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endoscopic endonasal skull base

E Mazerand, N Karmani, L Le Fournier, L Laccourreye, H-D Fournier
INTRODUCTION: The image-guided transoral approach (IGTOA) provides a safe exposure to skull base midline lesions and the ventral aspect of the craniovertebral junction (CVJ). The IGTOA has several advantages: the head being placed in the extended position, it decreases the brainstem angulation during surgery; the approach being done through the avascular median pharyngeal raphe, not only lowers the bleeding risk but also provides a direct access to the bony pathology and granulation tissue accessible only via the ventral route...
October 19, 2016: Neuro-Chirurgie
Juan Luis Gómez-Amador, Luis Alberto Ortega-Porcayo, Isaac Jair Palacios-Ortíz, Alexander Perdomo-Pantoja, Felipe Eduardo Nares-López, Alfredo Vega-Alarcón
Brainstem cavernous malformations are challenging due to the critical anatomy and potential surgical risks. Anterolateral, lateral, and dorsal surgical approaches provide limited ventral exposure of the brainstem. The authors present a case of a midline ventral pontine cavernous malformation resected through an endoscopic endonasal transclival approach based on minimal brainstem transection, negligible cranial nerve manipulation, and a straightforward trajectory. Technical and reconstruction technique advances in endoscopic endonasal skull base surgery provide a direct, safe, and effective corridor to the brainstem...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
Nathan T Zwagerman, Georgios Zenonos, Stefan Lieber, Wei-Hsin Wang, Eric W Wang, Juan C Fernandez-Miranda, Carl H Snyderman, Paul A Gardner
The endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA) has significantly evolved since its initial uses in pituitary and sinonasal surgery. The literature is filled with reports and case series demonstrating efficacy and advantages for the entire ventral skull base. With competence in 'minimally invasive' parasellar approaches, larger and more complex approaches were developed to utilize the endonasal corridor to create maximally invasive endoscopic skull base procedures. The challenges of these more complex endoscopic procedures include a long learning curve and navigating in a narrow corridor; reconstruction of defects presented new challenges and early experience revealed a significantly higher risk of cerebrospinal fluid leak...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Neuro-oncology
S Chawla, J Bowman, M Gandhi, B Panizza
BACKGROUND: The skull base is a highly complex anatomical region that provides passage for important nerves and vessels as they course into and out of the cranial cavity. Key to the management of pathology in this region is a thorough understanding of the anatomy, with its variations, and the relationship of various neurovascular structures to the pathology in question. Targeted high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging on high field strength magnets can enable the skull base surgeon to understand this intricate relationship and deal with the pathology from a position of relative advantage...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
Mathieu Veyrat, Benjamin Verillaud, Philippe Herman, Damien Bresson
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic endonasal approaches (EEA) are an alternative for removing challenging nasopharyngeal or skull base lesions. In some cases, a nasoseptal flap (NSF) is not always available and such complex procedures may lead to carotid arteries exposition and/or dura mater (DM) wide opening. Meticulous carotid coverage and DM reconstruction are crucial for preventing early and delayed complications. METHOD: We propose a step-by-step description of the pedicled temporoparietal fascia flap (TPFF) technique, with a focus on its pitfalls, advantages and limits...
October 7, 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
Stefan Linsler, Sebastian Antes, Sebastian Senger, Joachim Oertel
OBJECTIVE: The safety of endoscopic skull base surgery can be enhanced by accurate navigation in preoperative computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Here, we report our initial experience of real-time intraoperative CT-guided navigation surgery for pituitary tumors in childhood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We report the case of a 15-year-old girl with a huge growth hormone-secreting pituitary adenoma with supra- and perisellar extension. Furthermore, the skull base was infiltrated...
October 2016: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
Omar H Ahmed, Sonya Marcus, Jenna R Tauber, Binhuan Wang, Yixin Fang, Richard A Lebowitz
OBJECTIVE: Perioperative lumbar drain (LD) use in the setting of endoscopic cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak repair is a well-established practice. However, recent data suggest that LDs may not provide significant benefit and may thus confer unnecessary risk. To examine this, we conducted a meta-analysis to investigate the effect of LDs on postoperative CSF leak recurrence following endoscopic repair of CSF rhinorrhea. DATA SOURCES: A comprehensive search was performed with the following databases: Ovid MEDLINE (1947 to November 2015), EMBASE (1974 to November 2015), Cochrane Review, and PubMed (1990 to November 2015)...
