keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Dehydration in children

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140238/the-effects-of-malnutrition-and-diarrhea-type-on-the-accuracy-of-clinical-signs-of-dehydration-in-children-under-five-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-bangladesh
#1
Kelly Skrable, Saadiyah Bilal, Rashmi Sharma, Sarah Robertson, Yokabed Ashenafi, Sabiha Nasrin, Nur H Alam, Adam C Levine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140236/impact-of-childhood-nutritional-status-on-pathogen-prevalence-and-severity-of-acute-diarrhea
#2
Kirkby D Tickell, Patricia B Pavlinac, Grace C John-Stewart, Donna M Denno, Barbra A Richardson, Jaqueline M Naulikha, Ronald K Kirera, Brett E Swierczewski, Benson O Singa, Judd L Walson
Children with acute and chronic malnutrition are at increased risk of morbidity and mortality following a diarrheal episode. To compare diarrheal disease severity and pathogen prevalence among children with and without acute and chronic malnutrition, we conducted a cross-sectional study of human immunodeficiency virus-uninfected Kenyan children aged 6-59 months, who presented with acute diarrhea. Children underwent clinical and anthropometric assessments and provided stool for bacterial and protozoal pathogen detection...
November 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127768/diabetic-ketoacidosis-hyperuricemia-and-encephalopathy-intractable-to-regular-dose-insulin
#3
Jillian Gregory, Sonali Basu
BACKGROUND: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) in children less than 1 year of age is a rare occurrence. Typical presentation includes a prodrome of weight loss and polyuria with subsequent presentation to medical care when acidosis becomes symptomatic. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe an unusual case of a previously healthy infant with a 3 days' history of constipation, presenting acutely with abdominal pain, lethargy, and dehydration. On initial evaluation, our patient had profound encephalopathy, with marked tachypnea and work of breathing...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123841/post-traumatic-hypopituitarism-report-of-a-child-case
#4
Makoto Aoki, Shuichi Hagiwara, Masato Murata, Minoru Kaneko, Masahiko Kanbe, Jun Nakajima, Yusuke Sawada, Yoshio Ohyama, Jun'ichi Tamura, Kiyohiro Oshima
Case: We report a case of post-traumatic hypopituitarism in a 9-year-old boy who was injured in a car accident. Outcome: Post-traumatic hypopituitarism might be caused by moderate to severe head trauma, and while this possibility has recently drawn attention in adults, few reports are available regarding children. Our patient experienced head and facial injury, resulting in post-traumatic hypopituitarism. Six hours after injury he suffered from diabetes insipidus and hormone replacement therapy was started...
January 2017: Acute Medicine & Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123577/abo-blood-grouping-in-egyptian-children-with-rotavirus-gastroenteritis
#5
Hala Gouda Elnady, Ola M Abdel Samie, Maysa Tawhid Saleh, Lobna S Sherif, Naglaa Abdalmoneam, Naglaa M Kholoussi, Shams M Kholoussi, Ahmed N El-Taweel
Introduction: Rotavirus gastroenteritis is an important public health problem all over the world, causing a notable economic burden in both developing and developed countries. Aim: To explore the relationship between blood group typing, rotavirus gastroenteritis, and its severity in Egyptian children. Material and methods: A cross sectional case control study was conducted on 231 cases of acute gastroenteritis attending the outpatient clinic of Al-Zahraa University Hospital...
2017: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119972/rotavirus-infection
#6
REVIEW
Sue E Crawford, Sasirekha Ramani, Jacqueline E Tate, Umesh D Parashar, Lennart Svensson, Marie Hagbom, Manuel A Franco, Harry B Greenberg, Miguel O'Ryan, Gagandeep Kang, Ulrich Desselberger, Mary K Estes
Rotavirus infections are a leading cause of severe, dehydrating gastroenteritis in children <5 years of age. Despite the global introduction of vaccinations for rotavirus over a decade ago, rotavirus infections still result in >200,000 deaths annually, mostly in low-income countries. Rotavirus primarily infects enterocytes and induces diarrhoea through the destruction of absorptive enterocytes (leading to malabsorption), intestinal secretion stimulated by rotavirus non-structural protein 4 and activation of the enteric nervous system...
