keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Stress hyperglycemia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449893/endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-activation-in-adipose-tissue-induces-metabolic-syndrome-in-individuals-with-familial-partial-lipodystrophy-of-the-dunnigan-type
#1
Maria C Foss-Freitas, Rafael C Ferraz, Luciana Z Monteiro, Patricia M Gomes, Ricardo Iwakura, Luiz Carlos C de Freitas, Milton C Foss
Background: Familial partial lipodystrophy of the Dunnigan type is one of the most common inherited lipodystrophies variables. These individuals have important metabolic disorders that cause predisposition to various diseases. In this study we aimed to demonstrate the relation between the metabolic abnormalities, inflammatory profile and the expression of genes involved in the activation of the endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) in subjects with FPLD. Methods: We evaluated 14 female FPLD patients and compared with 13 female healthy individuals...
2018: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444446/pathophysiological-changes-after-lipopolysaccharide-induced-acute-inflammation-in-a-type-2-diabetic-rat-model-versus-normal-controls
#2
Tingting Han, Xingxing Ren, Dongdong Jiang, Shuang Zheng, Yawen Chen, Huiying Qiu, Peter C Hou, Wei Liu, Yaomin Hu
AIMS: The present study aimed to explore the mechanism of a potential beneficial effect of pre-existing diabetes in acute hyperglycemia during critical illness. METHODS: Pathophysiological changes including blood glucose variability, changes of inflammatory and oxidative stress responses after lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute infection were compared between type 2 diabetic rat model (GK rats) and normal controls (Wistar rats). RESULTS: After LPS injection, Wistar rats showed serious infective symptoms while GK rats did not...
February 11, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441322/effect-of-vitamin-e-and-omega-3-fatty-acids-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients
#3
Ashwitha Shruti Dass, Sarala Narayana, P N Venkatarathnamma
Diabetes mellitus (DM) and its complications have been implicated in hyperglycemia-induced oxidative stress. Antioxidants can improve glycemic control, lipid profile, and cognitive functions. We assessed the effect of Vitamin E and omega 3 fatty acids (OFA) on the above parameters. One hundred patients with type 2 DM receiving metformin 500 mg and glimepiride 1 mg were randomized to receive add-on therapy of Vitamin E 400 mg or OFA once daily for 12 weeks and the third group served as control. Fasting blood sugar (FBS), postprandial blood sugar (PPBS), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), body mass index (BMI), waist-hip ratio (WHR), lipid profile, and mini-mental state examination were done at baseline and 12 weeks...
January 2018: Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435395/atherothrombosis-is-a-thrombotic-not-inflammatory-disease
#4
REVIEW
Gregory D Sloop, Joseph J Weidman, John A St Cyr
The authors hypothesize that thrombosis causes both the complications of atherosclerosis as well as the underlying lesion, the atherosclerotic plaque, which develops from the organization of mural thrombi. These form in areas of slow blood flow, which develop because of flow separation created by changing vascular geometry and elevated blood viscosity. Many phenomena typically ascribed to inflammation or "chronic oxidative stress", such as the development of fatty streaks, "endothelial dysfunction," "vulnerable plaques," and the association of mild elevations of C-reactive protein and cytokines with atherothrombosis are better explained by hemorheologic and hemodynamic abnormalities, particularly elevated blood viscosity...
December 5, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433142/ppar-%C3%AE-agonist-improves-hyperglycemia-induced-oxidative-stress-in-pancreatic-cells-by-potentiating-antioxidant-defense-system
#5
Habib Yaribeygi, Mohammad Taghi Mohammadi, Amirhossein Sahebkar
BACKGROUND: Diabetes-induced oxidative stress has an essential role in pancreatic cells dysfunction. The present study aimed to evaluate whether peroxisome proliferator activated receptor- alpha (PPAR-α) induction by fenofibrate counterbalances oxidative stress in pancreatic cells. METHODS: In this in vivo study, male Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups as normal, normal treated, diabetic and diabetic treated groups (n=6 in each group). Diabetes was induced by a single intravenous injection of streptozotocin (45 mg/kg)...
