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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627202/infrapeso-materno-y-resultados-perinatales-estudio-de-cohortes-retrospectivo
#1
Ángel Vilar Sánchez, Juan Jesús Fernández Alba, María Del Carmen González Macías, María Del Carmen Paublete Herrera, Concepción Carnicer Fuentes, Florentino Carral San Laureano, Rafael Torrejón Cardoso, Luis Javier Moreno Corral
Introducción: algunos estudios han asociado el infrapeso materno con resultados perinatales adversos tales como aborto espontáneo, desprendimiento placentario, feto pequeño para edad gestacional, crecimiento intrauterino retardado y parto pretérmino.Objetivos: determinar si el infrapeso materno al inicio de la gestación influye sobre la forma de inicio y vía del parto, peso al nacer, índice de Apgar al minuto 5 y edad gestacional en el momento del parto.Métodos: estudio de cohortes retrospectivo en gestantes adscritas al Hospital Universitario de Puerto Real...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032870/factores-perinatales-y-su-influencia-en-la-obesidad-infantil-estudio-de-casos-y-controles
#2
S Solano Nortes, T Lacruz Gascón, M Blanco Hurtado, T Moreno Ortega, B Real, M Graell Berna, A R Sepúlveda García
Fundamento. La etiología de la obesidad infantil es compleja y se encuentra implicada la interacción de factores genéticos y ambientales. Las complicaciones obstétricas se han asociado al desarrollo de trastornos mentales y médicos, incluida la obesidad. El objetivo de esta investigación es estudiar la asociación entre las complicaciones durante el embarazo y el parto y el desarrollo de obesidad infantil.Participantes y método. Se presentan los datos de un estudio de casos y controles compuesto por 60 madres de niños con obesidad comparado con 92 madres de niños controles con normopeso y con edades comprendidas entre los 8 y 12 años...
December 30, 2016: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000460/sobrepeso-y-obesidad-maternos-como-factores-de-riesgo-independientes-para-que-el-parto-finalice-en-ces%C3%A3-rea
#3
Juan Jesús Fernández Alba, María Del Carmen Paublete Herrera, María Del Carmen González Macías, Florentino Carral San Laureano, Concepción Carnicer Fuentes, Ángel Vilar Sánchez, Rafael Torrejón Cardoso, Luis Javier Moreno Corral
Introducción: el sobrepeso y la obesidad se asocian a una mayor probabilidad de que el parto finalice en cesárea. Dado que dicho incremento del riesgo podría estar sesgado por variables de confusión como la diabetes o la hipertensión, en el presente trabajo pretendemos determinar si este riesgo persiste tras ser ajustado por numerosas variables de control.Objetivo: determinar si el sobrepeso y/o la obesidad son factores de riesgo independientes para que el parto finalice en cesárea.Métodos: estudio de cohortes retrospectivo...
November 29, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982390/factors-associated-to-caesarean-delivery-in-public-and-private-health-care-systems
#4
Rosana Rosseto de Oliveira, Emiliana Cristina Melo, Elisiane Soares Novaes, Patrícia Louise Rodrigues Varela Ferracioli, Thais Aidar de Freitas Mathias
OBJECTIVE: Identifying factors associated to Caesarean sections among the residents of Maringá-PR, according to the financing source for delivery. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with data from 920 postpartum women interviewed between October 2013 and February 2014. Association analysis was performed by logistic regression. RESULTS: Caesarean section rates were 55.5% in the Unified Healthcare System (SUS) and 93.8% in the private system...
September 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982389/effects-of-auriculotherapy-on-labour-pain-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Reginaldo Roque Mafetoni, Antonieta Keiko Kakuda Shimo
OBJECTIVE: Assessing the effects of auriculotherapy in pain control and its outcomes on the duration of labour. METHOD: This is a randomized, controlled, double-blind trial with preliminary data. Thirty pregnant women with gestational age ≥ 37 weeks, cervical dilatation ≥ 4 cm and two or more contractions in 10 minutes were selected and randomly divided into three groups: auriculotherapy, placebo and control. Auriculotherapy was applied using crystal beads on four strategic points...