November 9, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119578/carotid-flow-time-test-performance-for-the-detection-of-dehydration-in-children-with-diarrhea
#7
David C Mackenzie, Sabiha Nasrin, Bita Atika, Payal Modi, Nur H Alam, Adam C Levine
OBJECTIVES: Unstructured clinical assessments of dehydration in children are inaccurate. Point-of-care ultrasound is a noninvasive diagnostic tool that can help evaluate the volume status; the corrected carotid artery flow time has been shown to predict volume depletion in adults. We sought to determine the ability of the corrected carotid artery flow time to identify dehydration in a population of children presenting with acute diarrhea in Dhaka, Bangladesh. METHODS: Children presenting with acute diarrhea were recruited and rehydrated according to hospital protocols...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101428/composition-of-urinary-calculi-in-infants-a-report-from-an-endemic-country
#8
Mirza Naqi Zafar, Salma Ayub, Hafsa Tanwri, Syed Ali Anwar Naqvi, Syed Adibul Hasan Rizvi
Pediatric urolithiasis remains endemic in low-resource countries where infants constitute 17-40% of all children with urolithiasis. This study reports socio-economic factors, medical history and chemical composition of urinary stones in 976 infants of up to 2 years of age. Between 1992 and 2016, 976 infants presented to our institute with 1038 stones. Chemical composition of stones was analyzed by Fourier transformation infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The mean age of infants was 19.5 ± 5.74 months with a M:F ratio of 5...
November 3, 2017: Urolithiasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097339/comparable-outcomes-among-trial-and-non-trial-participants-in-a-clinical-trial-of-antibiotics-for-childhood-pneumonia-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#9
Ambrose Agweyu, Jacquie Oliwa, David Gathara, Naomi Muinga, Elizabeth Allen, Richard J Lilford, Mike English
OBJECTIVE: We compared characteristics and outcomes of children enrolled in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) comparing oral amoxicillin and benzyl penicillin for the treatment of chest indrawing pneumonia versus children who received routine care to determine the external validity of the trial results. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We undertook a retrospective cohort study of children aged 2 - 59 months admitted in six Kenyan hospitals. Data for non-trial participants were extracted from inpatient records upon conclusion of the RCT...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090271/oral-rehydration-of-malnourished-children-with-diarrhoea-and-dehydration-a-systematic-review
#10
Kirsty A Houston, Jack G Gibb, Kathryn Maitland
Background: Diarrhoea complicates over half of admissions to hospital with severe acute malnutrition (SAM). World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines for the management of dehydration recommend the use of oral rehydration with ReSoMal (an oral rehydration solution (ORS) for SAM), which has lower sodium (45mmols/l) and higher potassium (40mmols/l) content than old WHO ORS. The composition of ReSoMal was designed specifically to address theoretical risks of sodium overload and potential under-treatment of severe hypokalaemia with rehydration using standard ORS...
2017: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089317/diagnostic-accuracy-of-three-clinical-dehydration-scales-a-systematic-review
#11
Anna Falszewska, Hania Szajewska, Piotr Dziechciarz
OBJECTIVE: To systematically assess the diagnostic accuracy of the Clinical Dehydration Scale (CDS), the WHO Scale and the Gorelick Scale in identifying dehydration in children with acute gastroenteritis (AGE). DESIGN: Three databases, two registers of clinical trials and the reference lists from identified articles were searched for diagnostic accuracy studies in children with AGE. The index tests were the CDS, WHO Scale and Gorelick Scale, and reference standard was the percentage loss of body weight...
October 31, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077725/ondansetron-treatment-reduces-rotavirus-symptoms-a-randomized-double-blinded-placebo-controlled-trial
#12
Marie Hagbom, Daniel Novak, Malin Ekström, Younis Khalid, Maria Andersson, Magnus Lindh, Johan Nordgren, Lennart Svensson
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus and norovirus cause acute gastroenteritis with severe diarrhoea and vomiting, symptoms that may lead to severe dehydration and death. The objective of this randomized double-blinded placebo-controlled study was to investigate whether ondansetron, a serotonin receptor antagonist could attenuate rotavirus- and norovirus-induced vomiting and diarrhoea, which would facilitate oral rehydration and possibly accelerate recovery and reduce need for hospitalization. METHODS: Children with acute gastroenteritis, aged 6 months to 16 years where enrolled (n = 104) and randomized to one single oral dose (0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068049/the-safety-and-efficacy-of-powered-intracapsular-tonsillectomy-in-children-a-meta-analysis
#13
Ho Seok Lee, Ho Young Yoon, Ho Joon Jin, Se Hwan Hwang
OBJECTIVES: We performed a systemic review and meta-analysis regarding the postoperative pain, perioperative, and postoperative morbidity of powered intracapsular tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (PITA) using a microdebrider as a method of tonsillectomy. DATA SOURCES: Five databases (PubMed, Scopus, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials) in their entirety through March 2017. REVIEW METHODS: We included studies in which there was a comparison between groups of patients who underwent PITA (PITA group) and those who had extracapsular tonsillectomy (control group)...
