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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645890/tailored-communication-within-mobile-apps-for-diabetes-self-management-a-systematic-review
#1
Heidi Holmen, Astrid Klopstad Wahl, Milada Cvancarova Småstuen, Lis Ribu
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of diabetes is increasing and with the requirements for self-management and risk of late complications, it remains a challenge for the individual and society. Patients can benefit from support from health care personnel in their self-management, and the traditional communication between patients and health care personnel is changing. Smartphones and apps offer a unique platform for communication, but apps with integrated health care personnel communication based on patient data are yet to be investigated to provide evidence of possible effects...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627224/real-time-smart-textile-based-system-to-monitor-pressure-offloading-of-diabetic-foot-ulcers
#2
Andrea Raviglione, Roberto Reif, Maurizio Macagno, Davide Vigano, Justin Schram, David Armstrong
BACKGROUND: The lifetime risk of developing a diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) is at least 25%. A DFU carries a 50% risk for infection and at least 20% of those receive some form of amputation. The most significant parameter that prevents or delays ulcer healing is high plantar pressure. To improve the patient's healing process, the DFU's plantar pressure should remain cumulatively low. Therefore, a tool that continuously measures the DFU loading, and provides real-time feedback can improve the healing outcome...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626972/nirca-an-artificial-neural-network-based-insulin-resistance-calculator
#3
Konrad Stawiski, Iwona Pietrzak, Wojciech Młynarski, Wojciech Fendler, Agnieszka Szadkowska
BACKGROUND: Direct measurement of insulin sensitivity in children with type 1 diabetes is cumbersome and time consuming. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to develop novel, accurate machine learning-based methods of insulin resistance estimation in children with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: A hyperinsulinemic hyperglycemic clamp study was performed to evaluate the glucose disposal rate (GDR) in a study group consisting of 315 patients aged 7...
June 19, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626953/translation-and-validation-of-the-insulin-treatment-appraisal-scale-in-hong-kong-primary-care-patients
#4
K P Lee
AIM: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) often delay the initiation or titration of insulin treatment due to psychological factors. This phenomenon is referred to as psychological insulin resistance (PIR). The insulin treatment appraisal scale (ITAS) is a 20-item instrument for assessing PIR. A previous Chinese version of the ITAS (C-ITAS) was found to be subject to problems arising from its translation. The present study aimed to translate and validate this instrument, which will facilitate research and aid in counselling in a clinical setting...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617628/pilot-study-of-a-novel-application-for-data-visualization-in-type-1-diabetes
#5
Jenise C Wong, Aaron B Neinstein, Howard Look, Brandon Arbiter, Nora Chokr, Cassie Ross, Saleh Adi
BACKGROUND: A novel software application, Blip, was created to combine and display diabetes data from multiple devices in a uniform, user-friendly manner. The objective of this study was to test the usability of this application by adults and caregivers of children with type 1 diabetes (T1D). METHODS: Patients (n = 35) and caregivers of children with T1D (n = 30) using an insulin pump for >1 year ± CGM were given access to the software for 3 months. Diabetes management practices and the use of diabetes data were assessed at baseline and at study end, and feedback was gathered in a concluding questionnaire...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616080/pedobarography-as-a-clinical-tool-in-the-management-of-diabetic-feet-in-new-zealand-a-feasibility-study
#6
Jason K Gurney, Uwe G Kersting, Dieter Rosenbaum, Ajith Dissanayake, Steve York, Roger Grech, Anthony Ng, Bobbie Milne, James Stanley, Diana Sarfati
BACKGROUND: The peripheral complications of diabetes mellitus remain a significant risk to lower-limb morbidity. In New Zealand, risk of diabetes, comorbidity and lower-limb amputation are highly-differential between demographic groups, particularly ethnicity. There is growing and convincing evidence that the use of pedobarography - or plantar pressure measurement - can usefully inform diabetic foot care, particularly with respect to the prevention of re-ulceration among high-risk patients...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615409/outcome-tools-for-diabetes-specific-quality-of-life-study-performed-in-a-private-family-practice-clinic
#7
Rajesh Nair, Paul Kachan
OBJECTIVE: To critically review and evaluate the psychometric properties and practical considerations of administering generic and diabetes-specific quality-of-life (QoL) tools in the clinical environment and provide recommendations. DATA SOURCES AND TOOL SELECTION: A MEDLINE search was carried out from January 1950 to August 2015 using the MeSH terms diabetes, quality of life, and questionnaires. Four generic and 4 diabetes-specific tools were selected based on the frequency of their use and the existence of published evidence of strong psychometric properties in patients with diabetes (either type 1 or 2)...
