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Cardiac surgery. Thoracic surgery.

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153787/the-society-of-thoracic-surgeons-national-database-2017-annual-report
#1
Jeffrey P Jacobs, David M Shahian, Richard S D'Agostino, Marshall L Jacobs, Benjamin D Kozower, Vinay Badhwar, Vinod H Thourani, Henning A Gaissert, Felix G Fernandez, Richard L Prager
The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) National Database has three major component databases: the STS Adult Cardiac Surgery Database (ACSD), the STS Congenital Heart Surgery Database (CHSD), and the STS General Thoracic Surgery Database (GTSD). Beginning in January 2016, The Annals of Thoracic Surgery began publishing a monthly series of scholarly articles on outcomes analysis, quality improvement, and patient safety. This article summarizes the status of the STS National Database as of October 2017 and summarizes the articles about the STS National Database that appeared in The Annals of Thoracic Surgery 2017 series "Outcomes Analysis, Quality Improvement, and Patient Safety...
December 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151308/unknown-vascular-compression-of-the-airway-in-patients-with-congenitalheart-disease-and-persistent-lower-respiratory-symptoms
#2
Tuğba Şişmanlar Eyüboğlu, Ayşe Tana Aslan, Çiğdem Öztunalı, Sedef Tunaoğlu, Ayşe Deniz Oğuz, Serdar Kula, Betül Derinkuyu, Öznur Boyunağa
Background/aim: Airway compression (AC) by vascular structures is an important complication of congenital heart disease (CHD) that often goes unrecognized. It is not easy to identify whether CHD patients require additional invasive examinations or not. Therefore, the present study aims to develop an AC diagnostic algorithm for CHD patients. Materials and methods: CHD patients with persistent respiratory symptoms that were treated between January 2007 and December 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. The following data were recorded for all CHD patients with AC: age, cardiac anomalies, the compressed structure, the airway diameter ratio (ADR), the compressing structure(s), treatment, and follow-up...
November 13, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150036/thoracic-surgery-considerations-in-the-child-and-young-adult
#3
REVIEW
Marvin D Atkins, Stephanie Fuller
Vascular rings and slings may represent life-threatening compression of the esophagus and trachea. Such anatomic variants, although rare, are encountered by all thoracic surgeons in the scope of their practice at some time. The thoracic surgeon, whether treating such patients in the practice of congenital heart surgery, or in the practice of adult cardiac or thoracic surgery must have a requisite understanding of such anatomic variants, their diagnostic workup and radiologic interpretation, as well as their surgical management...
February 2018: Thoracic Surgery Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146296/anomalous-origin-of-coronary-arteries-from-the-wrong-sinus-in-athletes-diagnosis-and-management-strategies
#4
Vincenzo Palmieri, Salvatore Gervasi, Massimiliano Bianco, Roberta Cogliani, Barbara Poscolieri, Francesco Cuccaro, Riccardo Marano, Mario Mazzari, Cristina Basso, Paolo Zeppilli
AIMS: Although anomalous origin of left (AOLCA) and right coronary artery (AORCA) from the wrong sinus may cause sudden death (SD) in athletes, early diagnosis and management of these anomalies are still challenging. We analysed clinical/instrumental profiles of athletes identified with AOLCA/AORCA focusing our attention on diagnosis, management and follow-up. METHODS AND RESULTS: We report 23 athletes (17 males, mean age 27±17yrs.), 6 with AOLCA and 17 with AORCA...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137024/effect-of-different-surgical-type-of-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-on-kidney-injury-a-propensity-score-analysis
#5
Ming-Jen Chan, Cheng-Chia Lee, Shao-Wei Chen, Feng-Chun Tsai, Pyng-Jing Lin, Pei-Chun Fan, Hsiang-Hao Hsu, Ming-Yang Chang, Yung-Chang Chen, Chih-Hsiang Chang
