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Smoking and wbc count

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956553/benzene-exposure-from-the-bp-refinery-flaring-incident-alters-hematological-and-hepatic-functions-among-smoking-subjects
#1
Mark A D'Andrea, G Kesava Reddy
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the health effects of benzene exposure among smoking subjects from a prolonged flaring incident that occurred at the British Petroleum (BP) refinery in Texas City, USA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included smoking subjects who had been exposed and unexposed to the benzene release. Using medical charts, clinical data including white blood cell (WBC) counts, platelet counts, hemoglobin, hematocrit, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) in the case of smoking subjects exposed to benzene was reviewed and analyzed...
September 27, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942957/increased-circulating-blood-cell-counts-in-combat-related-ptsd-associations-with-inflammation-and-ptsd-severity
#2
Daniel Lindqvist, Synthia H Mellon, Firdaus S Dhabhar, Rachel Yehuda, S Marlene Grenon, Janine D Flory, Linda M Bierer, Duna Abu-Amara, Michelle Coy, Iouri Makotkine, Victor I Reus, Kirstin Aschbacher, F Saverio Bersani, Charles R Marmar, Owen M Wolkowitz
Inflammation is reported in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Few studies have investigated circulating blood cells that may contribute to inflammation. We assessed circulating platelets, white blood cells (WBC) and red blood cells (RBC) in PTSD and assessed their relationship to inflammation and symptom severity. One-hundred and sixty-three male combat-exposed veterans (82 PTSD, 81 non-PTSD) had blood assessed for platelets, WBC, and RBC. Data were correlated with symptom severity and inflammation. All cell counts were significantly elevated in PTSD...
August 24, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910242/how-does-the-social-get-under-the-gums-the-role-of-socio-economic-position-in-the-oral-systemic-health-link
#3
Noha Gomaa, Belinda Nicolau, Arjumand Siddiqi, Howard Tenenbaum, Michael Glogauer, Carlos Quiñonez
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the extent of association between systemic inflammation and periodontal disease in American adults, and to assess whether socio-economic position mediated this relationship. METHODS: We used data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES IV) (2001-2010). Systemic inflammation was defined by individual and aggregate (cumulative inflammatory load) biomarkers (C-reactive protein, white blood cell counts, neutrophil counts, and neutrophil:lymphocyte ratio)...
September 14, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886262/effectiveness-of-antibiotic-treatment-in-infertile-patients-with-sterile-leukocytospermia-induced-by-tobacco-use
#4
Bogdan Pajovic, Ljiljana Pajovic, Marko Vukovic
Our study investigated whether antibiotic therapy in infertile tobacco users with sterile leukocytospermia and a history of former sexual transmitted disease (STD) has an advantage over cessation of smoking alone. For this study, 80 male infertile smokers were divided into two subgroups. The first group numbered 40 patients treated with a two week course of doxycycline, 100 mg, twice daily, while the second group simply ceased smoking. A control group of 20 patients with chronic abacterial prostatitis (CPPS III a) were treated with the same antibiotic for two weeks...
September 8, 2017: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790546/effect-of-cigarette-smoking-on-haematological-parameters-in-healthy-population
#5
Maja Malenica, Besim Prnjavorac, Tamer Bego, Tanja Dujic, Sabina Semiz, Selma Skrbo, Amar Gusic, Ajla Hadzic, Adlija Causevic
OBJECTIVE: Tobacco cigarette smoking is one of the major leading causes of death throughout the world. Smoking has both acute and chronic effect on haematological parameters. The aim of the present study was to assess the extent of adverse effects of cigarette smoking on biochemical characteristics in healthy smokers. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: One hundred and fifty six subjects participated in this study, 56 smokers and 100 non-smokers. The smokers were regularly consuming 10-20 cigarettes per day for at least 3 years...
April 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747965/systemic-white-blood-cell-count-as-a-biomarker-associated-with-severity-of-chronic-obstructive-lung-disease
#6
Hyeon-Kyoung Koo, Hyung Koo Kang, Pamela Song, Hye Kyeong Park, Sung-Soon Lee, Hoon Jung
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), is a chronic inflammatory disorder. We evaluated whether white blood cell (WBC) count, is associated with the severity of COPD, independent of other inflammatory conditions, such as metabolic syndrome. METHODS: The WBC counts were compared between 1227 COPD patients and 8679 non-COPD adults older than 40. The relationships between the WBC count, lung function, and symptoms score in COPD patients, were determined, using general linear regression analyses...
July 2017: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747453/serum-matrix-metalloproteinase-9-levels-and-prognosis-of-acute-ischemic-stroke
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Chongke Zhong, Jingyuan Yang, Tan Xu, Tian Xu, Yanbo Peng, Aili Wang, Jinchao Wang, Hao Peng, Qunwei Li, Zhong Ju, Deqin Geng, Yonghong Zhang, Jiang He
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between serum matrix metalloproteinases-9 (MMP-9) levels and prognosis of acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: We measured serum MMP-9 levels in 3,186 participants (2,008 men and 1,178 women) from the China Antihypertensive Trial in Acute Ischemic Stroke (CATIS). Study outcome data on death, major disability (modified Rankin Scale score ≥3), and vascular disease were collected at 3 months after stroke onset. RESULTS: During 3 months of follow-up, 767 participants (24...
