keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Dehydration in children

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756987/can-pediatricians-recognize-eating-disorders-a-case-study-of-early-onset-anorexia-nervosa-in-a-male-child
#1
Emel Ataş Berksoy, Gonca Özyurt, Murat Anıl, Özlem Üzüm, Yeliz Çağan Appak
INTRODUCTION: this article examines a boy who was diagnosed with anorexia nervosa at eight years old. Pediatricians and family physicians encountered difficulties during the diagnosis and treatment stages due to the fact that early onset of the disease is rare. CASE REPORT: a boy aged eight years and four months presented with bradicardia, malnutrition and dehydration as far away from the preliminary diagnosis of anorexia nervosa investigated for possible organic pathologies at the pediatric ward...
February 27, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747671/metabolic-acidosis-as-food-protein-induced-enterocolitis-syndrome-fpies-onset-in-a-newborn
#2
Antonella Peduto, Mario Rocca, Cinzia De Maio, Federica Gallarotti, Giulia Pomero, Paolo Gancia
BACKGROUND: FPIES (Food Protein Induced Eneterolitis Syndrome) is a rare non IgE- mediated food allergy, usually affecting infants and children after first months of life. Clinical presentation is heterogeneous, usually characterised by repetitive vomiting and diarrhoea, lethargy, failure to thrive until to dehydration with hypotension and shock. The diagnosis is based on clinical criteria, after excludind other hypothetical conditions. Early recognition of FPIES is essential to set a correct dietatay management that is resolving for the patient...
May 10, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723923/a-humidifier-in-the-invasive-mode-during-non-invasive-respiratory-support-could-increase-condensation-and-thereby-impair-airway-patency
#3
Rutger C Flink, Anton H van Kaam, Frans H de Jongh
AIM: Humidifying non-invasively ventilated preterm infants is critical to prevent dehydration of respiratory mucosa, but over humidification can result in impaired airway patency and lung mechanics. This neonatal bench study investigated the humidity delivered using invasive and non-invasive humidification modes during nasal continuous positive airway pressure. METHODS: The study was conducted at the neonatal intensive care unit of Emma Children's Hospital, the Netherlands, in March 2014...
May 3, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701852/epidemiology-and-risk-factors-for-cryptosporidiosis-in-children-from-eight-low-income-sites-results-from-the-mal-ed-study
#4
Poonum S Korpe, Cristian Valencia, Rashidul Haque, Mustafa Mahfuz, Monica McGrath, Eric Houpt, Margaret Kosek, Benjamin J J McCormick, Pablo Penataro Yori, Sudhir Babji, Gagandeep Kang, Dennis Lang, Michael Gottlieb, Amidou Samie, Pascal Bessong, A S G Faruque, Esto Mduma, Rosemary Nshama, Alexandre Havt, Ila F N Lima, Aldo A M Lima, Ladaporn Bodhidatta, Ashish Shreshtha, William A Petri, Tahmeed Ahmed, Priya Duggal
Background: Cryptosporidium spp are enteric protozoa that cause significant morbidity and mortality in children worldwide. We characterized the epidemiology of Cryptosporidium in children from eight resource-limited sites of the MAL-ED study. Methods: Children were enrolled within 17 days of birth, and followed twice weekly for 24 months. Diarrheal and monthly surveillance stool samples were tested for Cryptosporidium by ELISA. Socioeconomic data were collected by survey and anthropometry was measured monthly...
April 26, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694356/impact-of-confinement-housing-on-study-end-points-in-the-calf-model-of-cryptosporidiosis
#5
Geneva Graef, Natalie J Hurst, Lance Kidder, Tracy L Sy, Laura B Goodman, Whitney D Preston, Samuel L M Arnold, Jennifer A Zambriski
BACKGROUND: Diarrhea is the second leading cause of death in children < 5 years globally and the parasite genus Cryptosporidium is a leading cause of that diarrhea. The global disease burden attributable to cryptosporidiosis is substantial and the only approved chemotherapeutic, nitazoxanide, has poor efficacy in HIV positive children. Chemotherapeutic development is dependent on the calf model of cryptosporidiosis, which is the best approximation of human disease. However, the model is not consistently applied across research studies...
