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Edilaine de Paula Batista Mendes, Sonia Maria Junqueira Vasconcellos de Oliveira, Adriana de Souza Caroci, Adriana Amorim Francisco, Sheyla Guimaraes Oliveira, Renata Luana da Silva
OBJECTIVES: to compare the pelvic floor muscle strength in primiparous women after normal birth and cesarean section, related to the socio-demographic characteristics, nutritional status, dyspareunia, urinary incontinence, perineal exercise in pregnancy, perineal condition and weight of the newborn. METHODS: this was a cross-sectional study conducted after 50 - 70 postpartum days, with 24 primiparous women who underwent cesarean delivery and 72 who had a normal birth...
2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Neil S Sadick, Yoram Harth
This study was performed in order to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a new handheld home-use multisource radiofrequency device on facial rejuvenation. 47 male and female subjects were enrolled. All subjects received a NEWA® 3DEEP™ home use device (EndyMed Medical, Cesarea, Israel) to be used on facial skin three times per week for the first four weeks and then reduced to two times per week for the following eight weeks. Assessments included expert clinical grading for efficacy, instrumental evaluation, image analysis and photography...
June 28, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
María José Aguilar Cordero, Raquel Rodríguez Blanquet, Juan Carlos Sánchez García, Antonio Manuel Sánchez López, Laura Baena García, Gracia López Contreras
Introducción: el entrenamiento mediante ejercicio físico moderado durante el periodo de gestación aporta beneficios tanto a la mujer embarazada como al feto. Los trabajos de investigación consultados vinculan la actividad física con una reducción del número de cesáreas, de partos instrumentados y con un parto más fisiológico. Previene igualmente la ganancia excesiva de peso de la mujer, disminuye el riesgo de diabetes gestacional y de hipertensión arterial.Objetivo: el objetivo de esta investigación es conocer si un programa de ejercicio físico de carácter moderado con el método Study Water Exercise Pregnant (SWEP), realizado en un medio acuático, contribuye a obtener unos resultados más favorables en la etapa perinatal, tanto para la mujer como para el bebé...
February 16, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Andreza Rodrigues Nakano, Claudia Bonan, Luiz Antônio Teixeira
This article discusses the development of techniques for cesarean sections by doctors in Brazil, during the 20th century, by analyzing the title "Operação Cesárea" (Cesarean Section), of three editions of the textbookObstetrícia, by Jorge de Rezende. His prominence as an author in obstetrics and his particular style of working, created the groundwork for the normalization of the practice of cesarean sections. The networks of meaning practiced within this scientific community included a "provision for feeling and for action" (Fleck) which established the C-section as a "normal" delivery: showing standards that exclude unpredictability, chaos, and dangers associated with the physiology of childbirth, meeting the demand for control, discipline and safety, qualities associated with practices, techniques and technologies of biomedicine...
January 2016: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
Francesco Vitali, Giorgio Mastromei, Giuliana Senatore, Cesarea Caroppo, Enrico Casalone
In this study, we evaluate the long-lasting effects on soil microbial communities of a change within a single land-use category, specifically the conversion from natural forest to forest plantation. To minimize the effects of impacts other than land-use (i.e., climatic and anthropogenic), we chose three sites within a Natural Park, with homogeneous orographic and soil texture characteristics. We compared microbial diversity in a total of 156 soil samples from two natural mixed forests and a similar forest converted to poplar plantation about thirty years ago...
January 2016: Microbiological Research
Mario Giuffrè, Manfredi Rizzo, Giusy Scaturro, Alessandro Pitruzzella, Antonella Marino Gammazza, Francesco Cappello, Giovanni Corsello, Giovanni Li Volti
In order to further understand neonatal stress and, thus, control it efficaciously, there is a need for more information on the manifestations of stress at the molecular level in the newborn, with particular regard to oxidants, and anti-oxidant and anti-stress mechanisms, including mitochondrial heat shock protein-chaperones such as Hsp60. We investigated patterns of anti-oxidants, biomarkers of oxidative stress, and Hsp60 levels in sera from newborns and found significant associations between glutathione (GSH) levels and gestational age, delivery modality, and lipid hydroperoxydes (LOOH) level...
May 2015: Acta Histochemica
Reginaldo Roque Mafetoni, Antonieta Keiko Kakuda Shimo
OBJECTIVE To analyze the effects of acupressure at the SP6 point on labor duration and cesarean section rates in parturients served in a public maternity hospital. METHODS This controlled, randomized, double-blind, pragmatic clinical trial involved 156 participants with gestational age ≥ 37 weeks, cervical dilation ≥ 4 cm, and ≥ 2 contractions in 10 min. The women were randomly divided into an acupressure, placebo, or control group at a university hospital in an inland city in the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil, in 2013...
