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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924631/effects-of-postweaning-calorie-restriction-on-accelerated-growth-and-adiponectin-in-nutritionally-programmed-microswine-offspring
#1
Elizabeth A DuPriest, Baoyu Lin, Philipp Kupfer, Kaiu Sekiguchi, Amruta Bhusari, Alexandra Quackenbush, Almir Celebic, Terry K Morgan, Jonathan Q Purnell, Susan Pound Bagby
Poor prenatal development followed by rapid childhood growth conveys greater cardiometabolic risk in later life. Microswine offspring exposed to perinatal maternal protein restriction (MPR; "low protein offspring", LPO) grow poorly in late-fetal/neonatal stages. After weaning to ad libitum (AL) diet, LPO-AL exhibit accelerated growth and fat deposition rates with low adiponectin mRNA despite low-normal body fat and small intra-abdominal adipocytes. We examined effects of caloric restriction (CR) on growth and metabolic status in LPO and normal protein offspring (NPO) randomized to AL or CR diets from weaning...
June 20, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914839/trends-of-30-day-mortality-and-morbidities-in-endovascular-repair-of-intact-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-during-the-last-decade
#2
Kanhua Yin, Satinderjit S Locham, Marc L Schermerhorn, Mahmoud B Malas
OBJECTIVE: Significant research efforts have been made to improve the safety and efficacy of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) in treating abdominal aortic aneurysm. This study aimed to examine the trends of perioperative outcomes of EVAR in the recent decade using a national validated database. METHODS: Patients who underwent EVAR for intact abdominal aortic aneurysm between 2006 and 2015 were identified from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program and divided into early (2006-2010) and late (2011-2015) periods...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910344/exertional-rhabdomyolysis-after-an-extreme-conditioning-competition-a-case-report
#3
Ramires Alsamir Tibana, Nuno Manuel Frade de Sousa, Gabriel Veloso Cunha, Jonato Prestes, James W Navalta, Fabricio Azevedo Voltarelli
This case report describes an instance of exercise-induced rhabdomyolysis caused by an extreme conditioning program (ECP) competition. A 35-year-old female presented with abdominal pain and soreness, which began one day after she completed two days of ECPcompetition composed of five workouts. Three days after competition, creatine kinase (CK) was 77,590 U/L accompanied by myalgia and abnormal liver function tests, while renal function was normal and this resulted in a diagnosis of rhabdomyolysis. A follow-up examination revealed that her serum level of CK was still elevated to 3034 U/L on day 10 and 1257 U/L on day 25 following the ECP competition...
April 26, 2018: Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898583/disability-after-major-abdominal-surgery-determinants-of-recovery-of-walking-ability-in-elderly-patients
#4
Lucia Petrucci, Serena Monteleone, Susanna Ricotti, Erica Giromini, Mariangela Gullace, Emilia Ambrosini, Giorgio Ferriero, Elena Dalla Toffola
BACKGROUND: Increased life expectancy and improved surgical techniques have led to a sharp rise in healthcare resource consumption by older patients. In these patients early recovery of walking ability after abdominal surgery may shorten length of hospital stay and reduce overall healthcare costs, but it is important to understand what factors determine this recovery. AIM: To assess preoperative and postoperative determinants of walking ability recovery after major abdominal surgery in older patients...
June 11, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896039/abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-evolving-controversies-and-uncertainties
#5
REVIEW
Davide Carino, Timur P Sarac, Bulat A Ziganshin, John A Elefteriades
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is defined as a permanent dilatation of the abdominal aorta that exceeds 3 cm. Most AAAs arise in the portion of abdominal aorta distal to the renal arteries and are defined as infrarenal. Most AAAs are totally asymptomatic until catastrophic rupture. The strongest predictor of AAA rupture is the diameter. Surgery is indicated to prevent rupture when the risk of rupture exceeds the risk of surgery. In this review, we aim to analyze this disease comprehensively, starting from an epidemiological perspective, exploring etiology and pathophysiology, and concluding with surgical controversies...