April 25, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692663/uncommon-reasons-of-the-digestive-tract-related-paraneoplastic-syndromes-in-children-with-neuroblastic-tumors-three-case-reports
#6
Elżbieta Czkwianianc, Beata Zalewska-Szewczyk, Józef Kobos, Anna Socha-Banasiak, Szymon Janczar, Sylwia Prymus-Kasińska, Joanna Kazanek-Zasada, Wojciech Młynarski
Aim of the study: presentation of the uncommon paraneoplastic syndromes related to the gastrointestinal tract that may occur in children with neuroblastic tumors and their impact on the disease course. Material and methods: Retrospective analysis of three cases of patients mainly with digestive tract-related symptoms, who were originally admitted to the gastroenterology department from 2013 to 2016 and were finally diagnosed with neuroblastic tumors. Results: The clinical data analysis showed that the symptoms from gastrointestinal tract were dominant in analyzed subjects...
2018: Contemporary Oncology Współczesna Onkologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692312/cryptosporidiosis-outbreak-in-immunocompetent-children-from-a-remote-area-of-french-guiana
#7
Emilie Mosnier, Noémie Martin, Romy Razakandrainibe, Frédéric Dalle, Guillaume Roux, Arnaud Buteux, Loïc Favennec, Paul Brousse, Basma Guarmit, Denis Blanchet, Loïc Epelboin, Camille Girouin, Elise Martin, Félix Djossou, Mathieu Nacher, Magalie Demar
In September 2014, an increase in the number of Cryptosporidium spp. gastrointestinal tract infections was reported over a 6-month period among children living in a remote area along the Maroni River in French Guiana. Children presented gastroenteritis symptoms with Cryptosporidium -positive stools. Questionnaires were administered and stool examinations were controlled 3 months after the onset of symptoms. Data collection included demographics, food consumption, river behavior, symptoms, and outcome. Stool specimens were tested using microscopy and polymerase chain reaction...
April 23, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690971/clinical-spectrum-and-outcome-of-cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis-in-children
#8
Iram Javed, Tipu Sultan, Zia Ur Rehman, Muhammad Rizwan Yaseen
OBJECTIVE: To determine clinical spectrum, neuroimaging finding and outcome of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) in children. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive and cross-sectional study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Paediatric Neurology, Children's Hospital and Institute of Child Health, Lahore, from 2015 to 2016. METHODOLOGY: Data was collected in a predesigned proforma by non-probability purposive sampling technique from all enrolled 32 patients fulfilling the inclusion criteria...
May 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686490/autonomic-instability-in-a-dehydrated-child-on-guanfacine-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
Elizabeth Roach-Fox, Eva Welisch, Amrita Sarpal
An 8-year-old girl on guanfacine extended-release (GXR) for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder presented with somnolence, bradycardia and hypotension during a heat wave. No overdose was suspected. She was admitted to the intensive care unit for monitoring and ongoing fluid resuscitation for hypotension. Electrocardiogram showed intermittent atrioventricular dissociation. Upon restarting the drug post-discharge, blood pressures were normal, and follow-up electrocardiograms documented asymptomatic bradycardia but no dissociation...