February 12, 2018: Drug Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432575/multiple-common-co-morbidities-produce-left-ventricular-diastolic-dysfunction-associated-with-coronary-microvascular-dysfunction-oxidative-stress-and-myocardial-stiffening
#6
O Sorop, I Heinonen, M van Kranenburg, J van de Wouw, V J de Beer, T N Nguyen, Y Octavia, R W B van Duin, K Stam, R J van Geuns, P A Wielopolski, G P Krestin, A H van den Meiracker, R Verjans, M van Bilsen, A H J Danser, W J Paulus, C Cheng, W A Linke, J A Joles, M C Verhaar, J van der Velden, D Merkus, D J Duncker
Rationale: More than 50% of patients with heart failure have preserved ejection fraction characterized by diastolic dysfunction. The prevalance of diastolic dysfunction is higher in females and associates with multiple comorbidities such as hypertension (HT), obesity, hypercholesterolemia (HC) and diabetes mellitus (DM), although its pathophysiology remains incompletely understood. It has been proposed that the co-morbidities induce systemic inflammation, cardiac microvascular dysfunction and oxidative stress, leading to myocardial fibrosis, myocyte stiffening and ultimately, diastolic dysfunction...
February 8, 2018: Cardiovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425894/diabetic-macroangiopathy-pathogenetic-insights-and-novel-therapeutic-approaches-with-focus-on-high-glucose-mediated-vascular-damage
#7
REVIEW
Rosalinda Madonna, Damiana Pieragostino, Carmela Rita Balistreri, Claudia Rossi, Yong-Jian Geng, Piero Del Boccio, Raffaele De Caterina
Diabetic macroangiopathy - a specific form of accelerated atherosclerosis - is characterized by intra-plaque new vessel formation due to excessive/abnormal neovasculogenesis and angiogenesis, increased vascular permeability of the capillary vessels, and tissue edema, resulting in frequent atherosclerotic plaque hemorrhage and plaque rupture. Mechanisms that may explain the premature and rapidly progressive nature of atherosclerosis in diabetes are multiple, and to a large extent still unclear. However, mechanisms related to hyperglycemia certainly play an important role...
February 6, 2018: Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422748/effectiveness-of-music-therapy-on-focused-attention-working-memory-and-stress-in-type-2-diabetes-an-exploratory-study
#8
Indira Tumuluri, Shantala Hegde, H R Nagendra
Cognitive deficits are reported in diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2). Previous research has shown that music-based intervention can not only reduce hyperglycemia but also target cognitive functions as well as stress. The aim of this exploratory study was to understand the effect of active participation in music therapy (MT) on the cognitive deficits of DM2 patients. MT of twenty sessions was carried out with three participants with DM2. Serum cortisol, perceived stress, Color Trail Test (1 and 2), and verbal n-back (1 and 2) tests were used to measure the outcomes...
September 2017: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411009/nrf2-activation-is-a-potential-therapeutic-approach-to-attenuate-diabetic-retinopathy
#9
Devy Deliyanti, Saeed F Alrashdi, Sih Min Tan, Colin Meyer, Keith W Ward, Judy B de Haan, Jennifer L Wilkinson-Berka
Purpose: Oxidative stress is a causal factor in the development of diabetic retinopathy; however, clinically relevant strategies to treat the disease by augmenting antioxidant defense mechanisms have not been fully explored. We hypothesized that boosting nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) antioxidant capacity with the novel Nrf2 activator dh404, would protect the retina in diabetes including vision-threatening breakdown of the blood-retinal barrier (BRB) and associated damage to macroglial Müller cells...
February 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408836/pathophysiological-response-to-burn-injury-in-adults
#10
Mile Stanojcic, Abdikarim Abdullahi, Sarah Rehou, Alexandra Parousis, Marc G Jeschke
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the hypermetabolic, and inflammatory trajectories in burned adults to gain insight into the pathophysiological alterations and outcomes after injury. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Burn injury leads to a complex response that is associated with hypermetabolism, morbidity, and mortality. The underlying pathophysiology and the correlations between humoral changes and organ function have not been well delineated in adult burn patients...
