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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150142/association-between-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-cancer-incidence-rate
#1
Gi-Ae Kim, Han Chu Lee, Jaewon Choe, Min-Ju Kim, Min Jung Lee, Hye-Sook Chang, In Young Bae, Hong-Kyu Kim, Jihyun An, Ju Hyun Shim, Kang Mo Kim, Young-Suk Lim
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Little is known about the association between non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and cancer development. This study investigated the cancer incidence rates in NAFLD and analysed the association between NAFLD and cancer development. METHODS: This historical cohort study included subjects who were followed up for >1 year after having a heath checkup at a tertiary hospital in Korea from September 1, 2004 to December 31, 2005. NAFLD was diagnosed by ultrasonographic detection of hepatic steatosis in the absence of other known liver disease, including alcoholic or viral hepatitis...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139244/raman-exfoliative-cytology-for-oral-precancer-diagnosis
#2
Aditi Sahu, Poonam Gera, Venkatesh Pai, Abhishek Dubey, Gunjan Tyagi, Mandavi Waghmare, Sandeep Pagare, Manoj Mahimkar, C Murali Krishna
Oral premalignant lesions (OPLs) such as leukoplakia, erythroplakia, and oral submucous fibrosis, often precede oral cancer. Screening and management of these premalignant conditions can improve prognosis. Raman spectroscopy has previously demonstrated potential in the diagnosis of oral premalignant conditions (in vivo), detected viral infection, and identified cancer in both oral and cervical exfoliated cells (ex vivo). The potential of Raman exfoliative cytology (REC) in identifying premalignant conditions was investigated...
November 2017: Journal of Biomedical Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137226/the-neglected-avian-hepatotropic-virus-induces-acute-and-chronic-hepatitis-in-ducks-an-alternative-model-for-hepatology
#3
Xumin Ou, Sai Mao, Jingyu Cao, Yunchao Ma, Guangpeng Ma, Anchun Cheng, Mingshu Wang, Dekang Zhu, Shun Chen, Renyong Jia, Mafeng Liu, Kunfeng Sun, Qiao Yang, Ying Wu, Xiaoyue Chen
Duck Hepatitis A Virus (DHAV) belongs to the Avihepatovirus, which is also classified into Picornaviridae with Hepatovirus, Hepatitis A Virus (HAV). In humans, the pathogenesis of HAV is not well understood because of limited work with animal models. Here, we investigated the progress of duck viral hepatitis caused by DHAV and their potential for dissecting the pathogenesis of HAV. During the course of infection, the duck model had undergone hepatocellular lesions (vacuolation, acidophilic degeneration and steatosis), lymphocytes recruitment (neutrophil granulocytes, heterophilic granulocytes and T cells or plasm cells) and repair (activation of hepatic stellate cells, fibrosis and regeneration)...
October 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136329/follow-up-of-sustained-virologic-responders-with-hepatitis-c-and-advanced-liver-disease-after-interferon-ribavirin-free-treatment
#4
Karin Kozbial, Stephan Moser, Ramona Al-Zoairy, Remy Schwarzer, Christian Datz, Rudolf Stauber, Hermann Laferl, Michael Strasser, Sandra Beinhardt, Albert Friedrich Stättermayer, Michael Gschwantler, Heinz Zoller, Andreas Maieron, Ivo Graziadei, Michael Trauner, Petra Steindl-Munda, Harald Hofer, Peter Ferenci
BACKGROUND: The introduction of direct-acting antivirals (DAA) has increased sustained virological response (SVR) rates in patients with advanced liver disease and chronic hepatitis C(CHC)infection. At present, data on clinical outcome and long-term durability of viral eradication after successful DAA therapy are scarce. AIM: To evaluate the long-term success of viral eradication in patients with advanced fibrosis or cirrhosis treated with DAAs. METHODS: Five hundred and fifty one patients with advanced fibrosis (n=158) or liver cirrhosis (CPS-A:317,CPS-B/C:76) and SVR after interferon and ribavirin-free DAA therapy treated between October 2013 and April 2016 were studied with a median follow-up of 65...
