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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151098/the-alice-in-wonderland-syndrome
#1
Douglas J Lanska, John R Lanska
In 1955, English psychiatrist John Todd defined the Alice-in-Wonderland syndrome (AIWS) as self-experienced paroxysmal body-image illusions involving distortions of the size, mass, or shape of the patient's own body or its position in space, often accompanied by depersonalization and/or derealization. AIWS had been described by American Neurologist Caro Lippman in 1952, but Todd's report was the most influential. Todd named the syndrome for the perceptual disorder of altered body image experienced by the protagonist in Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (1865) by Lewis Carroll (Charles Lutwidge Dodgson)...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131843/vertigo-and-dizziness-in-adolescents-risk-factors-and-their-population-attributable-risk
#2
Filipp M Filippopulos, Lucia Albers, Andreas Straube, Lucia Gerstl, Bernhard Blum, Thyra Langhagen, Klaus Jahn, Florian Heinen, Rüdiger von Kries, Mirjam N Landgraf
OBJECTIVES: To assess potential risk factors for vertigo and dizziness in adolescents and to evaluate their variability by different vertigo types. The role of possible risk factors for vertigo and dizziness in adolescents and their population relevance needs to be addressed in order to design preventive strategies. STUDY DESIGN: The study population consisted of 1482 school-children between the age of 12 and 19 years, who were instructed to fill out a questionnaire on different vertigo types and related potential risk factors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129667/prevalence-of-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-in-the-mediterranean-region-of-europe
#3
Elena Scarpato, Sanja Kolacek, Danijela Jojkic-Pavkov, Vlatka Konjik, Nataša Živković, Enriqueta Roman, Aco Kostovski, Nikolina Zdraveska, Eyad Altamimi, Alexandra Papadopoulou, Thomai Karagiozoglou-Lampoudi, Raanan Shamir, Michal Rozenfeld Bar Lev, Aziz Koleilat, Sirin Mneimneh, Dario Bruzzese, Rosaura Leis, Annamaria Staiano, Panayota Kafritsa, Sandra Brusa, Angelo Campanozzi, Claudio Romano, Silvia Salvatore, Evelina Kotzakioulafi, Josefa Barrio, Maria Luz Cilleruelo, Mercedes Juste, Carolina Gutiérrez-Junquera, Tena Trbojević, Lana Ivković
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Little is known about the prevalence of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) in children from the Mediterranean area of Europe. We aimed to assess the prevalence of FGIDs in children and adolescents in this region. METHODS: We collected data on 13,750 children (4-18 years old) enrolled in the Mediterranean-European Area Project, a school-based health study performed in Croatia, Greece, Israel, Italy, Jordan, Lebanon, Macedonia, Serbia, and Spain...
November 9, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110509/stress-management-for-headaches-in-children-and-adolescents-a-review-and-practical-recommendations-for-health-promotion-programs-and-well-being
#4
Anastasia Bougea, Nikolaos Spantideas, George P Chrousos
Stress is considered to be the most common factor reported to trigger headaches in children and adolescents. Although tension-type headache and migraine are the two most common types of headache in children and adolescents, they are often untreated, ignoring their stressful background. We provide a narrative review of the available evidence for health-care professionals involved in stress-related headache management and health promotion programs. An integrative plan is delivered through lifestyle improvement and biopsychosocial modifying stress response techniques...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105908/the-research-gap-in-chronic-paediatric-pain-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#5
REVIEW
R Boulkedid, A Y Abdou, E Desselas, M Manégat, T G de Leeuw, J Avez-Couturier, S Dugue, C Mareau, B Charron, C Alberti, F Kaguelidou
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Chronic pain is associated with significant functional and social impairment. The objective of this review was to assess the characteristics and quality of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating pain management interventions in children and adolescents with chronic pain. METHODS: We performed a systematic search of PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library up to July 2017. We included RCTs that involved children and adolescents (3 months-18 years) and evaluated the use of pharmacological or non-pharmacological intervention(s) in the context of pain persisting or re-occurring for more than 3 months...
November 5, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095392/the-differential-diagnosis-of-vertigo-in-children-a-systematic-review-of-2726-cases
#6
Meghan Davitt, Michael T Delvecchio, Stephen C Aronoff
OBJECTIVES: Vertigo is a relatively common complaint in children with 5.3% of pediatric patients complaining of this symptom. Although the causes of vertigo have been well established in adults, the diagnoses in children have not been well described. The aims of this systematic review are to discover the current information regarding etiologies of vertigo in children and to determine the most common diagnoses that present with vertigo in pediatric patients. METHODS: PubMed, Scopus, and Embase were searched using the PRISMA guidelines...
