Read by QxMD icon Read

vasculitis acute kidney injury

Helena S Gouveia, Sílvia O Lopes, Ana Luísa Faria
Tumour lysis syndrome (TLS) is a rare oncological emergency in solid tumours. Because it is associated with bad short-term prognosis, early recognition and treatment are mandatory. This case refers to a middle-aged woman who presented with stage IV colon cancer, with massive hepatic involvement. After three cycles of first-line FOLFOX (folinic acid, 5-fluorouracil and oxaliplatin), she developed acute kidney injury and hyperkalaemia that did not respond to standard measures. High suspicion of TLS prompted further corroborating investigations and early intensive care unit admission...
March 15, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Xiao-Li Li, Peng-Cheng Xu, Tong Chen, Tie-Kun Yan, Jian-Qing Jiang, Jun-Ya Jia, Li Wei, Wen-Ya Shang, Shui-Yi Hu
RATIONALE: The relationship between antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) and ANCA-negative vasculitis has not been elucidated. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 64-year-old female with edema and proteinuria was admitted. A kidney biopsy indicated focal proliferative nephritis with crescents in 25% of glomeruli. Serum ANCA was negative. Eighteen months later, systemic symptoms emerged and acute kidney injury occurred. Serum ANCA against myeloperoxidase (MPO) turned positive...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Percy Herrera-Añazco, Percy Velásquez-Castillo, Josmel Pacheco-Mendoza, Germán Valenzuela-Rodriguez, Carmen Asato-Higa
The pauci-immune crescentic glomerulonephritis (PICGN) is generally associated with small-vessel vasculitis with a few reported cases associated with other autoimmune diseases such as Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). We present the case of a female 34-year-old patient with acute kidney injury symptoms with indication for renal replacement therapy in the context of clinical SLE diagnosis. A kidney biopsy was conducted and it was found that most glomeruli showed some segmental sclerosis with synechia to the Bowman's capsule...
October 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
Faisal Kamal, Lindsay Snook, Jagannath H Saikumar
Rhabdomyolysis is a syndrome characterized by the breakdown of skeletal muscle and leakage of intracellular myocyte contents, such as creatine phosphokinase (CPK) and myoglobin, into the interstitial space and plasma resulting in acute kidney injury (AKI). Elevated CPK of at least 5 times the upper limit of normal is an important diagnostic marker of Rhabdomyolysis. We present a case of rhabdomyolysis with severe AKI with a normal CPK at presentation. A 32-year-old man presented with acute respiratory failure and AKI after an overdose of recreational drugs...
January 2018: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
Nicole A Sitkin, Ethan Bernstein, Mark A Perazella
Classical polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) is a necrotizing arteritis affecting medium-sized vessels. A 73-year-old gentleman who presented with progressive anemia and scant hemoptysis developed acute kidney injury over the course of hospital admission. Kidney biopsy was initially interpreted as consistent with cephalosporin-associated acute interstitial nephritis (AIN) and acute tubular injury (ATI). After oral prednisone (5 days), the patient was discharged with improving serum creatinine. Two days later, he presented with diffuse alveolar hemorrhage...
January 2018: Clinical Nephrology
Anawin Sanguankeo, Natanong Thamcharoen, Sikarin Upala
BACKGROUND: Calciphylaxis in a nondialysis patient is a rare condition and is characterized by calcific deposition in tissue. We present a case of calciphylaxis in a nondialysis patient who was diagnosed by clinical presentation and skin biopsy and was treated with sodium thiosulfate with improvement of skin lesions. CASE: A 43-year-old female with type 2 diabetes and atrial fibrillation taking oral anticoagulation medication presented with reddish drainage from the right buttock...
2017: Clinical Nephrology. Case Studies
Andrea Cervi, Dylan Kelly, Iakovina Alexopoulou, Nader Khalidi
PURPOSE: We report the case of a 59-year-old man with chronic hepatitis B and C infection presenting with acute kidney injury and enterococcus faecalis-infective endocarditis (IE). An elevated proteinase-3 (PR3)-ANCA and pauci-immune glomerulonephritis (GN) on renal biopsy were discovered, corresponding to ANCA-mediated GN. We conducted a literature review to assess the role of ANCA in IE and treatment implications. METHODS: On systematic review of the literature, we found five previous cases whereby IE caused by streptococcus and bartonella species were related to ANCA vasculitis-associated GN...