June 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611698/improving-assessment-of-the-spectrum-of-reward-related-eating-the-red-13
#8
Ashley E Mason, Uku Vainik, Michael Acree, A Janet Tomiyama, Alain Dagher, Elissa S Epel, Frederick M Hecht
A diversity of scales capture facets of reward-related eating (RRE). These scales assess food cravings, uncontrolled eating, addictive behavior, restrained eating, binge eating, and other eating behaviors. However, these scales differ in terms of the severity of RRE they capture. We sought to incorporate the items from existing scales to broaden the 9-item Reward-based Eating Drive scale (RED-9; Epel et al., 2014), which assesses three dimensions of RRE (lack of satiety, preoccupation with food, and lack of control over eating), in order to more comprehensively assess the entire spectrum of RRE...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611323/evaluation-of-gingival-blood-as-a-minimally-invasive-screening-tool-for-diabetes-mellitus-among-40-59-year-old-adults-in-dental-clinics-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Indumathi K Partheeban, Preetha Chaly, Indra Priyadarshni, Mohammed Junaid, J E Nijesh, S Vaishnavi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a quick, safe, and minimally invasive method to screen for diabetes using gingival blood with the help of self-monitoring glucometer during periodontal examination. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A hospital-based, cross-sectional comparative study was conducted among 40-59-year-old diabetic and nondiabetic population who had come for their master health examination to a private tertiary care hospital (Global Hospital and Health City) in Chennai. Among them, those who fulfilled the inclusion criteria were selected for the study...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605458/prioritizing-tests-of-epistasis-through-hierarchical-representation-of-genomic-redundancies
#10
Tyler Cowman, Mehmet Koyutürk
Epistasis is defined as a statistical interaction between two or more genomic loci in terms of their association with a phenotype of interest. Epistatic loci that are identified using data from Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWAS) provide insights into the interplay among multiple genetic factors, with applications including assessment of susceptibility to complex diseases, decision making in precision medicine, and gaining insights into disease mechanisms. Since the number of genomic loci assayed by GWAS is extremely large (usually in the order of millions), identification of epistatic loci is a statistically difficult and computationally intensive problem...
June 9, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603116/anti-diabetic-and-hypolipidemic-effects-of-extract-from-the-seed-of-gossypium-herbaceum-l-in-alloxan-induced-diabetic-rabbits
#11
Rifat Uzzaman, Maida Ghaffar
Anti-diabetic and hypolipidemic effects of seed of Gossypium herbaceum L (GH) and its aqueous and ethanol extracts were investigated in alloxan-induced diabetic rabbits. Normal, Alloxan-induced diabetic and treated groups of rabbit were examined for their serum glucose, triglyceride, cholesterol, creatinine and urea levels. Water/food intake and toxic effect of test substances were also observed in treated rabbits. Effect of test agents on architecture of pancreatic β-cells was evaluated histopathologically in rabbits...
January 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601890/risk-score-for-detecting-dysglycemia-a-cross-sectional-study-of-a-working-age-population-in-an-oil-field-in-china
#12
Xiubiao Tian, Yan Liu, Ying Han, Jieli Shi, Tiehong Zhu
BACKGROUND Dysglycemia (pre-diabetes or diabetes) in young adults has increased rapidly. However, the risk scores for detecting dysglycemia in oil field staff and workers in China are limited. This study developed a risk score for the early identification of dysglycemia based on epidemiological and health examination data in an oil field working-age population with increased risk of diabetes. MATERIAL AND METHODS Multivariable logistic regression was used to develop the risk score model in a population-based, cross-sectional study...
June 11, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597452/impact-of-the-triglyceride-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-ratio-and-the-hypertriglyceremic-waist-phenotype-to-predict-the-metabolic-syndrome-and-insulin-resistance
#13
Helene von Bibra, Sarama Saha, Alexander Hapfelmeier, Gabriele Müller, Peter E H Schwarz
Insulin resistance is the underlying mechanism for the metabolic syndrome and associated dyslipidaemia that theoretically implies a practical tool for identifying individuals at risk for cardiovascular disease and type-2-diabetes. Another screening tool is the hypertriglyceremic-waist phenotype (HTW). There is important impact of the ethnic background but a lack of studied European populations for the association of the triglyceride/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) ratio and insulin resistance. This observational, retrospective study evaluated lipid ratios and the HTW for predicting the metabolic syndrome/insulin resistance in 1932 non-diabetic individuals from Germany in the fasting state and during a glucose tolerance test...
