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Pelvic organ prolapse

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902825/association-between-the-amount-of-vaginal-mesh-used-with-mesh-erosions-and-repeated-surgery-after-repairing-pelvic-organ-prolapse-and-stress-urinary-incontinence
#1
Bilal Chughtai, Matthew D Barber, Jialin Mao, James C Forde, Sharon-Lise T Normand, Art Sedrakyan
Importance: Mesh, a synthetic graft, has been used in pelvic organ prolapse (POP) repair and stress urinary incontinence (SUI) to augment and strengthen weakened tissue. Polypropylene mesh has come under scrutiny by the US Food and Drug Administration. Objective: To examine the rates of mesh complications and invasive reintervention after the placement of vaginal mesh for POP repair or SUI surgery. Design, Setting, and Participants: This investigation was an observational cohort study at inpatient and ambulatory surgery settings in New York State...
November 30, 2016: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900993/corrigendum-porcine-small-intestinal-submucosa-mesh-for-treatment-of-pelvic-organ-prolapsed
#2
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.4103/0366-6999.192784.].
2016: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900401/vaginal-wall-weakness-in-parous-ewes-a-potential-preclinical-model-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#3
Natharnia Young, Anna Rosamilia, John Arkwright, Joseph Lee, Miranda Davies-Tuck, Joan Melendez, Jerome Werkmeister, Caroline E Gargett
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Ewes develop pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and may be a suitable model for preclinical studies evaluating cell-based therapies for POP. The aim of this study was to establish a clinical score of vaginal weakness and to compare POP Quantification System (POP-Q) values in conscious nulliparous and parous ewes and determine whether ewes are a suitable POP model. METHODS: Ewes (n = 114) were examined while conscious, without sedation, and standing in a V conveyer by adapting the human POP-Q measurement...
November 29, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896472/safety-and-perioperative-morbidity-of-laparoscopic-sacropexy-a-systematic-analysis-and-a-comparison-with-laparoscopic-hysterectomy
#4
R Joukhadar, S Baum, J Radosa, C Gerlinger, A Hamza, I Juhasz-Böss, E-F Solomayer
PURPOSE: The high prevalence of Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP) along with the demographic trend of the ageing population raises the value of sacropexy in the treatment of POP. Thus, efforts to decrease risks associated with this procedure have the potential for public health impact. We examined the perioperative morbidity of laparoscopic sacropexy regarding the surgical access and compared it with the morbidity of one of the most common gynecological procedure, the laparoscopic hysterectomy...
November 28, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894034/quality-of-life-after-uphold%C3%A2-vaginal-support-system-surgery-for-apical-pelvic-organ-prolapse-a-prospective-multicenter-study
#5
Päivi Rahkola-Soisalo, Daniel Altman, Christian Falconer, Edward Morcos, Martin Rudnicki, Tomi S Mikkola
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects on quality of life in women operated for apical pelvic organ prolapse using the Vaginal Uphold™ System. STUDY DESIGN: In this prospective cohort study, women (n=207) with symptomatic apical prolapse, with or without cystocele, were operated using the Uphold™ Vaginal Support System. Follow-up for quality of life was performed at 12 months after surgery, and assessed by the PFDI-20, and PFIQ-7, and sexual function by the PISQ-12...
November 14, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886523/two-years-follow-up-of-270-patients-treated-by-transvaginal-mesh-for-anterior-and-or-apical-prolapse
#6
Florence Hugele, Laure Panel, Camille Farache, Amgad Kashef, Arnaud Cornille, Christophe Courtieu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the 1 and 2 years outcomes of transvaginal single incision mesh surgery (SIMS) for anterior pelvic organ prolapse (POP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a prospective study including all patients from November 2008 to December 2012 who underwent SIMS for symptomatic anterior prolapse stage≥2, according to the POP Quantification (POP-Q). Symptoms and quality of life were assessed using validated questionnaires: Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI-20), Pelvic Floor Impact questionnaire (PFIQ-7), and Prolapse/Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire (PISQ-12)...
November 11, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882016/sacrohysteropexy-performed-as-uterus-conserving-surgery-for-pelvic-organ-prolapse-review-of-case-files
#7
Ayesha Khan, Riffat Jaleel, Farah Deeba Nasrullah
OBJECTIVE: To assess the outcome and safety of sacrohysteropexy as uterus conserving surgery for pelvic organ prolapse in young women and to assess patients' satisfaction with the procedure. METHODS: This is a case series of patients operated at Sind Government Lyari General Hospital and Civil Hospital Karachi, between January, 2007 to October, 2015. Data of the patients who had sacrohysteropexy were reviewed. Complications during surgery and post-operative period including haemorrhage, visceral injury, paralytic ileus and peritonitis were studied...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872979/evaluation-of-isolated-urinary-stress-incontinence-according-to-the-type-of-levator-ani-muscle-lesion-using-3-4d-transperineal-ultrasound-36%C3%A2-months-post-partum
#8
José Antonio García Mejido, Pamela Valdivieso Mejias, Ana Fernández Palacín, María José Bonomi Barby, Paloma De la Fuente Vaquero, José Antonio Sainz Bueno
INTRODUCTION: Vaginal delivery can lead to pelvic floor disorders. Many authors have described pelvic floor injuries that can predict future defects such as urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse. We propose the assessment of urinary stress incontinence and its association with levator ani muscle (LAM) microtrauma (>20% in the levator hiatus area during Valsalva) and macrotraumas (avulsion) identified by 3/4D transperineal ultrasound (3D-TpUS) 36 months post-partum. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective observational study including 168 nulliparous women...