2015: Revista de Saúde Pública
Avner Shemer, Hanna Levy, Neil S Sadick, Yoram Harth, Andrew S Dorizas
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, energy-based aesthetic treatments, using light, radiofrequency (RF), and ultrasound, have gained scientific acceptance as safe and efficacious for non-invasive treatment for aesthetic skin disorders. The phase-controlled multisource radiofrequency technology (3DEEP™), which is based on the simultaneous use of multiple RF generators, was proven to allow significant pigment-independent dermal heating without pain or the need of epidermal cooling. This study was performed in order to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a new handheld device delivering multisource radiofrequency to the skin for wrinkle reduction and skin tightening in the home setting...
November 2014: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Yoram Harth
In the last decade, Radiofrequency (RF) energy has proven to be safe and highly efficacious for face and neck skin tightening, body contouring, and cellulite reduction. In contrast to first-generation Monopolar/Bipolar and "X -Polar" RF systems which use one RF generator connected to one or more skin electrodes, multisource radiofrequency devices use six independent RF generators allowing efficient dermal heating to 52-55°C, with no pain or risk of other side effects. In this review, the basic science and clinical results of body contouring and cellulite treatment using multisource radiofrequency system (Endymed PRO, Endymed, Cesarea, Israel) will be discussed and analyzed...
March 2015: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Franck Marie Leclère, Justo M Alcolea, Peter Vogt, Javier Moreno-Moraga, Serge Mordon, Vincent Casoli, Mario A Trelles
Upper arm deformities secondary to weight loss or senile elastosis have led to an increased demand for aesthetic contouring procedures. We conducted this study to objectively assess if, in Teimourian low-grade upper arm remodelling, one session of laser-assisted lypolisis (LAL) could result in full patient satisfaction. Between 2011 and 2013, 45 patients were treated for unsightly fat arm Teimourian grade I (15 patients), grade IIa (15 patients) and grade IIb (15 patients) with one session of LAL. The laser used in this study was a 1470-nm diode laser (Alma Lasers, Cesarea, Israel) with the following parameters: continuous mode, 15 W power and transmission through a 600-μm optical fibre...
April 2015: Lasers in Medical Science
Franck Marie Leclère, Peter M Vogt, Javier Moreno-Moraga, Justo M Alcolea, Vincent Casoli, Serge R Mordon, Mario A Trelles
BACKGROUND: Since the first studies by Apfelberg in 1994 and the mathematical model of Mordon introduced in 2004, laser-assisted lipolysis (LAL) has been on the rise. In a previous study, we presented our results in patients treated with LAL for Rohrich type I to III aging neck. The average cervicomental angle decreased from 152.6 ± 5.9 to 123.6 ± 8.8 degrees after LAL. This demonstrated a systematic decrease in fat thickness, and improved skin tightening. OBJECTIVE: This new protocol focuses solely on LAL in the Rohrich type IV aging neck...
February 2015: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
Yoram Harth, Ido Frank
INTRODUCTION: Microneedle radiofrequency is a novel method that allows non-thermal penetration of the epidermis followed by RF coagulation in selected depth of the dermis surrounded by zone of non-coagulative volumetric heating. The first generation of Microneedle RF applicators used insulated needles. These treatments were limited by a few factors, including low volume of dermal heating, lack of effect in the papillary dermis and pinpoint bleeding during the treatment. The system tested in this study (EndyMed PRO, Intensif applicator, EndyMed Medical, Cesarea, Israel) utilizes special extra sharp tapered non-insulated microneedles and a special pulse mode, allowing full coagulation during treatment and higher effective volume of dermal heat...
December 2013: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Cesárea Bermúdez-López, Benilde García-de Teresa, Ariadna González-del Angel, Miguel Angel Alcántara-Ortigoza
Germinal mosaicism should be considered when estimating the recurrence risk in families with Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy (D/BMD). Germinal mosaicism, however, has not been assessed in Mexican families with deletions in the DMD gene. To determine the distribution of deletions in the two hot spots and the proportion of de novo and transmitted deletions, we analyzed 153 individuals with D/BMD and a DMD partial deletion and 322 of their maternal female relatives. Predilection for the distal hot spot was observed in 112 families (73%), while gene dosage analysis of female relatives of D/BMD patients identified germinal mosaicism deletions in at least 11...
