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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651819/biochemical-predictors-of-early-onset-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-young-children-with-obesity
#1
Ju Young Kim, Jinmin Cho, Hye Ran Yang
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and their associated risk factors are not well-established in young children with obesity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of early onset NAFLD and identify its biochemical predictors in obese children aged less than 10 years. METHODS: Anthropometric measurements, blood pressure, laboratory tests, and abdominal ultrasonography (USG) were performed in all subjects...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650018/health-conditions-and-lifestyle-risk-factors-of-adults-living-in-puerto-rico-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Josiemer Mattei, Martha Tamez, Carlos F Ríos-Bedoya, Rui S Xiao, Katherine L Tucker, José F Rodríguez-Orengo
BACKGROUND: Puerto Rico is experiencing an economic and healthcare crisis, yet there are scarce recent and comprehensive reports on the population's health profile. We aimed to describe prevalent risk factors and health conditions of adults living in Puerto Rico and assess their interrelationship. METHODS: Participants (n = 380) aged 30-75y recruited from a 2015 convenience sample in primary care clinics in the San Juan, Puerto Rico metropolitan area answered cross-sectional interviewer-administered questionnaires on sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle behaviors, self-reported medically-diagnosed diseases, health services, and psychosocial factors...
April 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644889/comparing-exercise-responses-to-aerobic-plus-resistance-training-between-postmenopausal-breast-cancer-survivors-undergoing-aromatase-inhibitor-therapy-and-healthy-women
#3
Thais R S de Paulo, Kerri M Winters-Stone, Juliana Viezel, Fabricio E Rossi, Bruna L Aro, Ana Carolina A C Trindade, Jamile S Codogno, Ismael F Freitas Junior
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to explore whether postmenopausal breast cancer survivors undergoing aromatase inhibitor therapy differ from healthy postmenopausal women in their response to the same aerobic + resistance training. METHODS: The participants were separated into two groups: postmenopausal breast cancer survivors undergoing aromatase inhibitor therapy for an average of 20 months (18 women) and healthy postmenopausal women (24 women). We assessed aerobic capacity (predicted maximum oxygen uptake (VO2 max) and maximum running velocity test (Vmax)) through a walking test, upper and lower body muscle strength using an estimated one-repetition maximum test, and body composition by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry at baseline and at three, six, and nine months, respectively...
April 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614976/primary-results-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-screening-in-the-at-risk-residents-in-middle-china
#4
Kun Li, Kewei Zhang, Tianxiao Li, Shuiting Zhai
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of information on the epidemiological data and risk factors associated with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in Chinese population. We reported the primary results from screening five-community population in Middle China for AAA. METHODS: From March 2014 to October 2015, an AAA screening program was performed in three urban and two rural communities. These communities were randomly selected. All at-risk residents (a total of 6925) aged 40 years or older were invited to attend an ultrasound scan for AAA...
April 3, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609994/refinement-of-anatomic-indications-for-the-nellix-system-for-endovascular-aneurysm-sealing-based-on-2-year-outcomes-from-the-evas-forward-ide-trial
#5
Jeffrey P Carpenter, John S Lane, Jose Trani, Sajjad Hussain, Christopher Healey, Clifford J Buckley, Homayoun Hashemi, Robert Cuff
BACKGROUND: The Nellix System (Endologix, Inc, Irvine, Calif) for endovascular aneurysm sealing (EVAS) is a novel approach to abdominal aortic aneurysm treatment and conceptually different from endovascular aneurysm repair, whereby polymer is employed to fill and actively manage the abdominal aortic aneurysm sac. One-year safety and effectiveness results of the Nellix pivotal trial demonstrated encouraging outcomes with very low morbidity and mortality and high procedural and treatment success...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609555/long-term-effects-on-cardiovascular-risk-of-a-structured-multidisciplinary-lifestyle-program-in-clinical-practice
#6
Matthias Lidin, Mai-Lis Hellénius, Monica Rydell-Karlsson, Elin Ekblom-Bak
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is still the leading cause of premature death world-wide with factors like abdominal obesity, hypertension and dyslipidemia being central risk factors in the etiology. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects on cardiovascular risk factors and cardiovascular risk after 6 months and 1 year, in individuals with increased cardiovascular risk enrolled in a lifestyle multidisciplinary program in a clinical setting. METHOD: Individuals with increased cardiovascular risk were referred from primary health care and hospitals to a program at an outpatient clinic at a department of cardiology...