September 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27533267/pelvic-floor-muscle-strength-in-primiparous-women-according-to-the-delivery-type-cross-sectional-study
#6
Edilaine de Paula Batista Mendes, Sonia Maria Junqueira Vasconcellos de Oliveira, Adriana de Souza Caroci, Adriana Amorim Francisco, Sheyla Guimaraes Oliveira, Renata Luana da Silva
OBJECTIVES: to compare the pelvic floor muscle strength in primiparous women after normal birth and cesarean section, related to the socio-demographic characteristics, nutritional status, dyspareunia, urinary incontinence, perineal exercise in pregnancy, perineal condition and weight of the newborn. METHODS: this was a cross-sectional study conducted after 50 - 70 postpartum days, with 24 primiparous women who underwent cesarean delivery and 72 who had a normal birth...
August 15, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27351303/a-12-week-clinical-and-instrumental-study-evaluating-the-efficacy-of-a-multisource-radiofrequency-home-use-device-for-wrinkle-reduction-and-improvement-is-skin-tone-skin-elasticity-and-dermal-collagen-content
#7
Neil S Sadick, Yoram Harth
This study was performed in order to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a new handheld home-use multisource radiofrequency device on facial rejuvenation. 47 male and female subjects were enrolled. All subjects received a NEWA® 3DEEP™ home use device (EndyMed Medical, Cesarea, Israel) to be used on facial skin three times per week for the first four weeks and then reduced to two times per week for the following eight weeks. Assessments included expert clinical grading for efficacy, instrumental evaluation, image analysis and photography...
June 28, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27019255/influencia-del-programa-swep-study-water-exercise-pregnant-en-los-resultados-perinatales-protocolo-de-estudio
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
María José Aguilar Cordero, Raquel Rodríguez Blanquet, Juan Carlos Sánchez García, Antonio Manuel Sánchez López, Laura Baena García, Gracia López Contreras
Introduction: Moderate exercise training during the pregnancy benefits both the pregnant woman and the fetus. The research papers consulted have linked physical activity with the reduction of the number of cesareans, instrumental delivery and with a more physiological delivery. It also prevents excessive weight gain in women and decreases the risk of gestational diabetes and high blood pressure. Aim: :The aim of this research is to know if an exercise program of moderate character with Water Study Exercise Pregnant (SWEP) method, performed in an aquatic environment, contributes to have more favorable results in the perinatal period, both for women and baby...
February 16, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27008079/cesarean-sections-perfecting-the-technique-and-standardizing-the-practice-an-analysis-of-the-book-obstetr%C3%A3-cia-by-jorge-de-rezende
#9
Andreza Rodrigues Nakano, Claudia Bonan, Luiz Antônio Teixeira
This article discusses the development of techniques for cesarean sections by doctors in Brazil, during the 20th century, by analyzing the title "Operação Cesárea" (Cesarean Section), of three editions of the textbookObstetrícia, by Jorge de Rezende. His prominence as an author in obstetrics and his particular style of working, created the groundwork for the normalization of the practice of cesarean sections. The networks of meaning practiced within this scientific community included a "provision for feeling and for action" (Fleck) which established the C-section as a "normal" delivery: showing standards that exclude unpredictability, chaos, and dangers associated with the physiology of childbirth, meeting the demand for control, discipline and safety, qualities associated with practices, techniques and technologies of biomedicine...
January 2016: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26686617/long-lasting-effects-of-the-conversion-from-natural-forest-to-poplar-plantation-on-soil-microbial-communities
#10
Francesco Vitali, Giorgio Mastromei, Giuliana Senatore, Cesarea Caroppo, Enrico Casalone
In this study, we evaluate the long-lasting effects on soil microbial communities of a change within a single land-use category, specifically the conversion from natural forest to forest plantation. To minimize the effects of impacts other than land-use (i.e., climatic and anthropogenic), we chose three sites within a Natural Park, with homogeneous orographic and soil texture characteristics. We compared microbial diversity in a total of 156 soil samples from two natural mixed forests and a similar forest converted to poplar plantation about thirty years ago...