November 14, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135030/hepatitis-c-virus-clearance-in-older-adults
#5
Antonio Massimo Ippolito, Angelo Iacobellis, Michele Milella, Fabio Conti, Vincenzo Messina, Maria Rosa Valvano, Grazia Anna Niro, Filomena Morisco, Michele Barone, Antonio Patrizio Termite, Giuseppina Brancaccio, Angelo Andriulli
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether older adults with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) achieve a sustained viral response (SVR) after treatment with direct-acting antiviral therapy. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 80 and older with chronic HCV infection (N = 253; n = 213 with cirrhosis, n = 40 with advanced fibrosis). MEASUREMENTS: We investigated the efficacy, safety, and global clinical effect of treatment with different combinations of direct antiviral agents (DAAs)...
November 14, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132760/hepatitis-c-in-sub-saharan-africa-the-current-status-and-recommendations-for-achieving-elimination-by-2030
#6
REVIEW
Mark W Sonderup, Mary Afihene, Reidwaan Ally, Betty Apica, Yaw Awuku, Lina Cunha, Geoffrey Dusheiko, Neliswa Gogela, Marie-Jeanne Lohouès-Kouacou, Phillip Lam, Olufunmilayo Lesi, Papa Saliou Mbaye, Emmanuel Musabeyezu, Betty Musau, Olesegun Ojo, John Rwegasha, Barbara Scholz, Abate B Shewaye, Christian Tzeuton, Chris Kassianides, C Wendy Spearman
In 2016, WHO adopted a strategy for the elimination of viral hepatitis by 2030. Africa, and more specifically, sub-Saharan Africa, carries a substantial portion of the global burden of viral hepatitis, especially chronic hepatitis B and hepatitis C virus infections. The task that lies ahead for sub-Saharan Africa to achieve elimination is substantial, but not insurmountable. Major developments in the management of hepatitis C have put elimination within reach, but several difficulties will need to be navigated on the path to elimination...
December 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113144/modulation-of-cell-death-pathways-by-hepatitis-c-virus-proteins-in-huh7-5-hepatoma-cells
#7
Olga V Masalova, Ekaterina I Lesnova, Pavel N Solyev, Natalia F Zakirova, Vladimir S Prassolov, Sergey N Kochetkov, Alexander V Ivanov, Alla A Kushch
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) causes chronic liver disease leading to fibrosis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. HCV infection triggers various types of cell death which contribute to hepatitis C pathogenesis. However, much is still unknown about the impact of viral proteins on them. Here we present the results of simultaneous immunocytochemical analysis of markers of apoptosis, autophagy, and necrosis in Huh7.5 cells expressing individual HCV proteins or their combinations, or harboring the virus replicon...
November 6, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112304/the-success-of-hcv-cure-every-rose-has-its-thorn
#8
Dominique Salmon-Ceron, Mario U Mondelli, Mojca Maticic, Joop E Arends
This review aimed to examine mid-term liver complications and extra-hepatic clinical syndromes in addition to quality of life benefits associated with achieving HCV cure. Also to review the few safety issues that have been associated with the use of oral direct acting antivirals (DAAs) and discuss the potential benefits of the reduction of the burden of HCV infection at the population level. HCV cure is possible with DAAs in more than 95% of the patients treated. The blockage of liver inflammation and halting of fibrosis progression translates in both hepatic and extra-hepatic beneficial improvements and in reduction in the need for liver transplantation secondary to HCV...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110825/long-term-outlook-in-biliary-atresia
#9
Arun Kelay, Mark Davenport
The oldest survivors from the Kasai portoenterostomy originate in Sendai, Japan and are approaching their 60th birthday. These represent the tip of an expanding cohort of adults born with this previously fatal condition. Increasingly transition to adult-biased hepatologists and physicians will be the expectation of many with this condition. However unlike their usual patients with alcohol, drugs, virally mediated liver disease these are different with different expectations of health and quality of life. Cure is not on the cards for most of these and they survive still with impaired bile flow and increased liver fibrosis and cirrhosis with the threat of cholangitis and portal hypertension still apparent...
October 2017: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107808/genetic-therapies-for-cystic-fibrosis-lung-disease
#10
REVIEW
Stephen L Hart, Patrick T Harrison
Gene therapy for cystic fibrosis (CF) has been the subject of intense research over the last twenty-five years or more, using both viral and liposomal delivery methods, but so far without the emergence of a clinical therapy. New approaches to CF gene therapy involving recent improvements to vector systems, both viral and non-viral, as well as new nucleic acid technologies have led to renewed interest in the field. The field of therapeutic gene editing is rapidly developing with the emergence of CRISPR/Cas9 as well as chemically modified mRNA therapeutics...