June 2018: International Journal of Angiology: Official Publication of the International College of Angiology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893802/efficacy-of-ceftazidime-avibactam-salvage-therapy-in-patients-with-infections-caused-by-kpc-producing-klebsiella-pneumoniae
#6
Mario Tumbarello, Enrico Maria Trecarichi, Alberto Corona, Francesco Giuseppe De Rosa, Matteo Bassetti, Cristina Mussini, Francesco Menichetti, Claudio Viscoli, Caterina Campoli, Mario Venditti, Andrea De Gasperi, Alessandra Mularoni, Carlo Tascini, Giustino Parruti, Carlo Pallotto, Simona Sica, Ercole Concia, Rosario Cultrera, Gennaro De Pascale, Alessandro Capone, Spinello Antinori, Silvia Corcione, Elda Righi, Angela Raffaella Losito, Margherita Digaetano, Francesco Amadori, Daniele Roberto Giacobbe, Giancarlo Ceccarelli, Ernestina Mazza, Francesca Raffaelli, Teresa Spanu, Roberto Cauda, Pierluigi Viale
Background: Ceftazidime-avibactam (CAZ-AVI) has been approved in Europe for the treatment of complicated intra-abdominal and urinary-tract infections, as well as hospital-acquired pneumonia, and for Gram-negative infections with limited treatment options. CAZ-AVI displays in vitro activity against KPC-enzyme producers, but clinical-trial data on its efficacy in this setting are lacking. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 138 cases of infections caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase-producing (KPC-Kp) in adults who received CAZ-AVI in compassionate-use programs in Italy...
June 9, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893604/treatment-success-of-hip-and-core-or-knee-strengthening-for-patellofemoral-pain-development-of-clinical-prediction-rules
#7
Jennifer E Earl-Boehm, Lori A Bolgla, Carolyn Emory, Karrie L Hamstra-Wright, Sergey Tarima, Reed Ferber
CONTEXT:   Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is a common injury that interferes with quality of life and physical activity. Clinical subgroups of patients may exist, one of which is proximal muscle dysfunction. OBJECTIVES:   To develop clinical prediction rules that predict a positive outcome after either a hip and core- or knee-focused strengthening program for individuals with PFP. DESIGN:   Secondary analysis of data from a randomized control trial...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891093/image-quality-assessment-with-dose-reduction-using-high-kvp-and-additional-filtration-for-abdominal-digital-radiography
#8
Ji Sung Jang, Hyung Jin Yang, Hyun Jung Koo, Sung Ho Kim, Chan Rok Park, Suk Hwan Yoon, So Youn Shin, Kyung-Hyun Do
PURPOSE: Dose reduction using additional filters with high kilovoltage peak (kVp) for abdominal digital radiography has received much attention recently. We evaluated image quality with dose reduction in abdominal digital radiography by using high kVp and additional copper filters at a tertiary hospital. METHODS: Between June 2016 and July 2016, 82 patients underwent abdominal digital radiography using 80 kVp in X-ray room 1 and 82 were imaged using 92 kVp with 0...
June 2018: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889777/laboratory-based-physical-and-physiological-test-results-that-serve-as-predictors-of-male-amateur-road-cyclists-performance-levels
#9
Ben Coetzee, Dawie Malan
Coetzee, B, and Malan, D. Laboratory-based physical and physiological test results that serve as predictors of male, amateur road cyclists' performance levels. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-The purposes of this study were first, to determine the practical significant differences of laboratory-based physical and physiological test results between a selected group of successful and less successful amateur, male road cyclists from Africa; and second, to determine the significance, adequacy, accurateness, and usefulness of laboratory-based physical and physiological test results to serve as predictors of these amateur, male road cyclists' performance levels...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889057/effects-of-assisted-sit-up-exercise-compared-to-core-stabilization-exercise-on-patients-with-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Cho-Rong Bae, Yan Jin, Bum-Chul Yoon, Nack-Hwan Kim, Kun-Woo Park, Sang-Heon Lee
BACKGROUND: Traditional sit-up exercise is a simple method to strengthen core muscles. However, it can increase the potential of lumbar spine injury during the bending process. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of assisted sit-up exercise (SUE) using a new training device, HubEX-LEX, on strengthening core muscles and improving non-specific low back pain (NSLBP) compared to conventional core stabilization exercise (CSE). METHODS: Subjects with chronic NSLBP were randomly divided into two groups: SUE (n= 18) or CSE (n= 18)...