October 31, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074058/breastfeeding-during-infancy-is-associated-with-a-lower-future-risk-of-pediatric-multiple-sclerosis
#7
J Nicholas Brenton, Casey E Engel, Min-Woong Sohn, Myla D Goldman
BACKGROUND: Risk of multiple sclerosis (MS) is influenced by environment and genetics. Infant breastfeeding appears protective against some childhood autoimmune disorders, but its impact on risk of MS in childhood is unknown. The objective of this study is to analyze the association of breastfeeding in infancy on future risk of pediatric-onset MS. BASIC PROCEDURES: Biological mothers of 36 consecutive pediatric-onset MS patients completed a questionnaire on history of breastfeeding and various birth and demographic factors...
September 14, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074056/alice-in-wonderland-syndrome-a-historical-and-medical-review
#8
REVIEW
Osman Farooq, Edward J Fine
Alice in Wonderland syndrome is a disorienting neurological condition that affects human perception to the senses of vision, hearing, touch, sensation, and the phenomenon of time. Individuals affected with Alice in Wonderland syndrome can experience alterations in their perception to the size of objects or their own body parts, known as metamorphopsias. It is known to occur in conditions including migraine, epilepsy, as well as certain intoxicants and infectious diseases. The name refers to Lewis Carrol's well-known children's book Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, in which the title character experiences alterations of sensation in which she felt that her body had grown too tall or too small, or parts of her body were changing shape, size, or relationship to the rest of her body...
August 24, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071512/similarities-and-differences-between-migraine-in-children-and-adults-presentation-disability-and-response-to-treatment
#9
REVIEW
Ashley M Kroon Van Diest, Michelle M Ernst, Shalonda Slater, Scott W Powers
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review presents findings from investigations of migraine in children and adults. Similarities and differences in the presentation, related consequences, and treatments between children and adults are reviewed. RECENT FINDINGS: Significant similarities exist in the presentation, disability, and treatments for migraine between children and adults. Despite such similarities, many adult migraine treatments adapted for use in children are not rigorously tested prior to becoming a part of routine care in youth...
October 25, 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044497/pediatric-headache-and-sleep-disturbance-a-comparison-of-diagnostic-groups
#10
Jonathan Rabner, Karen J Kaczynski, Laura E Simons, Alyssa LeBel
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether sleep disturbance differs by headache diagnosis in a pediatric sample, and whether this effect remains when other factors affecting sleep are included. BACKGROUND: Primary headache disorders can be severe and disabling, impacting a child's functioning and quality of life. Many children and adolescents with chronic headaches also experience sleep difficulties, and there is likely a bidirectional relationship between headaches and sleep difficulties...
October 17, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034788/treatment-of-acute-migraine-attacks-in-children-with-analgesics-on-the-world-health-organization-essential-medicines-list-a-systematic-review-and-grade-evidence-synthesis
#11
Milka Jeric, Nives Surjan, Antonia Jelicic Kadic, Nicoletta Riva, Livia Puljak
Background The World Health Organization Essential Medicines List (WHO EML) contains two analgesics for treatment of acute migraine attacks in children, ibuprofen and paracetamol. Methods The Embase, CDSR, CENTRAL, DARE and MEDLINE databases were searched up to 18 April 2017. We analyzed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and systematic reviews (SRs) that investigate the efficacy and safety of ibuprofen or paracetamol for treatment of acute migraine attacks in children. We conducted meta-analysis and assessments of evidence with GRADE, Cochrane risk of bias tool, and AMSTAR...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982283/assessment-of-headache-among-high-school-students-in-jordan
#12
Mohammed ALBashtawy, Mohammad Al Qadire, Sami Aloush, Loai Tawalbeh, Manar AlAzzam, Mohammad Suliman, Abdul-Monim Batiha, Fadwa Alhalaiqa, Hind Alshakh, Areej Abd Al-Rahman
Headache is considered one of the most common complaints affecting all ages: children, adolescents, and adults. A school-based, cross-sectional study was conducted to assess primary headache among high school students aged 16-18 in Grades 11-12, over a period of 3 weeks (May 2017). A questionnaire was designed, in accordance with the International Headache Society's criteria. The Pearson's χ(2) test was computed to show the differences between the variables. Nearly two thirds of the students reported having headache (19...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956173/-drekip-an-outpatient-treatment-program-for-children-and-adolescents-with-headache
#13
M Richter, E Gruhl, E Lautenschläger, T Müller, F Schumann, D Skiera, A Theisinger, U Zimmer, R Berner, M von der Hagen, R Sabatowski, A Hähner, G Gossrau
Headaches are a frequent health problem among children and adolescents. The ocurrence of headaches and the resulting impairments in the quality of life and activities of daily living are modulated by biopsychosocial interactions, which necessitate a complex treatment program. The Dresden Childrens Headache Program (DreKiP) is a multidisciplinary therapy program consisting of eight modules for children and adolescents: education, stress relief, relaxation techniques, physical fitness, climbing therapy, art therapy and sensory training...