April 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643892/association-of-in-hospital-outcome-of-acute-kidney-injury-aki-with-etiology-among-newborns-at-a-tertiary-care-unit
#10
Muhammad Asghar Ali, Abdur Rehman, Ejaz Ahmed
Objective: To determine association of in-hospital outcome of AKI with etiology in newborns at a tertiary care hospital. Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at Department of Pediatric Neonatology, The Children's Hospital and Institute of the Child Health, Multan by using non-probability purposive sampling technique from June 2016 to June 2017. A total of 101 newborns diagnosed with acute kidney injury were registered. Etiological factors were assessed and these patients were followed till discharge to monitor in-hospital outcomes...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629685/evaluating-the-effect-of-ward-based-outreach-teams-on-primary-healthcare-performance-in-north-west-province-south-africa-a-plausibility-design-using-routine-data
#11
T Assegaai, G Reagon, H Schneider
BACKGROUND: North West Province (NWP), South Africa, was an early adopter of the primary healthcare (PHC) ward-based outreach team (WBOT) strategy and has made considerable progress in implementing it. Given the interest in and expectations of greater investment in WBOTs, assessing their impact on and contribution to PHC outputs and health outcomes is becoming increasingly important. OBJECTIVES: To describe the application of a plausibility evaluation design for assessing the contribution of WBOTs to PHC performance in NWP, comparing changes in coverage, utilisation and outcome indicators in facilities with and without WBOTs...
March 28, 2018: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622321/evaluation-and-management-of-dehydration-in-children
#12
REVIEW
Genevieve Santillanes, Emily Rose
The article discusses the evaluation of dehydration in children and reviews the literature on physical findings of dehydration. Pediatric dehydration is a common problem in emergency departments and wide practice variation in treatment exists. Dehydration can be treated with oral, nasogastric, subcutaneous, or intravenous fluids. Although oral rehydration is underutilized in the United States, most children with dehydration can be successfully rehydrated via the oral route. Selection of oral rehydration solution and techniques for successful oral rehydration are presented...
May 2018: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587714/varicella-in-poland-economic-burden-in-children-1-12-years-of-age-in-poland-2010-2015
#13
Jacek Wysocki, Ilona Malecka, Joanna Stryczynska-Kazubska, Emmanouil Rampakakis, Barbara Kuter, Lara J Wolfson
BACKGROUND: The safety and efficacy of live-attenuated varicella zoster virus (VZV) vaccines in preventing varicella and reducing associated morbidity and mortality in real-world have been previously shown. In Poland, VZV vaccination is only mandatory for certain high-risk individuals. Here, we have conducted an evaluation of the clinical and economic burden of varicella in Poland. METHODS: Multicenter, retrospective chart review of varicella inpatients and outpatients aged 1-12 years with a primary diagnosis between 2010 and 2015...
March 27, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553435/oral-zinc-supplementation-for-children-with-acute-diarrhoea-a-quasi-experimental-study
#14
Rola Abu Dalfa, Khaled I Abu El Aish, Mohamed El Raai, Nermeen El Gazaly, Ahmed Shatat
BACKGROUND: Diarrhoea causes 15% of under-5 mortality in developing countries. Zinc (Zn) stores in the body are known to be depleted during acute diarrhoea. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Zn given with standard treatment to children with acute or moderate diarrhoea. METHODS: In this quasi-unmasked, parallel-group study, we enrolled children with diarrhoea at El-Dorra Paediatric Hospital, Gaza Strip, occupied Palestinian territory. Inclusion criteria were children with more than three unformed stools in the preceding 24 h, duration of diarrhoea up to 72 h, and ability to accept oral fluids or feeds...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550406/efficacy-of-a-single-dose-regimen-of-inactivated-whole-cell-oral-cholera-vaccine-results-from-2-years-of-follow-up-of-a-randomised-trial
#15
Firdausi Qadri, Mohammad Ali, Julia Lynch, Fahima Chowdhury, Ashraful Islam Khan, Thomas F Wierzba, Jean-Louis Excler, Amit Saha, Md Taufiqul Islam, Yasmin A Begum, Taufiqur R Bhuiyan, Farhana Khanam, Mohiul I Chowdhury, Iqbal Ansary Khan, Alamgir Kabir, Baizid Khoorshid Riaz, Afroza Akter, Arifuzzaman Khan, Muhammad Asaduzzaman, Deok Ryun Kim, Ashraf U Siddik, Nirod C Saha, Alejandro Cravioto, Ajit P Singh, John D Clemens
BACKGROUND: A single-dose regimen of inactivated whole-cell oral cholera vaccine (OCV) is attractive because it reduces logistical challenges for vaccination and could enable more people to be vaccinated. Previously, we reported the efficacy of a single dose of an OCV vaccine during the 6 months following dosing. Herein, we report the results of 2 years of follow-up. METHODS: In this placebo-controlled, double-blind trial done in Dhaka, Bangladesh, individuals aged 1 year or older with no history of receipt of OCV were randomly assigned to receive a single dose of inactivated OCV or oral placebo...