November 5, 2017: Current Opinion in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106987/targeting-interferons-as-a-strategy-for-systemic-sclerosis-treatment
#11
REVIEW
Marzena Ciechomska, Urszula Skalska
Systemic Sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease characterised by vasculopathy, uncontrolled inflammation and enhanced fibrosis which can subsequently lead to the loss of organ function or even premature death. Interferons (IFNs) are pleiotropic cytokines that are critical not only in mounting an effective immune response against viral and bacterial infections but also strongly contribute to the pathogenesis of SSc. Furthermore, elevated levels of IFNs are found in SSc patients and correlate with skin thickness and disease activity suggesting potential role of IFNs as biomarkers...
October 26, 2017: Immunology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103412/effects-of-herbal-extracts-and-compounds-and-pharmacological-agents-on-pulmonary-fibrosis-in-animal-models-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Hoda Mojiri-Forushani, Ali Asghar Hemmati, Mohammad Amin Dehghani, Ali Reza Malayeri, Hossein Hassan Pour
Pulmonary fibrosis, a chronic inflammatory disease that occurs mainly in older adults, is a serious health threat with few effective treatment options. The etiological aspects of pulmonary fibrosis remain unknown, though some factors such as cigarette smoking, viral infections, surfactant protein polymorphisms, and chronic or high doses use of certain drugs are considered to be risk factors for the progression of pulmonary fibrosis. No standard treatments have been introduced in clinic yet. Although glucocorticoids and antioxidant drugs have been administered, the severe and broad-spectrum adverse effects of glucocorticoids limit their use...
November 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099423/data-mining-of-routine-laboratory-tests-can-predict-liver-disease-progression-in-egyptian-diabetic-patients-with-hepatitis-c-virus-g4-infection-a-cohort-study-of-71%C3%A2-806-patients
#13
Yasmin Saad, Abobakr Awad, Wafaa Alakel, Wahid Doss, Tahany Awad, Mahasen Mabrouk
OBJECTIVES: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) and diabetes mellitus (DM) are prevalent diseases worldwide, associated with significant morbidity, mortality, and mutual association. The aims of this study were as follows: (i) find the prevalence of DM among 71 806 Egyptian patients with chronic HCV infection and its effect on liver disease progression and (ii) using data mining of routine tests to predict hepatic fibrosis in diabetic patients with HCV infection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective multicentered study included laboratory and histopathological data of 71 806 patients with HCV infection collected by Egyptian National Committee for control of viral hepatitis...
November 2, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091333/disappearance-of-perihepatic-lymph-node-enlargement-after-hepatitis-c-viral-eradication-with-direct-acting-antivirals
#14
Hiromi Hikita, Masaya Sato, Mamiko Sato, Yoko Soroida, Tamaki Kobayashi, Hiroaki Gotoh, Tomomi Iwai, Ryo Nakagomi, Ryosuke Tateishi, Takako Komuro, Shinji Sone, Kazuhiko Koike, Yutaka Yatomi, Hitoshi Ikeda
Perihepatic lymph node enlargement (PLNE) which has been shown to be negatively associated with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) occurrence is frequently observed in chronic liver disease, however, changes in the state of perihepatic lymph nodes after eradication of hepatitis C virus (HCV) have not been investigated yet. We aimed to evaluate this issue. We enrolled 472 patients with chronic HCV who achieved viral eradication with direct-acting antivirals (DAA). We investigated whether the status of perihepatic lymph nodes changed before and after HCV eradication (primary endpoint)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082798/the-use-of-obeticholic-acid-for-the-management-of-non-viral-liver-disease-current-clinical-practice-and-future-perspectives
#15
Stefano Gitto, Valeria Guarneri, Alessandro Sartini, Pietro Andreone
Farnesoid X nuclear receptor is involved in the regulation of lipid and glucose metabolism, though mainly in the homeostasis of bile acids. Indeed, the agonists of farnesoid X nuclear receptor represent promising drugs. Areas covered: Obeticholic acid, a novel semi-synthetic analogue of the naturally occurring bile acid, has led to encouraging preliminary results in both cholestatic and metabolic liver disease. In patients with primary biliary cholangitis, obeticholic acid determines a significant biochemical improvement although the effects on liver fibrosis are lacking...