February 2014: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
Hayfaa A Wahabi, Samia A Esmaeil, Amel Fayed, Rasmieh A Alzeidan
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has increased worldwide, with a subsequent increase in the associated adverse pregnancy outcomes. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of GDM and to compare the maternal and neonatal outcomes of women with GDM with nondiabetic women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study investigating the maternal and the neonatal outcomes of women with GDM who delivered in King Khalid University Hospital as compared with the outcomes of nondiabetic women who delivered during the same period...
August 2013: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
Serge Dahan, Isabelle Rousseaux, Hugues Cartier
BACKGROUND: Skin roughness, color change, wrinkles and skin laxity are the main characteristics of aging skin. Dermatologists and plastic surgeons look for a treatment that will provide both epidermal resurfacing for the improvement of skin roughness and deep volumetric heating that will trigger collagen remodeling in the dermis to reduce wrinkles and skin laxity. These goals should be achieved with minimal pain and downtime. METHODS: The study included 10 subjects (Fitzpatrick's skin type 2-3) with Fitzpatrick wrinkle and elastosis scale of 5-8 (average 7...
April 2013: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
Takekazu Miyoshi, Chizuko A Kamiya, Shinji Katsuragi, Hiroto Ueda, Yoshinari Kobayashi, Chinami Horiuchi, Kaoru Yamanaka, Reiko Neki, Jun Yoshimatsu, Tomoaki Ikeda, Yuko Yamada, Hideo Okamura, Takashi Noda, Wataru Shimizu
BACKGROUND: There are few studies of pregnancy and delivery in patients with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD). The purpose of this study was to investigate maternal and fetal outcome in these patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Six pregnant women with an ICD were retrospectively reviewed. All women underwent implantation of an ICD before pregnancy and delivered at the National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center. The mean age at pregnancy and the mean follow-up period after ICD implantation were 28±3 years old and 5±3 years, respectively...
2013: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
Ignacio Dávila, Carmen Rondón, Ana Navarro, Encarnación Antón, Carlos Colás, María Teresa Dordal, María Dolores Ibáñez, Beatriz Fernández-Parra, Magdalena Lluch-Bernal, Víctor Matheu, Javier Montoro, María Cesárea Sánchez, Antonio Valero
BACKGROUND: Nasal polyposis (NP) is a chronic inflammatory disease of unknown etiology that impairs quality of life (QoL). The role of atopy in NP is not established. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical characteristics and QoL in a broad sample of patients with NP and to evaluate the influence of allergy on this disease. METHODS: A multicenter, observational, cross-sectional study was conducted in 67 allergy units in Spain. NP and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) hypersensitivity were diagnosed following EP(3)OS guidelines...
September 2012: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
Anette Salmelin, Ingela Wiklund, Roger Bottinga, Bengt Brorsson, Gunvor Ekman-Ordeberg, Eva Eneroth Grimfors, Ulf Hanson, May Blom, Elisabeth Persson
Background: Computerised ST analysis of fetal electrocardiography (ECG) combined with cardiotochography (CTG) has been introduced for intrapartum monitoring and is the prevailing method when ST analysis (STAN®) is used. Objectives: To assess the evidence that computerised ST analysis during labor reduces the incidence of fetal metabolic acidosis, hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, cesarean section, instrumental vaginal delivery or the number of instances where fetal scalp blood sampling is used as compared with CTG only...
September 19, 2012: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
C A Kalu, O U Umeora, E V Egwuatu, A Okwor
BACKGROUND: It has been recognized that preterm labor is related to short cervical length and that poor progress in labor is a major indication for cesarean section at term. We therefore hypothesize that long cervix is not associated with increased risk of cesarean delivery during labor at term. OBJECTIVES: The objective is to determine the relationship between cervical length at mid-pregnancy and mode of delivery and preterm delivery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Trans-vaginal ultrasonographic scan measurement of cervical length was done for 281 pregnant women at a mean gestational age of 22 weeks...
July 2012: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Carmen Abate, Savina Ferorelli, Mauro Niso, Cesarea Lovicario, Vittoria Infantino, Paolo Convertini, Roberto Perrone, Francesco Berardi
σ(2) Receptor research is receiving increasing interest with regard to the potential of σ(2) proteins as targets for tumor therapy and diagnosis. Nevertheless, knowledge about the σ(2) receptor is far from conclusive. The paucity and modest affinity of known σ(2) antagonists represent one of the limitations to σ(2) receptor research. Previous studies of the high-affinity σ(2) agonist 1-cyclohexyl-4-[3-(5-methoxy-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalen-1-yl)-n-propyl]piperazine 4 (PB28) suggested that a decrease in lipophilicity might lead to σ(2) ligands devoid of antiproliferative activity (potential σ(2) antagonists)...
October 2012: ChemMedChem
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