January 2016: Microbiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25747735/oxidative-stress-markers-at-birth-analyses-of-a-neonatal-population
#11
Mario Giuffrè, Manfredi Rizzo, Giusy Scaturro, Alessandro Pitruzzella, Antonella Marino Gammazza, Francesco Cappello, Giovanni Corsello, Giovanni Li Volti
In order to further understand neonatal stress and, thus, control it efficaciously, there is a need for more information on the manifestations of stress at the molecular level in the newborn, with particular regard to oxidants, and anti-oxidant and anti-stress mechanisms, including mitochondrial heat shock protein-chaperones such as Hsp60. We investigated patterns of anti-oxidants, biomarkers of oxidative stress, and Hsp60 levels in sera from newborns and found significant associations between glutathione (GSH) levels and gestational age, delivery modality, and lipid hydroperoxydes (LOOH) level...
May 2015: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25741644/effects-of-acupressure-on-progress-of-labor-and-cesarean-section-rate-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Reginaldo Roque Mafetoni, Antonieta Keiko Kakuda Shimo
OBJECTIVE To analyze the effects of acupressure at the SP6 point on labor duration and cesarean section rates in parturients served in a public maternity hospital. METHODS This controlled, randomized, double-blind, pragmatic clinical trial involved 156 participants with gestational age ≥ 37 weeks, cervical dilation ≥ 4 cm, and ≥ 2 contractions in 10 min. The women were randomly divided into an acupressure, placebo, or control group at a university hospital in an inland city in the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil, in 2013...
2015: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25607700/home-based-wrinkle-reduction-using-a-novel-handheld-multisource-phase-controlled-radiofrequency-device
#13
Avner Shemer, Hanna Levy, Neil S Sadick, Yoram Harth, Andrew S Dorizas
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, energy-based aesthetic treatments, using light, radiofrequency (RF), and ultrasound, have gained scientific acceptance as safe and efficacious for non-invasive treatment for aesthetic skin disorders. The phase-controlled multisource radiofrequency technology (3DEEP™), which is based on the simultaneous use of multiple RF generators, was proven to allow significant pigment-independent dermal heating without pain or the need of epidermal cooling. This study was performed in order to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a new handheld device delivering multisource radiofrequency to the skin for wrinkle reduction and skin tightening in the home setting...
November 2014: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25598274/painless-safe-and-efficacious-noninvasive-skin-tightening-body-contouring-and-cellulite-reduction-using-multisource-3deep-radiofrequency
#14
REVIEW
Yoram Harth
In the last decade, Radiofrequency (RF) energy has proven to be safe and highly efficacious for face and neck skin tightening, body contouring, and cellulite reduction. In contrast to first-generation Monopolar/Bipolar and "X -Polar" RF systems which use one RF generator connected to one or more skin electrodes, multisource radiofrequency devices use six independent RF generators allowing efficient dermal heating to 52-55°C, with no pain or risk of other side effects. In this review, the basic science and clinical results of body contouring and cellulite treatment using multisource radiofrequency system (Endymed PRO, Endymed, Cesarea, Israel) will be discussed and analyzed...
March 2015: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25596934/laser-assisted-lipolysis-for-arm-contouring-in-teimourian-grades-i-and-ii-a-prospective-study-of-45-patients
#15
Franck Marie Leclère, Justo M Alcolea, Peter Vogt, Javier Moreno-Moraga, Serge Mordon, Vincent Casoli, Mario A Trelles
Upper arm deformities secondary to weight loss or senile elastosis have led to an increased demand for aesthetic contouring procedures. We conducted this study to objectively assess if, in Teimourian low-grade upper arm remodelling, one session of laser-assisted lypolisis (LAL) could result in full patient satisfaction. Between 2011 and 2013, 45 patients were treated for unsightly fat arm Teimourian grade I (15 patients), grade IIa (15 patients) and grade IIb (15 patients) with one session of LAL. The laser used in this study was a 1470-nm diode laser (Alma Lasers, Cesarea, Israel) with the following parameters: continuous mode, 15 W power and transmission through a 600-μm optical fibre...