August 22, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733767/relationship-between-plasma-pentraxin-3-level-and-risk-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-the-korean-elderly-the-dong-gu-study
#8
Ran Lee, Min-Ho Shin, Hee-Nam Kim, Young-Hoon Lee, Seong-Woo Choi, Hye-Ran Ahn, Sun-Seog Kweon
Purpose This study investigated the cross-sectional association between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and plasma pentraxin 3 (PTX3) levels in a Korean population, in a community-based cohort study. METHODS: A total of 1816 (891 men, 925 women) subjects were randomly selected from the cohort of participants for the final analyses. Plasma PTX3 concentration was determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. The participants were divided into four quartiles according to the PTX3 levels...
November 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644146/association-between-fibrinogen-level-and-the-severity-of-coronary-stenosis-in-418-male-patients-with-myocardial-infarction-younger-than-35-years-old
#9
Xiong-Yi Gao, Bing-Yang Zhou, Min-Zhou Zhang, Xi Zhao, Ping Qing, Cheng-Gang Zhu, Na-Qiong Wu, Yuan-Lin Guo, Ying Gao, Xiao-Lin Li, Yao Wang, Geng Liu, Qian Dong, Li-Heng Guo, Jian-Jun Li
Fibrinogen (Fib) is a useful marker for predicting the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) in adult population. However, whether Fib can be a predictor for the presence and severity of CAD in very young MI patients (≤35 years old) remains to be determined. A total of 418 males from 61,863 patients with MI who were under 35 years old were sequentially recruited in our study. The patients were divided into two main groups and three subgroups according to coronary angiograph and Gensini score (GS) system: no coronary artery stenosis (group A), the results of the coronary artery stenosis (group B); low GS, intermediate GS and high GS...
June 20, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638984/associations-of-aldosterone-and-renin-concentrations-with-inflammation-the-study-of-health-in-pomerania-and-the-german-conn-s-registry
#10
A Grotevendt, H Wallaschofski, M Reincke, C Adolf, M Quinkler, M Nauck, W Hoffmann, R Rettig, A Hannemann
PURPOSE: Chronic inflammation is an age-independent and body mass index-independent contributor to the development of multi-morbidity. Alterations of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system are observed within the context of proinflammatory states. We assessed circulating aldosterone, renin, and inflammatory biomarker concentrations in healthy, normotensive subjects and patients with primary aldosteronism. METHODS: We included 1177 normotensive individuals from the population-based Study of Health in Pomerania (first follow-up, Study of Health in Pomerania-1) and 103 primary aldosteronism patients from the German Conn's Registry...
August 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625128/the-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signalling-pathway-inhibitor-sclerostin-is-a-biomarker-for-early-atherosclerosis-in-obesity
#11
Djordje S Popovic, Milena Mitrovic, Dragana Tomic-Naglic, Tijana Icin, Ivana Bajkin, Bojan Vukovic, Damir Benc, Zeljko Zivanovic, Branka Kovacev-Zavisic, Edita Stokic
BACKGROUND: Sclerostin is an inhibitor of the wingless-type mouse mammary tumor virus integration site family/β-catenin signalling pathway (WβcSP), which plays an important role in bone metabolism and in vascular biology. It could act protective regarding atherosclerosis development through its effect on WβcSP in vascular cells. Nevertheless, results of studies analyzing association between circulating sclerostin level (CSL) and atherosclerotic diseases (AD) are showing conflicting results...
2017: Current Neurovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620476/vitamin-d-and-inflammatory-markers-cross-sectional-analyses-using-data-from-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing-elsa
#12
Cesar de Oliveira, Jane P Biddulph, Vasant Hirani, Ione Jayce Ceola Schneider
Recent evidence suggests that low vitamin D concentrations are associated with increased levels of inflammatory markers. However, there are limited studies investigating associations between vitamin D levels and inflammatory markers in the general population and much of this evidence in older adults is inconclusive. Therefore, this study investigates the cross-sectional association of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels with inflammatory markers in 5870 older English adults from wave 6 (2012-2013) of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA)...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576612/evaluation-of-an-association-between-long-sleep-duration-and-periodontal-disease-among-men-and-women-using-nationally-representative-data
#13
Kyungdo Han, Yong-Moon Park, Jun-Beom Park
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between long sleep duration and periodontal disease among men and women using nationally representative data. METHODS: In this study, we performed a cross-sectional analysis and used multivariable logistic regression analysis models. We analysed data from 2012 through 2014 from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The analysis in this study was confined to a total of 14,675 respondents over 19 years of age...