June 8, 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591246/translation-and-adaptation-of-perception-of-severity-of-chronic-illness-to-the-brazilian-culture-for-adolescents
#14
Isabel de Moraes Lopes, Priscila Peruzzo Apolinario, Maria Helena de Melo Lima
Objective: To translate, adapt, and evaluate the applicability of the "Perception of Severity of Chronic Illness" questionnaire to the Brazilian culture for diabetic adolescents. Methods: This is a methodological study consisting of the stages of translation, synthesis of translations, back translation, review by an expert committee, and pre-test. The expert judges evaluated semantic, idiomatic, conceptual, and cultural equivalences. The judges' concordance was quantified using the Content Validity Index...
May 29, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589531/how-can-clinical-practices-pragmatically-increase-physical-activity-for-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Kelsey A Luoma, Ian M Leavitt, Joel C Marrs, Andrea L Nederveld, Judith G Regensteiner, Andrea L Dunn, Russell E Glasgow, Amy G Huebschmann
Although regular physical activity (PA) is a cornerstone of treatment for type 2 diabetes (T2D), most adults with T2D are sedentary. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have proven the effectiveness of PA behavioral interventions for adults with T2D but have rarely been conducted in healthcare settings. We sought to identify PA interventions that are effective and practical to implement in clinical practice settings. Our first aim was to use the valid Pragmatic-Explanatory Continuum Indicator Summary 2 (PRECIS-2) tool to assess the potential for future implementation of PA interventions in clinical practice settings...
June 6, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589381/the-diagnostic-value-of-glycated-albumin-in-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#16
Jieping Zhu, Yu Chen, Changbin Li, Minfang Tao, Yincheng Teng
PURPOSE: Our objective was to compare the diagnostic performance of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), GA, and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) for the diagnosis of GDM. METHODS: Women at their late second or early third trimesters seen from October 2011 to April 2012 were studied. GDM was diagnosed based on oral glucose tolerance test results, and GA and HbA1c were measured at the same time. Patients were divided into two groups (with and without GDM), and areas under the receiver-operating characteristic curves (AUCs) were calculated to determine the diagnostic value of FPG, GA, and HbA1c...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585130/factors-associated-with-peripheral-neuropathy-in-type-2-diabetes-subclinical-versus-confirmed-neuropathy
#17
Yogendranathsing Unmar, Mohammad Ishraq Zafar, Feng Gao
This study determined the prevalence of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) and subclinical DPN (sDPN) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) using nerve conduction study (NCS) as a diagnostic tool. We also investigated the factors associated with the development of sDPN and compared factors between the sDPN and confirmed DPN (cDPN). This cross-sectional study involved 240 T2DM patients who were successively admitted to the endocrinology wards of Wuhan Union Hospital over the period of January to December 2014...
June 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581270/potential-association-of-triglyceride-glucose-index-with-cardiac-autonomic-neuropathy-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients
#18
Md Akbar, Uma Bhandari, Anwar Habib, Razi Ahmad
Cardiac autonomic neuropathy (CAN) is a common and most neglected complication of diabetes, estimated to be roughly 8% in recently diagnosed patients and greater than 50% in patients with chronic disease history. The insulin resistance (IR) itself is bidirectionally associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and CAN is a predisposing factor. The primary objective of the present study was aimed to find a correlation of triglyceride glucose index (TyG index) in CAN patients along with the prevalence of CAN in T2DM patients as a secondary objective...
July 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578442/depression-and-anxiety-among-hypertensive-and-diabetic-primary-health-care-patients-could-patients-perception-of-their-diseases-control-be-used-as-a-screening-tool
#19
Abdullah D AlKhathami, Mohamed A Alamin, Areej M Alqahtani, Wafaa Y Alsaeed, Mohammed A AlKhathami, Abdulazeez H Al-Dhafeeri
To measure the frequency and identify risk factors of depression and anxiety among diabetic and hypertensive primary health care (PHC) patients. Also to assess whether patients' perception of their chronic diseases control and sleep disturbance could serve as screening tools for depression and anxiety. Methods: This cross-sectional study of 368 PHC patients was conducted in AlKhobar city, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between April and May 2015. Patient Health Questionnaire-9 and Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 were used as diagnostic tools for depression and anxiety...
June 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572855/skin-autofluorescence-a-non-invasive-biomarker-for-advanced-glycation-end-products-is-associated-with-the-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-individual-components
#20
Robert P van Waateringe, Sandra N Slagter, Andre P van Beek, Melanie M van der Klauw, Jana V van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, Reindert Graaff, Andrew D Paterson, Helen L Lutgers, Bruce H R Wolffenbuttel
BACKGROUND: The metabolic syndrome (MetS) comprises several cardiometabolic risk factors associated with increased risk for both type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Skin autofluorescence (SAF), a non-invasive biomarker of advanced glycation end products accumulation, is associated with cardiovascular complications in subjects with diabetes. The aim of the present study was to examine the association between SAF and the presence of MetS as well as its individual components in a general population...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
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