September 27, 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Alberto Schreiber, Davide Mattavelli, Marco Ferrari, Vittorio Rampinelli, Davide Lancini, Francesco Belotti, Luigi Fabrizio Rodella, Piero Nicolai
BACKGROUND: Over the past decade, the treatment of complex intradural and extradural pathologies via expanded endonasal approaches has been made possible by progresses and refinements in skull base reconstruction techniques. The aim of this anatomic study is to describe a novel endonasal flap, the turbinal flap (TF), based on the middle and superior turbinate mucosa and pedicled on the ethmoidal arteries system. METHODS: Three fresh-frozen (6 sides) cadaver heads previously injected with colored silicone were dissected...
September 21, 2016: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Sheri K Palejwala, Jonnae Y Barry, Crystal N Rodriguez, Chandni A Parikh, Stephen A Goldstein, G Michael Lemole
Many neoplasms of the head and neck extend centripetally, gaining access to the central nervous system via nerves through the skull base foramina. Often patients with perineural spread have been excluded from aggressive interventions given the overall poor prognosis and technical difficulty when addressing the perineural components. However, in carefully selected patients combined surgical approaches can provide the greatest potential for disease control as well as neural decompression for symptom relief. We performed a retrospective chart review of 20 consecutive patients who underwent skull base approaches for resection of tumors with intracranial extension via perineural spread from 2011 to 2014...
November 2016: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Samuel J C Fishpool, Anthony Amato-Watkins, Caroline Hayhurst
The objective is to assess whether free middle turbinate (FMT) graft reconstruction, after endoscopic endonasal pituitary surgery, combines an acceptably low post-operative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak rate with acceptable rhinological morbidity. This study identified 50 patients who underwent endoscopic endonasal pituitary surgery by the senior author in our teaching hospital between May 2011 and June 2012. FMT graft reconstruction was used in 32 cases. 18 patients were judged pre-operatively as not suitable for FMT reconstruction according to a novel skull base reconstructive algorithm...
September 1, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Huan-Kang Zhang, Xi-Cai Sun, Li Hu, Jing-Jing Wang, De-Hui Wang
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates the impact combined endonasal endoscopic resection and radiotherapy for skull base chordomas. METHODS: Thirty-two patients with skull base chordomas between July 2006 and June 2015 were divided into 2 groups: the surgery alone group and the surgery with radiation therapy group. RESULTS: Gross total resection was achieved in 9 (28.1%) patients with skull base chordoma, subtotal resection was achieved in 16 (50...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
A Samy Youssef, Raghuram Sampath, Jacob L Freeman, Jameson K Mattingly, Vijay R Ramakrishnan
BACKGROUND: Loss of olfaction has been considered inevitable in endoscopic endonasal resection of olfactory groove meningiomas. Olfaction preservation may be feasible through an endonasal unilateral transcribriform approach, with the option for expansion using septal transposition and contralateral preservation of the olfactory apparatus. METHODS: An expanded unilateral endonasal transcribriform approach with septal transposition was performed in five cadaver heads...
October 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
Filippo Gagliardi, Carmine A Donofrio, Alfio Spina, Michele Bailo, Cristian Gragnaniello, Alberto L Gallotti, Samer K Elbabaa, Anthony J Caputy, Pietro Mortini
OBJECTIVE: Anterolateral skull base surgery to sellar and parasellar region has always represented a technical challenge for neurosurgeons. The microscopic endoscope-assisted trans-maxillo-sphenoidal approach (MEMSA) affords a direct surgical corridor free from critical skull base structures. The aim of this study is to describe and critically evaluate its application to access the sellar and parasellar areas in terms of surgical exposure and operability. METHODS: Six cadaveric heads were examined...