2017: Clinical Nephrology. Case Studies
Aline Pourcelet, Marine Georgery, Frederic Vandergheynst, Jean-Michel Hougardy, Sandra De Breucker
We describe here the case of a 73-year-old woman who presented a recurrent macular rash, acute respiratory distress, and hemoptysis. Chest CT scan showed diffuse ground-glass opacities that were suggestive of alveolar hemorrhage. With the development of severe acute kidney injury and nephrotic-range proteinuria (creatininemia 2.6 from 1.9 mg/dL with overt proteinuria 34 from 2.1 g/g creat), a kidney-lung syndrome was evoked. Skin biopsy revealed leukocytoclastic vasculitis with IgA deposits. Blood tests showed an increased IgA level...
September 28, 2017: Acta Clinica Belgica
Amel Harzallah, Hayet Kaaroud, Karima Boubaker, Samia Barbouch, Rim Goucha, Fethi Ben Hamida, Taieb Ben Abdallah
Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory disease that affects mostly the lungs and lymph glands. Renal involvement is rare and especially vasculitis. We report a case who presented an acute kidney failure and had sarcoidosis with vasculitis and nodular splenic involvement. A 35-year-old woman presenting a Lofgren syndrome was hospitalized for acute renal failure with cervical lymphadenopathy without other clinical findings. Laboratory data disclosed elevated angiotensin converting enzyme serum level. Abdominal ultrasound showed a multinodular spleen...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Ying Mao Gn, Arvind Ponnusamy, Vikram Thimma
Renal complications from snakebite result in high mortality and morbidity. Acute kidney injury (AKI) occurs in 5-30% of cases. Renal manifestation could include acute tubular necrosis, cortical necrosis, interstitial nephritis, glomerulonephritis, and vasculitis. We present a case of thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) resulting in renal cortical necrosis. Renal biopsy showed fibrin thrombi in glomeruli and arterioles with cortical necrosis. Our patient progressed to end-stage renal disease.
2017: Case Reports in Nephrology
S Cormican, N Adams, P O'Connell, A McErlean, D de Freitas
OBJECTIVES: A 61-year-old with acute granulomatosis and polyangiitis developed Aspergillus fumigatus pneumonia after admission to the intensive care unit with a small bowel perforation. This occurred after immunosuppression (intravenous methylprednisolone, intravenous cyclophosphamide, and plasmapheresis) for his initial presentation with stage 3 acute kidney injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The mycologist recommended long-term treatment with voriconazole after initial recovery...
September 2, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
Yoshihiro Taniyama, Yoshihisa Nakatani, Toshiaki Matsuoka, Miyo Takahashi, Kazuyuki Shimizu, Sachiyo Yamamoto, Yuki Inoue, Sayoko Ohnishi, Norihiro Kobayashi, Yukihito Nakano, Masahiro Takami, Shuji Arima
Cryoglobulinemia can induce systemic vasculitis affecting various organs such as skin, peripheral nerves, and kidney. The disease can induce chronic organ failure and even be life-threatening. Cryofiltration has been applied for the treatment of cryoglobulinemic vasculitis. We have experienced four cases with mixed cryoglobulinemia showing severe and progressive clinical manifestations, including skin purpura, nephrotic syndrome, acute kidney injury, and peripheral neuropathy. Cryofiltration in conjunction with conventional pharmacological therapies appeared to be safe and effective...
June 2017: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
Mehdi Maanaoui, Camille Saint-Jacques, Viviane Gnemmi, Marie Frimat, Arnaud Lionet, Marc Hazzan, Christian Noël, François Provot
RATIONALE: BRAF and MEK inhibitors have significantly improved the prognosis of metastatic melanoma, by inhibiting both the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAP-kinase) pathway. They are associated with infrequent adverse kidney events. Most of these are related to the use of BRAF inhibitors and involve interstitial nephritis with acute tubular necrosis. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a unique case of glomerulonephritis with renal granulomatous vasculitis in a patient diagnosed with metastatic melanoma treated with BRAF and MEK inhibitors...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
K Abadeer, N Aslam, C Cortese, H M Wadei
Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) is a necrotizing vasculitis that has been associated with viral infections, especially hepatitis B virus. We hereby report a case of tissue-invasive cytomegalovirus (CMV)-induced PAN in a liver transplant recipient presenting with acute kidney injury and active urinary sediment. Treatment directed against both PAN and CMV resulted in improvement in kidney function, normalization of urinary indices and resolution of the CMV infection. There was no recurrence of either PAN or CMV after a 3-year follow-up period...