Acute kidney injury (AKI) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is associated with a less favorable outcome. Off-pump surgery results in lower kidney dysfunction than conventional on-pump arrest surgery. On-pump arrest surgery results in a lower revascularization rate compared with off-pump surgery. On-pump beating heart (OPBH) CABG combines the advantages of beating heart surgery and cardiopulmonary bypass. This study compared the renal outcomes of 3 cardiac surgical methods. From January 2010 to December 2012, 373 patients who underwent on-pump CABG were enrolled...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134534/current-status-of-cardiovascular-surgery-in-japan-2013-and-2014-a-report-based-on-the-japan-cardiovascular-surgery-database-jcvsd-1-mission-and-history-of-jcvsd
#6
Shinichi Takamoto, Noboru Motomura, Hiroaki Miyata, Hiroyuki Tsukihara
The Japan Cardiovascular Surgery Database (JCVSD) was created in 2000 with the support of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS). The STS database content was translated to Japanese using the same disease criteria and in 2001, data entry for adult cardiac surgeries was initiated online using the University Hospital Medical Information Network (UMIN). In 2008, data entry for congenital heart surgeries was initiated in the congenital section of JCVSD and preoperative expected mortality (JapanSCORE) in adult cardiovascular surgeries was first calculated using the risk model of JCVSD...
November 13, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131765/comprehensive-cross-sectional-imaging-of-the-pulmonary-veins
#7
Cameron Hassani, Farhood Saremi
The pulmonary veins carry oxygenated blood from the lungs to the heart, but their importance to the radiologist extends far beyond this seemingly straightforward function. The anatomy of the pulmonary veins is variable among patients, with several noteworthy variant and anomalous patterns, including supernumerary pulmonary veins, a common ostium, anomalous pulmonary venous return, and levoatriocardinal veins. Differences in pulmonary vein anatomy and the presence of variant or anomalous anatomy can be of critical importance, especially for preoperative planning of pulmonary and cardiac surgery...
November 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130036/accuracy-precision-and-trending-ability-of-electrical-cardiometry-cardiac-index-versus-continuous-pulmonary-artery-thermodilution-method-a-prospective-observational-study
#8
P B W Cox, A M den Ouden, M Theunissen, L J Montenij, A G H Kessels, M D Lancé, W F F A Buhre, M A E Marcus
Introduction: Evaluation of accuracy, precision, and trending ability of cardiac index (CI) measurements using the Aesculon™ bioimpedance electrical cardiometry (Aesc) compared to the continuous pulmonary artery thermodilution catheter (PAC) technique before, during, and after cardiac surgery. Methods: A prospective observational study with fifty patients with ASA 3-4. At six time points (T), measurements of CI simultaneously by continuous cardiac output pulmonary thermodilution and thoracic bioimpedance and standard hemodynamics were performed...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126549/predicting-new-onset-post-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-atrial-fibrillation-with-existing-risk-scores
#9
Benjamin D Pollock, Giovanni Filardo, Briget da Graca, Teresa K Phan, Gorav Ailawadi, Vinod Thourani, Ralph J Damiano, James R Edgerton
BACKGROUND: New-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) operation is associated with poorer survival. Blanket prophylaxis efforts have not appreciably decreased incidence, making targeted prevention for high-risk patients desirable. We compared predictive abilities of existing scores developed/used to predict adverse CABG outcomes (Society of Thoracic Surgeons' [STS] risk of mortality) or AF not associated with cardiac operation (the Cohorts for Heart and Aging Research in Genomic Epidemiology [CHARGE]-AF score, the CHA2DS2-VASc score), and a risk model for predicting postoperative AF following cardiac operations (POAF score), with age (the most consistently identified post-CABG AF risk factor)...