November 21, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871954/surgical-management-for-pelvic-organ-prolapse-and-its-impact-on-sexual-function
#9
REVIEW
Jennifer C Thompson, Rebecca G Rogers
INTRODUCTION: Female sexual function is complex, incorporating physical, emotional, and psychological factors. Pelvic organ prolapse, descent of the pelvic organs to or through the vaginal opening, is a common condition that affects quality of life, including sexual function. Symptomatic prolapse is most commonly treated with reconstructive surgery. AIM: To address the surgical management of pelvic organ prolapse and its impact on sexual function and include recommendations for evaluating sexual function, use of validated questionnaires to assess function, preoperative counseling, and postoperative follow-up...
July 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866958/use-of-concomitant-stress-incontinence-surgery-at-time-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse-surgery-since-release-of-the-2011-fda-health-notification-on-serious-complications-associated-with-transvaginal-mesh
#10
Alice Drain, Aqsa Khan, Erin L Ohmann, Benjamin M Brucker, Scott Smilen, Nirit Rosenblum, Victor W Nitti
PURPOSE: There is controversy regarding performing concomitant anti-incontinence procedures at the time of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) repair. Data supports improvement in stress urinary incontinence (SUI) with concomitant sling, but increased adverse events. We assessed trends in preoperative SUI evaluation, concomitant anti-incontinence procedure at POP surgery, and post-operative anti-incontinence procedures at our institution before and after the 2011 FDA Public Health Notification pertaining to vaginal mesh...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865942/outcomes-of-laparoscopic-sacropexy-in-women-over-70-a-comparative-study
#11
Anne Sophie Boudy, Thibault Thubert, Marie Vinchant, Jean François Hermieu, Vincent Villefranque, Xavier Deffieux
OBJECTIVE: Precise data are lacking concerning laparoscopic sacropexy in the elderly population. The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes and complications associated with laparoscopic sacropexy (colpopexy or hysteropexy) in women aged under 70 and 70 or over. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of data on patients who underwent laparoscopic sacropexy in two tertiary centers. Peri- and postoperative complications were recorded and described using the IUGA classification...
November 11, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858132/ligament-shortening-compared-to-vaginal-colpopexy-at-the-time-of-hysterectomy-for-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#12
Pamela S Fairchild, Neil S Kamdar, Emily R Rosen, Carolyn W Swenson, Dee E Fenner, John O DeLancey, Daniel M Morgan
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The performance of a colpopexy at the time of hysterectomy for pelvic organ prolapse is a potential indicator of surgical quality. However, vaginal colpopexy has not been directly compared with the classic technique of ligament shortening and reattachment. We sought to test the null hypothesis that there is no difference in prolapse recurrence between the techniques. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of 330 vaginal hysterectomies performed for prolapse, comparing symptomatic and/or anatomic recurrence rates between patients having a vaginal colpopexy (uterosacral ligament suspension or sacrospinous ligament suspension) and those having ligament shortening and reattachment...
November 17, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855713/microrna-29-facilitates-transplantation-of-bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-to-alleviate-pelvic-floor-dysfunction-by-repressing-elastin
#13
Minfei Jin, Yuelin Wu, Jun Wang, Weiping Ye, Lei Wang, Peipei Yin, Wei Liu, Chenhao Pan, Xiaolin Hua
BACKGROUND: Pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) is a condition affecting many women worldwide, with symptoms including stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and pelvic organ prolapse (POP). We have previously demonstrated stable elastin-expressing bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) attenuated PFD in rats, and aim to further study the effect of microRNA-29a-3p regulation on elastin expression and efficacy of BMSC transplantation therapy. METHODS: We inhibited endogenous microRNA-29a-3p in BMSCs and investigated its effect on elastin expression by RT-PCR and Western blot...
