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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683500/exposure-to-occupational-noise-and-periodontitis-in-korean-workers
#1
Su-Hyun Shim, Dong-Hun Han
BACKGROUND: Chronic exposure to occupational noise is reported to cause a wide range of health problems. But, there are no reports on studies investigating the association between noise exposure and periodontitis. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between occupational noise exposure and periodontitis in a nationally representative sample of Korean workers. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from the 4th Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
April 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578474/relationship-of-hematologic-markers-with-il-17-and-il-1-beta-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#2
S Sağ, M S Sağ, I Tekeoğlu, A Kamanlı, K Nas, B A Acar
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship of NLR (Neutrophil lymphocyte ratio), MPV(mean platelet volume), PDW(distribution width) rates in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with IL-17 and IL-1 beta which are within the cytokines playing an important role in etiopathogenesis and activity of the disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-seven RA patients diagnosed according to RA classification criteria of ACR/EULAR 2010 and 37 controls were included into the study...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562996/factors-associated-with-hospitalisation-costs-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#3
F Li, Z Sun, H Li, T Yang, Z Shi
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading cause of hospital admissions, which can result in a significant financial burden. OBJECTIVE: To determine hospitalisation costs and factors associated with higher costs in patients with acute exacerbations of COPD (AE-COPD). DESIGN: Patients hospitalised for a whole year formed the study cohort. Demographic features, clinical data and hospitalisation bills were evaluated retrospectively...
April 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530009/kidney-stone-formers-have-more-renal-parenchymal-crystals-than-non-stone-formers-particularly-in-the-papilla-region
#4
Atsushi Okada, Shuzo Hamamoto, Kazumi Taguchi, Rei Unno, Teruaki Sugino, Ryosuke Ando, Kentaro Mizuno, Keiichi Tozawa, Kenjiro Kohri, Takahiro Yasui
BACKGROUND: We investigated the renoprotective ability of healthy people against kidney stone formation. To clarify intratubular crystal kinetics and processing in human kidneys, we performed a quantitative and morphological observation of nephrectomized renal parenchyma tissues. METHODS: Clinical data and pathological samples from 60 patients who underwent radical nephrectomy for renal cancer were collected from June 2004 to June 2010. The patients were retrospectively classified as stone formers (SFs; n = 30, kidney stones detected by preoperative computed tomography) and non-stone formers (NSFs; n = 30, no kidney stone history)...
March 12, 2018: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471908/prognostic-factors-for-treatment-success-in-patients-with-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-china
#5
Y-M Fan, S-P Ding, Z-J Bao, L-M Wu, L-B Zhen, Q Xia, M Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To examine the clinical outcomes and associated prognostic factors among patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in China. METHODS: This retrospective study involved 243 patients with MDR-TB. All patients received standard regimens containing para-amino salicylic acid (PAS) and/or cycloserine (CS). The demographic, social and clinical characteristics of patients were recorded and the patients were followed up for 24 months. RESULTS: Treatment success was closely associated with young age, non-farming occupations, shorter history or smoking, normal urine results, initial MDR-TB treatment regimen, increased haemoglobin, direct bilirubin, uric acid and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) levels, and lower white blood cell, neutrophil and blood platelet counts (all P < 0...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459183/transcriptional-differences-between-smokers-and-non-smokers-and-variance-by-obesity-as-a-risk-factor-for-human-sensitivity-to-environmental-exposures
#6
Maria Nikodemova, Jeremiah Yee, Patrick R Carney, Christopher A Bradfield, Kristen Mc Malecki
BACKGROUND: Obesity has been shown to alter response to air pollution and smoking but underlying biological mechanisms are largely unknown and few studies have explored mechanisms by which obesity increases human sensitivity to environmental exposures. OBJECTIVE: Overall study goals were to investigate whole blood gene expression in smokers and non-smokers to examine associations between cigarette smoke and changes in gene expression by obesity status and test for effect modification...
February 16, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443762/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-surgical-site-infection-after-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-of-ankle-fracture-a-retrospective-multicenter-study
#7
MULTICENTER STUDY
Yaning Sun, Huijuan Wang, Yuchao Tang, Haitao Zhao, Shiji Qin, Lihui Xu, Zhiyong Xia, Fengqi Zhang
Information on surgical site infection (SSI) after surgical treatment of ankle fracture is limited and remains controversial. The purpose of the present study was to determine the incidence and risk factors for SSI after open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of ankle fracture. Patients who underwent ORIF for ankle fracture at 3 centers between January 2015 and December 2016 were included. The potential risk factors for SSI included demographic variables, including age, sex, body mass index (BMI), hypertension, diabetes mellitus, heart disease, smoking, and excessive alcohol intake; blood test variables including preoperative white blood cell count, neutrophil count, red blood cell count, hemoglobin, total protein, albumin and globulin; injury- and surgery-related variables, including duration of operation (minutes), intraoperative blood loss, surgeon level, fracture site, accompanied dislocation, use of a drainage tube, and antibiotic use...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388402/association-between-white-blood-cell-counts-within-normal-range-and-hemoglobin-a1c-in-a-korean-population
#8
Jae Won Hong, Jung Hyun Noh, Dong Jun Kim
BACKGROUND: We examined whether white blood cell (WBC) count levels within normal range, could be associated with hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels. METHODS: Among the 11,472 people (≥19 years of age) who participated in the 2011 to 2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination, subjects with chronic disease or illness, including 807 patients with diabetes currently taking anti-diabetic medications and/or 1,149 subjects with WBC levels <4,000 or >10,000/μL were excluded...