March 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406006/neonatal-diabetes-mellitus-an-update-on-diagnosis-and-management
#11
REVIEW
Michelle Blanco Lemelman, Lisa Letourneau, Siri Atma W Greeley
Neonatal diabetes mellitus is likely to be due to an underlying monogenic defect when it occurs at less than 6 months of age. Early recognition and urgent genetic testing are important for predicting the clinical course and raising awareness of possible additional features. Early treatment of sulfonylurea-responsive types of neonatal diabetes may improve neurologic outcomes. It is important to distinguish neonatal diabetes mellitus from other causes of hyperglycemia in newborns. Other causes include infection, stress, inadequate pancreatic insulin production in preterm infants, among others...
March 2018: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402864/%C3%AE-melanocyte-stimulating-hormone-protects-early-diabetic-retina-from-blood-retinal-barrier-breakdown-and-vascular-leakage-via-mc4r
#12
Siwei Cai, Qianhui Yang, Mengzhu Hou, Qian Han, Hanyu Zhang, Jiantao Wang, Chen Qi, Qiyu Bo, Yusha Ru, Wei Yang, Zhongxiu Gu, Ruihua Wei, Yunshan Cao, Xiaorong Li, Yan Zhang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Blood-retinal barrier (BRB) breakdown and vascular leakage is the leading cause of blindness of diabetic retinopathy (DR). Hyperglycemia-induced oxidative stress and inflammation are primary pathogenic factors of this severe DR complication. An effective interventional modality against the pathogenic factors during early DR is needed to curb BRB breakdown and vascular leakage. This study sought to examine the protective effects of α-Melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) on early diabetic retina against vascular hyperpermeability, electrophysiological dysfunction, and morphological deterioration in a rat model of diabetes and probe the mechanisms underlying the α-MSH's anti-hyperpermeability in both rodent retinas and simian retinal vascular endothelial cells (RF6A)...
January 25, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402461/mesenchymal-stromal-stem-cells-as-potential-therapy-in-diabetic-retinopathy
#13
REVIEW
Agnese Fiori, Vincenzo Terlizzi, Heiner Kremer, Julian Gebauer, Hans-Peter Hammes, Martin C Harmsen, Karen Bieback
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a multifactorial microvascular disease induced by hyperglycemia and subsequent metabolic abnormalities. The resulting cell stress causes a sequela of events that ultimately can lead to severe vision impairment and blindness. The early stages are characterized by activation of glia and loss of pericytes, endothelial cells (EC) and neuronal cells. The integrity of the retinal microvasculature becomes affected, and, as a possible late response, macular edema may develop as a common reason for vision loss in patients with non-proliferative DR...
February 2, 2018: Immunobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402368/-efficacy-and-safety-of-simulated-artificial-pancreas-in-modulating-stress-hyperglycemia-in-critically-ill-patients-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-study
#14
Zhongliang Yang, Guoqiang Tao, Meifeng Guo, Baoling Sun, Liang Gong, Yong Ding, Shuming Ye, Weidong Liu, Xiuyun Yang
OBJECTIVE: To explore efficacy and safety of simulated artificial pancreas in modulating stress hyperglycemia in critically ill patients. METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled study was performed. Seventy-two critically ill patients with stress hyperglycemia, aged 18-85 years, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) score over 15, two consecutive random blood glucose 11.1 mmol/L or higher, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C) below 0.065, unable to eat food for 3 days after inclusion, or only accepting parenteral nutrition, admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) in Shanghai Punan Hospital of Pudong New District from January 1st, 2015 to June 30th, 2017 were enrolled...