December 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
Nathasha Luke, Hasini Munasinghe, Lakshmi Balasooriya, Ranjan Premaratna
BACKGROUND: Spotted fever group rickettsioses (SFGR) transmitted mostly by ticks are increasingly discovered around the World and some of them are either re-emerging or emerging in Sri Lanka. Accidental human infections caused by these vector borne zoonotic diseases generally give rise to nonspecific acute febrile illnesses which can be complicated by multi organ involvement carrying high morbidity and mortality. Nonspecific clinical features and non-availability of early diagnostic facilities are known to result in delay in the diagnosis of rickettsial infections...
April 17, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
Stephen P McAdoo, Charles D Pusey
Tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) is a cytokine that is pivotal in the inflammatory response. Blockade of TNFα has been shown to be effective in a number of human autoimmune diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, raising the question of whether this approach may be effective in inflammatory kidney disease, such as ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV). In AAV, there is considerable evidence for the role of TNFα in the pathophysiology of disease, including increased expression of TNFα mRNA in leucocytes and in renal tissue...
January 1, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
T Dineshkumar, J Dhanapriya, R Sakthirajan, K Thirumalvalavan, A A Kurien, T Balasubramaniyan, N Gopalakrishnan
Snake bite is mainly an occupational hazard and causes serious health problems in rural India. Acute kidney injury (AKI) occurs in 5-30% cases. Renal pathologic findings include acute tubular necrosis, cortical necrosis, interstitial nephritis, glomerulonephritis, and vasculitis. Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) occurrence after a snake bite is reported rarely. Here, we present two patients who developed TMA after viper bite treated with hemodialysis and plasmapheresis. Renal biopsy showed fibrin thrombi in glomeruli and arterioles with cortical necrosis...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Nephrology
Justin M Segraves, Vivek N Iyer
Microscopic polyangiitis is an uncommon systemic vasculitis of varying severity that is associated with myeloperoxidase (MPO) and perinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic (p-ANCA) antibodies. The most commonly affected organs are the lungs and kidneys. We report on a very unusual case of microscopic polyangiitis presenting with severe mesenteric ischemia in addition to diffuse alveolar hemorrhage and acute renal failure. The patient was initially diagnosed with acute pancreatitis at an outside facility given his severe abdominal pain and elevated pancreatic enzymes...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Javier Villacorta, Francisco Diaz-Crespo, Mercedes Acevedo, Teresa Cavero, Carmen Guerrero, Manuel Praga, Gema Fernandez-Juarez
Renal failure secondary to ANCA-associated vasculitis represents a clinical and therapeutic challenge. In this study, we aimed to assess the treatment response rates and long-term outcomes of vasculitis patients presenting with renal failure. This retrospective study included 151 patients with renal vasculitis from three hospitals who underwent a renal biopsy between 1997 and 2014. Patients with renal failure which required dialysis at the onset were compared to those presenting with more preserved renal function...
June 2017: Rheumatology International
Wenlong Zhang, Xiaojie Lu, Wei Wang, Zhuang Ding, Yunhe Fu, Xiaofei Zhou, Naisheng Zhang, Yongguo Cao
Leptospirosis is a systemic infection that causes, among others, acute kidney injury, acute liver disease, muscle pain, vasculitis, bleeding disorders, and reproductive loss. In an effort to reduce uterine inflammatory responses induced by Leptospira, we evaluated the anti-inflammation effects of emodin, thymol, and astragalin in a mouse model. Our results showed that treatment with emodin, thymol, and astragalin alleviated uterine inflammation induced by leptospira infection via suppression of pro-inflammatory cytokine expression and prevented tissue damage...
April 2017: Inflammation
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"