August 18, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Matteo Zoli, Gianluca Marucci, Laura Milanese, Rocco Bonfatti, Carmelo Sturiale, Ernesto Pasquini, Giorgio Frank, Diego Mazzatenta
BACKGROUND: The collection of the greatest possible amount of pathological tissue is of paramount importance in neurosurgery to achieve the most accurate histopathological diagnosis, by performing all the necessary biomolecular tests on the pathological specimen, and to collect biological material for basic or translational science studies. This problem is particularly relevant in pituitary surgery due to the possible small size and soft consistency of tumors, which make them suitable for removal through suction, reducing the amount of available pathological tissue...
August 17, 2016: World Neurosurgery
N Phillips, P Nix
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic endonasal surgery to access the anterior skull base has evolved in many centres worldwide and provides a minimally invasive alternative, with better patient experience, to open techniques. METHOD: We present a basic approach to a midline lesion that is the fundamental starting point for wider access to the skull base. CONCLUSION: The nuances of this technique illustrated here have been developed in many centres to provide a safe procedure that has a low incidence of complications and excellent potential...
October 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
Zalán Piski, András Büki, Nelli Nepp, Andráas Burián, Péter Révész, Imre Gerlinger
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In case of dehiscenses developing on the anterior scull base, complete closure resulting in the cessation of the communication between the nasal cavity and the intracranial space is mandatory as soon as possible, in order to prevent serious complications. With the development of the endoscopic techniques, the endonasal management for the reconstruction has become available in recent decades. METHODS: We aim to present the reconstruction techniques applied in our department in the cases of two patients recently operated at our institute...
March 30, 2016: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
Roberto Altieri, Valentina Tardivo, Paolo Pacca, Valentina Pennacchietti, Federica Penner, Diego Garbossa, Alessandro Ducati, Massimiliano Garzaro, Francesco Zenga
The introduction of modern endoscopy in neurosurgery brought light to one of the darkest areas: the skull base. In particular, the trans-nasal route allowed skull base surgeons to visualize and dominate the entire midline skull base. We analyzed our surgical series of 199 patients that were affected by several pathologies (pituitary adenomas, clivalchordomas, craniopharyngioma, Rathke's cleft cysts, tuberculum sellaemeningiomas, and craniovertebral junction pathologies with bulbar compression) and treated each by using a 3D-HD endoscope between December 2012 and December 2015 and reviewed the literature...
July 29, 2016: Surgical Technology International
Samuel H Jones, Andrew F Iannone, Kunal S Patel, Khalil Anchouche, Shaan M Raza, Vijay K Anand, Theodore H Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Midline ventral skull base meningiomas may be amenable to an endonasal endoscopic approach, which has theoretical advantages and may help preserve quality of life (QOL) when compared with transcranial approaches. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of age on QOL following endonasal endoscopic surgery, given the documented impact of age on QOL outcomes following transcranial resection of midline ventral skull base meningiomas. METHODS: We reviewed a prospectively acquired database of endonasal endoscopic surgery for meningiomas...
July 25, 2016: Neurosurgery
Leigh J Sowerby, Sumeer Mann, Yves Starreveld, Trevor Kotylak, Brad Mechor, Erin D Wright
BACKGROUND: Initial descriptions of endoscopic approaches to the sella and pituitary involved resecting the middle turbinate (MT) to help improve access and visualization. Modifications of these procedures to preserve the MT have since been described, one rationale being to reduce the incidence of frontal sinusitis. The objective of this study was to establish the incidence of postoperative frontal sinusitis in MT sparing (MTsp) and MT sacrificing (MTsc) approaches to the sella. OBJECTIVE: A retrospective cohort study that compared radiographic evidence of frontal rhinosinusitis or frontal recess obstruction after skull base surgery in patients who underwent MTsc and MTsp endonasal approaches to the sella...
July 2016: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
Raewynn G Campbell, Douglas Farquhar, Nina Zhao, Alexander G Chiu, Nithin D Adappa, James N Palmer
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic endonasal repair of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea secondary to idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), also known as pseudotumor cerebri or benign intracranial hypertension, has varying success rates, from 25-87%, with minimal morbidity. However, often these series have a relatively short-term follow-up. Given the pathophysiology of IIH, long-term follow-up is necessary to identify true CSF leak recurrence rates. Our investigation aimed to evaluate long-term outcomes in endoscopically repaired CSF leaks...
July 2016: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
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