shekhar, N J Schork, G E Sandusky, D R Salomon
Suicide remains a clear, present and increasing public health problem, despite being a potentially preventable tragedy. Its incidence is particularly high in people with overt or un(der)diagnosed psychiatric disorders. Objective and precise identification of individuals at risk, ways of monitoring response to treatments and novel preventive therapeutics need to be discovered, employed and widely deployed. We sought to investigate whether blood gene expression biomarkers for suicide (that is, a 'liquid biopsy' approach) can be identified that are more universal in nature, working across psychiatric diagnoses and genders, using larger cohorts than in previous studies...
August 15, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807899/pitx1-directly-modulates-the-core-limb-development-program-to-implement-hindlimb-identity
#7
Stephen Nemec, Maëva Luxey, Deepak Jain, Aurélie Huang Sung, Tomi Pastinen, Jacques Drouin
Forelimbs (FL) and hindlimbs (HL) develop complex musculoskeletal structures that rely on the deployment of a conserved developmental program. Pitx1, a transcription factor gene with expression restricted to HL and absent from FL, plays an important role in generating HL features. The genomic mechanisms by which Pitx1 effects HL identity remain poorly understood, however. Here, we use expression profiling and analysis of direct Pitx1 targets to characterize the HL- and FL-restricted genetic programs and situate the Pitx1-dependent gene network within the context of limb-specific gene regulation...
August 14, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806582/beck-s-cognitive-theory-and-the-response-style-theory-of-depression-in-adolescents-with-and-without-mild-to-borderline-intellectual-disability
#8
Martine M Weeland, Karin S Nijhof, R Otten, Ignace P R Vermaes, Jan K Buitelaar
AIM: This study tests the validity of Beck's cognitive theory and Nolen-Hoeksema's response style theory of depression in adolescents with and without MBID. METHODS: The relationship between negative cognitive errors (Beck), response styles (Nolen-Hoeksema) and depressive symptoms was examined in 135 adolescents using linear regression. RESULTS: The cognitive error 'underestimation of the ability to cope' was more prevalent among adolescents with MBID than among adolescents with average intelligence...
August 11, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805044/nm%C3%AF-improved-re-implementation-of-nm-a-software-for-estimating-gene-dispersal-and-mating-patterns
#9
Igor J Chybicki
This paper introduces the NMπ computer program designed for estimation of plant mating system and seed and pollen dispersal kernels. NMπ is a re-implementation of the NM+ program and provides new features such as support for multi-core processors, explicit treatment of dioecy, the possibility of incorporating uniparentally cytoplasmic markers, the possibility of assessing assortative mating due to phenotypic similarity and inference about offspring genealogies. The probability model of parentage (the neighborhood model) accounts for missing data and genotyping errors, which can be estimated along with regular parameters of the mating system...
August 14, 2017: Molecular Ecology Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798757/establishing-the-bases-for-introducing-the-unexplored-portuguese-common-bean-germplasm-into-the-breeding-world
#10
Susana T Leitão, Marco Dinis, Maria M Veloso, Zlatko Šatović, Maria C Vaz Patto
Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is among the most important grain legumes for human consumption worldwide. Portugal has a potentially promising common bean germplasm, resulting from more than five centuries of natural adaptation and farmers' selection. Nevertheless, limited characterization of this resource hampers its exploitation by breeding programs. To support a more efficient conservation of the national bean germplasm and promote its use in crop improvement, we performed, for the first time, a simultaneous molecular marker (21 microsatellites and a DNA marker for phaseolin-type diversity analysis) and seed and plant morphological characterization (14 traits) of 175 accessions from Portuguese mainland and islands traditional bean-growing regions...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798213/providing-experiential-business-and-management-training-for-biomedical-research-trainees
#11
Kimberly A Petrie, Robert H Carnahan, Abigail M Brown, Kathleen L Gould
Many biomedical PhD trainees lack exposure to business principles, which limits their competitiveness and effectiveness in academic and industry careers. To fill this training gap, we developed Business and Management Principles for Scientists, a semester-long program that combined didactic exposure to business fundamentals with practical team-based projects aimed at solving real business problems encountered by institutional shared--resource core facilities. The program also included a retreat featuring presentations by and networking with local life science entrepreneurs and final team presentations to expert judges...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795918/the-role-of-implementation-science-training-in-global-health-from-the-perspective-of-graduates-of-the-field-s-first-dedicated-doctoral-program
#12
Arianna R Means, David E Phillips, Grégoire Lurton, Anne Njoroge, Sabine M Furere, Rong Liu, Wisal M Hassan, Xiaochen Dai, Orvalho Augusto, Peter Cherutich, Gloria Ikilezi, Caroline Soi, Dong Roman Xu, Christopher G Kemp
Bridging the 'know-do gap' is an enormous challenge for global health practitioners. They must be able to understand local health dynamics within the operational and social contexts that engender them, test and adjust approaches to implementation in collaboration with communities and stakeholders, interpret data to inform policy decisions, and design adaptive and resilient health systems at scale. These skills and methods have been formalized within the nascent field of Implementation Science (IS). As graduates of the world's first PhD program dedicated explicitly to IS, we have a unique perspective on the value of IS and the training, knowledge, and skills essential to bridging the 'know-do gap'...