April 2, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607670/screening-programs-for-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms-luxury-or-necessity
#7
Kosmas I Paraskevas, Ranjeet Brar, Jason Constantinou, Janice Tsui, Daryll M Baker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606996/structural-changes-of-subcutaneous-tissue-valued-by-ultrasonography-in-patients-with-cellulitis-following-treatment-with-the-pnkcelulitis-%C3%A2-program
#8
Esther Roe, Esther Serra, German Guzman, Ignacio Sajoux
Background: Poor eating habits, a sedentary lifestyle, and limited physical activity are predisposing factors for the development of cellulite. The PnKCelulitis® Programme (Pronokal Group, Barcelona, Spain) is a new approach to the treatment of cellulite that combines dietary guidelines, physical exercise, and the application of an anti-cellulite cream. Objective: We sought to objectively and via cutaneous ultrasound assess the benefit of the new multidisciplinary anti-cellulite treatment program and to evaluate any visual changes in the appearance of the skin...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605022/posttransplant-complications-in-adult-recipients-of-intestine-grafts-without-bowel-decontamination
#9
Jared W Clouse, Chandrashekhar A Kubal, Jonathan A Fridell, Richard S Mangus
BACKGROUND: Selective digestive decontamination is commonly used to decrease lumenal bacterial flora. Preoperative bowel decontamination may be associated with a lower wound infection rate but has not been shown to decrease risk of intra-abdominal abscess or lower leak rate for enteric anastomoses. Alternatively, the decontamination disrupts the normal flora of the gastrointestinal tract and may affect normal physiology, including immunologic function. This study reports complication rates of an intestine transplant program that has never used bowel decontamination...
May 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601449/antifungal-treatment-and-outcome-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-a-population-based-observational-study-of-the-german-neonatal-network
#10
Ingmar Fortmann, Annika Hartz, Pia Paul, Ferdinand Pulzer, Andreas Müller, Ralf Böttger, Hans Proquitté, Kristin Dawczynski, Arne Simon, Jan Rupp, Egbert Herting, Wolfgang Göpel, Christoph Härtel
INTRODUCTION: The diagnostic proof of fungal infection in preterm infants is difficult. Antifungal treatment (AFT) is often initiated empirically when infants with suspected infection do not improve despite broad spectrum antibiotic therapy. It was the aim of our study to determine the rate of exposure to empirical AFT in a large cohort of very low birth weight infants (VLBWI) of the German Neonatal Network (GNN) and to address associated risks and outcomes. METHODS: The epidemiological database consisted of n= 13...
March 29, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596902/ceftolozane-tazobactam-dose-regimens-in-severely-morbidly-obese-patients-with-complicated-intra-abdominal-infection-or-complicated-urinary-tract-infection
#11
Alan J Xiao, Jennifer A Huntington, Jianmin Long, Luzelena Caro
INTRODUCTION: Ceftolozane/tazobactam is approved for the treatment of complicated intra-abdominal infection (cIAI) and complicated urinary tract infection (cUTI) with renal function-based dose adjustment. Given that creatinine clearance, body weight and gender are highly correlated in severely/morbidly obese patients, this study investigated whether the approved dosing regimens for ceftolozane/tazobactam are also appropriate in severely/morbidly obese patients based on simulated pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic target attainment, with confirmation from the observed clinical outcomes data from the phase 3 clinical development program...
March 26, 2018: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571610/remodeling-of-the-abdominal-epithelial-monolayer-during-the-larva-pupa-adult-transformation-of-manduca
#12
James B Nardi, Charles Mark Bee, Catherine Lee Wallace
During metamorphosis of insect epithelial monolayers, cells die, divide, and rearrange. In Drosophila undifferentiated diploid cells destined to form the adult cuticle of each abdominal segment segregate early in development from the surrounding polyploid larval epithelial cells of that segment as eight groups of diploid histoblast cells. The larval polyploid cells are programmed to die and be replaced by divisions and rearrangements of histoblast cells. By contrast, abdominal epithelial cells of Manduca larvae form a monolayer of cells representing different ploidy levels with no definitive segregation of diploid cells destined to form adult structures...
March 20, 2018: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569988/a-healthy-beverage-consumption-pattern-is-inversely-associated-with-the-risk-of-obesity-and-metabolic-abnormalities-in-korean-adults
#13
Kyung Won Lee, Dayeon Shin
As the use of beverages in diets is increasing, several studies have examined the effect of beverage consumption in human health. Thus, we aimed at identifying specific beverage patterns and determining their associations with obesity and metabolic syndrome (MetS) risk factors in Korean adults. Based on the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2008-2012 data, 19,800 Korean adults (≥20 years) with a single 24-h dietary recall and health examination data were investigated. All beverage items consumed by participants were categorized into 15 beverage groups based on the KNHANES coding system...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566463/supervised-physical-training-improves-weight-loss-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Lene Hymøller Mundbjerg, Charlotte Røn Stolberg, Stefano Cecere, Else-Marie Bladbjerg, Peter Funch-Jensen, Bibi Gram, Claus Bogh Juhl
OBJECTIVE: Bariatric surgery results in significant weight loss and reduces cardiovascular morbidity. However, a large variation in postsurgery weight loss is seen. Physical activity promotes weight loss in nonsurgically treated subjects with obesity. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of 6 months of supervised physical training following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB) on body weight and cardiovascular risk markers. METHODS: Sixty participants eligible for RYGB were included...