November 17, 2016: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833470/a-case-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse-in-the-setting-of-cirrhotic-ascites
#14
Nima M Shah, Natasha Ginzburg, Kristene Whitmore
Ascites is commonly found in patients with liver cirrhosis. Although conservative therapy is often the ideal choice of care with these patients who also have symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse, this may fail and surgical methods may be needed. Literature is limited regarding surgical repair of prolapse in the setting of ascites. The authors present the surgical evaluation and management of a 63-year-old woman with recurrent ascites from liver cirrhosis who failed conservative therapy. With adequate multidisciplinary care and medical optimization, this patient underwent surgical therapy with resolution of her symptomatic prolapse and improved quality of life...
2016: Reviews in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833469/a-novel-approach-to-mesh-revision-after-sacrocolpopexy
#15
Melissa L Dawson, Rinko Rebecca, Nima M Shah, Kristene E Whitmore
Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is the herniation of pelvic organs to or beyond the vaginal walls. POP affects 50% of parous women; of those women, 11% will need surgery based on bothersome symptoms. Transvaginal mesh has been used for vaginal augmentation since the 1990s. Complications from mesh use are now more prominent, and include chronic pelvic pain, dyspareunia, vaginal mesh erosion, and urinary and defecatory dysfunction. Presently, there is no consensus regarding treatment of these complications. Reported herein are two cases of women with defecatory dysfunction and pain after sacrocolpopexy who underwent mesh revision procedures performed with both urogynecologic and colorectal surgery...
2016: Reviews in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826638/urethral-pressure-reflectometry-in-women-with-pelvic-organ-prolapse-a-study-of-reproducibility
#16
Yasmine Khayyami, Gunnar Lose, Niels Klarskov
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The mechanism of continence in women with pelvic organ prolapse (POP) before and after surgery remains unknown. Urethral pressure reflectometry (UPR) separates women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI) from continent women by measuring urethral opening pressure at an abdominal pressure of 50 cmH2O (P O-Abd 50). UPR can help identify women with POP at risk of postoperative de novo SUI. The aim of this study was to investigate the reproducibility of UPR in women with POP...
November 8, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826217/danish-urogynaecological-database
#17
Ulla Darling Hansen, Kim Oren Gradel, Michael Due Larsen
The Danish Urogynaecological Database is established in order to ensure high quality of treatment for patients undergoing urogynecological surgery. The database contains details of all women in Denmark undergoing incontinence surgery or pelvic organ prolapse surgery amounting to ~5,200 procedures per year. The variables are collected along the course of treatment of the patient from the referral to a postoperative control. Main variables are prior obstetrical and gynecological history, symptoms, symptom-related quality of life, objective urogynecological findings, type of operation, complications if relevant, implants used if relevant, 3-6-month postoperative recording of symptoms, if any...
2016: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822887/coital-incontinence-a-factor-for-deteriorated-health-related-quality-of-life-and-sexual-function-in-women-with-urodynamic-stress-urinary-incontinence
#18
Magdalena Emilia Grzybowska, Dariusz Grzegorz Wydra
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: To assess the impact of coital incontinence (CI) on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and quality of sexual function (QSF) in women with urodynamic stress urinary incontinence (SUI). METHODS: Women were recruited for this cross-sectional study from among 289 patients with lower urinary tract symptoms, underwent clinical and urodynamic evaluation. Of these 289 women, 127 sexually active women with SUI completed the King's Health Questionnaire (KHQ) and the Pelvic Organ Prolapse/Urinary Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire (PISQ), of whom 97 were enrolled for the study...
November 7, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822885/mental-health-screening-in-women-with-severe-pelvic-organ-prolapse-chronic-fourth-degree-obstetric-tear-and-genital-tract-fistula-in-western-uganda
#19
Hannah G Krause, Barbara A Hall, Shu-Kay Ng, Harriet Natukunda, Isaac Singasi, Judith T W Goh
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: High levels of mental health dysfunction have been identified in women with genital tract fistula. The aim of this study was to use the General Health Questionnaire-28 (GHQ-28) to screen women in western Uganda with severe pelvic organ prolapse, chronic fourth-degree obstetric tear and genital tract fistula for risk of mental health dysfunction. METHODS: Women undergoing surgery for severe pelvic organ prolapse, chronic fourth-degree obstetric tear, and genital tract fistula were interviewed using the GHQ-28 to screen for the risk of mental health dysfunction...
November 7, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818488/identi%C3%AF-cation-of-differentially-expressed-genes-in-pelvic-organ-prolapse-by-rna-seq
#20
Ruoyun Xie, Ying Xu, Shuixiu Fan, Yanfeng Song
BACKGROUND Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) brings major health issues for women, affecting 40% of postmenopausal women, and directly affects bladder and bowel function, as well as quality of life. In light of the projected growth in demand for care for pelvic floor disorders, determining the etiology and progression of POP has important public health implications. MATERIAL AND METHODS Uterosacral ligaments (USLs) samples of POP patients and normal controls were enrolled for RNA-Seq, and functional annotation analysis and Protein-Protein interaction (PPI) networks construction were performed for differentially expressed genes (DEGs)...
November 7, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
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