May 26, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879777/the-role-of-a-multi-step-core-stability-exercise-program-in-the-treatment-of-nurses-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-single-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Pardis Noormohammadpour, Mahla Kordi, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Maryam Akbari-Fakhrabadi, Ramin Kordi
STUDY DESIGN: Single-blinded randomized controlled trial. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of a multi-step core stability exercise program in nurses with chronic low back pain (CLBP). OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: CLBP is a common disorder among nurses. Considering that patient-handling activities predispose nurses to CLBP, core stability exercises suggested for managing CLBP in the general population may also be helpful in nurses. However, sufficient evidence is not available on whether a multi-step core stability exercise program affects pain, disability, quality of life, and the diameter of lateral abdominal muscles in nurses with CLBP...
June 2018: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876155/integrating-telehealth-emergency-department-follow-up-visits-into-residency-training
#12
Dimitrios Papanagnou, Danica Stone, Shruti Chandra, Phillip Watts, Anna Marie Chang, Judd E Hollander
Introduction Given the rapid expansion of telehealth (TH), there is an emerging need for trained professionals who can effectively deliver TH services. As there is no formal TH training program for residents, the Department of Emergency Medicine (DEM) at Thomas Jefferson University (TJU) developed a pilot training program for senior post-graduate-year three (PGY-3) residents that exposed them to TH practices. The objective of the study was to determine the feasibility of developing a resident-led, post-Emergency-Department (ED) visit TH follow-up program as an educational opportunity to 1) address patient satisfaction; and 2) expose senior residents to TH delivery...
April 5, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871795/appraisal-of-clinical-complications-after-23-827-oocyte-retrievals-in-a-large-assisted-reproductive-technology-program
#13
Paolo Emanuele Levi-Setti, Federico Cirillo, Valeria Scolaro, Emanuela Morenghi, Francesca Heilbron, Donatella Girardello, Elena Zannoni, Pasquale Patrizio
OBJECTIVE: To assess complications encountered after transvaginal oocyte retrieval procedures. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: University hospital, fertility center. PATIENT(S): A total of 23,827 consecutive transvaginal oocyte retrieval procedures in 12,615 patients. INTERVENTION(S): Oocyte retrieval procedures performed between June 1996 and October 2016. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): All oocyte retrieval complications...
June 2, 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870675/impact-of-a-1-year-lifestyle-modification-program-on-cholesterol-efflux-capacities-in-men-with-abdominal-obesity-and-dyslipidemia
#14
Marjorie Boyer, Patricia L Mitchell, Dr Paul Poirier, Natalie Alméras, Angelo Tremblay, Jean Bergeron, Jean-Pierre Despres, Benoit J Arsenault
BACKGROUND: Cholesterol efflux capacities (CECs) are negatively associated with cardiovascular disease risk, irrespective of plasma high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels. Whether interventions targeting lifestyle improve HDL-CECs is unknown. Our objective was to determine whether improving dietary quality and increasing physical activity levels improves HDL-CECs in abdominally obese men with dyslipidemia. METHODS: Our study sample included men (488.5 years) with an elevated waist circumference ({greater than or equal to}90 cm) associated with dyslipidemia (triglycerides {greater than or equal to}1...
