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Next gen sequencing data analysis

Gota Kawai, Yuri Aoki, Maina Otsu, Naomi Koike, Gen-Ichi Sampei
By using the data obtained by the DNA microarray analysis for the intergenic regions applied to RNA samples extracted from Thermus thermophilus HB8, seven small non-coding RNAs, TtR-1 to TtR-7, were found to be expressed in the cells growing in rich and/or minimal media. By analysing the time course of the expression for the cell growth in combination with the sequence comparison to the known RNAs, two RNAs, TtR-1 and TtR-2, are suggested to be riboswitches. The existence of the seven RNAs and the exact sequence and length, ranging 77-284 nt, were confirmed by the next-generation sequencing...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Biochemistry
Garima Khandelwal, María Romina Girotti, Christopher Smowton, Sam Taylor, Christopher Wirth, Marek Dynowski, Kristopher K Frese, Ged Brady, Caroline Dive, Richard Marais, Crispin Miller
Patient-derived xenograft (PDX) and circulating tumor cell-derived explant (CDX) models are powerful methods for the study of human disease. In cancer research, these methods have been applied to multiple questions, including the study of metastatic progression, genetic evolution, and therapeutic drug responses. As PDX and CDX models can recapitulate the highly heterogeneous characteristics of a patient tumor, as well as their response to chemotherapy, there is considerable interest in combining them with next-generation sequencing to monitor the genomic, transcriptional, and epigenetic changes that accompany oncogenesis...
April 25, 2017: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
Peter Kämpfer, Stefanie P Glaeser, Osvaldo Marinotti, Lionel Guy, Sebastian Håkansson, Wanderli P Tadei, Hans-Jürgen Busse, Olle Terenius
A Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped strain, Braz8T, isolated from larvae of Anopheles darlingi was investigated using a polyphasic approach. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain Braz8T was related most closely to species of the genus Thorsellia, with 95.6, 96.5 and 96.6 % similarity to the type strains of Thorsellia anophelis, Thorsellia kandunguensis and Thorsellia kenyensis, respectively, and formed a separate branch in the phylogenetic tree next to the monophyletic cluster of the genus Thorsellia...
December 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Rebecca E Colman, Julia Anderson, Darrin Lemmer, Erik Lehmkuhl, Sophia B Georghiou, Hannah Heaton, Kristin Wiggins, John D Gillece, James M Schupp, Donald G Catanzaro, Valeriu Crudu, Ted Cohen, Timothy C Rodwell, David M Engelthaler
Increasingly complex drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) is a major global health concern and one of the primary reasons why TB is now the leading infectious cause of death worldwide. Rapid characterization of a DR-TB patient's complete drug resistance profile would facilitate individualized treatment in place of empirical treatment, improve treatment outcomes, prevent amplification of resistance, and reduce the transmission of DR-TB. The use of targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) to obtain drug resistance profiles directly from patient sputum samples has the potential to enable comprehensive evidence-based treatment plans to be implemented quickly, rather than in weeks to months, which is currently needed for phenotypic drug susceptibility testing (DST) results...
August 2016: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Shin Watanabe, Karolina Fučíková, Louise A Lewis, Paul O Lewis
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Discovery and morphological characterization of a novel epiphytic aquatic green alga increases our understanding of Chaetopeltidales, a poorly known order in Chlorophyceae. Chloroplast genomic data from this taxon reveals an unusual architecture previously unknown in green algae. METHODS: Using light and electron microscopy, we characterized the morphology and ultrastructure of a novel taxon of green algae. Bayesian phylogenetic analyses of nuclear and plastid genes were used to test the hypothesized membership of this taxon in order Chaetopeltidales...
May 2016: American Journal of Botany
Jeannette P Staheli, Michael R Dyen, Gail H Deutsch, Ryan S Basom, Matthew P Fitzgibbon, Patrick Lewis, Serge Barcy
UNLABELLED: Human herpesvirus 6A (HHV-6A), HHV-6B, and HHV-7 are classified as roseoloviruses and are highly prevalent in the human population. Roseolovirus reactivation in an immunocompromised host can cause severe pathologies. While the pathogenic potential of HHV-7 is unclear, it can reactivate HHV-6 from latency and thus contributes to severe pathological conditions associated with HHV-6. Because of the ubiquitous nature of roseoloviruses, their roles in such interactions and the resulting pathological consequences have been difficult to study...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Virology
Peng Liu, Le Wang, Jimmy Kwang, Gen Hua Yue, Sek-Man Wong
Asian seabass is an important food fish in Southeast Asia. Viral nervous necrosis (VNN) disease, triggered by nervous necrosis virus (NNV) infection, has caused mass mortality of Asian seabass larvae, resulting in enormous economic losses in the Asian seabass industry. In order to better understand the complex molecular interaction between Asian seabass and NNV, we investigated the transcriptome profiles of Asian seabass epithelial cells, which play an essential role in immune regulation, after NNV infection...