November 7, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121297/age-and-other-perioperative-risk-factors-for-postoperative-systemic-inflammatory-response-syndrome-after-cardiac-surgery
#10
J M Dieleman, L M Peelen, T G Coulson, L Tran, C M Reid, J A Smith, P S Myles, D Pilcher
Background: The inflammatory response to surgery varies considerably between individual patients. Age might be a substantial factor in this variability. Our objective was to examine the association of patient age and other potential risk factors with the occurrence of a postoperative systemic inflammatory response syndrome, during the first 24 h after cardiac surgery. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study, using linked data from the Australian and New Zealand Society of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgeons (ANZSCTS) Database and the Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society (ANZICS) Adult Patient Database...
October 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120136/postoperative-atrial-fibrillation-prophylaxis-and-lung-resection-%C3%A2-our-experience-with-608-consecutive-patients
#11
Vjekoslav Karadža, Dinko Stančić-Rokotov, Jasna Špiček Macan, Nevenka Hodoba, Nevenka Kolarić, Sanja Sakan
Postoperative atrial fibrillation is a common complication after lung resection. It is burdened by increased mortality and morbidity, prolonged hospitalization, and higher resource utilization in thoracic surgery patients. Therefore, some kind of pharmacological prophylaxis is recommended. In our patients, diltiazem, a calcium antagonist, is administered. We collected data on all 608 patients having undergone lung resection (no less than lobectomy) between November 2012 and May 2015. This period included patients having received diltiazem during their postoperative stay in our Intensive Care Unit and surgical ward, and those that did not receive it...
March 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112541/european-guidelines-on-perioperative-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-cardiovascular-and-thoracic-surgery
#12
Aamer B Ahmed, Andreas Koster, Marcus Lance, David Faraoni
: None of the predictive models for venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis have been designed for and validated in patients undergoing cardiothoracic and vascular surgery. The presence of one or more risk factors [age over 70 years old, transfusion of more than 4 U of red blood cells/fresh frozen plasma/cryoprecipitate, mechanical ventilation lasting more than 24 h, postoperative complication (e.g. acute kidney injury, infection/sepsis, neurological complication)] should place the cardiac population at high risk for VTE...
November 6, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104016/single-dose-del-nido-cardioplegia-in-minimally-invasive-aortic-valve-surgery
#13
Daniel Ziazadeh, Regina Mater, Ben Himelhoch, Andrew Borgman, Jessica L Parker, Charles L Willekes, Tomasz A Timek
OBJECTIVE: Del Nido cardioplegia (DC) offers prolonged cardiac protection with single dose administration and has been shown to be safe in adult CABG surgery. We set out to evaluate the efficacy of cardiac protection and clinical outcomes of del Nido cardioplegia versus standard blood cardioplegia (BC) in minimally invasive aortic valve surgery. METHODS: From 8/2011 to 5/2016, 178 patients underwent minimally invasive aortic valve replacement (AVR) with BC (n=101) or DC (n= 77)...
November 2, 2017: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096604/predicting-operative-mortality-in-octogenarians-for-isolated-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-surgery-a-retrospective-study
#14
Jessica G Y Luc, Michelle M Graham, Colleen M Norris, Sadek Al Shouli, Yugmel S Nijjar, Steven R Meyer
BACKGROUND: Available cardiac surgery risk scores have not been validated in octogenarians. Our objective was to compare the predictive ability of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) score, EuroSCORE I, and EuroSCORE II in elderly patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG). METHODS: All patients who underwent isolated CABG (2002 - 2008) were identified from the Alberta Provincial Project for Outcomes Assessment in Coronary Heart Disease (APPROACH) registry...
November 2, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075895/cerebral-ischaemia-following-anterior-upper-thoracic-spinal-surgery-utilizing-a-partial-manubrial-resection
#15
David Christopher Kieser, Derek Thomas Cawley, Takashi Fujishiro, Cecile Roscop, Louis Boissiere, Ibrahim Obeid, Olivier Gille, Jean-Marc Vital, Vincent Pointillart
PURPOSE: Firstly, to describe two cases of cerebral ischaemia complicating anterior upper thoracic spinal surgery and define the likely cause of this complication. Secondly, to describe preventative measures and the effect these have had in reducing this complication within our institution. METHODS: Firstly, a review of two cases of cerebral ischaemia complicating anterior upper thoracic spinal surgery utilizing a partial manubrial resection. Secondly, cadaveric dissections of the carotid arteries to determine the effect of neck positioning and aortic arch retraction during a simulated procedure...