May 30, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496956/effects-of-opium-addiction-and-cigarette-smoking-on-hematological-parameters
#14
Gholamabbas Shahabinejad, Majid Sirati-Sabet, Mohammad Kazemi-Arababadi, Saeideh Nabati, Gholamreza Asadikaram
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of opium addiction and cigarette smoking on the complete blood count (CBC). METHODS: Eighty-six male subjects, including 31 opium-addicted cigarette smokers (OACS), 19 opium-addicted non-cigarette smokers (OANCS), 17 non-opium-addicted cigarette smokers (NOACS), and 19 non-opium-addicted non-cigarette smokers (NOANCS) participated in this study. The CBC test was measured in all individuals. FINDINGS: The OACS had significantly higher white blood cell (WBC), lymphocyte, and red blood cell (RBC) count but lower in mean corpuscular volume (MCV) compared to NOANCS...
July 2016: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490753/wbc-count-predicts-the-risk-of-new-onset-peripheral-arterial-disease-in-a-chinese-community-based-population
#15
Yuxi Li, Fangfang Fan, Jia Jia, Jianping Li, Yong Huo, Yan Zhang
This longitudinal cohort study investigated whether peripheral WBC counts could predict peripheral arterial disease (PAD) incidence after a 2.3-year follow-up in a Chinese community-based population without PAD at baseline. A total of 3555 Chinese subjects without fever and PAD at baseline from an atherosclerosis cohort were included in our analysis. The ankle brachial index (ABI) was measured, and PAD was defined as an ABI <0.9. Multivariate regression models were used to evaluate the association of WBC count and new-onset PAD...
May 11, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488901/association-of-shiftwork-and-immune-cells-among-police-officers-from-the-buffalo-cardio-metabolic-occupational-police-stress-study
#16
Michael D Wirth, Michael E Andrew, Cecil M Burchfiel, James B Burch, Desta Fekedulegn, Tara A Hartley, Luenda E Charles, John M Violanti
Shift workers suffer from a constellation of symptoms associated with disruption of circadian rhythms including sleep abnormalities, and abnormal hormone secretion (e.g. melatonin, cortisol). Recent, but limited, evidence suggests that shift workers have elevated levels of circulating white blood cells (WBCs) compared to their day working counterparts. Interestingly, recent reviews highlight the strong linkage between the immune system and circadian rhythms which includes, but is not limited to, circulating cell populations and functions...
May 10, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449059/marijuana-use-impacts-midlife-cardiovascular-events-in-hiv-infected-men
#17
David R Lorenz, Anupriya Dutta, Shibani S Mukerji, Alex Holman, Hajime Uno, Dana Gabuzda
Background: Marijuana use is prevalent among persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), but its long-term effects on HIV disease progression and comorbidities are unknown. Methods: In this prospective study of 558 HIV-infected men enrolled in the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study between 1990 and 2010, there were 182 HIV seroconverters and 376 with viral suppression on combination antiretroviral therapy (ART). Associations between heavy marijuana use and HIV disease markers or white blood cell (WBC) count were examined using mixed-effects and linear regression models...
August 15, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448810/associations-between-blood-btexs-concentrations-and-hematologic-parameters-among-adult-residents-of-the-u-s-gulf-states
#18
Brett T Doherty, Richard K Kwok, Matthew D Curry, Christine Ekenga, David Chambers, Dale P Sandler, Lawrence S Engel
BACKGROUND: Studies of workers exposed to benzene at average air concentrations below one part per million suggest that benzene, a known hematotoxin, causes hematopoietic damage even at low exposure levels. However, evidence of such effects outside of occupational settings and for other volatile organic compounds (VOCs) is limited. OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations between ambient exposures to five VOCs, including benzene, and hematologic parameters among adult residents of the U...
July 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399321/septic-arthritis-of-the-wrist-incidence-risk-factors-and-predictors-of-infection
#19
John D Jennings, Elizabeth Zielinski, Rick Tosti, Asif M Ilyas
Septic arthritis of the wrist can result in permanent damage to the joint, making timely diagnosis crucial to initiate empiric antibiotics and surgical intervention. Although septic arthritis is routinely included in the differential diagnosis of atraumatic wrist pain, the incidence is unknown. Unlike large joints, there is no consensus on cell count values considered pathognomonic for wrist septic arthritis. The goal of this retrospective study was to determine the incidence of wrist septic arthritis and to identify the clinical, serum, and joint fluid values that predict infection...
May 1, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369251/white-blood-cell-count-and-total-and-cause-specific-mortality-in-the-women-s-health-initiative
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Geoffrey C Kabat, Mimi Y Kim, JoAnn E Manson, Lawrence Lessin, Juan Lin, Sylvia Wassertheil-Smoller, Thomas E Rohan
White blood cell (WBC) count appears to predict total mortality and coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality, but it is unclear to what extent the association reflects confounding by smoking, underlying illness, or comorbid conditions. We used data from the Women's Health Initiative to examine the associations of WBC count with total mortality, CHD mortality, and cancer mortality. WBC count was measured at baseline in 160,117 postmenopausal women and again in year 3 in 74,375 participants. Participants were followed for a mean of 16 years...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
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