March 14, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543971/association-between-age-and-weight-as-risk-factors-for-complication-after-tonsillectomy-in-healthy-children
#16
Claire M Lawlor, Charles A Riley, John M Carter, Kimsey H Rodriguez
Importance: The 1996 Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy Inpatient Guidelines of the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) Pediatric Otolaryngology Committee recommended that children younger than 3 years be admitted following tonsillectomy. Recommendations for hospital observation were not included as a key action statement in the 2011 AAO-HNS Clinical Practice Guidelines for Tonsillectomy in Children. Objective: To examine the association between posttonsillectomy complication rate and the age and weight of the child at the time of surgery...
March 15, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532511/hypoglycaemia-was-common-in-acute-gastroenteritis-in-a-prospective-hospital-based-study-but-electrolyte-imbalances-were-not
#17
Mohammed Qadori, Elmira Flem, Terese Bekkevold, Henrik Døllner, Ann Marit Gilje, Astrid Rojahn, Ketil Størdal
AIM: Using routine blood sampling in a gastroenteritis diagnostic workup is debatable. This study examined the relationship between the severity of acute gastroenteritis and blood test abnormalities. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled children under five years of age referred for outpatient or inpatient management for gastroenteritis from February 2014 to April 2016. The four study hospitals cared for 30% of Norwegian children. The severity of gastroenteritis was assessed using Vesikari scores...
March 13, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528889/new-directions-in-point-of-care-ultrasound-at-the-crossroads-of-paediatric-emergency-and-critical-care
#18
William Bortcosh, Ashkon Shaahinfar, Sakina Sojar, Jean E Klig
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The diagnostic capability, efficiency and versatility of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) have enabled its use in paediatric emergency medicine (PEM) and paediatric critical care (PICU). This review highlights the current applications of POCUS for the critically ill child across PEM and PICU to identify areas of progress and standardized practice and to elucidate areas for future research. RECENT FINDINGS: POCUS technology continues to evolve and advance bedside clinical care for critically ill children, with ongoing research extending its use for an array of clinical scenarios, including respiratory distress, trauma and dehydration...
June 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527518/management-of-diarrhoeal-dehydration-in-childhood-a-review-for-clinicians-in-developing-countries
#19
REVIEW
Emmanuel Ademola Anigilaje
The survival of a child with severe volume depletion at the emergency department depends on the competency of the first responder to recognize and promptly treat hypovolemic shock. Although the basic principles on fluid and electrolytes therapy have been investigated for decades, the topic remains a challenge, as consensus on clinical management protocol is difficult to reach, and more adverse events are reported from fluid administration than for any other drug. While the old principles proposed by Holliday and Segar, and Finberg have stood the test of time, recent systematic reviews and meta-analyses have highlighted the risk of hyponatraemia, and hyponatraemic encephalopathy in some children treated with hypotonic fluids...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501287/nationwide-readmissions-after-tonsillectomy-among-pediatric-patients-united-states
#20
Romaine F Johnson, Andrew Chang, Ron B Mitchell
OBJECTIVES: 1) Investigate incidence and predictors of readmissions after tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy (T&A) in children. 2) Identify factors that may predict readmission. SETTINGS: Nationwide cross-sectional survey of US hospital admissions. SUBJECTS: and Methods: The 2013 Nationwide Readmission Database (NRD) was used to examine all-cause readmissions within 30 days of T&A in children (age <18 years). Logistic regression was used to analyze the associations of demographics, diagnosis, insurance status, length of index stay, and median household income with readmission...
April 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
keyword
keyword
84754
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"