October 25, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057220/iatrogenic-dysnatremias-in-children-with-acute-gastroenteritis-in-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#14
Silviu Grisaru, Jianling Xie, Susan Samuel, Stephen B Freedman
BACKGROUND: Acute gastroenteritis (AGE) causing dehydration with or without dysnatremias is a common childhood health challenge. While it is accepted that oral rehydration therapy is preferred, clinical factors or parent and healthcare provider preferences may lead to intravenous rehydration (IVR). Isotonic solutions are increasingly recommended in most scenarios requiring IVR. Nevertheless, children with AGE, having ongoing losses of water and electrolytes, represent a unique population...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019759/non-catheter-related-venous-thromboembolism-in-children-imaging-review-from-head-to-toe
#15
Mougnyan Cox, Monica Epelman, Tushar Chandra, Arthur B Meyers, Craig M Johnson, Daniel J Podberesky
Non-catheter-related venous thromboembolism (VTE) is less common in children than in adults. Although the presence of a central venous catheter is the most common cause of venous thrombosis in children, infection and inflammation, malignancy, hypercoagulability, dehydration, and certain sites of normal variant and pathologic anatomic narrowing all predispose to VTE in children. The mortality and morbidity of VTE vary according to the underlying cause, including whether malignancy is present. Various modalities including ultrasonography (US), computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging can be used to image VTE, with some modalities better suited to particular parts of the body and clinical scenarios than others...
October 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018599/qualitative-study-of-healthcare-providers-current-practice-patterns-and-barriers-to-successful-rehydration-for-pediatric-diarrheal-illnesses-in-kenya
#16
Darlene R House, Philip Cheptinga, Daniel E Rusyniak, Rachel C Vreeman
BACKGROUND: For children worldwide, diarrhea is the second leading cause of death. These deaths are preventable by fluid resuscitation. Nasogastric tubes (NGs) have been shown to be equivalent to intravenous fluids for rehydration and recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) for use in severe dehydration. Despite this, NGs are rarely used for rehydration in Kenya. Our objective was to evaluate clinicians' adherence to rehydration guidelines and to identify barriers to the use of NGs for resuscitating dehydrated children...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991506/reproduction-alters-hydration-state-but-does-not-impact-the-positive-effects-of-dehydration-on-innate-immune-function-in-children-s-pythons-antaresia-childreni
#17
George A Brusch, Gopal Billy, Joseph N Blattman, Dale F DeNardo
Resource availability can impact immune function, with the majority of studies of such influences focusing on the allocation of energy investment into immune versus other physiological functions. When energy is a limited resource, performance trade-offs can result, compromising immunity. Dehydration is also considered a physiological challenge resulting from the limitation of a vital resource, yet previous research has found a positive relationship between dehydration and innate immune performance. However, these studies did not examine the effects of dehydration on immunity when there was another concurrent, substantial physiological challenge...
November 2017: Physiological and Biochemical Zoology: PBZ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988665/the-epidemiology-of-non-typhoidal-salmonella-gastroenteritis-and-campylobacter-gastroenteritis-in-pediatric-inpatients-in-northern-taiwan
#18
Chien-Fang Tseng, Nan-Chang Chiu, Ching-Ying Huang, Daniel Tsung-Ning Huang, Lung Chang, Yen-Hsin Kung, Fu-Yuan Huang, Hsin Chi
BACKGROUND: Campylobacter and Non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) are the two most common bacterial pathogens associated with acute gastroenteritis in children. This study aims to elucidate the epidemiology of Campylobacter and NTS gastroenteritis and develop a scoring system to differentiate them. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled 886 children ≤18 years of age, hospitalized due to acute gastroenteritis with stool culture-proven Campylobacter or NTS infection from July 2012 to December 2015...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988226/severe-complications-after-initial-management-of-hyperglycemic-hyperosmolar-syndrome-and-diabetic-ketoacidosis-with-a-standard-diabetic-ketoacidosis-protocol
#19
Bimota Nambam, Emily Menefee, Neslihan Gungor, Robert Mcvie
Hyperglycemic hyperosmolar syndrome (HHS) is a clinical entity not identical to diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), and with a markedly higher mortality. Children with HHS can also present with concomitant DKA. Patients with HHS (with or without DKA) are profoundly dehydrated but often receive inadequate fluid resuscitation as well as intravenous insulin therapy based on traditional DKA protocols, and this can lead to devastating consequences. In this article, we briefly review HHS along with a report of an adolescent who presented with HHS and DKA and was initially managed as DKA...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953928/age-specific-fast-breathing-in-under-five-diarrheal-children-in-an-urban-hospital-acidosis-or-pneumonia
#20
Sharika Nuzhat, Tahmeed Ahmed, Chowdhury Ali Kawser, Azharul Islam Khan, S M Rafiqul Islam, Lubaba Shahrin, K M Shahunja, Abu S M S B Shahid, Abdullah Al Imran, Mohammod Jobayer Chisti
BACKGROUND: Children with diarrhea often present with fast breathing due to metabolic acidosis from dehydration. On the other hand, age specific fast breathing is the cornerstone for the diagnosis of pneumonia following classification of pneumonia recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO). Correction of metabolic acidosis by rehydrating the diarrheal children requires time, which delays early initiation of appropriate antimicrobials for pneumonia and thereby increases the risk of deaths...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
84754
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"