March 22, 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566051/trends-in-the-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-in-south-korea-findings-from-the-korean-national-health-insurance-service-database-2009-2013
#15
Seung Eun Lee, Kyungdo Han, Yu Mi Kang, Seon-Ok Kim, Yun Kyung Cho, Kyung Soo Ko, Joong-Yeol Park, Ki-Up Lee, Eun Hee Koh
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome has markedly increased worldwide. However, studies in the United States show that it has remained stable or slightly declined in recent years. Whether this applies to other countries is presently unclear. OBJECTIVES: We examined the trends in the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its components in Korea. METHODS: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its components was estimated in adults aged >30 years from the Korean National Health Insurance Service data from 2009 to 2013...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562381/when-perforation-is-not-the-culprit-case-report-and-systematic-review-of-mechanical-small-bowel-obstruction-complicating-colonoscopy
#16
V Papastergiou, N Mathou, K Manes, P Maniatis, K Paraskeva, A Evgenidi, A Giannakopoulos, J A Karagiannis
Colonoscopy is generally safe, although expansion of colorectal cancer prevention programs is likely to increase the number of post-colonoscopy complications. We report the case of a 42-year old woman with a prior history of 2 cesarean section deliveries who developed abdominal pain after an otherwise uneventful screening colonoscopy. Urgent exploration revealed closed-loop obstruction involving the terminal ileum, caused by an adhesive band close to the site of her previous Pfannenstiel incision. A systematic review of the literature revealed 11 reports (1985-2008) describing a total of 13 cases of mechanical small bowel obstruction (MSBO) after colonoscopy, 9 of which were confirmed by laparotomy...
January 2018: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560325/effects-of-lumbar-strengthening-exercise-in-lower-limb-amputees-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#17
Min Kyung Shin, Hee Seung Yang, Hea-Eun Yang, Dae Hyun Kim, Bo Ram Ahn, Hyup Kwon, Ju Hwan Lee, Suk Jung, Hyun Chul Choi, Sun Keaung Yun, Dong Young Ahn, Woo Sob Sim
Objective: To analyze the effect of lumbar strengthening exercise in lower-limb amputees with chronic low back pain. Methods: We included in this prospective study 19 lower-limb amputees who had experienced low back pain for longer than 6 months. Participants were treated with 30-minute lumbar strengthening exercises, twice weekly, for 8 weeks. We used the visual analog scale (VAS), and Oswestry low back pain disability questionnaire, and measured parameters such as iliopsoas length, abdominal muscle strength, back extensor strength, and back extensor endurance...
February 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559171/identifying-modifiable-and-non-modifiable-risk-factors-associated-with-prolonged-length-of-stay-after-hysterectomy-for-uterine-cancer
#18
Surbhi Agrawal, Ling Chen, Ana I Tergas, June Y Hou, Caryn M St Clair, Cande V Ananth, Dawn L Hershman, Jason D Wright
OBJECTIVE: We examined the influence of modifiable (intraoperative factors and complications) and non-modifiable (clinical and demographic characteristics) factors on length of stay (LOS) for women who underwent hysterectomy for uterine cancer. METHODS: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was used to identify women who underwent hysterectomy for uterine cancer from 2006 to 2015. The association between demographic, preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative factors and LOS was examined...
March 17, 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557880/association-between-hospital-participation-in-medicare-shared-savings-program-accountable-care-organizations-and-readmission-following-major-surgery
#19
Tudor Borza, Mary K Oerline, Ted A Skolarus, Edward C Norton, Justin B Dimick, Bruce L Jacobs, Lindsey A Herrel, Chad Ellimoottil, John M Hollingsworth, Andrew M Ryan, David C Miller, Vahakn B Shahinian, Brent K Hollenbeck
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of Medicare Shared Savings Program accountable care organizations (ACOs) on hospital readmission after common surgical procedures. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Hospital readmissions following surgery lead to worse patient outcomes and wasteful spending. ACOs, and their associated hospitals, have strong incentives to reduce readmissions from 2 distinct Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services policies. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study using a 20% national Medicare sample to identify beneficiaries undergoing 1 of 7 common surgical procedures-abdominal aortic aneurysm repair, colectomy, cystectomy, prostatectomy, lung resection, total knee arthroplasty, and total hip arthroplasty-between 2010 and 2014...
March 19, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549030/a-one-year-resistance-training-program-following-weight-loss-has-no-significant-impact-on-body-composition-and-energy-expenditure-in-postmenopausal-women-living-with-overweight-and-obesity
#20
Luzia Jaeger Hintze, Virginie Messier, Marie-Ève Lavoie, Martin Brochu, Jean-Marc Lavoie, Denis Prud'homme, Rémi Rabasa-Lhoret, Éric Doucet
Resistance training (RT) has been shown to decrease fat mass (FM), and increase fat-free mass (FFM), which can be a useful for weight loss maintenance. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of a 1-year RT intervention on weight loss maintenance following a 6-month dietary weight loss intervention. DESIGN: Following a 6-month dietary weight loss intervention (-6% ± 5.8; 5.05 kg ± 4.45), 70 postmenopausal women living with overweight or obesity were randomized to a control group (n = 34) or a RT group (n = 36) (3×/week first 6 months, 2×/week last 6 months, 70-80% of 1-repetition maximum)...
March 13, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
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