January 30, 2018: Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357806/correlation-between-white-blood-cell-count-and-insulin-resistance-in-type-2-diabetes
#9
Armin Mahdiani, Masoume Kheirandish, Shokoufeh Bonakdaran
BACKGROUND: The role of chronic inflammation in insulin resistance states and the pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease and diabetes have been reported earlier. White blood cell (WBC) count is an easy marker for estimation of systemic inflammation. OBJECTIVE: This study is to clarify whether WBC count associate with insulin resistance in type 2 diabetic patients. METHOD: This cross sectional study was conducted in 283 patients with type 2 diabetes and in 283 healthy non diabetic subjects as control group...
January 19, 2018: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279787/acute-chest-syndrome-in-children-with-sickle-cell-disease
#10
REVIEW
Shilpa Jain, Nitya Bakshi, Lakshmanan Krishnamurti
Acute chest syndrome (ACS) is a frequent cause of acute lung disease in children with sickle cell disease (SCD). Patients may present with ACS or may develop this complication during the course of a hospitalization for acute vaso-occlusive crises (VOC). ACS is associated with prolonged hospitalization, increased risk of respiratory failure, and the potential for developing chronic lung disease. ACS in SCD is defined as the presence of fever and/or new respiratory symptoms accompanied by the presence of a new pulmonary infiltrate on chest X-ray...
December 1, 2017: Pediatric Allergy, Immunology, and Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223110/systemic-inflammatory-markers-associated-with-cardiovascular-disease-and-acute-and-chronic-exposure-to-fine-particulate-matter-air-pollution-pm-2-5-among-us-nhanes-adults-with-metabolic-syndrome
#11
Arvind Dabass, Evelyn O Talbott, Judith R Rager, Gary M Marsh, Arvind Venkat, Fernando Holguin, Ravi K Sharma
BACKGROUND: There has been no investigation to date of adults with metabolic syndrome examining the association of short and long-term exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5 ) air pollution with cardiovascular-disease related inflammatory marker (WBC and CRP) levels in a nationally representative sample. The goal of this study is to assess the susceptibility of adults with metabolic syndrome to PM2.5 exposure as suggested by increased cardiovascular-disease related inflammatory marker levels...
February 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212563/clinically-relevant-and-simple-immune-system-measure-is-related-to-symptom-burden-in-bipolar-disorder
#12
Ole Köhler-Forsberg, Louisa Sylvia, Thilo Deckersbach, Michael Joshua Ostacher, Melvin McInnis, Dan Iosifescu, Charles Bowden, Susan McElroy, Joseph Calabrese, Michael Thase, Richard Charles Shelton, Mauricio Tohen, James Kocsis, Edward Friedman, Terence Ketter, Andrew Alan Nierenberg
OBJECTIVE: Immunological theories, particularly the sickness syndrome theory, may explain psychopathology in mood disorders. However, no clinical trials have investigated the association between overall immune system markers with a wide range of specific symptoms including potential gender differences. METHODS: We included two similar clinical trials, the lithium treatment moderate-dose use study and clinical and health outcomes initiatives in comparative effectiveness for bipolar disorder study, enrolling 765 participants with bipolar disorder...
December 7, 2017: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155119/high-serum-bilirubin-is-associated-with-lower-prevalence-of-peripheral-arterial-disease-among-cardiac-patients
#13
Michishige Ozeki, Hideaki Morita, Masatoshi Miyamura, Tomohiro Fujisaka, Shu-Ichi Fujita, Takahide Ito, Kensaku Shibata, Suguru Tanaka, Koichi Sohmiya, Masaaki Hoshiga, Nobukazu Ishizaka
Several studies have shown that subjects with higher serum bilirubin may have a lower risk of cardiovascular disorders. We herein investigated whether serum bilirubin concentration is associated with lower extremity ischemia among cardiology patients. In total, 935 patients without a history of angioplasty or bypass surgery of the lower limb arteries and who had bilateral ankle-brachial index measurements were included in the study. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) was defined to be present when ABI of either or both sides was <0...
January 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121708/factors-associated-with-a-prolonged-length-of-hospital-stay-in-patients-with-diabetic-foot-a-single-center-retrospective-study
#14
Sang Kyu Choi, Cheol Keun Kim, Dong In Jo, Myung Chul Lee, Jee Nam Kim, Hyun Gon Choi, Dong Hyeok Shin, Soon Heum Kim
BACKGROUND: We conducted this study to identify factors that may prolong the length of the hospital stay (LHS) in patients with diabetic foot (DF) in a single-institution setting. METHODS: In this single-center retrospective study, we evaluated a total of 164 patients with DF, and conducted an intergroup comparison of their baseline demographic and clinical characteristics, including sex, age, duration of diabetes, smoking status, body mass index, underlying comorbidities (e...
