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Foam foamed emergency medicine

Jian Fang, Yongjun Zhang
Icariin is a major bioactive pharmaceutical constituent isolated from Chinese medicine Horny Goat Weed (Ying Yang Huo) with potent cardiovascular protective functions. Emerging evidence in the past decade has shown that Icariin possesses multiple atheroprotective functions, through multiple mechanisms, including attenuating DNA damage, correcting endothelial dysfunction, inhibiting the proliferation and migration of smooth muscle cells, repressing macrophage-derived foam cell formation and inflammatory responses, as well as preventing platelet activation...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Andrea Lo, Eric Shappell, Hans Rosenberg, Brent Thoma, James Ahn, N Seth Trueger, Teresa M Chan
Despite the rapid expansion of online educational resources for emergency medicine, barriers remain to their effective use by emergency physicians and trainees. This article expands on previous descriptions of techniques to aggregate online educational resources, outlining four strategies to help learners navigate, evaluate, and contribute online. These strategies include 1) cultivating digital mentors, 2) browsing the most popular free open access medical education (FOAM) websites, 3) using critical appraisal tools developed for FOAM, and 4) contributing new online content...
September 12, 2017: CJEM
Damian Roland, Jesse Spurr, Daniel Cabrera
BACKGROUND: Online communities of practice (oCoPs) may emerge from interactions on social media. These communities offer an open digital space and flat role hierarchy for information sharing and provide a strong group identity, rapid flow of information, content curation, and knowledge translation. To date, there is only a small body of evidence in medicine or health care to verify the existence of an oCoP. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the emergence of an oCoP through the study of social media interactions of the free open access medical education (FOAM) movement...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Ching Yuan, Chung-Hsuang Hung, Tzu-Yuan Huang
Pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) are an extraordinary and diverse group of chemicals used in veterinary medicine, agriculture, and for human health and cosmetics care. They are considered emerging contaminants and have raised great concern in recent years. Among the PPCPs, ibuprofen (IBP) is one of the most known non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, which has been found at a high concentration in irrigation water in the USA and showed harmful effect for organisms. This study examined IBP degradation performance by an electrokinetic process coupled with 24-96 cm(2) of RuO2/Ni foam (RN) electrodes applied 1-3 V cm(-1) potential gradient for 5-9 days...
May 24, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Teresa Chan, N Seth Trueger, Damian Roland, Brent Thoma
The integration of new knowledge into clinical practice continues to lag behind discovery. The use of Free Open Access Medical education (FOAM) has disrupted communication between emergency physicians, making it easy for practicing clinicians to interact with colleagues from around the world to discuss the latest and highest impact research. FOAM has the potential to decrease the knowledge translation gap, but the concerns raised about its growing influence are 1) research that is translated too quickly may cause harm if its findings are incorrect; 2) there is little editorial oversight of online material; and 3) eminent online individuals may develop an outsized influence on clinical practice...
January 12, 2017: CJEM
Fang Chen, Ming Ma, Junxin Wang, Fang Wang, Shi-Xiong Chern, Eric Ruike Zhao, Anamik Jhunjhunwala, Sean Darmadi, Hangrong Chen, Jesse V Jokerst
Ultrasound is critical in many areas of medicine including obstetrics, oncology, and cardiology with emerging applications in regenerative medicine. However, one critical limitation of ultrasound is the low contrast of target tissue over background. Here, we describe a novel cup-shaped silica nanoparticle that is reminiscent of exosomes and that has significant ultrasound impedance mismatch for labelling stem cells for regenerative medicine imaging. These exosome-like silica nanoparticles (ELS) were created through emulsion templating and the silica precursors bis(triethoxysilyl)ethane (BTSE) and bis(3-trimethoxysilyl-propyl)amine (TSPA)...
January 7, 2017: Nanoscale
Alex Folkl, Teresa Chan, Elaine Blau
Free, open access medical education (FOAM) has the potential to revolutionize continuing medical education, particularly for rural physicians who practice emergency medicine (EM) as part of a generalist practice. However, there has been little study of rural physicians' educational needs since the advent of FOAM. We asked how rural physicians in Southwestern Ontario obtained their continuing EM education. We asked them to assess their perceived level of comfort in different areas of EM. To understand how FOAM resources might serve the rural EM community, we compared their responses with urban emergency physicians...
September 21, 2016: Curēus
Robert Stuntz, Robert Clontz
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Emergency physicians are using free open access medical education (FOAM) resources at an increasing rate. The extent to which FOAM resources cover the breadth of emergency medicine core content is unknown. We hypothesize that the content of FOAM resources does not provide comprehensive or balanced coverage of the scope of knowledge necessary for emergency medicine providers. Our objective is to quantify emergency medicine core content covered by FOAM resources and identify the predominant FOAM topics...