July 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Jiwei Zhu, Sayed M Khalil, Robert D Mitchell, Brooke W Bissinger, Noble Egekwu, Daniel E Sonenshine, R Michael Roe
Juvenile hormone (JH) controls the growth, development, metamorphosis, and reproduction of insects. For many years, the general assumption has been that JH regulates tick and other acarine development and reproduction the same as in insects. Although researchers have not been able to find the common insect JHs in hard and soft tick species and JH applications appear to have no effect on tick development, it is difficult to prove the negative or to determine whether precursors to JH are made in ticks. The tick synganglion contains regions which are homologous to the corpora allata, the biosynthetic source for JH in insects...
2016: PloS One
Andrey Ptitsyn, Ramzi Temanni, Christelle Bouchard, Peter A V Anderson
Transcriptomes are one of the first sources of high-throughput genomic data that have benefitted from the introduction of Next-Gen Sequencing. As sequencing technology becomes more accessible, transcriptome sequencing is applicable to multiple organisms for which genome sequences are unavailable. Currently all methods for de novo assembly are based on the concept of matching the nucleotide context overlapping between short fragments-reads. However, even short reads may still contain biologically relevant information which can be used as hints in guiding the assembly process...
2015: PloS One
Dana C Price, Andrea Egizi, Dina M Fonseca
BACKGROUND: The doublesex gene controls somatic sexual differentiation of many metazoan species, including the malaria mosquito Anopheles gambiae and the dengue and yellow fever vector Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae). As in other studied dipteran dsx homologs, the gene maintains functionality via evolutionarily conserved protein domains and sex-specific alternative splicing. The upstream factors that regulate splicing of dsx and the manner in which they do so however remain variable even among closely related organisms...
2015: BMC Evolutionary Biology
Sara Goodwin, Alexandra M Gade, Michelle Byrom, Baine Herrera, Camille Spears, Eric V Anslyn, Andrew D Ellington
Differential sensing (DS) methods traditionally use spatially arrayed receptors and optical signals to create score plots from multivariate data which classify individual analytes or complex mixtures. Herein, a new approach is described, in which nucleic acid sequences and sequence counts are used as the multivariate data without the necessity of a spatial array. To demonstrate this approach to DS, previously selected aptamers, identified from the literature, were used as semi-specific receptors, Next-Gen DNA sequencing was used to generate data, and cell line differentiation was the test-bed application...
May 18, 2015: Angewandte Chemie
Mark Reuter, Duncan J H Gaskin, Aline Metris
Genes required for an organism's growth and survival are termed essential and represent potential intervention targets. Following in the footsteps of the genomics era, the "next-gen" genomic era provides vast amounts of genetic information. Sequencing of a representative bacterial pathogen genome has been superseded by sequencing of whole strain collections, whether from environmental or clinical sources (Harris et al., Science 327:469-474, 2010; Lewis et al., J Hosp Infect 75:37-41, 2010; Beres et al., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:4371-4376, 2010; Qi et al...
2015: Methods in Molecular Biology
A Gregory Bruce, Margaret E Thouless, Anthony S Haines, Mark J Pallen, Adam Grundhoff, Timothy M Rose
UNLABELLED: Two rhadinovirus lineages have been identified in Old World primates. The rhadinovirus 1 (RV1) lineage consists of human herpesvirus 8, Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV), and closely related rhadinoviruses of chimpanzees, gorillas, macaques and other Old World primates. The RV2 rhadinovirus lineage is distinct and consists of closely related viruses from the same Old World primate species. Rhesus macaque rhadinovirus (RRV) is the RV2 prototype, and two RRV isolates, 26-95 and 17577, were sequenced...
April 2015: Journal of Virology
Hajime Ohyanagi, Tomoyuki Takano, Shin Terashima, Masaaki Kobayashi, Maasa Kanno, Kyoko Morimoto, Hiromi Kanegae, Yohei Sasaki, Misa Saito, Satomi Asano, Soichi Ozaki, Toru Kudo, Koji Yokoyama, Koichiro Aya, Keita Suwabe, Go Suzuki, Koh Aoki, Yasutaka Kubo, Masao Watanabe, Makoto Matsuoka, Kentaro Yano
Comprehensive integration of large-scale omics resources such as genomes, transcriptomes and metabolomes will provide deeper insights into broader aspects of molecular biology. For better understanding of plant biology, we aim to construct a next-generation sequencing (NGS)-derived gene expression network (GEN) repository for a broad range of plant species. So far we have incorporated information about 745 high-quality mRNA sequencing (mRNA-Seq) samples from eight plant species (Arabidopsis thaliana, Oryza sativa, Solanum lycopersicum, Sorghum bicolor, Vitis vinifera, Solanum tuberosum, Medicago truncatula and Glycine max) from the public short read archive, digitally profiled the entire set of gene expression profiles, and drawn GENs by using correspondence analysis (CA) to take advantage of gene expression similarities...