December 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794620/spreading-improvements-for-advanced-copd-care-through-a-canadian-collaborative
#13
Graeme M Rocker, Claudia Amar, Wendy L Laframboise, Jane Burns, Jennifer Y Verma
BACKGROUND: A year-long pan-Canadian quality improvement collaborative (QIC) led by the Canadian Foundation for Healthcare Improvement (CFHI) supported the spread of the successful Halifax, Nova Scotia-based INSPIRED COPD Outreach Program™ to 19 teams in the 10 Canadian provinces. We describe QIC results, addressing two main questions: 1) Can the results of the Nova Scotia INSPIRED model be replicated elsewhere in Canada? 2) How did the teams implement and evaluate their versions of the INSPIRED program? METHODS: Collaborative faculty selected measures that were evidence-based, relatively simple to collect, and relevant to local context...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783908/quantitative-estimation-of-21st-century-urban-greenspace-changes-in-chinese-populous-cities
#14
Bin Chen, Zhen Nie, Ziyue Chen, Bing Xu
Understanding the spatiotemporal changes of urban greenspace is a critical requirement for supporting urban planning and maintaining the function of urbanities. Although plenty of previous studies have attempted to estimate urban greenspace changes in China, there still remain shortcomings such as inconsistent surveying procedures and insufficient spatial resolution and city samples. Using cloud-free Landsat image composites in circa years 2000 and 2014, and Defense Meteorological Program Satellite Program's Operational Line-scan System (DMSP/OLS) nighttime lights dataset, we quantitatively estimated the urban greenspace changes regarding both administrative divisions and urban core boundaries across 98 Chinese populous cities...
July 31, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783458/tele-ophthalmology-for-age-related-macular-degeneration-and-diabetic-retinopathy-screening-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Atsushi Kawaguchi, Noha Sharafeldin, Aishwarya Sundaram, Sandy Campbell, Matthew Tennant, Christopher Rudnisky, Ezekiel Weis, Karim F Damji
BACKGROUND: To synthesize high-quality evidence to compare traditional in-person screening and tele-ophthalmology screening. METHODS: Only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included in this systematic review and meta-analysis. The intervention of interest was any type of tele-ophthalmology, including screening of diseases using remote devices. Studies involved patients receiving care from any trained provider via tele-ophthalmology, compared with those receiving equivalent face-to-face care...
August 7, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783108/professionals-recommended-strategies-to-improve-australian-adolescents-knowledge-of-nutrition-and-food-systems
#16
Sanaz Sadegholvad, Heather Yeatman, Anne-Maree Parrish, Anthony Worsley
BACKGROUND: Education and policy measures within schools are valuable strategies to promote health. This study explored views of experienced food-related educators, researchers and policy-makers regarding their recommended strategies to improve Australian adolescents' knowledge of nutrition and food systems (N&FS). METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with twenty-one experienced food-related experts from across Australia. Interviews were conducted either by telephone or face-to-face...
August 7, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780683/title-v-workforce-development-in-the-era-of-health-transformation
#17
Lewis Margolis, Amy Mullenix, Alexsandra A Apostolico, Lacy M Fehrenbach, Dorothy Cilenti
Purpose The National Maternal and Child Health Workforce Development Center at UNC Chapel Hill (the Center), funded by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau, provides Title V state/jurisdiction leaders and staff and partners from other sectors with opportunities to develop skills in quality improvement, systems mapping and analysis, change management, and strategies to enhance access to care to leverage and implement health transformation opportunities to improve the health of women and children. Description Since 2013, the Center has utilized a variety of learning platforms to reach state and jurisdiction Title V leaders...
August 5, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777891/musculoskeletal-ultrasound-instruction-in-adult-rheumatology-fellowship-programs
#18
Karina D Torralba, Amy C Cannella, Eugene Y Kissin, Marcy B Bolster, Lorena M Salto, Jay Higgs, Jonathan Samuels, Midori Jane Nishio, Gurjit S Kaeley, Amy Evangelisto, Paul De Marco, Minna J Kohler
OBJECTIVES: Musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSUS) in rheumatology in the United States has advanced through promotion of certification, standards of use, and core fellowship curriculum inclusion requiring exposure. In order to inform endeavors for curricular integration, the study objectives are to assess current program needs for curricular incorporation, and teaching methods being employed. METHODS: A needs assessment survey (S1) was sent to 113 rheumatology fellowship program directors...
August 4, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777456/development-of-the-learning-health-system-researcher-core-competencies
#19
Christopher B Forrest, Francis D Chesley, Michelle L Tregear, Kamila B Mistry
OBJECTIVE: To develop core competencies for learning health system (LHS) researchers to guide the development of training programs. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Data were obtained from literature review, expert interviews, a modified Delphi process, and consensus development meetings. STUDY DESIGN: The competencies were developed from August to December 2016 using qualitative methods. DATA COLLECTION/EXTRACTION METHODS: The literature review formed the basis for the initial draft of a competency domain framework...
August 4, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776963/structure_threader-an-improved-method-for-automation-parallelization-of-programs-structure-faststructure-and-maverick-on-multi-core-cpu-systems
#20
Francisco Pina-Martins, Diogo N Silva, Joana Fino, Octávio S Paulo
Structure_threader is a program to parallelize multiple runs of genetic clustering software that does not make use of multi-threading technology (structure, fastStructure and MavericK) on multi-core computers. Our approach was benchmarked across multiple systems and displayed great speed improvements relative to the single threaded implementation, scaling very close to linearly with the number of physical cores used. Structure_threader was compared to previous software written for the same task - ParallelStructure and StrAuto, and was proven to be the faster (up to 25% faster) wrapper under all tested scenarios...
August 4, 2017: Molecular Ecology Resources
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