September 27, 2017: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956079/-migraine-in-children-and-adolescents-brain-and-muscle-another-example-of-why-children-are-not-small-adults
#14
REVIEW
M N Landgraf, H König, I Hannibal, T Langhagen, M V Bonfert, B Klose, B Rahmsdorf, R M Giese, A Straube, R von Kries, L Albers, F Ebinger, B Ertl-Wagner, B Kammer, I Körte, N Sollmann, S Krieg, F Heinen
Migraine as primary headache is a life-long disease which is relevant for the quality of life and is based on complex genetics. It often starts in childhood with symptoms typical for the specific age. These show different nuances compared to the migraine symptoms in adults, for example, regarding (bilateral/unilateral) localization of the acute migraine headache. Only over the course of years-during adolescence and young adulthood-do the more specific symptoms as defined by the International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD 3 beta) develop...
September 27, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952174/children-with-migraine-provocation-of-headache-via-pressure-to-myofascial-trigger-points-in-the-trapezius-muscle-a-prospective-controlled-observational-study
#15
M N Landgraf, J T Biebl, T Langhagen, I Hannibal, T Eggert, K Vill, L Gerstl, L Albers, R von Kries, A Straube, F Heinen
BACKGROUND: The objective was to evaluate a supposed clinical interdependency of myofascial trigger points and migraine in children. Such interdependency would support an interaction of spinal and trigeminal afferences in the trigemino-cervical complex as a contributing factor in migraine. METHODS: Children ≤18 years with the confirmed diagnosis of migraine were prospectively investigated. Comprehensive data on medical history, clinical neurological and psychological status were gathered...
September 26, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947248/-cyclic-vomiting-syndrome-in-children
#16
F Brezin, A Wiedemann, F Feillet
Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) is a misrecognized and probably underdiagnosed disease that can affect up to 1.9% of the pediatric population and can occupy 15% of these children's time. It is characterized by acute attacks of vomiting, occurring with such a strict frequency that some parents can predict the date of their child's next attack. The pathophysiology of CVS is unclear, although the literature recognizes a common origin with migraine headaches, which has the same acute and prophylactic treatment. CVS is now included in the larger group of diseases called "episodic symptoms related to migraine" previously known as "childhood periodic syndromes...
November 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944683/-thoracic-migraine-as-a-new-manifestation-of-migraine-case-report
#17
Torsten Kraya, Stephan Mages, Stephan Zierz
Background and objectives Abdominal pain is a well-known headache-associated symptom in migraine in children, but rarely in adults. We describe a case of a female patient with typical accompanying migraine symptoms without headache but with thoracic pain. Case report The present case of a 41 year-old-woman shows recurrent attacks with thoracic pain and typical accompanying migraine symptoms but without headache. Symptoms resolved upon treatment with triptans and beta blockers. Discussion This case might be interpreted as "thoracic migraine", and extends the spectrum of migraine forms...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924127/recurrent-painful-ophthalmoplegic-neuropathy-with-residual-mydriasis-in-an-adult-should-it-be-classified-as-ophthalmoplegic-migraine
#18
Yuya Kobayashi, Yasufumi Kondo, Kana Uchibori, Jun Tsuyuzaki
Recurrent painful ophthalmoplegic neuropathy (RPON) is a rare condition that manifests as headache and ophthalmoplegia. It typically occurs in children. Although migraine or neuropathy have been suggested as etiologies, the precise etiology remains unclear. In the International Classification of Headache Disorders 3rd edition-beta version (ICHD3β) (code 13.9), RPON was categorized into painful cranial neuropathies and other facial pains. We encountered a 48-year-old woman who had diplopia and right ptosis...
October 15, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883875/is-infantile-colic-an-early-life-expression-of-childhood-migraine
#19
Manijeh Tabrizi, Hamidreza Badeli, Afagh Hassanzadeh Rad, Vahid Aminzadeh, Ali Shokuhifard
OBJECTIVE: Migraine is the mosyndrome and infantile colic is a common cause of infantile cry. The pathogenesis of migraine and colic has not been well established and different factors may cause them. There is an association between infantile colic and the occurrence of childhood migraine. We aimed to assess whether infantile colic could be noted as an early life expression of childhood migraine or not. MATERIALS & METHODS: This retrospective case-control study was conducted on 5-15-year-old childrenin Rasht, Iran during 2015-2016...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875974/-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-the-rome-iv-criteria
#20
REVIEW
Barbara Iwańczak, Franciszek Iwańczak
In the work diagnostic criteria of functional disorders of the gastrointestinal tract in children and adolescents aged 4 to 18 years are presented. The criteria were elaborated by experienced experts in pediatrics and gastroenterology and were presented on Digestive Disease Week in San Diego in 2016 as modified IV Rome Criteria. In the work the following functional disorders are discussed: cyclic vomiting syndrome, functional nausea and vomiting, rumination syndrome, aerophagia, functional dyspepsia, irritable bowel syndrome, abdominal migraine, functional abdominal pain - not otherwise specified, functional constipation, nonretentive fecal incontinence...
August 21, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
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