January 2015: Plant & Cell Physiology
Zalman Vaksman, Natalie C Fonville, Hongseok Tae, Harold R Garner
Microsatellites (MST), tandem repeats of 1-6 nucleotide motifs, are mutational hot-spots with a bias for insertions and deletions (INDELs) rather than single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). The majority of MST instability studies are limited to a small number of loci, the Bethesda markers, which are only informative for a subset of colorectal cancers. In this paper we evaluate non-haplotype alleles present within next-gen sequencing data to evaluate somatic MST variation (SMV) within DNA repair proficient and DNA repair defective cell lines...
2014: PloS One
Xue-Cheng Zhang, Yves Millet, Frederick M Ausubel, Mark Borowsky
Forward genetic analysis using ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS) mutagenesis has proven to be a powerful tool in biological research, but identification and cloning of causal mutations by conventional genetic mapping approaches is a painstaking process. Recent advances in next-gen sequencing have greatly invigorated the process of identifying EMS-induced mutations corresponding to a specific phenotype in model genetic hosts, including the plant Arabidopsis thaliana and the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Next-gen sequencing of bulked F2 mutant recombinants produces a wealth of high-resolution genetic data, provides enhanced delimitation of the genomic location of mutations, and greatly reduces hands-on time while maintaining high accuracy and reproducibility...
2014: Current Protocols in Molecular Biology
Samridhi C Goswami, Danielle Thierry-Mieg, Jean Thierry-Mieg, Santosh Mishra, Mark A Hoon, Andrew J Mannes, Michael J Iadarola
BACKGROUND: Three neuropeptides, gastrin releasing peptide (GRP), natriuritic precursor peptide B (NPPB), and neuromedin B (NMB) have been proposed to play roles in itch sensation. However, the tissues in which these peptides are expressed and their positions in the itch circuit has recently become the subject of debate. Here we used next-gen RNA-Seq to examine the expression of transcripts coding for GRP, NPPB, NMB, and other peptides in DRG, trigeminal ganglion, and the spinal cord as well as expression levels for their cognate receptors in these tissues...
2014: Molecular Pain
Zehra Ordulu, Kristen E Wong, Benjamin B Currall, Andrew R Ivanov, Shahrin Pereira, Sara Althari, James F Gusella, Michael E Talkowski, Cynthia C Morton
With recent rapid advances in genomic technologies, precise delineation of structural chromosome rearrangements at the nucleotide level is becoming increasingly feasible. In this era of "next-generation cytogenetics" (i.e., an integration of traditional cytogenetic techniques and next-generation sequencing), a consensus nomenclature is essential for accurate communication and data sharing. Currently, nomenclature for describing the sequencing data of these aberrations is lacking. Herein, we present a system called Next-Gen Cytogenetic Nomenclature, which is concordant with the International System for Human Cytogenetic Nomenclature (2013)...
May 1, 2014: American Journal of Human Genetics
Jun Hong Xia, Grace Lin, Gui Hong Fu, Zi Yi Wan, May Lee, Le Wang, Xiao Jun Liu, Gen Hua Yue
BACKGROUND: Starvation not only affects the nutritional and health status of the animals, but also the microbial composition in the host's intestine. Next-generation sequencing provides a unique opportunity to explore gut microbial communities and their interactions with hosts. However, studies on gut microbiomes have been conducted predominantly in humans and land animals. Not much is known on gut microbiomes of aquatic animals and their changes under changing environmental conditions...
2014: BMC Genomics
Jesse W Breinholt, Akito Y Kawahara
Recent advancements in molecular sequencing techniques have led to a surge in the number of phylogenetic studies that incorporate large amounts of genetic data. We test the assumption that analyzing large number of genes will lead to improvements in tree resolution and branch support using moths in the superfamily Bombycoidea, a group with some interfamilial relationships that have been difficult to resolve. Specifically, we use a next-gen data set that included 19 taxa and 938 genes (∼1.2M bp) to examine how codon position and saturation might influence resolution and node support among three key families...
2013: Genome Biology and Evolution
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