June 5, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870650/effect-of-maternal-migraine-on-children-s-quality-of-sleep
#15
Belma Güngen, Ahmet Yildirim, Yeşim Guzey Aras, Bilgehan Atılgan Acar, Aysel Tekeşin, Ayse Burcu Ayaz
Background and purpose: Sleep disorders are common problems associated with migraine. These sleep disorders are known to have a debilitating impact on daily lives of migraine patients. The purpose of this study is to assess the effects of sleep disorders experienced by individuals suffering from migraine on their children as well as the presence of sleep disorders in their children. Methods: This study included 96 mothers diagnosed with migraine and their 96 healthy children, and a control group formed of 74 healthy mothers and their children...
November 30, 2017: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866293/characteristics-of-high-performing-radiologists-within-medicare-quality-programs
#16
Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Gregory N Nicola, Richard Duszak
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess radiologists' performance on Medicare quality measures and identify physician characteristics potentially influencing such scores. METHODS: Medicare quality scores reported by US radiologists in 2015 were obtained from CMS. Associations were explored with publicly available physician characteristic data. RESULTS: Overall, 15,045 radiologists reported 40,427 Medicare quality scores encompassing 25 claims measures, 18 registry measures, and 2 qualified clinical data registry (QCDR) measures...
June 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29843793/triglyceride-to-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-hdl-c-ratio-and-arterial-stiffness-in-japanese-population-a-secondary-analysis-based-on-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Chi Chen, Jia-Lin Dai
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have revealed that triglyceride to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) ratio (henceforth TG/HDL-C) is one of major risk factors of cardiovascular diseases, insulin resistance and metabolism syndrome. However, there are fewer scientific dissertations about the correlation between TG/HDL-C and bapWV. This study was undertaken to investigate the relationship between Triglyceride (TG) to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) ratio and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) in Japanese...
May 29, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29807172/trauma-laparoscopy-a-prospect-of-skills-training-cohort-study
#18
O Y Matsevych, M Z Koto, C Aldous
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic laparoscopy is well-accepted in management of penetrating abdominal trauma (PAT) with the rate of missed injuries below 1%. However, there is a reluctance to accept therapeutic laparoscopy in trauma society. The possible reason is a lack of laparoscopic skills by trauma surgeons. Moreover, no formal laparoscopy training program for trauma exists. The aim of this study was to interrogated our laparoscopy training particularly in trauma setting, and to investigate a possible relation between the seniority of surgeons performing the procedures and the complication rates...
May 26, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29805657/clinicopathological-analysis-of-epithelioid-inflammatory-myofibroblastic-sarcoma
#19
Xuemei Du, Ying Gao, Hongyu Zhao, Bin Li, Weimin Xue, Daye Wang
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) is a distinctive neoplasm composed of myofibroblastic and fibroblastic spindle cells, accompanied by the inflammatory infiltration of plasma cells, lymphocytes and/or eosinophils. Epithelioid inflammatory myofibroblastic sarcoma (EIMS), which primarily consists of cells with a round or epithelioid morphology, is associated with a poor prognosis and rapid development of local recurrence, and has been recognized to be a variant of IMT. Diagnosis of EIMS is difficult owing to its close resemblance to malignant mesothelioma, anaplastic large cell lymphoma, gastrointestinal stromal tumor and other malignant diseases...
June 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789189/antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-enterobacteriaceae-and-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-isolates-from-united-states-medical-centers-stratified-by-infection-type-results-from-the-international-network-for-optimal-resistance-monitoring-inform-surveillance-program-2015
#20
Helio S Sader, Mariana Castanheira, Leonard R Duncan, Robert K Flamm
A total of 18,656 Enterobacteriaceae and 4,175 Pseudomonas aeruginosa were consecutively collected from 85 US hospitals and tested for susceptibility by broth microdilution methods in a central monitoring laboratory (JMI Laboratories). The antimicrobial susceptibility and frequency of key resistance phenotypes were assessed and stratified by infection type as follows: bloodstream (BSI; 3,434 isolates; 15.0%), pneumonia (6,439; 28.2%), skin and skin structure (SSSI; 4,134; 18.1%), intra-abdominal (IAI; 951; 4...
April 26, 2018: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
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