October 30, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069788/the-sirtuin-6-prevents-angiotensin-ii-mediated-myocardial-fibrosis-and-injury-by-targeting-ampk-ace2-signaling
#16
Zhen-Zhou Zhang, Yu-Wen Cheng, Hai-Yan Jin, Qing Chang, Qian-Hui Shang, Ying-Le Xu, Lin-Xi Chen, Ran Xu, Bei Song, Jiu-Chang Zhong
Sirtuin 6 (SIRT6) is an important modulator of cardiovascular functions in health and diseases. However, the exact role of SIRT6 in heart disease is poorly defined. We hypothesized that SIRT6 is a negative regulator of angiotensin II (Ang II)-mediated myocardial remodeling, fibrosis and injury. The male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized to Ang II (200 ng/kg/min) infusion with an osmotic minipump and pretreated with recombinant plasmids adeno-associated viral vector (AAV)-SIRT6 (pAAV-SIRT6) or pAAV-GFP for 4 weeks...
September 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068280/prevalence-of-respiratory-viruses-in-iranian-patients-with-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#17
Hossein Keyvani, Mohsen Moghoofei, Farah Bokharaei-Salim, Shayan Mostafaei, Seyed-Ali Javad Mousavi, Seyed Hamidreza Monavari, Maryam Esghaei
INTRODUCTION: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic and ultimately fatal lung disease. One of the risk factors involved in the acquisition of IPF is viral infections, especially respiratory viruses. In the present study, we investigated the detection of respiratory viruses and the possible relationship between these viruses and IPF. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was supported by the Iran University of Medical Sciences (IUMS), Tehran, Iran. A total of 40 respiratory samples (five nasopharyngeal and 35 bronchoalveolar lavage specimens) were obtained from IPF patients referred to IUMS hospitals between April 2015 and December 2016...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065699/annals-express-performance-of-autotaxin-as-a-serum-marker-of-liver-fibrosis
#18
Hitoshi Ikeda, Mariko Kobayashi, Hiromitsu Kumada, Kenichiro Enooku, Kazuhiko Koike, Makoto Kurano, Masaya Sato, Takahiro Nojiri, Tamaki Kobayashi, Ryunosuke Ohkawa, Satoshi Shimamoto, Koji Igarashi, Junken Aoki, Yutaka Yatomi
BACKGROUND: Because autotaxin (ATX) reportedly has a better performance than hyaluronic acid (HA) as a marker of liver fibrosis for the prediction of cirrhosis caused by hepatitis C, we aimed to further evaluate the role of ATX in liver fibrosis of other etiologies. METHODS: ATX antigen was measured in serum samples from 108 patients with chronic hepatitis B and 128 patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) who had undergone a liver biopsy as well as healthy subjects and patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), diabetes mellitus (DM), rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and cardiac dysfunction (CD)...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064809/-parathormone-and-vitamin-d-in-heart-failure-theoretical-influence-on-disease-development-and-potential-therapy-targets
#19
Agnieszka Kolaszko, Grzegorz Kubiak, Ewa Nowalany-Kozielska
Vitamin D and parathormone (PTH) are hormones regulating calcium and phosphorus homeostasis. The aim of the article is to summarize the current knowledge in the field and to assess its impact on heart failure (HF) pathogenesis. PTH serum concentration being frequently elevated in patients with HF has negative impact on circulatory system stimulating myocardial fibrosis, wall thickening and reninangiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) activity. PTH reacts with smooth muscle cells receptors mediating adrenergic and chronotropic activation resulting in increased oxidative stress, endothelial dysfunction, intracellular calcium overload and has negative influence on prognosis in chronic HF patients...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064081/recommendations-for-the-treatment-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-in-chronic-kidney-disease-a-position-statement-by-the-spanish-association-of-the-liver-and-the-kidney
#20
Sami Aoufi-Rabih, Rebeca García-Agudo, María-Carlota Londoño, María-Dolores Fraga-Fuentes, Guillermina Barril-Cuadrado
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is one of the main causes of liver cirrhosis worldwide. The long-term impact of HCV infection is highly variable, ranging from minimal histological changes to extensive fibrosis with hepatocellular carcinoma. The development of HCV drugs has increased dramatically in recent years, even in special populations such as chronic kidney disease patients. Classical treatment of chronic hepatitis C was based on the administration of interferon and ribavirin for 24-48 weeks, which was associated with a poor viral response and a high rate of side effects, especially in patients with a lower estimated glomerular filtration rate...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Nephrology
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