February 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398410/chemo-biological-evaluation-of-antidiabetic-activity-of-mentha-arvensis-l-and-it-s-role-in-inhibition-of-advanced-glycation-end-products
#15
Sachin B Agawane, Vidya S Gupta, Mahesh J Kulkarni, Asish K Bhattacharya, Santosh S Koratkar
BACKGROUND: There has been enormous curiosity in the development of alternative plant based medicines to control diabetes, oxidative stress and related disorders. One of the therapeutic approaches is to reduce postprandial release of glucose in the blood. Two key enzymes that are involved in reducing postprandial glucose are α-amylase and α-glucosidase. Mentha arvensis L. has been traditionally used by several tribes as a medicinal plant to treat various disorders. OBJECTIVE: The present study was undertaken to test M...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392783/hyperglycemia-induced-mouse-trophoblast-spreading-is-mediated-by-reactive-oxygen-species
#16
Sánchez-Santos A, Martínez-Hernández Mg, Contreras-Ramos A, Ortega-Camarillo C, Baiza-Gutman LA
During embryo implantation, the outer layer of the blastocyst interacts with the endometrium giving rise to the development of the trophoblast cell lineage. The cells in this lineage participate in the penetration of endometrium due to their motility and invasive properties. The mechanisms that regulate the differentiation and invasive ability of these cells are essential for the establishment and maintenance of an efficient exchange between maternal and fetal tissues during pregnancy. In this context, hyperglycemia can induce oxidative stress causing alterations in the placenta...
February 2, 2018: Molecular Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392616/kaempferol-attenuates-hyperglycemia-induced-cardiac-injuries-by-inhibiting-inflammatory-responses-and-oxidative-stress
#17
Xuemei Chen, Jianchang Qian, Lintao Wang, Jieli Li, Yunjie Zhao, Jibo Han, Zia Khan, Xiaojun Chen, Jingying Wang, Guang Liang
PURPOSE: Suppression of inflammation and oxidative stress is an attractive strategy to against diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM). Kaempferol (KPF) exerts both anti-inflammatory and antioxidant pharmacological properties. However, little is known about the effect of KPF on protecting myocardial injury in diabetes. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of KPF on DCM and underlying mechanism. METHODS: Anti-inflammation and anti-oxidative stress activities of KPF were evaluated in H9c2 cells or primary cardiomyocytes by real-time quantitate PCR, immunoblotting, immunofluorescence, ELISA, and FACS...
February 1, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391714/comparative-analysis-of-the-oxidative-stress-and-antioxidant-status-in-type-ii-diabetics-and-nondiabetics-a-biochemical-study
#18
Archana Nair, Bindu J Nair
Background: Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia along with biochemical alterations of glucose and lipid peroxidation. It produces free radicals that induce lipid peroxidation which acts as an indicator for oxidative stress in the body. The widely used assay for lipid peroxidation involves measurement of malondialdehyde (MDA). Defensive system in the body consists of antioxidant enzymes which help in scavenging free radicals. Two such antioxidant enzymes are reduced glutathione (GSH) and superoxide dismutase (SOD)...
September 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391240/atorvastatin-and-insulin-equally-mitigate-brain-pathology-in-diabetic-rats
#19
Wasana Pratchayasakul, La-Ongdao Thongnak, Kenneth Chattipakorn, Anusorn Lungaphin, Anchalee Pongchaidecha, Pattarapong Satjaritanun, Thidarat Jaiwongkam, Sasiwan Kerdphoo, Siriporn C Chattipakorn
Although insulin and atorvastatin have been shown to exert glycemic control and could improve brain function, the effects of atorvastatin or insulin as well as the combination of atorvastatin plus insulin on brain pathology in diabetes mellitus type 1 (T1DM) are unclear. Therefore, this study investigated the effect of atorvastatin, insulin or combined drugs on brain pathology in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Thirty-six male rats were divided into two groups, a control group (n = 12) and a diabetic or experimental group (n = 24)...
January 29, 2018: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387108/the-effects-of-hydroalcoholic-extract-of-allium-elburzense-wendelbo-bulb-on-dexamethasone-induced-dyslipidemia-hyperglycemia-and-oxidative-stress-in-rats
#20
Leila Safaeian, Behzad Zolfaghari, Sajad Karimi, Ardeshir Talebi, Mohammadreza Aghaye Ghazvini
Recent evidences have suggested the beneficial cardiovascular effects of some plants belonging to the genus Allium. The present study is an attempt to investigate the effects of hydroalcoholic extract of Allium elburzense bulb on dexamethasone-induced dyslipidemia in rats. Total phenolic content of A. elburzense bulb hydroalcoholic extract was determined using Folin-Ciocalteu method. Thirty-six male Wistar albino rats in 6 groups were studied. Group 1 (dyslipidemic control) received dexamethasone (10 mg/kg/day, s...
February 2018: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
keyword
keyword
8476
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"