October 26, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075499/metformin-therapy-and-postoperative-atrial-fibrillation-in-diabetic-patients-after-cardiac-surgery
#16
Suresh Basnet, Andrzej Kozikowski, Haiyan Sun, Melissa Troup, Luis E Urrutia, Renee Pekmezaris
BACKGROUND: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) commonly occurs in cardiac surgery patients. Studies suggest inflammation and oxidative stress contribute to postoperative AF development in this patient population. Metformin exerts an anti-inflammatory effect that reduces oxidative stress and thus may play a role in preventing postoperative AF. METHODS: We conducted a matched, retrospective cohort study of diabetic patients' age ≥18 undergoing a coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) and/or cardiac valve surgery from January 1, 2009, to November 30, 2014...
2017: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070457/-robotic-surgery-versus-conventional-open-chest-surgery-for-heart-tumor-a-propensity-score-matching-analysis
#17
Shuang-Lei Li, Chang-Qing Gao
OBJECTIVE: To compare conventional open chest surgery and robotic surgery for their efficacy, short?term outcomes and patient selection in the treatment of heart tumors. Method The clinical data were collected from 225 patients (a total of 228 operations) who underwent cardiac neoplasm resection in our hospital between January, 1993 and April, 2016. A propensity score matching (PSM) was established according to the vital baseline data of the patients receiving conventional open chest surgery (n=125) and robotic surgery (n=60) after screening...
October 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049838/predicting-long-term-survival-after-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery
#18
Md N Karim, Christopher M Reid, Mollah Huq, Samuel L Brilleman, Andrew Cochrane, Lavinia Tran, Baki Billah
OBJECTIVES: To develop a model for predicting long-term survival following coronary artery bypass graft surgery. METHODS: This study included 46 573 patients from the Australian and New Zealand Society of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgeons (ANZCTS) registry, who underwent isolated coronary artery bypass graft surgery between 2001 and 2014. Data were randomly split into development (23 282) and validation (23 291) samples. Cox regression models were fitted separately, using the important preoperative variables, for 4 'time intervals' (31-90 days, 91-365 days, 1-3 years and >3 years), with optimal predictors selected using the bootstrap bagging technique...
October 6, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049688/risk-of-de-novo-dialysis-after-elective-cardiac-surgery-according-to-preoperative-renal-dysfunction
#19
Raul A Borracci, Miguel Rubio, Julio Baldi, Jose L Barisani
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to estimate the risk of dialysis postoperative de novo dialysis in patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery, according to varying degrees of pre-existing renal dysfunction, and to compare the outcomes with the expected prevalence of dialysis based on several risk scores. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed over a 5-year period (2012-16) from a series of 1332 adult patients who underwent elective cardiac surgery. Patients were divided into 3 estimated creatinine clearance (eCrCl) groups: eCrCl >60 ml/min, eCrCl from 50 ml/min to 60 ml/min and eCrCl ≤49 ml/min...
August 16, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049536/preoperative-syntax-score-to-assess-the-late-outcomes-after-coronary-endarterectomy-for-the-diffusely-diseased-left-anterior-descending-artery
#20
Kosaku Nishigawa, Toshihiro Fukui, Shuichiro Takanashi
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether the preoperative Synergy between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention with TAXUS and Cardiac Surgery (SYNTAX) score was associated with late outcomes of coronary endarterectomy (CE) for the diffusely diseased left anterior descending artery (LAD). METHODS: We retrospectively analysed 205 of 212 patients undergoing CE for the diffusely diseased LAD between September 2004 and May 2016, excluding 2 patients without preoperative angiographic data and 5 redo cases...
November 1, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
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