November 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113395/association-between-fibrinogen-level-and-the-severity-of-coronary-stenosis-in-418-male-patients-with-myocardial-infarction-younger-than-35-years-old
#15
Xiong-Yi Gao, Bing-Yang Zhou, Min-Zhou Zhang, Xi Zhao, Ping Qing, Cheng-Gang Zhu, Na-Qiong Wu, Yuan-Lin Guo, Ying Gao, Xiao-Lin Li, Yao Wang, Geng Liu, Qian Dong, Li-Heng Guo, Jian-Jun Li
Fibrinogen (Fib) is a useful marker for predicting the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) in adult population. However, whether Fib can be a predictor for the presence and severity of CAD in very young MI patients (≤35 years old) remains to be determined. A total of 418 males from 61,863 patients with MI who were under 35 years old were sequentially recruited in our study. The patients were divided into two main groups and three subgroups according to coronary angiograph and Gensini score (GS) system: no coronary artery stenosis (group A), the results of the coronary artery stenosis (group B); low GS, intermediate GS and high GS...
October 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056349/clinical-characteristics-of-spontaneous-isolated-visceral-artery-dissection
#16
Yoshihiro Tanaka, Tsuyoshi Yoshimuta, Keiichi Kimura, Kenji Iino, Yudai Tamura, Kenji Sakata, Kenshi Hayashi, Hirofumi Takemura, Masakazu Yamagishi, Masa-Aki Kawashiri
OBJECTIVE: Spontaneous isolated visceral artery dissection (SIVAD) involving the celiac artery or superior mesenteric artery is rare, but it can be fatal. Given its rare incidence, the clinical characteristics of SIVAD are not fully understood. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of SIVAD. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 39 consecutive patients diagnosed with SIVAD from January 2007 to December 2016...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956553/benzene-exposure-from-the-bp-refinery-flaring-incident-alters-hematological-and-hepatic-functions-among-smoking-subjects
#17
Mark A D'Andrea, G Kesava Reddy
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the health effects of benzene exposure among smoking subjects from a prolonged flaring incident that occurred at the British Petroleum (BP) refinery in Texas City, USA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included smoking subjects who had been exposed and unexposed to the benzene release. Using medical charts, clinical data including white blood cell (WBC) counts, platelet counts, hemoglobin, hematocrit, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) in the case of smoking subjects exposed to benzene was reviewed and analyzed...
September 27, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942957/increased-circulating-blood-cell-counts-in-combat-related-ptsd-associations-with-inflammation-and-ptsd-severity
#18
Daniel Lindqvist, Synthia H Mellon, Firdaus S Dhabhar, Rachel Yehuda, S Marlene Grenon, Janine D Flory, Linda M Bierer, Duna Abu-Amara, Michelle Coy, Iouri Makotkine, Victor I Reus, Kirstin Aschbacher, F Saverio Bersani, Charles R Marmar, Owen M Wolkowitz
Inflammation is reported in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Few studies have investigated circulating blood cells that may contribute to inflammation. We assessed circulating platelets, white blood cells (WBC) and red blood cells (RBC) in PTSD and assessed their relationship to inflammation and symptom severity. One-hundred and sixty-three male combat-exposed veterans (82 PTSD, 81 non-PTSD) had blood assessed for platelets, WBC, and RBC. Data were correlated with symptom severity and inflammation. All cell counts were significantly elevated in PTSD...
December 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910242/how-does-the-social-get-under-the-gums-the-role-of-socio-economic-position-in-the-oral-systemic-health-link
#19
Noha Gomaa, Belinda Nicolau, Arjumand Siddiqi, Howard Tenenbaum, Michael Glogauer, Carlos Quiñonez
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the extent of association between systemic inflammation and periodontal disease in American adults, and to assess whether socio-economic position mediated this relationship. METHODS: We used data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES IV) (2001-2010). Systemic inflammation was defined by individual and aggregate (cumulative inflammatory load) biomarkers (C-reactive protein, white blood cell counts, neutrophil counts, and neutrophil:lymphocyte ratio)...
September 14, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886262/effectiveness-of-antibiotic-treatment-in-infertile-patients-with-sterile-leukocytospermia-induced-by-tobacco-use
#20
Bogdan Pajovic, Ljiljana Pajovic, Marko Vukovic
Our study investigated whether antibiotic therapy in infertile tobacco users with sterile leukocytospermia and a history of former sexual transmitted disease (STD) has an advantage over cessation of smoking alone. For this study, 80 male infertile smokers were divided into two subgroups. The first group numbered 40 patients treated with a two week course of doxycycline, 100 mg, twice daily, while the second group simply ceased smoking. A control group of 20 patients with chronic abacterial prostatitis (CPPS III a) were treated with the same antibiotic for two weeks...
December 2017: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
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