May 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Brent Thoma, Teresa Chan, Natalie Desouza, Michelle Lin
Emergency physicians are leaders in the ''free open-access meducation'' (FOAM) movement. The mandate of FOAM is to create open-access education and knowledge translation resources for trainees and practicing physicians (e.g., blogs, podcasts, and vodcasts). Critics of FOAM have suggested that because such resources can be easily published online without quality control mechanisms, unreviewed FOAM resources may be erroneous or biased. We present a new initiative to incorporate open, expert, peer review into an established academic medical blog...
March 2015: CJEM
Adam P Rago, Andreas Larentzakis, John Marini, Abby Picard, Michael J Duggan, Rany Busold, Marc Helmick, Greg Zugates, John Beagle, Upma Sharma, David R King
BACKGROUND: Noncompressible abdominal hemorrhage is a significant cause of battlefield and civilian mortality. We developed a self-expanding polyurethane foam intended to provide temporary hemorrhage control and enable evacuation to a definitive surgical capability, for casualties who would otherwise die. We hypothesized that foam treatment would be efficacious over a wide range of out-of-hospital operational conditions. METHODS: The foam was tested in an established lethal, closed-cavity hepatoportal injury model in four groups as follows...
February 2015: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2014: International Wound Journal
Mike Cadogan, Brent Thoma, Teresa M Chan, Michelle Lin
Disruptive technologies are revolutionising continuing professional development in emergency medicine and critical care (EMCC). Data on EMCC blogs and podcasts were gathered prospectively from 2002 through November 2013. During this time there was a rapid expansion of EMCC websites, from two blogs and one podcast in 2002 to 141 blogs and 42 podcasts in 2013. This paper illustrates the explosive growth of EMCC websites and provides a foundation that will anchor future research in this burgeoning field.
October 2014: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Christopher P Nickson, Michael D Cadogan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2014: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
E R Benson, R L Alphin, M K Rankin, M P Caputo, D P Hougentogler, A L Johnson
When an avian influenza or virulent Newcastle disease outbreak occurs within commercial poultry, a large number of birds that are infected or suspected of infection must be destroyed on site to prevent the rapid spread of disease. The choice of mass emergency depopulation procedures is limited, and all options have limitations. Water-based foam mass emergency depopulation of poultry was developed in 2006 and conditionally approved by the U.S. Department of Agriculture and American Veterinary Medical Association...
December 2012: Avian Diseases
Tim Pohlemann, Ulf Culemann, Joerg H Holstein
BACKGROUND: Because the average exposure of surgeons to pelvic injuries with life-threatening hemorrhage is decreasing, training opportunities are necessary to prepare surgeons for the rare but highly demanding emergency situations. We have developed a novel pelvic emergency simulator to train surgeons in controlling blood loss. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We (1) described the design and use of the simulator; and (2) determined whether the simulator correctly identified proper and improper mechanical stabilization and bleeding control...
August 2012: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Marshall A Corson
Despite a reduction in cardiovascular risk conferred by therapies that modify circulating lipids, a need remains for novel treatments to further decrease the occurrence of complications of atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases. Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase-A(2) is an important regulator of lipid metabolism and inflammation that circulates with lipoprotein particles and is carried into the arterial wall with low-density lipoprotein particles during the progression of atherosclerosis. Within the vessel wall, lipoprotein-associated phospholipase-A(2) releases small molecules that stimulate macrophage recruitment and evolution to foam cells, leading to plaque vulnerability...
August 2010: Therapeutic Advances in Cardiovascular Disease
Christopher M Pettineo, John A Vozenilek, Ernest Wang, John Flaherty, Morris Kharasch, Pam Aitchison
INTRODUCTION: Existing patient simulators require the imagination, suspension of disbelief, and often verbal cuing to mitigate their lack of fidelity for some procedures. This limitation can reduce their utility as a mode for evaluation of students' procedural skill and procedural competence. This article outlines the materials and methods for making a simulated sheep trachea holder, which enhances existing simulation modalities and augments the interface between device and learner. This simple addition increases the fidelity of low fidelity procedural trainers...
2009: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
V D Iablochkin
A direct gas chromatography method was designed for the quantitative determination of cyanides (prussic acid) in cadaveric blood. Its sensitivity is 0.05 mg/ml. The routine volatile products, including substances, which emerge due to putrefaction of organic matters, do not affect the accuracy and reproducibility of the method; the exception is H-propanol that was used as the internal standard. The method was used in legal chemical expertise related with acute cyanide poisoning (suicide) as well as with poisoning of products of combustion of nonmetals (foam-rubber)...
November 2003: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
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