April 2015: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25286033/laser-assisted-lipolysis-for-neck-and-submental-remodeling-in-rohrich-type-iv-patients-fact-or-fiction
#16
Franck Marie Leclère, Peter M Vogt, Javier Moreno-Moraga, Justo M Alcolea, Vincent Casoli, Serge R Mordon, Mario A Trelles
BACKGROUND: Since the first studies by Apfelberg in 1994 and the mathematical model of Mordon introduced in 2004, laser-assisted lipolysis (LAL) has been on the rise. In a previous study, we presented our results in patients treated with LAL for Rohrich type I to III aging neck. The average cervicomental angle decreased from 152.6 ± 5.9 to 123.6 ± 8.8 degrees after LAL. This demonstrated a systematic decrease in fat thickness, and improved skin tightening. OBJECTIVE: This new protocol focuses solely on LAL in the Rohrich type IV aging neck...
February 2015: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24301245/in-vivo-histological-evaluation-of-non-insulated-microneedle-radiofrequency-applicator-with-novel-fractionated-pulse-mode
#17
Yoram Harth, Ido Frank
INTRODUCTION: Microneedle radiofrequency is a novel method that allows non-thermal penetration of the epidermis followed by RF coagulation in selected depth of the dermis surrounded by zone of non-coagulative volumetric heating. The first generation of Microneedle RF applicators used insulated needles. These treatments were limited by a few factors, including low volume of dermal heating, lack of effect in the papillary dermis and pinpoint bleeding during the treatment. The system tested in this study (EndyMed PRO, Intensif applicator, EndyMed Medical, Cesarea, Israel) utilizes special extra sharp tapered non-insulated microneedles and a special pulse mode, allowing full coagulation during treatment and higher effective volume of dermal heat...
December 2013: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24236769/germinal-mosaicism-in-a-sample-of-families-with-duchenne-becker-muscular-dystrophy-with-partial-deletions-in-the-dmd-gene
#18
Cesárea Bermúdez-López, Benilde García-de Teresa, Ariadna González-del Angel, Miguel Angel Alcántara-Ortigoza
Germinal mosaicism should be considered when estimating the recurrence risk in families with Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy (D/BMD). Germinal mosaicism, however, has not been assessed in Mexican families with deletions in the DMD gene. To determine the distribution of deletions in the two hot spots and the proportion of de novo and transmitted deletions, we analyzed 153 individuals with D/BMD and a DMD partial deletion and 322 of their maternal female relatives. Predilection for the distal hot spot was observed in 112 families (73%), while gene dosage analysis of female relatives of D/BMD patients identified germinal mosaicism deletions in at least 11...
February 2014: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23963090/gestational-diabetes-mellitus-maternal-and-perinatal-outcomes-in-king-khalid-university-hospital-saudi-arabia
#19
Hayfaa A Wahabi, Samia A Esmaeil, Amel Fayed, Rasmieh A Alzeidan
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has increased worldwide, with a subsequent increase in the associated adverse pregnancy outcomes. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of GDM and to compare the maternal and neonatal outcomes of women with GDM with nondiabetic women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study investigating the maternal and the neonatal outcomes of women with GDM who delivered in King Khalid University Hospital as compared with the outcomes of nondiabetic women who delivered during the same period...
August 2013: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23464734/multisource-radiofrequency-for-fractional-skin-resurfacing-significant-reduction-of-wrinkles
#20
Serge Dahan, Isabelle Rousseaux, Hugues Cartier
BACKGROUND: Skin roughness, color change, wrinkles and skin laxity are the main characteristics of aging skin. Dermatologists and plastic surgeons look for a treatment that will provide both epidermal resurfacing for the improvement of skin roughness and deep volumetric heating that will trigger collagen remodeling in the dermis to reduce wrinkles and skin laxity. These goals should be achieved with minimal pain and downtime. METHODS: The study included 10 subjects (Fitzpatrick's skin type 2-3) with Fitzpatrick wrinkle and elastosis scale of 5-8 (average 7...
April 2013: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
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